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Condo et compono quae mox depromere possiin. Hob. 

Lb docte juvtiquitb fiit toujours v^n^rable: Boilbau. 
Nature has implanted in our breasts a lively impulse to extend the narrow 
9paii of our existence, by the knowledge of the events that have happened 
on the soil which we inhabit, of the characters and actions of those men 
from whom our descent, as individuals or as a people, is derived. Gibboit. 



1833. . 








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T. •'HiA»4«Ur, PIUNTIB, 26, 8*CHlLeil's.WAI,«, SVBUN. 













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Tj» Ikf disiid«tntage«i«l to llw diMv^iik lofilnkuiri; 
Utjoratore hM beseloroiSe.lMcta hntiUttki cailtiwtc4 oiben^j 
€o«nm4 bjR to lababitMb. . Xdthe din^i^iBita^Wea^pti 
QMiitfil culture is one of |]|>n effMtoal .agtntein Uh^ 
<cmIiaaAion aod imcd recenelr^tii^ 

Emolhtmoreap nee emit eueferofl. C/tM^i ..' T .. 

To the dlteredit, t^ecause a nejglect bf,the etrtd, i^cfe4ice$» 
literature, betrajs an absence of t^ose noble^ ^telleqiuaii 
aspiratiooa which mainly distingatsh man from the tp wer ^ 
orders of creation. These ' positions are- ineontro verlible^ 
and therefore, apy elaborate support of them would da 
saperflnous. Y* ^. 

1 shall now briefly advert to the \ |ia8t knd present state 
of that branch of literature to whic'h thi following; work 
appertains. • • 

The prospect in this ease is fkr from cheering. While 
in Great Britain, every county, and maiiy bit^ouies, pit- 
rishes, cities, towns, villages, and even private houses,* 
have had their historians and antiquaries, little,, iud^<ea, 
has been done in Ireland. With the exception of Smith's. 
histories of Cork, Waterford, iand Kerry, published in 
the last century, and others ^^ few and far between,** the 
local records of the country yet remain to be collected, its 
ancient structures are yet to be visited, explored, and 
accurately pourtrayed.f It is not difficult to account for 
the immediate cause of this circumstance: public support 
has not been forthcoming; and even now, the attendant 
difficulties are such as would, perhaps, deter most persons 
from the pursuit : in fact, no small share of eiitbusiasm 
is necessary to carry a work on antiquities, (or indeed on any 
other subject), in Ireland, to a successful conclusion. The 
example of our English and Scotch fellow subjects^ 
however, was striking ; the deficiency existed ; and the 
author, feeling an interest in his native .county, respired ut 
all hazards, to collect its history^and survey its antiqui- 
ties. The present volume is the result of his determination. 

Knowing that in too many instances writers h^ve been 
led into gross bhmdcvs by improperly attempting to des- 

« Tk0 ibUowinf an a few of theie works, with th« pricM marked in tlie booltMlln^ 
otelogae : 

antoiuiiMMi'k Hist, ol Dois^kire, 2nd tdit 4toU lbl.Pr»MffO/. Or, <»rf. 
Doctor Robert Plot's Nktaral History of Stailbidshire 2/. lOt. OdL 
Wrif Irt^s History end Antiquities of tke county of RatlMid II. Ll#. OA 
I>r. Leigh's Nainml History and Antiqnities of LaaMshire 18t. Od 
Sir Peter Lsyeester's Hielorioal Antiqaitiea of ChesterO I5i. OdL 
AUeB*fe History of Lambeth, Sto. l/. i5«. Qd, 
fnXkmeem Hieiory of Chelsea, 2 vols. 8to. new edit V, U* 
Hist, and Antiavitifleof Hengrave-haU,in tbeoonnty of 8affolk,hyiohn6afs,KBq. F.8.A* 

tTlM low pace of l8ff.6<i. is placed oothepreseatHistory and Aotiquitiesot the eoaaty 
of Callow and its aeoompanying map, partly in order to eoable individoals. of all e l a s ees 
to pnNflin eo^es. The woifc may be fairly said to contain as mneh matter se woali 
%nm two oetavos, printed in the manner now seneral with nfw.pnbiicaliaMs. 

-| The Btatistieal Sorreys of the Royal Dablin aodely are ehieSy api^itoral ; bnt tarn, 
ehott ehaplef being devoted to history and antiqviaes. Oanetteen, m iepegraphietl di«> 
tioMrice, ■»«« bo. n #oe ww ily brief m to aaeh partienlar dieferict. 

cribe places and ftroctnrea which they liad MVtf seeo,* 
tlie aolfabr reaUfed on tiiitiiig' every anctait place, or 
httiidfaiK in the district to which his work relatea« Ha' 
has, aeSovdinglj, traTcrsed the sliire fironi i«orth'to somtb, 
and ' to west; from Rathyilly to St Mattin8» 
and from Old Leighlin to Hacketstown hate been aiten- 
tively explored ; and if he has failed in obtaining compre* 
hensiYc inforini^tion on the present state of the antiqmtiea 
of the county of Carlo^w, it has not been froni deficiency 
fn physical exertion. Like Sir ^alter Scott, (in his 
lambles through the border country, whencollectiiig mat- 
ter for bis exquisite works}, the author adopted the pedes- 
trian mode in his survey; by far the belt where minute- 
inquiry is the object ; though he cannot say, that he has 
often walked thirty (Scotch) miles a day, as Sir Walter is 
stated by one of his biographers to hare frequently per- 
formed.f Such, in short, was the ardour of the author's 
search for information, that the humorous lines applied bj 
Burns to the facetious antiquary Captain Grose, might 
with equal justice have been applied to him. A mass of 
matter, however, has by this means been collected, re- 
lating not merely to the ancient structures, but to most of 
the time-honoured burial-grounds of the county. 

Regarding literary information, the most approved ori- 
ginal works have been consulted ; manuscripts have been 
inspected ; the public records have been searched ; and 
application has oeen made to every accessible source. As 
relates to one authority, Kkatino, a word or two is ne- 
cessarv. The precise degree of credit due to him, it is 
difficult to ascertain. O'Reilly styles him neither more nor 
les8tha.n the /^ Herodotus of Ireland,'^ while Sir Ri- 
chard Cox says, ^^as for the histories that treat of the 
times before the English conquest, Doctor Keating^s 
is the best ;'' but an important qualification of this opinion 
follows : ^ it is after ail,'' says Cox, '^ but an ill-digested 
heap of very silly fictions." 

Who shall decide when doctors disagree ? 

Certainly, we, ourselves, have detected very serious flaws in 
K£ATING*8 chronology, and there is assuredly, a want oi 
TcrisimilitudeLin many of his statements ; but we conceive, 
that we should not be justified in altogether rejecting 
'Him as an authority ; which would, besides, be at variance 
with the practice of several modem writers of judgment. 

* InBtaneet eoold b« mvitipUed^ bnt the f<dlewfns mmr be Uken as a tunpto. DMvrib* 
ing the oolanon erected on theveene of the battle of the fioyne, a late writer mts: ** There 
are iaKiiptioii* in Bnglinh on the foor sides of it, ftRtins the purposes for which it was 
flvbeted, enderoeath one of which isa Latin inscription, mentioning that the fintstonewae 
laid ia ir88," te.— 7%e Northern Taurut. By P. D, Hardjiy B»q. M,R,LJ. p. 17. Now what 
ietikefaot? Theie is 6«l one tnscriptimi on the obelisk Cas«oe can testify from personal 
obserffttion), and that is la SngUsh, stating the period of erection, Ac we fsar the feon- 
rist woold place bat Uttle reliaaee on a guide, who, so early in Uie exeanioB, betrayt 
Ms iaeorreotaess and iaeompeteaey* 

The aathor has had far more pleainre ia his excnnions oa foot, (which have aot been 
confined tr« Ireland,) than he ever eajored with either coach, gig, jauatiag-vari honebacky 
#r aay other of the artificial modes of loeomotibh. / 

tlie Ihet seems to bie^ fKat Us' histot^ ,Df Ir'ebiiid H ft 
coinpoaiid of trqth and etror; from urbicfrthe latter sUouldf 
If possible, be'caotioruslY vHmiowed, wbilethe gr^ns of 
Yaluable histojcical fact snould be as carefally blredcryed; 

'KegardiBg the result at bis applications to indlviduala 
ftir local information, the author cannot complain. Whilt^ 
Be certainly is not enabled to say tbat success was inra- 
rfbible, or that intelligence was, in all instances, freely 
ebm'municated, he is, as^uredly^ not compelled to make'a 
report so unfavourable a^r that of Mr. Dutton, author of 
the Survey of the county of Clare, who thus writei^ in the 
prelhce to that worlc: << Had I,*' he says, <* not considered 
myself bound to fulfil my promise to the Dublin Society, 
this survey of the county of Clare would never have 
been published; that ungracious illiberal silence, with 
rep;ara both to the hundreds of letters I wrote, and to the 
reiterated verbal applications I made, (and which ib the 
dilate of Ireland, is complained of in almost eveiy 
survev that has been published), would otherwise have 
urged me, at an early period, to decline all furdier pro- 
gress. Some^ to whom I applied, (whose rank in life 
should have placed them above such gross ignorance), 
asked me what a survey was, what it was about, &c. ; and 
som3, very wittily, wished to know, was it to take an account 
of all the pigs iuEnnis and Killaloe, with a multitude of 
other remarSs equally sagacious and liberal." — ^The au- 
thor of the present woric, unquestionably, did not, in all 
cases, meet an enlightened disposition to afford useful or 
interesting information ; but, to the credit of his native 
county, he can with truth assert, tfiat in no instance did 
he encounter barbarism such as that rdated by Mf. Dut«» 
ton. Let us hope thatthe day will speedily arrive, when 
the gently of Ireland, universally, will duly appreciate 
the advantages of mental cultivation, and the henefita 
arising from the diffiision of useful literatiu*e. 

The history concludes at the year 1800, for the feOow- 
ing reasons : firstly, it is usual to close eveiy work of the 
kind at some well-defined era ; and secondly, the present 
generation must be perfectly acquainted with the transac* 
tions of the last thirty years. The chief atid important 
feature in the history of our county since the Union, we 
will, however, mention. It consists of a recent effort on 
the part of the Romish priests and the agitators to destroy 
the ancient and salutary influence of the gentry over their 
tenantry, and to usurp the power of returning the county 
members to parliament. In this latter, they completely 
succeeded at the general election of 1831 ; and they have 
since maintained their uigust and pernicious ascendancy 
A detail of the causes which ensured their first success and 
sdbsequent supremacy^ is needless, and would occupy 

|e il^ pppldjbe well afforded in pdu plMf # It 

^ ^ Ice io oliat^ei t^attfie genijrr tB^ms^lvea, are not 
$jiU>gShex hl^mele^inihe.ftffBir. THsp in the spirit of 
trqe. fciends^ , we thi^k ., it bur duty to state. 

TJie aatlkor arows himself attached to Toryy Conser* 
Tativ^f and Protestant principles, but he can safely sw, 
thajt truth and impoirtiallty have been closely studied m 
the following work. ,Be was not ignorant of Cicerqfii 
ijdles for the historian; the first of which be declares tobe^^ 
qot ^o state any thlnff false, and the second, to dare to! 
publish the truthi* .The aotboir trusts, that his adherence 
to these laws is obyioiis in the follp wing pages. Amicus. 
PlatOf amicus Socrai^SySei magis arnica Veritas. 

It is worthy of remark, that sieveral of the ancient families 
connected with our county, who formerly werie by no means 
distinguished for their loyalty to the throne, are now among 
its firmest supporters* It is further a striking circumstance, 
that so long as the members of these families remained 
Romanists, so long did they continue disposed to rebellion, 
butfrom the time dT their adoption of the reformed religion^' 
t(i|eir political conduct has been that of good subjects, i| 
has been steady, correct, and unimpeachable. 

To the Tarious gentlemen who con^ibuted information 
to the work, the author returns his best thanks. The 
Dean ofSx. Patrick's, WilliamHarty, E8q.,M.D.,, 
theRer. H. Kinosmill, F.T.C.D., Samuel Litton/ 
Esq., M.D., and W« Shaw Mason, Esq., are entitled to 
his particular acknowledgments, for facilities afforded by 
them to the collection of valuable historical matter, 
. In imitation of the plan adopted by the Rev. Mr. Gor- 
don and Dr. O'Halloran, in the publication of their his* 
V>rie9 of Ireland^ subscribers names were received ; and 
tbe author has to express his tnanks to the poblemen and 
gentlemen who tbus promoted the work, and thereby fos* 
tered the growth of literature in this much neglected land. 

. That imperfections do not exist in the following work, 
the author is not. so presumptuous as to suppose. The 
defective state of our public records, and tbie occasional 
difficulty of access to those which exist, will be remem- 
bered ; while th0 circumscribed limits of the county (the 
smallest in Ireland excepting Louth) will not be forgotten. 
And should the number, beau^, or interest of the ancient 
works of art, be found not equal to that of some of the 
neighbouring counties, the author confidently trusts, that 
for such circumstance he will not be censiured. Nor will 
the reader be so unreasonable as to expect matter foreign 
to the nature of the work, though, possibly, more absorb- 
ing, or exciting, in its specific properties. 

DubliHf liihJufy, 1838. J.M. 

•ZtoOrat LiK2.e»9. If. 


» / 

) » 




Dbdicatiom. . • • • . .f ••• ^ • •• ;;V77;T7. n(. 

Vmfacb«.« ••. ; T. 

» . ♦ "XJXXXXMT. M,0 \ '* 


Gtgrapkteai SketA cf dte . eeiiHty of Carhw... . I. ; 11 


Hg Cabanagh and Hy DroHe antiriir to the BngUA 
wvatiOH «f the t^ljltk century, ....■...> -. .« • t^ 

CHAP. tlL 

from the anioai of the English, A.D. 116d, to the 
death i^ Henry II. A.D. 1180... 40 


Rfign of SiAard I. A.D. 1189, to A.D. 1199 St 

chap; V. 

Meign^Jolm. AiD. 1199; to A.t>. 1316,.... ..>.., .00 

lU^H tf, A.D. 1216; <o-A.D. lt».. ... IBS 

*%n of Edward I. A.D. 1272, to A.D. 1807. ... . 72 

CHAP. vin. 

ieiyn Of Edward tl. A.D. 1307, <0 A.D. 1327. .... 7S 

Re^ of Edward III. A.D. 1327, lo A.D; 1377... 78 

<. . ■ CHAP» X..' . , . . , 

Reign of Richard II. A.D., 1877, to A.D. 1899. ... 84 

Meign of Hemy IF. 'A.D. 1899, to A.b. 1412.. ... 87 

;>. cHAp.jai. ■ 

Reign of Henry V. A.D. 1412, to A.D. 1422 87 


Roign qf Henry n. A.D. 1423, to A.D. 1460 89 

C^AP. XiV. 

Reign ef EdwaHt IT: A.D. 1460, j<a A.D. 1483. ... 89 

CHAP.^V.-- ; - 

^^jfmwaraV.and IfipLM!rA.T)J 14(83, to 
A.D. 148tf.. ...,. , 90 



RmgnofHtnnfVIL A.D. 1485, /o A.D. 1509 90 

RHgH Henry VIIL A.D. 1509, io A.D. 1547 ... . 91 

CHAP. xvni. 

lUign of Edward VL A.D. 1547, to AD. 1553. ... 100 


Reign Of Mutg. A.D. 1 553, to A.d/i55S; 102 


Reign o/ ElhabeA. A.D. 1558, to' A.D. 1603 103 

Re^n of Jamee t. A.D. 1QQ3, to A.D. 1625 114 

ti«ign qf pHtrles. /, A,D. 1625, to A.D. 1649 149 

CHAP. xxra. 

The interregnum. A.D. 1649, to A.D. 1660 188 

.CHAP. xxiy. 

Reign of Charles IL A.D. 1660, to A.D. 1685 18t 

Reign of James II. A.D. 1685, t6 'a.D. 1688. . . . . ^1 

Retgno/: WUtiam III A.D.'l688, /£> ^.D. 1702. ... Ste 

CHAP, xxvir. 

R^gn of Amu. A.D« 1702, to A.D. 1714. tS4 

. Reign of Georgs /. A.p. 1714, to A.D. 1T27, • .>, , . . « 368 

Reign of George II A.D. 1 727, io A.D. 1 760 269 

Reign of George III. A.D. 1760, to the year 1800 .. . 286 

Present siaie of the Antiquities of the County of Car low, S26 


Some account of the respectable families who have h^en 
long resident in the county qf Carlow, and who pos- 
sess pr€ferty inii,.**^ ...••••.. 356 

Appbndix ••*. •.••...••• 376 


Tht r0ider ii reiiireftted to correct tht following Ekbata whk hii pMt^:^ 

Fife 15, line 13— <for comiiff read eotm^if. 

-?^ 19; 2»— w — — r «. 

— |S'_ 10 '-'•^eAarter -^fhtgfier* 

— — 165 — ,24 ^-^"^fifme d ■ fwn Md. 

r 169 — 47,— JEii^«#AiwM^£W|'AM; , 

....^ 375 w.^ 25 ^.— -jMMwitf* — -fosseu. 

• • • I 

> . . . 






Geographical Sketch of the County of Curlowl 

PaBTiousliT to entering upon a detaU of the history, (tad 
antiquities of tbe county, it will be advisable to state its situation^ 
boundaries, extent and divisions. No great space will be required 
for this purpose. 

The county of Carlow, formerly termed Catherlogh, is situate 
in the kingdom of Ireland, and province of Leinster. It is twenty- 
•ix Irish miles in length, from north to south, and twenty-three in 
breadth from east to west. It is bounded on the north and north- 
west by the Queen's county and the c6unty of Kildare, on the 
west by the county of Kilkenny, and on the east and south east 
by the counties of Wicklow and Wexford. The number of baronieft 
in the county, is six, viz. : Carlow, Forth, Idrone ESast, Idrone 
West, RiAvilly and Saint MuUins. The quantity of acres la 
each, according to a survey made in 1789, is as follow* : 

Arable acre*. MovBtain and boc* 

Barony of Carlow 18,487 

— Forth 21,601 1,937 

Baronies of Idrone 38,61 5 7,100 

Barony of Rathvilly S8,510 ..... 

' .. — S tMuUiaa 16,303 3,171 

123,516 12,217 

123,5ia . 


Making a total of 135,733 acres in ihe whole county, or about 
346 English square miles. The baronies are fiirther divided mto 

Cnshes (all in the dioqese of Leighlin), of which the cml distrio 
tion 18 as follows.: 

■ . ^ .1. tkJCUSW BAKOHT : 

Ballynacarrig, Killerig, , Clody» (part of) 

Kemanstown, Urglin, ^ Thumegurna, 

I^Ednstown, fpartaf) Grangeforth, Ktllystown. 

• • 


OhervoHons, — The ecclesiastical parish of Ballyiirogue appears 
to be only a townland in Ballyiiacsrrig parish^ forming part of iSbiB 
union of Staplestown. Kernanstown, for baronial purposes, is 
considered a. separate puisb; but according to the ecclesiastical 
^ivisioniy it appertains to Caiiow^ parish, excepting the bog of Ker* 
nanstown, which belongs to Urglin parish. The remainder of 
Painstownjparish is in ^tiie barony of Kilkea and Moone, countjr 
Kildare. The town of Carlow is in the parii^ of that name. 
The ecclesiastical parish of Aghade is oidy now known to exist as 
B townland in Ahinstin parish, which Is in Rafhvilly barony, but 
lor civil purposes is considered to be in KiUerig parish.— The re«> 
«iainder of Clody alias Cloydah parish is in the barony of Idrone 
West. ThunuQ^urnais eatted in ^ eodesiaatical returns, Tullow* 

tt* M«»aMmfir( 

Barragb, (part of) Pubbledmnit 

iXysfaaUf (p«rtof| Tei)»lep€terv 

]ballo&9 BenctenstowB^ 

t^iiervdiions, — The remainder of Barragh parish is in the 
%arony of Saint Mullins. A part of Newtownbarry, formerly called 
Sunclody village, is m Barragh parish. The remainder of the 

S*"Rg)e is in Newtownbarry parish, in the county of Wexford*-*^ 
e village of Myshall is In the parish of that name» Three town« 
lands of tiais parish are in the barony of Idrone East, and are in- 
cluded in Pi^agh parish. The village of B^lon is in the paridh of 
. that name. The parish of Pubbledrum/ according to the ecclesi- 
astical arcaagements, is considered as belonging to the parish cS 
ISarragh. Sendenstown is called in the ecclesiastical returns Gil- 


SlygiA Nurney and Augba (ftkH of) 

ttirtenne!^ Penagh»<parto9 

Cfamagooiey faoniaB. 

Bbilyellen, (part of) 

t)lservaiwns, — A part of the town of Bagenalstown is in Dutt- 
leckny parish. The r^nainder of Ballyel^n paridi is in Saint 
Mullens barpny« The remainder of Fenagh parish is in the hali 
karony of Shittels^h, county of Wicklow. 


Killeaanei TuUowcrlne, 

Welb, Glody» (part oQ 


V. iuTBVtLLV barony: 

RBthvillyr Hacketslown, (part oQ Benekery 

lUthmoK, Ardristin, RaliaiaadBroghiUatowB* 

Ttokttmiaiwny Clonmore, 

Tullowphdim, Haroldstown* 

N-— The town of BattviQy is in the parish of that 
same. The townland of Lady town, though surrounded by thisparish. 

Ubiqp to Aepttridi of Mtiiigiaip, in tbe barony of Upptr TaUbol«« 
town and county of Widdow. The ecdesiaatim panw of 8tiabe# 
wpetrs only to bo n towaiand in Rtftiunore pamh, acooidinf to tbo 
€11^ divisions of tkecoanlty, TankardstownandTuUowphelimparigb 
appear to oonstitute the ecolesiaetical parish of TuSpur. The towi^ 
of TuUov is in the paiiah of ToUowphelim* The tovm of Hack* 
«t8town id in the parish of ti^ name ; die renuunder of the pdrisl^ 
is in the barony of Ballyiiacer and county of Wickioir; The towiw^ 
land of Baliyrhaoe in Claninove parish, is, aogordhig to Ihe oode- 
«a|tical diviBianSi oonsidorod to bdong to Ciyoiiio panah^ in the 
coan4y of Wicldow. la Haroldstown is the vittage of Coolnianaffh.. 
Benfcery is notnolicad'in the ecclesiastical relorns \ one half oi it 
pays ti&e lothe incumbent of Ballynacarrig parish* and the other 
to the incumbent of Urglio pariA ; this pansh, Ihough situated lA. 
^ centre of fiaebiir barony,, ia designated m tb9 old coui^ty M^^ 
as belonging to Ri^thviily hoiony. 

vw siJuoiiDfUNS baeomt: 
Moyacmob, (pSrt of) Ballyetten (pait sQ^ 

BttTBC^ (do«> UUard, Xd^^ 

Saint MsUins, (do.> 

Ohervaiion^. — In tUs part of Moyncomh paridi ia l}io rShgi^ 
of Clon^^. The remainder of the parisb, which, in the eccle-- 
fiiastical returns, is called Clonegal, from the church being sitnated* 
in that town, is i4 tbe counties of Wexford and WiddofV, Kil- 
davin viHage is in Barragh parish. The remainder of Saint MuUina^ 
poiisby contaioiag fom*. townlande, is in the bar(«y of But^tiTi 
i^eooty W^tofxL Tinnohinch villago is w.Sain|; MuUios parin». 
Tho y«naind»r of Ballydlen parish is in Idroao E^aat horoOT, Tk^ 
remainder (dlJlUxd parish ja in the barony of downuvand ^Ouq||: 
ibi Ki9cenny«* 

The^rni^nthjtjd ^vistoos of the diocese pf lie^Ui^ {indudiM. 
|he entire leounty of Carlow) are op feflpwa. Suhjfjqed to oa^ 
parish if ^ iflltia} indicative of ii$ denoimii^Qii, and ^smn* 
opacify the aaiaher of livings^ 

^. Kurrey, It 
d.K!lHiiane, R. 

{• CIoDOUMre, B« 

6. Teoolme, V. 

7. Ullard, IK* 
Graigue. y R. 

MuIlinacuiHe, f Imp. C« 
Crycrim, rimp. C, 
liMoleiaaQ. 3 imp. C« 

t.Tttnowmagrimah,^ R. 


Ballycrogue, > R. 
lyaacairig, 1 Imp. C^ 
10. OldLeic^liD, ? R« 

TttUowcrine. $ Imp. C* 
II. St Kill, R. 
\% Pow«r«town. R. & y« 
1&' Lomm. > V» 

Slyguff; tv. 

14. GraoBB Sav, R. 
ii;. Kiltennel ?V. 

Clonafoosev V. 

16. KilmacahUI, V. 

17. Agha I y. 
Donleckney y V* 

^ RetaiM anderPop. Act— I cannot here avoid aotseSnga Btt af psittea 
fiven in '«tbe Traveler's new Guide through Ireland,*' Wm which aothing 
cBii be more incorrect* 

^- 1 

♦ • 



.16.-TeniplepeCer> R. 

10. St. Mttllins, Imp. C 

SO. Old Leigfalm. P.C. 

91. Carlow, R. 

^. Urglin» 7 R. 

Killerick. N Imp. C« 

Sd. laileshin^ R. & V . 

24. Fenagh, A. 

2^. Fenagb, IV. 
Castlerooi'ey f chap* 
Ballybenard, C chap. 
TuUowbeg. \chap. 
Drumphey, Tcbap^ 
Ardowen. ( chap. 

S6. Clonmulsk. R. 

27. Grangemonk. V. 

28. Kellystown. R. 
281. MyshaU. R. & V. 

30. TuUow.R.&V. 

31. GObertstown, 1 R. 
Aghade, f V. 

' Ardristan, f V. 
Ballon. 3V. 

38. Barragh, V. 

33. KUtegan, ? V. 
Kilrahelagh. ( R. & V; 

34. Baltinglass. R. 
35« Hacketatowny ? R. 

Haroldstown. $ V. 


36. BaUinure. R. 

37. RathTiUy, ^R. 
Straboe, TR. 
Rahill. 3 Imp. C. 

38. Moyne, P. C. 

39. Stratford-on«SlaBey, P. C. 

40. Corclone, ? R. 
KUleany. ^ R. 

4l.BalIyrQan, R. &V. 

42. Maryborough, ^ R. & T. 
Kiloolemanbaney > R« & V« 
Straboe. y V. 

43. Abbeyleix, V. 

44. Stradbally. V; 
Moyanna. V. 

45. Dyaartgalen, R. 

46. Ballyadams, ^R.&V. - 
. Ballintttbber, ^ R. & Y* 

47. Rathasbeck, R. & V. 

48. Timogue, IR. 
Tullomoy, f R. 
Kill^onbrook, r R. 
Fossey, 3 V» 

49. Killeban, R. 

£0. Clonenagh, > R.' 
Clonagheen. > R. 

51. Dysartenos, f V. 
KiUteal. S v.* ' 

• The towns and villages of ihe county are : Carlow, Tidlow^ 
Hacketstown^ Leighlin-bridge, Bs^nalstown^ Borris^ Clonegal, 
Myshaly Nitmey, Rathviliyy Fenagh, Ballon, Palatinetown, Kil- 
jdavin, Old Leighlin, Coolmanagk, Tknehincb, and St. Muliins. 

The principal rivers are the Barrow antd Slaney. The former^ 
9tyled by the aneients Bergus, Brigus, or Bargus, rises in the 
^Ueve-bloom chain of hills,* in the Queen's eounty, and passing 
through Portarlington, Monastereven, Athy, Carlow, Leighlin- 
bridge, and Graiguenemanagh, forms a junction witib the Nor* 
near New Ross. It is navigable for a distance of forty-three miles, 
5!ommencing at Monastereven. To dilate on the beauties or ad- 
vantages of this noble river were needless. More than three cen* 
tunes since, it wajs thus noticed by SpensjBR : 

The first the gentle Shure, that making way, 
By Bweet Clonmel, adorns rich Waterford ; ; 
The next, the stubborn Newre, whose wateri 
By fiiir Kilkenny, and Ross-pont bounds 
The third i/te goodly Barrow. 

The Slaney is the Modonus of Ptolomy the geographer, and wftf 
also formerly called the Slaneor Urrin ; its name of Slane or Slaney 
being derived, according to Keating, from Slany, king of Leinster, 
It enters the county two miles nortih of RathviUy, and leaves it, at 
Wewtownbarry, after a course of about seventeen railes. Tljt 



• • 


t^aiitiey *ii navigablii from Eiiniscortby to Wexford^ a distance of 
thirteen miles. There is no lake in this district. 

In general appearance^ the county rather inclines to the level 
and pleasing, than to the mountainous or romantic ; a course of 
elevated ground, however, runs through part of its centre, while 
Mount Leinster and the Black Stairs, the southern boundaries of 
the county, are mountains of considerable height. The western 
division has a hill called the ridge of Old Leighlin. 

The county of Carlow forms what was anciently the territoriee 
of the Hy Cabanagh and Hy Drone, being the northern part of the 
principality of Hy Kinselagh. When the district became shire 
^ound, the old denominations fell into desuetude, together with 
&e divisions indicated by them. The population of Ibe country 
was stated in 1795 to be 44,000 ; in 1814, it was 69,566 ; in 1821, 
it amounted to 78,952 ; while by the return of 1831, the number 
of persons had increased to 81^649.* 


J7y Cabanagh and Hy Drone anterior to the English Invasion 

of the Twelfth Century. 

This ancient history of Ireland has been dte subject of much 
cdbtroversy. One class of writers has ventured boldly to present us 
with the annals of the country from a period as early as the year 
t)f the worid, one thousand nine hundred and seventy-eigh^ or 
about two thousand years before the birth of Christ ; while others 
maintain, that little credence is to be* attached to the historic an* 
nals of Ireland until the arrival of St. Patrick, in the fifth century 
of the christian era. The former, or Irish pfuiy, tell us, that in 
the year A. M. 1978, Partholanus, a native of Greece, settled in 
this island, of which he and his followers kept possession three 
hundred years, when they were visited by a plague, which destroyed 
tiie whole colony. Ireland is then said to have remained destitute 
of ^inhabitants tJiirty years, till A. M. 2308, when Nemedius, 
descended from a brother of Partholanus, arrived. In 2540, we 
are told, the island was visited by a people called Tuatha de Danans, 
who maintained their sway in it for the space of one hundred mi 
ninety-seven years, when the Milesians landed. These latter em* 
barked at Gkdicia, (A.M. 2737), in thirty ships, for Ireland. We 
«Q*e further informed, that of the race of Milesius, king of Spain, 
Ireland had one hundred and eighteen the time of St. 

* Further statuitiGal inidrmadon may be found in the Appendix, No. 1. — 
The referenoee to the Append in the following pagep* will be by figures. 
Brewer, in hie *< Besuties of Jrelsad,'' incorrectly itstes the population of 
•rtll at 81;S8f, • 

If SifitOmT AN9 ANTiaUlTtlSI. 

Patrick, A.P. 432 ; while fifty-one Uogs swayed the Irmh weptrt 
from the days of La<^ire| A.D. 4^, to those of Roderick 
O'Coonor, last Mflesian monarch of tibe island.* On the opposite 
side, the hardy Ledwich^ and others, have openly declared their 
disbelief in, what they term, the monastic, fabulous legends of 
ancient Ireland ; they deny the high literary cultivation claimed for 
this kingdom by the aforementioned authors,, and even seem 4is«» 
posed to maintain liiat the Irish, previously to their conversion txf 
Christianity, were plunged in rode and savage ignorance, equally 
devoid of learning and civilization. Truth, we think, may lie be- 
tween. To enter upon an investigntion of the matter,, would 
occupy more space than could well be spared in tiiis work, and^ 
indeed, would be foreign to its express object Suffice it to say^ 
^t it appears -to us; 1;ha(k"thefe.ea|tstt«biiadf^t testimony from 
contemporary writers; and others, (testimony credited l^l^^eatest 
antiquaries), to justify us in the conclusion, that ancient Irelaai 
had much of social cultivation and scholastic knowledge, though, 
perhaps, not in the high degree represented. It is our immediate 
purpose to detail such occurrences as rdate to that part of Ihe 
kingdom whose history and antiquities we ^have undertaken to 

We have records of events and ek'em&stanees, of a very early 
date, relating to the district which forms the subject of this work.. 
But we should first premise, as tending to remove obscurity fcQjjx 
the subsequent narrative, that, on the death of Milesius, above 
mentioned, the kingdom was divided between his sons Heber and 
Heremon ; the former choosing the southern hal^ the latter, the- 
nortiiem. Bemdes the two just mentioned, Milesius hadsons named- 
WM follows : Don, Aireach, Amhargin^ Ir, Colpa> and Ar^iann ;^ 
dl of whom jcwied Heber and Heremon in the invpsbn of Ireland,, 
«nd among whom and their descendants subdivisuMis of the country 
took place. The kingdom was gov«med by £buf provincial king%. 
while tiie chief monarch had Meath as his particular donuun. 
Within the provinces were petty princes, who exercised the rights 
of eovereignty over their own immediate people ; subject^ however, 
to the control of the powers above them* In short, the feudal 
system was that ad(^ted and followed by the Irish.. The orowik 
was elective ; but none were eligible except members of the royal 
atock.-— The course of events now claims our attenlson. 

We find that in A. M. 2766, Conmaol, the s<m of Heber, by la 
victorious engagement, obtained the crown, and governed the 
kmgdom of Ir^emd tiurty years. Continued warfare subsisted be^ 
tween him and the &mily of Heremon, against whom he fe^£^ 
not less tiian twenty^ve batties, with ua£fprm success. Among 
nine of tiie actions enumerated is to be found that of Lod^ein^ 
othervvise Leigfalin.i' 

In order to the due comprehension of the &cts and allusions to 
he found in a wcM-k ef this nature^ it is indii^ensable that the raader 

• ndt Kcfttisf, OTlshertr, Sec. t Keating. Hist^r. p^ W.lph mf. 

or tfis 6ouKTf o# cAAioiir^ 19 

AmU be rexnliiddd of all geoerftl MToltttidOt or ramarkabb im* 
paitante from ancient cmtom. Some brief notice of all aiicb cases 
n necessary to Hlustmte the trmn of events. With this new» W9 
shall now niention> that it b stated, on the authority of the Psalter 
frf Cadiel, that stone buildings were to be found in Ireland as eariy 
as A> M. 3150.* About a century afterwards, in 3261^ fortifica- 
fions were first constructed. These latta" appear to have been tii« 
origin of the raths, which subsequently became vmy numerous* 
However early the knowledge of masonry may have been, we are 
fidly aware^ that until a very recent period, comparatively, it was 
Implied solely to great military and ecclesiastical structiu'es ; thu 
dwellings of private individuals being framed of wood.*— Would 
that we could say anything in solution of that knotty subject, tiie 
date and origin of the round towers of Ireland. Our satisfaetinB 
in such case would be enhanced by the circumstJftce, that one of 
^ese singular structures stood within our county till about twentjr 
Veais since ; when it Mi, not before the devounng tootii of TimOi 
0ut under the devastating hand of man. 

In tiie year of the world 3952, or fifty-two years prior to 
ibebirtli of Christ, the practice of burying the dead in graves was 
first introduced into Ireland. Previously to the time of Eolphaidfa, 
sumamed Aireamb, who in this year tfscended the throne of Ireland, 
file Milesians covered their dead with great heaps of stones or 
day. Aireamhy in the Irish language, signifies a grave, and was . 
bonfinred as a second name- upon this prince, because he introduced 
the more approved mode of burial, adherence to which has since 

A.D. 122. Cathaoir More, sumamed the Great, descended 
fircmi Heremon, succeeded to the monarchy of Ireland. He be- 
queathed his kingdom of Leinster to his son Rosa Failge. From 
Fiachadh Baiceada, one of the nine sons of the aforesaid Cathaoir, 
descended the princely families of Mac Morroogh Kavanagh, fm* 
fluently kings of Leinster, of O'Toole, some time monarchs of 
iOiat province, of Byrne, in Irish (y Brain, lords of Wicldow for 
a considerable period ; likewise fi^nn the same monarch sprui^ilw 
noble fkmilies of Cinsealagb, of Rytm, in Irish ty RiaiJt, and ih 
some chronicles of Ireland it is called 0*Maoilriany of O'Duffy, 
Murphy, and others.^ Some fiirther remarks on this subject, by 
Doctor Keating, will be fi>und in the Appendix. (2) 

Con, called of tiie Hundred Battles, ascended the throne of 
Ireland in &e year 125, or as stated by others, 153. In his reign 
was confirmed, or instituted, a division <^ the kingdom into two 
parts. The kingdom of Leinster extended from Inl^er Colpa, now 
c ailed Drogheda, to the confluence of the Suir, Nore, and Barrow. 
It consisted of thirty-one territories, nine hundred and tMrty towns 
or viSages, and eleven ^ousand seven hundred and sixty plo^h- 
lands. The royal palaces in Leinster, at the period, were those of 
^fiinrigh and tte Naas. Keating (correcting Stanikurst) states 

• O'HaUorta. IBst. I?, f Keattag, p. 30^. { Keating, p. 325. 


lhi^Da7«S]aiiy, Deen-re«y orDinrigh, was.BOcidled from 9fauiyv.. 
One of the kbgs of Leinster, and was situate on the western bank, 
of the Barrowy hetvi^een Carlow and Leigfalin ; in which fortified 
palace he resided and died.* We are not aware that any traces of 
this structure now remain : however, this cannot a£fect the credibility 
of its having once existed, as we know that of fortresses inhabited 
in this county only twQ centuries since, not a vestige is now to be 
teen. That of Clonmullen (of which more anon) is an instance. — 
It was perhaps at this period that the principality of Hy Kinselagh 
was exactly defined ; of which Uy Cabanagh and Hy Drone formed 
the northern portion. 

The country was reduced to great misery in the two hundred 
and thirteenth year of the christian era, by the scarcity of provi- 
sions, and other distressing circumstances. The pebple of Deicies, 
suffering under Aese calamities, consulted the most eminent Druids, 
as to the future hopes of the land; stating, that should their pros- 
pects here be gloomy, they would remove to a more propitious 
region. The priests exhorted them to remain, and apply to Eana 
Cinnsealach for his daughter, Eithne, whose husband should prove 
most favourable to the people of Deicies, Eana granted their 
request, ^^^ ^^^ daughter was allied, by the people of Deicies, to 
Aongus, son of the king of Munster. A considerable period after- 
wards, Eneas and this lady Eithne were slain by the people of 
Leinster in the battle of Ceallosnadh, four miles eastward of 
Jjaithglin, or Leighlin.f — We cannot avoid here deploring the 
melancholy recurrence of scenes of strife and bloodshed, commo- 
tion and contention, by which the Irish annals are disfigured. 

Niall, of the Nine Hostages^ succeeded to the throne of Ire- 
land, A.D. 375. He was descended frpm Heremon, and reigned 
twenty-seven years. During his government, a very singular 
occurrence took place within the dish-ict on whose history we are 
engaged. We shall relate it with as much brevity as may be con- 
sistent with a due regard to perspicuity. 

It seems that the ambitious feelings of Eochaidh, son of Eana 
Cinselach, prompted him to reside at Tara, as monarch of the 
kingdom, in express opposition to the command of Niall, the 
rightful sovereign. .The former was reprimanded for his unjustifia- 
h\e conduct by a Druid of eminence, which caused him to withdraw 
fi-om Tara and relinquish his pretensions to the crown. Niall im- 
mediately established himself in the royal palace, to which he had 
a legitimate right, and ultimately, Eochaidh was obliged to fiy to 
Scotland. Previously, however, to his forced departure, an ua- 
toward event happened, which further incensed the sovereign against 
him. Having visited the house of Laidhgin, the son ot Bairceadha, 
a Druid in great favour with the king of Ireland, he met with some 
reproaches from him, whereupon he attacked liaidhgin and killed 
him on the spot. The father was greatly enraged at this deed, 
and hastened to lay his case before Niall, who engaged to revenga 
the death of Laidhgin on the prince and people of Leinster.^ 

^ Kesting, Prsf. f Ibid. t>. SIO, . 

"' >hd[Y «Kp^)tidli«fy ]^r^^]^ a)i armf, tod; itibiriftttnieer^I^iKis 
|>f«te^» ra^kjg^ LeSite^M' atld nib^W didh^^s^its ititiaa^finlo; 
The Druid, pityiiig»tbdi&kk)cenl, wbb ^^uts dt^^d fek' the |^k^; 
iimpoM(itx^'6faiic!tai1 iMiBtn pi^vided Eddh^ #;^ d'^F^^red 
Whld hmidsar; TH^ |)^e| rMtt^hl td m lifet iiift^rtyy r^^.' 
InetauHy^'ftOdeiM: tb^e pfc^i^ ihd plaiMd fh^'pirii&^e" rt tfte'dlR-- 

retebffiF oft hid f rii^oiie^^ ^aiiti^ hii^ to bb cHaiiied' t(y f^ largb trp* 
HghtMmMfry Wi^ th6 ti^ 6^ exp6«iftgfhim ti5 all l^e pahis o^ d' 
Ut^^itog d)SA&. The ahrortunftle prfnce wad com>d1ed tb' ttlfiti^ 
tain one )M^Ciito, w4tk M¥ back to th^ stobi^, and dul^ct tb' ^e 
gtilitigw«igh^bf'tfefe irohchaih; butaft^ som^^time^ thb fMrui^ 
re&o)^ dtt^ depriving him of existeh^e by d thbi^ duniiiikry prcM!C«s8j 
For l^ife^^i^iiM^e^ hi^ot-ckred riitie soldierffCo syH^I^!|kinr; not b^n^ 
#ithd!it'd vraJl-g^Unded apprehension that Eoetiijdh, being pddse^e^ 
6f gi^t br&very ^d sttiengtby Would ihake fot^lddble r^sfetance; 
Noi» v^BB he mistlikeh. Reodei^ed desperate by' the approaeK of hte 
^jteeatibnei^y i^e prince made a super-human effort' to obtJaiti hisf 
ftb^^fy^ in \<rhi<ih he succeeded by forcing one of the rivets of the 
(^hain by' which he was confined. He immediatdy attacked' th^ sol* 
tSiere, ^>os«e^ed hftnself of arms, slew some of them, and' finally 
^flfected tiig escapfe to Scotland, as already noticed.* Doctor Kea- 
tfiilf sCal^,' that the stone tb which Eochaidh was chained, might 
be-seeB Hi hls'tihie, ^'onthe west side of the Slainey, between 
CfS Brighde rfnd TttUach O^FeidhVin:' This is not correct, as 
thfistdtie lies sottth of T^llac/i 0*Feidhlin, or Tullow, and not 
between it and Cill Brighde or Celbridge. A full description of 
\a may be found in a subsequent chapter • ' 

W^ have now arrived at the era of a most important evieht in 
!be history of ttits country ; one which must materially afiept* the 
hesft iirterlsfe oTthe people of any peHod or nation. Wq allude 
tolherev^lntioh lA religion whidi occurred in the fifth century in 
If^fand. The system which prjpviously prevailed was tliat of the 
Drains; the chief feature of it being, a belief in the itnmortality 
^d- transmigrt^on of the soul, after the notions of Pythagoras. 
They cohceiv^i that on death the ihimbrtal spirit passed from the 
defhiftft^to'a living being, and was thus continued for a series of 
agesr, tall it became sufficiently purified to return to the great ■ourde 
firoita whence it emanated. It was further understood, that the 
ttan smi gmtldn took place among beings*of like qualities ; thus the 
soul of the noble, brave, or generous, preservtfid a' strict coftsjs- 
teocy of habitation, as did that of those characterisecl by opposite 
qttdBMes of ai' vicious natiirfe. This system, howeyer, ttioug!) ap- 
pabeiitty calculated to regulate the passions, did riot produce that 
reet&i ; fbr, the admjratioii of ariibition, the love of glory, andf 
thirst for revenge were frequent themes of the bards and annalists,' 
whp' were among the officials or dispeiisators of this ijeligion! 
Tl©»e 'fHio iififed to indtxige in these paisions courd'hdfi^ for no 


'«ilogiiaffl from Ae bards, no flatteriog notice from t|M-«MBiliitr of 
the coimiiy. llie consequence .{was suck as might be eacpeetedi 
scenes of strife^ of contentioD, -and of bloodshed* 

A new scene, kowever, opened upcm Iretand by tke introdttotioB 
of Chrisdanil^ ; a religion in^ilcating tea^ts the vc^ reverse €i 
those of 4he system which it supplanted. Patience, forbeaninoe^ 
forgiveness of injuries, contempt of this worid, were the princi* 
pies now inculcated ; and the alteration effected was very consider- 
able* It could not be expected that the passions inherent in 
human, nature, passions which were fostered by the Druid system^ 
would be. eradicated by the mild doctrines of Chrktianity. They 
might however be checked or -softened ; and such was die result 
though not in so great a degree ^as might be desired by the humane 
or patriotic. Jarring interests, the love of power, the soarings of 
anubition, continued to prevail. The pUlosopher must ever regret 
the result thus produced in early days, while he-eamrat shut hi» 
-eyes to the fact, that even our own times present a very indifferent 
-exemplification of the behes.ts of the religion of Christ Human, 
nature;, indeed, seems to be pretty much the same in all days and 
in all countries ; modified, (too slightly, however), by varieties o£ 
religion* Similar passions, and similar effects are observable 
whether we peruse the history of the Jews, the Persians, the. 
Greeks, the Romans, the Mahometans, or of the modem Europeans. 
It can Iherefore hardly be matter of wonder, that the heath^i Irish, 
and their Christian successors should not afford any remarkable 
contrast in the materials presented to the historian of their com- 
mon country. 

Some historians assert, that the Christian religion found footing 
here immediately after the preaching of the apostles* They say 
further, that missionaries not only preached, but founded churchea 
here in the fourth century. It was, however, reserved to the 
fifth to become the era of any great or universal reception of Chris* 
tianity in Ireland. We are told by the venerable Bede, that *^ in 
theejghth year of the reign of the emperor Theodosius, (A.D. 431 ), 
Palladius was sent by Celestine, bishop of the Roman church, to. 
ihe Scots (Irish) believing in Christ, to be their first bishop."^ 
He was attended by twelve Irish missionaries, but his success was 
small, and after a sojourn of the brief space of three mon^,. 
he retired to Britain, where he died. Cdestine lost no time in 
lookingp for a successor, when the merits of Patrick pointed him 
out as a person highly eligible to the office of missionary to tiie 
Irish* When he reached the scene of his future labours, (in 432), 
he found that the number of Christian teachers and disciples was 
considerable. He conciliated them by the mildness of his deport* 
ment,and had great success in making converts among the princes, 
nobility, and chief persons, to whom his attention was first durected ; 
most of whom in a few years he reckoned as members of ^ hie. 
flock. He seems to have first visited, Meath, (which comprehended 

•FlsoT, Hist. Ecdes. p. 4S3. 

«r TM couKTT or cxnion. 9t 

WcntaieaA and Hke pMsent MeatE), and baving made satii&ctory 
pragreaa th^re, tcaversed sacoMBLTdy the presenicoanty of Wicl&- 
iow, Magbliffe now oidled Kildere, heiXf apart of tbe Queen's 
eoiinty> and thence to the hoose of hia friend the poet Dubtach^ 
who re&ided in Hy-KinaeUagb» otherwise the preaent county ef 
,Carkmr« .Anxious to^ increase ikm number of his-miesionaciee, St 
Patrick aaked Dubtodh^if there waa any individual in the^-distrid 
^ted to the office. I'he latter replied that he had a disciple named 
•FieA, whom he thought highly qualified for the appomtment, 
Fiedh was akeady a convert to Christianity, (A.D. 444), and St» 
Patrick feeling satisfied of his fitness for the clerical profession, 
supplied him with the means of prosecuting hie studies, in whict 
he made rapid progress.. He became a bmbop^ after the lapse of 
sooie timef.and«wafr the first Leinster man raised tathev dignity* 
Some sa3i( that Fieeh superintended a monastery, .called Domnachr« 
Fiech>» stated to be situated on the east of the Barrow, county of 
Caiiew. tjt. Patrick, we are told, met with zealous assistance 
from Crimtiian, son of Enda Kinsellagh, king of Hy Kinsellagfa^ 
who, although oj^osed to Fiecb,.is classed among the most pious 
princes of his time, and stated ta have been the founder of many 
churches. To Ossory, . the apostle of Ireland next directed his 
steps, which being beyond our limits cannot be here alluded to more 
particularly. St. Patnck died on the seventeenth day of Marcb^ 
A.D. 493, aged 12i years,, having governed the Irish church du^ 
ring the latter half of a very active and laborious life.* 

Cunden bears testimony to the great progress of the Irish in 
literaUure during the fifth century. 

It is well worthy of notice, in this place, thai archbishop Usher 
shows, firom the writings of ancient authors of this and-otlier coun- 
Isies, that the doctrines taught by St Patrick differed very trivially 
firom those now inculcated by Protestant churches, while they vary 
materially firom the tenets of the church of Rome at the present 
day. Harris gives a summary of Usher's work on this important 
subject. To enter here upon any theological controversy, would 
be (^pposed to< propriety and our own inclination. 

A.D. 450. About this time, a noble monastery was fi)unded in 
the territory of Idrone, now a barony in this county. The founder 
is said to Imve been St. Fortcheam, who was smith to St. Patrickb 
The monastery was called Kilfbrtcheam.f No trace of it now 
semcdns. Among the monasteries founded by St. Patrick was that 
of Galen, in the district now styled the county, of Carlow.:]: 

Brewer§ and others state, that an abbey was erected by Slw 
Kieran near Carlow about 634 ;|) the former tells us, that-it stood 

•Uaber, Harris, O 'Halloran,&c . Led wich has gone so fiir as to queatioii'the 
existence of St. Patrick ; but tee really cannot see what advantage can accrse 
'from ttojs flying in tiie face of incontrovertible evidence; evidence, Protestanit 
as well as Catholic. A good causerequirea not the aid of audi defei\ce, snd 
> bad one would not be betteted by it. 

t Archdall, Monas. Hiber. } 0*HaIloran, b« vii* c«(^* 

§ Btauties of Ireland, voU i. U Guttuit* 

SB nmoBY and Annwnim' 

upon tfaa ground now occupied by the Mat ci|lM Vieifmounl, mil 
itiat three towers of iihf abbey were standing about seirenty yMi0 
since. He further informs us, that at Hie period of die asippressioa 
of religious houses^ it was granted to tiie earl of Thomood, This 
«iay be very correct, but it is certainly not borne out in all Its parte 
by jWare, one of tbe highest authorki^. Me states Bt. Kieran'a 
abbey te have been situate in the Kwg*B conntyy and not>the ooun* 
ty of Carlow. However, we are not prepared to contradict Brew^ 
er's representation as to the ruins of an abb^'beiog iD.eodatence 
jat the time and place he mentions ; particularly as CHaUovaii 
states, in express terms, that, ^<the first' monastery of females on 
record in Ireland is that of KiU-Liadan, in tbe county of CatUm, 
£[>unded by St. Kieran, before the arrival of St. Patrick."'^' if 
liebre the arrival of St. Patrick, Mr. Guthrie must have made a 
mistake of at least two centuries, as to th^ date of the ^pundatioii 
of this structure. Lanigan agrees with O'Halloran in some par^ 
itculars ; but he says, that there can be no doubt St. Kieran, of 
Saigir, as he calls him, belonged to the sixth century, «id became 
first bishop of Ossory about AtD. 538. Ho further informs us, 
tbat St. Kieran established a. nunnery in the neighbourhood, (a 
rather vague phrase), ^f for his mother Liadania and some pious 
virgins her companions, whence the name KilMadhun which the 
church obtained." He died on the 5th of March, a day on which, 
we ace assured, his memory has been particularly revered in the 
diocese of Ossory. Such are tbe materials we have been enabled 
to collect on the subject of this abbey ; a house which existed we 
have little doubt, but the period of whose establighment remains 
matter of conjecture. 

AiD. 587. This year Husfh Slaine seized upon the government. 
He was bom on the banks of the Slaney, and thus obtained his 


The seventh century seems to have been a period at whicih the 
religious zeal of the Irish had arrived at a very high pitch ; churches, 
abbeys, and other religious structures accordingly multiplied, and, 
were we to judge by this circumstance alone, we should say that 
Ireland weU merited the title of *^ the island of saints," A;Dd yet 
this would be, on a full view of the matter, an unjust judgiqent ; 
as a brief notice of the civil events of the country will amply show. 
A.D. 600, Aodh was elected monarch of Ireland. Durmg his 
.reign, two *^ bloody battles" were fought, in the last of which he 
was killed, which concluded a reign of but seven years. Maolco- 
bha succeeded, and as some state, fell, at the end of three years, by 
the sword of his successor, Suibhre-Mean, who was elected in 6 10* 
Daniel, brother of Maolcobha, in a " bloody battle" for the crown, 
was victorious, and slew Suibhre, whom he succeeded, A.D. 623. 
There was no bloodshed during the reign of Daniel, which pro- 
bably arose from the circumstance that for eighteen months of his 
reign he was confined to his bed. Conall succeeded. *^ A great 

? Hist. Ir. b. f ii. c. 6, t Keating. 

of Aift tbihitr M CA^i^w. tft 

MM - i«te Ibttglit duriag Ins tdgn» foR^m^ liy ttidlier in Whfdl 
CJiMHtR WHB slain. Dearmod and Dlathmac mieceeded as monlirGb^. 
An inf a^oB Ivas made itom Britain^ wbeH tb« inirader and alteost 
tte whole of hii army were *^ pat to lihe ffword." Seachnasach 
aaeceed^y A.D. 009. The Pictb invaded Ukter, when a ** bloody 
battkr'^ was fougfaty and they were expelled. Seacfmasacb fen lif 
Ihe fiWordy and was succeeded by bis brother, Ceanfoaladb. His 
«ncce88or detemuned to detiirone him. 1 Vo armies met ; " the 
daughter was dreadful on both sides/' Ceanfoaiadh was killed 
hf his oppooenty wfaidi ended the contest. Accordingty, 
is -678, Fionaghta was proclaimed king. He fought ** a great 
Ibatye/' near KeHs with the people of Leinster, and finally fell in 
aetioil after a torbolent reign of twenty years, which brings us tQ 
the conclusion of the seYenth century. This outline, (which, by 
ike way, includes very neaily all of which general history iniforms 
ns), speaks so completely for itsdf as, to ihe state of Ireland at 
the period, &at to dwc^ a moment on the matter would be equally 
usfjeasant and superfluous. 

The r^ecting mind cannot fell to' observe the striking analogy 
between ihose times and the present. Now, as then, while one 
part of the' population is busily engaged in the erection of chapels, 
monastoies, and nunneries, another is fi*eely indulging in blood- 
shed aind spoliation. A state of things, whidi is about to induce h 
fittspensioii (we hope a temporary one) of the constitution in Tire- 

The history of our county during the seventh century has gome 
interest. In A. D. 616, St. Gobban founded a celebrated abbey 
at Old Leighlin. This year, <« the blessed Moel Patrick and 
Manganos, the blessed Anachorite," suffered martyrdom atthesam^ 

About the year 630, a synod of the clergy was heW in St. Gob- 
ban's abbey at Old Leighlin, to debate on the proper time for the 
celebration of Easter.f Some discrepancy' had arisen between the 
Irish and the Roman calculation on the subject, and Pope Hono- 
riue the first, desirous of bringing the clergy of tbis country into an 
uniformity of discipline with his own, had addressed the Irish by 
letter on tbe subject. He exhorted them " to reflect, how few 
they were in number compared to the rest of the world, and that 
they, who were placed in the extreme bounds of the earth, should 
not consider themselves as wiser than all the ancient and modem 
dimrcfaes of Christ ; and that they should not presume to celebrate 
a di^erent Easter from the rest of the churches, contrary to the 
paschal calculation and synodal decrees of the whole world."$ 
This 4ocnlBent evinces, pretty clearly, the tone of authority as- 
6i]^ed by the bishop of Rome, at a very early period ; and must, 
^sttiredly, strike al), as containing an unjustifiable degree of arro- 
gance, coming, as it did, from a person who had no eardily or 
heavenly authority, whatever, to dictate to the Irish people on either 

* Monait. Hib. f Monast. Hiber. t Bede. Eccles. Hist. lib. ii. c. 19. 


•piritual or temporal afiiiirB^ This was the view taken, at least ib 
effect, by many of the Irish, elergy, as will be seen io the tequdL 
It will be proper here to fuiiush some account ol the nature of 
the question which had arisen as to the celebration of Easter. 
The Irish church, we learn, had from its original formation adopted 
a cycle of eighty-four years,, and its paschal computation was the 
;8ame as the British church when Augustin. was in Britain. It was 
different from the Alexandrian method and n^iy agreed with the 
old one of the Remans^. Owing ta the inaccuracy of the cyde of 
eighty-four years which prevailed at Rome, an egregious ecror had 
fallen into the Roman mode of calculating the days of the month* 
In the early part of the fifth century,, it had increased to a miscal- 
culation of two days^ The first day being termed the third,, and 
the fourteenth the sixteenth. Sulpicius Severus corrected this error 
by naming the latter the fourteenth ; which reformed cycle and its 
rules, St. Patrick brought to Ireland, where it was observed till the 
arrival of the Roman missionaries in Britain, who considered the 
celebration of Easter by the Britons and Irish a heresy. Some 
auth<Mities state, that the Irish merely adhered to the custom of 
their ancestors, in this matter, and that they had derived their 
rule from the Eastern churches.* However, many parts of the 
south of Ireland had altered their time of celebrating Easter to that 
of the church of Rome, while the rest of the kingdom adhered to 
the ancient traditions on the subject. Matters were in this position 
when the letter of Pope Honorius arrived, A. D. 630. A synod 
was convened, in pursuance of this letter,, and the wishes of several 
of the clergy, at St. Gobban's abbey of 01dLeighlin,t (anciently 
called Lethgliny or Vrhitefield)^ which was attended by the heads 
of most of the religious houses then existing in Ireland. St. Lase- 
rian, who, it is supposed, was the bearer of the letter of Honorius^ 
advocated the system of Rome, and was vehemently opposed by 
St Fintan Munnu of Taghmon.. The. majority of tiie higher 
clergy seemed in favour of the view taken by Laserian, but, it is 
stated, that an individual, perhaps St. Fintan, here interfered and 
by intrigue rendered of no effect what had been already arranged. 
As a final remedy, it was proposed that a deputation should be sent 
to Rome, in order, by personal inquiry and observation, to ascer* 
tain the general opinion on this important question. On arrival at 
the ancient city, tiie deputies beheld people from many countries 
manifesting an approval of the Roman system ; and, at the end of 
three years, they returned to Ireland, when they declared, that 
the rite sanctioned by Pope Honorius was that universally received. 
On the arrival of this information, the new system met with no 
further opposition in the southern division of Ireland, which included 
Munster and the greatest part of Leinster and Connaught Curioua 
particulars regarding this celebrated controversy will be found in 
the appendix. (3) 

* Lanigan and otliers lure at issue on thii point, t Monast. Hiher. 


Qf mr omHTt or oAmi^oir. M 

Some tedotat of fhe persons virho took a leading pert in the 
e^upteent of the question, will be appropriate b this place, parti* 
colarly as they were connected in other ways with the history of 
Oar district. 

And first 6f St. Lsserian, called otherwise Melissa. He wasi 
it is stated, son of. Cairel, a nobleman of Ulster, and of Gernma^ 
daughter of Aidan, king of the British Scots. The time of hie 
birth remains unknown ; and of the early part of his life we have 
little or no account. One writer places him as a disciple of St. 
Fintan Munnu, while another says he was scholar to an abbot 
Mnrin. When arrived at maturity, he travelled to Home, where 
he s(^umed fourteen years. There, we learn, he was ordained 
priest by Gregory the Great, and shortly afterwards returned to 
Irdand. About the yaer 630, he again vi^ted Rome, probably aS 
head of the deputation, sent by the chiefs of the southern clergy 
after the synod of Leighlin, when Pope Honbrius !• ciyisecratsd 
him bishop. Subsequently to his return to Ireland, A.D. 632, he 
succeeded St. Gobban as abbot of Old Leighlin, and founded a 
bislM^c there.*. A town of considerable extent was soipn raised 
en ihe spot. Previously to his death, which occurred oa the 
18tk of April, 639,t he was a chief instrument in finally settling 
die question t>f Easter, in the south of Ireland. He was buried 
in the cathedral, which he himself had caused to be erected. 

Fintan Munnu or Munna, the chief opponent of Laserian, 
bdonged to the Niall family, and was son of Tulcan and Feidelmia. 
It seems probable that he was a native of the north of Ireland. 
It is stated, that he was first placed at the school of Bangor under 
St Commill, and to have subsequently studied in the school of 
KiknoreDeathril, governed by Columbkill before his departure firom 
Ireland. He afterwards went as a disciple to Hy, from whence he 
tetumed to Ireland in 597. It is very probable, that soon after 
his arrival he founded the monastery called after his name Teach* 
munnu, the house of Munnu, now Taghmon, in the county of Wex- 
ferd. He is stated to have founded other monasteries. His death 
took place shortly after the controversy at Old Leighlin, before 
whidi he gave in his concurrence to the prevailing opinions on the 
snbject. St. Fintan died on the 21st of October, 635.$ 

Comian or Cumene (he white, abbot of Hy, was bom in the 
t e rrit ory of Tyrconnel, now the county of Donegal, and traced 
his descent to the princes of that country. On the occasion of the 
great question as to the celebration of Easter, Cumian continued 
for a time neuter in the dispute, until he had first made himself ac- 
ciDatdY acquainted with all the bearings of the case. After a 
year's investigation, he was one of those who persuaded the bishops* 
and abbots to assemble a synod at Leighlin, in order to decide the 
point . He favoured the Roman system, for which he was violent- 
ly rqiroved by the monks of Hy, as a deserter from tiie tradi* 
£tions of his ancestors, and a heretic. He wrote thus to Sege- 
nius on the subject : ** I beseech you consider this carefoUy, that 

* Monsst. Htb. Ware. f Lsnign. I Luugaa, Eccl«t. Hitt. 

26 antroKr 'AVB ^Mfmoimai,^ 

yon mKf paprdcm id9 ^ ' or tbat «i<iier in woiiis ^x- wHukaff yoa: iBfty 
ufbrmmj upierBtaHdiag by more eogant i«pBOii</ 2f jmi^ hftvo 
tiiem» tatiabmceitheaibersiijileef tboqti^ and 1 "vfii dinttfc' 
fully repel ve tbem as I bave done tbis. But if you bave tia snoll 
pansm to offer, be fileai, and do Mt' oaH na beretics/^ ArtUbifbop 
Paber f ublisbed ^ work of bia eadbe paaobaT condriyversjf, wbidi 
IB coBsidirnad a learned perfbcmaacesi Me aftervaaitla goreraed tbisr 
abbfy of Hy twelVa years^. wbero bis loamtng and snetity vreti 
beld in 8ii|Bb bigb esteem, tiiat tbe ftirioiiB indigilation ^ tba moiftii 
toon faded away. He died according to IJsber in M8. 

latba year 632, St. MoHngcAt MuUin fbunded a monasleiy at 
Agbacainid, since called Teighmolin or St, Mollin'a bouse, 'esA 
now bearing t&e name of St MuHiss. ArebdaH fixes tbe tima of 
the erection of tbis structure as above, while others say, It was 
about the middle of the seventh century. The discrepancy herein 
but smalU St. Moling is said to bave been otherwise called Dttyr-^ 
cAelL He was a native of Hy KInsellagb, and seventh in descent 
from a brother of Crimthan-cas, the first Idng of Letnster who w* 
eeived the Christian faith»* He governed his monastery many 
yeani, sojourning occasionally at Glendatougb, until 691, wheti 
be was consecrated bishop of Ferns. He was styled arebbiebop 
of Ferns, as the right of precedency which king Braudulb bad ob-> 
tained for that see still continued in force. He succeeded in in^ 
ducing Finnacta, monarch of Ireland, to remit the heavy tribute 
of oxen, with which the province of Leinster had been burdened 
fbr a considerable time. It is said, that St. Moling made sbnie 
remarkable prophecies relative to the kings and affairs of Ireland v 
He died on the 17th of June, 697, and was buried in bis own 
monastery .t St. MoMng has been esteemed one of' the principle 
saints: of Leinster. 

In the year 639, St. Gobban, founder of the abbey of Old 
Leisblin, departed this life ; and the same year the abbot Delasse 
McWinge of that abbey died, " ' 

St Dagan was a warm partisan of St. Fintan at the debate 
touching Easter. Bede alludes to him, and Bale says, that he 
wrote, " x\d BritannoTum Ecclesias, lib. i" 

An abbey was founded at a place called Achadfinglass or Athad-: 
arglaes, near Leighlin, on the east of the river Barrow, in the dis- 
trict of Idrone; but the date of its erection is not* clearly defined. 
Archdall says, that St. Fintan was one of its abbots and that bo 
died on the 17th of February, before the sixth century. $ Now it 
is to be regretted, that the learned writer was not more precise, as 
l^ere were several saints named Fintan ; one of whom was eH-' 
-gaged, as has been just noticed, in the controversy respecting the' 
celebration of Easter. From other accounts we learn, that Stv 
Fintan of Clonenagh, in the present' Queen's oottttty, died on^tbe 
I7tb of February ; but be departed this life about the end df the^ 

• The Kavansgh pedigree, hy Sir W. Betham. f Monast, Hib. * 

t Monast. Hib. p. 35. Load. ed« 4to. 

MB dBiidid M by AiieluMl, aot mriy ffda tibe eoncortteiiear of Hw 
d^ of deettu^ bat from ttie gmnd aimiiiidn tiMi Me Iwd !>»• 
om&md tetMioantf wUh ttie iMw^ 4f AohiuUl«|ckfli. Arahdatt 
bMi, Aiit St. Jkidwm timfMm kero^ bat the ch^eiickHMfcb 
IHi feelii^ kM been held <Ni tbe 1 l4li of April. 

A bfiif Mtieeef ibe Kfrof tt. FaiMa of Chmenagb wiH be«p. 
Uiito « tiifie f ktfe. He wae bom ewer Rosi^ut th^kuigdoai of 
LMeDer) end tre« ten of Gebbeu end Findeilbi bolii Cfatietieae. 
We em 4oy » fM ott Oe eigbA dtey efter faie bh^ he wiM bqit^ 
Of Ito yeer of hie birtk ire are i^reet; but tbei« can be «a 
dodiil U4weiH«ede lew yeinr siibeequeiitly to tbe year 520. II« 
weeedncated by tiie blei|fy ef hie iiei|fbboarhood» elid aftcrvraiditf 
pkMDedbjMJMlf under the guidatice mBt^ Cdutnbe, imderwhooi 
be'eMmtkitted wrtfl die eabK reeomidended him to eetabtieh Idmeelf 
etdoHinagii. Hm there (Aough still a young niatiy) laid the fymx* 
iaAm of a motia8tery» about A.D. 5^. The eetidiliflhiBeiit ebea 
galaed great ^elebtky, under hie guidance, and numbers fiom all 
parts of the kingdom became members of St Fintan's abbey. Th^ 
<Ke^&tey fiMBting, end other particulflmy wmm, we are iafenaed^ 
ea to e edifl gly serere. Braodubh, a hcdy Udhop frtm Hy Kinselli^^ 
is repreesHted aneeg Ae persene^desirous of adoaission to die house 
ef CleiieiMigh« For thie purpose he waited upon Fintaa at the 
akbcff ef Achadfinglase, where he was sojourning ; when thelatter 
reeeoHaended htm to remain at the abbey in which tiiey then were^ 
wkere Ike disdpttne did not partaiee of so much austerity as at 
ClonenAgh. Brandobh felloiiv«d the recommendation of Fmtaa on 
Ais matter.f It is s«id> that this saint not only prephesiedy but 
werked mimclee ; but dui degree of credence given to HIbm part of 
the aeeoonti ii^l depend on the <{uaiitum of faith proiessed by the 
individual. He died on the 17th of Pebniary, as befbre stated^ 
but Ike year is not meationed» 

A.D. 725. St.- Mauchin of Letiiglen or LeigUin, died this year t 
and in 7€7, ike abbot Emagh M^Ehyn^ of the same place, de* 
parted tysl^."^ 

The civil histery of Ireland during die eighth century is ex* 
Iremety meagre. The usual course of cemmolaibn} dissens|on"and 
carnage seems to have prevailed ; and the general historian has 
little miMre than the meianekoly task of detailing scenes and occur- 
mieei whieh afford smaM instrtf ction, and can never be productivo 
of satiefecdon. But alas ! tbe histery of mankind is little more 
tiian B bkck record of rivalry^ mafignity, devastation and blood.' 
It eppean that about A.D. 722, a war broke out between the ao^ 
narak of Irdand and &epe<^e of Leinster. An engagement was 
the oonee<pience, when the monarch, one hundred and sixty select 
ka^tB, cmd nmny thousand men were slain. In 7dd, aaoAer 
rupture ocemred in Ireland, ef which the <;aafle is not stated. 
However, a. <^ bloody battle" ensued, in which thopeoi^eef Mun- 

• Monast. Hib» f trfiiiifiui* 


star vaaqudittd tfaeir opfKMMnt^ tk»kiii^ofLeii»ter. Three yime^.> 
afterwards, tlie kii^ of Lreliuid declared war t^gainst die people of: 
Lttnster. A hattle Mowed, whenQie king of Leiaster, the choicest- 
sif his knights and nobility^ together with niae thousand of his best^ 
troops, were slain. In 743, a battle was faught betMreen the mo^ 
narch of Ireland and ihe kiBg of Ldnster. Aboat the same tisfta 
aa engagonent oecorred between the peo|^ of Mimster and those 
of Lonster, in which thd carnage was grea^ and a lakeMyosoiBg 
tiie field of battle coloured with the Mood* At the eoaclusion of 
this century, an unfortunate OTent occurred, which was attended 
with evil coosequeoces of long contiauanee to unhappy Irdand. 
This was the invasioii of the Danes and Norwegians, who^ under, 
the name of Ostmen, first inraded this island, anno 795. These^ 
ferocious people were mere purates, who infested maay oi the 
iiorthem nations of Europe at this period, and condaued a deadly 
scourge to the Irish for a space of .not less than three hundred 
and seyenty-seTen years, when the Englbh finally <jected them 
feom this islands We shall have frequent cause to notice thdr 

. It is stated, that about the early part of the eighth century, Pepin^ 
incestor to the French long of Ihat name, applied to the monarclL 
of Ireland for misskmaries to convert the pe<^le of Ireland ; and 
Mr. O'Halloran* is of opinion, that the revival of literature m. 
Europe is more properly to be ascribed to the Irish, Hhm to Ihe 
Arabians. He stated that universities were founded by Irishmen^ 
uadar the patronage of Charlemagne, who flourished aboat anuo. 
80.0. Regarding the arts and sciences, his account is quite as 
flattering. It only remains for us to express our regret, that lite- 
rature auod science had not th^r usual genial influence, and that 
Ihey &iled in seining the numners, allaying the commotions, or 
ohecking the turbulence of the ancient Irish. 

A.D. 836. This year one of the most formidable of the Danish 
leaders, named Turgesius, landed in Irdand, Leinster and most 
fiart of the remainder of the kingdom was ravaged by this furious 
leader and his attendant savages. The picture drawn of the mi- 
aery to which he reduced the Iriah, is dreadful in the extreme. 
He placed a governor in every cantredf of land, and a captain 
4n every territory of the kingdom. He selected an abbot for every 
church and monastery, fixed a petty officer in every village, and 
tbilleted one of his inferior followers in every house in the kingdom* 
A heavy tribute was likewise enforced on the subjugated Irish ; 
every householder was obliged, under severe penalties, to pay one 
<Hince of gcdd annually. The Danes were imbued with tiie true 
Gothic hatred of literature, and, .th^efore, resolved to suppress 
all colleges and schools in ike island ; the Insh were not permitted 
iQ have their children taught any portion of scholastic knowledge^ 
.and they destroyed all the books which came into their possession. 
The diurches were closed^ All poets, historians, professors - of 

f Hut. Ir, t A cantred contained thirty-tira townlands. 

ov:*m mtmn or ciniiow. 9ft 

itaa&if or forced inbo eoBceabiient. Nor did those men heritate to 
plnnder the dmrdies and numaetorieBi Hie plate and otiier traloablee 
tvf Dfluch llMy appropriated to their own uee. At length, after a 
liiightkig sway of tbrty yearsy Tiwgedue vna taken prisoner by 
Matachiey monarch of IrelaDd, and pot to death,* Thus ihe un* 
fortonate Irish obtained an interyid of peace, soon, faoumvery to 
he raffled, by x^raewed efforts of their iinplacafole tormentors, Hm 
Danes, to r^fatn their pewer and possessions in the islaad*^ 

ArefadaH states, that another ablk>t named Mauehin died in ^^ 
at Old Leighlin ; but, very probaMy, this is a person (of the same 
name) who was, aecordihg to Warett bishop of Leighlin, and 
<lied in 8d5» We have no record of the Ushops from Laserian to 
this periods 

In the year 864, the Danes ^Ikged Achadfinglass, then a rici 
Miej, the foundation of which has abeady been noticed.^ 

Dimgal^ abbot of Old LeigUin, died in 876. 

The year 908 was distmgiiished by a batde between the King 
^ Monster and the people of Letnster; the scene of which lay 
within die present county of Carlow. In 901 ,§. Cormao* Mae 
.Cnrlleiian was called to the throne of Manster. Daring his reign, 
we ase told, the island remained in tranquiUity, and bqfan to re^- 
coTer fixnn the dismal effects of intefnal dkoord and foreign invasion. 
Agricnlture received mmted attention. The churches and other 
refigkms booses underwent vepair or were rebuilt; most oi tbem 
liaviDg experienced Hkte sacrileffions devastations of the maraudii^ 
Danes. Learning i^ain raised its venerable head, seminaries were 
re-opened; and tke reign of Comnae might hi^e continoed many 
years, wi^ giory to himself and advantage to his subjects, had not 
evil eeonsel led him into a war littie justmable, it woold seem* in 
itself and fotal ia its consequences to the king of Muneten The 
pretence for the declaration of bostilities appears to have been, the 
revival of an old claim for tribute to which the people of Leinstsr 
formerly submitted, but which had not been demanded for nearly 
two centuries past. O'Halloran, however, on the authority of the 
book of Lecan, states this account to be incorrect and tliat tka 
real cause arose out of ih» forcible seixure of a monastery situate 
at Monaster Evin, by Cearbhml, tiie king of Leinster, on which 
the expelled monks solidted the aid of GormaCy in order to obtaiEi 
a restoration of their estabUshment.ll Be tMs as it may, we are 
anured, that the enterprise was not in accordance with the personal 
-vndMs of the king. In compliance, kowever, with the advice of 
his oooncil* and particidarly that of the Abbot of Inis Ca^a, or 
Scattery, he resolved to prosecute the war, for which purpose a 
aimierous army was forthwith called into action. He advanced 
towards Leinster, but before passing the boundaries of that terri^ 

* Kestina-O'HAUoran. t Works, vol. I. p. 46S. t Monast. Hiber« 
§ Keating say* A.D. 913, Imt Ware, O'HsHoran, andLftBigan are Rmong 
tile dissenters on tht point. f| . Hist. Jr. b^ x. c. 5. 

•0 . vmoftT AN9 Avn^omM 

oTMtagiN far Am same.* Thft tiag and aobilit^ of T liiiwlii 
{irotKMad a tnntyi la pnUr to tiie loti p f o eto ry odpiteMttt of ^ 
jqiuurd, Corinoc had ovary di^KXiitioyi to ai^ amicaUyi bat te 
vordoiitng abbot waa not to ba ao oairity appaosod ; hia inflnonoa 
j anad o iaipaied. The Idi^ gwre ord^ra to hk amy to maroh, A«D. 
008. They anftered the countty of the eaepyy and reaAad the 
hridgo of Letthgliot otherwiM Leighlin.t The aparo hovaea and 
bag^e ware, we are ti^, aent on befiarf , and a portkin of the 
dfSrgy waited at this bridge, tfll Cormac with hia people reached 
them. From hence tiiey marched, with great poaap and €axcom^ 
alance, to a place called Mach Ailfcie or Moyidbe, where they m^ 
eamped and entrenched theauielTea, expectiag the enemy. When 
the engagement approached, the king of Munster formed hie mea 
inteo^er of batde, and in three divisims; the king of Oiaeryand 
the abbpt Ma Jonmuinein commanded the first; Cormac* himself 
commanded the second, and the third was confided to the direction 
vi an ejq>erienced leader Mao MotUy, king of the Deicies. The 
adverse parties agreed, it is said, to fight tiie battle in the pkdas 
of Mach Ailbe, where the army of Munster lay encamped. These 
latter, however, b^;an to lose confidence before the engagement, 
ttwa accounts received of the gteat superiority in numbers, aa wcU 
JM discipline, of their opponents. 

The onset of the Leinster men decided the fate of the day. It 
was irresistible. The Munster troops fled almost immec^tdy ; 
when the havoc among them became drsadfiil. "Cormac, himself, 
many princea ai|d noUes, numbers of ofllcers, together witii m 
thousand of thur choicest troops, were reckoned among the slain. 
Thus ended the oax«er of Cormac Mao Cuillenan, who^ from the 
accounts that have reached us, certainly deserved a better Cite. 
*^ He was,'' says Ware, ** knowing in tiie Irish antiquities^ and 
writ the history called PfiUier (joahelJ* We have made enquiry 
fixr the precise situation of the place called Moyalbe or Mach Ailbe, 
but the name seems to have become obsolete. • O'Halloran and 
Lanigan state, that perhaps it was at Beallaoh Mogfana (now 
Ballymoon) that this battle was fought ; but it seems somewhat 
uncertain at which of the two places this remarkable event took 
place. No material uncertainty exists, however, as to ttie situation ; 
both positions mentioned, hixiag widiin the same district and at a 
short distance from each other. 

We aiw informed, that ttie conduct of the abbot of Inis Catfaa 
greafly incensed the clergy of Leinster, who attributed to huntiie 
war and bkK>dshed mdiich had oeconred. He had been taken 
prisoner at the engagement, and so long as the king of Lei n s t er 
lived was kept in close confinement, but on his decease Inis Cadm 
was enlazged. The monarch of Ireland, Flami Siona, espoused 
the cause of the king qf Leinster on the late occasion. 

* Kestingt p. 4^. f Kestuigrf— It w«i not till ctnturidi after thlf« that we 
read of the erectlon.of tha preseut Uitfgaat Iiei|MB \ hat poMibly it vai 
not the first placed there. 


T\ie ^ftriy part of fte tenth century iftts not arperiod of tinioiior 
teppinefls in Ireland ; prirate feuds and poUie contenttont Mng 
Iben rife in iSbis devoted land. Instead of combinhig, in order to 
]>resent a compact front and concentration of purpose to the common 
enemy, the Danes, the Irish people seemed resdved to follow tiie 
d i ct a te s of their selfish passions. Devoid of patriotic feding, and 
reckless of consequences, they appear to have been more bent upon 
rautuid sacrifice, than opposition to the rnthless invaders of tlie 
land. The natural result followed. The Danes continned their 
system of plunder, and Leighlin was among the places which, in 
916, was vinted by the marauders. 

' A«D. 933. This year Moylmartin O'Bkellan, the divinity 
lecturer of the abbey of Old Leighlin, paid the great debt of nature.* 

Condla Mac Dunecan, bishop of Leighlin, died in 943.t He 
is called, in the Irish annals, prince, as well as bishop, of Leighlin. 

In 951, the church of St. Mullins was jplundered by the Danes. 

Daniel, bishop of Leighlin,' died in 969. 

Leighlin was plundered by the pec^le of Ossory, in 978, and 
again in 9824 

The year 1002f was distinguished by being that on which, by 
the concurrent testimony of all historians, one of the most aUe 
and excellent of monarchs ascended the throne of Ireland. Brian 
Boroimhe, or Boru, (of the line of Heber), in this year was justly 
raised from the rank of provincial king of Munster to the higher one 
of sovereign of tiie island. To one who anxiously desires to present 
a fiivonrable picture of the country of his ancestors, who would 
fein represent it to tiie present and future times in a creditable 
light, mi1> who win not deviate firom strict truth in his narrative, 
an opportunity, such as the present, of noticing in fr^vourable terms 
^e conduct of an Irish monarch, is as an oasis in the desert, a 
spring- well in the waste. Unlike other leaders, who, so frir horn 

apposing the fi^ebooting Danes, absolutely formed alliances with 
em, Brien employed all his enlergies to bring them into subjection ; 
and his efibrts were crowned with deserved success.— Brien was, 
however, eventually slain in a great engagement with these people, 
at Clontar^ near Dublin, on the 23d of April, 1014, aged ac- 
cording to Ware 74, or, as stated by O' Flaherty, 80 years. || 

It was in this reign, that surnames were extensively introduced 
among the Irish. Brien perceived the confiision which arose from 
the indefinite nature of die former designations, and, in order to 
remedy the evil, passed a decree, that all the great frimilies should 
follow the name of some distinguished ancestor, having O, or Mac 
prefixed ; which would shew them to be descended from the person 
whose name they bore, as Q Brien, the son or descendant of Brien. 
This salutary custom had previously been partially in use, but 

* Monaat. Hiber. p. 36; f Ware, vol. i. p. 463. { Monaat Hiber, 
4 O'Fliiherty's Ogygia. Fart. iii. chap. xdi. |1 O'Halloran save Brien waa 
Dom in 926. If laua be correct, he muat have beem 88 when he fell. 
O'HaUorfui, hpYCTeri agrees witii Ware and O'Flaherty aft to the time of 
his death, 

8> ' HIMTGET AN0 AKTiqt7.lfIB» , 

unter the aiiS[M«w of Bora, it became general iadie Uand.* ft 

was not until about the same period^ that fnirnames appeared in 
iFrano^ England^ and Scodand. It should also be obsenred^ 
that under die paternal care of Brien Boru, the cities, towns^ 
churchesi and all public isBtitutioBSy revived from the abasement 
and decay into whiQh they were sui^ by previous commotion and 
neglect, Piety and peace, plenty and prosperity, we are told, 
i^bounded throughout the land. Even ^e savage Danes became 
fio much reformed 1^ the moral as well as physical treatment of 
Brien, combined with the exhortations of the clei^,. diat much 
progress viras made towards their final conversion to Christianity^ 
Witii the death of firieo, however, the country seemed to relapse 
into its former miserable state ei turbulence and dis<Mder. 

In the yemr 101 7^ Donagan, king of Leinster, with many (Mf 
his principal nobility, were barbarously murdered, at an- entertun*- 
ment, in the palace of Teige O'Ryan, king o£ Ondroua,t hj 
Donogh MacGiolla Patrick, prince of Ossory4 Malachie, the 
monarch of. Ireland, justly desirous of pumshing so atrocious an 
act, entered the territory of Patrick, whom he slew, with severd 
of his abettors, and then retired to Tara, bringing with him many 

Cleiric O'Muinic, bishop of Leighlin,. died in 1048.— In 1060^ 
the cathedral was totally consumed by ^re. We may fairly infer, 
from the frequent occurrence' of the destruction of buildings by 
fire, that previously to the arrival of the English, most of the 
edifices of the country were constructed of wood. Cox says, ia' 
express terms : *' The first pile of lime and stone that ever was 
in Ireland was the castle of Tnam^ built anno 1161,. by Roderie 
O'Connor, the monarch. *'§ Were this the frtct,. we could have no 
doubt, that the cathedral of Leighlin, a century previously to lljSl^ 
must have been constructed of wood; but the statement of Cox 
proves too much, as the mere mention of the round towers will 
amply manifest. We have, in short, abundant evidence, that 
stone buildings did exist in Ireland, anterior to 1161; but they 
were comparatively few in number. 

About A.D. 1060, the priory of St. Stephen, at Leighlin, was 
founded or endowed by Burchard, (thesonof Gurmund), a Danish 
commander. The lands of this priory were afterwards annexed 
to the deanery. Burchard was buried in the choir of the cathe- 
dral, under a marble monument, on which was placed his statue^ 
and underneath this inscription : 

"Hicjacethuraata8» dux fundator Lenis ; 
En Gormo&di Bocchardus, vir gratos ecclesisB."!! 

No appearance of either tomb or inscription is now discoverable. 
They might have been destroyed at the period of the fire just 

• Ware's Works, vol. ii. p. 61. t Now Idrone in the present Co. of Carlow. 
I Keating, Hist. Ir. p. 515. O'Halloran, Hist. Ir. b. xii. c. 2. 
§ ApparatiiSi Hist. Ir, || Monast. Hiber. p. 36. 

OFiTn 9Q0<tTT Of fiAKliOir. fli 

: F«(bc wiu»inior of St Stephfl^'s, but Hie ptecUe time -cannot 
be aecerUoned, 

A.D. 1113. Condla O'FIainy bubop of Leigblin, died tbia year. 
• A.D. )115« A general amvention of tbe dergy was summoned 
&is year, by Giolla Elasbuig, bisbop of liimerick; wbotbenheld 
tiie appointment of legate, and presided over tbe assembly. Among 
other tbings^.it was ordabed, that tbe soutbem balf of the island, 
called Leatb Modba, sboold bave twelve episcopal sees, and that 
the like number diould be constituted in Leatb Cumn, or tbe nor« 
tbem division. Tbe province *of Lexnster was divided into five 
bislu^iios, viz. : .KilcttHen, Laigblin or Leigblin, Kildare, Glen- 
dalodgfay and Wexford, otherwise named Feama.* 
. Arcbdall states, that in tbe year 1 138, tbe abbey of St. MuUine 
was destroyed ; I presume by fire. Tbe Augustinians obtmned a 
settlement here, and erected a bouse, the remains of whicb, we 
are told, continued at the end of the laftt century.f 
< A.D. 1144. Died, Sluagad O'Catan, bishop of Leighlin. 

About the year 1151, an abbey was founded at a place called 
Albaddy, witlun our county, for nuns of the order of St Augustin, 
by Dermod,the son of Murchad, king of Leinster. He appoint- 
ed it to be a cell to the nunnery of St Mary de Hoggis, in tbe 
dty of Dublin. 

A.D. 1152. Dungal O'Cellaic, otberwise O'CaoUaighe, bishop 
iA liUgblin, died. Tbe same year, on tbe 9th of Marcb^ a synod 
met at Kdls, in Meath, convened by cardinal Piqparo. The names 
of tbe prelates wbo attended tbis meeting, are handed down to us 
in tbe foUowii^ order: the bishop of Lismore, pope's legate; 
tbe primate of Ireland, archbishop of Tuam, bishop of Dublin, 
bisbop of Glendalough, DungaU O'CaoUaigb, bishop of LeigAitH,i. 
wbo died sbortly afterwards, as is above noticed. Judging firom 
tbe bigb place on the list, and the precedence given to Leighlin 
Cfver many others, it is clear, that its rank was great among tbe 
Irisb sees. The cbief business of tbe synod seems to have been, 
tbe creation of two additional arcbbishoprics ; Ulster and Munster 
only, baving heretofore possessed them. Tbe instructions of car* 
dinal Paparo from the pope, were to this effect ; but, we learn 
that the proposition met great opposition from tbe existing arcb- 
bishops, wbo apprebended a diminution of. their privileges and 
autlMMri^y, Their efforts, bowever, proved vam, .and tbe four 
arcbdioceses, Armagh, Dublin, Cashel and Tuam, with tbeir res* 
pective suffragans, were establisbed.$ Among the decrees of this 
council, was one in condemnation of usury ; and the cardinal 
conunanded, in virtue of apostolical authority, that tithes sbould 
be rendered to tbe clergy. || 

A.D. 1 158. Tbis year, Donat succeeded to the see of Leigh* 
lin ; as appears from the foundation charter of canons of the 
blessed Virgin at Ferns ; be being a subscribing witness to that 

* Keatbg, Hist. Ir. p. 520. f Monast. Hiber. p. 39. 

t Keat. Hist. Ir. p. 527. Keating incorrectly states the date of this 
synod to be 1157. f U'Halloran. HLantgan, Eccles. Hist, vol, iv. 

34 utammsr AVi^ ^^fT^qfomu • 

doeumftnt Oouil.nftuilt Ae ctAeini, yt/kii^ luul twitt detflMfed 
by fire. He died at Leighlin in 1 ] 85, and was buried in tiM <^«r(^ 
of ^t plac«.* A coMiAeivMe tpae# of tine intervenes between 
the period of hia deaib end the mention of llie next bishop, Billher 
the see reoudned vt^wfk, or the nnme e€ its oeevpatit has elnded 

in the year 1166, Rodeiie CyCoBner^ Itet Milesian nenaroh 
of IreUuid, aecended tlw throne. Durmg his eventftd reign; the 
EIngtish*(pOwer first hecane eslahli^ied in the ii^and, ^e Danee 
were expeUed, and the dominion of the native princes was redneed 
to a state of great insecttnty, to be followed, in time> by oon^dete 

It appears, that Dermot IVIac Morroagh, long of LetaiSter, the 
chief agent in effectitatiag this important revolntiony was a man/ 
on whose conduct no great share of eommendataon canbe'bestowed. 
The immediate cause of his disasters, as stated by some, was air 
unlawful passion whieh be entertained for Dearbhorgii, daughter to 
&e Icing of Meaih, and espoused to O'Rourke, prince of Brefny. 
A private correspondence subsisted between Dermot and Uie kidy> 
who encouraged him so far, as to intimate, in express terms, her 
wisb, that he should avail himself of the convenient absence of 
her husband, in order to secure the possession of her person. As 
might be expected, Mac Morrough instantly complied, and had 
the object of his irregular passion carried to the castle of Fems« 
We fiirther leani, that, on ^e discovery of the calamity which had 
be&Men lam, O'Rourke comnmnieated a statement of the affidr to 
Roderick O'Connor, who resolved on affording him instant aid in 
an expedition against the king of Leineter. The forces oi Roderic 
mardied into the ^strict of Uy Kinsellagh. Mac Morrough at- 
tempted to oppose their progress, but wi&out success ; be retired 
to his castle of Ferns and sh<xlly afterwards was obliged to fly to 
Bngland, A.D. 11^7. We are informed, that at this important 
crists, Mac Morrough found himsdf deserted by the nobiKty and 
milituy, so shocked were they at bis eonversation with ike wife of 
O^RouHce.f We, however, may v«ry fairly, and far morera'> 
tionally, conclude, that motives of political hatred and private 
pique were the true causes of this signal defelcatioa of the people 
of Mac Morrough ; and, indeed, ^f the invasion of the Irish 
princes. For, we find that Dermot had been heretofore a formi* 
dttble personage in Ireland. He invaded O'Neill and the king of 
Mea&, convpelling them to give hostages ; and O'Carrd!, another 
prince, had been necessitated to place his son in Dermot's hands 
as a pledge for his good beAiaviour.^ This selfeame king of 
Meath and O' Carroll were among the foremost in the subsequent 
crusade against Dermot ; and aH men can judge, how fiir we are 
justified in the inference, that these personages were spurred on 
dnefiy by a desire of revenge for public humiliations of no ordinary 
nature. Then, as regards the desertion of Mac Morrough by his 

• Ware. vol. i. f O'Halloran, J Regan. 


fttibjects ; a fiir more reasonable grounci for this opnducty than that 
already assigned, may be gathered from the fact, that he had been 
an oppressor of his people, and a cruel tyrant over his nobility »* 
who very naturally felt no great zeal in his service. These seem to be 
the unquestionable motives, by which the princes of Ireland and the 
people of Leinster were actuated on this momentous occasion ; and 
we can only express our regret, that O'Halloran, should have to 
fiir distorted the truth, as to place the matter in a very incorrect, 
tiiough perhaps a more creditable light Besides, he is not borne 
out in his representation by the general standard of morals in ancient 
Ireland ; for, independently of other matters, it is well known, that 
illegitimate birth was considered so venial, that persons thus 
situated enjoyed nearly all the prerogatives and advantages of 
legitimacy; bs O'Halloran himselff and many others testify. 

The designs of Henry II. king of Bngland, upon the kingdom 
of Ireland, had been entertained at a much earlier period than tiiat 
of which we are now treating » The dissensions by which the 
kingdom was torn asunder, the propinquity of its situation, and the 
jBuperior skill in arms of his followers, presented Ireland to him as 
an easy conquest. The more urgent affairs of England and France 
hBdy however, L^therto caused a postponement of his intentions, 
but now the opportunity seemed so inviting as to become irresistible. 
He had been further furnished with the authority of the church iof 
this OJi:peditioQ, as may be collected from the following 


^ Adrian tiie bishop, the servant of the servants of God, to his 
most dear son in Christ, the noble king of England, sendeth greet- 
ing, and apostolic benediction : Your n)agni£cence hath boen very 
careful and studious how you might enlarge the church of God 
here on earth, and increase the number of his saints and elect in 
h^ven ; in that^ as a gopd catholic king, you have and do, by ail 
pneaos, libocir and travail to enlai^e and increase God's church, 
by teaching ti^e ignorant people the true and christian religion, and 
in abolishing and rooting up the w^s of sin and wickedness. And 
wheran you hiive, and do crave, for your better furtherance, the 
help of tie apostolic see, wherein more speedily and discreetly you 
proceed, the better success^ we hope, God will send, for all they 
which of 9, fi?rvent zeal and Idve in religion do begin and enterprise 
any such thing, shafl,. no doubt, in the end, have a good and 
prosperous success. ' And as for Ireland, and |dl other islands 
where Christ is known, and the christian religion received, it is out 
of all doubt, and your excellency well knoweth, they do all apper- 
tain and belong to the right of Hi, Peter, and of the church of 
Rome, and we are so much the more ready, desirous ^nd willing tp 
sow Ae acceptable seed of God's word, because we know th^ 
f anje in the latter day will be most Sjeverely required at our hai^ds. 

• Giral. Cambren. t ^i* Ir. b. iv. c. 7. 


Ybfi luhro (dor well-beloved son in Christ) fdvcatised and signified 
rMo XMf Aat you wifl enter into the land and realm of Ireland ; 
to the end to bring tiiem to obedience unto law, and under your 
iraljedion, and to root out from among them their foul sins and 
triekiedb(^ ; as also to yield and pay yeariy out of every house, 
a jreaiiy ]pen6ion bf one penny to St. Peter, and besides, also vriU 
MMI and Infep the rites of these churches whole and inviolate. 
Wift fhei^lbre^ ^dl i^owing and favouring this you^ j^odly dispost- 
iL<ikt, Mi icbti^endable affection, dd accept, ratify asd assent unto 
9Sb your petition ; and do grant, that you (for the dilating of God'« 
IcIAii^h, the ^uhishment of sin, the rdbrmihg of mttiners, pkmtin{g 
of vittae, libd the increasing of christian religioa) do enter fe poe- 
ikn QiatfatKd, land there to execute according to your wisdom, 
whatsoever shall be for the honour of God, and the safety of ^e 
^reaTm. And forther, also, we do strictly <^ai^e and require, that 
kB the people of that land do with all humbleness, dtiitifulness and 
bbnouk*, ^receive and accept y6u as their liege lord and sovereign, 
reserving and ^cepting the right of holy church to be inviolably 
preserved ; aih also ^e yeariy pension of Peter-pence, out of every 
M^Kfe; y^fdh we require to be truly tosW^red to St. Peter atid t^ 
bhurdi of Rbm^. If ^ertfore ycu do mind to bring yottr goodly 
hxa^^^ \o eSex^y iehd^vour to travail %o tefbrm the people to%<Mfle 
t^tlter ^iMeriemd trade of M!^, tmd tihat ako by yourself, and by 
such others as you Bhafl 'Mok meet, true >nd honest in their life, 
manners and conversation, to the 'end the church of God may be 
beautified, the true (Atristian religion sowed and planted, and all 
other things done, that by any means shall or may be to God's 
liondiir, and salvation of men's souls, whereby you 'may in the end 
receive of God's hands the reward of everlasting life ; and also, in 
\he meJEiii time, and in this life, carry a glorious fame, and vti 
honoiintble report among all nations."* 

1[*his document was issued A. D. 1 156, There are two points in 
it worthy of particular notice. The first is, the characteristic as- 
sumption of authority manifested by pope Adrian, in bestowing k 
country upon Henry II., which was not his to bestow, and to the 
possession of which, he had not even a shadow of right. Th6 
second remarkable feature, consists in the care with which his 
^holiness reserved to himself the tribute unjustifiably called *' Peter- 
pence,'' but which, most assuredly, St. Peter, himself, had he 
Deen alive, would never have extorted. A worldly spirit bad, 
however, long previously crept into the church, atod wad fhst ad- 
vancing, in the twelfth century, to that high pitch which it after- 
wards attained. Of the existence of this spirit, th6 bull of pop^ 
Adrian contains abundant internal evidence. 

The proceedings of the king of Leinster, being intimately con- 
nected with the history of oiir district, it is proper that We "should 
trace them with somewhat of minuteness. 

On his journey to the court 6i the kuig of England, iDermot 

* Gir. Camb. 

Of ^n ^^viTT OF cAEiiqw. 37 

iRff a tfgn d ed by a soite of «ixfey fitilibiul ii^hiarfnto ', a)I of vkMs 
amyed wfidy in Bristol, where the roy^l ^iranger was' hospitably 
^tert^ined by Bobert Fitzhf^ding, at St A^8^i^^9 abbey* After 
a brief fta^ ther^ji be eraharke4 fiu* Aquitajlnf whepe Hei^ry then 

i)a appeared in the pree^c^ of his majesty (A.P* 1168) in 
humble attire, suited to his piresent fortunes; aud flM^iug at th<| 
king's feet, made au elo<}uent represent^tiQu of his case. I)e de* 
picted tb^ malice of the neigbbourkig Irish priuc^Si t^e trfsachery 
of lus pretended friends, and the rebellipp of his suljeots 91^ ^Ipw- . 
ing ternis ; he declared, that the fame of Henry's ma^ificence 
and generosity had been his inducement to caU on him for aaflQtfmce ; 
and concluded, by reminding his majesty, that the behest m^ri^ 
of an earthly potentate, consists in a disposition to relieve tfa^ dip- 
^reaaed and supj^ort tfie defenceless. The }ang^ however, beipf 
engaged in affairs of importance, could not aid h)pi perspi^Ily : 
but, moved to compasaioa by the forcible appeal of tierrx^ptf (and 
perhaps having ulterior yi/9ws in contemplatipp,) h^ ipade hiui tforge 
presets, and presented him with the feUowif^g letter patent, hayiii|^ 
first taken his oath of allegiance : 

^HvsnY, king of England, duke of Normandy and A^Mtain^ 
eail of Amou, &c. Unto all his subjects, EngKsh, Ncrtmims^ 
Welsh, and Scots, and all nations and people, being bis eiib- 
jects, greeting. 

whereas Dermot, prince of Leinster, most wrongfetty (as k# 
informetb) banished out of his own country, hath craved om: aid: 
tiierefore, forasmuch as we have received him into our proteetkniy 
grace and fiivpur, who soever within our realm, subject to ear 
commands, lyill aid and help him (whom we ha^e embraped- aa 
our trusty ^end) for the recovery of his hni^ let biffl be aseused 
of our favour aud licence in that behalf.'^ 

I£gUy gratiSed Bt the resoit pf hia intenri^, MacMorroiu^ 
fq»ired to Bristol, wibera he pvbUahed the kjmg's let^ repeatad% 
and made liberal oflbrs of veoBwmeration 1^ all who wiMild espous^ 
Jbia cauae at Ibe (^ewBttlt ^kiaptim. Tbp pepraoA whp seemiklmpi^ 
fiiFwsard to aaawt bua, aiidu|ppn iit4M>mhi8!^bi(afreUai^ce>vasplacedy 
was Bkbard^eari of Cb^stow,aproam^d Sj^oqgbowi a ndti jl affi ap 
.af eooaideraUe Nbianoe iu Wale?, b^ of sbatt^^dforjtune. ^p 
«biauied itiie ad^tioi^ name of >Sfr(mi:iti0W9 frpm bi^ g^eat bo#9y 
fcfwtgr, vUeb ensiled bim to dmr ^a bPV of more tiifu^ ordinfury 
atrenglb ; Ua anna jfffre ao )mg th»K in an upright portion, ti^ 
prim of hia bandy reached to h& kmeai?.* This enterpriaing Cj^url 
imgBgeA to brwg Deraiot auccour fM^ly b;i tha following sprijog, 
pvonded be oouM obtain the particqiiBr p^tripaisiion pf bia sovj^eig^ 
to aodwrk in the axpeiUtion. O9 the other JmAy MjBLfMmo}*!^ 
pramieed jSteangfaowtiiA band of biadaug^t^r Jp2.ya> tqgelbar w# 
the iamgiomQi J/maler, on bis dcicea??.. 

* Mills' Catategve p( Hpnaur. > 

Further to forward the object of bis visit to Britain^ Denfidf 
next proceeded to St. David's, in Wales, where he prevailed upon 
Rhees, the prince of that country, to liberate Robert Fitz-Stephen^ 
who was then his prisoner, and who was afterwards to prove a 
leader in the conquest of Ireland. The bishop of St David's had 
{Succeeded in inducing this knight, and Maurice Fitz-Gerald, to es- 
pouse the cause of the king of Leinster; who pronl^ised them in 
return, a grant in fee, of Wexford and two cantreds of land 
adjoining. Having thus completed his arrangements, having se- 
cured the desired aid, he departed for freland, in August, 1 168, 
landed at Glascarrig, and thence proceeded to Perns. Here he 
was cordially received by the clergy, to whom he gave a flattering 
account of his mission, and of the power, number, and valour of 
* his newly acquired allies. Dermot preserved strict privacy at 
Ferns during the winter ; a course, which the state of his affiurs 
rendered imperative. 

Matters were now prepared to effect that invasion, which .the 
miserable state of affairs in Ireland had long provoked, but which 
was now about being carried into execution. Writers, of all creeds 
and parties, deplore the distracted condition of the island, for a 
considerable time previously, and the utter recklessness with which 
its princes sacrificed the public good to their own selfish purposes. 
Butnow, to use the words of C. 0'Conor,*'Hhe measure of their 
iniquity was full," and for the important consequences, they them"^ 
selves, and they oaly, are responsible at the bar of posterity. 

We shall conclude this chapter, by some brief notice of the laws, 
learnings customs, and other matters in the economy of the an* 
cient Irish. 

A great reformation, we leani, took place in the laws of Ireland 
under the auspices of Feidhlimidh, of the line of Heremon, mo- 
narch of Ireland, A.D. 141. * The principle feature of his improve^' 
ments was the abolition of the laws of Earc, or Fines, and in its 
place the substitution of the Uxtalionis. The punishment of crime 
by pecuniary mulct was totally abrogated. It was ordained, that 
murder should be punished with deaSi ; and the minor offences of 
maiming, became punishable by like treatment of the perpetrator. 
Thus was the law of retaliation substituted for one whose deficiency 
in efficacy had been amply proved.f Others of their laws, however, 
do not merit equal commendation ; that of tanistry for instance. 
This system had the effect of conferring the inheritance of ffunilieB 
on the strongest member of them. For though there appeared to 
be a protection of the rights of seniority, yet they were little con- 
sulted ; superiority in mental or bodily qualities generally substan- 
tiating a claim, without regard to the age of the individual. This 
circumstance led to general rivalries, and, sometimes, to the moet 
disastrous consequences in families. From rendering succession 
uncertain and possession precarious, improvement was checked and 
' peace was destroyed. This law was subsequently abolished by 

* Dif8€rtadeiii on the History of Ireland, p. 2d9< f O'Halloru), Hiat. Jr. 

O^ ¥afi COtJNTt or CARLOW. S9 

jildgnieDt in tlie Irish court of King's Bench, at Hilary term, in 
the third year of the reign of king James I. Gavel'kind was 
equally objectionable. It ordained, thatwhcoi an individual diedi 
his whole effects should he ascertained, and divided among the 
members of his family. The distribution was effected by the chief 
of the house, who admitted illegitimate males, but excluded 
daughters and wivei9« This law also impeded the improvement of 
the conntr}', and checked industry in individuals. It was abolished 
at the same time and place. The Brebons, or judges, of the an- 
cient Irish, held their office by descent, or inheritance ; in which 
respect, hiatorians, physicians, bards, and harpers, were similariy 
circumstanced. This rule was assuredly not judicious ; inasmuch 
as talent is not hereditary, and, therefore, the majority must have 
been very incompetent to the performance of the duties annexed 
to their station. 

With regard to learning and mental cultivation, it is undeniable, 
that much existed among the Milesian Irish.* From its insulated 
situation, Ireland seemed a place where the learned might retire, 
to pursue in peace their studies and researches ; and, accordingly, 
we find that many individuals from Britain and the continent of 
Europe, repaired to this island to cultivate the ample fields of lite- 
rature. It is stated, that there were not less than seven thousand 
students at Armagh at one time. Ledwiph, himself, admits that 
much learning existed in Ireland during the middle ages.f Quite 
clear, however, it is, that the learning of ancient Ireland was 
chiefly confined to ecclesiastics ; the majority of the laity being 
quite as ignorant here, as in any of the surrounding nations. 

Dre^s. — The clothing of the male part of the population, con- 
sisted of a mantie and a kind of trowsers or pantaloons, which 
fitted close, and had stockings appended to them. That of tiie fe- 
males was a mantie and petticoat. Both had thin pumps ; the man 
wore a small cap, and the woman a. kerchief on her head. ^^ Their 
shifts," says Sir Richard Cox, ''were dyed in safiron to save wash- 
ing, and contained thirteen or fourteen yards of cloth, so that a 
law was made against that extravagancy. $ It must be a matter 
of regret to all, that a slovenly ne^ect of neatness is yet too ob- 
servable among the peasantry of Ireland ; and, that they present, 
in this particular, a lamentable inferiority to the natives of Great 
. Britain. 

It is worthy of notice, that orders of knighthood were introduced 
at a very early period into this conntry.§ There were five classes 
of knights ; the first of which was the Niagh-Nase, or knights of 
the golden collar. This order was confined to members of the 
royal &mily, none having a claim to tiie crown who had not been 
mvested with it The knights of Ulster, or of the Red Brlmch, 
took the second rank ; and tiie members of the Munster order came 

* Cox admits this. Vide Hibernia Anglicans, vol. i. 

f Antiquities of Ireland, p. 160. ( Apparatus, Hib. Angl. voM. 


B0xt L^ioiler aod Coonauglil ibllowed ip <Ms40r ^ prep^d^My* 
Tha Iruil^kiughti were niperior ia rank to dl other ^m»e$i, exc«f(| 
tie OKMftben; of th# blood-royal or doctor? in tlie dilbrent icioaofNt; 
the priirUegiea of wbioU latt^ were very grent. A rogQ^ar gomf^ 
^ edneatiott and preparatory discipluie, \ira8» we t^e inibrmed* 
Qf^pointed for tbe aspirioM^ to ibe honour of knigb&ood; aqd « 
IttgUy polished picture ia drawn of the digivity fmd splendour o( 
the order ; hut it would much enhance the satis&clion of the in- 
quirer on this subject^ could he discover somewhat more oi practical 
proof) that Ireland anciently^ enjoyed the bkssings of peace>. civilipr 
saiioni and refinement. 


From ike arrival of the EnglisA, A.D. 1 169, to the death ^ 

Henry II. A.D. nm. 

In the month of May, 1 169,* the expected snccours of Dermot 
Mac MoiTough arrived. Robert Fitz-Stephen, Meiler Fitz-Henry^ 
Meiler Fitis- David, and Hervey de Montmorency, together with tiilrty 
loiights, sixty esquires, and three hundred archers, landed at th^ 
Bani), In the county of Wexford. On the following day an additional 
force of ten knights and two hundred archers, under Maurice d^ 
Prendergast, reached the same place. Thus was the first effort to 
conquer the kingdom commenced ; an attempt, which Sir John Davies 
terms '^ an adventure of a few private gentlemen." f '^^Y were, 
however, men of nq ordinary cast, as their subsequent successful 
cwr^er fully proves. Their first care on landing, wa^ to commuul- 
cat^ ^ circumstance to the lung of Leinster, which they did by 
letter,^ dated the 1 1th of May, 1 1 694 Oermot immediately mado 
tbe contents of the epistle public, when his subjects, who formerly 
bad deserted him in utmost need, now flocked to his standard in 
gceat wimbers ; proTiag that fickleness and attachment to the powe^ 
of the day are prominent ingredients in tbe diaracter of the multi- 

sQn the night of their arrival, lihe English encamped on the tea- 
ahore, 9x^ on the following day marched towards Wexford ; where 
DonneU l^avanagh (natorai son of the king of lioinster), brpugl^t 
tii?m a reinibrcemeat of five hundred v»m,^ Mac M^rrou^, him- 
aeifj joiaed his «ew allies «oou afterwards, and renewed hia former 
ooBApacts with them* T^^ ^^^ deterpoiue^ on ^ attack of 

* Regan. — Cox and several othei*? say 1 170 ; but this p^ust b^ an error, as 
a 'competent epteoiporary writer (who on euch a point.' nnist be the best 
authority) states drfrerentiy. 

t Historical Relations. I O'Flaherty's Ogygia. 

OVTHiBC017Nfr€»COJIItL0W. 41 

HiegarnBcmof tUs town were ratiier ^rijifoiottB k fteir deftoce. 
Two thousand of them made a sally ; bat &e fiaimdftble Bmv ef 
the BngfBsh, Hie taovel appearance of &eir amtoor, and their 
martial bearil^ completely intimidated the Irish, and caused their 
ita6 tot retreat; tiot, howerer, before they burned the suburbs of 
^e town. Fit^-Stephen then made his first attack, in which be 
wtis TepiBted, and eiglrtseen of bis men killed. This greatly iQ- 
c6nded ttre inV^ex^, and induced among Ibem a full resolution to 
obtmn possession of the town or pefisb in the attempt With tbis 
YieW, thiej fbilbwM burned their sbips, offered up public prayers 
ih iSie oB^p, and pfspared for a second assaolt ; but, at this critieal 
mottenty some of the Ifisfa clergy interposed, and tbe town sur- 
i^eadered upon articles^ on tiie fourth day of the siege. Dermot 
imineditftely conferred W exfoi^ and %W6 eaiitreds of tend adjohiiiig 
;on Ftt2-Stepben and Fitr-Gerald, aCcordikig fohw ibvmer stipniatioii, 
'And, as a mark of his gratitude and favour to tbe Earl of Cbepstow, 
lie granted two cantreds (shuate between Wexford aftd Waterfof4) 
to Henrey de Montmorency or Momitmaurieey who acted as a species 
xX 'Mirbj from Strongbow on this occasion. Thus Was iSb» first 
iBetOemenlt of the English made In thas island ; ilf&m whiok small 
beginning, the final x^onqtrest of the entire kingddim wa6 ki tim^ 

Dermot Mac Morrough, being naturtdly in high spirits at the 
success which crowned this first essay of himself and auitiliariesy 
invited the Engtish to his castle of Ferns, Wh^*e three W^eks were 
spent in festivity and rejoicing. Tbe distingmshed valoaf of his 
new allies, was a favourite theme of Dermot, wiio now proposed 
^ expedition to Ossory, the territory of one of bis implacable 
enemies ; to which ^ey cheerfully consented. This affair was also 
decided in their favour ; the prince of Ossory was dcffeated; obliged 
to sWear fealty, and give hostages to tbe king of Leinster. (4) 

These proceedings of the invaders did not escape the attentloa 
of Roderic, the monarch of Ireland. He immediately called a 
general meefthig or parliament of the princes of Ibe i^and, who 
tmanimoasly resolved to expel the English, and for tbis purpose 
raised a great army, wRh which they marc4)ed kito Hy-KinseDagb'. 

The king of Leinster, unable to ' ijffpme such superiority «f 
mitt/bers, as well from the inequality of his troops as tbe unsteadi- 
ness '6f tbeir attachment, (which, on the appearance of a reverse, 
became again manifest), applied to Robert Fitz-Stephen, and stated 
to liim in plain terms, that unless they now made a signal e^rt^ 
%dr cause was hopeless, the kingdom of Leinster Would be lost 
h^-etrievkbly.* To this address, FTtz-Stepben boldly replied, that* 
having lefb their country and connections in order to espouse hii 

Sfrd, having destroyed their ships, and exposed their lives ia 
canine, they would not now abandon it. '^ Be you true to us 
'i[continaed he) and we wiH never be "kke to you. Your royal 
ftpirit Aould contenm'flieBe bosttle efforts, wbteh can be 6i no long 

a SbnxihttnC. 

42 HlftTOSr^AND ANTiqniTIBS 

continuance, fi>r eitW death or glorious victory must speedily de* 
liver us from all our difiiculties." 

This speech much encouraged Dermot, who was naturally a 
man of much bravery. He was, we are further informed^ of large 
stature ; and in consequence of frequent commands or addresses to 
his followers^ his vwce had become quite hoarse. It is added, that he 
desired to be feared rather than to be loved ; while; he exhibited 
true benevdence in raising and protecting the poor or defenceless;* 
a'trut, often the concomitant of a proud disposition. 

By the advice of his faithful ally, Fitz- Stephen, the king of Lein- 
ster retired to an almost inaccessible fastness near Ferns ; which, 
by raising embankments and felling trees, he speedily rendered im- 
pregnable. Meanwhile, Roderic, conscious of the uncertainty of 
war, wwi .reserved first to try the effect of negociation ; and in 
pursuance of this determination, addressed a letter to Fitz-Stephen, 
which he accompanied by presents ; but in this application his &il^ 
lire was signal. The very curious epistle of Roderic, together 
with its equally singular reply, may be found in the appendix. (5) 
He next entreated Dermot to abandon the English, and combine 
the forces of Lein^ter with those of the kingdom at large, in order 
to effect the expulsion of the invaders ; in which event, the king 
of Leinster was guaranteed the peaceable possession of his territory 
for the future. But MacMorrough, actuated by a sentiment of 
honourable attachment to his confederates, and perhaps lacking confi- 
dence in the promises of Roderic and the other princes, rejected the 
propositions of the monarch of Ireland. 

Roderic had now no alternative. He prepared for the attack ; 
first addressing his followers in a speech of some length, in which 
he virulently assailed Dermot, stating that he designed the extir- 
pation of the Irish, and for that purpose had introduced their most 
detested enemies ; that no mercy could be expected firom him, and 
that the present engagement would decide the fate of their country 
for ever. 

MacMorrough spoke to his soldiery. and people to the following 
effect : — " Ye men of Leinster, the^ties of kindred and the justice 
of our cause have hitherto united us ; let us not now fail in resoluf 
tion, let us manfully make our defence. Roderic, that grasping 
and wicked man, desirous of universal sovereignty and dominion^ 
now attempts to drive us from our country, or effect our destruction. 
iSurrounded by the multitude of his followers, he is inflated with 
arrogance, and contemplates our speedy downfal ; but often hath 
it happened, that a small band of valiant and well-appointed men 
have prevailed over superior numbers. If Rodaric make claim to 
the crown of Leinster, because some former king may have been 
tributary to a sovereign of Connaught ; then, by the same rule, 
may we assert a right to the province of Connaught, as our an- 
oestocB have been we sde governors and monarchs, not only of that 
district, but of the entire kingdom. But, in short) he seeks, bo^ 

* Giral* Camb^ea. L i. cap. 9. 


w fOM MS n WmmnBk^ MIC w Mnrv WSBL Wtf&WujBm ft lyfMn) TO Clx*^ 

^very indiVHkMii, iiiA raiitor feioiMf litetdr >6^<«r A Itftoy Ixsiilr 
^tMr'gnftttMiltitiidetteii f\m^ 'iMlt MOA^tO^ WeMli; Mt 

MBWifvv wvn B6VW yci^ uOr m w^ uSfw wrani w cnrounccr wini 

itosdwtoft^ iNil %y ^v«lM9 fllfd ilisdkitkm^ ^Miigtl lUld (6diiM^. 
W* k«re ib wtr «iii^ iNmrility M^Bfamcit i^/dAB\ «g«iiMt ^ff^ottj^ iMt^ 
jkttvil«^piily; agfl»t irffSjglMiM^ ttbdeM^; Mid tb i^MeMi^KM)^^ 
we afip uw t eayewu<i?e«id iB«d«hiti<m^ fiMe VtrttiiMS will eoiUMt 
4MrMta4e4aKjr«f tiial. Tke law« <)f ftfi wMSoni peHnit ^ t» 
OfpoM ibm %iy ibRey «iA ^01^ l^jr iiUvtigtb ; aftd tiiit bsia^ Ir 
JMi*hicfa«nMiitofllftMeM(W«lP<Hi^ pnilectibii 6f 

^wr^Mtrioumy. Let im lieef gbtfd'ediiHi^, ittattnifi^ U 'f^ htt 
^tknimacvB^^ wlitte Oiiy wnMsd ibr giitt. Otur )>6St U 114- 
4iindl J oAe of «l««iigtliy wfabh #e biiVe (mreased by iildiietf^ ^ ted 
frMDhs««iifiMd iittitBa<Mfttt teid ^llriimly eciffice for its dii- 
feooe. ^ 

Wei toe Airtliei farfbrftiedy Hmft Defiiiel iN^nitkled ttiS 'ilMltiiiv^s 
ef ^wTeedliKlftwid ^oweirlitl attXittaHte ^ey pottiesfted in i}Mi ^- 
^MBy wiioBe vtAsut bed been pfot^ | be ftspMsi^iKii^ Iti ^i^itiky 
Ibaft ftodeiie bad no pmt^kttiA td tbfiit respect^r^mt pentfnit <{<iil. 
litieB; tiwt^ beiideto beiii|r a^ nUlilefltt t;fimirt, (he bid Hik^ #ivl^, 
Ibeii idirr^y nod eleiieii baetarde ; tiitit fa« m«tiidei^ bis tiatfirtfl bl^ 
:^er, wkb j Mwe i' d •tbers, end wtw gaKy ef tiatnetoafii dt^bencM- 
ri^; aodtbatyiti&le^ tbe only esd ef bis ^ipeoioud preteoces tfie 
^ laMkqf eubjiigifttaott of AieiM abd thefar cbtldren.f 

Wkfln Urn kng of Lehister httd i^eachided his otntitifi, R6bef t 
fitg*fttepiwn ftddressed bis €Ctoipiiiknii$ in the fbllowiag^ iii^dras s^ 
^<Te ioBty yeng aifdft and tity edinpiiiiroti* in wftre, nHiebit^ 
•bidiK wkkmeiaiiiftfiyjpecilsieiidyMcitillof kioble aaadi and vK^ 
iisttt eotmige : if we wfMild bo^ eor&skkr wMi <]tor8tiTesy wbfft ti^e 
•ie» inder what «Bfrteiti, e&d wbetefiire we do adventure iuid at- 
tempt theee great enteiprises^ no doubt we shall exc^l in our wonted 
Y aKant nes s ^ and good foitund shall be-on bur side. We first came^ 
aad doowudfld fr um tibe Trojans^and since ai^ of the Frendi iUbbd 
end mea: of Aooae we have tbeee cur nolaAe and vali«abt mindi, 
atodetf Ike other the asettkd experience in fetifs of anate:i^bi^^ 
h4^ thae desteoded ^aoble progeny by two manner of witys tOA 
i^twa eespeela; aswebenowwettiffnied aadappointed, ttoMtns 
^iho be of rsMma^ mindd and lotfty eoniage : end ^ifcai no dot^ 
Una laacia and naked peo^esball never be olj^ to resiit n6t with- 
etaiid m. Besides yon see and kttow ho^w tbs^ at Ift>me> partt^by 
4be saMta anderafty desHft^ of ottrown eeusikis and ldnsitaei!i; ant 
partly the secretnafiee and devices of OU)^ fiimilian aod a<^qilaii6^ 
taacfes^' WB are bersit and seated bo& of ou^ cbuntry and patrimony.. 
And wnr We are^ome iimr, not as greiedy erav^ ^r laige en- 

* Gir. Canb. 1. i» csp. t« f On, Hlbtnda Ang ficalli, vel» Lp. I6r 


trends, nor yet as covekoas prvwlen for gmn and lacra: bat oaljr 
' in re^^act and conBideratioa to hare and enjoy the landtf andtowva 
to usy and to our heifa after us, offered and promised. We are 
not come hither like pirates or thieves to rob and spoil, but as 
futhful friends, to recover and to restore this noble and Hberal gen- 
tleman to that his patrunony, whereof he is spoiled and disposses- 
sed. He it is that hath aUured and flocked us hither ; he it is that 
loveth our nation : and he it is who purposed to plant and settle 
lis and our heirs in this iAe, And peradventure by tiieee means 
tiie whole land, which Is now divided into five provinces orportions^ 
may be deduced and brought into one, and tiie same in time be 
wholly unto us and our heirs : if that by our valiantness and prow« 
ess tiie victory be gotten, and MacMorrough by our service, 
means, and industry bie restored, and then the whole donumon to 
us and to our heirs for ever to be reserved. — O how great were 
then our honor and glory I yea so great, that with the perils of our 
bodies, loss of our lives, and the danger of deaths it is to be 
. wished for, sought and adventiured. For why should we be afraid ? 
and what is death, I pray you ? Is it any oliier than a short delay 
or distance of time, and as it were a short sleep between this tran- 
sitory life and the life eternal to come ? What is death, I say, but a 
short passage from vain and transitory things to perpetiial and ever- 
lasting joys ? And certain it is we mui^ all once die ; for it is that in- 
evitable destiny, which is common to all men, and can be eschewed of 
no man : for be we idle, and do nothing worthy of perpetual fiune and 
memory ; or be we well occupied, whereof ensueth praise and honour : 
yet die shall we. Then the matter being so, let them be afraid o£ 
death, who when they die, all things die with them : but let not 
them shrink or be dismayed, whose virtue and frune shall never die 
but live for ever. Wherefore ye worthy men, who are ennobled 
for your valiantness and famous for your virtues, let us with bold 
minds and good courage give the onset upon our enemies, tiiat in 
118 our noble, race and progeny be not stained, but that either by a 
glorious victory, or a famous death, we do achieve to peipetnal 
fame and honour."* 

Notwithstanding all these preparations, no engagement ensued. 
Roderic, having the fear of the English before his eyes, and eon^ 
tinuing unwilling to risk the issue of a general aetion, entered into 
negodations for peace ; to which MacMorrough, enjoined thereto 
by his critical circumstaooes, without difficulty assented. The 
terms agreed to were the following : First, that Dermod shoidd 
xenew his homage and be recognised king of Jjeinster* Second, 
that- he should dismiss the English, when the state of his afbirs 
permitted. And third, that his natural son Cothume (or Art as 
some say) should be delivered as a hostage for the due performance 
of the articles. t The second clause was secret. The hostage 
was delivered, and the country at peace, Vhen Maurice Fitz- 
Gerald, (half brother by the mother's side to Robert Fita- Stephen), 

,« Girald Camb. 1. i. cap. 9. f Giraki Camb. Cox. O'Halloriui. 


lllfide^ at Wexibrd widi ten Inigbts, thirty esquires, and one 
kmidred ardbera ; with which force Dermot marched to Dablin, in 
•rder to pfuiish that rebellioas city, in which he racceeded. The 
inhabitants renewed their tNiths of allegiance, and gave hostagee 
for their &tare good behavioor. 

While these scenes were passing, Roderic had entered the 
territory of- Donnelly prince of Limerick, (son-in4aw of Mao 
Movroi^), to demand dnef vent, bat be was defeiated by Fits- 
Stephen, who had been despatched by the king of Leinster to the 
assistaaee of bis relation. 

Encouraged by these successes, Dermot began to entertoin 
pr^ects of a more important character. His aacestdrs bad formerly 
enjoyed the rank of monarchs of the kingdom, and he now aspired 
to the dignity of being their successor. . Fitz-Stephen and Fitz- 
Geraldy to whom he first applied for aid in the prosecution of hie 
new design, dedared themselves unable to render hita any effectnal 
asfflstance in so extensive an undertaking ; but recommended bimr 
to state the matter to Strongbow, and again solicit lus support. The 
earl would, we are informed, have reached Ireland before this 
period, had he not met' with an unwillingness on tbe.part of Henry' 
IL to gnmt him the desired license. This monarch had learned the 
proceedings of Fitz-Stephen, and felt somewhat displeased at his* 
having engaged in the service of the king of Leinster, without hie 
express permission. After mncb importunity, Strongbow received 
an eqoivocai expression of leave to depart for Irdand ; on which 
he commenced immediate preparation for the expedition. In which 
tai^, the fdlowing letter of MacMorrough tended to accelerate 
his'movements : *< Dermot MacMorrough, prince of Leinster, to 
Richard, Earl of Chepstow, and sou of Gilbert l^e Earl, sendetb 
greetii^. If yon do well consider and mark the time as we do 
vrhictk are in distress, then we do not complain without cause nor 
out of time : for we have already seen the storks and swailows, as 
also the summer birds are come, and with the westerly winds are 
gone again ; we have long looked and wished for your coming, and 
albeit tibe winds have been at east and easterly, yet hitherto yoa' 
are not come unto us : wherefore now linger no longer, but hasten 
yourself hither wi& speed, that it may thereby appear not want of 
good will, nor forgetfulness of promise, but tbe injury of time hatfar 
been hitherto die cause of your long stay. All Leinster is already 
wholly yielded unto us : and if you will speedily come away with 
some strong company and force, we doubt not but that the oiher 
ibor portions will be recovered and adjoined to this tbe fifth poitionf^ 
Your coflung therefore tbe more speedy it is, the more grateful ^ 
^ more hasty, the more joyful; and the sooner,, the better weU 
come : and then our mislike of your long lingering .shall be recora* 
pensed by your soon coming, for friendship and good will is recOT 
vered and nourished by mutual offices, and by benefil^ it groweA 
to a more assuredness/'* 


f Gip, CsM. I, i, fsf. xij. 

A.O. IX7(K |Hp9viamlv fta ^ am. enbnfadM for hibmi, 
htroaghom dMpilcbed ivpmmd^ aunuawd ik Oratf , wMi Um 
kp4^U8»latMNilton0 hiiadkred axelkBii» idio landed ia May^ ntiim 
mik oC D m idopolfc, (nnce called Dimdorogli), abootMxiMlie cast 
of Watarford. Raymond was nephew te.Reberl Fit»-Stepfaan oad 
Ifomiae Fita^Oeiidd, beiag son of tMr eUar bratfiar W 
WM a bvara. and expert comBMBdar.^ HeloefeBolaaieui aeeuriaf 
Ida. fip^itioaai Dand o nolfc, by raising eotEeoduneatl, and o^ar 
naana ; the.pmdeDoe of wkkh stop, aooa baaiano Tiaibla* . For tb» 
citizens of Waterford^t naturally idarmed at die settoBaal^of » 
ll9dy id toimga. oHfitary so near tibeir to«% took imiwodiala steps 
t^.r^pdOe iBmlai% mod together wiA OTheian and O'Rjmn of 
OpdropfSpgocoeded to attack tbem* TheLrishanioantediananber 
to. three. tiiensaBdmeD. Aforcesosaperiorto.tfaatof ibefii^lish^ 
tihait their, instant aniuhilarion. m^ht he expected; baitheinTwIerBy 
iNAdered deqieratoby tiieir eitaaftioB» psriomiedpiodigies of valomv 
and finding, their eneaMea in disorder, slew, five fanndied of them 
andi took seventy, pmoners^ who^ ^ tiie adrice of Hervey de 
Mcm^Mauiiee, (lately arriTed from W«xfi>rd)> wove all drawned.^ 
^ Our. yiclofy/' said Haryey to hie party, ^mto be sonsed, that 
the dea tenc tkai of theaefew. aaay be a terror to many ; nherebyall 
oAeraaad.tUf wihi and rebeUioiis nation may take an example, 
and bewBie how tiiay med^ and encaunter with mJ* A qistoni 
efc pcri&cy, lai|g after adopted by Ofiver Cromweil, and np^n which 
eaoh in^TiclualtWill make his own cemaNnt and fiirm his own 

}athajn«»th of. Septomber, A.D. I17Q» Strsnghoiw, with two 
htti^A^ad^kttightB and qne^ dioasand soldiers, landed in the haTcn of 
Watedbrdi Ha was immediately joined by tiie Kingof Leinstor, 
FitZfJkephea, KtsrGerald, and Raymond le Gross; wluchlastwaa 
eppojnt^ gsnsral of ttie field. They decided eaattadBuig Water* 
Sard ftatbnilh^ aadon the next day, Raymond earned the lesolutioik 
into effaot. After, two repulses Raymond succeeded in taking the 
^ty. ; . when every individual diacoTered witiun it (except O'Phebn, 
pnncaof l>ecies» and e pers(m. named R^fumld) was pat to the 

Immediatsly after, MacMooroa^ gave lua daughter Bvn 
to>J9tnmgfaow, when they were pnUidy married in the city, and 
^ai^hwnrledged.pre8ampttveheir totlwldngdomof I^mstsr, ncm 
eordii^. to. the oi^^naL compact. 

Brief, however^ was tiie time devoted: by Stroogbow to (he 
softer offices of love. Ambitkm^ and tiie state of pablic affim% 
hoth called him into a jitato ci activity. Ordeca were givenfor the 
«my tojnarek to. Dnblin; winch they reached tiurongh the defilse 
of.^endaloogh, the direct route being impeded by ike. Dnhlmian^ 
who had agam rebelled. Mac Monrongh hated &e people of JDnUio 
exoeedifigky; which ia not snrpriamg, aathey had mnrdsKd Ina 

* Ghr. Cam, 1. i. cap. sii. t Coi says Wczford^ which iscertainly an encr» 
t Okt Csm«€l4^ xfii, Rsfan* 


M rat GQI^UTT or ffMUJ^Ww *l 

WlMr^MidlltMtidlutiMMiiMwMLMa H omm4i, 9^ 

teiRlomadcft of St Lwumoe OToc^ mUwhap of DMimf 
ko liitMioA to thw propotid^ for pea^e; hoi oa the expifatioa of 
die tiine allowed for the treatT> Riqrmttd le QtoBn and Miiea da 
Cogaa forced liieii» way uito ttie city, (2l8t Sept. 1110*), aadced 
i^ and oeamitled great sktaghter. Hastdphufl, tibe goyeroor, wMi 
foiii« of Ao/bigtier olaee of ckasenB, escaped by eea^t 

Leaifitog Cogon governor of DsUin, Strongbox and Mao 
MlHnNigkliiea invaM east Meatlk, a teniiory of O^Roivka, in 
niic^t^ eommitled great devastation. Roderio^ the monardi^ 
becoming^alamedat the prooeediagB oi Mao Morrongh^ wrot» 
km a letter of severe rebuke^ threatening that unless he observed 
^ tBnas of' the late treaty, hie son's head must answer fyt th* 
infrnctMm of them. Dermot, under excited feelings, i»|rfied Hwt 
he would next proceed to the conquest of C<mnaoght; ythm 
Bodflrio cruelty ordered Art to be decaintated. Ilia etated^ llial 
he at tte saoie time ordered the execution of a son of Dcmell 
ISmrsmi^p who was also a. hostage in his handset 

King Hwry had become aq^aainted with: tke procesdinga of- 
Slnpn^^w, and f^t no little jealouay and apprehension oi thft 
MnAte (poDsequencea. He therefore issued a proclamation^ fori* 
Uddii^ th» eixportation of any article into Ireland, commandittgi 
htti aabjects tp return from tiienoa previoasly to the next Baotsr^ 
and oidering them to cease from foHiher proeeedmgs there, onrpaitt 
of Isrfeiting th^ estates in ESagland* The earl decided, on. de»* 
patching an ravoy to Henry II. who waa Ihen in Aquitain. Ri^ 
mond leGrsss was selected for this oflSice, and beoame bearer t)t a 
Mter fiDw Strongbow to the fdlowingeffiect: " My right honcnw 
aUelordi — I came into this land witii your leeve aodiavour (aa I 
remember) for the aiding and helping of your servant I>esmotlifae 
|tfinprough» And whatever l.have gotten and purohaaedj eitheriby 
him or %JMAy odijers, aa I confessa^ acknowledge tlie same froas; 
e)9d by meaiia of your graetous goodness : So shall the same nsat 
a«4 reaown at yoordevotion and commandiaenf f The king treated 
Reymond coarteoosly, but made no concesuon to theadv^itarers^ 

A.D. 117U About the month of May, OenaotMacMorrough,. 
king<^ Leinster^ died at Ferns, where he was buried^ Inmie- 
diAtsly irfier;^ Strongbow proceeded to Dublin^ in order, to preaerv» 
tbe^ poasei^ion^ of tlmt twbulent city ; but being debarred of a sup*. 
ply of npiSA or provisiansy by the proclamation of hatg Henry, he 
was reduced to great difficulties ; i/Hiile the almost t<Hal defection. 
rf die Iikhr finmi k» stapdard, on the death of Mac Mlirrough^ 
did n^. lessen the ills by- wUdi he was > surrounded. DonnelL 
KasFfwagh; Mac Gely of Tir &rvn» (die territories of difrO'Bisnes^ 
of whidi:he wii» chie&iin,) and AulifFe 0'€arvy, were tike onlyv 
persona who adhered to his cause.|| We are fordier informed, 
thil tbs <«ud^ desicous oC rewaidiag his;foithiil ellies, graalad to 

* O'Hallofaa. t Oinl. Cambrsn. I. i. cap. XTii. t Leisad. Hist, Jr. 
tol. L p. 48. ^ § Gir. Cmab. I. h eap^ ziz, ^ R«C«>*. 


Moriertagh the country of Kinsellagby and to Donnell Rataiiagli^ 
the plains of Lehieter; of Mihich districts they were immedlaitely 
called kings, the custom of the ancient Irish heiiig to style every 
lord of a cotttttry, king of thfe 8aroe#* 

Roderic O'Connor, and the other Irish princes, now thought 
they had a farourable opportunity to effect the complete extirpatioii 
of the Engtsh settlers; to which undertaking tiiey were ioetted 
by Lawrence, archbishop of Dublin. l*hey accordingly made 
formidable preparations for the siege of the city. Meanwhile, 
Donnell Kavanagh, (called by Cambrensis MacDermot^ or the 
son of Dermot, and who seems to have been a man of much skill, 
activity, and bravery), arrived in Dublin, having passed with ereat 
difficulty through theenemy's possessions, and informed Strongbow, 
that Ihe people of Wexford and Kinsellagh, to the number of three 
Aousanc^ had besieged Fitz-Stephen in his castle of Carrick, near 
Wexford, and that unless succour was offered within three days, 
he must inevitably fall into the hands of his implacable enemies.f* 

Dublin was now invested by Roderic, and his subordinate 
princes; among whom we notice an O' Kavanagh, appointed suc- 
cessor of MacMorrough in the kingdom of Leinster.^ He 
was perhaps another illegitimate- son of Dermot, (who left no 
faiwful male i^sue), and. brother of Donnell, who adhered to the 
caose of the Bnglish. But tiiis is mere conjecture.' A council of 
war was called by Strongbow, at which Maurice Fitz- Gerald and 
Raymond le Gross delivered their sentiments, both expressing great 
anxiety for the fate of Fitz-Stephen, They determined to make a 
saRy early on the following morning. At day-break, they carried 
their intention into execution, with great gallantry ; when Roderio 
narrowly escaped being made prisoner, and the defeat of his forcea 
was signal and complete. 

Having made due arrangements for the security of the city,i 
Strongbow marched on the following day to the relief of his com- 
patriots at Wexford. The opposition to which he was exposed on 
his route was formidable in the extreme. Having reached the district 
of Hy- Drone, in the present county of Carlow, he was assailed 
by O'Ryan, lord of that country, and his followers. The Irish, 
having waited till the invaders had arrived at a place bounded on 
every direction by woods, hills, and morasses, seized the fevonra- 
ble opportunity, and suddeply attacked Strongbow and his army. 
The unexpectedness and violence of the onset, the ferocious cries 
of tiie assailants, combined with a disadvantageous situation, threw 
the Bnglish into disorder, and rendered the utmost efforts of their 
leaders necessary, in order to prevent a total defeat. The skill 
and conduct of Meiler Fitz-Henry was conspicuous on this critical 
occasion; he was bravely performing his duty, when he waa 
brought to the ground by a missile from the enemy, and was with 
difficulty rescued. Animated by their first success, the Irish had 
nearly obtained a complete victory, when Nicholas, an English 

* Reian. f Gir. Camb. |. i. cap. S2. { O'llalloran, HUt. Ir. b. xiii. c. %, 

H^nlc^ yiAio attended the army; slew 0'Ryan» tbci leader ci tli* 
Irieb, with an arrow* when bis followers fled, and thus ensured t6 
the Ebglish a successful termination of the contest.* A very af- 
fecting incident occurred in connection with this engagements It 
is saidy that Strongbow's only son* aged then about serenteen 
years, dismayed by the number and savage demeanour of the Irish, 
ifled from the field of battle to Dublin ; but learning the fiivourable 
result, returned to congratulate his friends on their victory ; when 
StTongboWy having upbraided him wHhhis cowardly conduct, ordered 
him, with Roman severity, to be instantly executed, it is even 
sud, that he peHbrmed the oiEee of executioner himself, by cut<* 
ting the body of his son in two parts with his sword .f An acf^ 
which, in a father, few will justify, and still fewer commend. — 
The scene of this retacontre was afterwards called the Earl's pass. 

M^aiiWhile> Fitz-Stephen had been assaulted by the Irish, and 
having surrendered on articles, was, in direct infringement of (hem, 
made prisoner, and many of his associates killed.^ ^^trongbow 
heard these melancholy tidings on his march to Wexford, and was 
further informed, that if he proceeded to attack the town, the 
Iririi would immediately behead Fitz-Stepheu and the other priso- 
ners. With much reluctance he now changed his route, and, so* 
jonming a short period at Ferns where he exef cised the rights of 
sovereignty, next proceeded to Waterford, where Hervey de Mont 
Maurice handed him a letter from Henry II., commanding his in>- 
Btant attendance at court. In compliance with the wishes of his 
sovereign, he repaired to England, and with the assistance of 
Hervey, succeeded in appeasing the displeasure which Henry en» 
tertamed on the subject of his proceedings in Ireland. The eaii 
yielded to Henry, Dublin and tiie other seaports, took an oath oi 
allegiance, and was permitted to retain the rest of Leinster, in 
subjection to the king of England and his heirs. 

A.D. 1172. Henry, having made extensive prepattitions, now 
embarked at Milford Haven, and in a few hours, reached the 
harbour of Waterford, on the 6th of October. His force consisted 
of five hundred knights and four thousand men at arms. When 
the Idng had landed, Strongbow did homage for his kingdom of 
Leinster, and many of the Irish princes came fbrward, voluntarily 
submitted to Henry, and acknowledged him as their monarch. 
While, the people of Wexford immediately delivered Pitz-8tepheil 
into his hands. From Waterford, the king marched to Losmore", 
and thence to Cashel, where he called a synod of the clergy, and 
submitted to it the Bulls of Adrian IV., confirmed by onefnHnhis 
successor Alexander IIL, by which the kingdom was transferred 
to his jurisdiction. These documents were accepted by the synod> 
and Henry became the acknowledged monarch of the island. 

The king returned to Waterford from Cashel, imd shortly after* 
wards marched to Dublin. On his route, several Irish princes, 

* Regan. Gir. Cam. I. i. c. 28. Cox. Leland. 

f Cox. Lefand teems to tuspect tbs correctnen of tbii itory.. 

i Gir. Cam. 1. i. c. 2^, 

tfO HIilOftIr ANA ANTiqOltiSP 

«ad Rod«ric nmoog tbe mt» mad^ tiMir obcaiinoe^ ani did biK 
»^ to Uiii as monarch. Thm, says Qinddosi ** was fulfiUad 
Ibe old and valgar prophecy of SU Molia : before him idl the 
frinbee shall &U down, and under a dissembled submiesum shall 
^btma fiivonr and grace.'' 

Henry IL observed the festival of Christmas^ at the Irish me- 
IrepoUsy with as much iplendonr as the place permitted. Ther» 
b^mg no buildings of su£&cient extent in Dublin^ a qfrndous one 
was constructed of smooth wattles, aecordiag to the mode of the 
eountry ; in which, by the iqtrodnction of a profusion of plate and 
other costly articles, a degree of magnificence was exhibited 
which astonished the Irish.* 

According to one account; Henry during his stay created three 
palatinates m Ireland, in iantation of the counties palatine of 
Chester, Durham, and Lancaster; via., Leinster, Meath, and 
Ulster. Elach palatinate had its writi, courts, seals, judges, offi* 
cers, and every royal zight.t Of Munster no notice is taken here» 
•Besides, we liave reason to think, that the kmg not only made 
l^rants of Leinster, Ulster, Meath, and parts of Munster, but 
created counties within these territories, subject to the laws of Eng^ 
land ; which he possessed fnU right and liberty to ' perform. For^ 
it appears, that as the king's writs were sent into Ireland from the 
time of the conquest, to hear and determine causes, there can be 
no doubt that the English laws were given by Henry II. to this 
■country. It seems also to follow inevitably, that he must have 
formed counties, sherifis, and other officers ; for otherwise itwould 
be almost impossible to prsserre his reservations in captie, or ez^^ 
cute any portion of the law4 

We have further very strong ]^«6iucptive proof, that the various 
pfficers of justice usual in England, were appointed by Henry II; 
arising from a patent granted by him of land in Ireland, which is 
enrolled in a register of the reign of Edward III., and runs as 
foUows ; Henrtcus, Dei gratia^ Rea Anglue^ dux Normatmut^ 
€i Comes Andegaouf^ ArcMepiscifpis, Vicecomitibuaj Ministrw^ 
JusHciarm, S^e. salutenim^-^* Henry, by the grace <^ God, king 
of England, duke of Normandy, and earl of Anjou, to his arch* 
bishops, sheriffs, miniBters, justices, &c. greeting." — Unless we 
iamgine that his majesty directed his patent to imaginary beings^ 
there must have been at this period, justices and dieriffs^ mid 
Gon8e<|uentiy counties in Ireland. 

The generally received opimon i% that counties were first ereeted 
by king John in 1210, thirty-eight years subsequently; but a 
l^gfh au^rity states, that he merely effected aresusdtation of the 
^istitutiims of his &lher, which had been set at nought by the Irish 
whenever they had sufficient power £or tbe piapose.§^ Camhiensis 
despatches the o^atter in a few words, se^g, that the Idng ** set 
his reahns of Ireland in good order.'* Leland is of ojpinion that 
Henry 'made a division of that part of the kingdom sulgect to him 

•CVncH^Asi. tAalMi«bHib« | Reply le BolftMirBDeclMatiDB. 
I HsrriB* Ware, vol. 2. p. 83. *^' ^ 

OF' MB COUNTT or CA&bOW. 51 

kito BhrrM ot coimtiM. Those who support a contrary «iew. and 
fix 1210, as the date of tiie existiiig divisions^ are^Cox, Guthrie^ 
Sewardy and maoy o^en. 

ft is impoitant, howiBver, that we should be fully aware, diat^ 
^though the English statutes were generally introduced at the time 
of the conquest^ certain leading pel-sons among the Irish had per- 
mission to hold possessions wilhin the king*s jurisdiction as feoda* 
riesy paying tribute, but not subject to the laws of England. Thus 
some of the descendants of Dermot MacMorrough, and of some 
inferior chiefs, though tributary to the king of England, continued 
for many years to gotem their septs according to tiie old Irish in- 

From DnbUtt', Henry marched to Wexford^ where he was de- 
tained by tempestuous weather for three months* At length he 
departed on Easter Monday, 1173, and the same day at noon 
landed at St. David's, in Wales ; having left Hugh de Lacy "go^* 
remor general or lord justice of Ireland.* 

Laey being unable to manage the kingdom, the sovereign ap- 
pointed Strongbow in his stead, with Raymond Fitz-Maurice» 
sumamed le Urois, whom we have had frequent occasion to notice^ 
and who was one of the most distinguished of the English knights^ 
as his assistant At this period many of the Irish had revolted^ 
the army was mutinous, and its generals at variance* Raymond 
bekig appointed by Strongbow to the command of the army, 
(A.D. 1174) immedifttely marches against the Irish and defeats 
them ; after which he departs for Wales, in consequence of the 
death of his lather* Hervey de Mont Maurice replaced him in 
the command of the army, which caused much trouble to the earl. \ 

A.D. 1175. Hervey iharches to attack the prince of Ossory^' 
end is defeated, while Strongbow is confined to the city of Watei^- 
ford. This reverse of fortune was a signal to the disaffected Irish, to 
shake off their allegiance ; ^ey openly proclaimed an utter disregi^ixl « 

l>f their former covenants and engagements. Even Donnell Ka- 
vanagh, son of the late king of Leinster, who had hitherto mani- 
fested a firm attachment to their cause, now joined the ranks of 
the eti^my, and asserted a claim to the throne of the. province* 
This could not have occurred without strong cause. Very possibly 
Domidl had met with some unfair or ungenerous treatment in re- 
fe9^e]^M to his possessions, or perhaps the cruelty of Strongbow^ 
(who it is said caused a son of Donnell to be executedf)^ might 
have led to his defection.^ Under these circumstances, Strongbow 
wrote to RiEiymond, offering him the hand of his sister Basilia, and 
entreating his spdedy succour; with which request the latter 
speedily complied, and reached Waterford very seasonably. Thence 
Ra3rmond and Strongbow marched to Wexford, where th^ pro- 
posed marriage was solemnized ; the bridegroom receiving as, a 

• Camden says, that till the tiine of Edward III. they were caQed jutUee* ^ 

of Ireland, and their lieutenants deputies, 
■t LeUad, Hist. It. vol. i.p. 63. .t Harris, 

wliaii UumBf 4ilia0«irig» FAwil, tnd A» •oooiteUMiap toff 
Uinrta:. W« ikere obeam, Hiat Ifbomv ^Mrmeiiy granted to 
Domieli Kavanaghy was transferred frem ^lim 4e anethar; «» 
doobt, in tsoDseqaenoe o^' i& tvctnl'ovart aoIb of d iaJ oy atty. Ae- 
MBiiaferaM us. that Idrane was» at the period af tiio arriyal of te 
B^jlii^ a lanitory 'fadongiag to the 'O'Ryaaa, but^bey, inom- 
aayiCDoo af Aeir anbepdiag oppoaitioii to tbe iavadany ware, of 
aeurae, jfaywived of tbair possesaions ;* Utita daatriet was afterwards 
gnmled ito .DoaoaU £aTaBi^>«and after hian to RayaMund le Groes^ 
aa just nenlMKiad. 

lt«Miyl>iuitheiiiiuiii«ebet»«»]Uym«(taB^ taken 

place, when intelligence arrived, that Roderic had invaded Lein- 
atar. fitrabghaafand Ba^ond tuaMfaad maiadiatdy to Dublin, 
parenediAe i]nradar» andkiUad one hundred and fi% of his followers, 
Among Ite'elai&waB Donaell Kanranaghy who £^ in aentest wift 
afttrty of hisosiaieQiintryaaaBy whoweae in the seivioe of the 
Bnfflish.f • 

AJD. il1i6« In Septembory tins year, Ra{y«iond marched 
ifjUBst 4iha prince of liaierick, and defeated him. He then left 
a garrison m limerick ; bot speedily heard from tbem, that they 
ai9m besieged liy Daniel O'Brien ; on which lU^mond, by desiro 
0f £k|iongbQEWy proceeded to their relie£ For this purpose he took 
ateoe of eighty gentlemeBy twro hundred horse, and thcee bun* 
daad archessy with some Iriah, nnder MorrougJk of Kineellagh and 
iDonnalLof Qsamry. O'-Brien f^eftreated, and Raymond relieved 
^ garrison, fihovtly (afterwards^ O'Brien gave hosti^es ; as did 
adaa, Hoderie, ithe monarchy who placed his son io the hands of 

(Ridhard de-Oare, aari>af <I!hepslow.aad Pembr^ie^ iprmca of 
Ijakitftery sosBaaaed Stoonghow^ died on the 27th day ei Mmj, 
117^. IBeiKEas son of Galberty earl «f Chepatoii^> and pf Isabat 
iMMt -by the another's side io kk^Mfdcolmand William of Scot- 
•knd. iEie«ig<Fyed the Tank of «arl of Om, in Nomandyy earl 
«UKnAial«f -fihiglaiidy aod vicegerent of NoRmaiMiy4 Asiahready 
igtatedy he maoried Bmiy ^ughter of :MacMonroiiighy in whoeie 
•n^t^he inherited tfae'kiagdom of hfsm^l^, to which he wae de- 
tfllavaddieir duiingitiie Demiot. He was the chiisfinstnuBeiit 
4n affeotuating the iconquest of Ireland. Ahout the year 1 174y the 
"prioiy /of Kilmainham was founded by him. He left hut one 
«hildy a daughteiy named Isabely who was immediately takeiifUnder 
^e fguardia^ip of king Henry 11. ; whose care shereoeived untpl 
<tiie event of her marriage^ twelve yews afterwards. Oiiaidttc^ 
ffuniishes the ifoUoiiring account of Strongbow-s apfeasaiioe and 
^personal qualities : ^ The earl .was somewhat ruddy «nd of san- 
guine compleadon and freckled fiue, ibis eye83greyy w im ieaii- 
•niney his «oice;8ma]]^ jand his neck litttey but somewhat of a high 
stature : he was very liberal, courteous and gentle : what he could 
jMt;caBipasaiaad.briQgtopas8dn daady he would win by good 

• Harris. t Lelaad, Hist. Ir. vol, 1. p. 192.. t BerlsMb 

toy ?■» commr w «MbM'. <S 

lipiiit aui gtuflt liiiiAtiL hi limt nff BiiMin ho imi ipiirii wftmlhi 
to ]Mid ami «Im7^ timit to rale wmI bettr MN^ Ou^of tb^oani^ 
he wtm ware Uto to- m Bohfag eowipwiimt tlHi» » eafiitttii»of mleir: 
but itt tli»€infi anA iammb he- wnM wiik hmt «6^ »M«) and 
«oiiate*aBce of a mliaai caplaiiL 0€ kuaaetf he* waiiUk 9«fc aAr 
T an tai e a«y tof, Wt I wiag a dyin o A and iai aa^ W >ifmaA ttn 
afttompte : fiw af hiaiaBif ha- would aoK raslijir adbrteittufa^ aa pi%» 
anaiplBaualjr «idfi» an J tUhg in haad. Is tha fighfei «Ad; hlttlehrt 
waa a iMal a a aurad ttio&a and sigA td the vhcds'aotnpaQjfi cilhar 
to 8(SBd¥aiiaN:k9rt»the%htyattWpoHc3rto< retina. iaaUchaaaaa 
of war ha waa aiitt ona aad te aama niaiiie«a£ laaay heing^giilihar 
disBUtyad with adf urai t y y mar |Nrfbd upr with fiaayi ' ia tyw' 

BaaOiay ikm hdj a^ BayiM^ caUHMoachteifi to daalh af 
S t fo ng ha w to htm iaan amhtg a a ati letter^ whiebi dfeptoya ittukdi 
ingeaiiity; cctnnnejiiiigty as k doesy her wtal%Bttcc^, in fraMHiner 
oatjto he andantoed by the peraoA fov whom it wiae itetaedadi 
This very crsdilaAla spedatea of female tact^ ran as foUows:«««» 
^ To Riq^KNid har HHiBt laviag lord aad hushaad^ Us ewik Baailiii 
wisfaath haakh as to hensali Kqow ye my deir lord». tiM* ai)r 
fiaatdieek-toofhy which was wont toi acbeao meah^ is aewiiUatt 
eat; whetefore. i£ ye hate any care or regard af lae, or of youe-* 
aelf come away with att speed.*' — Raymoi^ haniag for e iaemci|i 
wei^ad the oontents o£ ^^ letter^ (written in e st^e whifuhf the 
ejacumstaaces of Ihe time rendered necessary),! isMnediately pe^t 
tmved its araaniaf » and Ibrthwi:^ returaed to tiie eapitall Onhfit 
anrmi tbarey he was appointed lorddepisty, by the ooaaci!, A.£>. 
} 177 • The same year he was superseded- faiy William Fit»- Adefaii«t 
who taaatcd Baymwidy. the GeraidiBes, and all ^e fifist settiere^ 
with great disfoyour* He created his nephew, Waltev Akaaufy 
aeneschal ci Wexford aad Waterferd ; who wtfs every way un- 
werthy ef the iqtpeintmenl^ inasnuich as aaiesff o^er defiDqueaeies^ 
he received bribes from MaelMbrrOugh of Kinsellagh, as an in* 
dneement to iijore Raymeod le Gross.* He was recalled^ aaA 
replaced in 1179, by Hugh de Lacy, tike grantee of ^f eath. 

Thie very aUe man was asnsiye that in a strange oounOry, ami 
aarromuited by eaemiesy the Bagilsh could oaiy maiffitaifi possessiav 
by soperior Ml and means of defence. He tiierefore easteHated 
hfe own district of Menth, aad a great part of Lester. Tbe 
eastiesef Carlow, Leighlim<'bridge> and TuUow warn baill byhim.-^ 
The erectien of ^ former structure has been altdbuted to varioutf 
ether persons ; among the re^ to Eva, daughter of £>evmot Mao 
Manxmgh,t ^ Isabel, daughter of Strangbow, t» kiag John, t» 
Hugh le Bigod, fourth earl of Norfolk^, and to Bellingham,. biA 
de|i«ty of irdandft Wi(^ regard to the first, we do not iod thafi 
the statement is supported by any ancient record ; Ey% or rather 
Strongbow, her husband, was obviously so much engaged iupa^- 

* Gir. Camb. 1. ii. c. zvi. t Cox, flib. Angl. vol. I. p.. 28. Ledwich, 
Antiq. Ir. | KaTsnagh pedigres. § Brewer || Camdenj Britannuu. 
V4>L 3. p. i»32. 


Mrfing tiie existing poBsessioiMs during Ims very brief career, as to be 
cc^pletelj precluded from devoting time to the erection of extenetve 
stmctores. With regard to [sabel ; she was conveyed to England on 
thO' death of her father and remained there till her marriage in ] 189, 
and we have no positive evidence, that she returned to IrelaniL 
The castle was certainly in existence previously to the connectioa 
of the earl of Norfolk with this country. For we find, that Wil<» 
Uara, Earl Marshal, in his charter to Carlow (as hereafter inserted) 
mentions << the easlle ;'' and the eari of Norfolk first acquired his 
property in Ireland, by marriage with ^e daughter of the said Earl 
Marshal. Respecting Bellingham, the assertion is prepost«:t>us ; 
as will at once appear, upon mention of the year of his deputyship, 
whicb was 1548. Authority, collateral evidence and verisimilitude, 
all fix upon de Lacy as the founder of the castle of Carlow. 

Were fiirther evidence necessary in reference to the founder of 
the castle of Carlow, we could bring Hanmer into the field ; who 
states, that Lacy built those of Carlow and Leighlin. Though 
iie observes, that some represent Eva, the lady of Strongbow, as 
the founder ; which he doubts, as be considers it evident, that all 
the castles in Ireland were built by the Danes and English. Hooker 
states, that, '' by the course of history it is plain, .that the castles 
builded in Leinster, were done by the Englishmen only, and for 
their defence and safety.'^ Hanmer informs us further, that Lacy 
built a castle in Fotheret Onolan £or Raymond, and another for 
Griffin his brother, the sons of William Fitz-Gerald* This 
Fotheret Onolan must be the same district as Foeri Onolan, 
afterwards called the barony of Forth, in the county of Carlow. 
Several notices of Foert Onolan will be found in a subsequent part 
of this work. 

The castle at Leighlin-bridge was anciently called the Black 
Castle, and was of great strength. Robert Powre was appointed 
to the charge of it by Henry II. ; but relinquished his post Uirough 
cowardice.* Touching this person's c-onduct Cambrensis (a co- 
temporary) exclaims as follows : ** O what worthy champions and 
fit marchmen were this Powre and Fitz-Adelm (the late lord de- 
puty), to be sent to dwell and rule in a nation, which is destituted 
and wanteth noble and valiant men 1 But a man may see the course 
of fortune, who when she is disposed to smile, how she advanceth 
and raiseth up men fi-om base estate to high degrees; fi>r why 
these two had more pleasure in chambering and playing the wanton 
with young girls, and to play upon a harp, than to bear a shield, 
or staff, or to wear armour. And truly it was to be marvelled, 
that so noble a prince could send such cowards to bear rule, and 
have authority in places of service." — Roger le Powre, constable 
of Leighlin, was a man of much fame and high credit about this 

A. D. 1180. This year Laurence, otherwise St. Laurence 
P'ToolC; archbishop of Uublip; died at the castle of Angiers, in 

; Gir. Camb, f Ibid, 


Nommndy ; about the mondi of DecemW. He is said to have 
been an iUegitimate son of one Maurice. This latter being at 
continual variance with Dermot M acMorrough^ king of Leinster, 
at lei^tfa agreed to a treaty of peace, and delivered his youngest 
son Ldurence into Dermot's hands, as a hostage for the faithful per- 
formance of his part of the compact. Dermot sent him to a barren, 
uncultivated part of the country as a sort of prisoner, where he was 
in imminent dangm* of perishing by fiamiue, Maurice being ap* 
prized of this fact, seized on twelve of MacMorrough's principal 
followers, incarcerated them, and notified to the king of Leinster, 
that he would behead them, unless he restored Laurence from his 
miserable captivity and returned him to his father. Dermot released 
the youth, and delivered him, not to bis father, but into the hands 
of the bishop of Glendalough, who entrusted the care of his 
education to his chaplain. Laurence was brought up so carefully, 
so perfectiy was he trained to the practice of virtue, that, shortly 
afler, he was appointed to the high office of abbot of Glendalough ; 
and not long subsequently, was raised to the still higher post of 
archbishop oi Dublin. He was, we are informed, a just and a 
good man. Henry IL, however, held him in considerable sus«> 
picion, as he had attended the council of Lateran, and there iur 
veighed much against the honour and conduct of the king of Eng<» 
land. For which reason, on his return homewards, he was detained 
in Normandy, and died there as above mentioned.'^ 

In the month of July, 1184, John Comin, archbishop of Dub- 
lin, arrived in Ireland, to prepare for the reception of the king's 
youngegt son, John, earl of Moreton ; to whom the kingdom of 
Ireland was assigned as his portion, at the parliament of Oxford 
in 1177. John had but the subordinate rank of lord of Ireland ; 
the great seal of that country having this inscription : Johannes 
Filius Regis AnglU, Domini Hibernia, We also find that the 
pope's legate had commission to exercise jurisdiction in Anglia^ 
fVallia, et illis Hibernice partibusy in quibus Johannes Comes 
Moretonii potesiaiem habeiy ei dominium, 
' On Wednesday, in easter-week, anno 1185, John, lord of 
Ireland, (aged then about twelve years) embarked at Milford 
Haven, accompanied by about four hundred gentlemen, including 
Giraldus Cambrensis, and a numerous train of inferior attendants. 
After a favourable passage he landed at Waterford, where the 
Irish princes flocked to his court in great numbers ; but from the 
disrespectful treatment which they received from John's Norman 
courtiers, Hiey retired in disgust, and many others who were 
preparing to attend and pay homage, relinquished their intention. 
This circumstance contributed not a little to the want of success 
attending John's visit to Ireland ; while the internal dissensions 
among l^e settlers contributed considerably to the same result. 
After a sojourn of eight months, he was recalled in September, 
1 185^ and J<^ de Courcy, earl of Ulster, appointed lord deputy^ 

* Hanmer— Girt Caipbf L lit c. xxW* 


A.D. 1 186^ Soderic, kMt M&eBitm BMawcik of Iraiaaclr v«iu^ 
terQy abdicatod^e tliroM.* He died k ll98y mdwiliihiednlb 
llie 8wmy of fiie aetive kings temunafted, afiter a conliiuiaiioa ef 
alMmt two thotttand five handred years. ^A dast of faktockiaB^ 
wko eofliposv wluit may be teviaed the ulira Insh party^ deplore 
thie ereal witli modi neeaimg earaestaete^ are ootrageoae at tlie 
part taken by Devamt MaeMcMrreogb, and lock on the eemaieiic^* 
neat of a fre^ era and the eetablii^ment ef a nofwvL dynasty with 
disKke md dissatieftictioa. Bui to the man who affbsdi the matter 
impttrtiaK eoaeideraCion, to him who digpasiaiOBfltely 'vieare tha 
eonduet and proeeedinge ef the Irish prioeesy and is cognizant of 
the aneient state of this distraeted cooatry, little jast ground will 
seem to attach t» their seatimeats. For what is^ ia brief, 1W 
simpte ihct< We fatd^ liiat el a list handed down to ue of one 
hundred and sixty nine moaarchs who reigned in Inekmd inmk 
Mileshis to Roderie, not more than fifty one (the Ist. 4th. 18th« 
20&. 21st. 22ad, 28th. 40di. 54thw ^th. oSi^ 68th. 70&. 78tfa. 
85th. 9lB«. 93nd. i^rd. 9fit3i. 9t5th. lOOdi. 101st 106th. 107(^ 
lllM. Il6tli. UBth. Il9ik. ]22ad. 125th. 134th. 136tk 141st. 
145th. 147th. 148th. 149th. 15let. 154th. 155tb. 156th, 158th. 
16(Hh. 161st. 163rd. 164th. 165th. 166tii. I67th. 168th. 169th.> 
appear to have died a natnral death ; and even of this number, 
somoy perhaps, might be deducted, did we knotw the circnmstaaeee 
of their exit, which appear to beuncertaia. Now most assciredly^. 
the evils entailed on Ireland by the English conqaest, might, in 
^ opinion of the above writers be very great^ the ceaseqaeDees to 
the country might be most perai^ioas, their sway migjit prove most 
detriments ; bat the inevitable (piestiea here anses^^ ^euhi any' 
change, under such circumstaiices, be for the worse? Could the* 
flivaders eneet greater horrors, could tlkey entaii more of coanaotion,, 
ananehy, and bloodshed on this unhappy land, than that to which, 
she had been already subject ? Assarsdfjr not ; and the resuk proves 
the fact. On the contrary, we cannot but consider k a bappy 
circumstance, a decided amelioration in the circumstaaoes of this 
Gountry, l3>at the miserable contentions of tdie native princes were 
aboli^d, by the introduction of the sway of one monarch for th» 
hingdfxn in general.f This topic would admit oi further aaaphfi. 
cation, but in a local history, any lengthened discussion of a general 
nature would be inappropf iate« 

King Henry II. died in Normandy, on tie 6th of Juiy,^ 1189« 
So much saftis&ctioB did f&e conquest of Ireland afford him, that^ 
in the list of his titles^ he placed that of lord of IreHand, before 
the introduction of the hereditary rank arising from Normaady and 
Aquitain. Henry II. was a generous, wise, and valiaat priaee. 
He may justly be classed among the aiost estimaMe monarcha of 
the age in which be flourished. 

• <yflahert/8 Oftys^ t Accsrdiog toCmaitai, thtlrnhvareM^Mrii^ 
to God for being conquered. 



if Richard I. A.D. 1189 to A.D. 1109. 

RicHABD, ia coBsequenoe of bis great ▼dbur, wrmtnod 
Cmw 4e Litt^ Bucceeded bis fiitber on tbe tiurone of England. 
it fi«eiM, hcrnvr^Tj tbat bis brother, Jobo, retainad Hie govern* 
XBtBDtof Irekmdy m pursuance of tbe donation of 117 7, already 
saentiened. During tbe reign of fiicbard, (long absent in tbe Hdy 
Lftnd), and part <A tbat of Jobn, Ibe country was plunged into 
coBtimied oonmotion ; confederacies were fonned against Sie Eng- 
li^, wbo 4safiered many reverses ; but disunion among tbe nativeay 
•oofladBined wtdi skill and firmness on tbepartof titegoveraaMBity 
at lengdi restored a temporary peace. 

In tbe &«t year of tbis reign, Isabel, only daughter and beir of 
Sirongbow, by Eva, princess of Leinster, was married to William 
Maxfieldy* lord Maxfield, earl marsbal of England. Tbis noble* 
maa descended ^us : Walter Maxfield accompanied William 4be 
Cmqaepor to England, as bis marsbal ; tbis Walter bad issue 
William, wbo bad issue, Walter, whose son was John, whose 
sen was William, married to Isabel. f He was greatly in favour 
with king Richard, and at his coronation earned die royal seeptce^ 
«n which was a cross of gold. 

A,D. 1 191. Tbis yem*, tbe aforementioned WiHiam, «arl mar- 
ebal, «was appointed lord justice, or governor of Irdand ; in which 
office be continued ioc six years ; a long pmod in those unsettled 
times. He was a man of much personal valour, and from bia 
^^nneely possessions in Ireland, was considered the most eligible 
« governor; ^ a time when the higher powers seemed to ahtaodon 
4ill care 4k 4be country. He was also the third of the temporal co- 
•adjuters appointed by Richard to assist the bishop «f {^iy in tbe 
^a^kdstrtflMm of affairs in England. $ 

King Richard returned from tbe Crusades in 11 94. One Fulco, 
« pnest, spoke veiy boldly to him on the vices of his court* 
^'Tbou bas^ O mighty king," said he, ^^ three daughters of very 
^doas and evU dispositions ; take good heed of Ibep, and be- 
rimes provide them with good husbands ; I mean Pride, CovetoiM- 
ness, and Lechery." The king smiled, and calling bis' lords and 
baroQS, «aid : ^ Here befi»re you all, I do presently bestow my 
llH^e daughters. First, I give my daughter, swelling Pride, to 
tbe proudTemplars ; my greedy daughter, Avarice, to the covetous 
order of l&e Cist^cian monks ; and my daugbter, liechery, to tbe 
wanton prc^tes of the churdi."§ This dialogue, assmredly, pre- 
eents no ¥ery flattering picture of tbe state of piorals, ei&er of 
'Cfergy •or laity, in those days. — ^Tbe Knights Templars soon after- 

**Haan». He Is t^<^ m^ia Hn^^tted^ by Sir W. Betham, lathe 
Kavaiia|;h pedigree* 

tll>«d. 2C«x. BMasse. §Ibamer. QoUsi^itih. 



wards eetablished tbemselve in our couQty ; the record of whick 
event will be found in its proper place. 

In the year 1197,* Hamo de Valoniis, or Hanno de Valois, 
(a gentleman of an ancient family in Suffolk), siTceeeded William, 
earl marshal, in the governorship of Ireland. This deputy, find- 
ing the Irish treasury nearly exhausted, did not hesitate attempting 
to effect its replenishment, by an invasion of ecclesiastical property. 
About the same period, John, a Cistercian monk, and abbot of the 
monastery. Z)tf Rosea Valle^ otherwise Monasterevan, was ap- 
pointed to the bishopric of Leighlin, by the charter of that diocese; 
and, in consequence of the absence of the archbishop of Dablioi, 
John Gomin, (who was either in England or Normandy), he was 
duly confirmed by Mathew O'Heney, archbishop of Cashel, and 
apostolic legate of Ireland. Hanno de Vajois, however, opposed 
the election of John, seized the temporalities of the cathedral of 
Leighlin, and took possession of the property of the canons. 
Under these circumstances, archbishop O'Heney was deterred 
from consecrating John ; who, finding he had no other resource, 
proceeded to Rome, where he was well received by Itnoeent III., 
who immediately performed the ceremony of consecration. The pope 
then handed the newly appomted bishop a letter, addressed to the 
chapter, clergy, and people of the town and diocese of Leighlin ; 
in which, among other matters, he mentions, that he has coDse<^ 
crated John, that he now sends him to his church, and commands 
that he may be obeyedt Pope Innocent also wrote a very severe 
letter to John, lord of Ireland, in which he complains of the 
violent and unjustifiable proceedings of his deputy, Hanno, in 
presuming to oppose the election of the canons, and taking posses^" 
sion of their goods. He censures John, for detaining the arch-' 
bishop of Dublin in Normandy, and commands him not to molest ^ 
the jbishop whom he had consecrated, in the performance of hits 
duty, nor permit him to be injured by any other person either in 
spirituals or temporals. He further desires him to compel Hannp 
to surrender to die church and canons of Leighlin, the property of 
which they had been deprived ; and threatens, that in case of re- 
fusal, certain wishes of his will not meet with compliance* By 
another epistle, his holiness orders, that the bishop shall not be 
subject to excommunication, except by the pope, unless for mant^ 
fest and reasonable cause. These letters were written in September, 
1 198, being the first year of the pontificate of Innocent III., and 
are to be seen among the decretal epistles of that pontiff. — John,^ 
bishop of Leighlin, enjoyed his new dignity but two years, having 
died in 1201 .f Hanno de Valois continued governor till the death 
of Richard I., when he was recalled. At a subsequent period, he 
granted twenty plough-lands to John Comin, archbishop of Dublin, 
and his successors, as compensation for the detriment which the 
metropolitan see had sustained at his hands. $ 

Richard I. died at Chalons, in France, on the 6th of April, 1199. 

^Incorrectly stated by tanigan. 1192. f Ware. Lamgan. | Lanigaa* 

Of fM eOttrtTT Of cAftto#: 69 

CHAP. V. ' ' • 

tUign nf fCtng Johh. A.l>. 1J99, tokJB. I^lfJ. 

Jfoflv^ wbd.Wbeenbrd of Tf€|laMfl since llTT. iisUiped th^ 
erowft of Oreat Brftala, on the deatti «f Ms brother Kichatd. 

Arthur, tiephejV of Jdhn, ^ras th^ rfghtftfl li^ft-, but he \<^a6^ it is 
sai^ murdered, 1)y order of Ws ut?cle^ \v^o'by ftiU lieferious deei 
secured the succession t© the flifione; H^ert, archln^op of Can- 
teAuy, was a (3uef tascratnent in eSe'cting* ftis ustapation. * Ifhd 
pen orthe ba^d of A.voi;»,3s \ven as that of the graver historian/have 
acme afnple justice tp the transactions of tlhis dai'k period in o^ 

Wlffiam, earlWraiial^ ivas created earl <# J^mbrdke/by fht 
ten& Q»*e'27fli May, 11^9.* Thus'ivas'he rtdsed to the'liigft 
rat/k, as he alreai^ erijoyed the extensive pbssed^ans^ oif jthe lat^ 
Kchard, «ar1 of Fembrolce, his father-in-law. ' ' 

tnthisre%n, Gilbert de Borard founded a preceptory tit Kit 
large. In our county, under .^e'mvo^atibn df *St. J6hn the Saptist, 
for Knights Templars.f (6). 

Herle\^ -succeeded Jdhn in the bishopric of Leigblin, in 4ihk 

Sir 1201. He was, like his predecessor, a C^istercian monk, 
e order of Cig^terciaos was by far the m6st wealthy in the king- 
dom ;; T^ch circun^tance will amply accotuit for Ibe advancement 
whicb so freouently attended them. He bestow^ on the biirgessei 
of Old tjeignltn, iheir burgages <^ dwelling-houses, accompanied 
by a grant of the frandhises or free-laws of Bd^tdl, fon the Tuleft 
OT which corporation, many in Ireland were modelled) ; reserving 
fo his see a yearly rent of twelve-pepce out of every 'burgage^ 
This was the first charter of Old Lei^hlin; but T cannot find that 
any fqll copy of it is extant. We Should pbserv^, that the word 
hurg/age, 4iere used, is to be taken in a seiise different from its 
common acceptation. It is ^ner^ly understood to mean, a s6(iage 
tenure, »by which a citizen, burgher, .or tottusman, held hi^ housd 
or lands within the dity, borough, or town from the -king or lord, 
at a certsdn^early rent; and was classed among the ignoble temires^ 
^fiicb had no relation to knight's service. Here, however, it is to 
be .taken ok inipl^ing, notihe tenure, but the dwellingthou^,^ 
borough town ; -or a burgess's house. A burgage in some places 
is called a frank-house.^ The liberties of Old Leigblin extended 
afanit»iini)0dBidii imlfrroimd tbe tofHn^.an^ i^ere 4e&?c[ hy 
large atanei^ aB>rr%ed.i7)f^^i/?jtf. ^du^^g^ns, J^ecf^H^hsn ,/i?c lapis 

William, .earl marshal, -and earl of 'Pembroke arrived in Ire- 
tari, A/D.1I2W41 ' SiBCe-his recal'froB^ t^ govemmeat of Ire- 

I WiK's Works, vol. I. p. 4^6. fol. ed. § Ledwich's Antiquities of Ir. 

II Hftftmw ; jPfK^>ij[i]MrBia ADglicana. voU ir p«4|. 


00 .B|9f0ST AKO ANTI^UIWBi , 

land, fae hai been enqiloyed by Jolm as ambmiador to AeFretiaii 
courty and in other offices of importance. He wis much, and 
jnstiy, in great favour with ibe royal family; as is evideDced by 
tfie repeated honours and splendid gifts conferred upon him. 

The earl commenced the erection of his castle of Kilkenny, 
immediately after bis arrival) and in the Mowng year (1208) was 
presented by his soverdgn with a renewal grant of theprincipafiit)^ 
of Leinster^ whicb.^0 enjoyed in right of his wifet This charter, 
(whicb may be seen among the records preserved in Ibe ioyrw of 
London^ dated 9th John, iSth Mareh,), appears to bave contmned 
some exceptions as to royalties, whicb were not introduced into thal^ 
granted by Henry II. to Strongbow. The foUowing is an ab- 
stract of its contents. It confirms to earl WiDiam sll his lands, in 
Leinster, witb the appurtenances^ to bold to him and bis heirs by 
jtbe sorvice of an bundred knight's fees : saving to the king and his 
beirs, the city of Dublioj and two cantreds adjoining, and the 
coinage oi money, and suit and service of the county of Dubliji^ 
as was beretofere customary. Saying also to the long and bis 
hears, the pleas of &e crown, as treasure, trove, rape, forstalT^ 
1)umin|^, and appeal for breacb of peace, or felony between the 
inhabitants of his territory. Saving likewise complaints for want 
of Justice in bis oourts, so that the complainant may prove ih& 
demult in the king's court, and that the plea should receive its BaaX 
determination by the king's ^vrit : saving^ also, that if ,any one 
should complain of injury done lum by earl William or his , court,^ 
and the complainant gives recognizances and pledges in the kiag'& 
court to prosecute bis complaintj that the said plea be determined 
by Ibe judgment of the king^s court. Finally, saving the coUation 
of bishoprics and dignities belonging to them.-— Then the king^ 
grants to earl William, the custodium of idiots of the lords of these 
Tees, which otherwise are held of the king in capUe ; saving the 
marriages of the heirs of such fees.^ 

On the 8th day of November, 1208, John further granted t(^ 
William, earl marshal and Pembroke, Ibe marshalship of Irelandj^ 
in fee ; by patent dated at Woodstock. 

About this period, the said earl marshal, incorporated the town 
of Kilkenny, ex^npting it from toll| lastage, pontage, and all 
bther customs throughout Leinster ;t and there can be no doubt,, 
that it was at the same time he granted the following charter ta 
'Carlow, (bein^^the first it received) as this privileges run in the 

^same terms. 


Charter GaANT£D to the buroessbs of gatrsrlacih bt* 


{Translation,) . . ' 

B^ it k^own tp all men, now ajid bereaft^, &at I, WuiUamt 
Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, have granted to my Bui^essev 

of Csrthedagb.aHsach- liberties as Burgesses ought to bavey ancl 

• ■..•-• . • , . ' _ 

* Harm's Ware.. t Cmu Hflbt Aag* 


il m bnvU iBrue to confer/ tolw Ufl nA'iiBfif^A'toit #rer ct 
•od ny Mrs by Acm and their Imsies. 

Inpiinisi viz. That fio BofgvM abaH be draram into any sait^ 

«r answer any pie* wbicb. sbail ariae within the bounds of the 

BofDogh, in ^ eaetle) or ekewbere, than in the fanndred coort 

of tibetown; except pleas -which eoncera the men of my house-' 

ImM armybailifb; butitshallbeheldinthefaandred'Ooart of the^ 

town. KohoBMoidecoantttted within the bounds of the manor 

ehiA beestoeaaed anaoder. Item^ no Boigese shall be coropeHedF 

to sngle eombaV or any appeal ^faifch may foe made against him>' 

codeeS'foir.tiiieL death of a nmn and tor lareeny, or any o^r plea 

fer wbiek.snigie eondbat can be reasonably awarded. Also the 

said Bbngessee ehail be quit of toUv lastage, passi^, p6ntM|e| 

and all otiber eastoms ttoaagbent my whole terntorj^and jurisdie-^ 

tiony eaoept in my tovan of Pembvake aad my town of Wexford.. 

JNo Burgess shall be amereed in any sam of BKmey unless by ^ 

adjndicatiott of the hundred court, aad tluit amerdment also to thei 

ulmoat duitt net exeeed tea shillings; the half of which shall be^ 

excused and the edier half vsndered as an •ames^ment. - But in' 

fninor frfeas^ such as of brsad and beer, or othir like forfeiture,' 

the.maerdnient shall not axceed two stnUings; the half of whick 

shall in like manner be leeaittedy aad the other half shall be 

rendered as an amerciment; and if anyone for bread- and beer, oi' 

ench Hke, shall hate incormd an amerciaKnt for the firsttime, it 

sbiA not exceed two shillings, tiw half of which shall be remitted; 

as has been befoce said, and the otherhalf rendered as an amevci* 

meat But if en second ofEimce, he shall have incurved' a like 

penalty, he shall pay two shillings^ and if on third offence he shall 

have incarred like judgment^ he shall pay half a mark, and the 

hundred couits shall, be held weekly. Item, no Burgess shall be 

drawn into any suit by misaomers. Item, it shall be lawful for 

erery Buigess to plead without frequent motion-; it shall be lawful 

fer tihe said Burgesses to distrain thmr debCorSf by such distress as 

shall be found in the town of Catheriagh, or if it happens that die 

plea shall be of live stock or fer distress taken an« brought into 

tiie hundred, and if perchance it shall haye hi^ppened that toll shall' 

have been taken from any Bargees within my land, or jurisdiction^ 

if any one shall have taken it imd have been required to restore it,' 

and 'Shall hare refused by seiaure, if the goods of any one of the 

same place from whence he is, shall be found at Catheriagh, tb^ 

shall be distrained to rec<Hnpense them. It fdmll not be lawfal for 

any foreign merchant to sell cloth by retail, or to keep a wine 

tavern in the town of Catheriagh, unless for forty dofu ;. add if 

any one would have it for a longer period,, what remain^ shall be 

seized for the common profit of the Burgesses of the town; J^o* 

Bosgess shall be driven or distrained within my land or jurisdictioii 

fer another's. debt, or unless he be surety or principal debtor. No 

Buigeas shall be compelled to bail any one, evea tfaoiufh he should 

have holden from him unless'^by his. own free wil>. I have also 

(ranted to die said Burgteses of Catheria^ that t)key,may c«u 


taet n»nta|« fcr Ihi»i»d1mj, lUrtoini, cbughtaniy atiiiiMeM, 

witibout leave of their lord% ualeni tbey bold foraigB tmenma(kinm^ 

^i0 dte Wovflk <^ me in ddef ; none of tbe lordt of wbich 

Biwigceite of Qifiierlagli iriio held foMgn ttMineatB efaHfi kiipo 

ibe custody or giTUig onrajr of iheir sons^ d e wg h tew, or widows ; 

Initf nevei&eleMy they iWl have the cvetddy of their own teMnte 

upjtil those who hiive been ia their caitody shatt arrive at afs, 

wdese they held of me inohie^ as afifitenaii, widioiit the Borough. 

It shall also b^ lawfid far tha said Burgvesea to have a guid of 

l^iercbazits and other guilds., aad their freeassn with eiwry liberty 

bdoDging to them,, as is the oiistom of other good towns. It shidl 

be alK» lawful for the said Baacgessea to difi|ieae of tbeir tenenenta 

winch they held in Burgage without pref udioe op injary to Am 

neighbours^ as they shdl deeat eoDpedMat^ whether edmoet, or 

gai^eos, or^enoloaiuTeay or oAer thmgs. I have also granted to 

th^m poweir to disposeof aU their acqoisiiliens, whether by gi^ 

ueie, or mortgage, withosit my conseat^ saving tiie services which 

are therefore due, except to ndigions men. It riiaU be lawftdibr 

tbs fisid Bmgasaae iaolosores ta have* ooamion of my 

woods. Item, no Burgess i4ail be compelled to lend Mediattels, 

unless Seciitity be 6rMk given him of restoring &eaei at a certain 

day i alad if any Bm^gess ^11 of his own accord lend his chattele 

to ^ baili& of nky casde, if Ihey benotdahveradnp wiAna forty 

days, he shaU be paid for theur use beyond thai time. And if 

perdbanoe thsce shall arise a change m iny bailifi^ ormy baiHIe 

shall resign, I will compel the baitiff, so i?etiring> tei reetoro his 

due tot tlmi, as they sh^ be able reasonably i» prove him indebted. 

I have also granted to my said Bnrgessea to have the power of 

mfddkig^ sTxCh of Uieikr teaaajfcs.£ree ast hold tsnemenls of twenty feet 

of land, that thus ^ey may ez^oy a commcm liberty witii the Bun 

gessdSk It may ba lavrful for my said Burgesses to^ establish and 

j^rove theirdebts by suit of lawftd men. . I have also granted to 

tiiem, that if any man shall have taken their chatt^lB for another's 

forfeited without the boroi|gh> they shall^ restored: to them without 

question, if Ihey shall be able reesondbly to prove them their pro^ 

perty. I have also granted to the said Burgesses a right to grind 

their com in my mills for a reasonable toll. I havebe^dee granted 

V> the said Bm^gesses. that Ihey and their heirs may. have mid hold 

of' n^y heirs freely and quietly for ever, their burgiftges wtidi their 

uppurtekianoes for the rent of ( > Oeof&y Bts-Roboit 

fioltconstitutedi viz: E!achbwrgi^withitB.appuftBnance&for t^ 

rent of twelve pence pevianttum, to be paid, half at the feaet of 

filter, and the other half at the feast of St. MkhaeL 1 wtU, 

alto, that no assize of victuals shall be made in the borough wnlesa 

by joint eonsedt of ihe Burgesses and my bailiffs^ asid, Aat thid 

eenceSskm, at >all future times may ^ntmue firm ^md stable; I ha^ 

coO&iMd ttiis cfaartepr witii my seal* Witness, JoJbt MM^kaff^ 

VkottmEHe-iFwt^tt, then Seneschal of Leinstor, R$/k F»;t'- 

^^^iSff^ RoMi^de Bal9^A, Bpb^rpik Oupf^, Master 

OP ton C017XTT 6* CAHtCW. W 

n^tirfi Muster BfftgA, Itttlpk an^ Robert^ ekrks^ and vovof 

Tli» sitHfilioiK oC I«ri9iidhad become «q deplorftU^^ from the 
twbi4»ii09 bq4 dydgyally qI tba ii»tiv#«« ftpd c^W cansw, tb»t Ml 
tW j«jm li\% J«Imi fovH^ i(^ vMPfissMy ^ emhfirk ^ Ireland. Ho 
littdeAM Watevfopi on ftbaBth ot June; wl^ Q'NeilUnd twenty 
olihpr dborigioul ^«(t«iim «Nid« their ^vbousiion, Tbe king tbm 
dQigwMtty iu»decl)Qok the ii^frov^wtnlof the cireamatwice^ of tbi 
conptiy. . An4 fii^ k« «oiiMid woMy and re^Mi^iired it cuir^t in 
botiii kiiigdoiDSy by bis proclamation ; in the next plficet ba pro^ 
diedsd to fst$b)i$b 4iie K^gKtfb l«w» in Ireland. Henry II* bad 
done •» oMicb us ttoM^aod tib« i»t«te of affwB pennittcid ; but John 
wpda » mor^ aypie ^ crw i gw y t io all important BsattonB. Ho 
erected or confirmed the division of that part o{ the country eub* 
jecttoUniy into tvolvo «oiMitieB|t among Mrbieb Cath«rlagb> or 
Carrowyivasome^ He ^pointed sbariffii and olbw ofiicers 9i» m 
EBflaiid. Ha canned an abstract of tbe Knglkb lawa and cu»tomf 
to ba drawn np in writing { to wUchba affix «d his seaJy and bad it 
depofiitad in tbaoffiae of the E|[cbaqu«r at PuhUn. He furth^ 
\vi^ «on«(ant of parliarognt, ordained that aaid law$ abould be Qb-» 
«ar«ad in IreUmdi and eractad f oarl» of juetiise in tba niatropolia4 
It is, however, to be obeerved, that the Irish continued ^fmvni&f 
mximW to dieir own Jaws.; a piactioa^ tba parmissian of wbich, 
waa a d a pta c abte arror on (be pisrt of tba govandmant. 

Jobavctanadip England on. tfieSOtb^Angnst, 1310;baviqg 
diona muf b towarda agiandiBg Ijhe miwamagea of bia fi^rxoer visit 
to Ireland* The country ooatinnfld aamparativafy imnquil during 
the six re ma ini f^ yisaos of bia raiisn. King John.diad at Nawar^ 
ontba IJ^ day of Oatobar^ i:^l& 


ttetgn of Henry ItL A.D. \2\Q^ tp A.D. 1274. 

fisNEt HI. racceeded Ins fktfaer in a!I his iJtte^ and eatateSf 
at Hie early t^ of nine years. He was proclaimed Ma? in tba 
presence of WHIimn, eail marshal and earl of Pembrolkei &c.^ 
the pope's legate^ andollters. llfae said William, earl marshal^ 
bad ^ command of fhe anpies at the death qf John^ and was 
noir appointed to the bigb and d&iified office of potector of dia 

* BsfalM A.D. 9fSM;, JMtli yea ibigd Etfwsurd I. 

fTliat^iwivta^ariglBillyBigHdsledliifetmilDryata'^ ttf 

sense is now the same as tiiat ofthc^ word ahire ; the foimer being derived 
from ^e French, the latter fi'om the Saxon. 

} Cbioaidssaf IrelaaH. M, ed. Wl. Cto. Lcland. 


Idogj and director of tlie affidrs of tbo kioffdiftn ; wUeh peiMl^ 
8ayB Hume, '' could not hare been entrusted into more able aad* 
more feitfaful bands." He renewed tiie great charter granted by 
Jobn, and issued a proclamation addressed to the nobilityj gen^, 
and people in general, calling on tbem to be true and ft^thftd to^ 
their king, Henry III.; which they the more readily acceded to> 
as Louis, prince of France, (a riral power)* was at Has tine ex- 
communicated, and began to dedine much in anHiorHy. The i^ 
peal of the earl had much influence with the barons ; enforced, as 
it was, by the character of honour and constancy which he had' 
ever supported.* 

Herlewin, bishop of L^htin, died in WW, or 12>7, accor-' 
ding to the annals of St. Mary's abbey, near Dublin : and was* 
interred in the conventnal church of Dunbrothy, a great part of 
which he had built.t 

He was succeeded by Richard, by some calted' Robert Fleming,, 
who was consecrated bishop of this see in the year 1217. He 
had a severe contest with the prior of €onall for some lands and 
tithes belonging to his bishopric, in Leix, now a part of the Queen's 
county. The suit, however, was terminated by composition ; ^0 
bishop resigned the lands and tithes to the prior, receiving an annual 
pendon of ten marks, payable to him and his successors at 


A.D. I2I9. On the 10th of March, in this year, Wifllam,% 
earl marshal, &c. &c., departed this life, and was buried in l3ie 
new Temple at London. § He played a very distinguished part 
'during the reigns of Richard I., John, and * Henry IH. ; and is 
inuch lauded by historians for his many virtoes. His loyalty and 
fidelity to his royal masters, merit our highest eulogitnn ; and 
Henry HI. was clearly indebted to him for the stability' of hid 
throne during the early part of his reign. The principles upon 
which he acted, on the deatb of John, are thus set forth by Hume: 
^' This nobleman, who had maintunedhis loyalty unshaken to Jokn 
during the lowest fortune of that monarch, determined to support 
the authority of the infant prince ; nor vras he dismayed at the 
number and violence of his enemies." Which statement is fully 
supported by the subsequent career of Ibis eminent individual. — 
By his wife Isabel, (who died anno 1221, and was buried at 
Tmtem abbey in Wales,) be had five sons and five daughters. 
First, William married Eleanor, sister of Henry III. ; died the 
6th of April, 1231, and was buried in the choir of tite Friars 
Preachers, at Kilkenny. Second, Richard, who was mortally 
wounded at a battle on the Curragh of Kildare, against tiie O'Con-* 
nors and others. He died on the 12th of April, 1234 ; not without 
just grounds for the opmion, that his death was caused^ by mem* 
bers of his own party. In &ct, to atone for the death of Richard, 
Maurice Fitz-Gerald (then lord justice) found it necessary to 
' enter into an explanation of his conduct before the king ; ofieiring 

* Hume. Hariss's Waie. t Ibidr . $ Hiinmei. 

OF THS coDitTr OP oAtihoir. 85 

to eractand UbertUy endow an abbey, in wbkh to provide for the 

r^etttion of prayers for tiie repote of earl Richard's soul.* Ficz- 

Gerald' wis djsmissed finon the justiceship; but, through the 

mediationof the aofaiUty, succeeded in appeasing the wralli of 

Gilbert the third son* who succeeded his brother Ridiard inliis 

titles and estates. He married AbuEgaret, daughter of William 

Idiigf^ Sootiand, in 1235; and died, in consequence of a fell from 

Ui borse»t at a tournament on the 28th of ^farch 1242. Waltei; 

the fixtfth 80o» succeeded. He had some difficulty in obtainingthe 

kilig's penwssion, to enjoy ike possessions of the frunily ; as he had 

suggested and directed tiie tournament at which his brother was 

kiUed. Waiter died at Qodrike castle near Monmouth^ and was 

buried at TintSR)) A.D. 1245. Ansebn, the fifth son of earl 

aeuvshaly became possessor of the patrimony on the death of Walter. 

He had manned Matilda, or Maud, daughter of the earl of Hert- 

Ib^ who surrived Urn; but in consequence of Anselm having 

neglected doing, homage to the king, previously to his taking pos* 

session of his estate^ she was debanred from the benefit of dowry* 

AUosipn is thus specially made to the case, in the English statutes i 

^ Whm any dieth and his heir entereth into the land^ ' that his an* 

castors held of the Idng^ the day that he dieth^ bef<H'e be hath done 

homage to the Idagf ami received seizin of the king, he shall give 

no freehold thereby ; and if he died seized during that time, his 

wife shall not be endowed of the same land, as came late in use, 

by Maad^ the daughter of the earl of Hertford, wife of Anselm, the 

marshal Who after the death of Walter, mmnduJ of England, his 

brother^ took las sezin of the manor and castle, of Stix^l, 

(Chepstow), and died in the same castle, before he had entered by 

the long,, and before he. had done homage unto him ; whereupixti 

it was i^greed,, that his wife should not be endowed, because that 

her hudMndhad not entered by the king, but rather by tru8iQn."$ 

Anselm died on the sfone asonth wi^ his predecessor Walter ; 

none of the brothers leaving issue. . 

Previoosly to notidng the das^ghters of William, earl marshal 
and of Pembroke, we shall state some further particulars which 
have reached us i^ative to his male heirs. 

WiUiam, the eldest . son, was a person, of considerable distinctioii 
in his time, and enjoys a prominent place in the . annals of hia 
country^f On his. accession to the possessions of his frither, the 
bishop of Ferns, (a Cisteiciaamonk), made a formal ccmiplmnt io 
&e king, that William, the late earl, had forcibly taken possession 
of- two manors, or lordships, bdonging to his church, and held 
them by the sword. Having firequentiy remonstrated with, the earl, 
hot to no parpose, the bishop thundered against him the . sentence 
of excommunication.; which the earl completely despised, and al* 
leged his determination to retain the Icnnbhips by the law of arms. 

* Gsxi HIb. AnfU vol. I. UsBBMr; f Mills*. Catalogue of Honoiy. 
Haamer 4sys he was ''8laif».'' 
I Haamief • Cbron. of Irelsad* § See Hume, Hist fioalsad. . . 



On ^Mdk ^ttdwta&tmy cm Mtktimi% we urn tdld. ifviote A» 

wliiek flonge ^u—ti y ivtcmtMi tm\a^tiSbtk W«])ftMii> •Mtl ttarilMil, 
lii« yMtfgnr^ Oti the dettdi «f tto eirt/toi Irttfaop j»tff nfc y»< » ^» 
iMidoni adA^ m idMadf steltii^lnid ktft«afte 4be&M tk i l} ; enlraai^ 
ii^ Mm, in reigu^ te the toBf^ 9oul,<t^ bse to«o i > W ftiy i i ii i tlwl | y» 
ai^ itiuft bn {iriticarif sinndcte <l^ -Ite t n ntmiW ifii fc ^ tiMft 1M«^ 
masMrs^ vAdk^, ^9t tn :&eir iMitwry to Itifliy 1li« «aA«ft^ 
tiioiicli dtiatly ^blbain lift fauefit «r HbfecdttlAili. t^ idMry (JMmi 

and dteitwd ^m^ iie «ioald rtfpair «» the «»rr« tMib^ «t ttfie T^iMiA^ 
andnfasdlitalum; «prbitite ^vMNild ^fitai^dtMir <t> %«•« ttie ^ttRMMer 
gafcisla(6tDi% rad^stei. Ite ieibgs utettoitipMii^d 4»f Hw ']^)ttt6, 
proeeeded to 4^ <tonMb «f cMrl uittfefaiily ^k«ft 4bi» lafteiv^a 99&A 
V9ioe, «Miv#red UuMlf «8 fulimfe : "* O Willlimi^ tlttAOfeM llMt 
iii«erred,'and ilitfSffnAiW^i^ k>Mk iof i^iMdttfttiimieMllNi) tf <llli» *Ahl^ 
whtck 4hou Inst iqulioii^fylaikMialna^ ffmt *aPf dwtcft! li^vlMt- 
totted bfdie km;, w by Ifam Iwkv ^t ilfy «dMift «ti4» ^<lhy Ididi^ 
0r friends, iHl^<oixai|W«etttisa1i«fat!tid», <«ib^4i%^e^; otli«t<«»4M» 
I<do«llfify (ihe:£tasd sMteiie^ ^Ifat tiottbtfiffg «viMf ^m^elih'fstf 
snsy >n£^ raaain damtted iii telL*' 1^ Itang' ^ran '«ittc% 'hio«m^ 
«t4ibis 'laBguafa<of Hm! balMfy afid^arply^pi^oitdlied^ii&fef lib 
intaodiirataiigtnav lUie{)ii^te «M9vr«t^> ^'ItfylOfd -|tiddr<Ba£( 
doveraigii, marvid'ftDt^ <lh6ag^ $ %e diit 0f tpa^Mi^y #r be %8ilfa 
spoiled Iniy «burkfik 1» lift gvettt 0M«iifodi«)F;''-^¥h€(<kitig^4il% pri- 
vately conferred with William, tbe ^dieKt '6ti«i -c^ lihd 'Aei^eWsed 
MtA, :andis0aie(of liis'ire^bMn; ^aani ^urgietrtly <i>«i;6ttiiti6fidi^'lbem 
to^restovectbe»i«iiofS4iin^stif^ttftte^, land iftef«by <d^her >tk«ir 
father's soul. To. which WtlMtnti <i>e{)li«d:' *<<€ do iM )n$liei%, 
BtidMr^kittoilMft'Cmsditfed, tet rttfy ^ft(tb«f*tMki^«te ibji#ioii6]y, 
ioc that ^Kdiidi is ^roifeftjby-lte idword, «iay(]»tt^ii)ly be ^joyedf> 
for if diat did and denting l^h(Q)ihatk^giv^ % ^wrOng ^enteice, let 
tbe Du^se light ^crpon hitiowb pate^ It«(4M4iot \recdleB my etttiiley 
n0r^fiiEtt«Bk*4ie iuhefitanoe WhdMwMh il am 4iitrasted; mf^)KSSt 
di0d8«]3ed<rf,«ikll%ave^ght>y ei^tif^^ To th«0)e >m)iid)i all 
the bfoiluirs yidd«d «hdn^fle)il«r^«^. The^king being! thidnxyotti^y 
aod^und^r ^rgua«iiki»i^P'^^a 1tilm-/WtiB not dii)poiMBdfto<«ei«ri^ 
agakMit a!{Mii«(d«ii^'Of'fioinittdh'^bi^ttMee ao'tke^iMd'; "iHio^wasi^ 
nioireov^, th^ s<m of kib h&^ ^riiMid. fV^n the 'bklkop ^percel^nsa^ 
that his suit was fruitless, and observed, the favour shown to tiie 
a«BB*of tbe4aile«ari, 1(6 Mis gix«% ^«xcit^, -aiJd itunliUg :to the 
king, confirmed his malediction in these WWdS, '^bVeh^B «jldkie^ 
alond : « What I tettfesaia, I hive safd ; tvhat iltavd* written^ I 

OF TBfi c6UNTir at CARLOW. 6t 

Irtive writt^ ; never to be blotted diil,^^ - Be Hheti- de(xSrt^> P^^. 
phesyiog all manner of ill success to e^I WiQIaM and his brd^ers.* 
In alhisioa to this affair, Jeoifry Kea^g sliyd : '* Out of fiVesbns 
liot ofie survived to ei^oy the^ curs^ bcquisitioiis of the /^allher,* 
^o died childless/'t In tiiese fi^w ^ords there Is much df tihtye-^ 
ewmng acerlMty of laligfui^y and Aiuch of untrikth; for the fiver 
edns of the earl did survive and enjoy hi^ estates, a'nd s6 fet' wa^ 
lie fr<m> dying childless, that he haSdten children oh his decease ;* 
through the females of which, his possessions were handed doivtf 
to aucceediog generations. T)i& ptlest might be excused for k litde 
violence in reference to the conduct of the earl, who certaiuly does 
i)ot a^i'peur to have beeifi^ a very bigoted adherent of the- church / 
Imt iicxhing can excuie n writer; and ^particularly a reverend 
jbctbi of divinity,' for «i* barefaced deviation fi^om tmth.^ 

In ^e year 1221, William, Earl M^n^hai, had great cohte^t^ 
with Hugh de Lacy of Meatfa, ip #hkh the' latter distnct«\iffi^red 
great detrim^t.§ Hfnvever, in 1224, When the earl Was' fjord 
Justice, Lacy was compelled to submission, and at the end of thi^ 
year was pardoned. || Soon after the arrival of Geoffry de MariscO 
as Lord Justice, it is probable thatth^ earl marshal rejMired to 
England, to render an account of his administration : the Irish 
took imnsediate advantage of the absence of so formidable an op^ 
^nent, and raised an -army of' 20,000 nien, who, however> ' weiW 
i^)eedily defeated by De Lacy. V ' . 

A.D. 1239. This year long Henry celebrated Ghrisfma^ ait 
Windke^ter, wit^ the u*ual festivity. The eervanU of Gilbeit,. 
(at this time earl marshal), were with their master in attendance 
on the occasion ; end conceived that they had recdved offence^ in 
<M>iiseqneiice of beings prevented from enteiing the Idilg^s court 
<ii^th :^eir tipstaves. The earl complained to the king, from whotki 
lie unexpectedly received a short and uiisaiisfactory tostvei^ ; which 
displesAed him so much, that he immediately le& the court, and 
{ieroape Aever returned to it. 

t We now proceed to the co-heirel^ses of -William, earl niarsha] ; 
end ae lull information • on the subject must be interesting an<l 
desiraye, we shall give the accounts of four difierent autlkoritieft 
oin the subject; pointing odt where discrepancies exist* 

... I . 

t Uattmer.— CoK. . . . t .• . ^ . f Hiit Sfw p^ SS7* ftth ed. Ldnd. .1726. 

X , ^19 tpay as well h^r^ noiii^.9ndtiber ex^t^rqiiwry error (oir saipe^jf^g 
else) which we have detected in Keating'a ^story. In p. 18, of fhia work^ 
18 given a Ktatement from Jiim, referring to AM* 213, where he says* that a 
•consideiaUe time afterwards, Eneas and fiithne wm slata, &c. And when* 
leader, think you, did this ** considerable time" arrive ?: : In the year.473i 
aotljsas ttian 360 years afterwards; when we find it; ejtpreasly atlttent—*!* now 
it W98, that the battle of Cill Qsnach was fought at Moigh F^a in jtlije county 
of C^flrlo, fimr^ndles eitettvard of LeigbUn« In thi^ action Aongdd, who had 
been king of Munster thirty^ix years^ lost his life ; his wife also, whose 
name was Eithne Uathacfa, was slain." (Hist. Ir. p. 346 foil. ed. Londf 47i6.) 
Of a verity, antediluvian livqs were enjoyed to alater period^ thaii we had be- 
fote conceiiied ! In sober sadness, ire fear that the rigid critic might hfre re-- 
Sttrk, that a Certain description of persons should have good memorieii. 

I Haamer* )| Cox* IT Cos.— Borlase, Reduction of Ireland. 




1. Tht ddest daughter Maud married Hugb, E2arl of NorUku 
William^ Earl of Warren, and Walter, Lord DuostuiTil.* 

Maud was married to Hugb Bigod, Earl of Norfolk^ who waa 
Eari Marshal of England in r^ht of his wife : hy whom he had 
Ralph Bigod, father of John Bigod, the son of the lady Bertha 
Fumival ; and Isabel Lacy, wife to John Lord Fitz-Geffery, by 
whom after the death of Hugh Bigod, Elarl of Norfolk, she had. 
John de Waren, Earl of Surrey, and his sister Elizabeth d' Albany,, 
countess of Arundellf 

The county of Carlow was alioted to the el<lbst$ 

Palatinate of Carlow. — Hugh le Bigod, Elarl of Norfolk, earl 
marshal and lord of Carlow, yur^ tutor is, married Maud, daughter 
and heir, lady of Carlow.*-William Plantagenet, earl Warren and 
Surrey was her second husband. — ^Walter, lord I)unstan>ille, third 
husband, brother to Alan, ancestor to the present lord Dunstanville* 
Issue by first husband, — Roger le Bigod, earl of Norfolk, lord of 
Carlow, and marshal of England, who conveyed Carlow to the 
crown. The county of Carlow and marshalship of England were 
afterwards granted by king EJdward L to Thomas de Brotherton, 
(first son by his second wife), from whom the lordship and county of 
Carlow descended through the families of Howard, dukes of Nor* 
folk, and lord of Carlow and Berkeley, who forfeited by reason of 
the statute of absentee8«§«— Ralph Bigod, third son, who had issue 
Isabel. — John Fitz-Geffery, lord of Ber)$hamstead, married Isabel, 
from whom John Fitz-Joho Fitz-Geffery, loni^^f Berkhamstead. 
His issue ; Richard, John, Maud, first daughta: and coheir, wife of 
Gerard, lord Furnival. Isabel, wife of Robert, lord Vispont of 
Westmoreland. Rolline, wife of Walter, earl of ITlstetr. Joan, 
wife of Theobald, lord Butler of Ireland. — Thomas, lord l^urnival, 
issue of Maud, married Elizabeth, daughter of Peter de Montfort 
Thomas, lord Fumival, married Joan, daughter and coheir of 
Theobald, lord Verdon. — ^William, lord Fumival, married T^Hna- 

sine daughter of Sir Dagworth. — Joan, daughter anaiheir 

of lady Fumival, married Sir Thomas Neville, lord Fumival, 
Jure ujcoris. — Maud, daughter and coheir, married Sir John Talluo^ 
created earl of Shrewsbury and Waterford, lord of Wexford, ^Mrf 
uxoris. Issue by second Ausband. — ^William, earl Warren an^^ 
Surrey, from whom the Duke of Norfolk descends. || 

It will be seen, that the statement of Mills, and the las^ agr< 
precisely as to the connections of Matilda, or Maud, the eldesj 
daughter of William, earl marshal. 

2. The second daughter of William, earl marshal, named Joan)^ 
married Warren, lord Montchensy, the richest baron in England.^ 

Joan Marshal (whom Camden, or rather the annalist fronr^ 
whom he copies, incorrectly styles the fourth sister) was married V 

• Mills' Cat. of lion. t Camden'0 UritanHia, vol. 3. p. 670. \ 

t Antholofia Hib. vol. i. p. 38. § Temp. Henry viii. 

\\ The Kavansgh pedigree, bySirW.'Botham, Ulster King at Amu 

H Mais. • ' • - . ; 


oV tvi OdtrNTt or cAVLoir. It9 

Id the lofd Otsartn de Mountchensey^ tnd had ksue^ Joan de 

Tlie coanty of Wexford was albted to the second.f 
Joan, second daughter aod co-heir of WiUiam de Hatnpsted. 
dke was lady of Wexford. Married Warine, lord Mont^fa^ey, 
lonL of Wexford.ytiTtf usoHa. — Joan, daughter and sol^ heir, lady 
of Wexford, married William de Valence, eaH of Pembroke, 
Uf brolhcr to long Henry HI., 1^ of Wexford, jure wtdrit. 
Iiaae: AyHier, eari of Pembroke^ died without bsue. IsabeHa;, 
wife of J(An, lord Hastings of Abergavenny, to whom shfe 
lirought Wexford as her sbare^ — Agnes> wife of Maurice Fit£' 
Gendd, to whom she brought Geshtll and Ophaly, and was an- 
cestor to the earls of Kildare and dukes of Leinster. She mar- 
lied, secondly, Hugh de Baiiol) brother to John, king of Scotland, 
and tldrdly, John de Avemes.-^oan, wife of John de Comyn of 
Badenodi, to whom she brought Gainsborough. — John Hastings, 
loid of Abei^Tenny and Wexford, died 12th Edward 11^, married 
JoBiu daoghter and heir of Thbmas de Leyboume, lord Of Eltham; 
Lamrence Hastings, lord of Abeigavenny and Wexford, created 
eari of Pembroke, 13th October, 13, Edward III., 1348 ; mar- 
ried Agnes, daughter of Roger Mortimer^ earl of March, died 
^ Edwa^ III.— ^ohn Hastings^ eari of Pembroke, lord of Aber- 
gavemiy aad Wexford^ married Anne daughter of Sir Walter 
Matming. Issoei John Hastings, who died without issue. — ^Eliza^- 
Wh Hastings^ daoghtej^ of tibe abore John, lord Hastings and 
Issab^a, married Rogef> lord Grey of Ruthyn. From whom, 
Reginaldi lord Grey, lord of Wexford, who married Mary, 
dai^ter «f Jdu^ loni Strange of Blackmore.-^Reginald, lonl 
€rrey of Ruthyn, and lord of Wexford, married Joan, daughter 
of WiHiam, k»d Ashtey.-^Sir John Grey, K.G. died during the 
life of his fother ; married Constance, daughter of John HolTand> 
dnke of Bxefler. — Edmond, lord Grey de Ru^yn, Hastings and 
Wexford^ eUest son and heir, created earl of Kent, whose des- 
cendaot stfll emoys the title of baroness Grey of Ruthyn. He 

married Katharine, daughter of Henry Percy, eari of Northum- 

3. The third daughter, Isabella, married Gilbert, earlofGlou- 

oaatetv ^^ afterwards Richard, eari of Comwal], king of the 

Isabd was omxried to GQbert Clare, earl of Gloucester ; sh^ 

had Richard de Clare, eari of Gloucester, and the lady Anise» 

coimtes»of Avema, who was mother of Isabel, the mother of lord; 

Robert Bruce, eari of Carrick, in Scotland, afterwards kmg oC 

that nation.]| 
The county of Kilkenny was allotted to the third sister. IT 
IsiabeBai third daughter and co-heir of William de Hampsted, 


• Camden, f Anthol. Hib. I Kavanagh pedigree, 181 7. h MiU*. 
II Camden. Chambers, in hia History of Scotland* gites a copiout ae^ 
count 6T this branch. 
tAiithoK Hib. 

79 glSTOBX AKP>mift0mtt 

b|d Ki%«iB9y tl» W ^^oie, Mar/Mid ftret, OSbfict de Giaro> mI 
of Gloucester and Hertfort ; secondly. Richard Plantagenet, easA 
of Cornwall, king of the {laraans^ .^d ae^mi son of king John, 
by vrbicm she ha^ no wue. — tissue by 6x9% huvband : RiduMd de 
Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertfort, lord of Kilkwmy, marned 
Jtfaud, da«5^tfr of J<dm de Ij«acy, e^rl of liiooolQ. — Gilbert, eari 
of Glpucfster and Hertfprt, died 1295. . Married Joian,. .princew 
of England, daij^hter of king Ed^iud I. erfled Joan o£ Aciw. 
Issue ; I, GQbeit de Clarf , ^arl of Gloucester, slab ajb Bannockbam, 
1814, withoi^ issue* He married Joan, ikter of Joimrde Buvgbr, 
801^ pf Ricbar^, ?ari of Ulster.— % EUzAbeth, iddest aistfflr aad 
ca^l^ir, mftiried Theob^d d« Verdon, who gok Ihe honour oC 
Clare<» issue: Joan, daugli^tet andoo-beir^ ^^e of . Thomas, loid 
Funijval, finom whom tbe T^ih<*s, eailfi pf .Shrewsbury and lords 
pf . Wexford,-^?, Margaret, wife of Piera Gaveston, earl of Com;. 
wall^ secondly of Hugh de Audley, earl 4xf Gloueester, jurt wf* 
pris.—49 Elinor, yni^ of Hugb la Dea(>€»tS0r, the younger,. wk» 
had Kijlodpny with her, fqad sold it to Edmond, earl <^ Carrick, 
iuocestor to'&e M&i^u^ o^ Orinonde.f ' . «^ 

4, Sibilla, tl^e fourth daughter of the earl inaishal, married 
^nrilliain, earl Ferrer^ and I>aiil^.t 

' Sybil, CQii^tess of Feprcors, bed issue, seven daughters ^ &e 
^^si, csd)ed Agnes Vescie,. mother of lord JoUi and lord W4U 
Jiaifi; Yescie ; the second, Isabel Baaset; the ihir^, . J^u Mohun, 
wife to lord t]qh|i ,Mohun, son of lord Reginalds the 'fburth, 
Sybil Mobuni wife to iori FranQis M<)bun, lol^d of Mi^urst ; the 
jf^fth, Ele^or Vims, yfii^ to Ihe ea|;l i>f YTindheeter ; .thesLtetb, 
Af at Mortimer, wife to loud Hugh Mortimer; ihe.seventti^ Maud 
j|ym@, lady pf ,Carbry4 / /.' 

'The>couqtyof JECi^are was given to. the fourth daughter of 
theearl^§ . , . 

' Sibilla, fqifrth daughter and oo-heir of. William de Hampsted, 
whose nhare of Lei^ster wasKildar^, nmrried Williaim^leFerrays, 
i^fLf] of Derby. , Issue : Agnes^ wiie of William de Yesey, lord 
<)f Kiidare»y«r6.f/^£>m.|| 

5. The fifth and youngest daughter, Eva, married William de 
l^repsy lord of.BreckiJock.^1 

From Eva de Breo^, descended Maud, the moUiev of lord 
Edmond Mortimer, mother of the lady Eva de Cauntelow, mother 
.of the lady Milsoud de Mohun, who tvias mothier to lady Efeaaor, 
motber to the earl of H^eford.*!*^ • 

Th^ palatinate of Leix, now part of the Queen's '4;ounty, was 

alloted to the fifth .tt 

Eva, fifth, daughter and co-heir. Her share was Leix or Dan'» 

more in Ossory. She married William deBraoae, lord of Breck- 

Buck and Lc^Xy^ifrf.^^if. — Issue;. Maiid, daughter and' heir : 

'from this lady the royal families of Great Britain, France, Prussia, 

*|Uyanash pedigree. tMUlt. } Camden, ' §Ant,Hib. 

11 Kavanagh pedigree. ITMilU. •• Camden, ttAnt^HiU 


Danninky the Ne6i6riaiids» Sardtnfaiy SaYwiay 'Saxony^ ahd afe6 
the imperial hoase of Austria, descend. I^e marrifed 'Roget 
MortiBMr^ lord of Wigmore.aiidof heix. Jure meoris/^ . 

Partition was made between the five co^heireflses at Woodflitod^ 
on the 3rd of May, and tiiirty-first year of the reign of Henry 
III.t It will be recoUectedy that these noble personages were 
descendants of Dermot MacMorrongh, last king of Ldnster ; who 
had, also, nmnerous and distinguished posterity through his illegi- 
timate son, Donnell ; of which, the particulars will be found in 
another part of this work. 

A.D. 1226. Richard Fleming, bishop of Leighlin, died this 
year, hf^g governed the $ee about fune years. 

He was succeeded in 1227, by William, archdeacon of Leigh- 
lb, who beiug elected bishop, obtamed the roval assent op the 
14th of November ; yet not without many applications and con- 
siderable delay^ in consequence of the election having taken place 
without the king's previous license. However, the informality 
was at length excused, on account of the high character of the 
bishop dect ; but the chapter and clergy were obliged to sue out 
lettens patent, certifying that such a conge iel^ehdAi&Bxieit lest 
at any future time (he irregularity might be prejudicial to the pre- 
rogatives of the king or his successors. The manner of this elec- 
tion, (notwithstanding the endeavours made to remedy its first 
^le^Blity), afterwards proved a bad example to many chaptera in 
the kingdom, who, in several cases, proceeded to elect in the first 
instance, and afterwards sought the necessary approval. Thus 
showing the dangerous consequences attendant on the permission 
of undue encroachments. In ] 246, the bishop granted thirty 
days' indulgence to such as would contribute to the building of St. 
Pmd's, London. He died in 1251, (having held the episcopal 
office twenty-three years), and was buried in his own church.:} 

3y yiitne of a conge delire from the king, one Thomas was 
elected by tilte c4iapter on the 22nd of April, 1 252 ; and the same 
year was consecrated bishop. He was the first prelate of this 
see who bestowed prebends on his canons.§ 

.It appears that Idrone, last granted to Raymond le Cfrosfif, 
changed owner again in this reign ; Raymond resting satisfied 
probably with very extensive grants in other parts of the country ; 
since enjoyed by his descendants the ancient families of Fitz-Mau-^ 
rice and Grace* Maad, countess of Norfolk, or perhaps her 
husban4, granted the barony of Idrone by certain services in fee to 
the faodilv of Carew.|| It seems, however, that the MacMor- 
roughs, descendants of Donnell Kavan^h, remained by sufferance, 
and under tribute, in the same district.^ 

Towards the conclusion of the present reign, one of the Cajrews 
fiH9>d«di^ monastery for Carmelites, orWhi^te Friars, nem* the 

* Kavaimgh pedigree. 

t MUis. • Baron Einglas Informs U9, that the dau^ters were all married 
during the lifetime of their father aud brothers. 
} Harris's Wat«. vol. i. p. 41^6. § Ibid. H Uarrif. IT Finglat. 

KackCasde, on the east baikk 6f the river Barrow, at LeigUim 
bridge. It was dedicated to tbe Virgin Mary.* 

King Henry III. died at London, on the 16th of November, 
1273 ; after a protracted reign of fiily-six years. 

CttAP. Vlt. 
Reign of £dwdrd I. A.D. 1272 to A.D. I30l . 

Edward I., (from the shape of his person, styled Long- 
Shanks)y succeeded his father. 

We find two persons named William le Gras (or Grace) gover-» 
nors of CarloW, In the years 1268 and 1275. They served ad 
deputies to the ea]fls of Norfolk, lords palatine of the district. 

Thomas, bishop of Leighlin, died on the 25th of April, 1275, 
being twenty-thifee years since the period of his election. 

lie was followed by Nicholas Chevers, a Franciscan friar and 
archdeacon of Leighlin, who was duly elected by the chapter, and 
obtained the royal assent on the 16th November, 1275. He was 
not, however, restored to the temporalities until the year 1277; the 
reason of which delay is not exactly known. The circumstance 
is conjectured to have arisen from the fact, that the see of Dublin 
was then vacant and continued so for several^ years ; so that the 
bishop elect could not apply to his metropolitan for confirmation. 
This cause is in some degree implied in a bull of pope John XXI f .^ 
dated 28th of October, 1276, and directed to John, bishop of 
Clonfert, the pope's nuncio, and others : in which having noticed 
the election, the vacant state of the fee of Dublin, and the appli- 
cation of bishop Chevers to the court of Rome for confirmatian, 
he authorizes his commissioners to make inquiry into llie saict 
election, and the merits of the person elected, and to confirm him, 
if no objection existed. His confirmation immediately ensued.f 

AD. 1281, The Irish were very turbulent at this period. 
Mortagh MacMorrough Kavanagh and his brother Art, two of 
their leaders, were beheaded at Arklow^:^ 

In the year 1296, William de Ross, prior of Kilmainham, \(^as 
appointed deputy on the departure of Sir John Wogan, late gover- 
nor. The ride of a priest had no terrors in the eyes of the Irish \ 

• Ware. Archdall. Ware mentions a nunnery founded at Graney, in 1200; 
which Harris states, that he incorrectly places in the county of Klldare in- 
stead of county Carlow; but this generally accurate antiquary is here in error « 
Graney ii a parish in the barony of Kilkea and Moone, county Kildare— 
there is no such townland or pariish in the county Carlow ; and therefore Sir 
James Ware is right. Graney bordero on the county Carlow, ^od bei|ce» 
probably, the mistake of Harris. 

t Harris's Ware, J Hanraer. Cox. Kavanagh pedigrtie* 


wboy fin&g a iavoumbie opporUwity, luinng fkom this cauiiB, a» 
well as the abeeiice of most of the nobility aod gentry, who were in 
attendance on the king in Sootland, forthwith broke out into re* 
belUon in various parts of the country. The insurgents of Slieu*. 
naiigy burnt Old Leighlin and other towns. This deed led to ei 
charter from the succeeding kinff, EM ward II., empowering the. 
peaceable and well-disposed inhaoitants of Leighlin to take effectual 
steps for their protection against -these marauders. This document 
win be found in its proper place. 

About the year 1300/ a preceptory was built at Ballymoon, in, 
our county, by the Knights Templars; who, 'however, did not long 
enjoy tiie possession of it, 

A.D* Idol. The Irish of Leinster were in a state of open in-, 
sarrectum at this period, 

Felix was prior of St. Steph^'s at Leighlin, but die time is nol^ 
known. In 1304, Philip was prior, and the year succeeding John 
hehl the office.t 

On the let of April, 1307, Morrough Ballagh (probably one 
of the Kavanaghs) was beheadisd at Merton, by 8ir David Caunton, 
Knt ; who was afterwards hanged for it in Dublin, anno 1309« j; 

King Edward I. died on the 7tfa of July, 1307, in the thirty-fifth 
year of his reign, and sixty-eighth of his age. During the period 
he held tibe sceptre, the condition of Ireland was most deplorable. 
Bdng himself actively engaged in the affairs of Great Britain, it 
necessarily followed, that die government of Ireland should be en- 
trusted to other hands. And unfortunately, the wise or benevolent 
measures of the deputy of the day, met with little support from the 
barons or clergy ; who seem to have indulged in the gratification 
of their selfish passions, rather than in attachment to the course 
which duty dictated. 


Reign of Edward 11. A.D. 1307, to A.D. 1327. 

Eklward liie second, son of the late king, succeeded his father. 
In the year 1308, the king, having received tibe commandd 
of the pope, caused all the Knights Templars in Great Britain 
and Ireland to be made prisoners, and their property seques- 
trated. Being a formidable body of men, it was necessary that 
much caution should be observed in the management of this 

* Monsst Hib. p. 36. Archdall erroneously statet the place to be, JMiy- 
Macff^mam^Rae. He is also inoorrsct in stating it to be '« near Clonepd';" 
Iroai which place it is distant at least twelve miles. 

f MoMM. Ifib. } C«u-Chron. of Ir. 1£87. 


i0kk. Accordingly, the kisg issued a precept to all sberiig m 
JBiigland, ordering them to cause a specified number of knights, or 
persons on whom he could p]aee reliance^ to assemble at a pkiee 
xutoed in the writ, on the Sunday next after Epiphatty ; and 
^mmandittg the said sheriffs not to fail in their attendance Oa the 
Occasion, in oi'der to execute suc^ matters as might then be com- 
municated to them. This writ is dated at Westminster, 15th 
December, and first year of the reign of Edward II. — ^t^he subse- 
quent precept was conveyed to the sheriff, by a chaplain, who was 
authorized to administer an oath to that officer, by which' he was 
bound to observe strict secresy as to the object of the assemblage, 
until the same was carried into effect. The instructions delivered 
to him were : that he should arrest all the Templars within his 
district ; for which purpose he had authority to command the aid of 
as many of tiie knights, and others, as he deemed necessary. He 
was further ordered, to seize all their lands> cattle, and goods, and 
to cause an inventory of the same to be made in (presence of the 
Warden of the place, whether he were Templar or not, and in 
presence of respectable persons of the neighbourhood; retaining 
one copy of the inventory himself, and leaving the other in the 
hands of the warden* And further, to place the said goods and 
caftie in safe keeping, and to have the lands manured and cultivated 
to the best advantage. He was prohibited from committing the 
Templars to prison, or subjecting them to irons; but was ordered 
to preserve them in safe custody in some convenient place. He 
was ordered to preserve charge of the goods and chatfcehs^ till he 
I'eceived the commandment of the king, as to their final disposal. 
And lastly,' he was to render ah account of his proceedings imder 
the writ, to the court of Eicchequer, on the morrow after the 
purification. This last document was dated 20th Deteniber.*' 

There was likewise a writ directed to John Wogan, lord justice^ 
of Ireland, informing him of the proceedings adopted in England 
for the apprehension of the Templars, and seizure of their goods, 
and commanding him to proceed in a similar manner against those 
in Ireland ; but the time and place for the assembling of the sheriffs 
and their followers, was left to' the discretion of the said lord justice 
and the treasurer of the exchequer. — It was, however, ordered 
that the writ should be executed before the Templars could learn 
the proc-eedings against the members of the order in England. 

In pursuance of these commands, the establishments of the 
Imights Templars at EaQarge and Baliymoon, in our county, were 

In the fourth year of the reign of Edward IL, a charter was 
granted by him to the town of Old Leighlin, of which the following 
IS a translation. The privileges here granted were rendered im- 
peratively necessary by the frequent incursions of the Irish, and 
the unpotected state of the town. 

* • 

• .14 

* Chroft. of Ireland. 

OF Ttfi tibt^t M cikti^/iT. 1A 


0M> UilGHtif N, 

Thk king to his well-beloved Adahi 1e Dreloub teafA r /"""^ 
Wiieirea^ at ih'^ su'pplicdtidh of cer'taiii nobles ot our reaim* of 
tretanclj add gentleraeh of fbe toWn of L^iffUib. we» for tfie ]^ub- 
lic goba aiid to resist ihe wickedness of toe iruAi living m i£!i^ 
lleigbi}6urh<k)d o^ LeSglilin, iiave grantell to the 'sa^d men^ a nilara* 
Ifiiim (f • e, graiit for building walls) for enclosing their town al^re- 
Md — Md whereas the said men have come before CRir beloved aha 
faifhfiil t ) Wogan,^ our lord jiistice of trel&nd| on '{lie 

Lbrd's ckj neii fetlowihg the feast of St. Valentine the martyr 
last past^ supplicating 6t nis Chrdne the aforesaid niiir'agium wBica 
we h4d so granted to them, we are preased to gi*ant iihtd yoii wlio 
have ti&en ( ) ^ certain, stone tower heai* die atbresaid 

town, beiweien the S|ud towta and the Irish aforesaid (^ ^ 

to complete the said tower ( . ) and the aforesaid 

town becotne beita* fortified against the said IHsh^ to ihe great 
advantage of the said town and cdiihti'y, aai, especially . DecaiisQ 
ihe moragitim aforesaid amoiinteth to so small a sum oT mohey. 
{ ) time alld^^ed them because the saiil town cannot 

tiiei«by be ehcloseil and thiB said tower may be erected with less 
expense diah the said town could be surfouiided with a stbiie waui 
And wher^ it is found by enquiry inilde before our lord jiisiice 
ii(foresaid, thht it would be more foi: ihe advantage of thd wKoU 
cdimtry aforesaicl at the rate of ten znarlsper cmii., and likewise w 
itie sira town at forty shillings per aiin. if the said ihuragiucqi werii 
Ranted to Vou for bdildiiig the tower dforesaTd, &anl for enclosing 
the afoiresald towk, if you maintaiii £)'r ever diree men of arina 
and two hobiUers for th6 defence of the aforesaid town and country^ . 
lis you have ensaged to keep aiid mountain before our ^id lord 
justice : wb therefore grant unto you for the siippoirt of the , afore* 
said mini at arms and hobUiers, from the day ofihe completion of 
these presents, for the five years next folio wi^ tdenjo^ in the- 
aforesaid td\^ (tie customs heireafter recited — >rtnen £»11qw8 a long 
eiiiunera^on of tolls adc( customs with inarket privileges qbq.} 
and ther^ore we permit you to exaci these customs sJoresai^ id 
die said town, as weft firdm burgesses of the said town as fi'oni' 
others, to the ^nd ot the aforesaid t^rm of years, aRer whi^h pe- 
lioi the eili custoiois ahall utterly cease and be extiiict. In teb- 
timony wiieiecf we, &c, V^itness oiir tord justice aforesaid, hi . 
Waterfor4if, this 4fli day of March, in the fourth yeair of oiiir 

The UBsetttod atitoof our ^strict, niAy fiutiier be celled froiaj 

*Sir John* . i 

' fA.UBT. iSlQ. Ad. 4. £dw. It. E Rot. t^n ^ 4, EdW. IT. fu. Yd,. 
The Uanks, as abovct are to be found in the original doeuiAent. it AioM, 
^ •bserved, that Sir John WogEui was lord deputy at tvro different periods. 

.« * 


a paiebty dated tliird year of the reign of Edward II., 26Ui 
January, which notices the many robberies, depredations^ Ac. 
latdy committed in the coanty of Carlow, and in order to check 
game, appoints J. de Bonevill, in hia majesty's castle of Carlow, 
saneschfd of Carlow and Kildare. 

Nicholas Chevers, bishop of Leighlin, died at a very advanced 
9^y on theSOlli of July, 1309; having directed this see for a 
period of thirty*two years from the time of his restitution to the 
temporalities. After his death, John Chevers, dean ; and Ralph 
le Brun, chancellor of Leighlin, forged various grants, to which 
they affixed the episcopal seal. But the fraud was subsequently 
discovered, and the delinquents underwent suitable punishment* 

Maurice of Blanchvill, canon of Leighlin, being lawfully elected, 
was duly confirmed on the Idth November, 1309. He governed 
this see during a period of nearly eleven years, and departed this 
life in the year 1320. 

Miler le Poer succeeded. The king having issued his license 
to the dean and chapter, they proceeded to an electioD, when 
this individual, who held the office of chanter of Leighlin, was 
the object of their choice ; on the 5th November, 1326. He 
was descended of a noble fiemiily. On the 29th January following, 
he was duly confirmed by his metropolitan, Alexander Bickner, 
archbishop of Dublin. He was aflterwards (as Friar Clynn says,) 
consecrated at Waterford, on Palm-Sunday, 1321, and held the 
direction of the see of Leighlin for upwards of twenty years.f 

It appears that the noble lords who possessed the palatinate of 
Carlow, having large estates in England, directed but a small 
portion of their attention to the care of their Irish territory, and 
did not even, in some cases, visit this country. They, for a time, 
collected, in an irregular and imperfect manner, the issues and 
profit^ of their principality, until, at length, they observed that 
these revenues daily decreased in amount;, and were convinced, 
that some effectual steps must be taken to secure their rights, if the 
total loss of them would be averted. But, unfortunately, the 
remedy adopted proved worse than the disease. They retained 
one of the Kavanaghs, as a kind of military agent, who might 
employ the law of the land, or the sword, as circumstances would 
require. Kavanagh was thus placed in a situation peculiarly 
tempting to a man of turbulent and ambitious character ; and we 
fihould not feel much surprise, that in about twenty years after his 
appointment, (and commencement of the present reign), he seized 
;upon a great portion of the counties of Carlow and W,exford, of 
9vhich he declared he was the rightful owner. (7) He further assu* 
ined the title of MacMorrough, and speedily acquired much power ; 
to which he added, by an alliance with the Byrnes and Tooles. Their 
liombined forces were shortly afterwards found suiOficient to seeure 
a great portion of the district situate between Carlow and the Irish 
channel, by which the authority of the Englii^h was much weak«)ie^ 
for centuries afterwat-ds.} ''^^■ 

•Harri»'8 Ware. flbid. . : Finglw. 

^. jr 

OF THK OOtJNty OF CiRLOvr. 77 

til the sixth j^ear of thU reign, Simon I^nibard and fluflli 
Talloii granted to the eremites following the rule of St Augusti?^ 
(commonly called Austin Friars) a house and three acres of land in 
the village of St. John, near Tallow. * 

A.B. 1314. The knights hospitallers, or of St. John^ were this 
year invested with the lands of the suppressed order of Templars. 
The king had before received four hundred pmmds, (a large sum 
in those days), being the produce of their goods. 

A.D. 1315. Adam wto prior of the Carmelite monastery at 
Leighlin -bridge .-f « 

The lord justice. Sir Edmund le Butler, was created. earl of 
Carrick, (A.D. 1316),:^ and John Fltz-Thomas was raised to £h'e 
dignity of earl of Kildare. Selden remarks, that the earl of Kil« 
dare's patent is the most ancient form of creation he had seen* 

The said lord justice, earl of Carrick, defeated MacMorrougii 
in an engagement at Ballylethan. 

About this period Edward Bruce, brbther of the king of Scotland 
invaded this country, and with his army passed through Castle- 
dennot and Gowran, laying waste the country in his progress.! 
It is probable that the county of Carlow suffered on this Qccasioa, 
though no specific mention is made of the circumstance. 

The bridge of Leighlin was built in the, year 1320, by Maorice 
Jake, or Jakis, canon of Kildare. || Would that we had more 
deeds of this msefiil and praiseworthy character to record ! It is the 
roost pleaung part of the hifiterian's task, to hand down an account 
of the actions of good men, to a posterity, who we hope are not 

A. D. 1323. This year Donnell, son of Arthur MacMorrough, 
^ a slip of the royal family," ^(as Campion calls him,) raised forces, 
and displayed his banner within two miles of the city of Dublin. 
He was speedily taken prisoner by Sir Henry Traheme and Walter 
de Yalle, who received one hundred and ten pounds for this service. 
Donnell paid Traheme two hundred pounds sterling, to save hm 
life ; after which, he was conveyed a prisoner to the castle of 
Dublin. O'Nolan, and twenty-five of his followers, were killed on 
4he occasion. The O' Nolans seem to have laid claim to the barony 
of Forth, in our county,** 

' It is worthy of note here, that Pope John XXII. relieved thft 
king's dominions in Ireland from the tribute of Peter-pence, which 
had been enforced from the time of the conquest to the present 

Cox states^ that the barony of Idrone, (the property of a 
member of the femily of Carew) was in this reign seized by one 
of the Kavanaghs, But this, I think, is an error. The Kavanaghs 
might, and probably did take forcible possession of a portion of 
tiw county, as already stated; but regarding Idrone, the legal 

* Ware. Archdall. t Monast. Hiber. % Borlaae. § Cox. 

il Cos.- Marletrarroagfa. Moaast. Ilib. p. 39* 
** Gsnpioa. Camden* 

18 WSTQW AND 4KTi<||;}m«s 

p of ^wprd Ill;i y ^p^^i w}i^ jffsf^ ve «M ?wa*"J M» ik^ 

e Ieani> tibat the sabbf^th was ymy iMgl|gfDtly obainrired,i|ft 
Ill^uid at thi%p^<^; the markets, in actvmil FbMW* heii|g held 
-on Sttn^yi but> a^ Carlow, tl^ ma^liet w4f|iiow fixed fei^a^Kitiior 
4kj ot the weeV.* 

' A.D. 1326. TIO? year,, Fiiv WUUw de Tisih^pi^ WW pif«h 

cepto^ of the eftablisbpent of knights hospi^lers a| Kilhirg% or 

%mtiirgyy in our county. And the same year, ITr^Mr WiUifwi 4e 

. Fpdr^ was |Tec^J»c.-rrB^yn)0Qn.8^e)ne to l^ve fa^«n d^^frted 


On the F^9i§^<^ oC hi% fmim$ l^immii Illi was prodiKfotd 

, y^r Wi)iiiiW( 4^ VK^Twa^lflrWfM of Kfllnrig^ ai ftis periedit 
ifi.l^f Q,«p»eUi]k4la4QiA^ time im 

jglf|%^ i9i9nt"'r¥4 to,i)?afc^Us> wra^#. hy vumpff of * rope^ cmMrayad 
to him through the instrumentality of Adam Nangle, oil Mugle; 
%.:ii^hji|9K d«^^tv,i|{^ afl^W|d^.«U|e«i|a»d.tJ 
' ^,p^ l^}. The. Iipsh of : L^in^^er, 9A, Ibis period, plii^ered 
%^j^h^ Wi^ %m <tov<4»f^ Qn^ontm^Bol 4ie]att6r 
np^fifit, y»flii9i.^feaaM{ wiA oirQumfttwi^c^ ofi l^Miliaff: atiooily. 
:^yigp^f^tM!fiA ft« |Hrj|efit«nd:^i^igivigati0i».^ of 

.I|r^^<^, set n^Q 1^ % Wiiding* and. bmiad ita inmates, cvn-* 
^^^ifig^ot si>oi4 «jgh^ pemso^fi^ Th^ pdest, attired in Us. vesti- 
mjsi^ cu^ be^fi^g ^ Wt ip- his hiiiidi}, i^mpted to escape, but 
jtim%J^s^^9i^ i4H^P<^Ekts, Willi 9»^U&ty and, it»Di»uId seem^ extra- 
ordinary disregard of the circumstances, fi^i^o^ himk bapk witii ^&«r 
j^efji^. in^o %s fiwH^> wlwe^ tfilj^ A0 ^re,€ongre!gatioii, he 
.ii(f^, c(^ig|)m^y Whei^, th^ pop#< heard o£ ^iscdiabolMiaet^ he 
xtspi^jfei^ f V^l to th^ ar^^bieh^. of Dublip^ Qommanding him to 
excommunicate the persons engaged in the affair, together witii ail 
Ijbf^ q^l^^l^ ap^^oUo^ens, tmdtii^.lay tlM#lsiUsuiMte 
>^h.wi)iid)i.,o^der this, afjchlnshop, immeiUa^y complied. But H 
^ijdd.s^4pii t^^t tb^ Iri^i^ de^pu^ theecKcommmiiealNm, iaterdio^ 
•apfl chasfi^eif^nft.aC theichnr<^ agt^nasj^imbli^jag^ealiBumben^ 
Im.ii^i;de4<tiif3 coui9ty of Wieo^mil. Hon^vec* BtcbaBd* While 
^na Richard Fitz«Henry> with the burghers of Wexford, and 

» tjox. t Ibid. t Arph^all, mm^ WW. 

n Campion, Cox. 

W ran COUNTY OF CAKlOm. t9 


!^lS^0!;$ ot ^ BngUflh^ attacked and defeated them; &mr bmidtitil 
v( the Irish being Idjled^ andmaoy drowned in the river Slaoey**^ 
The situation of Fieinestown is not exactly defined ; hut from tii^ 
rontejBtand collateral arQumstanceSy I think it not improbable, tb^ 
it may haTe hem tiie present Friurstowni, a tovndand in the county 
of Cadow. For the honour of our countryy we could wish thajt 
the reader of the above.horri)b]e massacre^ were not thus reminded 
of a similar erent^ whidb occurred in a neighbouring county, m 
the year 1798; most persons will know, tibat we refer to tber 
direadfiit seems at the barn of ScuUabogue. 

The depredations of Hie Irish bad become so fi>Fmidab)e abcml 
this ti^e> that decisivo steps \fere necessary in order to check 
them. It wasy however, deemed advisably in the first ipstam^, 
to summoDLtiie prelates and Qob^of most distinguished rank i^ 
Irdand to a councO^ or parliament in England ; there to dabale on 
!th$ meai^«8 tp be adopted. The colonista! of iba Irish set^ements 
icgavded this requisition as a grievance ; and in few, if any in* 
stances, complied with it. The return of the writ to. the coiunty <f 
Cariow says : ** Having by virtue of this writ called before m^: the 
commons of the county, they unanimously allege, that there is no 
layTvaa able, by reason of poverty, from tbe fi»quent robberies aqd 
d^redatois of the Irish enemies, to meet our sovereign loixt thie 
ki^ ia his parliament in England," &c — We further learn,, that 
ao d^^vading was the situation of the government, and so weal^ 
«nd defenceless were the English settiers, that they became tribute 
ary to the Irish chieftains, and paid them regularly for tbeiP pro* 
«eticn or cessation of hostilities, what was called the B^ck, H^nt.f 

In the year 1332^ the castle of Cloomore w:as taken by tiio 
EagUslb j; We cannot say whether tiiis is lihe pastle of ClonmcH*^ 
the.n4ns of which npw stand in. our county. There is certainly 
so record of its erectipn previously to the above period. 

The lord justice, Sir John Darcy, not being invested with po^^ 
snBcipnt to oppose the. great number of Irish now in rebellion, 
mvited Maurice (afterwards earl of Desmond) to his assistance, 
(A«Br 1332) with a pronuse of pecuniary remuneration firom the 
treasury. With this pr(^)OsitiqD> M^nrice complied ;. and advan- 
cing agaiiist the O'Nplans and O'Mpmmghs, roujted them, burned 
tfaiOT dii^cty ai^d. cooipelled them to submit and; give hostages.^ 
Finding himself unable to pay an army so- numerous a^ timt fiow^ 
coUectec^ (which amounted to ten t^ioui^andmen), the lovd juajHcQ 
connived at the extortion of coin and livery, z^ow- first, practised^ 
by tiie English ; the evils of which custom ai!0^ justly deiAoved by 
aU historians of the country. Sic John Da^es 4^MS a)lodes to this 
practice; ^'But thp mos^ wicked and mischievous custom of all, 
ethers waS| that, of cojfgn^ and liv€^% ofWn before mentioned;. 
which consisted i^i taking manls-mieat hor^e^m^t,, ap4 money,, of 
a^ltkeinbiibitapits of: the country, a^. thQ will and. plet^ujre of 1]»^ 

* Camd^'s Brita&ais,vol. Hi. p. 070. t Csm4. Brit. 1 ChroR. of U^ 

90 niSTOaV and ANTfQUltiSi 

soldier, iVho, ad the phrase of Scripture is, did eat up the peoptar 
as it were bread, for that he had no other entertainment. This 
extortion was originally Irish, for they used to lay bonaght* upon 
the people, and never gave their soldiers any pay. But when the 
English had learned it, they used it with more insolency and made 
it more intolerable ; for this oppression was not temporar}% or 
limited either to place or dme : but because there was every where 
a continual war, either offensive or defensive, and every lord of a 
country, and every marcher made war and peace at his pleasure, 
it became universal and perpetual ;v and was indeed the most heavy 
oppression that ever was used in any Christian or heathen kingdom." 

In the year 1331, John de Kell held the ranjc of prior of the 
Augustinian monastery near TuUow ; when king Edward III. con- 
firmed the grant, which was made by Lombard and Tallon in the 
laist reign t 

A.O. 1335. Friar Ralph de Bradley was preceptor of KJllai^e 
this year; which office he continued to hold in 1337. In 1339^ 
Friar John de Wassingle was preceptor of the same establislx- 

A.D. 1339. At this time Edward III. revoked, under his sig- 
net royal, all the franchises, liberties, and grants, which had been- 
made to the kingdom of Ireland, or to any individuals thereof. 
This rash exercise of the prerogative justly created universal dis- 
satisfaction, and caused great discord among the English of the 
pale. They laid a remonstrance before the king, which produced 
a restoration of their possessions. 

In this year the Irish were again in arms. The earl of Kildare 
pursued the O'Dempsys, many of whom in their flight were 
drowned in the river Barrow ; and the greatest booty ever seized in- 
the country was now (February) brought from Idrone, in the county^ 
of Carlow^ by the lord justice (the bishop of Hertford) and the 
English army.§ 

William St. Lieger succeeded to the see of L^ighlin, in 1341 ; 
and died at Avignon, about the beginning of May, 1348. || 
' Thomas of Brackenberg next filled the episcopal office of this" 
diocese. He was a Franciscan friar. Pope Clement VI. by a 
bull, (dated the l8th of March, and 7th year of his • pontificate)* 
advanced him to this dignity. He was restored to the temporalitiesr 
on the 5th of August, 1349. It is thought, that he died in July, 
1360, in the eleventh year after his consecration; and that the see 
continued vacant three years. 

John Young, treasurer of Leighlin, succeeded as bishop of thir 
see. Like his predecessor, he owed his advancement to an ex- 
ercise of the pope's prerogative, and was restored to the tempora- 
lities by king Edward III., on the 21&t of September, 1363. 

In the twentieth year of his reign, Edward III. granted to 
Thomas de Brotherton, earl of Norfolk and marshal of England, hi» 

'Billets. tArehdall, Monas. Hib. {Ibid. §Camd. Cox. 
H Harris's Ware. vol. i. p. 4d8* 


toctey licence to bold the county of Catherlougb and all castles, 
i«landsy manorsy towns, lands and tenements in capUe, 

Donald Oge MacMorrougb, called prince of Leinster, was 
most perfidiously murdered by bis own followers, on the 5th day 
of June, 1347.* 

A.D. 1358. About this time, the castle of Kilbelle, in our. 
country, the property of 8ir John de Comwalle, knt., was des- 
troyed by the O'Nolans and their accomplices. — Two fortallces at 
Gaibarrstjown and Rathlyn near Leighlin, suffered the same fate at 
the bands of the MacMorroughs and O'Bimes. 

In the year 1359, the king ordered a proclamation to be issued 
in Irdand, to the effect, that no mere Irishman should be mayor, 
bailiff, or officer of any town within the English dominion, (i. e. 
the pale), nor be eligible to any ecclesiastical office. In the fol- 
lowing year, the severity of the regulation was somewhat dimi- 
nished by a provision, that it should not ei:tend to such clerks as 
had preserved their loyalty, or rendered service to the king. — 
Resolving to effect some reformation in the unhappy state of Ire- 
land, Edward determined on appointing his son Lionel, duke of 
Clarence, lord lieutenant of that country. The king had, however, 
sufficient sagacity to perceive, that, let the rank of the individual 
be what it might, unless he had efficient and powerful support, his 
mission must prove fruitless, his labours be nugatory. With a 
view to the prevention of this inevitable result, he summoned all 
the great proprietors of land in Ireland (among whom we find the 
duchess of Norfolk) to appear in person, or by proxy, before him 
and the council, in order to consult upon the defence of their pos- 
sessions in Ireland. They were further required, to repair to that 
kingdom in person, (or send a sufficient deputy), with all the forces 
they could raise, by a certain day. 

On the 8th of September, 136], Lionel, arrived in Ireland, 
with a lai^e army. In the list of the officers who attended him, 
we find the name of Sir John Carew, Banneret, who was allowed 
four shillings per dtem for himself, two shillings for one knight, 
twelve pence each for eight esquires, and six pence a day each for 
toi archers on hor8eback.t These allowances may seem exceed- 
ingly small to those who are unacquainted with the exact value of 
money in those days ; but when we inform them, that the price of 
a cow was but ten groats,:^ or three shillings and four pence, they 
w21 be of a Afferent opinion. 

The new lord deputy immediately issued a proclamation com- 
manding all holders of land in Ireland, who might be absent fi-om 
the eonntry, to return to it forthwith on pain of forfeiture. He 
prohibited all persons of Irish birth, (without discrimination,) from 
approaching his camp ; but the impolicy of this decree becoming 
soon apparent, fi*om the deficiency m numbers of his army, he re- 
laxed it soon afterwards ; by which his affairs were much benefited* 

* Camden^ --Cox. t Cbron. of Ireland, foi. 1587.— Cez. Hib. Anf. 

W9Li. t Cox. 

IdCfne! isoon marelied against O'Brien of Minister and defeated 
liim; on which occasion, he created many kniights among Uie 
English of blood and of birth.^ — Not bng subsequently^ he re- 
mored the exchequer to Carlotv, aad ex|Mended a sum of five 
hundred pounds in walling that town.* He performed many ottier 
acts of a beneficial character^ by whlcii the clergy and laity of the- 
time were so much gratified ^at they presented him with two yeara 
profit of their lands and tithes^ to entiUe him more vigorously to. 
prosecute the war in Ireland. Indeed one fM& somewhat of satis- 
taction, on meeting the records of a chii^ governor, who seems to, 
liave acted with judgment^ energy, decision, and promptitode,^ 
in whi^h many of his predecessors appear to have been lamentably 
deficient. But men of the high endowments, of Edward ill., and 
of his son, are not often to be encountered. — The duke of Clarence 
proceeded to England on the 22tid of Aprils 1364,. and returned 
to his government on the 8th of December following^f 

The evils of Ireland^ the neglect of the English goveniffleBt>. 
the intestine feuds of the settlers, had been of long continuance ;.. 
and no individual, however gifted, could^ in a short space of time^ 
check the current of events^ or heal the disorders of the country^ 
In short, to such a height had the pow^r of th^ Irish (MacMdr-". 
rough E^vanaghs, and others) arisen,^ in the thhty-sevehth year 
of Edward III., that the more distant districts of the pale were in 
some instances relinquished,^ and in the rest, wilih difficulty retained*. 
An order appears in our reibords of that year--^P*t> barrio Omovenxh- 
a CdtAerlogh usgue ad DMiH, — iot removing the barrier from, 
Carlow to Dublin.} Thus the works erected by Lionel, duke of 
Clarence, at Carlow, proved totally useless ; inasmoch as t^ re-^- 
tention of that place was no longer possible. 

A.D. 1367. This year,^ being the fortieth of the kitvg's reign, a& 
fitmous parliament was assembled at Kilkenny, by Lio»nel, duke of 
Clatence. This distinguish^ pefrsonage perceived^ that tiie loiid» 
and gentlemen of the £ng's ti^rrit^ries in many instances begaa to 
degenerate, and adopt the Irish laws and customs ; and> in order 
to remedy the disastrous consequences, already apparent, of this 
inclination of the settlei^, and prevent its further continuance, fad 
caused certain laws to be enacted, which have been since styled tiie 
siaiutts of Kilkennjf. We notice this impmtant event^ as it iiilly 
declares tiie state of ^m district at the time ; on which sulgect^ 
much evidence of its unhappy circumstanced has been already tA*- 
dnced.^-^** In the fortieth yettr of his reign," sftys Sir John DaVies, 
'^ king Edwatd held that fanlxofiis j^arliameiit lit Kiikenny> wherein 
many notaUe law^ were enacted, which do shoiv and lay open (fot 
the law doth best discover enotmitiesf) how much the Eii^lisfa 
colonies wieftie cotropted at that time, and do infallibly prove that 
vMfk is laid down before : th^ they were whaUy degenerate, and 
&Si&i away fhrnt their dbedreiM;e. For fir^t it appeareth by the 
preamble of these laws, that the English of this realm, before the 

* Chron. of In Cox. t Borlase. i Grose's Antiq.— Anthol. Hiik 
v. 2. p. 393. 


coming ov^ of Lionel, duke of Clarence^ were at that time become 
mere Irish in their language, names, apparel, and all their manner 
of living, and had rejected the English laws and submitted them- 
selves 1» the Irish, with whom they bad made many marriages and 
alliances, which tended to the utter ruin and destruction of the 
common wealth. 

The statutes enacted on this occasion were to the following pur^ 
poit : that the Brehon (or old Irish) law is an evil custom, and the 
use of it be deemed treason : that marriage, nursing, and gossipred 
with the Irish, be treason : that the use of Irish names, apparel, or 
language, be punished with forfeiture of lands or imprisonment, 
until ^e party give security to conform to English customs; 
that the settlers should not make war upon the Irish without the 
order of the state : that the English should not permit the Irish to 
graze upon their land : nor present an Irishman to an ecclesiasti- 
cal benefice : nor receive them into monasteries or religious houses : 
nor entertain any of their minstrels, rhymers, or news tellers : nor 
cess horse or foot upon the English subject on pain of felony : and 
that sheriffs might enter any liberty or franchise to apprehend felons^ 
or traitors : and that four wardens of the peace should be appointed 
in every county, to assess every man^s equal proportion of the 
public charge for men and armour. — These laws may seem severe^ 
but we should first consider the circumstances which extorted them. 
In short, the very existence of this country as an appendage to 
the English crown, seemed the matter in question. 80 long as 
those enactments were observed, a visible amelioration of the 
country took place ; but shortly after the departure of the duke of 
Clarence, an infraction of some of them, by the great lords, 
(Kildare, Ormonde, and Desmond), was unceremoniously made.* 
As regards the Irish, the statutes of Kilkenny were a mere 
nullity ; for they were governed by their own laws till the reign of 
James I. 

In 1369, the rebels of Leinster were vigorously opposed by 
Sir William de Windsor, lord deputy. 

On the 3rd day of December, 1371, king Edward III. granted 
to the prior of the Carmelite monastery at Leighlin-bridge, the 
sum of ten marks yearly, for the repairing and rebuilding of their 
house. In 1375, Alan was prior of this establishment. A re- 
newal of the grant of ten marks per annum was made in ]377.i- 

The priory of St. Stephen, at Old Leighlin, being situated in 
a depopulated and wasted country, and the prior having given 
refuge and succour to the king's good subjects in this neighbour- 
hood, and intending to pursue that laudable practice, Edward III. 
therefore, granted them a concordalum on the 1 st of May, 1372.$ 
A.D. 1376. James, earl of Ormond, lord justice. During hi* 
administration, the counties, cities, and boroughs of Ireland sent 
commissioners to the king to represent the state of that kingdom, 
and consult on the means of its improvement Eld ward III. sub- 

•Finglaa. t Archdall. Monaa. Hib. J Monw. Hib. 



seqtl^ntiv issued a wnt to the lord judtfee and chaDceUor» orderii^ 
them to levy the reasonable expenses of these commissioners oo 
the respe(/(iTe places from which they were chosen. 

King Edward III. died at Shene in Surrey^ on the 21st day of 
Jane^ 1377 ; in the sixty-fourth year of his e^e, and fifty-first of 
his reign. He ranks among the wisest and most powerful kings 
that have ruled the British dominions. His career was, generally 
JBpeaking, one of great glory and bnllianey ; but when we turn to 
Ireland, we are warned, that, no unmixed eulogium can be be- 
stowed upon his government. The details of the local history 
just recounted, sufficiently evince the melancholy state of the king* 
xlom ; While the simple fact, that the revenue derived firom Ireland 
did not exceed £10,000 per annum, more fully evidences the 
^feeble, ill-supported and defective condition of the king's authority 
in this countiy. 

Retgn of Richard II. A.D. 1877, to A.D. 1399. 

Richard II., only son of Edward, (commonly called the Black 

^Pnnce)^ eldest son of Edward III., was declared heir to the throne 

by his grand-fatiier. The age of the young king, (being but eleven 

years), rendered assistance indispensable ; the protection of the 

'«rown and kingdom was entrusted to his uncles. 

Beauchamp, earl of Warwick, was director of public af^irs in 
the early part of this reign ; when a severe tax was levied on all Irish 
Absentees, except such as had reasonable cause for non-residence. 
This stat^^ was revived in 1392. 

A.D. 1378. In consideration of the great labour, burden, and 
Expense, which the friars of the Carmelite monastery of Leighlin- 
bridge had previously, and did at this time sustain in supporting 
their house, and tiie bridge contiguous thereto, against the king's 
epemies ; he did, on the I3th of March, in this year, grant to the 
pribrs thereof, an annual pension of twenty marks out of the rents 
of the town of Newcastieof Lyons. This grant was again con> 
finued by the king, February 20th, 1394.* 

John Young, bishop of Leigfalin, expended a large sum in re- 
pairs of the episcopal houses in his manors ; but in 1376, eight 
years before his deatii, he was plundered of all his goods by the 
rebels. He died towards the close of the year 1384, having 
governed the see upwards of twenty-one years ; during which 
time he ^^'as made deputy to Alexander Balscot, bishop of Meath, 

*Monai. Hib. 

li^asufer of Irebuid; as he had beea before in the year 1366, to 
John Troy, who was also treasurer of this kingdom. 

John Griffin was adranced from &e chancellorship of limerick 
to the bishc^ric of Leighlio, in 1385.; which he directed for a pciriod 
of thirteen years, and was then by the pope translated to the. see 
of Ossory ; having been befoce> (viz. in 139*1) made chancellor of 
the exchequer by the king. He enjoyed the bishopric of Ossory 
vdy a short time. While he held the see of Leighlin, Richard l£ 
issued a writ in his favour, dated the 25th August, V3fS9, t6 this 
^ect : that the diocese of Leighlia being so much devastated by 
the Irish enemies, as to render it impossible for &e bishop to reside 
within it, he, tiM>refore, granted him the village of Galroestown, m 
the county of Dubfin, near the marches of O' Toole, an Irish 
«nemy, vfdth all its appurtenauces, (being then ^^t of the tempo^ 
xalities of the see of Killaloe. and then in the king's hands, during 
the vacancy by the death of the late bishop, .predecessor to the 
present, who is a mere Irishman, abiding among the Irish enemies^ 
«ad not amenable to law or government) ; to hold by the said bishop 
of Leighlin, as long as from that cause, the said village should 
continue in the king's hands. Under this custadiam he held 
Oalroestown until September, 139] ; when Mathew MacCragh 
was restored to the temporalities of Kiiilaloe, having been deprived* 
ef them upwards of two years from the time of his advancen^ent,^ 

Being taunted by for^gn powers with the weakness of his 
authority and government in Irdand, Richard resolved to procee4 
to that country, in person, and e^ct the compile conqi^est of it. 
On the 2nd day of October, 1394, he landed at Waterford, with 
a large military force. The Irish, unable to oppose so formidably 
an army in tike field, resolved on ready submission to the king. 
Thomas Mowbray, earl of Nottingham, and earl marshal of 
England, was, in consequence, appointed to receive their homage 
and oaths of fidelity*. An open field at Bcdiygorey, near Carlow, 
was the place selected for this purpose ; when Malachias O'Mor- 
rotigh, Arthur Mac Morrough, Girald O'Birne, Donald O'Nolan^ 
and others, swore fealty before the earl marshal, laying aside theif 
ghrdles, skeins, and caps, and falling on bended knee. The 
ceremony being concluded, the marshal gave each of them (he 
CMculum facts. In addition to the foregoing, they were bound in 
l^reat penalties, (O'Nolan, for instance, in ten thousand pounds,) 
not only to ccmtinue loyal subjects, but that on a prescribed day, 
they apd all tiheir followers should relinquish aQ the lands and 
possessions held by them in Jjeinater into the king's bands ; and^ 
reservii^ their moveable goods, should serve him in the field against 
the other rebels* In consideration of which, the king agreed to 
grant them pay and pensions during life, and fiiU possession of all 
such lands as they shoidd seize from his enemies in any other part 
of the realm. A pension of eighty marcs per annum was then 
ketowed on Art MacMorrough, chief of the Kavanagl^s ^ which 

• Htrrii's Ware, 


was continued to his family till the time of Henry VIII.> although, 
it has been observed^ that they performed but very few services 
for it* 

Hardly, however, had the king departed fi*om Ireland, when 
the Irish threw away the mask of humility, and assumed as bold a 
tone of independence as if none of the late arrangements had been 

By an inquisition taken in the eighteenth year of this king, it 
appears, that Sir John Carew died seized of the barony of Idrone, 
anno 36 Edward IIL, and that. Sir Leonard Carew at l^is decease, 
43rd year of that king, had possession of it ; but that' upon the 
death of Sir Leonard, MacjVlorrough, otherwise Kavanagh, chief 
of his name, possessed himself of the said barony, and (as the in- 
quisition declares) held it manufortiy by a strong hand.f Thus 
it would seem, that at this period the English land-owners were 
almost totally dispossessed in our county ; a circumstance which 
can excite no surprise, when we consider the small share of per- 
sonal attention paid by them to their estates, and the general im- 
becility of the government. 

It is stated by a writer in the Anthologia Hiderntca^i that in 
1397, the castle of Carlow was seized by Donald Mac Art Kava- 
nagh, chief of the Ms^c Morroughs ; but I cannot find this sub- 
stantiated by any ancient writer. 

Richard Rocomb, or, as some style him, Bokura, a Dominican 
friar, was consecrated bishop of Leighlin in 1399 ; though Bernard 
Jonghe states that he was not advanced to the see till the year ] 400. 
During his government, the town of Old Leighlin was inhabited 
by eighty-six burgesses ; but was subsequently so much harrassed 
and plundered by the Iri>h, that in the seventeenth century, this 
flourishing town was reduced to the state of** a very sorry village," 
containing nothing worthy of notice excepting the cathedral and 
episcopal house. ( 

Determined now to effect a perfect subjugation of the kingdom 
and punish the delinquent Irish, Richard again embarked for Ire- 
land, and landed at Waterford on the Ist of June, 1399. ^Hc 
marched to Dublin through the districts possessed by the Morroughs, 
Kavanaghs, Bimes and Tools; but, his army being much >dis- 
tressed for provisions and means of conveyance through the un- 
cultivated country, he performed no action worthy particular notflce, 
with the exception of the very useful labour of felling timber aVid 
clearing the highways in Kavanagh' s country. It is worthy W 
note, that Henry, son of the duke of Lancaster, (afterwards thf 
distinguished Henry V.), was now knighted by Richard for hiL 
services against the Irish. — The state of affairs in England <. 
compelled the speedy return of the king. \ 

Richard II. resigned the crown on Michaelmas day, 1399. } I 

• Cox. Hib. Ang. vol. i. t Harris's Hibcraica. t Vol. 2. p. 393. V 

§ Ware, I 



Reign of Henry IF, A.D. 139l>; to A.D. 1418. 

Henry IV., duke of Lancafiter, eeized upon the crown^ on the 
deposition of Richard II. 

In the first year of his reign, the king confirmed the annual 
grant of twenty marcs which had been made to the priors of the 
Carmelite monastery at Leighlin-bridge, by Richard II.* 

A,D. 1407. 8ir Stephen Scroope, lord deputy, accompanied 
by the earl of Ormonde and others, invaded the territory of Mac 
Morrough. An engagement ensued, in which the Irish had at first 
the advantage, but the constancy and resolution of the English 
ultimately prevailed. O' Nolan and his son, with others^ were 
taken prisoners.f 

It is stated by Playfair, that Gerald, fiflh earl of Kildare, as- 
sisted >Scroope on this occasion, and that in 1408, he built the 
White Castle in New Leighlin, or Leighlin-bridge. $ This seems 
somewhat improbable, as the earls of Kildare do not appear to 
have possessed property in the barony of Idrone, in which Leigh- 
lin-bridge is situate. 

A.D. 1410. In a parliament which sat at Dublin in June, it was 
made treason to take '^ coin and livery." 

King Henry IV. died on the 14th March, 1412; and so im- 
poverished were his circumstances, that his executors refiised to 


Reign of Henry F. A.D. 1412 to A.D. 1422. 

Henry V. succeeded his father. 

The year of his accession, he confirmed the grant of twenty 
marcs to the priors of the Carmelite monastery at Leighlin-bridg^e, 
which had been allowed by Richard II. and Henry IV., and or- 
dered, that all the arrears then due should be discbarged.f 

A.D. 1414. Sir John Talbot, lord Fumival, was this year ap- 
pointed lord deputy, and immediately after his arrival commenced 
a regular military progress through the pale. He began with the 
Kavanaghs, Bimes, and others in the south, and compelled them 
to sue for peace. Having, however, brought no forces with him 
from England, he was not possessed of strength sufficient to make. 

* Monu. Hib. t Chron. of Ir. ed. 1487. t Britiflh Family Antiquity, 
vol. 4. p. 8. § Monas. Hib, 



any approach towards a perfect conquest of the Irish ; indeed, this 
continued inadequacy of the military department fully accounts for 
the narrow limits of the pale, and the prolonged prowess of the 
Irish. That the sa:'vkes of tibie lord def^uty were, under the dr- 
cumstances, very considerable, may be collected from the fact, that 
Hxe lords and gentlemen of the pale caused a certificate declaratory 
of his merits to be laid before the king. Nevertheless, such was 
the inability of the govemmeet to maintain the military, that the 
English subjects suffered more from the expenditure on their sup- 
port, than they derived advantage by their services on the occasion. 
For a considerable period afterwards, this circumstance continued 
in operation ; the extortion of coin and livery was necessarily, and 
by degrees, revived ; nor did the penalty of treason prevent a re- 
currence of the practice.* 

A. D. 1419. Id May, the lord lieutenant succeeded ia making 
prisoner of Mac Morrough, the chief captain of his nation and of 
wAl the Irish in Leinster. 

In 1 420, James, earl of Ormonde, lord lieutenant, summoned a 
pariiament, which met on the 7th June. It granted two subsidies 
to the king, amounting to one thousand marcs. The proportion 
paid by the commons of Carlow was four marcs, one shilling, and 
fourpence ; while the county of Louth, a district of nearly the 
same extent, paid twenty-five mares, twelve shillings and five 
pence.f But the comparative peace and prosperity which attended 
the latter county, will sufficiently explain the superior amount of 
its contribution. Kilkenny, a much more extensive territory than 
Louth, fiimished but eighteen marcs, five shillings, and eleven 
pence on this occasion. We need only add, that Kilkenny was 
frequently in a state of disturbance. 

It appears that a prelate named Richard, bishop of Leighlin^ 
resigned in the year 1420 ; but whether it was Richard Rocomb, 
or some'other, is matter of doubt. The see continued afterwards 
vacant for two years. 

John Molgan, rector of the church of Lin, in the diocese of 
Meath, succeeded, in pursuance of a bull of Pope Martin V. 
directed to Henry V. He was restored to the temporalities on the 
Ist of September, 1422. He instituted four petty canons in his 

HeAry V« died on the Slst of August, 1422. 

• DsTiei. t Cox. Hib. Ang. 


CHAP. Xill. 

Reign of Bemy Vl. A.D. 1422, io A.D. 1460. 

Henry VI.^ being but nine months old, was proclaimed king, 
on the death of his fiUher. 

John Malgan, bishop of Leighlin» died in 1431, having go- 
Temed the see nine years. He was buried in his own church, near 
the tomb of Gurmund, the Dane.* 

Thomas Fleming, bachelor of divinity, and a Franciscan friar, 
was advanced to the see^ by a bull from the pope, on the 18th of 
April, 1432. Dowling states, that he was an Augustin canon of 
St. John the Evangelist at Kilkenny, uid that he died at Leighlin. 
His body was conveyed to Kilkenny, as he had ordered by his 
will, and interred there in a monastery of his own order. 8oon 
after he was raised to the bishopric, the ancient priory of St. 
Stephen, at Old Leighliu, was dissolved, by authority of pope 
Eugene IV., at the desire of Nicholas Cloal, dean of Leighlin, 
and the lands -of it annexed to the deanery. Bishop Fleming go- 
verned this see till the year l458.t 

In 1'449, Richard, duke of York, was appointed lord lieutenant 
of Ireland, and in 1450, he held a parliament at Dublin. The 
bishop of Leighlin was fined for not attending it. 

A.D. 1458. Milo Roch, or de Rupe, descended of a noble 
fiuaily, obtained the rank of bishop of the diocese of Leighlin, by 
a provision from the{K>pe. We learn, that this prelate was more 
attached to the study of music and poetry than accorded with his 
station. Many contests arose between him and the clergy of his 
diooese ; in which, however, the latter triumphed. 

Henry VI. was deposed in 1460. 


Reign of Edward IV. A.D. 1460, io A.D. 1483. 

Edward IV. was proclaimed king on the 4th of March, 1460. 

A parliament was held at Trim in 1465. Among the statutes 
there enacted are the following : That English, and Irish speaking 
English, and living with the English, shall be provided with an 
English bow and arrows, on pain of two pence. That the Irish 
within the pale shall wear the English habit, take English names, 
and swear allegiance, on pain of forfeiture of goods. That there 
be a constable and butts in every town. 

Ireland was much neglected by king Edward IV. He died on 
fte 9th April, 1483. 

f Hama's Ware, vol. 1. t Ware. Archdall. 


Reigng o/Edw. F. and Richard III. A.D. 1483, io A.D. 1485. 

Eldward V. succeeded bis father, the late king, but being'of tender 
years, he was conveyed to prison, and there, it is stated, murdered 
by the orders of his uncle, Richard 1 1 1., who. seized upon the crown. 
Richard was killed at the great battle of Bpsworth on the 22ud of 
August, 1485. 

During the three last reigns the portion of interest attached to 
the genera] history of Ireland is but small; It will not, therefore^ 
be surprising, that as regards our county, we should be deficient in 
memorials of any particular value. 

CHAP. XV r. 

Retgn of Henry VII. A.D. 1485, to A.D. 1509.' 

Henry VI T., of- the house of Lancaster, obtained the crown by 
the victory of Bosworth. 

Milo Roch, bishop of Leighlin, died in 1 489, and i^'as buried 
in his own cathedral, before the image of St. Laserian.* 

In 1490. Nicholas Maguire was advanced to the government of 
this see. He was born in Idrone, (a barony in the county of Car- 
low), but was educated at the university of Oxford. On his re- 
turn to Ireland he was made prebendery of Hillard, or UUard, in 
the diocese of Leighlin, and stood in high esteem for his learning, 
(then rather a rare attribute), as well as for his assiduity in preaching. 
He was advanced to the see by a papal provision on the 30th of 
April, 1490, being at the time not thirty-one years of age. He 
commenced many literary works, but death prevented the completion 
of any of them, except his " Chronicle." Dowling acknowledges 
the great information he received from this work in the compilation 
of his annal?. Bishop Maguire drew up a minute account of the 
several divisions effected of the territories inherited in Ireland by 
the iive CO -heiresses of William, earl Marshal, t 

A.D. 1494. The celebrated Sir Edward Poynings, knight of 
the Garter, was appointed lord deputy. 

The eail of Kildare was at this time suspected of treasonable 
designs ; but on investigation before the king he was acquitted. $ 

However, his brother James seized on the castle of Carlow. 
The lord dejmty, resolving to repossess so strong a position, 
marched immediately against the earl's brother. After a siege of 

• Harris's Ware. f War*. Hanmer. % Cox. 



Itn^ysy ilieoMflftWMturraqderBd to Um.* Andyet, Dennis 
Taaffe, who pubUshed, what he caUs, aa ImpariM ffieiory ef 
Irelandf states of 8ir Edward Poyninge : '* He fivst marched 
against D'Haalon, where he was dipappointed of his expected 
glory. His next essay was in the county of Caflow, where he 
fared no better/' But this strange disregard of tmlh is not very 
.sorprising in a work, whidi can only be designated an ill*written, 
intemperate^ frantic tissue of invective and declamation ; a pro- 
duotion^ calculated to work pure unmitigated mischief among the 
uttthinldng and ignorant. 

In the same year (1494) Sir Edward Poynings called a par- 
liament, which passed the law called Poyning$* Aoi, regul8tin|f 
the mode in which new laws should be introduced. Other en* 
actments were passed to the following purport : that the statutes 
of Kilkenny be confirmed and executed^ excepting those about the 
Irish language^ and riding on saddles : that no man take money, 
or horse money, by colour of gift, reward, or otherwise by reason 
of any menace ; and, if he do, the giver is to forfeit one hundred 
shiUings, unless he complain seasonably, and the receiver is to 
suffer the ptmishment appointed for the takers of coin and livery : 
that the soldier shall pay three halfpence a meal, and his man a 
penny, and a penny for six field-sheaves of oats, and litter ac- 
cordingly ; and whoever refuses to quarter soldiers at this rate, 
forfeits twelve pence each time, unless he be a man of twenty 
maros estate per annum, and excepting cities and corporate towns. 
There was ako an act passed in fovour of the knights of St. Johti 
of Jerusalem, (who had an establishment at Killarge or Killei^y, 
and probably now Killerig, in our county)/enabling &em to resume 
all their possessions alienated by prior Keating,' or his predecessor, 
Thomas Talbot ; to effect the restoration of their jewels and relics, 
which they had pawned ; and to depose the preceptors placed by 
them in the eommanderies ; with an additional clause, that none 
but Engtishmen should hold the ofBce of prior in future.f 

A.D. 1499. A pariiament this year enacted, that the nobility 
should, ride on saddles according to the English custom 4 

Henry Vll. died on the 22nd of April, 1509. 

CHAP. xvir. 

Reign of Henry VIIL A.D. 1509, to A.D. 1547. 

Hbnrt the eighth succeeded his father, at the age of eighteen 

Nicholas Mi^ire, bishop of Leighlin, died in 1512L His life 
was written by Thomas Brown, a secular priest, who was his chap- 
lam* He himself wrote the life of his predecessor, Mik> Roeh.§ 

•Cox. flbid. tibid. * iHarrw^a Wart. , 



Thomas Haltoy, doctor ot the civil and canon latr?, (ki&A 
degree he obtained in a foreign university), a native of Ei^land, 
but the pope's prothonotory for Ireland^ succeeded Magnire. He 
ivas -promoted to the bishopric by pope Julius If., at the instance 
of Christopher Bambridge, cardinal archbishc^ of York, and then 
-resident ambassador at Rome firom ^ng Henry VIIL He assisted 
at the Lateran council in the years 1515and 1516; his vicar general* 
Charles Kavanagh, abbot of Duisk, governing the diocese in his 
absence. It seems, that Halsay never saw his diocese ; having 
died in England in the year 1521. On the 3rd of February ia 
that year Hazard, prior of Christ-church, as atestos spirituaHum 
of the see of Dublin, granted to Cornelius, dean, and Charles de 
Wyche, chancellor of Leighlin, the spirttud jurisdiction of that 
diocese during the vacancy. He was buried in the church of the 
Savoy hospital, where the following inscription was to be seen 
on his monument: JBic jacei Thomas Halsay y Leghlinensis 
EpiscapuSi in Basilicd S, Petri Ramsy Nationis Angltcamt 
poBnUentiarius, summm probitatis vir ; qui hoc solum post se 
reld'guU, vixit^ dum vixit bene. ** Here lieth Thomas Halsay, 
bishop of Leighlin, penitentiary* to the English nation at St. Peter's 
in Rome, a man of great probity, who left only this character be* 
hind him : he lived, while he lived, well." Under the same tomb 
lies the body of Ga\^n Douglas, bishop of Dunkeld, in Scotland^ 
who died of the plague in 1521 > 

Maurice Doran, or O'Deoran^ was the next bishop of Leighlin ^ 
he succeeded in 1523. He was either a Fnmciscan or Dominicati 
friar, w^sbom in Leix, in the Queen s county, and was distin^ 
guished by the probity of his principles and the power of his elo->> 
quence as a preacher. His answer to those who advised him to 
replace the expenses of his election, by the imposition of double 
subsidies on his clergy, is worth recording : Se velie su09f dum 
londeantur, non degludi — that he would have his flock shorn, not 
flayed. He governed this see but one year and eight months ; at 
the end of which time (in 1525) he was barbarously murdered by 
his archdeacon, Maurice Kavanagh, on the high road, near Gleft*^ 
Reynold. The bishop had reproved Kavanagh for insolent obsti- 
nacy and other misconduct, and threatened him with ftirther cor- 
rection ; on which the resentment of the latter led to the bloody 
deed. The murderer was afterwards apprehended, and, by com- 
mand of the lord deputy, Gerald Fitz- Gerald, earl of Kildare^ 
was hanged on a gallows erected at the spot where he had com- 
mitted the atrocious act. His bowels were afterwards taken out 
«nd bumed.t 

• ■ 

* There is a diiTerence between a penitentiary and a confessor. The latter 
is every parish priest who hears ordinary confessions ; but a penitentiary was 
originally an officer appointed by the bishop to go through the towns and 
villages of his diocese in Lent, and to absolve the weak, impotent, and poor 
^m such cases as were reserved only to his own absolution. The council 
of'Trent, sess. 14, ch. 7, sess. 24, ch. 8, appoints a penitentiary in ca- 
thedral churches, with power to absolve in cases reserved to the bishop,— > 
mrc. t Harris's Ware. 


Matifaew Sanders follows in the list of bishops of this see. He 
was boni near Drogheda, and was consecrated bishop of Leighlin^ 
in 1627 f in consequence of a provision of Pope Clement VIL^ 
dated 1 1 th April in that year. He rebuilt the choir of the cathedra) 
of St. Laserian, and erected and glazed the south window. 

A.D. 1524. The patent of Gerald, earl of Kildare, at this time 
lord deputy, declares, that he shall support the government of 
Ireland with the revenue of the covntr)' ; that he shall not take 
cmn and livery, except at hostings ; that bis soldiers shall be ooo* 
tent with flesh, bread, and ale on flesh days, or two pence in lieu 
of it, and fish or butter on fish days, or two pence in lieu of it ; 
the foot scddiers shi^l be content with three half-pence per diem in 
hen of said allowance : boys shall be content with what they can 
get, or a penny instead, and each trooper shall -take but twelve 
sheaves of 09^ per night, or two pence in lieu thereof.* 

About the year 1332, John Allen, formerly clerk of the council, 
and then master of the rolls, was sent on a mission to the king by 
the government in Ireland. He had instructions. to acquaint the 
king with the weak state of the settlers, the limited-dominion of the 
king, and the chief causes of the unhappy circumstances of the 
British interest. We shall give bis representation, as it embraces 
an account of the condition of our dintrict at the time. He states to 
his majesty, that, neither the Elnglish order, tongue, or habit, nor 
the king's law, are used or observed beyond a distance of twenty 
miles firom the capitd. The causes of this state of things, were, 
be said, as follows : the extorting of coin and livery, and accepting 
of cuddiesf for remission of the punishment due to musder, assaults, 
and felonies : the want of English inhabitants, such as those who 
formerly had arms and servants to defend the country : the expulsion 
of the English tenants, and, of late, taking the Irish instead, 
who can live without bread or good victuals ; but who will agree 
to pay a higher rent, and become vassals, which the English cannot 
bear : the overgrown jurisdiction of the nobility : the Hack rent 
extorted by th!e Irish. These were the grievances submitted by 
the master of the rolls, and it is a remarkable fact, that some ot 
them remain grievances at the present day. 

BaroQ t^inglas, who wrote in this reign, has some observations 
and suggestions on the state of the country, to which we shall 
give a place here, a3 they contain matter pertinent to our subject. 

'^ The four saints, that is to say, St. Patrick, St. Colomb, St. 
Braghane, and St Moling,^ which many hundred years agon^ 
made prophecy, that Englishmen should have conquered Ireland; 
and said, that the said Englishmen should keep their own laws, 
and as soon as they should leave, and fall to Irish order, then they 
should decay ; the experience whereof is. proved true. 

** First, our sovereign lord the king should extend his gracious. 

* Cox. t Cuddy is a supper, or enteitainment for a night, or aa 

eijuiralent for it in money, aqttaviUe, or boney. 
. I An account of him has bean given, page 26« 


power, for (he refonnatioii of Lemster, which is the key and tiigh* 
way for reformation of tiie reman«if ; and it is situated in an aa^le 
l>etwixtWaterford and Dublin, wherein no mere iriiAiiien dwell, hat 
the Kavanaghs, of whom MacMorroilgh is eaptaib, which caamot 
make horsemen pass two hundred; and the Byrnes and Tooles, 
which cannot make one hundred horsemen, besides the Irish in* 
habitants of their country, which be but naked men^ as Keme^ 
which were not in this hundred years more feeble to be conquered, 
than they are now. 

'^ To alleviate the king his charges to the reformation of Leinster, 
there be divert abbeys adjc^ing to Ihese Irishmen, which do give 
more aid and supportation to these Irishmen, than to the king or 
his subjects, part against their wills, — which may be suppressed 
and given by our sovereign lord the king to young lords, knights, 
and gentlemen out of England, which shall dwell upon the same, 
besides other divers manors, piles, and castles upon the borders, 
as hereafter following. First the king's grace to give to one good 
English captain the abbey of — 

** To another the castle of Leighlin, with the lands adjoining. 

To another the castle of CaCherlogh, with a barony adjoining. 

To anodier the manors of Rathville and Clonemore,* witi^ a 
barony to the same." 

I'he baron continues his suggestions for the amelioration of the 
country, in l^e following terms : 

" The shire of Uriell (Louth) to cess forty Kerne, the counties of 
Kildare and Catherlogh six score Kerne, and their captmns to be 
elected,! and every captain to have their little guidon .f 

^' That no Englishman of the land wear oversHp Irish coat and 
hood OH pain of an hundred shillings Mies quoties, 

*' Whensoever the deputy with his gtiard or other retinue Come 
within any of the four shires,} then the livered in the country and 
in the borough towns by the king's harbinger shall be paid for every 
yeoman^ horse and Kerne's meal, two pence, and for eveiy boy a 
penny a meal, and for every six sheaves of oats a penny, every 
peek of oats six pence, a gallon two pence ; and that they shall 
have such meat and drink as the husbandman hath, on whom he is 
livered, and to take one manner of flesh sodden without waste, 
neither to drive him to buy none, or other victuals ; and that they 
play no riot or evil order on pain of their lives. 

" That every husbanchnan having a plough within the English 
pale, shall set by the year twelve ashes in the ditches and closes 
of his farm, on pain of two shillings. 

** That no man having a plough of his own buy any com upon 
pain of forfeit twelve pence against every peck that he so buy, until 
his own com be all spent. 

The baron malcea no mention of a castle at Clonmore. He introduces 
those of Carlow and Leighlin, and we may fairly infer, that did one exist at 
Clonmore, he would have introduced it. The Rathville above, is the present 
Rathvillyi f Ensign or standard. { Dublin, Kildare, Carlow and £<outh. 


^ That no Irish mlddtrels, rhymers, shaniutfhs, or bardf, be 
moBBeagers to derive any goods of any man dwellkig within tha 
EngliBh pale, upon pain of forfeiture of all their goods, and fkw 
bodies to be imprisoned at the king's will. 

** That no merchant buy no corn in sheaf upon pain of forfeiture 
of tiie same. 

** That no merchant's wife nse any tavern of ale upon pain of 
twenty shilKngs, taties quoiieSy as often as any of them do the 
contrary ; but let them be occupied in making of woollen cloth and 

^ That no ale be sold above two pence the gallon, upon pain of 
dght pence, (oties quoties, 

'' That all borough towns have good lodging to lodge the king^s 
subjects therein ; and that the king^s officers of the same town see 
that the people be well lodged, and that they shall have victuals 
plentiful for their money, and good cheap, and that they shall have 
six sheaves of oats for a penny, and a peck of oats for six pence. 

" That the borough towns be made sure and fast, and the customs 
yearly be well bestowed upon the walls and ditches of the said 
towns on their proper costs, six days in the mouth of March every 
year from henceforward, to repair and make fast their wails and 

** That there be but one maker of aquatiU (or whiskey) in every 
borough town, upon pam of six shillings and eight pence, totiea 
quoHes, as many as do the contrary." 

These suggestions of the bvon throw considerable light on the 
state and circumstances of our district, and of the country in gene- 
ral, in the reign of Henry VIII. 

In 1534, Lord Thomas Fitz-Gerald and others rose in rebellion. 
He had at one time in his possession six of the chief castles in the 
kingdom, of which thc^ of Carlow was one. He was finally mside 
prisoner and beheaded, A.D. 1537. 

A parliament was held on the Ist of May, 1537, at which the 
important Acf of Absentees was passed, by which Thomas Howard, 
duke of Norfolk, and lord Berkeley, his co-partner, were deprived of 
the county of Carlow, which they inherited from Thomas de Broker- 
ton, to whom allusion has been already made. (8) We shall give 
an abstract of this document, which closely affected the county of 
Carlow. The act commences thus :* 

'< For as much as it is notorious and manifest, that the king's 
hmd of Ireland heretofore being inhabited, and in due obedience 
and subjection to <^e king's most noble progenitors, kings of Eng- 
land, who in those days in the right of the crown of England, had 
great possessions, rents, and profits within the same land, hatii 
principdiy grown into ruin, diesolation, rebellion and decay, by 
Occasion that great dominions, lands, and possessions, within the 
sameiand, as well by the king^s grants, as by course of inheritance, 
and ollierwkie descended lo noblemen of the realm of England, and 

T Statutes at large, Vol. I, p. 48. 


especially the lands and dominions of the earldoms in Ulster and 
Leinster, who having the same both they and their heirs, by process 
of time, demoring within the said realm of England, and not pro- 
viding for the good order, and surety of the same their possessions 
there, in their absence and by their negligences suifered those of 
the wild Irishry, being mortal and natural enemies to the kings of 
England, and English dominion, to enter and hold the same with- 
out Resistance, the conquest and winning whereof in the beginning, 
]:iot only cost the king's said noble progenitors charges inestimable, 
but also those to whom the said land was given, then and many 
years after abiding within the said land, nobly and valiantly defended 
the same agsdnst all the king's said enemies, and also kept the 
same in such tranquillity and good order, as the kings of England 
had due subjection of the inhabitants there, the laws obeyed, and 
of their revenues and regality were duly answered, as is any other 
where within the realm of Elngland, and after the gift or descent of 
the said lands, possessions, and dominions, to the persons aforesaid, 
they and their heirs absented themselves out of the said land of 
Ireland^ demoring within the realm of England, not pondering nor 
regarding the preservation thereof, the towns, castles, and garrisons 
appertaining to them fell into ruin and decay, and the English in- 
habitants there in default of defence and justice, and by compulsion 
of those of the Irishry were exiled, whereby the said king's pro- 
genitors lost as well flieir dominion and subjection there, as also all 
their revenues and profits, and the said enemies by readopting or 
attaining the said lands, dominions, or possessions, were elevated 
into great dominion, power, strength, and puissance, for the sup- 
pressing of the residue of the king's subjects of this land, which 
they daily ever since have attempted, whereby they from time to 
time usurped, and encroached upon the king's dominions, which 
hath been the principal cause of the miserable estate, wherein it is 
at this present time, and those lands and dominions by negligence, 
and in default of the very inheritors, after this manner lost,, may be 
good example to the king's majesty now being, intending the re- 
formation of the said land, to foresee and prevent, that the like shall 
not ensue hereafter, for when the noble prince Thomas Howard, 
duke of Norfolk, and the lord Berkeley, his coparcioner, claim and 
hold as their ancient inheritance, the seignories and lordships of 
Catherlagh, (here other persons and their possessions are named), 
every of the several lands and possessions within the said land, 
which both they and their antecessors and predecessors, in semblable 
wise, not regarding the defence nor good order of the same, divers 
times not only have suffered the king's enemies to encroach and 
enter into their dominions and possessions ; so as for the recovery 
thereof, the king's highness that now is, his father and grand- 
&ther, at divers and several seasons, have been put to inestimable 
charges, and the same so by them attainted, the said inheritors and 
possessioners have entered again into the said lands and possessions, 
taking the profits thereof ^or a season, without provision making 
for any defence or keeping thereof in good order, but making leases 

aw tas coUNTt of cARLOtr. 97 

ot dxrets tkeir bdds and manors^ to tlie late earl of Kildare-^ 
(aUuBion is here made to Kildare's rebellion^ and the expense at- 
tendant on the recovery of the castle of Carlow, and other places 
from him) — and also considering that the persons aforesaid, having 
heretofcnre the same lands and possessions at their own disposition 
and order, perceived little profit thereby, and yet by their negligence 
and misorder thereof, and especially with the counties of Gather- 
lagh and Wexford, being places privileged by the king's said most 
noble progenitors, that the lords thereof may keep and hold all 
manor pleas with the same, by occasion and under pretence and 
ooloi:^ whereof, the king's laws, writs, or other processes be not 
obeyed, neither any other law or justice there used or administered 
for the quieting and good Order of the king's subjects, inhabitants) 
within the same, was in default, as well thereof as of a governor 
to rule, order, and guide them, the king's enemies have therein 
sewadge, all murders, robberies, thefts, treasons and other 
offences, remain there unpunished, the king's wards, reliefs, 
escheats, and all other his profits and revenues, being with* 
drawn, and the service, strength, and assistance of the said sub- 
jects is greatly minished, and for these and other divers hurts 
and enormities which been like to ensue to the common weal 
of the said land, to the prejudice of our sovereign lord the 
king and his heirs, by the misorder of the lands and possessions 
belonging to any of the persons aforesaid, and in respect of the 
inestimable charges which the king our sovereign lord hath sus- 
tained, and apparently hath occasion to sustain, for and about the 
conquest and recontinuance of the same out of his enemies' pos- 
sessions, by authority and reason wherof, albeit that his grace 
hath lawfiil and sufficient right to all the said seignories, lands, and 
possessions, and that if his grace would take of the inheritors and 
possessiouers of the same, the arrearages of the two parts of the 
yearly profits thereof, by reason of their absence out of the said 
land, contrary to the statutes thereof provided, the same would coun- 
tervail the purchase thereof: yet for corroboration of the right and 
tiUe of our said sovereign lord the king, and his heirs which he 
hath to all the said lands, dominions and possessions ; be it enacted^ 
established, and ordered by the king our sovereign lord, the lords 
spiritual and temporal, and commons, in this present parliament 
assembled, and by the authority of the same, that the king, his 
heirs, and assigns, shall have, hold, and enjoy, as in the right of 
the crown of England, all honours, manors, castles, seigniories, 
hundreds, franchises, liberties, county palatines, jurisdictions, 
annuities, knight's fees, advowsons, patronages, lands, tenements, 
woods, meadows, pastures, reversions, remainders, rents services; 
parsonages,, vicarages, dismes, tithes, oblations, pensions, and all 
and singular other possessions, hereditaments, and aJl other profits as 
well spiritual as temporal whatsoever they be, which the said duke 
and his comparcioner — (and others named) — all such right, title, 
interest, use, possession, leases, rents, annuities, offices, and (een, 
as they have in or to the premises or any parcel thereof, as if this 


act had never been made." Tlien follows a proviso^ praffentiiig 
prejudice to parttcular persons named ; and a clause, enacting that 
obligation, &C.9 for the payment of rent out of the premises, be 
Toid. — Thus was the county of Cariow drawn from the possession 
of the duke of Norfolk. Great part of it was afterwards granted 
to the Ormonde fietmily, as will hereafter more fiiUy appear. 

(t has frequently happened, that great events have arisen from 
very trifling causes. Of this, the Act of Absentees is an instance. 
Its origin is thus handed down to us. I'be king was about pro- 
moting Aylmer, chief justice of the common pleas, to the rank 

of lord chief justice of the king's bench, when the earl of Shrews- 
bury (at the request of his tenants in Waterford or Wexford) op- 
posed the appointment, alleging, that Aylmer was a silly, frivolous 
fellow, and unfit for such an office. The king on hearing this, re- 
primanded lord Cromwell for recommending such a coxcomb to 
him. Cromwell, in reply, begged of the king to speak to Aylmer, 
assuring his majesty, that he was misinformed* The king consented, 
and Aylmer having appeared, he asked him the cause of the decay 
of his dominions in Ireland. Aylmer answered, ** that it was be- 
cause the estated men, who used to reside and defend their own 
estates and countenance their tenants, did now generally dwell in 
England, and left Ireland a prey to the natives : but that if his 
majesty would oblige the estated men to residence, or seize their 
estates to his own use, he would soon find a reformation." The 
king, pleased with this advice, thanked Aylmer, and assured htm 
the matter should be attended to in the next parliament. 

At the same period the following laws were enacted : 1, That the 
clergy shall pay annates or firnt fruits ; that is, a year's profit, and 
Bhall pay or compound before possession. 2, An act to suppress 
all tributes, pensions, and Irish exactions, claimed by the Irish 
from towns or persons, for protection. 3, An act for the suppres- 
sion of abbeys. 4, An act for destroying the weirs on the river 
Barrow, &c. 4, That no subject shall be shaved above his ears, 
or wear glib8,(9) or crommeals (moustaches), or linen died in saf- 
fron, or above seven yards of linen in their shifts ; and that no 
woman wear any kirtle, or coat tucked up, or embroidered, or 
garnished with silk, nor laid with usker after the Irish fashion ; 
and that no person wear mantles, coats, or hoods afler the Irish 
fashion, (except women, horse-boys, cow-boys, and soldiers, at 
the rising out and hostings, all which may wear mantles) ; and 
that every body shall endeavour to learn the English language and 
conform to the English fashion, &c.* 

On the 12th of May, 1537, the lord deputy (Leonard, lord 
Gray) attacked the Kavanaghs, and compelled MacMorrough, 
their chief, to submit and give hostage8.r 

At a parliament held on the 5th February, 1541, it was en- 
acted, that electors in counties roust have a freehold worth dear 
forty shillings per annum, on pain of one hundred shillings ; that 





the dected in counties, cities, and towns must be resident; and 
that the sheriff shall forfeit one hundred pounds if he make a 
return contrary to this act> and the party returned one hundred 
pounds more. 

• A.D. 1542. • The lord deputy and council established the 
following temporary regulations by proclamation, on the l2th July. 
That no horseman shall keep more garsons or boys than horses, on 
pain of twenty shillings. That there be no more exactions to 
maintaiii horse, foot, or kernes, or for the purpose of waging 
internal war ; mid that coin and livery be no more taken, unless by 
the deputy's order at a general hosting ; that, nevertheless, the cap- 
tain of the county must have the usual contribution of the county, 
for his own defence, and that of the public. That noblemen sfaidl 
have but twenty cubits or bandies of linen in their shirts ; horsemen, 
ei^iteen ; footmen, sixteen ; garsons, twelve ; clowns, ten ; and 
that none of their shirts shall be dyed with saffron, on pain of 
twenty shillings. No histrions, mummers, or players to be 
permitted at Christmas, or Elaster. 

This year, the O'Bimes of Wicklow submitted to the lord 
deputy, .and covenanted to find one hundred and twenty gallow- 
glasses (10) and their servants for three months, when the counties 
of Carlow and Kildare do so. 

The act passed in 1537 for the suppression of religious houses, 
did not remain a dead letter on the statute book. The government 
actively engaged in the work of carrying its provisions into effect. 
There seem to have been but three monastic establishments in our 
county at this period, viz., Killarge, TuUow, and Leighlin-bridge. 
It is now for us to notice the proceedings relative to them. - 

Nicholas Plunket was the lest commendatory or preceptor of 
Killarge. An inquisition taken on the Wednesday next after the 
feast of St. Brandan, 33rd king Henry VIIL, finds him seized of 
a castle and tiiree messuages in Frereion,* with two messuages, 
one hundred acres of arable land,- and fifty-six of pasture and 
underwood in Courtown, annual value, besides reprises, five 
pounds sterling ; one hundred and sixy acres in the said town of 
Rnsselstown, and sixteen acres in TuUowphelim, annual 'value, 
besides reprises, four shillings; also the following rectories ap- 
propriated to the said preceptor, Killarge, which extendeth into 
Killarge, Frereton, and Courtown of Killarge, Rnsselstown, Bes— 
therestown, Curdinheth, and Ballyurayn, annual value, besides re- 
prises, eight pounds sterling ; Kylmakhill, which extendeth into 
KylmakiU, Carydagh, Castlecoyle, Grangewelt, Poleston, Bally- 
shordan, and Balljmewaly, annual value, besides reprises, seven 

* There ean be very little doubt, that this is the Freineston, at which the 
priest and congregatioawere bqmed, as lately noticed ; and from the sub- 
sequent details, t am quite convinced, tliat it is the present Friaratown, and 
that KUla^ (also caUed Killergy) is the present Killerig: Very probably, 
the priest and diorch above alluded to, belonged to the preceptory of Ktlr 
large. The various wavs of writing the name of the same ph^ observable 
in the Irish annals, leads to great confusion and obscurity, and i^.inw;)i to 
be regretted. 



poiittds etelaig ; tiao Powenston. in O'Ryan't coimtr^, Muitttl 
value, besides reprises, tweaW shUIings. And another mquisitioii 
taken in March* same year, mids, tiiat the said cemmendator was 
aeized of fourteen acres of land in Miganne ; all the said lands 
and rectories lie and are situated in the county of Carlow. The 
estate of this estaUishment was granted to Sir Gerald Ayimer.* 

William was the last prior of l£e Carmelite monastery at Le^- 
lin-bridge. By an inquisition taken on the Friday next after the 
jfeast of conception ai the blessed Virgin, 34tb king Henry VIII., 
ttie said William was found seized of a church and belfry, dormi- 
tory, hall, two chambers and a kitchen, with a cemetery and a 
ganton, containii^ one acre ; also twenty-four acres of pasture, 
and an eeUweir in Leighlin, annual value, besides reprises, two 
pounds, six shillings, and eight pence. — ^An inquisition, Srd, 
ESdward VI., finds, that the prior was also t&zed. of four acres 
of fH»ble land near Clowe's orchard, in this county, annual value, 
tesides reprises, sixteen pence. This house seems to have been 
converted to military purposes. More oi it presently* 

An inquisition tidcen on the Friday next after Ihe fieast of the 
conception of the Virgin Mary, 34th, king Henry VIII., finds the 
possessions of the friary of Tidlow to be as follows, viz., a church 
and belfry, dormitory, hall, three chambers, a kitchen, &c., forty* 
four acres of arable land of the small measure in TuUowphelim, 
«nd sixty acres of arable in Mallardiston, all in this county, annual 
value, besides reprises, twenty-six shillings and eight pence^ 
The estate of this estaUishment was granted to Thomas earl of 

A.D. 1545. This year, Cahir or Charles MacArt Kavanagh 
-of Polmonty, and Gerald MacCahir Cavanagh of GarryhiU, had 
fierce ocHitentions about their territory, A pitched battie ensued, 
when one hundred on each side were killed, but Cahir MacArt 
finally prevailed and secured possession of the disputed estate. 

We learn, that at the close of this reign, MacMoirough was 
granted compensation for his black rent in the shape of a pension 
irom ^ king*t 

Kiiig Henry VHI. died on the 28th Januar)-, 1547, in tiie 
thirty*eigh^ year of his reign and fifty-sixth of his age. 

CHAP, xvm. 

Reign of Edward VI. A.D. 1547, io A.D. 1553. 

EnwABD VI. succeeded his faiher; having then attained but 
his tenth year. Edward Seymour, the long's maternal unde, 
(afterwards created duke of Somerset), was appointed protector. 

!Wiirt. Archdall. flhid. |Camdsa'8Brit«iai«,vel. iii. p.481. 


MaA«w Sanden, bishop of LdgUiii) died on ike 24tli Decern- 
lier, 1549, and was buried. in the caAecbral under a marble raonu^ 
ment. He was reckoned a promoter of the reformation^ both under 
Henry VIII. and Bdward VI., although indebted for his advance- 
ment to ttke pope. 

Robert Travera succeeded. He was consecrated in 155Q. 

In this reign GtenM» elevendi earl of Kildare^ was en^wered 
by sAVend commissionfi to preserve the peace, and govern the 
coontiee of Carlow, Kydare, and Dublin^ in liie kwd deputy^a 

8ff Bdward Bellingham was appomted lord deputy by fidwacd 
Yh He appears to have been a man of 'much judgment, intelli- 
gence, and valour. He introduced several regvdatioDi for the bet- 
ter nuuiagemnit of military affairs in the kingdom, and, in onfter 
to the more prompt execution of important concerns, established 
stables of horses at various places, among the rest at Leighlin- 
biidge. Having matters to transact with the earl of Desmend, 
he sent a courier to that nobleman requiring his presence; but the 
earl did not attend. Bellingham, wi&out communicating his route, 
ordered an eeeott and rode to Leighlin4>ridge. He caused the 
suppressed monastery there to be surrounded witii a wall, and he 
erected a fort at the same place. He had in the monastery a 
stable of twenty or thirty horses. From Leighlin<>bridge he pro- 
ceeded to the south and took the earl of Desmond prisoner. The 
eminent merits of this distmguished chiel governor, did notshield 
him from calumny ; he was maligned by some membws of the 
eomicil, and, m consequence, received a recal. On investigation, 
his innocence became apparent, and it was intended to entrust the 
deputyship of Ireland again into his hands ; but death frustrated 
ihm execution of this design.t 

A.D. 1549. Februarv Uie.&Ml. Sir William Biebaaon (an- 
cestor of the eads of Meath) was appointed lord deputy. He 
inde&tigebly pursued Checks MacArt Kavanagh, (alias MacMor-i 
rough), agam m lebeHioe, declared him traitor and killed many of 
his followers. He als^ humed his country, which obliged him to 
make formal sufomissi^ to renounce tiie name of MacMorreugh, 
end part with his ueuiyed jurisdiction and territory. He recemd 
a general pardon by letters patent, dated 25th of-May, 1552. Th# 
fofiowing noUemmi were present^ (4th November, 1550), when 
Charles MaeAtt made his submission : the earis of Desmondj^ 
Thomond, Ckmrickarde^ and Tyrone, lords Mountgarrett, Dun- 
boyne, Cahir,. and Ibracan4 

A.D. 1551. One of the Kavanaghs was this year executed 
at Coilc. It is not known for what aime he suffered.! 

Edward VI. died on the 6th July, 1553. 

*Playfidr'i Brit.FRmily.AQtiq.vQl. iv. p. 17. fHodcer. Borlans. 
tCu.Hib. Ang. fllrid. 



Reign of Queen Mary, A.D. 1553, to A.D. 1558. 

Mart, eldest sister of the deceased king, ascended the throne. 

In 1554, Travers, bishop of Leighlin was deprived of his 
see by George Dowdal, arclDbishop of Armagh, WiUiam Walsh, 
bishop of- Meath, and Thomas Leverous, bishop of Kildare, be- 
cause he was a married man. The term of his life, or the place 
of his residence after deprivation, are not known ; but Sir James 
Ware believes, that he died in the reign of queen Mary. Thady 
Dowling, chancellor of Leighlin, gives him the character of a 
cruel, avaricious man, and an oppressor of his clergy. 

Thomas Field, or O'Fihel, a Franciscan friar, and a native of 
the county of Cork, was appointed in the place of bishop Tmvers 
by a papal provision. 

By an inquisition taken the first year of queen Mary, it was 
found that, the abbey of Abbington, county Umerick, (of which 
John O'Mul-Ryan was the last abbot), poi^sessed the rectory of 
Tullowphelim, in the county of Carlow, annual value, besides 
reprises, four pounds sterling, Irish money.* 

On the 9th of February, 1555, Charles Mac Art Kavanagh 
iVas created baron of Balian for life. After his death, his brother 
Derihot had the same title. It is worthy of note, &at Charles 
MacArt was also nominated captain of his sept or nation ; thus 
giving him all the ancient jurisdiction of a chieftain, after he became, 
lord of parliament. 

The honours bestowed on the chief did not, however,^ ensure 
tiie loyalty of the clan. In May, the Kavanaghs, and others, 
invadcKi the northern part of the county of Dublin; but the citi- 
zens of the metropolis, after great slaughter of -the rebels, drove 
one hundred and forty of them to Powerscourt castle, which they 
made an attempt to defend. On the appearance, however, of 
Sir George Stanley, with a military force, they surrendered at 
discretion, when seventy-five of them were hanged in Dublisy 
and the remainder pardoned, f 

On the 19th June, 1557, a parliament enacted, that nobody 
shall make aquavit€e (whiskey) without licence under the great 
sea], excepting noblemen, gentlemen, and freemen of towns that 
send members to parliament. This was designed to spare corn, 
and prevent dearth. 

Queen Mary died on the l7th November, 1558. 

? Archdall, Monaat. Hib. p. 809. f Cox. 


Reign of Queen Elisabeth, A.D. lo5S, toAJ). 1603. 

Elizabeth^ only surviying child of Henry VIII., succeeded her 
sister^ in the tw^enty-fifith year of her age. 

By an inquisition taken at Carlow, in the month of March, and 
fifth year of the present reign, it was found, that Gerald, earl of 
Kildare, father of Gerald then earl, was seized of several messuages, 
lands, and hereditaments, viz., town and lands of Dromeroo, 
Powerstown, Gurtyne, and Garrane, vulgarly called the land of 
Theobald Butler ; Mirtellestown, &c. All these premibes reverted 
to the hands of Henry VHI. 

A.D. 1565. Sir Henry Sydney, K.G., appointed lord deputy. 
The state of the country is represented as most deplorable at this 
time. The people reduced to the. greatest poverty, the soldiery 
licentious and unpaid ; the Kavanaghs, Birne?, and others, domi- 
neering and devastating at will. In short, it appears, that at this 
time neither life nor property of the well-disposed subject was 

At this period, Gerald, eleventh earl of Kildare, was joined in 
commission with the earl of Ormonde, Field, bishop of Leighlin, 
and others, for the reformation of religion. 

Thomas Field, bishop of Leighlin, died the Friday before Palm- 
Sunday, 1567 ; having governed this see twelve years.^ — He was 
buried in the same tomb with his predecessor Saaders*t 

Daniel or Donald Kavanagh was advanced to the see in the 
year of the decease of bishop Field. The letter^ patent by which 
he was appointed bore date the 7th May, and ninth year of the 
reign of Queen Elizabeth. He was conseprated at St. Patrick's, 
catiiedral, bj Hugh Curwin, archbishop of Dublin. He made 
long leases of many parts of his diocese, reserving only small rents 
to his successors ; and died on the 4th April, 1587. On the 6th 
June following the death of this prelate, the queen granted the see 
of Leighlin in cQmmendaniy during the vacancy, to Peter Corse, 
archdeacon of Leighlin. 

The diocese remained vacant for two years afiter the death of 
bishop Kavanagh, being reduced by him so much in income as to 
be no longer an object worthy of acquisition. At length, in April, 
1589, Richard Meredyth, a native of Wales, and master of arts 
in the university of Oxford, was appointed to the see of Leighlin. 
He was at the time dean of St. Patrick's, and rector of Loughrea, 
in the diocese of Clonfert. The queen's letters patent for his pro- 
motion, and for holding the deanery of St. Patrick's in commen' 
dam, bear date the 30th April, and thirty-first year of her reign ; 
the poverty of the see being the cause of annexing the deanery to 
it. He was chaplain to Sir John Perot, lord deputy of Ireland ; 

• Hfoker. t Harrii' Wart. 


oa whose accoont he suffered greatly. In 1589^ the year of his 
advancementy he was conunittod. prisoner to the tower of London, 
and fined ahout die same time 2000/. in the star chamber; bat the 
particulars of his ofllence are not known. In 1592^ he assigned 
to the queen three hundred marcs* per annum out of the issues of 
Us deanery, for ten years, in commutation of the fine. He re- 
paired the episcopal house of Leighlin ; and died in DubKn, on the 
drd of August, 1597; where he was buried on the norHi side of 
St. PatrieWs church, under a marble monument, near the steeple. 
This monument being decayed by time, three of his descendants, 
vie, Richard Meredyth of Shrowland, in the county of Kildare, 
Esq. ; Charies Meredyth, dean of Ardfert, and Arthur Francis 
Meredyth, of DoUardstown, in the county of Meath,nn the year 
1734, erected a new monument to his memory, at their joint ex- 
pense. (11) 

Another vacancy of nearly three years occurred on the death of 
tiie preceding bishop. In the year 1600, Robert Grave, dean of 
Cork, was advanced to the bishoprics of Leighlin and Ferns, the 
latter being at that time unfilled. Bishop Grave was, in the year of 
his elevation, shipwrecked in the harbour of Dublin. From this 
period, the sees of Leighlin and Ferns have been always conferred 
on the same person. A step suggested, no doubt, by the detriment 
lately done to the revenues of the former diocese. 

Nicholas Stafford, chancellor of Ferns, succeeded Grave in 
both bishoprics, by letters patent, dated the 19th July, in the 
forty-third year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth. He was con- 
eecrated on the 18th of March, 1600, and the same day restored 
to the temporalitaes. 

A.D. 1567. This year. Sir Peter Carew, of Mohonesotreie, in 
the county of Devon, knight, descended of a noble family, Isud 
claim to large estates in Ireland. The ancestors of this personc^e 
had been barons of Carew in England; marquises of Cork^ 
barons of Idrone, and lords of Maston Twete, and of other seig- 
niories in Ireland. Having ascertained the strength and justice of 
his titie to the property as above stated, he acquainted ^e queen 
and council with his claim, and prayed that he might have their 
permission to follow and recover the same. His request was 
granted, together with letters fix>m her majesty and the council to 
the authorities in Ireland, desiring them to aid and assist him, by 
access to the records in Dublin castle, and every other means within 
theb power* Sir Peter Carew then repaired to Ireland, and after 
aatis&etory search, exhibited a statement of his claim, (before the 
lord deputy and council,) to the barony of Idrone, then in the 
possesmon of five of the Elavanaghs, who pretended a right to it, 
derived firom their ancestors botii before and since the conquest. 
Hke case was fiilly examined by lord chancellor Weston, the three 
chief judges, and several others of the council, when a decree 

* The value of a marc, or mark, wai t«ro*thurdi of t pound iterliaf— - 
thirteen iliillings and four pence. 


paflsed » laTOiir of Sir Peter Carew ; not merely iqiioiiendelM of 
^e inquuition taken 18th Richard II. (abeedy noticed)* but upon 
several other records, by which it was fiilly maaifeet^ that the 
Cflffewa anawered in the court of exchequer £6r the renta and royal 
aenrices due for the said barony, till they were dispossessed in time 
of common rebellion by the MadMlorroughs aSaa Kavana|^y who 
pretended a title to it by descent from Dermot MacMorroogh, last 
kingof Leinster; of which titlethey offered no prooC The de- 
cree, indeed, observes, that such pretended title could not be true; 
masmuch as Dermot had but one daughter and heir, who was 
married to Strongbow, oi whom the said Kavanaghs were not de- 

A.D. 1568. This year. Sir Bdmund Butl^, seneschal to his 
farodier, the earl of Ormonde^ joined the earl of Desmond and 
others in rebellion. He was ui^ed to this course by the iqppoint* 
ment of a commission to make inquiry concerning several ill^fal 
acts charged against him, and partly from attachment to the Irish^ 
and to the Roman Catholic cause. The lord deputy proclaimed 
him and his confederates, traitors, and transmitted orders to Sir 
Peter Carew, knt,(then resident at his caslie of Leighlin-bridge, 
of which he wsb governor), to march against the rebels. Sir 
Peter promptly obeyed, ai^ first assaulted the castle <^ Clogfa- 
grenan, in our county, (belonging at that time to Sir Eldmund 
Butler), which he speedily seized, and distributed the booty, there 
found, to his soldiers. He then marched to Kilkenny, attacked 
a body of two thousand rebels, killed four hundred of them, and 
thus concluded the war there. He was assisted in these proceed- 
ings by Captain Henry I^vells, to whom we shall again have oc* 
casion to make allusion. 

The Kavanaghs resident on the boundaries of Sir Peter Carew's 
district were united Mrith the Butlers in this rebelli<m ; but so com« 
pletely were they harassed by this able and active commander^ 
that ^ey were reduced to submit themselves at discretion to her 
majesty s mercy, and give hostages for their future peaceable 

In 1569, Sir Edmund Butler of Cloghgrenan obtained pardon 
from the lord deputy, through the intercession of his brother, the 
earl of Ormonde. It appears, however, that considerable obstruc* 
tion was thrown in the way of this amnesty, by the choleric tem- 
per and violent demeanour of Sir Edmund himsel£ For, when 
brought before the lord deputy, (on the I6th October), he cast 
naay refiecti(ms on that parsonage, charging him with partiality, 
with refusing justice, and, in short, attributing the late rebellion to 
his misgovamment. As might be expected, this language led to 
his conmuttal as a prisoner in the castle of Dublin; from which^ 
however, he shortly afterwards effected his escape, by means of 
a small rope, which unfortunately broke when he was three yards 
from aba gnmnd. So much disabled was Sir Edmund by the fall, 

* Hector* Harris, t Hooker. 


that- he could proceed but a sliort distance, and was oUiged to re- 
main all the ensuing night immersed to hie chin in water, in order 
to elude his pursuers.* In about three month s afterwards, theeaii 
of Ormonde again brought him, and the rest of his; brothers, 
before the lord deputy and council at DuUin, when they were all 
pardoned after a brief confinement. This clemency was owing to 
the favourable feeling entertained towards the earl by the govern- 
ment, and perhaps in some degree to the partiality of the queen, 
wiio by her mother was related to the Butlerfamily, and frequently 
boasted of the loyalty of that noble house. 

A.D. 1571. Sir William Fitz- William was appointed lord <le- 
putythis year. He framed many salutary regulations for the 
government of the country ; which not being relished by the Irish, 
they again '* began/' as Hooker says, ** to play their pagents." 
And first in this insurrectionary movement, was Bryan MacCahir 
Kavanagh, of Knocking, in the county of Carlow, who, having, 
as he stat^, suffered certain injuries from Robert Browne, ai 
Malkenram, immediately commenced a aeries of tyrannical acts, 
outrages, and devastations in the country ; among the rest, several 
towns were burned by him. Robert Browne, it seems, lost his 
life. The gentlemen of the county of Wexford, being grieved 
at the death of Browne, and Sir Nicholas Devereux, knight, his 
uncle, feeling particularly indignant at this circumstance^ they all 
rose in arms against the Kavanaghs, and collected as great a force 
as lay within their power. The same was done by fir y an Mac 
Cahir, and thus the country was reduced to a state of ferment and 
insecurity, to which no issue appeared but a pitched battle. An 
engagement, in effect, soon afterwards occurred; when Bryan 
MacCahir, with fewer numbers, contrived, by superior skill and 
generalship, to overthrow his opponents. Thirty county of Wex- 
ford gentlemen of rank were, on this occasion, killed. An English- 
man of rank, afterwards seneschal of Wexford, narrowly escaped 
by mounting a horse behind another man. The Wexford gentry 
made some subsequent efforts at retaliation, but» by degrees the 
difference died away. 

About two years afterwards, Bryan MacCahir made humble 
suit to the lord deputy for pardon, submitted himself fully, and 
confessed in writing the disorders he had caused, and the outrages 
he had committed : adding, however, that the iquarrel was not caused 
or commenced by him. Pardon was granted to him by the govern- 
ment; and his subsequent peaceable and proper conduct fully 
manifested that it was not improperly bestowed. Bryan MacCahir 
was son of Charles, the son of Arthur, which Arthur was by king 
Henry VIII. made a baron for the term of his life.f He was a man 
of great power in the counties of Carlow and Wexford. The 
said Bryan MacCahir was a younger son of Charles, but distin* 
guished for his superior judgment and bravery ; so much so, that 
although there were many able men in the sept of Kavanagh, 

* Cox. Hib. Ang. vol. i. p. 335. f Hook«r, Chrea. of Ir. 

gr tHK COU^^TT OF CARLO>;i'. l07 

none of them could claim equality witb him. He thus became a 
person of great power and influence in Leinster. He afterwards 
attached himself to Sir Peter Carew, proprietor of the barony of 
Idrone^ with whom he never broke his promise, but to whom he Was 
of much service, both in matters of counsel, and subsequent execu* 
tion in that part of the country. His friendship towards Sir Peter 
seems to have been ardent and sincere ; as we learn, that on his 
death Bryan pined away and died.* 

On the 27th November, 1575, Sir Peter Carew, knight, de- 
parted this life. From his close connection with our county, and 
residence in it, any particulars relating to him, or his proceedings, 
must be interesting and appropriate. Hooker, an agent of Sir 
Peter, writes as follows : " This foresaid Sir Peter was of stature 
mean, but very strongly and well compacted; of complexion 
choleric, from his childhood upwards bent and given to an honest 
disposition, and in his tender years, he served under and was page 
to the prince of Orange beyond the seas, and by that m'eans had 
the greater delight and skill in martial affairs, wherein he had good 
knowledge, as did well appear in the manifold services he did 
under king Henry VHI., king Edward VI., and queen Elizabeth^ 
in sundry places beyond as also on this side the seas. He was in 
his younger years a great traveller, and had been at Constantinople 
in the Turk's court, at Vienna in the emperor's palace, at Venice, 
and in the French king's court, and in the houses of the most of 
all Christian princes ; in every of which places he left some tokens 
of his value. He was blessed of God with many singular good 
gifte, as well of the mind as of the body, being virtuously dis- 
posed even from his very infancy, sincere in religion (and for which 
he was partly an exiled man in the Marian days), dutiful to his 
prince, and faithfrtl to his country, upright in justice, politic in 
government, and valiant in arms, skilftil in the Italian and French 
tongues, and a great student in such books as these tongues did 
yield ; and by <£at means some knowledge joined with his preg- 
nancy of wit, he would discourse very substantially in any matter 
concerning policy or religion, peace or wars ; good to every man, 
hurtful to no man ; bountiful and liberal, abhorring covetousness 
and whoredom : a great housekeeper, and of great hospitality. 
And if any fault were in him, it was rather of too much spending, 
than in reasonable saving ; he would be soon warm, but 'without 
gall, and against his enemy most stout and valiant : finally such 
was his upright dealing, honest conversation, and zeal to the 
commonwealth, as no man was more honoured nor universally be- 
loved than was he. 

*' Being put once in possession, (of Idrone), he dealt in such 
good order with them, (the Kavanaghs), and so honourably used 
himsd^ that they all voluntarily yielded up their lands, and sub- 
niitted themselves to his devotion ; aiid finding him to be a very 
rare man in many and sundry respects, as of the like they had not 

• Hooker. 


heard nor known, ihey much rejoiced of him, and counted them- 
selyes happy and blest to be under his government. At his first 
coming, he resumed the whole barony into his own hands, and 
thereof he gave some pieces in freehold, to such gentlemen as he 
thought good ; and for the residue every of them what he had 
before, he took it again under writing by lease. He divided the 
barony into certain manors and lordships, and in every one he did 
erect a court-baron, and there aU matters in variance between them 
were ended and determined after the English manner, according to 
justice and truth. He would not sufier any wrong to be done unto 
ihem, neither would he bear with any of them domg wrong. 
Their complaints he would hear, and with indifference he would 
determine them : he dwelled among them, and kept a veryjiberal 
and bountiful house, and such hospitality as had not been before 
known among them ; and for which he was marvellously beloved, 
and his fame spread throughout that land. 

'* He kept continually of his own private family, above or near one 
hundred persons in house, he had always in readiness forty horsemen, 
well appointed beside footmen, and commonly one hundred kerns, and 
all the country at commandment; by which means he chased and pur- 
sued such as lay upon the frontiers of his country, that they if any 
had offended, would come and submit themselves simply to his sway : 
and the residue willing to serve him at all needs, if any noble- 
man or others did pass by bis house, there he first stayed and was 
entertained accordmg to his calling, for his cellar door was never 
shut, and his buttery always open, to all comers of any xsredit. 
If any garrison ridier came to assist and attend him» or passed 
through his country, he gave them entertainment, and victualled 
them all at his own charges, and paid ready money both for it, and 
for all things taken of the country ; for without present payment 
he would have nothing : which was a rare thing and not heard of 
in that land. And as concerning her majesty's service, it was so 
honourable for her highness, and so protitable to the countiy, and 
accomplished with such a disposition and good will, as edl and 
every the governors in his time thought themselves happy to be 
assisted wifii such a man. In matters of counsel he was very grave 
and considerate, in matters of policy very wise and circumspect, 
and in martial affairs very valiant and noble, and in all of great 
knowledge and experience: in every of which (as occasion served) 
his service wasTeady and at commandment, so long as his abode 
was in that land. 

^* The fame and report of this noble gentleman, for his wisdospa, 
valiantness, experience, uprightness, housekeeping, bountifulness, 
liberality, and his just dealings with every man, were spread through- 
out that nation, and he favoured and beloved of all men." The 
holders of the lands in Munster, claimed by him, offered voluntarily 
'■' to relinquish them into his hands, and become his tenants ; his agent 
had therefore prepared a house in Kinsale and another in Cork 
for his reception. When, Hooker continues, " the said Sir Peter 
did set the house of Leighlin to his kinsman and cousin Peter 
Carew, who afterwards was his heir and prepared his ship to 


pass himself with his household stuff to Cork. And heiog in 
readiness for the same^ it pleased God to call him to another pas- 
sage; for falling sick at the town of Ross, he died, and was 
buried very honourably and in a warlike manner at Waterford, the 
15th December (1575) in the cathedral church, with all such ea- 
signs of honour as to his degree appertained, there being« then 
present, Sir Henry Sydney, lord deputy, and the council. And 
thus much concerning that worthy knight. Sir Peter Carew/^ 

It is worthy of note, that much contention had subsisted between 
the towns of W aterford and Ross regarding their respective boun- 
daries on the riyer Barrow. The people of Ross claimed privi- 
leges on that river, as a gift and grant of Hugh le Bigod, who 
married the eldest daughter of William, earl Marshal, and in her 
right was lord of Ross and of thp river Barrow. Inquisitions 
were made on this matter in the reigns of Edward III. and 
Richard II., and afterwards a verdict was found for Waterford by 
a sworn jury of six knights and eighteen esquires. 

In the year 1577, Rory Oge O' Moore, a chieftain of the 
Queen's county, rose in rebellion ; and together with other depre- 
dations, burned part of the town of Leighlin-bridge. He was not, 
however, to remain unopposed in his career at this place ; for 
George Carew, relative of the late Sir Peter, and then consta* 
ble of the fort and town, though having but the very slender force 
of seven horse, charged the rebels, who numbered two hundred 
and forty. He, however, made this sally at night ; and such was 
the energy of the assailants and the surprise of the Irish, that 
some of tiiem were^ killed, and the remainder fled. But having 
discovered the extremely small force of Carew's party, they in 
turn became the assailants, and pursued his men to the gates of 
Leighlin -bridge castle. Some of them even penetrated within the 
walls, but by the undaunted and continued bravery of the garrisoa 
were expelled. Captain Carew had two men and one horse killed, 
and every man of his party was wounded. The rebels lost sixteen 
men, among whom was one of their leaders; which so completely 
discomfited them, that they retired, leaving one half of the town 

Rory Oge shortly after took Captain Harrington and Alexandes 
Cosbie prisoners. The lord deputy immediately planned means 
for their deliverance, but before tiiey were fully perfected, Robert 
Uarpoole, constable of Carlow, resolved on making . O'Moore 
prisoner. He had previously learned his haunts, and, accompa?* 
nied by Captain Furse and fifty of his men, togedier with lieute* 
uant Parker, he marched in the night to the spot where Rory lay, 
and surrounded the house. O'Moore hearing the busde created 
by the arrival of his pursuers, and suspecting the worst, reaoWed 
on despatching his captives, Harrington and Cosbie, and with Uiat 
view made his way m the dark to where they lay and stabbed 

* Hooker. Mr. Brewer is clearly in error, where he etalepi thai Rory 
took the cestle and burned the town of Leighlbu 



. Harrington several times, but did not wound him mortally. Har- 
poole had by this time broken open the door, where he captured all 
persons found within the house : bi^ the chief object of their search 
O'Moore, contrived to escape. Labouring under vexation for the 
loss of his prisoners, and thirsting for revenge, Rory Oge repaired 
with some forces early on a subsequent morning, to Carlow, where 
he burned some haggards of com and houses, after which he re- 
tired. Constable Harpoole, on learning this audacious attack, 
forthwith pursued O'Moore with ten or twelve horses which he 
had in readiness. He overtook the retreating Irish at a ford not 
far distant, and killed sixteen or seventeen of them ; their leaders 
having had a narrow escape. (12) This bold rebel was finally 
taken and executed in the following year. 

A.D. 1578. One Thomas Stukeley, an Englishman, was 
commissioned by the pope to invade the territories of queen Eliza- 
beth. His first essay was to be made in Ireland. He was created 
by his holiness, a knight, baron of Idrone and Ross, viscount of 
Morrough and Kinsellagh, earl of Carlow and Wexford, marquis 
of Leinster, and general of the most holy father, Gregory VII. 
The career of this individual, of many spurious titles, was very 
brief and very inglorious. 

The Kavanafi^hs, O'Bims, and other septs in Leinster were 
now subjugated by the excellent chief governor. Sir Henry Sydney, 
and compelled to swear allegiance. 

Respecting the O'Rians, or O^Ryans, Hooker writes as follows : 
**I find it to be noted of the* O'Rians, who are now (reign of 
queen Elizabeth") dwelling in the barony of Idrone, and had a 
seat there by gift of the Kavanaghs, but since resisting against, 
them and denying to pay their accustomable cheverie, yielded 
themselves unto the earl of Ormonde, paying unto him a certain 
black rent to be their defender against the said Kavanaghs ; but 
in right they are tenants to the barons of Idrone."* 

In 1579, Captain Henry Davells was murdered by the rebellious 
John of Desmond, the earl's brother. He served with Sir Peter 
Carew, as already noticed, and was also actively engaged under 
Sir Nicholas Heme, knight, constable of Leighlin, and senes- 
chal of Wexford. In which posts he acquitted himself most 
creditably.f ♦ 

This year Sir William Drury, lord deputy, marched against 
the earl of Desmond, accompanied by Sir Nicholas Bagenal, 
Imight marshal, and several other men of rank. At this time a 
force of six hundred men landed at Waterford, under the com- 
mand of Captains Peter and George Carew. The honour of 
knighthood was now conferred on the former by the lord deputy. J 

In August, 1^80, the lord deputy, (lord Gray, baron of Wilton, 
K.G.) entered the defiles of the county of Wicklow and attacked 
the O'Birnes and others at Glendalough. He sustained a com- 
plete defeat; as might, indeed, be anticipated from the temerity of 

* Notes to GiFBl, Cambren. f Hooker. t Ibid. 


the undertakfaig ; fhe Irish haying an immense advantage in p<nnt 
of situation and intimate knowledge of the country. 8ir Peter 
Carew and Sir Henry Bagenal were chief commanders of the 
English. The former, unfortunately, was slain. ** Sir Peter^ 
says Hooker, '^ was very well armed, and with running in his 
armour, which he could not put off, he was half smothered and 
enforced to lie down : whom when the rebels had taken, they dis- 
armed him and the most part would have saved him, and made 
request for him, they thinlang that more profit would grow among 
them by his life than benefit by his death. Notwithstanding, one 
villain most butcherly, as soon as he was disarmed, with his sword 
slaughtered and killed him ; who in time after was also killed. 
Before the entry into this service, James Wingfield being acquainted 
with this kind of bold and rash hardiness, and foreseeing the evil 
success which was feared would ensue, persuaded with his two 
nephews. Sir Peter and Captain George Carew, to stay and to 
forbear to adventure into the woods* But Sir Peter could not listen 
thereunto, nor be persuaded ; but would needs go in. His brother 
would have done the like, but his uncle perforce kept him, saying; 
if I lose one, yet I will keep the other ; and so by that means he 
was by God's goodness saved and preserved.'' — Thus died Sir 
Peter Carew, proprietor of the barony of Idrone, when we pre- 
sume the estate descended to his brother. Captain George Carew. 

The Spaniards who invaded Ireland were defeated this year ; but 
at the same time James Eustace, viscount Baltingloss, together 
with the Kavanaghs, O'Bimes, a2d others, rose in open rebellion. 
Lord Baltinglass was shortly afterwards defeated, and obliged to 
leave the country. He died in Spain. 

In 1584, Sir John Perot, Knt, was lord deputy. At this 
period Marshal Bagenal was a member of the privy council. 

A.D. 1587. The Kavanaghs, who had murdered Sir Dudley 
Bagenal (probably in revenge for an inroad made on their territories 
by Sir Nicholas Bagenal in the early part of this reign*), and one 
Heron (perhaps the constable of Leighlin lately m^itioned), now 
came forward and alleging many plausible pretences for their in- 
surrectionary proceedmgs, formally submitted and craved pardon, 
which was granted to them.t 

The pope at this period, and, indeed, throughout the whole 
course of the reign of queen Elizabeth, intermeddled very much 
in the affairs of Ireland ; instigated by hatred of the ** heretical" 
queen^ encouraged by the blind attachment of the ignorant Irish to 
tiie Romish religion, and resting, no doubt, assured of the truth of 
the old adage : 

*' He that will Eagland win, must with Ireland first begin.'^t 

Nor was he feebly seconded by the Irish chieftains, who maintained 
one continued series of turbulence and rebellion, with occasional 
feigned submission, during the latter part of the sixteenth century. 
About 1590, we learn, that ^the Leinster Irish Began to gather 

• Brewer. f Cox. Hib. Ang. vol. 1. t Moryson. 


great strength. Donnell Spaniagk (or l^e Spamard) of tbe 
Kavanaghsy who resided at the castie of Clonmullin in our county, 
and others^ were not effectually subjugated when it might haye 
been done with facility ; and^ consequentiy, became most formidable 
from recruited strength and resources. In September, 1590> such 
was their prowess, and such their audacity, that they made prey of 
the entire country from the borders of Wexford to the gates of 
Dublin. Feagh Mac Hugh, chief of the O'Bimes, was joined 
with Kavanagh in the prosecution of this predatory warfare. They 
now demanded a restoration of their ancient titles of O and Mac^ 
together with certain lands to which they asserted the right of 
ownership. The government had not strength sufficient to make 
any effectual effort towards checking their proceedings ; this task 
was reserved to the celebrated lord Mountjoy, who arrived as lord 
deputy a few years afterwards.* 

On the 15th of April, 1598, the unhappy earl of Essex was 
sworn lord lieutenant. From a statement laid before him by the 
council, it appeared, that the county of Oarlow was laid com- 
pletely waste, and that the Kavanaghs were in open rebellion. 
The queen's wardens, however, held possession of the castles of 
Carlow and Leighlin-bridge, and six castles belonging to the earl 
of Ormonde were garrisoned for her majesty .f The force of the 
rebels (Kavanaghs, under Donnell Spaniaghy and others) in the 
counties of Carlow and Wexford, now numbered seven hundred 
and fifty foot and fifty horse 4 

Sir Charles Blount, lord Mountjoy, K.G., arrived in Ireland as 
lord lieutenant, on the 24th February, 1600.§ At the time of his 
accession to this office, it was found that the horse of the Carlow 
and Wexford rebels had increased to one hundred. 

Sir Oliver Lambert now marched into Donnell Spaniagh*s 
country, where he took one thousand cows, five hundred garrans,|| 
and a great quantity of sheep. He besides killed twenty of Kava- 
nagh's followers who opposed his entry, and many more who 
maintained a sort of irregular action during the day and part of the 

The lord deputy took Phelim Mac Hugh O'Bime's wife and son 
prisoners, and stationed a strong garrison on the east and west of 
his district The former at Wicklow, the latter at TuUow. 

On the 2drd of April, 1601, lord Mountjoy celebrated St. 
George's day with great pomp and magnificence. He assumed 
kingly state on this occasion, and was waited on by the colonels 
and captains of his army. Very probably, motives of policy partly 
led to this imusual display ; for Donnell Spaniagk^ Phelim Mac 
Hugh, and other rebel chieftains having previously submitted, were 

* Moryson. f Cloghgrenan, Clonmore, and TuUow were, no doubt, 

three of these castles. | Moryson. § Borlas*. 

II Gamm is an Erse word ; still retained in Scotland, says Dr. Johnson. It 
means a strong or hackney horse : see Shaw's Gielic dictionary. Todd.— 
The phrase is now used in Ireland to imply, a broken down, or valueless 


invited to be present at the feast on this occasion. They were en- 
tertained with much kindness by the lord lieutenant who assured 
Uiem, tiiat as he had been a stem opponent when they were in re- 
beilion^ so now, when they had returned to then* duty as good 
subjects, he would be their mediator to the queen. The former 
vigorous proceedings of Mountjoy, combined widi his present 
oondliatory demeanour, and Hie splendour of his cour^ made a 
etaroi^ impression on the minds of die Irish chieftains, and tended 
mueh to produce Uidr subsequent obedience.* 

A.D. 1601* The Kavanaghs afterwards raised twelve horse and 
tiiirty kernes for the service of her majesty ; all the Irish subjecti 
being required to furnish a supply in order to prosecute the war 
against O'Neill, earl of Tyrone. 

On the drd September, 1601, the lord Heutenant and council 
addressed a letter to the lords in England, in which they entered 
into an explanation of the causes which produced a yearly expendi- 
ture of more than six thousand pounds, sterling ; it being the sum 
allocated for extraordinaries in Ireland. They stated, that this 
sum was much too small for the transportation of victuals, carriage 
of munition, repairing of castles, houses, bridges, &c. ; in which 
last particulars, they had not been able to properly repair the castles 
and bridges of Carlow, Leighlin, and other places ; '* being," 
they said, ** of great consequence to curb the traitors, and assure 
the subjects, and the decay whereof would give the rebels free 
passage into many countries, besides our dishonour to n^lect those 
places, which the wisdom of former times with great policy planted ; 
the great charge of repairing whereof appeared by the transmitted 
certificates of commissioners appointed to view those places. And 
for these reasons they besought her majesty's warrant, to leave 
this charge to thdr direction for a time, without any limitation, 
promising not to enlarge the same in any thing, which might be 
spared, without apparent prejudice to her service, and giving their 
opinion, that in diis time of the new coin, these places might be 
repaired with small charge." 

Lord Mountjoy wrote from Kilkenny to Sir Robert Cecil, secre* 
tary of state. From this letter, bearing date the 14th September, 
1601, the following is an extract: 

— ** Myself purpose to return presently to Carlow, whether 
I will draw as many of the forces as I can, to employ them in the 
mean time, and to be ready to answer such occasions as shall fall 
out in MuDster, that being as things stand, the place best to give 
directions to all parts, and to assure the most dangerous." 

His lordship accordingly returned to Carlpw, and made such a 
disposition of the troops as he deemed expedient for the security 
of the surrounding districts. He then wrote to the lord president 
of Munster, Sir George Carew,t appointing to meet him at Kil- 

• Moryson. 

t Probably the captain George Carew, who has been lately noticed, and 
wbo perhaps at thn time held the barony of Idrone. Of this pernonage, 
Harris gives the following account: *^ He was constituted lord president of 


kenny. In a few days afterwards, hearing that the lord president 
was on his journey^ he departed from Carlow, and met him at 
Leighlin-hridge, from whence they rode together to Kilkenny. 
In 1602^ &rd Mountjoy wrote to the lords in England as 

fdlows : 

<^ I undertook with an array no greater than a reasonable 

garrison, to make the war of Leinster in the depth of winter. And 
first I fell into the glens, the fastest country of Ireland, and till 
now of all the parts of Leinster only untouched, when I first 
spoiled all the country, and made Donnell Spaniagh, whom be- 
fore I had received to her majesty's mercy, to join with me therein, 
and after forced Phelim MacFeagh, and all the Tooles (the most 
pestilent infesters of the pale) to submission." 

Queen Elizabeth died on the 24th March, 1603; in the seven- 
tieth year of her age, and forty-fifth of her glorious reign. Some 
account of the manners and customs of the Irish at this period 
will be found in the appendix. (13) 

Reign of James I. A.D. 1603, to \,l>, 1625* 

James VI. of Scotland succeeded to the crown on the death of 

Lord Mountjoy returned to England on the 28th May, 1603 ; 
when honours and wealth were abundantly showered on him, in 
requital for his brilliant and important services. 

Much was done in this reign for ameliorating the condition of 
Ireland : the particular attention of government was justly directed 
to a clear arrangement of the rights of property. Sir John Davies 
gives us the following information as to the mode adopted in this case : 
** Since his majesty came to the crown, two special ^commissions 
have been sent out of England, for the settling and quieting of all 
the possessions in Ireland; the one for accepting surrenders of the 
Irish and degenerate English, and for re-granting estates unto 
them, according to the course of the common law ; the other for 

Munster by queen Elizabeth, and for his faithful services against the rebels 
in Ireland, was by James I. created baron Carew of Clopton, and afterwarda 
by king Charles I., earl of Totness in Devonshire, and made master of the 
ordnance in England. Mr. Camden mentions this nobleman with high 
respect, ' on account of his great love for antiquities, and for the light he gave 
him into some of the affairs of Ireland.' But we must acknowledge ourselves 
infinitely indebted to him for the preservation of these two treatises (in the 
ffihemiea) and the memoirs out of which the accurate history called Pacaia 
Hibemia was composed." 


rtrwigthening <tf defectiTe titles. In the execution of wliieli eom* 
missionsy there hafh erer been I^ad a special care to settle and 
secure the under tenants ; to the end, Hiere might be a repose and 
establishment of every subject's esfate, lord and tenant, iir^lM>hier 
and fiEumer, throughout the kingdom. 

*^ Upon surrenders, this course hath been held from the begin- 
Ding : when an Irish lord do& offer to surrender his country, his 
surender is not immediatdy accepted, but a commission is first 
awarded, to inquire of three special ponits. First, of the quantity 
and limtts of the land whereof he is the reputed owner* Nex^ 
. how much he himself doth hold in demesne, and how much is pos- 
sessed by his tenants and followers* And thirdly, what customs, 
duties, and senrices, he doth yearly receive out of those lands. 
This inquisition being made and returned, the lands which ar« 
ibund to be the lord's proper possessions in demesne are drawn 
into a particular; and his Irish duties, as coshering, sessings, rents 
of butter and oatmeal, and the like, are reasonably valued and in- 
duced into certain sums of money, to be paid yearly in lieu thereof 
This being done, the surrender is accepted; and thereupon a grant 
passed, not of the whole country, as was used in former times, 
but of those lands only, which are foand in the lord's possession^ 
and ok tiiose certain sums of money, as rents issuing out of the 
rest But the lands which are found to be possessed by the tenants, 
are left unto them, respectively charged with their certain rents 
oidy, in lieu of all uncertain Irish exactions* — In like manner upon 
aU grants, which have passed by virtue of the commission for de* 
iective titles, the commissioners have taken special caution, for 
preservation of the estates of all particular tenants."* 

The fbregomg explanatory obi^rvations will throw much light 
on the proceedings relative to property and other matters in our 
county, which we shall now in^oduce, and which will be found 
most interesting. This information has been collected from the 
most authentic Bource, namely, the public records of the kingdom. 

By inquisition taken at Carlo w, 16th September, 1607, it was 
found that Theobaki, viscount Butler, of TuUowphelin, was seized 
of several castles, lands, tenements, and hereditaments, in Carlow 
county, viz., Cloghgrenan, Garry more, &c,t (The remainder 
wfllbe found in grant, dated 20th December, 1607.) 

GxANTS, &c. in this reign.$ 

King's letter for grant ol pension to Bryan M^Donough Kava- 
nagh, six warders, at eight pence per day each, fov his castle of 
Ba]lyl(H'gane.§ — 4di September, 1st year of James I. 

Grant by the king to Theobald Butler, sod of Sir Edmund 
Butier, knt., second son of James Butler, late earl of Ormonde 
and Ossory, of the title and dignity of viscount Butler of.Tul- 
leophelimll in the county of Carlow, with remainder to his heirs 
male. — 4lh August, 1st year of James I. 

• A Discovery of the True Cause, &c. 

t InquisitloQuia in oliioio rotulorum cancellarue Hiberniae aaservatBruaay 
rapertorium. J Calendar, Pat. Roll. § Now called Ballylaughan. jj Tallow, 


Grant from the long to John Eustace^ geat'^Carlow and KS* 
dare Counties, The tithes of the rectory, church or chapel oC 
Donnaghamocke, and BaUaghmore, and of the rectories, churches 
and chapek of Straboe, Rathmore, and Mobacon or Moyacon, the 
estates of St. Thomas Court, near Dublin ; rent 21/. 16«. %d. 
Irish. — Wexford County, Darbie's island, parcel of the estate 
of the late earl of Salop; rent 2^. 6^?. — KUdare Couniy, The 
castle and village of Harreston, and also the site, circuit, and 
precinct of the chief house, cQnfceunii^ two casties, a wall, one 
garden, the orchard, the haggard-place, one chapel upon a vaul^ 
one church yard, widi certain other buildings, containing by esti- 
inalion three acres and more; rent 2/. 135. 4.d, Irish — two mes- 
suages, ^ve cottages; rent!/. \2s, Irish.-— Arable one hundred 
acres, small measure ; rent 5L Irish — pasture forty acres, with 
liberty of the moor for digging of turf; rent 10/. 13«. 4</. — a 
watermill with the watercourse, rent 21, 13«. 4.d. ; £he estate of 
James Eustace, late viscount Baltinglass, attainted — the altarages, 
oblations, and profits of the parish church or rectory of St. Bride, 
near Osbertstown, rent 2/. ; parcel of the estate of the late hospi- 
tal of St. John of Jerusalem. — Dublin County. Three small closes 
or pai*ks in Kilmainham, rent 8^., the estate of said hospital ; 
total rent 46/. 19«. 2d, To hold for twenty-one years at the rent 
above stated, ^together with sixty-£ve pecks of port-corn, of half 
wheat and here malt, and the other half oat malt, for the said rec- 
tories, for which he is to be allowed 2d. per peck yearly in hi» 
account. Not to lease any part of the premises, except to Eng- 
lishmen, without the lord deputy's consent — 15th May, Ist year 
of James I. 

Grant from the king to the earl of Ormonde.-— Gzr/ot^ County. 
Two parts of the tithes of the rectory of Killeston or Kellys- 
toune.' — Ist December, 1st. 

Grant from the king to John Simberbe, or St Barbe, gent — 
Carlow County. The rectory of Cloydagh, in the Dollougfa, 
extending into the towns, &c. of Cloughgrenan, Ballinabrenagh, 
Ballitrolly, Garromore, Ballybrin, Stradnefusboke, Clogheristick 
and Cloughna ; parcel of the possessions of the Blessed Virgin 
Mary of Conell, Kildare County ; rent four pounds six shillings 
and eight pence Irish. — To hold for twenty one years (with other 
grants) at a rent of thirty-five pounds three shillings and six pence 
Irish, in consideration of his good and frtithful serviqe. — 18th 
May, Ist. 

General pardon to Katherine Cavanagh McDonnell Reagh of. 
Clonmullin, &c. 

Letter from the Privy Council of Elngland in favour of Donell 
Cavanaghe or Spanniagh and his kinsmen, notifying the king's 
pleasure, that he should be entered in the cheque roll as a pensioner, 
to have ten shiUings sterling English per day, till he recover his 
rights or be better provided for. — 22nd August, 1st. 

O It may be advisable here to state, that each acre of great country 
measure, contained fifteen acres of the small measure. 


Ovant to Thomu Tedder, derk, of Ae deanery of tbe cathedral 
church of Laugfalin, now vacant by the death of Moses Powell, 
and in the Idng'e gift of full right. — ^SiiZnd, Feb. Ist. 

General pajrdon to Conletffh M^Gillpatrick O'Birne, of Gather* 
]ogh county, yeoman, &c., 25th Nov. Ist 

Grant of the office of general cesser and collector of Catherlogh, 
Wexford,^ Kilkenny, King'n and Queen's' counties, to Sir Jefferie 
Fenton, Knt., chief secretary of state for Ireland. — 22nd Sept. 1st. 

Grant finom the king to Sir Oliver Lambert, Knt., and privy 
connadlor. After others, Carlaw County* — The fourth part of 
the town and fields of Kilgreny, in Foert O'Nolatk,* containing 
five acres small county measure ; the lands of Callough M^Eldm. 
O' Nolan of the same, gent, slain in rebellion ; rent two shillings-— 
toe third part of Ballykenny in Foert, containing six acres small 
measure; the lands of Donel Enass M^Oermot O' Nolan of tbe 
same, gent, slain in rebellion ; rent two shillings and three pence. 
Killinclonboly in Foert containing 9 acres small measure ; the lands 
of Gerald Kilhn of the same, attainted of felony, rent three 
shillings — the moiety of Killmoglish in Foert, containing seven 
acres small measure — two-third parts of Lisgra in Foert, containing 
six acres in like measure, and the moiety of Templepedder in 
Foert, containing ten acres like measure ; the lands of Grerald 
M'Donough Duffe O'^Nolan of Killmoglish ; rent six shillings and 
eight pence — two-third parts of Ballyvendon in Foert, containing 
four acres small measure, and two-third parts of BAlliochill in 
Foert, containing eleven acres like measure, and two-third parts 
of BsJSivickfinn in Foert, containing six acres like measure ; the 
lands of James Eustace, late viscount Baltinglass, attainted; rent 
six shillings — the third part of Kilbride in Foert, containing twenty- 
six acres small measure ; the estate of Roderick O' Nolan of the 
same, gent, slain in rebellion ; rent six shillings — another third 
part of Kilbride, containing twenty*six acres small measure ; the 
estate of Marrogh Ny Dowry C Nolan of the same, gent., at- 
tainted of felony ; rent six shillings and four pence — the old castle 
of Baliytramey in Foert, and two-third parts of the following 
towns, Baliytramey twenty acres, Rabin seven acres, Killean six 
acres, Aghclare five acres, and Ballivoige six acres, containing in 
all foity-foar acres small measure ; the lands of Cahir M^Donogh 
O' Nolan of Baliytramey, gent., dead without heirs; rent ten 
shillings and eight pence — in Ballykely in Foert, a messuage and 
four acres; the lands oi Oonogh M^ysagh O' Nolan of the same, 
gniL, dead in rebellion ; rent one shilling and two pence — two- 
third parts of Balligilbert in Foert, containing forty acres small 
measure; the lands of I'erence or Tirlagh Ballagh O' Nolan of 
the same, attainted of felony ; rent nine pence ; together with all 
their appurtenances of what kind soever. — To hold for ever in 
free and common soccage, by fealty only, for all rents, services, 
and demands whatever ; in consideration of his good, true, and 

• Th€ hftfony of Forth, 


acceptable service to Queen Blizabetli.* — 23iid Feb. ZdA year of 
James L 

Grant from tbe kbg to Sir Henry Broncar, Knt., lord president 
of Munster. — Carlow County — Certain lands called amarte-laode 
in the towns and fields of Polmoatie, Balliowniloure^ BaUinebame, 
^oranroe, Dromyne, and Clonagb— a marte-lande in Ratfaphan- 
dinbryy Ballydonbeg, Monenemogh, Ballindounemore, and As- 
kamy — a marte-lande in Cloneleigb. Downe-Rone otherwise 
Doronarde> Ballibime, Ballygalgirty and Ratiiisillagh — a marte- 
lande in Templeowtegan and BaUiwUliam — ^two parts in three of a 
marte-lande in Rahinmore, Ballinv^e, BalUngobban — a marte- 
lande in Ballileighy Ballinecowlagh, Owlard, Mastine, PoUragh- 
begg) Ballinknockcrompaney Glancon, Crompane^ and Ballinekillee 
— a marte-lande in Balliane, Ballinebanogee, Cowlebacke, and 
Ratbgirrock — a marte-lande in Ballycromegannecarlane and Dor* 
ronagh — a marte-lande in Behanagb> Ballylinge, Timdiige and 
Ballegilligan, — a marte-lande in Ballyhegan, Ballimickeylickey 
Ballinowlardey Skebanagh and Ballineclogb — a third part of a 
marte-lande called Carrigleod — a marte-lande in Kilcharry, Barre-> 
duffe, Moyneachrin^ Owlordfyan, Ballirodmonde, Loginch, Kill* 
clonegelly the bounds of RnockafSa and tbe sixth part of Drom<« 
ganow and Alleknockegh — a marte-lande in Ballihometly, Qlanm- 
coUitan and Torragh — a marte-lande in Ballinebrannagh, ^Rath- 
geirin and Killorian — a marte-lande in Ballihimocke, Ballicrome, 
Gameskegh, Ballicromeganbeg, Newton and Corvalty — a marte- 
lande in Cowlelebone, Knockduffe^ Knookynalud Ballinegreeny — 
a marte land in Cowlenemare and Ardagh — the sixth part of a 
marte-lande called Ballyeine — a marte-lande in BalUrougban^ 
Tynecargy, KUlecoleoa and Siskenrath — a marte-lande in Balli- 
bracky KUratfaginney and Lasaluan — a marte-lande in Ballibane, 
Monemolinge and Tomeneyre, all being the lands of Thomas^ late 
duke of Norfolk, and of tbe lord Berkley ; each marte-lande being 
valued at five shillings and four pence by the year ; total fire 
pounds. — (Several grants in other counties.) To hold for ever, 
as of the castle of Dublin, in firee and common soccage, by fealty 
only, in consideration of his fiiithful service to Queen iSlizabetii.*— 
2Vih Aug. 2nd. 

Grant fi-om the king to Thomas earl of Ormonde. — Cariow 
County. Certain lands in the lordship of Foert otherwise Foert 
O'Nolany viz. — in the quarter of the said lordship called Sleight- 
Sheauy the third part of Kilbride, viz., twenty acres arable, six 
and a half pasture — the third part of Garrincoilcoil-wood,five^acres 
— the third part of Kilbrenie or Kilgrenye, six and a half acres 
arable, pasture and mountain, one acre wood — the third part of 
BallemoUn, containing six acres arable — the like of Ballybobell, 
CQntianing six acres arable — the like of Carrickenislane, contaimag 
three, and a half acres arable, and one and a half acre moor, and 
one stang of wood — the like of Kilnocke, containing twenty acres 
arable, and ten acres pasture ; thirty acres — the like of Balligilbert, 
containing seven acres arable; the thkd paHof Ballivendon, other- 

* An account of his service in tbe county of Garlow has been given. 


wise Qarriiilyiie) containing two acres arable — the like of Balle- 
killiey viz. six and a half acres— the like of Barragh, viz., one 
and half acre pastur^^ and one and a half acre wood ; three acres 
— ^in the quarter of the said lordship called Sleigbmorroghoi the 
third psurt of Ballynowric and KHlmorric, viz. thirteen acres arable ; 
the moiety of Grange-Snyddocke otherwise Graigneshiddock or 
Granges-peddocke, viz., four acres arable — the moiety of Grange- 
luge otherwise Graiglug, viz. one and a half acre wood — the 
thu'd part of Templered and Cloghmaghroninj viz., eleven and a 
half acres arable — the like of Ballemore otherwise Ballemoge, viz» 
three acres and a half arable — the like of Ballitrahin and Kil- 
brickan, viz, ten and a half arable, four acres pasture, and three 
acres wood ; seventeen and a half acres ; the like of Kilbea 
otherwise Kilkaa, viz., two acres arable, and one acre moor; 
five acres — the like of Killean, viz. three acres arable, and two 
moor ; the like of Ollard, viz. two acres arable, and one acre and 
a stang of wood ; the moiety of fCilinogles otherwise Kilnoghglesh^ 
five acres arable, two acres moor, and one acre wood, eight acres; 
the third part of Kilshegaroen, viz, two acres arable, and one and 
a half wood ; three and a half acres ; in the quarter of the said 
lordship called Slightcoyne, the town of Rathtoroth, viz. twenty 
acres arable ; the third part of Ballevaldeu and Balligodenan, viz. 
four acres arable ; the like of Radowgin, viz. three arable ; the 
like of Rathbrege and Rathragh, viz. four acres arable ; the like of 
Ballin, viz. five acres arable, and four acres mountain, nine acres ; 
the Uke oi Keppagh, viz. two acres arable, and one acre and a 
stang of wood ; the like of Mornex otherwise Morney, viz. two 
acres arable, and three stangs of wood ; the like of Ballelion, viz. 
two acres arable, one acre and a half wood, and two and a half 
acres mountain, six acres ; in the quarts of the said lordship called 
Publedrome, the third part of Ballefright, otherwise Ballefirish, 
and Balledonnogb, viz. four acres arable; the moiety of Balle- 
temple, viz. six acres arable ; the third part of Balleclaneboy other- 
wise KilliDclonboy, viz. two acres arable and one and a half wood, 
three and a half acres ; the moiety of Ballyenowe, viz. six acre« 
arable ; the like of Shraghsellie o^erwise Strmghishelle, viz. six 
acres araUe ; the like of Ballinhombin otherwise Ballihomitin, viz. 
six acres arable ; ia the quarter of the said lordship called Breek- 
lagh otiierwise Bresklagh, the moiety of BaUinb^e, viz. fifteen 
acrea arable ; the third part of Mogishell and Birragh, viz. two 
acres arable ; a stang of wood, and one acre and a half mountain ; 
the moiety of Ballinrwsb, viz. three acres arable^ and two of wood, 
five Bcres ; the third part of Rossecloie^ viz. two acres arable, and 
one acre and a half wood, three and a half acres; the moiety of 
Kilavy, and Shanga«^ie, viz^ six acres arable ; the like of Kiieere 
otherwise Killeor and Tyroline, viz. six acres arable ; the third part 
of Tontancaplc) viz. five aenres arable ; the like of Lisnecielce and 
Tecoline otherwise Teycolne, viz. four acres arable ; the like of 
Shian, viz* two aores araUe, 9xti one acre and a half of wood^ 
three acares and a half; the like of Cowldonnogh, Kittagh, Coilte* 


Henrie« and Ganin-parsin, and the towfi of Cowlwilliam M^Don- 
nogh otherwise M^Onogh^ and Boghan Oniell, otiierwise Dom)], 
viz.y six acres arable, and three acres pasture^ nine acres ; 
granted to him and his heirs male^ by patent dated ISth Sep- 
tember, (or December), in the 5th and 6th of Philip and -Mary, 
to hold by the i!Oth part of a knight's fee, and the rent of 
forty-nine pounds three shillings and nine pence Irish, which rent 
by patent, dated Sth March, 5th Blizabedi was remitted to the earl 
— (wiih other grants in different porta of the kingdom). To 
hold for ever, by the 20th part of a knight's fee, for all other rents, 
services, and demands whatever. — 26& November, 2nd. 

Grant from the king to Theobald Bourke, baron Burgh of 
Connell, otherwise Castleconnell. — Carlow County, Knockine, 
Balliclogh, and Inchenephooke, containing about four acres great 
measure; parcel of the estate of Moriertagh M^Cahir M^Arte 
Kavanagh of Knockine, attainted ; rent four shillings — {together 
with grants in other counties). To hold for ever, by fealty 
only, in free and common soccage. — 22nd March, 2nd. 

Grant from the king to Donatus, earl of Thomond. — The 
manor of Catherlogh or Catherlagh ; the old castle with four turrets 
on the east of the Barrow, with the precinct and buildings thereto 
belonging, excepted — the custom of a salmon yearly, out of every 
net used in taking salmon in the Barrow, running by the bounds 
of said castle — the demesne lands, within the site and circuit of 
said manor, viz. Queen's County, In Bamiglasse, besides the 
Barrow in the Queen's county, three acres great measure, each 
acre containing four small measure, twelve acres ; in Ardconran 
otherwise Arconeryan or Archonyrian, three and a half acres great 
measure ; in Rathmore, one and a half acres ; in Cammore, other- 
wise Coranmore or Carramore or Cranmore, Ferrancloghhetagh 
or Ferreneclogh, and Heyclogh, arable three acres ; in Moneshill 
or Monesnekille, arable two acres ; in Skemrath or Sheghnaragh 
or Shenrirath, and Rathvill or RathirlHe, arable three acres ; in 
Corranbegg, arable one acre, all great measure. — Carlow County. 
In Burlow, on this side the Barrow, arable three acres ; in Knock- 
anreogh otherwise Knockancroigh, arable two acres ; the earl's 
meadow, one and a half acre« all great measure ; a water mill 
there, ai\ of the demesne lands ; in Carlow twenty-two messuages, 
and arable eighty-four acres great measure, parcel of said manor, 
with thirty-one cottages there, which lands were lately held by 
Dermot M'Teige, Edward M^Rorie and others, with nine plows, 
paying yearly for each plow a carcase and a half of beef and se- 
venty-two gallons "lagena" of beer, and eighteen loaves** tortus" 
of bread ; also nineteen of the tenants of the said cottages paid a 
rent of one pound thirteen shillings and four pence, and the rest 
paid nothing 'but labour and customs — several yearly customs, viz., 
all the farmers and tenants of said messuages and cottages to 
render one sheep out of every flock exceeding seven in number, 
and one penny for every sheep under that number ; a hen at Christ-^ 
maa ; a dish of butter in May, and another in autumn, evexy 


dish containing' duree and a half parts of one gallon ** lagena" ; 
from every tenant keeping cows^ and from every cottager making 
hutt^y a dish of butter in May ; four gallons of ale out of every 
brewing by every dealer in beer ; for every cow killed within the 
town for sale, thehidey or in lieu thereof fourteen pence, and for 
a smaller cow's hide six or eight pence ; in all works made within 
the castle, the inhabitants of Carlow to find six workmen or la- 
bourers daily, during the said work, at their own expense ; also 
each tenant and cottager to weed the demesne com yeiuiy for three 
dsLj9, and a woman out of every house in Carlow to bind the 
sheaves for one day ; each tenant and cottager to cut wood for the 
use of the castle for three days in summer, and each of them ha- 
ving a draught horse to draw the wood to the castle for three days ; 
also to draw the com out of the fields to the area of the said 
castle for three days ; to give one cart-load of wood, and one 
truss of straw at Christmas and Easter ; and each cottager one 
truss of rushes at the said feasts; the said tenants to plough with 
dieir said nine ploughs in the said demesne lands, viz., for the 
sowing of wheat three days, and of oats three days, and to carry 
tike sheaves of com in their waggons for sale at the yearly fairs in 
Carlow, viz., on the feast of the Assumption of the B^ V. Mary ; 
which profits are collected as follows ; out of every shop and booth, 
fimr pence, for every horse sold two pence, for every cow sold 
one penny, for every horse load of goods set upon the ground, one 
penny, for every whole piece of woollen cloth sold one penny, for 
every lesser piece one halfpenny, for every sack of salt one penny ; 
also the following customs in the name of herriot, collected in 
Callow, viz., after the death of every tenant and cottager inhabiting 
within the said town, the lord shall have the second best beast, 
and if there be but one living animal the same to be appraised by 
the neighbours, and the lord to have the third part of the price, 
and if no animal, then his other goods to be appraised, and the 
lord to have six shillings and eight pence if they amount to twenty 
shillings, but if less, nothing — in Martelston, three acres; in 
Dowganston, four cottages and four acres arable ; in Ballinragh'or 
Ballinrath, five acres arable ; in Abate or Athroe, four acres 
arable ; in Killienmore, Killynowre or Killemore one acre ; eight 
messuages, four cottages and twenty-sijt acres arable, psteture, bog 
and wood in Carlow county, all great measure, with certain cus- 
toms from the tenants of the manor there, viz., every messuage 
and cottage to find a horse to draw wood and com, as before, to 
the castle of Carlow, for one day each ; and every tenant and cot- 
tager to weed and reap for one day, and a woman out of every 
two houses to bind com for one day ; the inhabitants of Kellies- 
ton, Dowganston, Painston, Johnston, and Pollardston, (except 
the free tenants), having ploughs and carts, to plough the demesne 
lands for one day in wheat and oat sowing; and every house having 
a draught horse, to draw wood and corn to the castle of Carlow 
for one day, as before, and all others customs and services 
accruing out of the lands of Johnston, Unythlin, Ballikethlan, 


Killerick or Killcricket, and Ballihewitt or BaUihead, Frompaton 
or Frompektoiiy and in Cariomr countyy Killerick, Knookane, P<^- 
lardBtoUf Kingrton or Caslanreddery, the baronies of Tillagh or 
Tully^ Donleck or Dowlekeney, in Idrone and Obeigie, Glaa- 
Castl^ Ballilonan, Killesa or Killehawe odierwise Rilloseaoy Gvut* 
ttnewacan, Ardnebeuf , PunsUniy DowganstoOy Typeryntfaio or 
Typeratheo or|Typynthokergiey Okei^ey, Artliebeetony Ardenhealiii 
Ardnekethy or Alierd, Kilborgh, m* Kilbrotb, KenUe in Frotkecedy 
BaUymorkiUy or Ballivorgil], BallMcanden, and certain lands op* 
poeite to the caHtie of Carlow ; all the porquisites of lihfi numor 
oourtB) liberty to bold courts leet within the said manor, and eer- 
tain lands and tenements at Fothrie otherwise Fohertiiricy Forthred, 
or Forthre, in Elavanagh's country, among the Irish ; parcel <^ 
said manor ; demised 31st October, dOth Elizabeth, to Robert and 
William Harpoole for twenty-one years, at twenty-three pounda 
tiiree shillingB and one penny Irish, and in reversion, 17th Augnsty 
4l8t Elizabeth, to Sir Robert Napper, knt., for forty years, at the 
same rent — (wttA grants in other counties). To hold iat ever 
in fee simple, as of the castle of Dublin, by fealty only^ for all 
other rents and demands whateyer. — 30tii July 2nd. — Noie^-^ 
This grant was made as part of one hundred pounds a year, of 
crown lands in fee simple, in consideration of his surrender to Hie 
crown, made 14th July, 1604,'of lands, castles, &c., in the countiea 
of Limerick and Tipperary. 

Grant of the office of constable of Carlow castle, to Donogh^ 
earl of Thomond, and Brian O'Brien bis son. — 30th July, 2nd. 

Presentation of Thadeus Curren otherwise Tankard, clerk, to 
Balliline vicarage, Leighlin diocese, vacant by the death of Mau* 
rice or Murtagh Cavanagh, and in the kings gift of full right — 
30th July, 2nd. 

Grant from tiie king to Sir Garret Moore of Mellefount, Louth . 
county, knt., pnvy counsellor. — Leigklin diocese.^^kxh\%\x^^ 
Ruskogh, Templemoric, and RaAcough ; rent sixteen shillings and 
eight pence Irish ; demised 28th December, 22nd Elizabeth, tft 
Sir Edward Moore, for forty-one years, at a rent of sixteen nhil-* 
lings and eight pence Irish, after a g^ant to Sir William Brabazoa, 
knight, for twenty-one years from Eiaster 1558 — (toith grands in. 
other counties and dioceses}. To hold for sixty years afler iHm 
expiration of his former leases respectively ; to pay all synodab, 
proxies and stipends of curates; to ke^ up all chancels, castlea, 
houses, cottages, fences and .ditches'**-23rd April, 3^d. 

Grant of l£e office of Clerk of the Peace and of the Crown, la 
Cariow, Kildare, King's and Queen's counties, to Elusebisis 
Andrews, gent. — 4th June, 3rd. 

Grant of the office of Lieutenant of Ci^^ow coanty, to Theobald^ 
k>rd Butler, viscount of Tullie*—- 18th June, drd. 

Grant from the kie^ to George Totchett, knt, lord Awdeley — 
Cariow County. The site, &c. of the casde called Blackcasde^ 

• TMlipw:. 


wMttB tlie pndnct of ^ fritiy of Lasghliii-bridge ; rent tMrtem 
riuilings aad finir ptDC8 ; tlie aite» dbc. of l&e Iftle monasteiy or 
Curmdk» fiaary of LangUin-bridge, with aM its itUMSuflg^B^ colf- 
tagesy lands^ cBstOBUy and hereditBmeatBy spiritual and tenoipoFal^ 
rait two poands eigfat shillings and eight ponce Iiieh, pai'oel of the 
«Btata of i^erce, earl of Ormonde, grandfiiiker of Thomas, to^ 
md <»f Onnonde, who suirsndered tibe same to the 6i'own*-(id/jl 
grmmi9 in othar oounU99). To hold for ever^ in conimoii soc- 
ci^[e--20th Jidy, drd. 

: Gfant fiom the kii^ to James Haaiiton, Esq. Car low Counif. 
in or near 4iie town of Laughlin, a water mill and thirty-ohe 
tenements ; parcel of the estate of Pierce, late earl of Onnonde ; 
not fire poinds one rinlling and five pence fiirddng ; a castle end 
frflDarl*laQde9 otherwise a plough land, in Clcmmiidlin, Kiitranisfa> 
and Tavickeshonickey parc^ of the estate of the late duke of Norl 
Mk and tiie earl of Shrewsbury ; rent nineshiUings ; {wiXh gntnis 
in other ctnmHes). To hold in fee farm, as assignee to Thomas 
Ireland <^ London, merchant, as of the castle of Dublin, by fealty 
ddy, and in common soccage. — I4th February, drd. 

Livny of Smin to Nicholas BagnoUi son and heir of Dudley 
Bagnoll, late of Idrone in Cariow county Esq. deceased, for a 
fine of six pounds steriing. — MHi November, drd. 

The king^s letter to promote Thomas Rame, dean of Cork, to 
the bishopric of Leighlin and Ferns, vacant by the death of Nicho* 
las iMafford, permitting him to retain the parsonage of St. Mary's 
in Wexfoid, the deanery of Ferns, the chantorship of Christ 
Clinrch, and Balroth^y vicarage, in conmiendam. — 6di Feb. 2nd, 

Lstlecs patent for the consecration of same. — 25th' April, drd. 

Lettas patent for tiie restitution of temporalities td 8ame.«^25th 
April}, drd. 

Qmaerd. pardon to Brene M^Donogh Kavanagh of Ballen* 
loghan in Cariow county, Esq., Morrogh McDonnell Kavanagh bf 
Carlead, Donnogh M'Brien O'Bime oi Old Laughlin, Do^inge 
M'Moi^igii O'l^me of Balliteigleigh, Morragh M'Morrice Ka- 
vanagh of Rathvilla, Philip M'Hugh O'Kena of tiie same, Donell 
Ower M'Sbwe O'Bime of Ballenfoghan, Richard Folan of the 
same, Brene O'Bolger of Rathbindine, Brene M^Donell Kava^ 
M^ of Carglead, Edmond M^Tirlagh Kav»ii^h of Raherin, 
Mortagh M'Tylagh Kavanagh of the saine, Peirs M^Melaughlin 
O'Rian of BaUengarie, Eidward M^Gilpatrick O'Dowran, Mor- 
rice M'Gerrald Kavanagh of Ballelin, Thomas Butler of Clone* 
mere, Owen M'tirlagh O'Bime of Balli-Rianj Morragh Roe of 
GloffoiMdw, Feige M^Morrice O' Doyle of Kndckroa^ Morrice 
M^Teige O'Doyle, Cilpatricke More O'Doyle of Knockroa, 
Walter Bntier of Knoekin, Foris M'Cavell of Killgrene. Edward 
M^Tiriagh O'Bime of Binecherie, Thaddeus Dovriinge of Old 
LavriiliD, Morragh M'Morta^ Kavanagh of Ballilia, Thaddeus 
O'Rian of BaUiclera, UUck Wale M'WiUiam of Urchlin, Teige 
M^Shane O'Nowlan of Boeiduffe, Art M'Caher Kavanagh of 
Balleshane-Parragh, Qermld M'Brene .Kavanagh of Kill,etferlie, 

iS4 StflfOST AfTD AmiQUmiM 

JUdmnd M^Mortagb^O'Riaii of Befliagarie, DoaeU KaTuasli 
4rtherwi8e S^paoiagh of Qonnalliii, Caher Kavanagh of tbe aaine^ 
.Chri£Foii Karanag^ of Kilbreaiiiea, Ellenor KavwDagli of Cloo- 
nuBki, Hugh M'Doaell of Polmonte^ Brian M'Edmond O'DoneM 
of Kilkeni, Dan. Folam of Baimoghan, DoneU Olas M'Tiag* 
Owre of Rathirke^ Bran M'Owen O'Brian of the Ceakraiiy DanA 
M'Donogli O'Rianof Baimien, Waiter O'BolgerofBaUilionidkjr, 
Cahir M'Edward Kavanagh of the BuneS) Brian M'Tirkgh, pipeiv 
of Ballipiersy James M^illiam Butler of Gkyrtamore, Fardonigh 
M'Williani O'Maoeagfaee otherwise Doneli 0*Maocaghee or 
O'Managhes of the Bournes, all in Carlow couBty,*— ^ De- 
ceniber, drd.* 

Grant from the king to Theobald lofdviseonnft Bntler of Tdkov 
phelim, of the kndsy &c. granted to the earl of QiBMmde and 
Ossory, Ist December, let James L — I3th September, 4th. 

iiyery of seisin and pardon of intrusion to Robert Sentieger, 
eon and heir of Thomas Sentleger, late of Doughaneston in Car* 
kw county, gent, deceased, without fine. — 11 th July, 4ih. 

Grant from tbe king to Theobald viscount Butler of TuUeophe* 
ha^^Carlow County. The castle, towns, and lands of Clogh- 
grenan and Garrimore, and half a marle-knd of the country maa* 
sure; Clodagh, half roarte-land, Ballnarofly or BaUintrcdly, and 
Rathynydorane, containing half marte-land ; Ballinebranagh, Bal- 
Ugowne, and Coranloskie, two marte-lands ; TuUaghcroyne and 
Tomard, half marte-land ; Rathooran and Curraghfyan, one marte- 
land ; Rathvinden, Cowlenekiske, aad Lauglea, one marte-land ; 
Cloughroaske and Ballikavale, half marte-land ; Cloughcristicke^ 
one marte-land; the moiety of Mortelston, quarter marte-land; 
Lehin, half marte-land ; Castlegrace, the ' same ; Ardistin and 
Clognemony, one marte-land ; Castlemore, three fourths marte- 
lanoU— The moiety of Tomdarragh and Cloughwouny, quarter 
mjarte-land; Newston, seven acres country measure; Killnride, 
Kilkele, and Killgreny, half marte-land; Ballinvury and Killi* 
nurry, quarter marte-land ; Kappagh, twelfth marte-land; Bow- 
linekrehe, two acres counW measure ; all the lands that belonged 
to certain persons called Owendoghes in .Bailinesragh. Boledo- 
nogho, and Kilballinoe, and every where in Pobble£ome ; rent 
for all the aforesaid premises, four pounds nine shillings and four 
pence Irish. — Ballivare, Clonemulske, Carrickebroughan, other- 
wise Garriehondon, (Chappelston) and Powerston, viz. a ruinous 
castle, a messuage, six cottages, sixty-seven acres arable, three 
acres under wood, forty-two acres pasture and bog in BaJlivare; 
a casQe, four cottages,, sixty-two acres arable, and forty-four pas- 
ture, in Clonemulskye ; six cottages, thirty-eight acres arable, and 
twenty- three pasture,.in Carrickebroughan otherwise Garriehondon; 
a castle, six cottages, one hundred and twenty-two acres arable and 
thirty-eight acres pasture, in Chappeleston ; sixty-six acres pasture 
t ... 

* Them are many other deeds ol <v general pardon" to various perwma ; 
hut their huertipn vould oecupy too pueh qpaoe. 


ift PoMMtdiiy and Ae enstoms ^f die tenants of Balfivai^, ittid 
j&e albfefiud towns — (wiih grants in other counties). To hold 
for ever^ by several tonuresy yis.^ tlie lands in Cariow county, 
except tbose kereafter specified^ as of the castle of DuMin, by die 
twentieth part of a knight's fee, aad itot in capita; BalllTare, 
CloiieiBiilskey Carrickebroi^an or Garrihondony Chapp^ltony and 
P o w e re ton , in Caiiow eovaty, and others by the fortieth part of a 
knight's fee ; for the fine of six pounds thirteen shUUngs and fitfa 
pettoe Irish. — 20th Decerabery 1607. 

Power of Attorney from Hairy Davefis* of Laughlenbridge in 
Cariow coanty, Esq., to Richard Barry of Dabttn city, merchant, 
to make a-«un«oder of the rectories of Banuieoughy &c., in die 
com^ of Kilkenny.— 24th May, 6th. 

Preeeatalion of James Waddinge to Barragfay Ballielin, aad 
Kiltenaille vicarages, Leighlin diocese, vacant and in die king's 
gift of foil right, and united, for diis turn only, on account of die 
amallness of their iiicomes.-~-10di May, 6th. 

QruBt to Sir Adam Loftus, knight, of a daily pension of nine 

I shillings English for life, being the amount of a daily pension of 

J three filings surrendered by Gerald M'Mortagh Kavanagh of 

^^ Ballintraine, in Cariow county, gent., and another of six shiHingfe 

eurr^deredby Thomas Perrott, gent. — ^25th June, 6di, 

General pardon to Edmond M'Prien Kavanagh of Tenerana^ 
gent, Richard Fitz-Patricke of Clonmollen, gent., Teigeboy 
M'Deinttodof Kurtodlan, yeoman, Neale M'Arte of Clonegall, 
yeoman, James M^Teige O'Oowell of Knockroe, yeoman, Moi^ 
logh O'Rian of ClonmuUen, Gerald M'Cahirre Kavanagh of 
QoiMiii^eo, gent, James O'Rian of Cureynylan^ all in Gariow 
county — (with others).-^!^! March, 6di. 

Gfimt from die king to Gerald earl of Kildare. — Cariow County, 
hk Kinnagh, forty acres arable, twenty acres pasture, and half a 
wood contatnii^ one and a half acre, in Tonmegroghe, the moiety 
of forty acres arable, and twenty acres pasture : being the lands 
of Donogh Moynagh Kavant^h, attainted ; rent two pounds edx 
shillings and ei^t pence Irish ; an old castle, six messuages, two 
handred and forty acres arable, twenty acres pastore, twenty aerei 
wood, and the mcHety of the seventh part of a water miU in Gark- 
hill, wad a castle, six messuages, and one hundred and twenty 
acres arable, ton acres pastore, and ten acres wood in Ballioaslane ; 
being th# lands of Gerald M'Cahir, late of Garkhill, attainted $ 
rent five pounds ; the moiety of Do^i^anstown, containing- nine 
luares ooonty measure ; excq>t four acres late demised to Sir An« 
diony St Lsger, for a term of years ; parcel of the estoto of die 
lato earl of Marche ; rent ten shillings — (with grants in ^ther 
counties). To h(dd for ever, as of the casde of Dublin, in- com- 
mon soccage, in lieu of such pensions as he enjoyed^ from the 
crown, and in consideration of his services.— ^Ist May, 1609. 
Pai^on of alienation to Thomas Butier, knight of the order of 

f Probably ion of Captafai Henry DaveUsi alrsady mentioned* 


tiM9 gwicsr> dail of Ormonde and OMory, viseoant ThorlM, as 
io Ite kUXoynag UrndB^^Cariow County. RaiiiviUy, Ttil)i^|lN»- 
phetim, Clonmorey* .GnifiiB^ Kilasny, Powerston and Fortonsland. 
-p WichUno late Cariow Cauniy. The manor of Arcloe.— -(t^tM 
ss^eral othpr$). — SlstMay, 7tib. 

, Qrant from the king to Theobald^ viscount Butler of Tullyophe^ 
lm.-^Carlow County. lioence to hold for ever a Saturday 
murker and two fairs on the vigils and * feasts of St. Peter the 
apostle and St. Luke^ at Tul]yophelime;t*^^ December, 7th. 

Grant from the king to Donogfa, earl x>f Thomond. — Carlow 
County, The manor of Cariow, and aU the lands granted by 
patettty dated dOth July, 2nd James I. (With grants in other 
counties). To hold to him and his heirs for ever, except where 
ptiierwise mentioned, as of the castle of Dublin, by fealty, in 
common soccage, for a fine of thirty pounds Irish, and in virtue of 
<the commission for remedy of defective titles. — 8tli March, ?th 

King's letter to receive surrenders from Thomas earl of Or- 
•monde and Ossory, high treasurer of Ireland, and from Theobald, 
iprd viacount Buuerof TuUeophelim, and their feoffees — <^ die 
oastle of Kilkenny, and the lordships of Arcloe and TuUeophelim, 
And aU other of tiieir and either of their temporal and spiritual pos« 
sessions ; and to make a grant under the great seal to them <h* either 
of tbem^ of the said premises, for ever.-«--3rd April, 8th. 

King^s letter for a grant to Captain Dennyes Dale, of a yearly 
.pension of thirty pounds, a ward of six men, with eight pence 
4ai)y for each, adso two shillings and eight pence daily for himself, 
as constable of a fort, built by him on the confines of Wicklow, 
Wexford and Carlow counties ; also twenty pounds towards tte 
building of the said fort, — 19th April, 8th. 
• Deed, dated 1st June, 1610, whereby George, lord Audley, 
in consideration of an annuity or rent charge of five hundred pounds 
-Bnglish for life, assigned to Sir Maurice Tutehet, knight, his son 
end h«r apparent, his whole estate in Ireland, to hold to him, his 
Jii^s and assigns for ever ; together with all his stock of cattle 
«nd com, and all o&er goods and chatties in Ireland ; reservii^ 
to his loxdship all his utensils and household stuff, a coach, and all 
liamess or furniture for horses, muskets, callivers, powder, arms, 
and other ammunition, a brown bay horse, lately bought by him 
of Sir James Marving, knight, two colts, lately brought out df 
^ngbmd, a hunting gelding, a pyed mare, bought of Henry 
Gynes, and a black gelding, with certain cattle lately bought of 
Gdward Blount, Esq. Sir Marving paying also to Sir Ferdinando 
.Tutehet, knight, second son of the said lord Audley, an annuity of 
one liundred marks English, in the Middle Temple Hall, London, 
and after Ins lordship's death, to convey and make over to the said 
Sir Ferdinando, his heirs and assigns, land in England or Ireland, to 
the clear yearly value of one hundred pounds sterling. 

* Further particulars regai-ding the disposal of the great Cionmore eststt 
will be found in the next reign: 
t TuUow. 


Grant from the king to Jenico Preston, vi€count Qonnanston, 
Sir Clurifltopfaer Plimkety Knt.; Tliooias Aylmer, Pat. Bamevall, 
Esq.^ and Christopher Barqewall, Gent^ Carhw Couht^. One 
castle and three houses in Frerton ; in Coart-KUlai^n otherwise 
Killei^* two mesmagesy nine acres arable, and Eve acres pastui^ 
and underwood, of the great country .meagre ; in Frereton and 
Ruseelston, fifteen acres of &e like measure; in Tullagfaphel), one 
acre of the like measure, containing sixteen acres of the shhJ} 
measure ; half the town of Mygaune or Myganue, containing 
seven and a half aeres of the great measure ; the rectory of KiU- 
argye otherwise Killerge, which extends in the towns of Killergi^, 
'Rosselston, Bossenton, Ardinheath, and Ballymakione otherwise 
Ballinrahine, with all the tithes, &c., thereto belonging ; all which 
premises were the estate of the late preceptory of Killarge, and 
were parcel of the possessions of the hospital of St. John of Jeru- 
salem; rent two pounds six ahillings and nine pence, In (JVitk 
grants in other counties.) To hold in capite, by the twentieth 
part of a knight's fee for a fine of twelve pounds Ir. 24th Ji^ly, 9tk 

General pardon for Thomas, bishop of Leighlin and Ferns. 
20th January, 9th. 

Grant firom the king to Christopher Chivers, £^. Carlotp 
county. The manor, mansion house, castle, and lands of Grannge- 
forth, and thirty-six acres ; (tie tithes of the said manor, issuing 
out of Littleton, Baliygorie, Glenocke, Rathveon, otherwise 
Ravrehon and Clinclogh. (JVUh grants in other counties.) To 
hold the lands in Meath county as of the castle of Dublin, in 
common soccage, mid all the rest in capite, by the twentieth part 
of a knight's fee, and for a fine of ten pounds Ir. 10th Oct. iltii. 

Grant firom the king to Dowlin M'Brien Kavanagh of Toome* 
cnrry, and Dovriin M'Morongh Kavanagh of BaU^obbin, gent 
Carlow County, Ballilene, Forraghbegg, Balligillegao, hfdf of 
Behamagh-wood, and the sixth part of Timoling otherwise St» 
Moling, containmghalf marte-land ; Ballivickvalaka and Ballihegan* 
containing the third of marte-land — Ballycruneganeoaslane, hatf 
marte-land — two third parts of Ballickuack«Toropane and Glanne*- 
corry, and a sixth part of Timoling otherwise St Moling, one 
third marte-land ; except all lands, advowsons of churches, &C., 
formeriy granted to John de Bellomonte by patent, dated 28tb April, 
i8ih Richard II. — (wiih grants iu other counties.) To hold for 
ever, as of the castie of Dublin, in common soccage, and for a 
fine of twenty pounds. 2 let December, 9th. 

Grant fi^m the king to William Brounckar, Esq. — Carlow 
County. One quarter of the town of Castlemore, containing six 
acres, great country measure, each ccmtaining fifteen acfes of the 
small measure ; parcel of the estate of the late monastery of 
Thomas-conrt ; rent, sixteen shillings and dght-pence. {With 
grants in other counties). To hold for ever, as of tibe oaatle of 
Dublin, in common soccage. 20th July, 9th. 

f These formerly belonged to the knights Hospitalers* 


Grant from tbe king to Nicholas Netterville of Dowth in Meatb 
county, Esq. Carlow County, 'In Sjrmolin bar. Tinehinchd 
and Toneran otherwise Cowlan -island, I came. Ballyhenrie, six 
marte-lands ; rent, eight pounds ten shillings, (with grants in other 
counties.) To hold for ever, in common soccage, for a fine of fifty 
pounds Ir. 16tfa Dec. 9th. 

King's letter for the plantation of Cariow, Wexford and Wick* 
low counties. 7th May, 9th. 

Grant from the king to George Bagnall of Ballymone, Esq. 
Carlow County. The entire barony of Odrone otherwise Idrone, 
and all l^e hereditaments called or known by the name of Idrone;'*' 
the manor, castle, town, and lands of Ballymone ; the town and 
lands of Ballymone, containing by estimation one martland ; Bally- 
lowe, Old-town, Barduffue or BordufPue, a half martland each ; 
Castlebury or Castlebuy and Donlickney or Donlackney, one and 
a half martland; Sleaduffe, Killcrutt, Rath, Ballyfollan, and 
Knockballynerahine, two martiands and one sixth martland, com- 
monly called a '' solidum" (shilling) of land ; Agha, one martland; 
Rathwheate, two-thirds martland ; Kilknock, one martlancl ; Or- 
chard, one half martland ; Killcarrigg, one and a half martland ; 
'Ballyfoyninge or Ballyfynninge, two solid, or two-sixth parts of a 
martland ; KiUinolappoge, half martland ; Ballikillen, one mart- 
land ; Ballytarsna, one martland ; Teghanrelan, one solid. Bally- 
naltcfr, Rathellin, one martland ; Ballywilliamore or Bally williamroe, 
' one solid. Parkvespane, half martland ; Seskinryan otherwise 
Seskyn, containing eighteen pence of land or three-twelfi:hs of a 
martland ; Ballinesillioge, the same ; Ballinecarrige, four solid.' 
Ballycarroge, half martland ; Kelloge, one solid. Ballystapleoake, 
two solid. Ballyshane. In Clonen, half martland ; in Ballyr^gh 
or Ballinrighe, four solid. In Ballycormocke, one martland ; in 
Cloghwaiter, the same ; in Ballyclantomacke, five solid. In Kil- 
calatrim, five martlands ; in Uttermosk-Seskin or Uppermost- 
Seskin de Downcroe, in CloghcantweU, seven groaf s land, or 
seven-eighteenth parte of a martland Corremore ; in Killoghternani 
one martland; Oldbegge or Olebegge, Clonelevett, Bowleria, 
Cowlanacappoge, Ballygowne, Clonagostle, Garmonagh, Knock- 
squore, two solid. Knockbower, Killedmond, Rahindarragh, Bal- 
linvallac, Bowlieenllen, Kiltenell, Golegglowne, Knockroe^ Bal* 
bobromell or Ballibroraell, Kilconer or Kilconnor, Ballirian, Rilrye 
andCorbegge, Killin-Earle, Downcore, half mardand, Kilcomeney, 
two solid. Kilshandone, the same. Omey, one marfland ; Rath* 
t&dea or Rathesilen, Balliteige, Kildrinagh, half martland ; Lom- 
clone, one martland ; Clantomen's land, one martland ; Ballento- 
mane» Fennough and Killvidine or Killmaclyne, five solid. Bally- 

* We have traced the descent of this barony through its difierent owners 
down to the last Sir Peter Carew, who, as already stated, was killed in IfiBO. 
We should then have supposed, that his brother George would inherit the 
property ; but if he was the Sir George Carew, who held the office of prendent 
of Muaster, he was well provided for m England ; in consideration of which h« 
perhaps relinquished his Irish property. This, however, is mere cooyecture. 


kg^in, BaDyreao, half maiHaiid each ; ail the maaon, castles^ 
lands and hereditaments whatever within the means or precinct of 
the barony of Idrone^ specified in a certificate, made at Leighlin- 
bridge, drd October, 14th £jlizabeth, and returned into chancery, 
called or known by the sereral names of Fennough otherwise Fyn- 
naghorFynnaghty, Momheggef Bohermore, Knockmullen, Rath- 
dudf) Newtown, Ballinemeur, BaUiderrinne, BaUihobogge, Tar- 
tanowle, Balliknockan, Ballibegge, BaUitomen, Cowlenesopp, 
Canrigbegge, Balliloe, Rathphillibin, Sereatrim, Glanhery, Farren- 
laghan, Kenc^, Knockenecrogh, Crannagh, Carrigbracke, Ros* 
dilge, Moyvalla, Rahinquoile, Toamduffe, Banogebegge, Kiiyearie, 
Kilgarran, Achavick, Ballyduey, BaUinegran, Knockn^ondon, 
KiOedame, KiUgreanie, BaUinatten, Rahanna, Ballinlinckard, and 
Raherkan. — Rent free ; except the royal composition, and rising^ 
oat. — ^To hold two fairs annuajly . at Knockmullin, one on St. Bar- 
iholemew's day, and the other on the feast day of St. Qeorge the 
martyr and the day after each, unless when the said feast days or 
other of them &11 on Saturday or Sunday, then the said fairs res- 
pectively to commence on the following Monday ; also two fairs at 
Orchard, viz. the one on the Tuesday and Wednesday before the 
feast of Pentecost, and the other on the feast of St. Mathew and 
the day after« unless when the said feast day falls on Saturday or 
Sunday, then the said fair to commence on tiie following Monday ; 
with courts of pie-powder, and the usual toll8.-»Rent one pound six 
shillings and eight pence ; courts leet and baron, waifs, strays, 
&c.-— To hold for ever, as of the castie of Dublin, in common 
soccage. — 11th June, 1 0th. 

Grant fi*om the king to Sir Nicholas White, knight. — Late Car- 
low now Wicklow county. The rectory of Baltinglass, the 
Grange, Killmurre, Hiltonstown, Sclerath, Newgrange, Cargen, 
Tenawrin, Rathenne, Redetown, Rathbran, Hockestou, Grange 
with Griffinston cuid Borranston. — Carlow county, Chappels- 
ton and Clonagh in Idrone, Ladyton near Rathville and Great- 
castie — (with grants in other counties) — 8th April, 10th. 

Lease firom the king to John Eustace, gent. — Carlow^ Ktldare 
and Wexford counties. The tithes of the rectory, church, or 
chapel of Donnahannock and Ballaghmone ; the tithes of the rec- 
tifies of Strabo, or Srughboe, Ratibmore, and Moyacon ; parcel 
of the estate of Thomas-court ; rent, twenty-one pounds sixteen 
shillings and eight pence ; sixty-five pecks of port com out of all 
these rectories, at the purification in Carlow, to be allowed two 
shillings per peck — {with grants in other counties), — ^28th 
October, 10th. 

King's letter for a surrender and re-grant of lands to George 
Bagnall of Ballymone in Idrone barony and Carlow county Esq. 
— 6th May, 8th. 

King's letter to call to the house of lords, by writ, lord Audley, 
and othe];^. — 3 1st March, 11th. 

Surrender by George Bagenall of Ballymone in Carlow county. 


of lands ia ike aame comity— 7lii June^ VOQi—lMe. ThsM 
landB were r^fra&ted to hiniy 11th June, 10th. 

Charter of Carlow.*-— 19th April, 11^ year of James I. 

Grant from the king to alderroan Nicholas Weston <^ Dublm.—* 
Carlow county. Half of Dowganeton, containing nine acres 
great measure ; except four cottages, and four acres of like measure^ 
demised to Sir Anthony St Leger, knight, and afterwards granted 
in fee to Donogh^earl of Thomond ; parcel of the estate of tiie 
earl of March ; rent, one pound< — (wt'th granU in other count" 
ios)* To hold for ever, as of the castle of Dublin, in ccHnBHia 
Boccage,-*-? th January, 1 1 th . 

Grant from the king to Bdward Southworth, gent.--*Ctfr&M^ 
County. The parcel or precinct called the martland of Rathnege- 
ragh, with its hamlets of Rathnegeragh, Knockenarraen, Ra- 
henlagh, Dromeown, Dromefoy, Knocktompene, and Ballimo- 
rough ; the marte land of Carranrany, with its hamlets of Car- 
ranrany, Ballimertin, Kilughteman, and Ballihave ; the marte- land 
of Lowrein, with its hamlets of Lowren, Balligennill, and Barroge* 
be^a; the marte-iand of Mohill, with its hamlets of Mohill, Kil- 
balli^hkie, Balliverran, Cargin, and half of Templepedder ; the 
marte-land of Shian, with its hamlets of Shian, Knocktian, Ross- 
lie, Cloanfeart, Closgany, half of Kilmaglise, Bolyreay, and 
Owlardmore ; the marte-land of Lavienesway, with its hamlets of 
'Lavieneswey, Ballinekilly, Knockulard, Gurtingravogy, and Clo- 
neg^ass ; the half marte-land of Ballintample, with its hamlets vis. 
two-third parts of each of the denominations following, BaUintam- 
pie, Ballinowe, Ballineshragh, Ballyouoge, Ballidonogh, Bally* 
hemlin, CoUomormore, Collomorebegg, Kilenclonboly, Rah^iy, 
Ravarrin, Aghcon, Ardattin, and Shraghkilly, lately in the occu* 
pation of Gerald M'Murtagh Kavanagh, gent , rent, four pounds 
six shillings and eight pence* — In Garrinfine otherwise Flax- 
garden, eight acres ; in UUjevogh, eight acres ; in Knockgrout, 
fifteen acres ; in Turtane, eight acres ; in Kilbreckan, twenty>five 
acres; rent, five shiUings — (taitk grants in other countieg), 
T</ hold for ever, as of the castle of Dublin, in common soc- 
cage. — 26th January, 1 1th. 

Deed, dated 4th October, 1612, whereby Christopher Payton, 
Esq. demised to Francis Blundell, Esq. — Carlow County. The 
town, village, or hamlet of Castlemore — (with other property.) 

Grant from the king to Sir Charles Wilmott, knight. — Carlow 
County, The castle and bawn of Carlow, with the site thereof 
and the building therdn ; value, six shillings and eight pence.— 
The castle, town, and lands of Chappelstown, containing six cot- 
tages, one hundred and twenty two acres arable, and thirty-eight 
acres pasture, with the customs of the tenants ; Ballibare, con* 
taining a ruinous castle, a house, six cottages, sixty- seven acres 
arable, three acres underwood, and forty-two acres pcusture and 
bog ; Clomulskie, containing a cattle, four cottages, sixty- two acres 

* For this document, in full, see « few pages forward. 

OP T^B countV op carlow. ?131 

arable, and fiM-ty-four acres pasture ; Carrickbroghan^ contaitxing sbc 
cottages, eighty- three acres arable, and twenty -three pasture; 
Powerstone, containing sixty- six acres pasture ; tlie customs ofsaid 
towns ; all parcel of the estates of the abbey of Baltinglass. 

King*s letter to accept a surrender from Donell Kavanagh 
otherwise Spaniagh, of a daily pension of ten shillings ; and to 
grant the same pension to Sir Roger Jones, knight, during . life««— 
8th August, 13th. 

Surrender by Donell Kavanagh, otherwise Spaniagh, of Clon* 
mulUn in Carlow county, Esq. of a daily pension of ten shillings 
English.— 5th November, 13th. 

Pardon of intrusion and alienation for Christopher Cheivers and 
his feoffees, for a fine of eighty pounds. — 23rd November, I3th. 

Grant to George Tutchet, lord Audlay of Heleighcaetle in Staf<^ 
ford county, and his heirs male, of the title and dignity of baron 
of Audelay of Orier in Armagh county, and earl of Castldiaven 
in Cork county, with an annual fee of twenty pounds sterling to 
him and his heirs male, in consideration of his military services in 
the Netherlands, France, and Ireland, and more particulariy at 
the siege of Kinsale, where he was severely wounded. — 6th Sep« 
tember, 14tb. 

Kill's letter to restore to Thomas, earl of Oiinond and Ossory, 
any lands which may have been wrongfiilly granted to others to his 
prejudice ; also, to protect the rights of his wife, dame Ellen, and 
of his daughter, the lady Elizabeth ; also, to receive a surrender 
and make him a re-grant of the castle and manors of Kilkenny 
and Gowran, the lordships of TuUeophelim and of Arklow, and 
the manor of Carrickmagriffen, with rights and privileges which 
are specified, to hold to Uie earl for life, and after him, to his 
nephew. Sir Walter Butler, and his heirs male for ever, who is 
heir to the earl in consequence of the death of the viscount 
Butler.— 29th June, 1 2th. 

Grant fi*ora the king to Sir John Davys, knight, attorney 
general.* — Car law county. The castle, town, and lands of 
Cloghna, Rathaskert, Ballibrien, and Ballyvannen, with their 
hamlets, containing twenty- seven acres country measure ; rent, 
thirteen shillings and four pence — (wUk gran is in other counties) » 
To hold for ever, as of the castle of Dublin, in common soccage. 
—27th February, 14th. 

Grant from the king to Sir Arthur Savage, knight, privy coun- 
9ellor. — Carlow county » In Carigneslane, seven acres ; in Bal- 
lienmoge or Ballimoyoge, and Boggan, twelve acres ; in Bedlien- 
valley and Lanaghteige, twelve acres ; rent, ten shillings Irish ; 
in Ballellin, thirteen acres ; in Cloghmony, two and a half acres ; 
in Tomdarragh, two and a half acres ; in Rathmoyle, two and a 
half acres ; lately in the tenure of Donell M*Teige of Tomdar* 
ragh ; rent, seven shillings Irish ; in Templeneboegh, six acres r 
in Ballon-Iskine, two and a half acres ; in Ballicloiro, two and 
a half acres, besides the seven acres lately granted to Terence 

< »- ■ '* 
• Author of the valuable work on Ireland, 



Birne ; m Ballinegreney, one and a half acre, besides &e faasr 
acres lately granted to the said Birne, lately in &e tenure of Mot' 
gan M^Brian Karanagh, gent. ; rent, six shillings and eight pence 
Irish ; in <iie same one and a half acre ; parcel of the estate of 
Melaghlin C'Rian, attainted ; rent^ nine pence Irish ; Bohermore, 
jBrenshaghbegg, and Lackeran, in the town and fields of Ballin- 
lintie, quarter caruc ; rent, two shillings and six pence Irish ; in 
Balligibbon, three half quarters of a plough land, viz, in Lissne- 
leyn, one quarter, and in Garranekkinardae, half quarter ; parcel 
of the estate of Morrogh Ivoreh, slain in rebellion ; in Cloneo- 
gliffin or Cloneoglissin, Lacknyvamey, and Shaereghnrenagh, 
quarter caruc, parcel of the estate of Mahowne M'Edmond O^Ke- 
nedy, slain in rebeUion ; in Fidanebegg and Ballinkinashe, half 
caruc, pared of the estate of Owen M' Connor O'Clery, slain in 
rebellion ; in Fedanemore and Ballinkinashe, quarter and eighth 
caruCy parcel of the estate of Edmond M'Donc^ O'Kery, slain 
in rebellion ; in the same, and in Glahasken, quarter caruc, parcel 
of the estate of Dermot Roe O'Clery, slain in rebellion ; rent, 
fifleen shillings Irish — (wti/t grants in other counties). To hold 
for ever, *bs of the castle of Dublin, in common soccage. — ^2l8t 
February, 12th. 

Grant from the king to John Bathe, Esq. — Carlow county. 
The tithes of the rectory of Finagh in Idrone; the tithes of the 
rectories of Drombaragh, of Killrossenaren, Ballykelly, and Tul- 
laghnebraer, and of Dromphe, two parts of the tithes of the town 
of Castlemore ; the tithes and altarages due to the vicar and curates, 
and the advoweons, knight's fees, &c., and other casualties are 
excepted — (with grants in other counties). To hold firom 
Michaelmas, 161(5, for the term of forty-three years. — ^24tb 
April, 15th. 

Grant from the king to Sir Anthony Savage, knight, vice^trea- 
surerof Ireland^ and privy couAsellor. — Carlow county, Balli- 
keallie, twenty*eight acres country measure ; Bellar or Ballen six 
acres, except the glebe lands ; Ballewer and Coranpursin, twenty- 
four acres ; Tormene and Ardbime, twelve acres ; Rabeggan, 
eight acres; Rathroshe, Ballyvalden, Brishtowne, Balliowdernan, 
and Rathbrege, sixty acres ; Ballelion and BalUnvalley, eighteen 
acres ; Cappagh, twelve acres ; Corrigan, fifteen acres ; Killane, 
six acres ; Crraigloge, twelve acres : the castle, town, and lands 
of Graignespeddocke, twelve and a half acres; Bollibrin, five 
acres ; Kilcowle, sixteen and a half acres; Srahe, twelve and a 
half acres ; Ballymullen and Kilpatricke, thirty acres ; Ballaker- 
rin, six acres ; Bogandonill, seven acres ; Moynicrogh, ten acres ; 
Meshell, twenty acres ; Locklin, twenty-five acres ; Knocknyeny, 
five acres ; Shanegarry and Killavy, twenty acres ; Ballinruisb, 
twenty acres ; Tecollome, eight acres ; lisseconly or Lissenco- 
nelly, eight acres ; Cappwater, eight acres ; Ballaghmore, Bally- 
Redmond , and Killeine, fifteen acres ; half of Lessegarvine, 
eight acres ; Owemey and Nicholston, eight acres, all country 
measure; rent; ten pounds Irish ; Grangwatt; seven acres; rent^ 


i^fte shillings and four pence Irish ; and the tithes of said lands, 
being parcel of the estate of the Jate abbey of Duske — (unik 
,^rants mother cmiHtiesy, To hold for ever, asof tbe casUe of 
Dublin, in common 8occage.'<-20th August, l/)tlu 

Surrender by Dowlinge M^Brian Kavanagh, of a daily pension 
of two shillings and six pence, Irish. — 29th October, 14th. 

Grant to iJermot M'Dowlinge Kavanagh of the daily pension 
of two shillings and six pence Irish, so long as he continues to be 
a loyal subject, surrendered by his father, €m in ihe preceding 
wiicie^ — 11th November, 14th. 

King's letter for a grant of land in Car}ow, Kilkenny, and 
Wexford counties, to Edward Butler of the Low Grange in Kil- 
kenny county, Esq. — I3th November, 15th. 

Grant from the king to Patrick Bai*nwall of Shank ill in Dublin 
county, Esq. — Car low and Wicklow counties. The tithes of 
the towns, villages, hamlets, and lands of Rathville,* Ballyvetf, 
Walterston, Tobinston, otherwise Ballytobin, Bally willtam, Knock- 
oye, Lissenevy, and KiUranalagh otherwise Killranelogh ; the small 
tithes, offerings, and all other duties belonging to the vicar ex- 
cepted ; parcel of the estate of David Sutton, late of Castletown, 
Kildrought in Kildare county, attainted. — Total rent, ten pounds 
Irish. To hold for twenty -one years from last Easter, for a fine 
of ten pounds English. — 25th July, 15th. 

licence to the following persons to keep taverns, and make 
and sell wine and ardent spirits, during life in the following places : 
— to Sir Bamaby Brian and Dame Mary his wife,t in &e town 
and liberty of Carlow. — 22nd December, 15th. 

Licence to the following persons to keep taverns and sell wine 
and ardent spirits, at the following places :- — to Nicholas Caffoie of 
Laghlin-brid^e in Carlow county, and Joane his wife, during 
their joint Uves, in Laghlin-bridge and two miles round: — to 
James Knowles of Carlow, merchant, and Rose his wife, during 
their lives, within the town, of Tullaghphelim, and two miles 
round. — 1st April, 16th. 

Grant to John Parker of the deanery of the cathedral of 
Laghlin or Leighlin, vacant and in the king's gift of full right 
witib a stall in the'choir, and a voice in the chapter.-*6th July, 16th. 

In order to ascertain the best mode of improving the state of 
the country, it was necessary to collect the opinions of intelligent 
persons by means of a parliament. The privilege of returning, 
members being, however, confined with narrow limits at the ac* 
cession of James L, an extension of the fi-anchise was desirable. 
Accordingly many boroughs were now empowered to send their re- 
presentatives to parliament, and among the rest we find Carlow^ 

• Rathvilly. 

t This species of grant seems to have been frequently bestowed on persons 
of rank ; as another instance, Sir William Cole, and dame Susan his wife, 
reodved a mmilar license for Enniskillen, during the present reign. Very 
probably the privilege was rendered lucrative by confernng the power of 
granting licences to all other persons. 


the people of which place are indebted to James I. for this second 
charter, which was granted in the eleventh year of his reign. 

Some information relative to the creation of boroughs at this 
period may be collected from the following extract from a letter of 
lord deputy Chichester to Sir John Davies, bearing date at Dublin, 
14th Aug. 1612 : ** In making of the borough towns, I iind more 
and more difficulties and uncertainties ; some return that they are 
but tenants at will and pleasure to certain gentlemen, who have the 
fee-farm, or by lease for a few years, so as they are doubtful to 
name themselves for burgesses without the landlord's consent ; and 
the landlord is of the church of Rome, and will return none but 
recusants; of which kind of men we have no need, and shall have 
less use. Some other towns have few others to return than re- 
cusants, and others none but soldiers ; so as my advice in that 
point is, that you bring direction and authority to make such towns 
boroughs only as we think fit and behoveful for the service ; and to 
omit such as are named, if they be like to be against us ; and to 
enable others by charter, if we can find them answerable to our 
expectation, albeit they be not in the list sent thither by the lord 
Carew, nor returned as allowed there." 

Charter Granted by King James the First to the 

Inhabitants op Carlow. 


James the First, by the grace of God, of England, Scotland, 
France and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and soforth. 
To all to whom these presents shall come, greeting. Know ye, 
that as well at the humble request of the inhabitants of the town 
of Carlow in the county of Carlow in our Province of Leinster 
and Kingdom of Ireland, as also for the purpose of cultivating 
and planting those parts in our said kingdom which were depopulated 
and laid waste according to the form of our government in our 
kingdom of England so happily established of our special know- 
ledge and mere motion with the consent of our right well -beloved 
and trasty counsellor, Arthur, lord Chichester of Belfast, our 
deputy general of our said kingdom of Ireland, and also according 
to the tenor and effect of certain letters under our royal signet and 
sign manual, dated at our palace at Hampton Court, the twenty- 
ninth day of September, in the tenth year of our reign of England, 
France, and Ireland, and of Scotland the forty-sixth, and now 
enrolled in the rolls of our chancery of our said kingdom of Ireland, 
do decree, declare, and ordain by these presents that the said town 
of Carlow, and all and singular, castles, messuages, tolls, mills, 
bouses, edifices, structures, cortilages, gardens, wastes, soils, 
waters, rivulets, lands, tenements, and hereditaments whatsoever, 
with their appurtenances lying or being in or within the said town 
or village or precincts thereof for ever hereafter shall be one entire 
and free borough of Carlow, for ever shall be called and named and 
all and singular the premises into one entire and free borough of 
itself by the name of tbe borough of Carlow we do ecect^ constitu^. 


make, and ordam by tliese presents. And further^ we wiU, ordaio, 
and decree, by diese presents, that within said borough of Caxlow 
there be one body corporate and politique, consisting of one por- 
brieve, twelve free burgesses, and the commonalty, and that all the 
inhabitants within the said town and lands for ever hereafter shall 
be by virtue of these presents, one body corporate and politique in 
deed, feet, and name, by the name of portrieve, firee burgesses, 
and commondty of the borough of Cariow, one body corporate 
and politique in deed, fact, and name, really and fully for us, our 
heirs, and successors ; and that they by the name of the portrieve, 
free burgesses, and commonalty of the borough of Cariow shall be 
at all times hereafter persons fit and capable in law to have, ac- 
quire, receive, and possess lands, tenements, liberties, privileges, 
jurisdictions, franchises, and hereditaments whatsoever of what- 
soever nature, kind, or species they may be, to them and their 
successors in fee and perpetuity : and also goods and chattels, and 
all other things of whatsoever kind, nature, or species they be : 
and also to give, gran^ assign, and demise lands, tenements, and 
hereditaments ; goods and chattels, to do and execute all and 
singular other acts and things by the name aforesaid. And that by 
the name of the portrieve, free burgesses, and commonalty of the 
borough of Cariow they may plead and be impleaded, answer and 
be answered, defend and be defended, before us, our heirs and 
successors, and before ahy the justices and judges of us, our heirs, 
and successors, and others whomsoever, in all the courts of us, our 
heirs, and successors, and elsewhere, wheresoever, of and in all and 
all manner of actions, suits, pleas, quarrels, complaints and de- 
mands whatsoever against them or by them in any manner to be 
prosecuted or obtained : and that the said portrieve and free bur- 
gesses of the said borough and their successors, for ever may have 
full power and authority to elect and return two discreet and proper 
men to serve and attend in every parliament in our said kingdom 
of Ireland hereafter to be held and that the men so elected, sent, 
and returned, sliall have full power and authority to considt and 
treat of those matters and things which to them and others shall be 
declared or expounded, and therefore freely to give their votes and 
suffices and to do and execute all other things as fully as any 
other burgess of any other ancient borough in our said kingdom of 
Ireland or in our said kingdom of England in the parliament there 
have been used to do or execute. Wherefore, we will, and by 
these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, we do give and 
grant to the said portrieve and firee burgesses of the said borough 
and their successors, and also order and firmly for us, our heirs, 
and successors, command all the sheriffs, officers, ministers of us, 
our heirs, and successors whomsoever of our said county of Cariow 
for the time being to whom any of our writ or writs for the elec- 
tion of burgesses of parliament within our said county of Cariow 
at any time shall be directed, that every such sheriff, officer, or 
minister to whom any such writ or writs as aforesaid shall be di* 
rected; shall make his precept tf the portrieve and free burgesses 


of &e sud borough of Carlow for tihe time being for tbe election 
and return of such two burgesses according to tbe form and effect 
of such writ or writs : And tbese our letters patents or tbe in> 
rollment thereof shall be . as well to the said portrieve and free 
burgesses of the said borough and to their successors as to all and 
singular the eheriffs, officers, and ministers of us, our heirs, and 
successors, whomsoever, a sufficient warrant and discharge in this 
behalf. And intendmg that h^eafter it may appear Xhat this new 
corporation was first composed of good and honest men, wb do 
make, constitute, and name, John Kerton, gent., the first and 
modem portrieve of said borough, to continue in the said office 
imtil the feast of St. Michael the archangel next afber the date of 
these presents ; and we do likewise make, constitute, and name, 
John Bare, Esq., our serjeant at law, in our said kingdom of Ire- 
land, Sir Robert Jacob, knight^ Sir Adam Loftus of Rathfamham, 
Anthony St. Ledger, Peter Wright, William Greatrake, Nicholas 
Harman, John Bromfield, John Ely, ' Robert Whitacre, Robert 
Sutton, and Richard Keating, to be the first and modem twelve 
free burgesses of the said borough to continue in the said office of 
free burgesses of the said borough during their several lives, unless 
in t]}e mean time, for misconduct or any reasonable cause they or 
any of them be removed fi'om the said offices, and that all tfie in- 
habitants of , the said town and such and so many other men as the 
portrieve and free burgesses of the said towns for the time being 
shall admit to the fireedom of the same borough we will constitute 
and ordain shall be the commonalty of the said borough. And 
further we will, that j;he said John Kerton, whom by these presents 
we have made portrieve of the said borough, shall come before our 
justices at the next general assizes after the date of these presents, 
to be held within our said county of Carlow, and shall in due 
manner take as well tbe oath commonly called the oath of supre- 
macy as also his corporal oath well and faithfully to execute his 
office of portrieve of the said borough until the feast of St. Michael 
the archangel then next following, as aforesaid ; and that the 
portrieve of the said borough be annual and elective, and therefore 
we will, and by these presents for us, our heirs, and successors do 
GRANT to the said portrieve, free burgesses, and commonalty of 
the said borough and their successors, that the said portrieve and 
free burgesses of the said borough for the time being, for ever, 
every year at the feast of the nativity of St. John the Baptist can 
and may assemble themselves in any convenient place within the 
said borough, and that the said portrieve and free^ burgesses so as- 
sembled or the major part of them before they depart may there 
elect one of the more discreet free burgesses of the said borough to 
exercise the office of the portrieve for one year fi*om the feast 
of St. Michael then next following, and until another of the 
burgesses of that said borough into that office shall be in 
due manner elected, perfected, and sworn, and that every 
portrieve so elected before be be admitted to exercise that or be 
considered as portrieve shaU take as well the oath commonly cal- 


led ilie Oath of supremacy, as also his corporal oath well and truly 
to execute the office of portrieve of the said borough, at the feast 
of St. Michael the archangel, next after such his election, before 
Ihe portrieve, who the year before had preceded him in that 
office. And we gbant full power .and authority to every last 
predecessor of every portrieve of said borough for the time being 
to take the said oath from every such portrieve to be newly elected. 
And moreover, of our like special grace, certain knowledge, and 
mere motion, we vnll, and by these presents, for us, our heirs, 
and successors, do grant to the said portrieve, free burgesses and 
commonalty of the said borough and their successors, diat if, and 
whenever it shall happen that the portrieve of the said borough for 
the time being within one year after he be elected and sworn into 
the office of portrieve of the said borough as aforesaid shall die, 
or in any manner vacate said office, that then, and so often the 
free burgesses and commonalty of the said borough and their 
successors can and may within the space of fifteen days next after 
such vacancy, elect another fit person out of the said number of 
free burgesses to be portrieve of the said borough for the remain- 
der of that year to rule and govern said borough, and that every 
person or persons so elected to the office of portrieve of the said 
borough can and may execute the office of portrieve of the said 
borough until the feast of St. Michael the archangel next following 
such his election, first taking the oath called the oath of supre- 
macy, and also the oath for the due execution of his office of 
portrieve. And further of our special grace, certain knowledge, 
and mere motion^ we will and by these presents for us, our heirs, 
and successors do grant to the said portrieve, free burgesses, and 
commonalty of said borough and their successors, that if any of 
the said fi-ee burgesses of ^e said borough as aforesaid in these 
presents named, or any of the free burgesses of the said borough 
hereafter to be elected shall die or be removed from that office 
while free burgesses, and every of them for misconduct in that 
office, we will shall be amoveable at pleasure .of the portrieve, 
and the major part of the free burgesses of the said borough for 
the time being, that then the portrieve, and the remaining free 
burgesses of die said borough for the time being, within seven 
days next after the death or removal of such free burgesses can 
and may assemble themselves in any convenient place within the 
said borough, and that the said portrieve and free burgesses, so 
assembled, or the major part of them, before they depart can 
and may elect one, or so many as shall be wanting of ttie said 
nuniber of twelve free burgesses, out of the better and more 
honest inhabitants of the said borough, into the place or places of 
such free burgess or free burgesses, so dead or removed from that 
office, to continue in the said office during their natural lives, 
unless in the meantime for misconduct, or 3l-govemment, in that 
behalf they or any of them be removed, and dat every person so 
elected into office' of a free burgess of the said borough before he 
be admitted to execute that office, shall take his corporal oath, weU 


and truly to execute his office of a free burgess of ttie said hfh 
rough, withiu eeven days after such his election^ before the por*> 
trieye of the said borough for the time beings or before the re- 
maining free burgesses of the said borough, then surviving and 
ivmainiog in that office, or the mijor part of them, to which por- 
trieve for the time being, or to which free burgesses or the major 
part of them, for the time being, we do give and grant full power 
and authority to take the said oath, from every such free burgess 
to be newly elected, and so oflen as the case shall happen. And 
further of our special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, 
we will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, 
DO GRANT tq the said portrieve, free burgesses, and commonalty 
of the said borough, and their successors, that they and their 
successors, for ever, can and may have hold one court in any 
oonveni^ and open place within the said borough, to be held be- 
fore the portrieve of the said borough, for the time being, and in 
the said court to hold pleas on every Monday, from week to week, 
of all and singular actions of debt, covenant, trespass, detenue, 
contract and personal demands whatsoever, not exceeding the sum 
of five marks sterling, which shall arise or happen within the said 
borough, or the liberties (hereof, and that said court be reputed and 
held a court of record for ever. We will also, and of our more 
abnndant special grace, certain knowledge, and mere motion, by 
these presents for us, our heirs, and successors do grant to the 
said portrieve, free burgesses, and commonalty of the said bo« 
rough and their successors, for ever, that they and their succes- 
sors, from time to time, as often as they shall think expedient, 
can and may meet and assemble themselves in any convenient 
place within the said borough and in their meetings there, make, 
decree, ordain, and establish, such and the like acts, ordinances, 
and by-laws for the good rule and sound government of the said 
borough, and the inhabitants thereof, as to them or the major part 
of them shall think necessary ; and that they shall have power and 
authority by fines and pecuniary mulcts to punish, chastise, and 
correct, any persons breaking through such acts, ordinances, and 
by-laws, provided said acts, ordinances, and by-laws, fines and 
mulcts be reasonable and not contrary or repugnant to the laws 
and statutes of our said kingdom of Ireland. And further, we 
will, and by these presents, for us, our heirs, and successors, 
do grant to the said portrieve, free burgesses, and commonalty of 
Ihe said borough, and their successors, for ever, that they may 
have a guild mercatory within the said borough, and one common 
sea), engraven with such form and device as to them shall seem 
fit, to serve for ever for the affairs of the said borough, and that 
Ihey can and may, from time to time, as oflen as need shall re- 
quire, out of themselves elect, constitute, and ordain two ser- 
jeants at mace, and the other inferior officers and ministers neces- 
sary for the better government of the said borough and the in- 
habitants thereof, and every person, so from time to time elected, 
constituted, and ordained, we do make, constitute, and ordain to 

be tlte seijeaak at nwee and otiber officers and miniates af lite ««ii 
borougb resfeciively, and to 4»ntinue in their offiyses during their 
good behavioar, orat the wiii and pleasure of the portrievQ^ free 
bnrgessesy and commonalty of the aaid borough ; mmI that every* 
sacfa Serjeant, o&cer, and minister before he be peroiitted to eac- 
eitnse his of&ee^ shall take liifore the poitrtevo of theBaid.boroQgh^> 
for the time beb^, his corporal oath well and. truly to exer^se.hfe^ 
office. And further of om* special grace, certain kBowledge^. and 
mere motion, we will, and by these present for us, our heiny, aifd 
successors, do give and grant to the said portrieve, free boigessiB^; 
and commonalty of the said bcn'oogh, £s>r ever, that the portriev^ 
of l^e said borough for the time being, for enrer, shall be l^e cterk 
of th6 market within the. said borough and the Hberiies thereof and 
shall from 4ime to time have full power and authority to do. .and 
execute all things to the office of clerk of the market within the 
said borough bdonging or appertaining ; so that no other derk of 
the' market of U3» our heirs, and successors, shall enter into (be 
borough aforesaid, or the franchises thereof, to do or execute the 
office of clerk of the market or any thing to the said office belong-^ 
ittg or apprn'tiaining^ or in any manner interfere wiHi any fting 
touching tiie office of clerk of the market within the said bwbughj 
or the liberties thereof. And further, of our more ample special 
grace, certain knowledge, and mere ;tnotion, Wfi grant to the 
portrief e, free bura^esses, and commonalty of ^e said borough and 
their successors, for ever, that these our letters patent and every 
article and clause therein contained, or the enrollment thereof shall 
beconstraedy interpreted, arid, adjudged to the best advantage^ 
benefit^ and fovourof the said portrieve, free burgesses, and com- 
monalty of the said borough and their successors agmnst us, our 
heirs, and successors, as well in all the courts of us within our 
md kingdom of Ireland, or elsewhere, wheresoever, without any 
confirmation, licence, or toleration hereafter to be procured or ob- 
tained ; notwithstanding that our writ of ad quad damnum hath 
not issued to in4|uife of the premises before tile makii^, of these 
our letters patents ; and notwithstanding my other defect .-or imy 
other thing, cause, or matter whatsoever to the contrary notwith- 
standing. Because &c^ we will also&c. without frne in the Bbmper 
&c. In witness whereof we have caused these our letters to be 
made patent. Witness our aforesaid de^mty general of our king- 
dom of Ireland, at Dublin, the nineteenth day of April in the 
eleventh year of our i»eign of England, * France, .and Ireland, and 
of Scotland the forty-sixlh, 

Nicholas Stafford, bishop of Leighlin and Ferns, governed 
these sees three years and eight months, and died on the I5lih 
November, 1604. He was buried in St. Mary's church Wexford, 

His successor was Thomas Ram, born at Windsor, in Berkshire, 
andj^ucated firstly at Btdn, and afterwards at King's College, 
Can^ridge; where he took his degree of master of arts. On the 
appointment of Robert^ earl of Essex, as lord lieutenant of Ireland, 


Mr. Ram attended his lordship as chaphdn, which office he 
filled in 1690, In 1601, he became chi4[)lain to Charles, lord 
Mountjoy (who succeeded the earl of Ejssex), by whom he wa» 
presented to the deanery of Cork, and afterwardb to that of Ferns. 
He also held the offices of rector of St Mary's, Wexford, vicar 
of Balroihery, in the diocese of DuUin, and chantor of Christ* 
church ; whidi preferments, together with the deanery and chan« 
torship of Ferns, he held wi£ the sees of Leighlin, and Ferns. 
He was consecrated bishop of these dioceses at Christ church, Dub- 
lin, on the 2nd of May, 1605, by Henry Ussher, archbishop of 
Annagh, (iusisted by the archbishop of Cashel and the bishop of 
Kildare), the see of Dublin being at that time vacant. It would 
flieem/ that the appointment could not have &llen on a more diH- 
gent, pains-taking person, as will fiiUy appear on perpsal of the 
following minute and interesting report of the state of his ecclesi- 
astical charge, made seven years after his elevation to the super- 
intendence of these sees. It is matter of great regret, that much 
of this curious document is de&ced, a£d a great part of it totally 


liow he hath performed those duties which the right reverend Neither 
in Grod, the archbishop of Dublin, being his metropolitan* under- 
took unto his majesty for him and the rest of his suiS&agans ; made 
this 1st of September^ 1612.* 

^' Concerning the order and course which I have holden for the 
fispppession of popery and planting the truth of religion in each 
of my dioceses, it hath been of two sorts— first being advised by 
some in authority (unto whom his majesty's pleasure and the state 
of those times were better known than unto m^) to carry myself 
in all mild and gentle manner toward my diocesans and circuits, I 
never (till of late) proceeded to the excommunication of any for 
matter of rdigion, but contented myself only to confer with divers 
of each diocese both poor and rich, and that in the most familiar 
and kifsd: manner that i could, confirming our doctrines and con- 
futing their assertions by the touchstone of all truth, the holy Scrip- 
tures. And for the poorer sorts, some of them have not only dis- 
covered unto me privately their dislike of popery and the mass, in 
regard they understood not what is said or done therein, but also 
groaned under the burthen of the many priests in respect' of the 
double tithes and o£Ferings, the one paid by them unto us and ^ 
other unto them. Being then demanded of me why they did not 
forsake the mass, and come to our church, their answer hath beqn 
(which I know to be true in some) that if they should be of our 
religion, no popish merchant would employ them being sailors, no 
popish lieindlords would let them any land being husbandmen, nor 
* set them houses in tenantry being artificers, and therefore they 
' must either starve or do ' as they do. As for the gentlemen and 
those of the richer sort I have always found them very obstinate, 
which hath proceeded from the priests resorting unto flieir houses 

* Regal Vis. hook in Prerpg. off. 


and companyi and ccmnnaal hammering of them upon their super* 
stitiioas anvD. T&uchiDg the second couney since the time that 
his majesty signified his eicpress pleasure that the censures of the 
diurch should he by us prkcttsed against recusants after often. • . « 

..•••;•• •('^'•«) • 

plain and mild manner, hut all to no purpose, I • . , 

(tiMm) to repur unto their parish church on days » •, «. 

• (remainder of the sheet destroyed) 

Sheriff, I caused to be brought before me, hoping then that my 

persuasion and reasons, togeUier with their, apparent and presait 

dangar, woidd make them relent ; myself prevailing nothing iinfStL 

them» I entreated their landlord, Sir Henry Wallop, to try what he 

could do with them, but all in yain : this done 1 singled them out 

one by one and offered each of them this favour td give them any 

reasonable time to bethmk themselves, upon these conditions, first, ' 

that they would repair to {heir curate's house twice or thrice a weekj^ 

and hear otnr service privately in his chamber read unto them, nexi^ 

that diey would put me in good security for the delivery of l^eir 

bodies unto the sheriff, at the end of (he time to be granted, if they 

cdnibrmed not themselves; but they jumped all in one answer as . 

if they had known before hand what offer I would tender unto 

them, and had been catechised by some priest, what answer to 

make, viz* * that they were resolved to live and die in that re« 

ligion, and that they knew that they must beimprisoned at lengthj^ 

and therefore, (say they), as good now as hereafter.' 

'^2. I have contmually resided either in the diocese of Flems or 
of LdgUin, sometimes m the one, sometimes in the other, and in 
whichsoever myself have been I have exei:cised the ecclesi&stical 
jurisdiction in person, when I was not, mine official supplied my 

** S. Having been about seven years bishop, I have every year 
once visited each of my dioceses in person, and have called beifore 
me my clergy in each deanery, and two at least of the laity out of 
every parish for adesm^ upon their oaths to detect all the offen- 
ces and defects of ecclesiastical cognizance committed within thtir 
several parishes, and have accordingly proceeded therein. 

*^ 4. If I be authorized under the seal to tender the oath of alle-' 
glance to every man of sort within my dioceses, I am most ready 
fmd willing to put it in execution, to persuade them in the best and 
serious manner that I can to take that oath, and duly and truly to 
certify the lord deputy firom time to time the names both of the 
takers and refusers thereof 

''5. There was never any yet admitted by me or mine official 
unto any spiritual living widiin either of my dioceses, but he did' 
^stinctly with his moutib pronounce and (I doubt not) but ^ truly 
and willingly with his heart embrace and take uie oath of 

*^ 6. {laving as diligently as I cto inquired what priest, $c. re- 
sort each of my dioceses, and who are Uie ordinary harbourers of 
theiDy !••••••••••••••••••••«•••••••••• •• •,«.«*#•••#•. 

,•»••».••#••.••••••• followetlk 

142, ptfoaT AND AHTiqcmsi 

In die cUocese of Lriffalin.* 

^< 1. Sir LagUin Oge, keepiog for the most part eitber at tk« 
Bouae of John Browne in the town of Carlow^ or at the house of 
Mar^faret Archer^ widow, or at tihe house ctf Walter Butler of 
CarioW; merchant. 

<^ 2. Sir Murtogh O'Dowling, a vicar general of tbedioeeee of 
Kitdare coming by starts, haHboored at die house of William Dun 
of Binnekerr'y^ near Cariow. 

*^ 3. Luke Archer, vicar general for the diocese of Leigfalio, 
keeping for die most part in Kilkenny; at his coming into &e 
county of Cariow resorting unto the kouse of Edmead M'Tirie- 
logk of Ravilly. 

" 4. Sir Obristopher Priest, sometimes keeping at the bouse of 
Nicholas Cafibry of near Leighlini hut I heard not of his resort 
tUther of late. 

'*S. Sii^ Thomas Rengh, priest, keeping about a tweLvemonth 
since at the house of Garret M^Teg of RateUick in the parish of 
Killabban : where Hiis arm being broken) he lay at cure* bi^ since 
I have not heard of him* 

''6. Sir Murtqgh Dun, priest, coming by starts into thk diocese, 
bnt residing ordxuarily widi his brodier James Dun of Dunman- 
qock in the diocese of Kildare. 

** 7« One Qfllodnff, a young priest, Toeming hither and thither. 

*' 8. Sir Pateidc Oge, keeping here and there in about the 
parish of TuUeghfij^. 

^*9. Sir Thomas Oge O'Hinnagan, freiquenttng the house of 
Garret M'Kilpatrick in die Rahen in the parish of Clonmore. 

*^ 10. Sir Molroby M^Grew, priest, keeping in the parish of 
Bttrilie in no certain place that I can yet learn, bnt as his occa- 
fflons lead him. 

''No p<^ish priest hath ever been admitted either to chuxdi 
living or cure within either of my«dioceses during mine incumbency ; 
neither (God willing) during my time ever shall. 

'' AU the churches within both my dioceses are builded accord- 
ding to the country foshion, or bonds taken for the building of diose 
few that are unbuuded, except some few parishes, wherein diere 
ijs yet litde or no habitation * « « 

'' Lastly, though I have u^ my best endeavour according to niy 
simple alail to reform recusants, yet have I come far short of what 
I ong^t to have done ; and I must needs acknowledge myself to 
be an unprofitable servant. But by the grace of God, I am whill 
I am, and by the said grace assisting me, I will endeavour my- 
self daily more and more to root out popery and to sow the seed 
of true reli^n in the hearts of all die people committed to my 
chai^ ; which, thoi;^ I have no hope to efiect as I would, "yet^ 
€if aUqu%dprodir$ tenUs, cum non daiur ultra* 

** The humble answer of Thomas bishop of Ferns and LeigUiiif 
to Us majesty's instnictiotts and interrogadons lately sent unto 
the arcbbi&ops and bishops of this realm, 

* The dioeew of Fen»| not'pertaSidttg to o^r Bubject, in omitted. 



<< 1. Toacbing tiie first artide, I have answered particalariy 
uatfli oadi braiisk thereof ia jsy totmea coglifittite. 

<^2. Conoeming the true value of the benefices of each cUocese 
aiforesaidy and tlie names and qualities of the present incumbents, 
they "are (so near as I can learn) Worth cofnmuni^us annii Qs 
Mowetti.* « 

** The bishopric of Leighlin* 

^* The present incumbent thereof Thomas Ram; leading it by 
union with the bishopric of Fiems durante vita^ by iidrtue of his 
majesty's letters patent The annual i»nt lliereof is twenty* 
four pounds sterling besides the demesnes, wbich are ^ffery large, if 
ihe bishop might enjoy his right. But in respect they are almost^ 
aUmountainy grounds, and^mucb of them is withholden by the 
ndghbonrs thereof, yi^d very litde proifit The detafaieni of Hia 
demesnes of Old Leighlin are, Sir Richard Butler of Poleston, 
knight, Ridiard Comberford of Ballerloghna, Esq., William Fan- 
Byiu;e of Ballecloglma, gent, who taking advantv^e of rehdiou 
in uese parts, and of the often and long vacancy of this poor bi- 
shopric, have detained (and still so do) almost three.miles of land 
belonsing unto it. The encroachers of t&e manor of Shaneoourt 
alias Woodstocke in the Queen's county, are, Sir Ricbard Greame 
of Ballelehan, knight, and Piers Ovington of Amoistown, Esq. 
who have the one of tiie one side and the other of the ot^er side, 
so encroached upon the said manor, that whereas it consisted of 
eight score acres arable land in fiie fifth year of Bdward I. as by 
the exchequer then being, his accompt appeareth in the king's rolls, 
and so mudi hath been in poiBsession with the bishop of Leighlin his 
tenant within fifty years last past : tbey have left with Ae hwse but 
one acre of land. If I hoped that these lands could be recovered 
in law by any reasonable charge •^•••••••••••••»««.«« •.•••« 

• •••••;•••• {the remainder of ihis eheet desfro^ei.) •••••••• 




KaiBM of the Iscumbents. 


V. of CjntoUos 

V. of Sleeuflfe 
Ardideaoon . 

V. of Lomtm 

?. of TaUogh 



Annual val. 

value in during U^ 
peace* rebellion. 

Robert Gleere, a reading nuuster bora 
in Ireland) kaviog the tia^mb, Iriih 
and tjiiin tongues 

The same Cleere holding the aame with 

I the treasurership by union during Ida 

I life, aeooxdisg to the andent oistpm 

I oCthIa diocese •• 

Ditto, ditto,. • 

Hers Gorse, an ancient nunister bom 
in Ireland, skUftil ii^ the English, Irish 
and lAtini tongues, keeping hospita- 
lity accojcUng to hia means 

The same Gone hoIdijQg the same by 
uaioh for life • • 

Ditto *• .. * 

David Ready, a reading vaardklUx of Irish 
birth, having the Englishf Iriab, and 
Lati^ tongues •• 
samel^y f 









• • 

• We^omit Fens* 




Names of the Incdiiibents. 

Preb. of 


F^b. of Ahold 

V. T^^oe 

John Paikeri bachelor of arts, and a 

preacher, who was lately admitted 

thereonto residing yet at Dublin • . 
Riclnrd Thompson, bachelor of arts, 

and student, in Trinity College near 

Dublin •• 
Thomas Manly, a reacUng minister of 

English birthf havhig the English 

and Latin tongues 
The same Manly, holding it by union, 
James Waddinge, a reading minister oi 

English birth •• 
The same Waddinge, united for life ; 

residing within the parish of Bal- 

Ditto, ditto. 

Annual lAnnualyair 

lvalue in Iduring hite 

peace. 1 rebe lliom. 

£ Ster. £ £(ter. 



V. of GaUen 
V. of Berragh 

V. of Balleelin 

V. of KUthmill 

V. of Rathmorepbfan Bradish, residing in Munster 

V. Rahaspeke 
y. of Cloidagh 

V; of Killeshin 
?• of Nowghall 

V. of IMbnner 
y.iof Corclone 

R. of Tono^ 



V. of ShankiU 

V. Gillieilos^ 

The same Bradish 

The bishop of Kerry holding it in com 
mendam • • • • • • • . 

Arthur Bladesmith, an English minis- 
ter, having some skill in the Latin 
tongue, residing therein 

The same Bladesmith 

Ditto, . . 

OliTer Keatinge, an ancient reading 
ministei'. of Irish birth, skilful in 
the English and Irish tongues, resi- 
ding therein 

The same Keatinge, holdltagitby union 

Willyam Hilton, a reading minister of 
English birth, having some skill in 
the Irish tongue, residing thereon I 

The same Hilton, holding them by union 

John Mooren> a reading minister of 
Irish birth, very x«ady in the Eng^h 
and Irish tongues 

The same Mooren, holding it byunion 
and residing thereon 

Walter Fullan, an ancient reading mi- 
nister of Irish bbrth, having the Eng- 
lish, Irish, and lAtin, tongues, re- 
Siding thdreon • • ' . • 

The same Fullan, holding it by union 

Bamabet Ashton, a reading minister 
of English birtii, residing thereon, 
and te^hing school there 

Vacant •• 

Walter ^Itoik 

( 7%e remainder of the ^heei decided,) 

Tege O'Curren, a reading minister of 
Irish birth, having the English, Irish 
and Latin tongnes •• •• 

Piers White, a reading minister of Irish 
birth, having the English, Irish and 
Latin tongues, residing in same li- 
ving in Munster by dispensatkm out 
of the office of ftMulties •• 

• • 

7 10#. 








3 10#. 










• • 

• • 






Names of the IncumbentsT 

V. of 



V. Clooddae 

v. of Qoncnafa 
V. otBurroes 

Henry Wekb, a xeadiag laiBtster of 
Irish birth, having tiie English, Irish, 
and Latin tongues, resident in the 
diocese of Dublin l^ dispensation 
oat of the office of fiunilties 

Thomas Smyth, master of arts and a 
preacher, residing within half a mile 
of the same 

V. of Cltmekine tyerhy O'Horraghan, an old reading 

minister of Irish birth, haying the 
English, Irish, and Latin tongues .. 

The same Horraghan, holding, them 
both by union .. .. .. 

David Goode, an ancient reading mi- 
nister of English birth, skilful in the 
Irish tongue ,. 

The same Goode, holding them by 
union • • 


value in 



during late 




Frebr of Cross- 

T. of Kilcowan 

r • Ramarknee 
v. of Maglors 

R. KIlacoimD 
R, of Roslare 

R. of Shanboe. 
V. of Roslare 



R. of Kilooman 

R. of Ambrose- 



• • 

Robert Ram, a bachelor of arts, ^ 
student at Trinity College near Dub. 

Patrick Kelly, an ancient churchman 
of Irish birth, skilful in the English 
and Irish tongues, residing therein 

The same Kelly, holding it by dispen- 
sation out of the office of faculties j . 

James Staffiard, an ancient reading mi- 
nister, residing in the same, and 
having the En^ish and Latin tongues 

Adam Hay, as yet but deacon residing 
thereon ., 

Thomas Gallamore, a master of arts and 
preacher, residing thereon and keep- 
ing good hospitality . . .. 

Thf same Gallamore, holding by dis« 
pensation out of the office of faculties 

Richard Reigh, an ancient churchman, 
keeping residence and hospitality 

M^rtogh Mackaparsons, a reading mi- 
nuter of IriflJi birth, having the 
English, Irish, and Latin tongues 

James Lee, a master of arts and a 
preacher, lately admitted thereunto, 
and to reside thereon veiy shortly 

Vacant — it was leased long since with a 
reservation only of 

Willyam Underwood, a scholar of six- 
teen years of age or thereabouts 

John Batison, a scholar aged seventeen 
ye^^r8 ox thereabouts. 

• • 



JS Ster* 



















• • 


5' . 

< «« 


^^At iny first preferment unto these bishoprics, and finding such^ 
want of clergymen within both my dioceses, especially of LlighSn, 
that some of the parishioners being by me blamed for 'c^i^ing 
ibeir children to popish priests to be christened, answerei^ (fiiougL^ 

146 t»STO&T AND AVrtK^UlTlBS 

raflierfer excnse, as I found afterwards in that ibey reformed not 
theraflelve8| ihen for conscience sake) that tbey'were compelled -so 
toHoy in regard that&ey had no curate of our religion near unto 
them ; in imitatiasi of the revereiid bii^o^ 'f^S' ^<^ the beginning 
of the reign of our late queen of I^Bppy m^^ory^ I entreated ihree 
or four men of English birth of staid carriage' and good report, 
being veil ablefto give an account of their &kh in the English 
tongue, and to instruct Ibe people by reading, to enter tfdliani <^the 
churchy and provided for ihem^t cures amonff the ESnglish pa- 
rishes, afterward small vicarages which they enjoyed at- thjw-. l4me^ 
and radde upon them. And whereas two or th^ of the natives 
of thi& coimtry being well able to f9peak and read Irish unto -their 
countrymen, sought utftb me for holy orders, I thought likewise 
•fit in tne great scarcity of men of that quality to admit them <there- 
unto (being likewise of honest life and weU reported of among their 
•neighbours) and to provide them some small competency of living 
in Sie Irish parts ; furthermore being desirous, serere alteri se- 
culOf by providing'a learned ministry which shall be able to preach 
nuto the people hereafter, I haive also according to the anoient cua* 
torn of my diocese dispensed with three or four youths of 'fift^M or 
axteen years of age to hold each of them a church living' und^ 
ten pounds in true value, stiidH gratia, having taken order with the 
churchmen adjoining to discbai^ the cures of the «»ne^ and' hti" 
^vmg had a watchful eye over these young m6n that they did an|l 

do bondjide follow. • « ••••• 

• . • • k • • *,(resi tf the %heet muiilated). , 

may be dealt with^ to authorise^oiie or two of the bHliep'-4i ohoilfe 
and nomination for the executing of the writs db excommunicatb 
capiendo. Next that none be suffered to be gaolers or inferior offi- 
cers unto them, but such as. resort unto oar churdh. • • • without- tbe 
former the excommunicats fer taiAtt^r of religioilw4il hardif^ lie<^- 
tached ; without the latter they being attached and conhmitted will be 
encouraged to continue in their obstinacy. 

''Secondly, there being divers impropriations within lay dio^^es 
which have no vicars endowed, Whose possessioners are bounds 'by 
thdr leases or fee farms to find sufficient ouratiBs ; mine earnest 
request is that a competent stipend may be raised out of eveiy:(i(He 
impropriation whereby the curate thereof may be maintained: and 
that two or three of. the iAipropriations of smaH value xz^y be 
united amongst themselves, jH they be together ;" and a coidpeten- 
cy raised out of them )ftll so imited for an incumbent, bat if -Ihty 
. l)e asunder, that then Hkey may -be united' to the itext parsonage or 
vicarage adjoining and contribute towards the- battering Ihefeof : 
provided always, iEat in whichsoever of the united chur^iSies. divine 
service is celebrated, thither all the parishoners of the churches 
united be compelled every Sabbath and holyday to repair in .their 
course and turn.' Now tiie competency which 1 conceive will be 
fittest for the imprc^rietaries to yield, and of th6 curates to recelve,^ 
is the small tithes of every such parish. 

^ ' Tho. Ferness And Leighlin.^ 


A paflikmettt meC at ilie Casfle of Dnbliiiy on liie IStli of Mli;^* 
1613. Among the members, there were one hundred and one 
R<Hium Cathdies. 'Hie repHMentattves tetttimed from our dktridt 
wa» the Mowing :— 

For the county of Cnriow : George Bagenal^ and Moigan Ka*' 
nmagh, Eeqrs. .... 

For the boroogli of Carbw : John Bere, Esq., aeijeantat law» 
and Sir Robert Jacob, knt, solicitor general. * • 

The two latter persons weie antoog the fin^t twelve bm^gessef 
•f tiie borough' of- Cariow. 

We take the following rqport of the proceecKngs from Ae 
Journals of the House of Commons/ 

October, 1 Itfa, 1614. The greater part of the Imights, citiaens, 
aadbwgesses of the Cemmons House of parliament being this 
day assemUed by eight of the dock in tiie morning, puMic thank* 
were girea to God, by fiBf Jc^ Davies» knight, speaker of the 
said house of oommons. 

October 29^ 1614. Mn George Bagenal moved, iliat Mr. 
Johnson, one of the attomies in the ' court of Common Pleas, 
might be brought into the boose, to be punished for arresting him 
in Easter term last. 

Sir Oliver St. Jdin spoke touching the privilege of the hous# 
for forty days before and forty days after ; doubtfrdf of too large. 

Sir John Bverard, that it is fit to be punished. 

Dr. Reeves, with Sir OMver St J<^. 

Mr. Femham, touching his knowledge of tbe arrest. 

Mr. Sheriock, to have tbe statute pursued. 

Mr. Waddmge, the like. 

Mr. (>ewe, to make a diffemce between a prorogation and 

Sir Cfaades Nugent, to foBow tibe statute, and that Johnson be 
lent for. 

Mr. Treasurer, that the statute helps the privilege of the house, 
and is to be followed. 

It k 'ordered, that if Johnson can be had here this sitting, 
then the serjeant is to bring him in, and the officer that made tiie 
arrest also ; but if he be not in tovm, the warrant to issue for 
bringing him in on Mondi^ next 

October 31st^ 1614. Mr. Johnson beine brought to the bar^ 
was by the speaker charged for arresting Mr. George Bagenal, a 
member of this koose, which he confessed, but stuck at the ax- 
pounding of the stntttte here, and yet submitted. 

Agreed by d&e house, that Mr. .Johnson shall be . iqaprisoned in 
&e casfle during the pleasure of the house, and shall, for his of- 
fence, pay unto Mr. George Bagenal the sum of nine and thirty 
pounds, ten diillings, sterling ; before he be enlarged, or admitted 
to his petition for his release. 

November 3rd, 1614. Mr. John Johnson's petition was mo^' 
tioned by Mr. Disney, but the speaker acquainted tbe house with 
tibe former order, (bat satisfoctioa must be made before the p&titioa 



9mf»t AN9 4H«Wlff M 

and i«> bi* iwtitioii WW 4md» «iidt^licw8Ogty9onUrfarbift0^ 
Ifitgmfi^ ^ Fitb cmitiqm ttatb«6m h^ be di«obaig«d, it iktil 
appear tbat the aaid JohiiBon ha4 either paid aato Mr. BidMoA 
ll94s(9r tim thirty pouikbb which Mr, Bog«o»lpaid upcm Ae un m k 
unto the said Johnson, in disdiai^ge <^ somuch Aa^ bjrlnni to lim 
wd Mr, Ibdion «r ei0(i #haH giT# good Movily &r tii» «U 
Mr* Richard Hacbor's ijatirfartwn in thnt behalf. 

lifoy«ober 7tii» 16L4. la a oonfiMWioe betwiem the krdu tni 
conunoniiy the bishop of Leighlin and . Fmam was ^m of IhoMi 
■^ aatad fiw the fiinBar.' 

The second session met on the lott Apnly IMS* 

Mfty 19*9 1&15. Mr, Geoige Bagraal, iqNm tbebflgitiimg of 
Om reiding 9f the bin of Seot^, desired ftal the biU of the Mtfwet 
aR^htb^re tb^ pceoedeney in reading. 

. iiir itmm Iianiiltf9» poodMeended tibst the biU £ar A« aetivae 
ahould hare the precedency, and Ihat in old tun% Ireland wa^cil» 
lad So$iia m4i^ar$ tnd Sootland Sowt^ minor; tluM«i>aiieut|r to 
ba betwixt bi9th« 

M^ Jiv06» Sibtboqi. Thai UA Englidi* biab, and Sooii 
beingunder one God and one king should be e^tiatfy cafnU* «f 

JMy, Ameiijr. The biUa «ieiK>td«iiod» tbarafi^sabe dwrad 
that the blemish sheidd be^ tricen awey ; IbierefiMW, both to ho eead 
and committed, and the house to be aft baiable suitor to thohing 
for repeal of any sfealuti tiiet shall diniblo divf n/^(t^ke.imfar 
Ue of any office in this roshn. 

2nd May, 1615. In a difference betwem krd Howtb end Blr. 
taitterel, the house agroed that Sir Lrareooa Ssmoode, SirAAun 
Loftus, and Mr. Bagenal,* shall repair to the lord Sovth, mtA 
five hi8 lordship notice of the convwltee's Mxt sittings and tbat 
bis lordship should there bring all his proob. 

8» May, 1616» The house was this day called, whensntne ef the 
members.being absent, were fined,,'' and others to Ipse their w^gaa/' 
The Usbop of Leigblb and Ferns was an active member of Hue 
parliwBient It was cSssolved op the 24th October^ 1|S1& (H). 

As alieady noticed, inquisitions were frequently, taken ]n theea 
times, in order to ascertain the nature and extent of property ap* 
pertahiing to individuals or corporate bodies. The foUowiagin- 
ipueitiona, taken in tiiis reign, are preserved m fta chief Trtw 
bcanoar's office of his Majesty's court of EUchequ«r» Dublin^ 

CooNTT or Catevblaqm. — JAUaa L 

• • 


• f 

• • 

Nsmei of p«son», See, 

T^hoinas, Alice of ftorfolk 
9Moab WUmijik O'Kolsas 
iehnQaiiisa «• •• .« •• «,. 

Edmond St Leger 

James Fitz-Pieroe .. • 


Msnrios LsMlit M<GsUr GManaglie 


*t •> 


Date . 

Idlh 8ep. 1 

jS^hJidy 4 

6th May 12 

]6thJan. 1617 

SIdk June 1917 

Plaos ifhy tdoMU 
Osthcriagli. ' -' 

dUto, ' 




* We find tUs asms occsirions]]^ sps)M l^stfww/ and iometincs Av^ 

OP ni cooifTT ov omavr. M0 

*uMH) Miwrt Chwe6^ bvon of^ CuuiWoiviiy ui fli4cowil]f df 
Kdkntty^ wm Ao fcoSbt of tiio hid^ WiiaMtii BcMsry iirib tf 
BiflMQE^ €wl Ov I/Mnotta^ Md dsUgfateP ttid cols luif of Thomm 
Mnoi QfnioMB tt4 Oisoiyy K.O*- A flMrt iMiuufli off* mmiww 
aad aOMT Imii ni ttte iNMBrtiHrof Onlwir, KOkiBiiy^wril ellentool 
1MM IkoB mnga^A to yra^ ftiiii%; akcMfMier^ tlw Iwgtfct'Ogt 
Mo A0B ODJOytd W lay ariigtet of ^ «dM 

lo reiMfODM to tto aoonty ol CMoir ortMei of M OiflMUO 
AMlIf^ it «Mf Im proper Oor odNoMiBlrtlio toodhry Ikfttlo idtaMoii 
lOliM of tko oHinol «oriiM of PdMvowi of (>noond Mdi^ 
aid of lit too Jomet, lord Bolleri transQiOr of Itotand^* m <tf9 
porfty ti^ OenMneo irhoo in r«MBoE^ IMry VUL/hp loltvo 
{MM* dated olWoitouttflltr) MrdOeteber, ondBM^fooofldo 
mgOf granted to Iho aaid Polar aad Jaaae^ Ao wMotin, « iaa l l o a^ 
aid towna of iUrtiimio^ Clodoooko^ CdBagtu Mc fc ikyitf , -HMhAai^ 
Bu apoa a l u orai $iid L^gMitt» m tHo cooM^ M Caifairi te 'fWo 
fiv«% orO9tlioiDiig«flllia0^,aBd«teh4botnrfoof ifa^bodjroflko 
laid Polar ferapir^r^^dioaarrico of anoknigWalioL TUayraBl 
was viodoki Hm y«or Mlowinf <bo onaoiitient of liia 'statali of 
■fcatntaai, bjrwkidvtke poaiawicm af tiiooDontycfCliribiriNA 
latimoA Ky tibo crati^ 

D inin g thiowigo, AofrMioantinqaMeoragnvdinB HloilMoottl 
pjapafly* ywFOgfant diiawtianM liaii to ikn gi oai iiUI y 'of • Uto- daotilitj^ 
gvMliBMn* Tbia oiiooaiatanee ia not voi'f aorpridng^ aa lAo 
ionB» *of yopcfif woaltoiio o datad ortteiMypooarfc)ay. WUm 
ovgnnN) or no nMariwii ico ny ooaaenc €fr oonToyanao n porananBO 
of anah grant ooold bo prodoeod^ the ealato waM iiioiheditol^ 
proDOfanced tibe property of tbe crown. TItteo i0fc[iaiMao9^ dBB|^ 
t ilm wm r Ai momoxienairelyciillod into opare^ib^ #^' kit flrst, 
oppliod: to o«MB te whh^ it wai ob^oot fbo partiao Md n»lopl 
tiia to diaii^ knda ; anisb as Aoeo of tba ^rariooa Inah aeptoih'tiio 
aaaoljr of Gartoirirbo hod intnidad on <he aatataa Of Ihn dahtroT 

IuobL Aadontiio97tkda(yof Mordb, 10S5. 

i>i itii> i*»iii 


» ••. 

diarie^y oidy surviving son of James {.» sacceedoi bi»iaAari. 

A caao of moi' tojaadao and o p pi aas io u' ooauiOad ottbafcom- 
OMMttaBKOtaf tfaisraign^ of whiabwo altaU gsvo oH ateoiart^ i» 
ioiiieof Hio parties and fradfactiinui wdro eonnqctod -^tiOpoiir 
Ooodty. Itappaoratiuit PbaUm MoePHaagb Bgrme OihI Btftrn^ 

^ McBMlrs of tbe fmSiy of Grace. By S. Gnoe, Etq., P.8.A. 


1m dctt and liflir^ were seized of ( eartaitt \aads ki'dfe eotutf of 
Wicldowy ol whicb some iodividuals of rant 'iiMied tp htiomm 
possessed. Regarding llie territory of the fii^r, ftey were ptnrfly^ 
eaeeessfidy bnt Bryan tbe son, defending his property, behead hie 
kotiier Turlogh were, by tiie contrivances of their enemies, eom* 
autted {Mrisoaers to Dublin castie, on the ISth of March, 1626^ on 
tiie information of Thomaa Archn*, DemaotMaoGfeffin Kavanagh, 
Cddr MacBdmond MacArt Karanagh, and Turlogh JDiA Kava- 
■a^ The latter person had at aibnner period plandersd the house 
and arfzed ihe cattb of one offhelim's tenants;' on whMi Pbdim^ 
who wias a nistice of the peace and quorum, issbed a warrant. to 
apprehebd Turlogli UvMe, who fled into the county of Cmdow, 
and' thence to KiUcenny, wifere he was apprehended; Thraugh 
revenge^ and in order to eave his life^ he theu accused Bryan and 
Ilia brother Tnriogh. Ardier did not become informer with so 
anieh readiness. The conspirators against t^ Bymee Ibond it 
neceesary to put him to the torture, by placing him ni^ed on a bunii^ 
log gridiroD, with o&er crdslties, before they couid compel him 
to become accuser. On compliance, he obtained his pardon. 
Demot MacGriffinand'Cahir MacArt, were eubsequently «x* 
ecuted at Kilkenny; bodi of whom declared brf<Mre deaift, dial 
^eyhad fidsely accused Biyan! and Turiegb Bynie^ Suck was 
the testimony, and audi the witnesses against theM persecuted smb,- 
and upon this ii^mons bams two biUs were fiatned against them, 
which bills were creditably rejected by two seferal grand ^ucieeat 
Cailew; for which they were proseeuted in the starwchamber and 
fined! This Byrnes inally obtained their liberty, but lost a con* 
aiderable part of &eir estate.* 

. In 1626, lord viscount Falkland, (the lord deputy), convoked 
an assendily of the nation, for the purpose of granting a mon^ 
open tokcatioh of the exercise of the Roman Catholic reUgion, 
witb n view to engage its pfofessors in a libend eupport of the 
atate, and in consideration of a large sum of money to be paid to 
Ae long. The Protestant hierardiy, however, nrmly opposed 
this project, which they considered dishonourable to the govern- 
ment and detrimental to the interests of religion. They assembled 
at the house of the* prSmato, on the 26l}i of November, 1626^ 
and drew up the following protest : 

*' Thb religion of the papists is superstitious and idolatrous, 
their M&l and doctrine erroneous and heretical ; their church, in 
respect of botibi^ apostatical : to give them therefore a toleration^ 
or to cdssent tiiat they may freely .exe^ise their ri^i^on, and pro- 
fess tlieir fiiith and doctrine, is a grievous sin, and that in two 
respects : far, 

•^ ^^First,it is to make ouisdves accessarynot osdy to their super- 
alitioBs, idolatries^ and |i«reaes, and, in a word, to all theabo- 
Muations of popery ; but also (which is a consequent of d^ 
former) to the perdition of flie seduced people, which pfrisl^ in thtA 
deluge of tiie Catholic apostacy^ 

.♦ •* 

f Cuie*t life el Ormpndf, tol. i. p. 98. 

Oy tttfi OOtTMTT 0)f OAALOW. 151 

^StcimiStf, to grant tiiem a toleration in respect of any mousf 
to be ffvea, or contributton to be made by them, is to set reUgkni 
lo seley aiMl villi it the aools of die> p^ple^ whom Christ omr 
Sa^ioor bath redeemed with his most precious blood. And as it ia 
a gnaat abiy ao it ia also a matter of most dangeroos oonsequenoe ; 
tiie eonaymtkm wbiBreof we comnait to the wise and judicious, 
beseeching the God of tnitiito make them nHio are in authority 
■eaiaftn of God's glM7» and of die advancement of true religion ; 
aeakms. cesolnte^ and coorageoos against all popery, si^perstitiai^ 
and ideiatry; Amoi." 

This document was signed by Thomas^ bishop of Leighlin and 
Fcroa, and eleven ethers. Hie Rrtglish house of commons zea* 
lotasly seeonded the views of die Irish prelates. A remonstrance 
was pro a cnt ed by it to the king, *?^fa»'*"py sentiments to the fol-> 
kHiving eflbet: '*tliat tibe pqpish religion was publicly professed in 
ei^ ' y part of Irebnd, and that monasteries and nunner^ were 
tkera newly erected, and replenished with votaries of botb sexes, 
'v^ieb woidd be of evil coaaeqnence^ unless seasonably repressed." 
A penod was tihtus put, at tbalb time, to any extension of tbe to- 
leratioii gtaated to die exercise of ^e Roman Catholic religion. 
Butwkat woaldthe members of the British house of commons of 
1626 say, could they now rise out of their graves, and behold 
die inhsMaats of Ireland, two hundred years afikerwards, and 
Amidst att dieHght of die nineteenth century still dinging, super* 
edlMmaiy, to tlwir religion, and still erecting ^^monasteries, and 
aaaaeries" fior its nurture, promotion, and propagation ?' 

A.D. 1627. On die 8di of February, diis year, Edwaid 
firabaion, baron of Ardee, was granted the tide of earl of Car- 
low; bat lor some reason, not generally known, Meadi was the 
place from which his earldom was derived.* 


Jt Carhw, September, 1625. — Richard late bishop of Leighlin 
was seized of KOlenu and Garrebrit in county Carlow, and with 
the assent and consent of the dean and chapter of the cathedral of 
St. Lazarian of Leighlin, by deed dated 8th December, 1589« 
granted them to Henry She^elde of Fennors-court in said county^ 
his heirs and asogns for everi^said Henry, by deed dated Ist 
May, 1601, in consideration of a sum of money, conveyed same 
lands to Mortagb M'Tirlagh Bime of Cloughrousk, and Fferdor- 
rogh O'Gormogane of Grangefort iu county of carlow ; and afore- 
sud Mortagb suod Fferdorrogh, by writing dated 2nd May, 1602, 
granted to Edmond Bime of Clbughrouske, all and singular the 
said lands.-<-Held of the king by knighf s service. 

Same day and place, — Brien M'Donnogb Ravanagh was seized 
of die towns of Ballynlpghan, Cowlenagtippog, Aghebick, Cor* 
^^gg> &nd Corrymore, contidning two martelands and 'six pence 
land, which premises were in the late reigns, and are now beld in 

* Coat, Hib. Aug. vol* ii» 


otfiie^ by kiii|lit't isrvioe^ and by Imir pound* asiflid molfo 
Gcporge BagnoU euad bis beira for ever.^-He died Aprils 1610^ iumI 
Art Kovanarii bis eon, and beir was of age and mmied li^ tba 
timeof bis dealk 

&m# day and p/acr.— Margan Eanranagb was aeuMd of Urn 
CMde, town, &o., of Loaram, eightoanacraigriatcouatejraiiaa^* 
aura,* KUballybugb, ten aorei, &e.-*-Said Morgan diod 2(Mi 
Marcb, 16tt2, and Gerald Ksranagby bit eon and bdiv van of 
foil age and married| at tbe lima of bis deatiu 

Same day and place. — Oliver BlauncbtiU^ son «id. beir of 
Bdnnnd BlauncbviU, late of MiHtoiiii^ gentydeceaaedy waaseiaed 
of tiie town of Ratbrnoell, containing twoaana great aMiuraiA. 

Same day and piaee.—ThBohM, Tisoouat Butler of TuUai»* 
pbelini> was seised of iba oaede^ town, laada of CJoaghgranai 
Oarrynun^i Mortellestowa, Clodagb, BdSytrolle> Bafaioordaisa^ 
BaUynebmagb, Ballingowbe^ Tomard, TuUagbsfdyRy BatbopM^ 
Corragbfin, Coideneldsebye, Langley, Ratbbbdin» Qoi^bkryMiCi 
Ckgbermiske, BallykaTani Corranlosk^ Nawsiona^ aUaa Gleg^ 
noa, Lydiiin, Killnide oHae KfliinbiUe^ Casflsgraoe^ BaUyiownrytf^ 
aad K^nny. — ^WiUiam Birae of Oldtown elaiaied tiiiB temw <d 
Bdlynebvennagbe, and Tbadaaa Nolan of BallybaUyf rdbiawl 
tte tknrd part c^ &e town of Kilbride. 

Same day «m? jp&ce.-^Nicbolasy meounl Nelterrilkof Odwtb^ 
was seized of ih& town of CIobs^aU, BaUypiars, KiUawan, «ad 
BaUyabearcavragfae, containing one and a baif osmasfdt of lflSid»»liikl 
granted the pienises to Taaureaca^ bavan cf Lymeridte, bia baiia 

Carhuf, liti Marek, l<S2a-!-Brien MDennogiHi Kayan^ 
was seized of the rents of BidLygraJisliuiMiii and BaUyav089bs»« 
heggf containing twenty acres of bmd great neasunk, and saiadd 
of Uie town of BaUytdgliegjts^ containing eighteen pence land 
measorey and one third part of Ballynegreany, containing ttiree 

fence land. — Died April^^ 1619^ and Aft Kavauaghy his sdn and 
eiTi was of full age and manied at the time of his death. 

Same day and plaee^-^Mnxrough O'Hime was sei^&ed of tbe 
town of Sraghy twelve acres great measure — died die end of 
March, 1625, 

Same c%a^d^p£xce.— Teige O'Rian was seized ctf si moiel^ 
of Cloghmoonney and Tomdarraghe, containing seV^A and a liw 
acres, great measure^it and thirteen acres same measiire in Bally* 
ellin.— Died 23rd November^ 1618. Donell O'Rian, son an^ 
beir, was of fiilt age and marriedj. at the time of hi&deatU. Held 
of the King. 

Carlow, 20M Marcij, leZft-^Thomas Colclongh^ Faiie 6f T5n- 
teme in county Wexford, Imight, James Stanihurst, late pf Cor* 
duffe m countyDublin, John AUeUi late of Fithard in county. 
Wexfbrdj and William Campion> late archdeacon of the citthedral 

* Each contaiqSng fifteeniumf of the common measure* 
t See preceding'dote. , 

OF ifmm ^oxftiTY 99 ^uow; 159 

okardi of Fmnu^ w«re j«is«d to &« ine of Nidioias BagoGdI« lata 
af DonleeknTty ia county Cariow, Esq., of tbe auiaor <rf Don- 
l«ckay% and town of Donlecknye otherwise Castleboy, Knock- 
nmUin, and Moneybcgg, containing one martdand ; Staplestowne^ 
KiUvenny and Ballykerogei one Qiart» Tinrjlane and Ballynecar- 
ngg, ooe mar^ Newtowne and Ballynock, half mart* Londoanei 
Ffinnagh and Ballydardaney one mart, Rathortane ottierwise BaU 
lyntoituMs Ballybegg and Killmacklyn, one mart, Rathcroage, one 
tixth nutfty Ballybriny one third marty Ballybrebbrack^one six^ mart^ 
Killgreny and Killedane, one fifth mart, Ballyclonetemoge, one 
martyClogkwalteTy one uxth mart, Ballynkillin, one marte. Upper- 
teddn, oi|e third mart, Knockskurr, onethird mart, Domneroe, one 
tikird mar^ Clonegidd, one half mart, Rath, one half mart, Ballymoew 
and Caonibegg, one half mart, annual rent ten pounds ; of the 
tewn and land of Agha, Boherduffe, and Clonjme, h^ld by OUyer 
Bnstacey gent, Bohennore and BaUysheane, one mart, KiUdriaagl^ 
bdf mart, Ballywilliamroe, one mart, annual rent^ twenty-two 
shiUiags and e^ht pence ; of the to^n and land of Baliygdmiyn, 
twenty-Uiree Stings, of Ballyhobback, twenty^five shillings, 
TartamweU and Ballybegg, twenty-fire. shillings, of Ballyloiock* 
tela, lands of. Ballytomin, one third mart, five pounds, of Shaa? 
kSBroaOy Garcamoni^h and Ballydowde, land of KiUarrigg, on^ 
asart, KiUmalapoge, one third mart» thirty shillings, out of Kil- 
kny, Donowre, half mart, reversion of Rathvailyvillaine, Killr 
cmitt and Sl^juth alias Slyguh, ccmtaining two marts on expira- 
tioa of a lease of years granted to Robert Evers ; five pounds oirt 
of Rathellyn, Raduffe, one mart, two third lands of Raheden 
containing two tiiirds mart, Ballylowe, Bfdlygowen, Bailytaisue, 
KiUconnor and Bailybramell, four marts, in expectation on death of 
Gerald M^Murtagh Kavanagh, and Joan his wife, reversion of 
Killcomyn, half mart, en death of Donat M^Morrough, reversion 
of Killshaneclone and Ballyfoyne, half mart, on deaUi of Dermot 
M'Morris, Cloncargwoase, Knocknegowndonagh, Ballynesillagh, 
Ballynattin, and Ballynegrann, one onethird mart; forty s£al« 
lings out of Ballykoppygin and Killcallatrum ; forty pence oat of 
Knockoeganougl^ Kiltennell, Ballymellin, Ballynvally, Keanoga 
and Canygbrake, one mart, held by^Patrick Fitzgerald ; RossecUUig, 
Keylenarloy MoyvaUy, Knockroe, Rathannow, Cranm^ Rahin- 
dainigh» Killedmond, RahinquiU, and Tomduffe, one mart; re- 
version of Ballynloghan, Cowlenegappoge, Corribegg,.Corrimoreb 
and Aghencfk, on death of Art M'Bryan Kavanagh and his heirs 
auile ; Orchard, hsdf mart, Oldtown, half mart} reversion of Parkr 
eirespane, and Ballyconnocke, one mart, on death of Cahir Kava- 
aa^ and Bryan j^avanagh ; reversion , on the death of Owen 
B^frae, oi the lands of Bdlyryan, one mact ;. reversioa of Tom* 
gaany, Bohilla^, Walterstown, and Lynkardstown, on death of 
llenry Davells and his heirs ; vaA reversion of Ballyrie, on death 
of Bryan M^Griffin.— Aforesaid Nicholas Bagnall by his last will 
derised these pramises to his brother George Bagimll, and then 
djttd.*— Ann Cddough aUaa Bagnall, was wliEe of £e said Nicfaolfis 

• t54 • flisTomr an© AKTrtquitnEs 

• • • . 

and now lives.— Aforesaid G^oi^e Bagnidl, by gnmt dated IM 
Febriiarjr/ 1607, demised to Tadeo M^Donogb 'Reagb, Tadeo 
M'Monis Leoghy Dermot M^Ffergananym, Roe and Murtagfa 
M^eige, the lands ofRabindarraghy Cnocbroe^ Killedmond^ Rath- 
anan, RabincoiU- and Rillinorba, for the term of eigbty-one years. 
By anodier grant, dated 1st Jaly, 1619, demised Jobn Bernard 
tbe lands of Tinrilan^ for tbe term of tbirty-one years, annual 
rent, fourteen pounds. — By anotber deed dated 5tb Ma^rcb, 1620^ 
demised to Henry Walrond, tbe lands of Staplestown, Kilmeyny 
and BalKcroage, for tbe term of one bundred and one years, at tbe 
annual rent of tbirty-one pounds six shillings and eigbt pence.-— 
By anotber deed dated 2dth Marcb, 1 622, demised to Humpbry 
Cory, tbe lands of BaQincarrigg, for tbe term of one bundred and 
one years, at tbe annual rent of thirty pounds.— Aforesaid Thomas 
Colclough, Jobn Allen, and William' Campion, made a deed, 
dated 26th July, 1623, assigning to tbe aforesaid George all the 
premises ; and the said George, by deed dated 20th May, 1624, 
conceded tbe premises to Sir Peter Butler, knight, Patrick Sarse- 
field, James Butler Fitz-Pears, and Michael Cowly, Esquires, 
their heirs and assigns.-^Said George made bis last mtiII 21 st 
May, 1624, and died 17tb September, 1625.— Walter Bagnall 
is his son and heir, and was aged ten years at the death of said 
George, and not married. — Held of the king in capite, by 
knight's service. 

Ai CatAerhgA, ISih October, anno 2.— Walter Archer vrsa 
seized of the rectory, parsonage, &c. of Tullepbalim, KiUkrough* 
aghe, and Rathvill, and by writing dated 22nd March, 1613, 
granted Rdbert Archer Fitz- Walter, of the city of Kilkenny, and 
Therlagh Fitz-Thomas Loghlin, of Downemore in the county 
Kilkenny, their heirs and assigns of tbe premises, for the uses con- 
tained in the last will of tbe aforesaid Walter. — Aforesaid Walter 
made his last will, 18th July, 1B19, and had at tbe time of his 
death, Henry, Archer, Thomas, James, Jobn, Patrick and Cathe- 
rine, who were all unmarried at the death of their father. — Said 
Walter died 4th January, 1625, and said Henry is bis son and heir, 
of age and married. — Held of tbe king in capite by knight's 

At CatAerlogA,20th January, an, 2, — ^Murtagh Kavanagh was 
seized of the castle and town of Lowrame, eighteen acres great 
measure, Kilballyhughe, ten acres ; and an annual rent of four 
pounds out of Rahlnenegearagbe, Knockenarran, Dromfeagfae, 
CuHintraghe, and other lands in Rahinenegearaghe. — 'Died 20tii 
March, 1592. — Gerald Kavanagh was his son and heir, and was 
of age at death of said Murtogh, and married. — Held of the king^ 

At Catherioghj^rd September, an. 3. — Murrog^ Bimeof the, 
Sragb was seized of twelve acres of land in the barony of Ffort 
O' Nolan in tbe Sragb and Conamora, and sixteen acres of land in 
KillcoUe, Ballybefif and Monpemohne. — Died March, 1624. — » 
Heki of the king by. military service. — DaUagh Bime tvas bis son 
and heir, of age and married at the death of aforesud Miirrogh. 



Same day wd place. — Murrogfa O'Nolaii lati^ of Cananqporceo^ 
gent, defunct^ was smed of twelve acres of land in the banmy of 
Ffort O'Ndan in Carrampurcen* Died Idth September, 1624.-^ 
Held of the king by knight's service. — Patrick O'Nolan is his son 
and heir, of age, aod niarriedd — E2arl of Ormond has an annual 
rent of eight pence from each acre of land 'of barony of Ffort. 

Same day and place. — Caher O'Nolan late of BaUykelly, waa 
sozed of twenty-nve acres of arable land in Ballykelly. — Died 
15th January, 1592. — Held of the king by knight's service.— 
Teige O'Nolan is his son and heir, and was of age^ and married 
at the death of the aforesaid Caher.. 

Ai Caihef^iogA, 22nd April, an. 4.— Peter Carew of L^g^ 
iin, in his lifetime was seized of the tpwn and lands of Aghe, con- 
taining half martland, CorbaUy, half mart, Boherdufife, haU mart» 
and Clonyne, containing four shillings land. — Per deed dated Dee. 
1578, granted all and singular to William Tallan of Agh% and his. 
heirs male. — Said William died seized of the said premises, 20th 
August, 1584.-;- James Tallan was his son and heir^ of age at tfa^ 
deidk of the sicdd William, and married ; and by deed dated 10th 
August, 1604, granted all and singular the premises, to Oliver 
Eustace oi Castiemore, his heirs and assigns^ Held of the king 
by knight's service. 

Same day and place, — Brian O'Nolan was seized of the towa 
and lands of Lauraghteige, containing fifteen acres of arable land, 
in the barony of Ffort, and so died, 2drd March, 1626.-— Tadeua 
O'Nolan is his son and heir, and was aged twenty and a half year» 
at his father's death, and married. Hdd of the king by knight's 

Al CaiAerlogA, 24/A October, an. 6. — Edmond Bime waa 
tozed of the town and land of Sheskinryan, ccmtaining one quarter 
of a martland* Ballydowde one fourth of a martland, Garmalagh 
one fourth of a martland, and Coolroe one half of a martland, and 
so died. — Eklmond Oge Bime, his son and heir/ was of age at the 
time oi the death of his father, and married^ — All the premises held 
of the late queen Elizabeth in capiie, by knight's service.— Afore- 
said Ednnmd OgeM^Bime, seized of the premises, by deed datMl 
May, 1622, alienated said premises (with others) to James 
M'Owen Bryne» of Sheskinryan in the county of Catherlogh ; 
vhich deed recites alienation to said James, lands of Sheskinryan^ 
Garmanagh, Ballybody,. Cowlroe, Rosmore, Ballyrea, Carrigbegg^; 
KiliiDcloi^ally, Rah^agh^and Ballinesragh in county Catherlogh.. 
Town and lands of Sheskinryan, Ballydowde, Gannalagh, and 
Conlerae, held of the late long in capite, by knight's service. 

Ai Wells, 2\ei December, 1631.— Gerrald M'Murtagh Ka^ 
vanagh in his lifetime was seized of the castle of Rathnegirag^ in 
eonnty Catherlogh, and of town and lands of Rathoeg^ragh, 
Knockettfmpan, Ballyvolbrough, Cooletriaghtie, and Dromone^ 
DrQmfei|^h, Knockenarran, Corrunrane, Ballyheu, Billoghtemane,^ 
wd Ballimartinei containing one fourth martland, Lobmeswye^oaft 



bdf a marflaiidy in town and land of Lowntnn, BADigttoieO, atbif' 
-vrke IMlmmtly aad Banogebeggy^ one mftrt land, m town tmd 
land* <tf Clojne and Rafamdony, iiz« Ballydonogidti and Clafiit- 
ganny one fmtik of a mardand, and in town and lands of KUbally- 
kdly and Cafrigin, one half of amarteland; and so Mnzed^bydedd 
dated 27th Octob^, d9lh £li:ttbeti[i, granted WilHiim Wall and 
Edmond O'Doyne^ and their heirs, llie premises^ for certain uses; 
1^^ deed Mates flttt Gerald conceded to flie aforesaid William 
Wall of Ufdiyllin, and Edmund O'Dojne of Catherlogfa, all 
castor, tttessuages, Ac. In town of Ranigeregh, Ballymorromh, 
KMekeConpan, Drumfea, Knockenarran, Corranranee, O* 
loghtemane, Ballymartine, Knockolart, Lyryn, Lobinesuy^ Ra* 
Iiki-Cloney, donye, KiHraUaghkefa, Mohill, Ballytmtie, Ballyn- 
yycfte, Raghen, KyDane, aftd Aghe-Clare, and rent service, &c. 
Aftiresaid Oerald was similaiiy seized in fee, of ^ town and 
lafkds<tf Ckunidiill and BidlyvoKen, otherwise Miltowii, coiitainii^ 
06e fourth of a nmrtland, Casiletomie and Ballynockoae, mie hdf 
of a martlaiid, Sb3rat!e, ^Kno^cketyane, Rosley, otHerwise Rosly, 
Ytdlardmore and Knock- Dromagh, one half of a marfland; m 
lotm and lands of Rafainleigh, Beadlaia, and Tabbeigxitttm, one 
mtth of a maftiand, in town and lands of Garreigbtragb, otherwise 
Qknpaft, and twenty acres of the bawn of Ballintrane ; Balfjrogli 
twelve and a half acres, moiety of town and lands of Tampfisped- 
del", caght acres, Ballinekelly, one sixth of a martlahd, five acres 
•f landiriFf^ntXTNoIan, csJled Acranaskahnydy, Acranskeboeil, 
Aeranphiery^ Acracat-leagliie and Accranclassaghinore, and in 
tiSfwn and kndftof Knocktdlert and Indiinore, one half of a mart* 
)aad.--*^Aforesaid Qerald by bis deed dated 12tb Januaryy 1028, 
possessed Walter Sinnott and Dermot M'Dowlin Kavanagb, and 
Mtt iMto of itil the premises ; and said Wdter Snmoft and Denaot 
Kavatiagfi, by dieh* deed dated StA September, 1680, possetRwd 
aaid Gmld ioA his hebet of the premises.--^ Ar^tu: Kavanagb of 
BaHyteigkigb, gentleman, claims the lands of Gari^hill, Castie-* 
toi^n, and ^1 ahd singular all inanors, castles, lands, &c. of wUdl 
afivreddid Q&M, M'Mttrtagb died seized, as next Mr to ih€ 
alt^i^said Oet*^. 

JStam» doff «Hd plade.-^OtertM Mnrphy v^ seized of tfie 
totl^ aAdlaidsdf Knocknecrogb, Kiltemidl, BaUkKn^hi,Bal- 
linvaily, -K^nnoge and Carrigleagh, dontainin^ one martland, oat 
^ whidh h paid fottj shiiKngs ammal rent, to^ Walter BitpM of 
Ditdle^^kiiy.-^Patrick Mniphy b his son and heir, and was of age 
alihe death of aforesaid Gersdd, and married. Held of the Ide^^ 
by knight's iterVice. 

( )l7ih July, 1682.-^Robert Itarpode of Gat]i«r- 

l^, Was seized of the t6mi and latds of Ooglaud, Rathaskar^ 
SaltybHne, and Ballybanniiie, containing one and one fhird of A 
mart laiid, and so seized, the said Robert, by writing dated 9A 
Jmit, 1507, c6needed the premises to Robert Bowen, John Horen* 
^% John GeOi^e alias Barington, ^nd others, for ihe use of 
WiUitoi H^ool^, ton and h^lr of said Robert, and Ibe heirt 


mate of bi» body lawfuUy be^gotten^ aoi fof . defect of mH9f for 
the use of Geoi^ Harpooley his socoiid sooi &c,-fA]for«9aiil 
William Harpoole, by deed dsted 61^ April, 2i»d year ^f bto If^iCy 
(Jemised the prenuses to Christopher Iverson lor « term of Ihinie 
JuiAdned yeai[S. Aforesaid Williaaa, by deed dated Ijie ]l5tiil jfliTi^* 
v«oiber| 16] 1, deikisod premisoi to Hobert lywi for Manp of 
diroe bundred years. — Aforesaid WiUiam Harpoole 4i^ uri^thaiit 
beirs laale. — Aforesaid George Haipoole and Edward Ifaw^ if 
deed dated lltb August, 1018, cooecided premises (to i ■ ^ < »■ ■ Ti4r 
bot of Mallabids, Henry Chievers of Moantaint Stephen LutirfiU 
of Lottrelstowrn, James Hovii^on, altas Hoviatea» ao4 GifiW 
HovijasUm, and their heirs. — Aiqresaid Geoiga Harpooli^y by bi| 
beed dated 28th March, 1628, in consideration oi forty pojuodi^ 
conceded premises to Richard PurceU of Garduffe and his heiiiVi 
with claose of redemption ; and afterwards died 26th JFehniary;, 
16 — Robert Harjpode is hut son and heir, and was of Hga at <^ 
death of his father, and married.— Held of the king by knight's 

CmiAerloghf '25ih October, an* 8. — Dermit O'Corran wfp 
^elated of a moiety oi the town and lands of Lysmacoifly, fir^ 
acres, measur^nent of Ffort O'Nolan. — Died lOtb yaar rejgp^ 
late king James. — Murrogh O'Curren is his son and heir, and waa 
of age at the death of said Dermit^ and married.^ — Said Murrogh 
after death of said Dermit, was similarly seized of the oUier moi- 
ety of L^smaconly, five acres, and by his writing datod, iStJi 
April, loth of late king, alienated last mentioned moiety of 
Lyeinao^y) to Thoaaaa Butler, knight and baronet, his beirs an^ 
assigns. — Held of the king by knight's serviee. 

CUherlogh, 22a^ June, 1633.— Pi^ce Batler and Kicfaard 
Comerford Fitz«Thomas were seized, (for the uise of the lale right 
honoarable Thomas, earl of Ormonde, his hdrs and assigns), of 
the towaand lands of TuUaghbegg, otherwise TuUaghoemragber, 
in eounty Carlow, containing one dw^ing house, monastery, 
charch, and other edifices, within the precincts of iihe monastery, 
SIX cottages, and eighty acres of land in the town and ImnU of 
Mallardstown^otherwise Ballirainorlte, three great acres pai^ of the 
monasiery aforesaid ; a moiety of Tamplepeder, eight acree, moiety 
of KiUmaglish, eight acres, in town and lands of Rathdowgin, 
twenty acres', of Katfatoath, fcnrty acres, and moiety of lisgarvaa 
ten aci«6. — Thomas, late eari of Ormonde* and jBleanor, coiantesii 
of Onnonde his wife, by deed, dated 8th September, 1614, granted 
Michael Walsh, (defunct) aod others, of these preIni^es and others. 
Afovesfud Thomas died 20tb N&v«mber, 1624, without inale heirs, 
and EUiavibeth Preston, coantess of Ormonde and Oafuxy is ^bis 
next heir, vi^. dav^ter and heir of Elizabeth Butlari late co.uB|eiy 
<^ Dasniood deceased, sole daughter and heir of aforesaid Thomas 
late earl of Ooncwde imd Oasory, who was of age and :manied* 
Died lOtb Oetpbar, 1628.— Elizabeth, the omvtxAA, wafi aged 
tbMTtaen years at ^ time of %» de«tb of her ms^t ^ ^ 


Caiherhgh^ 3U/ October. 1633.— HemyO'IUan and Wil- 
liam O'Rian were seized of the fourth port of one acre of land in 
Ballidlin, and by deed dated the 10th of June, 1618, conceded 
tlie premises to Edward Butler of Lowgrange, in the county of 
Kilkenny, knight, his heirs and assign^. — Donat M'Murtagh 
O'Rian was seized of one acre in Ballieltin, and by deed dated 
the 24th February, 1623, gra^ited the premises to the aforesaid 
BSdward Butler, hiiB heirs and assigns. — Cahir M^urrogh O'Rian 
tmd Donat O^Rian» were seized of one acre and the fourth part 
of one acre in Balliellin, and by deed, dated 4th July, 1625, 
granted^the premises to the aforesaid Edward Butler, his heirs 
and assigns.— Murragb M^Teige O'Rian was seized of one . acre 
and the fourth part of one acre in Balliellin, and by deed, dated 
Slst May^ 1632, granted the premises to the aforesaid Edward 
Butier, his heirs and assigns." — Daniel M^Melaghlin was seized of 
one messuage, one garden and three acres in Balliellin, and by 
deed, dated 9th June, 1625, granted the premises to the aforesaid 
Edward Butler, his heirs and assigns. — ^John O'Rian was seized of 
£▼6 acres in Tomquile, and by his deed, dated the 2nd March, 
1628, granted the premises to the said Edward Butler, his heirs 
ond assigns. — Murrogh O'Mackesie and Elizabeth Mackesie, other- 
wise Rian, his wife, were seized of one messuage, one garden and 
three acres, and by deed, dated 19th July, 1623, granted the 
premises to the aforesaid Edward Butler, his heirs and assigns.-^ 
Thadeus M'Henry O'Rian was seized of the fourth part of one 
acre, in Tomdarragh, and by deed, dated 22nd February, 1627> 
pvnted the premises to the aforesaid Edward Butler, his heirs and 
assigns. — Thomas Butler, baronet, was seized of nine acres of 
land in Balliellin, and by deed, dated 1st November, 1630, granted 
*the premises to the aforesaid JBdward Butler, his heirs and assigns. 
'Walter, late earl of Ormonde and Ossory, deceased, was seized 
of four acres of land in Cloghvony, Balliellin and Tomdarragh, 
and by deed granted the premises to Thomas, a younger son of the 
aforesaid Edward Butler, his heirs and assigns.-— Moriertagh 
'M^Walter O'Rian was seized of two acres of land in Balliellin, 
iknd by deed, dated the 20th February, 1632, granted the premises 
to Hie afbresipd Edward Butler, his heirs and assigns. Held 
of the king in capiie, by knight's service. 

Seme de^ and place, — Daniel Kavanagh, alias Spaineagh, was 
«eized of one third of the town and land of Barragh and Knock* 
■bracke, one fifth of Carigue ( ) and town and lands of 

Monygrogh in county Catherlogb, containing, one half of a mart- 
and, and by deed, dated 9th July, 1622, granted the premises 
(*witli others) to Maurice Kavanagh and Richard Browne^ th^ 
nein and assigns, for certain uses in said indenture specified. He 
was aimilariy seized of the manor, castle, town and lands of Clone- 
muUki, KJlb6anish, and Tamshomicke, alias Tomshomkke, altos 
Caridoffe^ containing one martland. — Died 12th March, 1631. — 
Morgan Kavanagh, lent., is his son and heir, of age and married. 
Eleanor Ksvanaghi IfAe wife of said Dai^iely now lives^-^Hdd of 

OF TttB coaNTir OP cAmunr. 159 

Same day andplac&. — James the late king, was sebed oFona 
hundred and fonr acres arable andpastim land, in the town of 
Laghlin, and of two hundred and sixteen acres arable and pas* 
ture, in tibe town of BaUyknockan, and by his letters patent* dated 
19di June, in the 19th year of his reign, granted Ihe premises 
^witii others) to Bdmond Medhoppe, Esq. his heirs and assigns. 
Aforesaid Edmond, by deed dated 20th June, year aforesaid, 
granted tiie prenuses to Arthur Savage, late oi Castle Kevaa 
in the county Rildare, knight, his heirs and assigns.-^The afore* 
said late king was similarly seized of thirty-one tenements, one 
garden, and one water-mill in Baliiknockaw, in or near the town 
of Leighlin ; and 25th September, year aforesaid, granted the 
fnemises (with others) to Robert Kennedy, his heirs and assigns, 
and said Robert, by deed, dated 26th September, year aforesaid, 
granted the premises aforesaid to Arthur Savage knt«;his heirs and 
assigns. — Aforesaid Arthur, by deed, dated 10th December, Ist 
year of the present king, grants bJI the premises to Edward 
bdton, Esq. solicitor general, Robert Weldon, Erasmus Bur* 
rows and Maurice Eustdce, their heirs and assigns, for certain 
uses in said deed i^ecified. — Said Arthur died I3th March last 
past. Thomas Savage, knight, is his son and heir, was of age at 
time of his Other's deadi, and is married. — To hold of the Imig. 

Catherhghi 3lsi October, 1634.— George Bagnall, late of 
Dunleckny, in county of Catherlogh, was seized of the town and 
lands of Umy, otherwise Numy, Ballymorrish and Ballyally in 
county aforesaid, containing one martiand, and by his deed, dated 
diet May^ 10th year of £e late king, feoiSfed the premises to 
Robert Ivers of Cloghna, his heirs and- assigns.— 'Walter Bi^all, 
son and heir of George^was aged twelve years at death of his fa- 
ther, and not married. — Held of the king in eapUe, by knight's 

Caikerlogk, 18M January, 1636.— The earl of Ormond and 
Ossory, lady Elizabeth his wife, and Thomas Comerford, were 
sttzed of the ^tle of Clonmore, with appurtenances, two hundred 
messuages, two hundred cottages, two hundred tofts, five hundred 
gardens, one orchard, three thousand acres of meadow, two thousand 
acres of pasture, three thousand acres of other descriptions in 
Clonmore, Killmacartan, Hacketstowp, Ballynefunshage, alias 
Constablehill, Ballycullane, Croneskeagh, Ballygallduffe, Bally* 
nekiliy, Ballydu£fe, KiUongford, Raheen, Crewcrim, Tombeigh, 
Dnmigome and Coolemanagh. — So seized, in the tenth year df 
ike present king, alienated the premises aforessiid to David Booths 
Patrick Weymes, Gerrald Fennell, M.D. Edward Comerford, and 
thrir heirs and assigns. — ^Premises held of the king, by knight's 


Caiherloghy I5(h Sepiembet, 1637.— Moigan Kavanagh, late 
of Borres, was seized of the castle, town and lands of Borres, 
wilh a watermifl, Bailyneskm, Ballynegreeng, Ballycloyse, Bal-*, 
fohnegreeng, Downasse, Ballygargg,^ except portion of Arthur 
Kavanagh in Ballynegreenyi and Ballpgai^i («e and one sixtii 

160 arnOftY and ANTIQUfTIBS 

aiartlaai; huAmsowidiB, Go«rfe«, Bailynemoiig^ Grageoeduiloge, 
Mtfoiduip RgbuMBhepadir, BailfglwMio, aod Mttjueiae one mart* 
CUml9oaaxum, Andliig;k abA B9Uykey«fiAe» one mart, Nowtowiiy * 
BaHyhkpoeke, Corh^y, Bellyoirlert, Skdtfin]gb» Kno^knesegQrty 
RfMyMff^ BaUyxiekevlekee, «nd Ad^bmckan wiOi Ballyhe^ 
tmo mgiTtf Kaockinei BallyjMelobyy BaUyxhe^r^ay, m»i Carrier 
bod one fnui, Beluuiigh, Beilybuwiltje, GlannesaaccoUtEQn^ Tower 
§mA Toam^p one mai;^ BeUyciwoefRuiietkeeigfh and Sfevdiundae 
ooeiudf efanarty Dranag^, Dromyn, Cowltaiugh, Bet^yleYaae 
•ad Clovnigby oae maity Pc^ioootie, GlaiichaiTy, BowaDmore 
tmk faitt of Pdmoji^e^ one half of a mart, moiety of St MoUog^ 
■ad two parts <^ Baliyr oeban in tiu^ee parts divided, one tibird mart ; 
an aoau^ rent of twenty aUllings out of Ballyteigleigfa one fourtk 
0f a mart ; ten sluilings of Ratbgrin^ Kilmissan, BaUinbranigfa^ 
Bdlyvmrdoe and Knodbrjalgenne, five sbillings of BaUybracke, 
Lisauliean, and KHlmackinnee ; ten sbillings of Tynecarrigg, 
fiallybeggey Tyneldlle, Kiilcolynaey Knockbane and Sheskiny and 
three dattiiige and lour pence from tlie third part of Ballyrowdtaz^ 
in poBseaaLon of Melaghlin O'Cofitane. — Aforesaid Mox^aa Ka» 

vanagby so seized, died Id-; , 1636. Bryan Kavanagb is bis 

aen and betr, and was of age at Uie time of bis father's death. 

Oa the 25th of July, 1^3, the celebrated, highly gifted, W ' 
anfortanate Tbomae, lord vi«count Wentworth, was sworn lord 
deputy of Ireland. *^ One whose rast abilities," says Borlake, 
<' die king bad had dae^experienoe of, therefore constituted hiai ia 
&u place." ' 

Parliament aietat Dablin^ on the 14tii July 1634. It was sum- 
moned by lord Wentworth, lord deputy. 

drd, December, 1634. — it is ordered upon question by the 
House, tiiat the election of Sir Morgan Kavanagh, knight, is held 
void, and so adjudged, and that a new writ shall forthwith issue to 
&e sheriff of &e coun^ of Caliierlogh for a new election, in lieu 
aad stead of (be said Sir Mdrgan K-avanagh. 

5A, March, 1635. — ^It is ordered that the bui^iesses of Old 
LeigUm and others, shidl attend the committee of privileges upon 
W^esday next, to abow by what diarters or prescriptions tiiey 
come to this present parliament. 

20th l^ardi, l635«-^In Ike sub^division of the subsidies to the 
king by tibie lord dq>ttty, the county of Cariow was set down at fite 
hundred and twenty ^re pounds, which was this day con&rmed by 
the house, &c. 

lOtii, Apr3 1635.-^It is ordered upon <}uestion, tbat Patrick 
Byrne, CaUagh Byrne, and Daniel Karanagh, shall be forthwift 
sent for by the serjeant at anns, to answer the wrongs doae against 
the privileges of this house, complamed of by Su: Thomas Butlo*, 

16lih, April 1635.*— It ia orderod# i^on questiony Aat Aa wt^ 
Besses for clearing of Ae differences beSkween the earl of Omoade, 
and Sir Thomas Butler sbali be heard and exAminad in this hou9a 
t6-morrow morning, and ai the same time the aeijeant at arfaa y^ 
bring Edmond M'Shane Butler. ' * 


Anew parttimieBl WM eattcML by tliefftriof Strdfordi loidlifii^^ 
It sat on the 16tli March, 1699. 


CatAerlQgA'Sir Thomas Batlef> Baroncrt. Oliver Ba»tac«y 

BiHTougk qf Catierlag/^Rolmt Har^pocte, Esq., Thottoui 
Harman, Esq. 

Borough of Old Le$gUm^tioger Brereten, Esq. James 
Cusake, Esq. 

1st Oct. 1640.-^ Memorandiiin. Thk day Uie kn^hts, citbens 
and burgesses of this present parliaaient i^ain met and assembled 
together in the said CommoDs House ; and, after prayers ended» 
Sir Maurice Eustace, knight, speaker, ascended the chair.. 

12th Nov. 1640. — It is ordered, upon question, that the com- 
mittee or agents appointed by this house to go to Ekigland, to 
represent the grienu^ces of this kingdom to his most sacred majesty, 
shall go at the charge of the country. 

26^ Jan. 1641. — ^Itis ordered, upon questioQ, that five titonsand 
and eighty-six pounds is noMr agreed upon to be levied in the 
several provinces of tins kingdom, for the supplj of the committee 
or [agents in England, and that the said five thousand and^igbty^ 
six pounds shall be levied in the manner following, viz. oat of the 
eoaoty of Catheriogh^ sixty-five pounds ten shil&gs, &c* &c. 

4th March, 1641 .-^Whereas it was ordered by tiie Commons io 
ftis present parliament assembled, that the sum of five thousand^ 
Sttd eigfity-six pounds should be forthwith collected for tiie charges 
of the committee appointed by tins house to attend his nu^esty for 
redresB^of their grievances, imd that the said sum should be equally 
kviad off the Imids and rents of the lords spiritual and temporal 
iadtiieeommoiia of this kingdom, by eoosent of the lords' home of 
piriimrtent ; and also that the chixgtB ci messengers to be sent 
witli despatdies mto England should be likewise equally borne by 
the said lords and commoDs of this kingdom: now upon report made 
of &e conference with, the brds, it is agi^ed, and aceordittgly this 
day oidered by this house, that the suin of t»6 thousand four 
hnsdred pQOodi taxed for the committee of the lords' house, lihal 
be riso equeMy borne in hke miioner by the lords spiritdid and 
tesBpotal and the commona of this kingdom. 

An BfTgioksoeEit by the second oommttteeB fisr the sevdtal pre^ 
vinces of this kingdom, for the levying of two thoussnd four 
handled posnds al&wed to tbe eamasittee ^ the loids in England 
to be entered amongst the ofders of titashotts^ end tobessnk 
down into the several counties, &c. vis. 

Comiky of CiAmAo^ ^enty^five pomids, &e« 

25tii May 1641. ~Upon the bumble f|etition of Sif Thomas 
Botier^ k^ught^ • member of tlus hoose, it is ordered^ that tiie 
heir mmI executor oi Ulicke Walle. fibq. late high SherUTof the 
enoBty of Catheiiogh, and David L^ now sabnihertf of the said 
^ r, aie fordiirith U> give tfa^ said Sir Thomas fidl ^ preseM 


sft&fiictiim ct luB just demaods, or else personally to appear here, 
and answer in writing unto the said petition* 

29th July, 164 L — It is ordered that the petition of Sir iThomas 
Butler, plamtiffy and the answer of Edward Walle, son, heir and 
executor of Ulicke Walle, late high sheriff of the county of Ca- 
therloghi and Edward Butler, now high sheriff of the said county, 
shall be referred to the consideration of a committee, who are to 
report to this house what they conceive £t to be done therdn. 

And a committee was appointed accordingly. 

17th Nov. 1641.— Levying of Forces. 

It is ordered, upon question, that the order now read and agreed 
upon concerning &e lev^^ns of forces in every county in this king- 
dom, &c., shall be entered as an ordinance of this present parlia- 
ment, and be published, and put in print. 

The order for the levymg of forces. 

Whereas the present condition and danger of this kingdom doth 
require from all his majesty'^ good and &ithful subjects of the same 
aspeedylevy of forces, as well for the defence of his majesty's 
crown and dignity, and the persons and estates of his majesty's 
fiiiihftJ people of this realm, as for tEe opposing and suppressing 
of the now disturbers of the general peace and quiet of ^is land ; 
it is therefore this day ordered by the lords spiritual and temporal, 
and commons in this present parliament assembled, that it shall and 
may be lawful for each county of this kingdom, such ai^ his most ex« 
cellent majesty or the governor or governors and council of this realm 
diall appoint, to raise and continue a convenient number of armed 
men of horse and foot, during the present troubles and distresses of 
this realm. And that it shall be lawfol for any such county to provide 
arms and asiimunition for the said men, and to appoint commanders 
over them for the defence of each of the said counties ; and for 
his majesty's fnrtiier service in this kingdom, to assess, collect and 
levy as equal as they can such competent maintenance for the sup- 
port of the said horse and foot in every of* the said counties res* 
peetively, and in such manner and form as every of the said coua« 
ties, in their discretion, shall respectively think fit. And it is fur- 
ther ordered that the ijieriffs of every such county shall assemble 
the lords, gentlemen and freehdders hereof, afbr timely and con* 
^renient notice unto them given of the time and place of meetii^, 
for the speedy accomplishment of the premises, and of all other 
Aings thereunto conducing, as often as the service shall require 
the same* 

22nd June, 1642. — Memorandum. Forasmuch as it appears 
unto this house that persons hereafter named, who were members 
9f this house, are either in open rebellion or stand indicted of high 
treason, so as the said persons are concdved and ai^udged tp be 
rotten and unprofitable members, fit to be cut off, afad not worthy- 
any longer to be esteemed as members of this honorable house ; it 
b therefore now ordered tiiat all the said undernamed persons shall 
stand expelled and excluded from this house, and to be no longer 
reputed any member of the same; mid it is further ordered; £a& 

or t!i» cotrxf v op carlow. 165 

r. Speaker thtSi issnie otrt tf arfctuts to the clerk of ttie crowh of 
his majesty's higli eourt ct (ikAdcety, to issad forth \V^ntd for ne\ir 
etocfidiM to be mkd& ht tSi^ rooms aft4 places (A tbe said uiI4qf 
named persons. . ;"' 

^rndrdter* persons.'* 
Rbbwt Httfpoofe, B. CatheHogh. * 

Thomas DavUls, A 0/rf LdghRn. . ^'' !' * 

15ft Ati*^st^ 10^42. — T\$G house taking into ^^rious ponsideni- 
Hfiftk iSie great fidteHt^i p^fhis^, care and e^ti^ei^ of Sfr !lM[^rice 
Bcnrtaee, knight^ knd speaker of tiiis house, in th^' serried of tH& 
kotis^, and hid exceeding |^eat bssr by re^dn of tne dainpable 
rebeffloir m thh finngdoitr, do order thdft Mr. Rtchaf cf t^arsons^ &cl 
are appointed a eefeeC eomintttee to fo onto the right honourable 
linr lords jcstkes and conncil, and present unto their lordshind tb^ 
humble petrtion of Sir Maorice' Eustace, knight, and spealcer of 
tte bmfse> and humbly desire, hi the name of this house^i their 
lo«Ail^§' anktance and furtherance thereinii according to the rej* 
qoeet of Ae' said petition, in the most ^effectual ana conyemenjt 
iiWfts l&eir lordships shdll think fit 

wWb March, 164?. — In committee — 

ThaC his excelfency would command copies of the three tetters 
frMtt Otcttdatk, concerning the Locale regiments, ai^ of Bff ajoF 
Htonatfs fetter, concerning Catheilogh, tb^be given. 

That Capfotn Rnnket hath condesceiided to send one thousand 
poiurib Ibitrards the relief of this city and other garrisons, and fof 
Ihe rriief of I9ie Lecale men, now at Dundalk ; of which sum sixtj^ 
poinds h p^id already fbr the use of the garrison at Catherl<^h. 

9dr April, 1547. — After prayers read, a letter from IKTajo^ 
Hntnan wtis this day read, cnrected unto the speaker* 

It is* ordered that the letter of Major llarmaii be communicatedf 
ttttto the committee of security. 

14A June, r047. — Mr. Lewis's, report concerning the busin^s^ 
of Mr. Speaker. 

Andit was the opinion of the house, nullo confradiceniey to 
he' entered amongst the acts and orders of this house, which follow- 
ed in ^ perins scilicet: 

The house understanding that there is a resolution to prorogue 
die purHament fbr «ome long time, and not knowing when they shalt 
meet agidn, did take into iik&r consideration the man]^ good ser- 
Tices peribrmed by Sir Maurice Ekistace, knight, their speaker, 
mats the house, his singnfar affections to fhe English nation anci 
j^fie service, his earnest endeavours for the advancement of the 
VMet ft m t religion, the inveterate hatred and malice of the detes- 
MM^ i^l^els, many ways declared and acted against him, and the 
greatr expenses, which he hath been formerly at for the honour and 
eervtee of the'honse ; and having at the present no better way of 
i«qititad than tp convey the memory thereof to posterity, do think 
A% in msotiftotation of their high esteem thereof, to declare, and 
db^fiiereby declare the same to be such as in all timesLOught to be 



Innmberad tot Us advantage; and do tliere&M# order ttat thislw 
^wterad amongst the aets and orders oC this house. 

PuUttnent adjourned on the ISA. Jwae, to the 27th ei the 
March foOowing. 

We hkve Ihmig^t it more conducive to deamessy to dispose of 
tiie p r oc ee dings of parliament in refisrenoe to our county, in a 
eoonectsd series. Other mteresting and important matter -now 
claims oor attention. 

. Thomas, Ram, bishop of T/eigfalin and Ferns, died of aa apo- 
ilezy at DuUin, on fte 24th November, 1634, in the seventrath 
Vear of bis age. He was interred at Newboroogfa, othernase 
tjorey, in the county of Wexford,, in a chapel which he^ had 
erected on an estate of his own acquisition ; wUch estate» his da- 
'acendants at present enjoy. He erected the episcopal house at Old 
liOgUin, and bequeathed a library for the use of lus dei^gy, whidi 
-was aflerwards totally destroyed in the rebellion of 164l« . . . « 
; George Andrew, or Andrews, succeeded. He was boi^ at 
Daventry, in Northamptonshire,, was educated at Magdalen college, 
Qxfiird, and afterwards was appointed rector of Dromdiffe, other- 
trise Ecormack, (in the diocese of Kiilaloe,) dean of limerick, 
and chanter t)f 8t Patrick's, Dublin. He was coneecrated bishop 
of Leigblin and Ferns, m St Patrick's Cathedral, on the 11th 
^ay, 1635, by Launcelot, archbishop of Dublin, assisted by t^ 
bidiops of Dromore, Kilmore, and Ardagh. Rarely has it oc- 
purred that the displeasure of persons in power has caused the 
promotion of an individual. Such, however, was the (act, in the 
case of bishop Andrews. He, it seems, was chairman of. the 
committee appointed by a convocation of the clergy to consider the 
question of tzie introducticni of an exact conformity' betwe^i the 
JSnglbh and Irish established churches ; and having made some 
opposition to the proposed assimilation, he thereby incurred the 
Mvere disfavour of the lord deputy Wentworth, who wrote thus 
to the archbishop of Canterbury, on the 16tfa December, 1634 : — 
*^ I instantly sent for dean Andrews, that reverend derk who sat 
fiirsooUi in the chair of this committee, requiring him to bring along 
the aforesaid book of canons so noted in die margin, together with 
fhe draft he was to present that afternoon to the hou$e. This he 
obeyed, and herewith 1 send your grace both the one and the other. 
But when I came to open the book and run over their deliberan' 
Hums in the margin — I confess, I was not so much moved since I 
came into Irdand. I told him, certainly not a dean of limerick^ 
font Ananias had sat in the chair of that committee ; however, sure 
I vtras, Ananias had been there in spirit, if not in body, with all 
Ae fintemities and conventicles of Amsterdam ; that I was ashamed 
and scandalized Ivith it above measure. I therefore said, he should- 
leave the book and draught with me ; and that I did command hiu) 
upon his allegiance, he should report nothing to the house from the 
committee, tUl he heard again from me. — If your lordship think 
dean Andrews hath been to blame, and that you would chastise him 
for iV naake hjm bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, (Doctor Ramme, 


Ae last bishops being latdy dead% to have it without any othin^ 
c^mmendams; and then I assure you, he «hall leave better behind'' 
him, dMm wiB be reoompeneed out of that Hshopric, which is one* 
of tile mcaneet of the whde kingdom." — ^The promotion of dean 
Andrenre immediately ensued. When the rebellion of 1641 broke' 
ottty he waeobligedtoflyto Bqgland for safety^ where he. lived 
obscurely for several years. He died at London, in 1648, and' 
was buried in St. Qementfs church. During his occupancy of the 
sees, the manor of Fetimrd, which had been recovered by bishop 
Ram, was, in pursuance of an act of paiiiament, exchanged M 
other lands situate nearer to Ferns. On the death of bishop An- 
drews, the dioceses of Leighlin and Ferns remained vacant until 
the restoration of 1660.* 

-A melancholy picture is druMm of the state of decay into whicb 
the established church had fellen, about the period of the atecesnon* 
of bishop Andrews. *' The church of Ireland," says Carte,' '^ was 
at this time in a deplorable condition, the cathedrals in many placea 
destroyed, the parish churches generally ruined, unroofed or unre-' 
paired, the houses of the clergy left desolate, and their possessione 
afienated during the wars and confusions of former times. Most of 
the tithes had been appropriated to monasteries and rdigions houses^ 
and afterwards vested in the crown, or sold to private persona 
and made lay fees. In some dioceses, as in Ferns and Lisigblin^ 
Aere was scarce a living left that was not formed out to the patron, 
or to some person for his use, at two, three, four or five pounds a 
year for a long time, three lives, or a hundred yearsu ■■ The 

Didioprks diemselves, though many in number, yet but* of smdl' 
revenue, having the greatest part of them beoi depauperated' hat 
^ chaiige of religion by absolute grants and Iqng leases, (made 
generally by the popish bishops that conformed), some ef tiiem not* 
able to maintain abishop, and no good benefice near them tk> behdd 
in camm^ndam. Several of &em wera by these means reduced 
ioS&j pounds a year."— Wentworth i^lied himself to the cor^^ 
raction and remedy of these evils, and with some success. 

A.D. 1639. Richard, second son of the first duke of Onnotide^ 
was this year created baron of Cloghgrenan, viscount Tti^ow, and 
earl of .^ran. He died without male issue in 1685. 

4k. D. 1641 . It is now our painfid task to notice one of the most 
disastrous periods in our annals, when fiiom a state of prefeund 
peace, andapparent amity, the country was suddenly plunged intoall 
the horrors of bloodshed aoid massacre. We allude tothe great i^beK 
Son, which broke out on the 23d of October, 164k On a primary 
view, the dreadfid scenes enacted en this occasion seem wholly un»' 
accountable. The Roman Catholics exerdsed their religion witlr 
nearly as much fireedom as was enjoyed by the established chutch 7 
the Idng had exhibited the kmdiest dispositionsr towards theiii, by 
concessions recently granted ; they w»e eligible to the offices of 
^leriff of counties, officers of corporations, &c., without heiotjf 

. . • Harrie't Ware^ Carte's life of Oimoade^. 


fa teka the oatb qt fupnemncy ; nod iUrdieri tiie Boriiitfc 
p«it of tb0 popdation wer« aUi^ Uk A« Englteb, or Proiesteata^ fay 
tib« ties of marrU^«» frieyidiiiq^ aod daily perBomd iftlorooitrBe.*^ 
b il then won^l^Ul ^ that thq qaMe of fto inhuman yiokaca with 
wbid^tha foFoioTy (under each vircutnataaceB), nuwaacred tiieir 
uiiAUfpactingi unprepared ncaghbottns^ ahpuld 9eem knpoasiUe. oC 
^ivina|ii|n i The page of buitpry, however, fiirnishes a ednlioA; 
va there learp the iimaedia^; poaitiya a^u«e ; but the man o£!ihe- 
i^lMdiQ^ who ofMu^ot eompiehend thft blightingy dktertiiig, wi- 
tbering laflaoace of a dark superatiiUoa on^ Ae hitman aiiad^ will 
aliyayafi^ maUe tQ oonceiYe, by what proeeaa meh caataa <xMdiil 
h^ve led to each roeidta. Would that we codd, with truth, omit att 
accounts of the dreadful deeds of these times I Would ^t we 
oould Uoft out atrocitiefii vi4dch are difareditabki equaBy to fauttan 
oatur^ to tike country in which Ihey were enacted^ and to thepeo" 
pie by whom they were perpetrated. 

( The concoctera of this rebeltiouwecie the Roman Ca&ohcpffieetB^ 
and th^ meKibera of theur flock. The lormer deiired to beho&d 
{heir church asceadant in Irelandt tbey wished to obtain the ti&es, 
1^ other advantages ei^joyed by Ae eetablisbed deigy, and, in 
a wordi to raise ^eir retigtoa to its farmer raaki and theoisi^ves^ 
9» its mimatemi to thar pristine wesMh a«d authority. The laity 
had» m consequeace of rebeOiooy been very extensirely deprived 
of Aeir eatajtea, aad now tiiought they had a &vorab^ opportunity 
of effecting a resAwation of them.^ For Ae aocom^ishment of 
thfir objects^ both paprtiea deliberately planned a umversal nm»- 
f^Ci^a ot'.tbe.Pvoteatant inhabit^ts of the country; Uddking timl 
1^ f| coi^pleta <ntffrminatiop of ^ >ettlera| they dboidd aeouis 
l£e kii^dom themadves* And so effecttiaUy did they cany thsir 
da«igna inta anecutioAy that aooordiag to some autkcritiee^ ^ 
aWK^ of PioM^at hmb, womeuji and ohtldcen^ masaaci^ in 
4^ 6l8t three aaoathf of the rebetfiou^ amounted to IH<^<^-t— * 
Wbati^Hst bathe prmciplea of a. fyatem. which laasb to aueh re* 
suits ? But aoiongas the dg^iasi^ ewtra «tfc/mt«af nulla mltae^^ 
out of Ma church theae ia no salvatioii^ wiA others of like ten- 
k%x^^ ai'O ipoulcatv^^ v^y Utile vahie oan be placed.oa the Uivea of 
<< heretics." X% y^. iwttter Of great ref^t, tikat a people natural^ 
of maim |rPOdi<)ualitiecw shoiAA ba eulyeet to a aysten^ pwved to 
l^ so pernicioos to ttie beat interes^ of nankiad. 

A M4iQg iadtvidMsd in the YisbflUien was colonel Riehmd Pfaw* 
keti a y^ui^ieK son of Sir Chrialopher ftunket^ of Dnnsog^ly^ wka 
ha4 mwi^the jbw^ .daughter ol Sir Nicbolaa Bagteal) Int, 
marshal of Ulster.: Qa had extanaKTe eaiuiacfciens in LeiualMv 
^hadsHlKc^M^jddMQa |o iiidttfleiioiftfi^wof fhemHa. joiniA 
theentarpQM, •';,..•!. 

On the 2%id, o| Ofitob^i a geiMut meatfaig of liw ootirau^atMra 
waabf^i atm^iahwene pvtsenl^doid Idaguti^cy edonela Pkmket 
and Symeji Mr. ftlore> and some othera.. They, here made ar«- 

* Caite's life ot Ofoamile. YoU I. p. 154, f Cez. Teftiple. BoritM* 

09 VUM COUNTY OF €4U0W. )A2 

mogeineots for Ito eseecutioB of their ^chtnie ; but colonel %jriio 
had obsenred fib^ absencev^ Sir Moiga|i KiiTaiiagfa, wbo W eo^ 
gaged to be present ;be^ however, assured tbe rest, that be bad no 
doubt Sir Morgan would be in attendance on that night, or early 
HkB^ following mormog. lu al]| there were but eighty of the Con- 
spirators present at ^s meeting ; but the paucity of their numbe^^ 
did not deter them from proceedii^. They resolved to commence 
ibeir work on the next day ; and with this resolution they d^orted^ 
but the discovery of the plot obliged them to fly from the metro^ 
polls, though it did not check their proceedings in the provinces. 

The lords justices (sir William Parsons and sir John Borlaae) 
seem to have used considerable exertion for. the defence of tibe 
state, on being apprised of the intended rebdlion^ '^tiey issued 
commissions to the chief persons in each county, authorising them 
to levy troops, and attack the reb^ ; and in order to prove to 
&e Iu>man Cathdics'that confidence was reposed in them, the go- 
vernment issued these commissions to several noblemen and gen- 
tlemen of that cominunion. This act was not^ bdwever, produc- 
tive of any beneficial result, as many, if not all of the Ilomaa 
Catholics of rank who were thus honoured, afterward^ joined the 
rebels.''^ The f(^owing is the form of the commissions .thus is- 
sued; one of which was addressed to Walter Bagnal^ ^<l<w !^ 
the county of Carlow ; — 


H^. Parsofu. John Borlase. 

'^ Right trusty and well-beloved, we greet you well. Whereas 
divers most d]slo3raI and malignant persons within thi^ kingdom 
have trcdtorously conspired against his n^jesty, his peace, cfown, 
and dignity ; and many of them in e^edution of tbi^ conspiracy, 
are traitorously assembled together in a warlike tnanuer, and havd 
moAt inhumanely made destruction aiid devastittion of lUie pei*d6^ 
and estates of divers of his majesty's good and loyal subjects of 
this kin^m, and taken, slain, and imprisoned great numbers 6{ 
iihem. vTe out of our care and 2eal idt the common good, being 
desirous by all means to suppress the snid treasons and traitors, ana 
to conserve the persons and fortunes of his majesty^s loving sub- 
jects kere in safety ; and to prevent the further spoil and devastti^ 
tion of his majest/s good people here ; do, therefore, hereby t^- 
q^iire and authorise you to levy, raise, imd assemble, aO^ every, ot 
any fte forc^ aiEr well footmen as horsemen within the county oi 
-^-^, giving you hereby, the commaQd in chief of alt the said 
forces ; and hereby ifiird^r requiring, and authorising you, as com- 
mander of them in chief, to arm, array, divide, distribute, dispose, con- 
duct, lead, and govern in chief the ssdd forces, adcording to your best 
^scretion ', aAd according to your, conscience and discretion to proceed 
mesfi^ till they W dead, accorduigasit hath oeen accustomed in time ^f 

^Borlase's Hutory of the execrable Irish Rebellion. Lond, 1680. Temple. 
Hist. Reb. €th £dit. DeB. 17>4. 


open rebflffion ; and also to take, waste^ and spoil their, or any of 
tibeir c^sideSf forts, bouses, holds, goods, and territories afore- 
mentioned, according to your discretion ; further hereby requiring 
and authorising yon to do, execute, and perform all, and singular, 
such other things for examination of persons suspected, discovery 
of tnutors and their adherents, parieying with, and granting pro-' 
taction to them, or any of them, taking up of carts, carriages, 
and other conveniencies, sending and retaining espials, victuallii^ 
die said forces, and other things whatsoever conducing to the pur- 
pose aforementioned, as you in your discretion shall &ink fit, and 
the necessity of the service require ; further hereby requiring and 
authorising you, as commander-in-chief, to constitute and appoint 
soch officers and ministers respectively, for the better performance^ 
and execution of ril and singular the premises, as you in your dis-' 
cretion shall think fit And we do hereby require, and command, 
all and sii^^ar his majesty's sheriffs, officiers, and mftaisters, and 

loving subjects, of and in ^is the county of , and the borders 

thereof, upon l^eir faith and allegiance to his majesty, and to his 
crown, to-be aiding, helping, and assisting to you, in the doing, 
and executing of all and singular, the premises ; tiiis our commis- 
sion to continue during our pleasure only, and for the so doing, 
this shall^be your suffident warrant. 

''Given at his majesty's castle of Dublin, Nov. 1641. 

" R. Dillon, Jo. Temple. 
To our very good "Ja. Ware, Rob. Meredith." 

The earl of Ormonde was appointed lieutenant-general of. tite 

On the 21st Nov. 1641, the Kavanaghs of Ae counties of Car- 
low and Wexford, together with the Byrnes and Tooles of the 
county of Wicklow, appeared openly in rebellion. Having taken 
a fort in the county of Wicl^ow, they extended their devastations 
through the counties of Carlow and Kilkenny.* They next pro^ 
ceeded to the jcounty of Waterford ; but were there defeated by 
Sir William Sellenger, lord president of Munster.t 

The rebels of the north approached to Drogheda, and defeated 
the King's forces at Julian's-town on the 29th November, 1641. 
Thedisfd9ected noblemen and gentlemen now conceived that the time 
had arrived, when they should take an open and decided course. — 
They had long contemplated a defection, and now the &vorable 
crisis seemed at hand. Lord Gormanston called a meeting of 
the county of Meatii, and from this meeting may be dated their 
overt rebellion ; as their proceedings on the occasion led thism into 
violent contact with the government. 

And now a general defection took place. *' Several gentlemen,'' 

says Temple, ^* who in the several counties of the pale were made 

captains, and had received arms from the state for the companies, 

' departed from their obedience, and addressed themselves and their 

•Borlase. fCiote. 

09 THS C09NTT OF. OAfttOW. IM 

dm^tmes wkoU^ to di6 senriM of the rebels, Nidipiils Wliito, 
eeq., son and heir of eir Nichdas Whito»* of Leizlip, was die 
first dial gave the eauMiple about the aecond of December : but he 
oacried die matter so haodsoniely, as his comiMuiy ran away to the 
rebels, as he preteoded, without his conseQ^ or even his know- 
ledge, any longer time befixe their departore. than to gi?e himop- 
pertnnity to come and acquaint the state dierewith, and his ewa 
disaUiity to hinder die same ; bat before it was pos^le to use any 
means m preventiony the men were all gone widi their arms and 
Bumition to' tte rebeb ; many of the othor captains desired no such 
fine cover for their intendonsi but delivered diemselves and their 
.arms up to be disposed as diey should direct, without any further 
son^e or itempliment to the state: whereupon the lords finding 
how notoriondy diey were abused by the very great confidence re* 
posed in such geodemen of the pale, as being made captains, had 
received armsirom them, and perceiving what course they began 
BOW to steer, and how they were resolved to employ their own 
arms against them, they took such order, and with such celerity 
and dil^pence* made stay of several of those arms, which were 
ddivered out for the use of the pale, as of the 1,700 arms distri- 
buted among the several counties thereof they recovered again into 
dieir hands, 950." 

A commission dated the 23rd December, and seventeenth year 
of Charles T.» was issued to certain individuals empowering diem 
to cc^ect evidence on oath touching the murders , outrages, and 
depredations committed by the rebels, since the 23rd October, 1641. 
The following persons were appointed commissioners : Henry Jones, 
dean of Kihnore, Roger Puttock, Randal Adams, William Huthock, 
John Sterne^ William Aldrich, Henry Brereton, and John Wat- 
son, derks. 

. . A considerable mass of evidence was collected in relation to 
the county of Carlow under this commission. We make the foU 
lowing extracts : — 

'' Azme Hill, wife of Arthur Hill, in the county of Catherlogh, 
depoaeth, that as she passed through the county of Wicklo^, WU- 
liam the plaisterer, with nine or ten rebels more, pulled off her 
back a young child of one year and a quarter old, urew it on the 
ground, and trod on it that it died ; stripped herself and four small 
children, who, by the cold they thereby got, since ^ed,-^Sworn. 

** The wife of Jonathan linn and his daughter, were seized 
upon by the rebels near the town of Catherlogh, carried by them 
into alitde wood called Stapletown-wood, and there the mo^er was 
hanged, and the daughter hanged in thehair of her mother's head, as 
is deposed by James Shaw, vicar of Old Leighlin, Jan. 8, 1643. 

** James of Hacketstown, in the county of Cadierlogh, deposeth 
that an Irish gentieman told him and others, that he tunned an 
Englishman woman away that was his servant, and had a child, 
and that before the poor woman and child were gone half a mile, 

* He received a grant in Carlow cOt in the reign of James 1* See p. 199. 


At«ri» Irish \r(imei> simr tbem wifit stones. — Sworn. AfA 91) 

James Shaw, a miniiftory ^posetb^ tiifttalEiM> the cessatton na^ 
trtth t^e frlil^y cDrer9 of Hkem ed&fewed, the priesbi had gWen 
dkettt th^ ^crament*, apoii eoiidfCien they ifonld not apare mafti 
wonia)). or chdd, that* wem Protestants ; and Aat he heard dirers 
of these sar in ahra^ngf matiner, that it did them mtr^h good i» 
vash theh*ti9mdsiD tfi6 blood of tike Pra(«stant9 which tbey- had 
€jMn.*— '<qW?(jj*^," Jan T, lo'wf. 

^♦The examination of Dame Anne^ B^itfer, wftfe unto «r Thomas 
9f^Seej of Ratf^aHn, in the county of Cathertogh, knt. duly 
sirorn, c^Bposeth^ — Thai sifter WaHer Bagnti, of Demlicfaiy, in 
thfe eounty of Catberloghy Esq., and Waiter Batler, with a great 
tramber or men, had in a Ttolent manner entered Idbis deponent's 
honse^ they not nble to resist, they set strict guard orer this. de« 
poaenti her husband and famiTy, and bronght them from tiieir 
setflc^ dweOing nnto . LogfaTin bridge, where they kept herself 
her husband, and* children^ in restraint, for twa weeks ; and fironr 
thence conveyed tbera^ with a strict guard, to Kilkenny, an^ 
there ftey were brought before the lord Mountgarrot; wimre 
Walter Bagnd and James Butler, brothers to the lord Moont 
garrot, did use all means possible to move the said lord ta pot 
9lis deponent, her husband, and femily to death and torture ; al- 
leging^ (^at ^ey were rank puritan Protestants, and desperately 
provoking, and these words, snying, "there's but one way, we 
or they,** meaning Papists or Protestants must perish. . To which 
raaficjona provoc^^tton the s^dd lord did not hearken. And this 
deponent ftirther deposeth^ that Waiter Bagnal, wiMi his rebellious 
company, apprehended Bkbard Lake, an English Protestant, and 
his serv^t, with hi^ wife and four children, and one Ricbard 
"Paylor, of Loghjin-brldg^, his wife and children ; Samuel Hatter 
of the same, his wife and children ; an .English woman ca^^ Jone^; 
a^d her daughter^ and was credibly informed by Dorothy Renals, 
w^ had been several times ah eye-witness of these lamentable 
^ctacles, that she had seen to the onmber of five ^d thiity 
Ehglish going to execution ; and that she hlid seen thenrwhen they 
were executed, tiieir bodies exposed to devouring raren^, and 
not afforded so much as burial. * Another English woman^ who 
was newly delivered of two children in one birth, they violently 
cmn^lea her in her great pain and sickness, to run from her 
chitd-bed, and took Ae infant that was left idive, and dashed his 
brains agwst the stones,, and after threw him into the river of 
like Bs^Tow : and having a piece of salmon to dinner, Mr. Brian 
Kavanagh's wife being with her, she, ti^e said Mrs. Kavaaagh, 
rtftoed to eat any part of the* salmon ; and being demanded the 
reaspn, she said she would never eat any fish that came out of the 
Barrow,, because she had seen several infimts' bodies, and oAer 
carcasses of the English talren up in the weir.-^And d^is deponent 
sfiith, thaji sir Edward Butler did credibly inform her, that James, 
Butler, of Tinyhinch, had hanged and put to death M the English 

0p Mv owfit^ or CMMw, 'Vtl 

ti»t-w»M at Oo^rna miii Wetti^ mMi dt tbcfreftbottte. And fturttMr 
dbt^oMtfi, tkil she being in KHIeenny, a prtsbner in t^MAU tnd 
Innri^ lafMlligeiioe limt eome of heftiswtk cattle wer« brm^l mOSMc 
by Walter Ebgna], sbe ^j»etitidtied fbeibg m giM* ej^trMMy) ¥b 
the lovd of l!lloim%aiToty to peocvttB hm some of faer oitu dalttb 
for bar Mliaf ; wh^opon be recommended Iter kdtl (b^ tili$ Ittayifr 
aad conM>ratidn of KSReexm^; who coneludcid, bc^MMMft rfia* atlt 
ber feniiy weM PlvtestaalBy and u^ofuM not torn td; IMst^'iiie^ 
shcMlAbare no i«Uef* Jan^ Jones^dekir^t to i^ de]M)iMlll^/dt<f ^ 
Hie Eii^ieb' famefiy spedfied^ j^ing to tb^eiteefufkni r aM'aa 
aba ooiwemd weye abcmt tbe namber of fliiitf^Ya ; and iiM'MM 
by Elfidbalfc Homes, tbat Obete were Ibrtf fpasB toexeetMSoM. 

-Sworn, 7A Septembeiy 1$^42; Ak^ib Bnttka. ' 

** Patriok Maxwell, of Graige^ couiity of JKilkenay, ga^ ewoim 
and axanioedy deposetb,* — Tbot tbera were taken out ci Qrmgi^ 
hj tbe nqbela, and haogad to. death, caie Jobn Stone and bk wsifis. 
and bis son; William valentine; Robert Pym and bis wife, oaa 
of tbeir obildren of a year and a balf old, and Tbomas Wbita, a 
mercbant, and bis wife, who, being, f^at with cbild, bad b#r 
bdly ripped up, after sbe was banged, so as the child iAl oi^ of 
the cawl alive; Walter Sbeiiy; Mrs. Ivan Salter, an aacieot 
widow; one J(^, a servant to Stone aforenamed*. The rabals 
Aat banged tfaam were GarretForrestal, of KnockiKre^ aad Gibbea 
Forreetai, of I'ynybincb, and die eldest son of Richard Banspw^ 
alias Fitz-Geraldin, of Knookeen, and divers othei« wboai be 
cannot name, aU of the couply of Catberlogb ; wUefa said Robert 
Pym, after he was banged ap twice^ proved alive u^ bis ' grairs^ 
and struck bis band upon bis breasl^ saying, ^* CbiiBt reoe|VO my 
Boal,*' and with these words in bio inouth was» ftea.and tbar% 
bnried qnick* 

^Geoige Allibone, late of the town and parish of Hacketstown, 
indie county of Catbedogb, geot. now examined, deposetb :r— Tbat 
about or upon the 22d of November, last, about Ten oTlock at 
nigbt, Edmund M'Dowling, of Killevane, in the county of Wick* 
Umt, aad Maia-ioe BanOi of Kihelonab, and Coll M^GMrald Bbme. 
of Bordbili; bolb in the said couuky of Wieklow, witb about^rfsaly 
feraoDa mora., ia their eompany, came to das deponent'o boM sa 
ia Hackotatowti, above said, and bis said bmisa forcibly entered, 
and took away goods bek>i\giiig to diis defendaat, via., boasobold 
paovisioiif. bultoi* aod cheese, bedding, linen, wearing* appandy 
brasBj and otbar bousolMid goods, wiAi aboaft one boadML 
fmada. Tbio' dcpeaent lurdKr smtb, thai upon er>about die Sad 
dayMif tho'Oidd moadi of .November, a son e£ BriiUi M'Pbdiai of 
Onrsiggfrraw^ (w^Mseekristian name tfaia deponent knoiwelii not) 
of.dMoooaty of Wiahldw, Jobn Asbpoeie, oi die TudbniH near 
fiakMiglaso^ in die said eooaty, aad tivn of the sobs oC WSfiam 
Cooke, of Poddermanagb, in the county of Catherlogb, (whose 
cbiistian names this deponent knowedi not), with many others, 

* Temple's HislcMy of the Irish Rebellion. 


^MMidted dii» deponent upon the h%ii.way near Baltioghiafl. aWre 
said, and first disamied him of his sword and pistol^ and ften 
ibrcibly took finom this deponent cattle worth tvfo hundred and 
jyEty pounds, alleging that they ifould and must have them for the 
king's. soldiers. This deponent further saith, that at his &nn. of 
Killdongford in the county of Catherlogh he left cattle worth fifty 
pounds, whiph by reason of this rebellion he could not bring away^ 
but yet kaoveth not who took them. This deponent furlher saitay 
Aat he had justly due and owing to him of good debts almost sixty 
noundsf part due irom such as are now in rebellion^ and die rest 
ming the grater part^ fi'om Protestants by the rebels despoiled 
and unable to make satisfiiction. Tlus deponent fiirther saith, that 
be left behind him at his farm in Hacketstown above said, catde 
worth Ifive pounds, which he is credibly informed were seized upon 
by Bran McOwen Bimeof Hacketstown above Raid. Thisdepo* 
nent further deposelh, that at the mill of Hacketstown he left and 
ma despoiled of com and malt, tools and bedding worth fifteen 
•pounds, upon which mill he is informed that Peter Wickham of 
Talbotstown in the county of Wicklow above said hath entered, 
and in it placed a miller. This deponent fiirther saith, that he 
was by the said rebellion dispossessed of and driven from one 
&rm whereon he dwelt^ his estate in the farm being worth forty 
pounds, and hay and fuel worth twenty pounds — and of one lease, 
in Hacketstown above said, which lie had let out to two several 
tenants, wordi eighty pounds, and of one lease at Killclony worth 
about one hundred pounds, for that this deponent hath lost in all 
by the rebels against our sovereign lord the king, the sum of six 
hundred and twenty pounds, besides what he lost by the undue 
aale of such cattle as he brought to Dublin, twenty pounds, the 
benefit of an increase of rent in a farm near Dublin, worth twenty 
pounds. In idl lost six hundred and sixty pounds. And further 
dus deponent cannot say.— Sworn, March, Ist, 1642. 

Georoe Allibonb."* 
^'John Waiaon, 
Roger Putiocke^" 

A. D. 1642. The army being badly provided for in Dublin, 
^and It being desirable to relieve some forts and towns which bad 
«beeB seized by the rebels, the earl of Ormonde, lieutenant general, 
.marched fnmi the metropolis on the <2nd of April, 16*42, at the 
head of a fi»roe of five hundred horse, and dght thousand foot 
Qb the'^ih he re-took Athy, and on the following day. Sir Patrick 
Wemys was despatched with a detachment to r^eve thecas6e of 
Carlow ; but on his apjnroach; the rebels, whose force amounted 
'to seven hundred men, burned the town and fled, fifty of them 
heing killed in the pursuit Wdnys then succoured the castle, 
withm which he found nearly five himdred English and Protestants 
4ihnosi' starved. He also relieved the neighbouring castle of Clogh* 

f . 

• M98. in Lib. TXJD« 

or VBfi coONtt or cariow. ItS 

grenan. Captain Harman afforded ValaaUe iudto Wtraji infhesO 
affairs.* ^ 

On the 15th of April, an engagement occnmed at Blaci^ale- 
faeatb, about twenty miles from Dubfin, between the king's forces 
under the eari of OmooAde, and those of the confederate CalMies 
oonnnanded by lord Moontgarrett, Sir Morgan Karanagb, cokmel 
Bagnall, &c., The latter were completely defeated, ai^ Colonel 
Kavanagh'd head was bronght to lord Ormonde after lite batlle. 

I6{h November. The confederate Catholics ordered thhty-oho 
thobsand seven hundred men to be raised for their service. The 
number to be levied in the county of Cariow was two tiiousand 
four hundred;' of which, forty horse and four hundred feet w«ra 
ardieiM to attend the general army; the remainder ft^dodnty 
widiin the county. * 

A.D. 1643. Among the various stratagems made nse of by >tte 
rebels 16 embarrass the loyalists^ they adopted one for which ttm 
latter were ipato unprepared, namely, an order issued to all their- 
party not to nail provisions to the English even for ready niooey« 
Against this diabolical device, there was at the time no > defence ; 
atel, therefore, many places of strength were deserted by thiehr 
wavdens. Among the rest, Carlow suffered much in this part^ 

In March, the earl of Ormonde and an army of five hundred 
horse and two thousand five hundred foot marched fix>m Dublin^ 
to oppose the rebels who had possessed themselves of the consider- 
able ' town of New Ro8S» and other places. Orders w^re pre- 
vibnsly given, that provisions for the anny should be sent by sea to 
Dimicannon, and thence by water to Rof>s ; a step whidi was ren- 
dered necessary by the want of horses and waggons, as well n 
^ ** stony and uneven" state of the roads in the counties of Ciur- 
low and Wexford through which they should pass.t On the 4tii 
the eaii took the town of Timdin, with a slaughter of one hundred 
rf the rebels, and from thence nuut^hed to Iiingfalin-bridge, as 'd 
with the intention to pass the river Barrow; when suddenly tuni* 
rog to Ae left, and piissing through Newtown and the moontainona 
parts of the county of Qirlow, he crossed the riv«r Slaney, ' and 
reached Ross on the 1 1th Mareh.| 

The rebels having desired that a new parliament might be calfed,' 
the judges deliv^r€d the following reasons (on the ISSi September 
1643) against compliance witli that requast. The mdanchdy state- 
of each county is rally defncted in this document :. 

*' May it plbasb tour Lordships, 

,- <' According to your lordshipfsorder of the eleventh of Septeoi* 
tambeTi 1643, we have considered of such inconveniencies, as wo 
coaceiTa may arise to his majesty, and his senricey as affiB^n om 
atand^ if Hob present parliainent should be determined^, and hava 

*Coz. Seriate, t I>aaidsnU Curioss Hihemifts. Dub. 1772. t Ibid. 

114 . ^nw^t Avt Aiif iguif up 

rifared ii^Mim^ miJiag, wUcb wt IiiuwUjr freient to ]r««r 
lordriupe' further coovideration. 

*< 11>e greiter pwt rf Ihe faelwJdeni^f t>k» kJMfd^iii »r#»ow in 
aotmd r«bflilii>ii» wlm^y favs m^ty cwgbt to be justly entklAd t^ 
A ikmt fsMM» balb ceol and |»enBoiia) ; 4u» owwot be dene but 
by ttwir flOQviotioQ a«dattaiiidfor» •eiAer by course of cornmon k«r». 
or by «ot lof .pKrUament. By itowee of comiiioii buy it wttl be very 
di£torift to te ^Aeted^ for iMe iiea«Q«s feUowiag. 

f^Fmtt tbaae wbe are iod«9tad mi inott of the oMnties of ibis 
kingdom <Num>t be attaiatod by outlawry, by reason that tha 
AfsiSbof theae ooiintie«» by oocaaitfA of the ftBmvt rebdlien^ 
oaimot heftp Ibeir oomty-ooarii, i» froolaisi) aad make due tt*. 
turn of ib» engenoe: nor can they be attainted by . yerdiol Sk. 
want of jurors, most of all the freeholders in the kingdom beiog 
a^riUNbaUieat. ", 

^ Seeoadly, those that are not indwtedf or those that are already 
kidie^ad^ and. in |N9S0at» or uppn bonds, ciainet be proceeded agnivssi 
If^^fdly ^ dks fcssanoa Jsiw fine want cf |unirs ; beeaiHsa, aa aftne- 
faid^ IQCvst of the freebaldam ar»in rebellion. 

** .Tbercfera et neoessltyi those (persons srast eitbar attt be ikI* 
takilad At all, or only by act (rfpariiaaient, wUeb is scarce poiaiMa 
to be effected, if thw present parliament be dissolved, or 
tiiad; fcr that.i>pon a nswy fariksuft to be aupimaned, 
^ fasigasses SMkSt be elected by Ibe &eeboidars and idbabitants 
rn^ystively^- ilK>st wbereoC are w rsbdiion. Aad yet tbe presaat 
pi|i;Uani^ ^M be discontinued, unless a comaiifiaon mdar Ikm 
gnat seal'Of Bog^aiid to (be now loida juslieeflb orolber AaeUsf 
gavesoar «r jgayeraora for tifae tiaie beings be here before Hkm liMi 
of NiiorOBibar sext» being the day of provogaition, fer ihe hogtn- 
niag of the next session of parlianeot^ to mMi then tocontfawa 
tUs peasaal pariiamaKt; die laat commissioa for Am cuntimmmui 
tii^peof beiag only to Urn larda jastraes^ one wshamiof is ttDsa ranmred; 

. ^^Uokss the parties no9fr jnaieb^a, braig kgaUy attainted^ 
Vfkkt fmm\ be bera^ aa is aforesaid, as 4ba case amt afeaads, bnl 
by.«ct «f fwrlaainiat, bis a s iys st y cannot bnve^Oirar la dispose itf 
tbair astatea, aa m his viadoas be sbaU think fit, either for tba 
increasing of his i^evenues, or for Hie peaoeaUe aatablisfamaait 
of likus aonifliopfinsatth, mi$d iadiSvent admirastratian of jnaCice 

« RwH» Boi»TON Canc&l Geo. $ffimLY, Os%rari) Lowntfti^ 
Ja. Oonnalon, Sa, Mayart>.**» 

The rebels had at this time gained very considerable advaotag€». 
The earl of Castlehaven had taken Ballenanry and Cloghgrenan, 
inaar county ; the soldiers o(f the kbig were badly paid, niafinous, 
and oi^sesaiire to cha people. Under tbese «Hiikiourabla cKroooi' 
atanca^'ibe ssaiqais of Onaonde thongbt it prudent to ^emikdba 
aessntifln of ataiB ; wkicb was accordnigly signed oil the 10tb flap^ 
tember, 1643, The lords justices and council ratified the compact; 

* Borlase'i Hiat. of Reb. p. 13t. 

or THC '00I7MTT Of CARMW. lT5 

^y ** tfonsiderinff &e noMippoptaUd irantt 4Mid mmvmi of ti» 
mnoj, tbe grtot oittreas of many of hk majesty's plllKip■l^rli^ . 
the mminont danger of the whole yngdom, «nd>tfaeiiD|^os8iUlity of 
proaecuting the war witfaoiit large soppMea, whiemof ihey ooalA 
not ftl]|)rabeiid either hope or peeaibilHy in d«e tine» did for <ihoie 
roMooe opQceave it neoesaary for his mi^at/te hoooor aod aorfioe^ 
tba^ the oeaaation shonki be agreed to upon ithe ortiolea iboa drawn' 
up and perfeoted." The ^ollowiiigia oneof fSoB aitidea of cea« 
aalk>n: *^tb»t the sever^ coimtieB of CSatherlogh, &c^ afaally 
during the said cessation, remain in the hands of the said iloaixiD 
Catholic sul^ts now iat arms, &c^ and their fptthy, veoceept such 
oastlesy towna^ lands, territoriei, end iSkse hmds and henBditamento^ 
thereunto belonging, which upon the said Idth day «f Septeodwr,' 
11643^ at the hour aforesaid, are poesesaed withia the ond'toeuaty,- 
by his majesty's Protestant subfecte, aod their aciwreiits^ Tespee« 

This temporary peaoe was aot aatia&dory itoiall oartiea amattf 
the rebels. The Ronfiieh clergy, the old Irish, «b» tiui ' impore* 
riahed portion of the Romaniate deeoended Ibom the Soglish^ wm9- 
partioHlailyawerae toit; as they oonld nerer hope to aeeoutplUk 
Himr vaaoua ebjeeta while peaoe and order prtmEiiled. l^ase par«' 
ties would, tfierefpre, have gindiy broken the 'deasaNiatt intnediatoly 
after its consuttmaiioa. lliey oonftiiiaed to exelaiBi )o«dly ^agaiaal 
it ; knowing, that should the estated gcftitlemea el fiia^in •deeoest 
cmoelay dmrn their arms, it wenld probably be M&ow <lo induce 
them lo embark ^gam in the eaterpiiae ; fiarticidariy, if they eonU 
entertain any hope» tiiat ^leir liKree and estaitea would vew^hi w^ 

OHie aadiniftett<^«i«t 

A.D. 1M4. The mai^nitef Antrim fasva^ prapoeeitoniae 
a body of iraopa for ihe aervioe of ^le king, antyed is KUkeony, 
OR^eSSid rebraary, and made hia plan knownto the Roman 
Catholic council. Upon Antrim's undertakittg to VBiie three thou- 
sand men to assist the marquis of Montrose in Scotland, they ^* re> 
^ solved to losist fakn wit^ two thousand mutfketa, ti^ thousand 
four hmdrndpomids weifbelef powder, preportioniMetMiteh, and 
taio ikunted baradb of oataaeal^ by tiie first of May* foUowin^ ; 
upon bnewJbdge first, that all other eeoOmmedations oecoiionrritig, 
and a safe and convenient port be provided in Ulster, for receiving 
the said anns, amii)unitioi&, and victual; and upon this further pro- 
vil^on, tlhiat the said port be commanded b^ Walter BagnalT, mi 
the men there to be by him appomted, such as in his Judgment 
rtiould be fhotigbt futhful and observant ofjust commands.*^^ Th^ 
marquis of Ormonde, on ifbe part of {he' (ing^ entertained Isome 
suspidons: relative to the reservation in the latter clause of this 
aMcle, and, therefore, he.retumedan answ^ m general terms ; 
stating, that when thdr siypplies were prejpared, a proper place 
for fheir reception would be procured* Considerable ground for 
thf ajpprehen^ione of tbe marquia, aroae from the fact, A|it coloiiel 

• Cox. t Carte's life of Ormoodei VeL I. p. 479. t CMa. 

176 HirroEV -and AsruiumtM 

Bagnall bad some private pretemiom to territoriefi at Newrjr/^ 
^nd ofter places m the north. "Bagnall/' says Carte, "w9» 
undoubtedly a man of honoinr, was cousin-german to the marquis 
of Ormonde, and had given strong appearances, that he would be 
for the king with all his power in case of a rupture with the Irish ; 
but it would have been a great prejudice 4o the king's afiairs in 
Ulster, to put those parts into the hands of a Roman Cathofic, 
nor was it prudent to confide them to any one who had suck par- 
ticular pretensions.*' — The scheme was not acceded to by the 

A.D. 1645. John Battista Rinuocmi, archbishop of Firmano, 
nuncio of the pope, arrived here on the 22nd of October. Well' 
would it ^ve been for the Roman Catholic luty, had this bigotted, 
intoleraint, reckless priest never set his foot on the shores of Ireland* 
Peace was at this period m contemplation between the belligerants ;' 
but the nuncio proceeded to Kilkenny, where the Romish conned 
sal, and used all his influence te^ prevent a cessatioB of hostilities ; 
in which laudable work he was assisted by the clergy of his per^' 
suanon. Their efforts, however, were unsuccessful ; peace was' 
concluded. On the 28th of March, 1646, the treaty was signed 
by the marquis of Ormonde, on the part of the long, and lord 
Muskerry, Sir Robert Talbot, John Dillon, &c., for the confede-' 
rates ; in the presence of the marquis of Clanricarde, lord Digby, 
Sir Maurice Eustace, and Doctor Oerard Fenndl.* 

The nuncio and the Romish clergy, however, persisted in th^ 
opposition* Their views had been overiooked, their ambitious 
desires unattained, their projects unaccomplished ; and eager to 
realize their objects, without any great regard to the consequences 
which must ensue to the laity, these men formally met at Water- 
ford* and issued a most violent manifesto against such of their 
flock as had assisted in restoring peace to this unfortunate land«r 
The following b the document. 


•< Upon the question moved among us, and debated for many^ 
days, whether diey are to be declared as peijured who do receive 
the peace contained in the thirty articles transmitted to us by the 
supreme council, and if they be to be excommunicated as perjured 
persons ? The reasons and opinions of every one being first heard, 
and the writings of some doctors of sacred theology read, it is 
decreed nemine doniradicente, that all and every one of the con- 
federate catholics, who shall adhere to the like peace, or shall 
consent to the idaintainers thereof, or otherwise embrace the same, 

* One of these articles strcmglj exhibits the uncivilized itale of the 
ccmntry : ** 19; That acta, prohibiting ploughing by horse-taili, and buraing 
•f otts ^ tbi itratr, be repealed/* 


>e held ribiolaftdy. perjured, 6ip#cially for tilu oottei ttftttn Atose 
articles tiiere is no nofiatioD msae of the catholic rs^on and ^e 
security thereof^ nor any care had for the consei^ation of the 
privileges 4>f the country ; as is found promised in tlie oath ; but 
latho' all things are referred to the pleasure of the most renowned 
long, from whom in his present state notfiing of certainty can be 
had, and the armies^ and anns, and forts, and even ^ supreme 
council of the confederate catholics, are subjected to the audiority 
and rule of state and protestant officers of his majesty, fix>m whoa^ 
that we raigfat be secure we took diat oath. 

** For which, and many other causes, we being moved only in^ur 
.oonsd^noes, and haying God only before our eyes, that it may be 
known to all and singidar, as well Irish as foreigners, that we have 
neither given nor shall give consent to such a peace, unless secure 
conditions may be added for religion, and for tiie king, and for tho 
oouptry, according to our oath ; and that our flocks and all con- 
federate ca&olics (who in general aesonblies sometimes desired our 
^sentence in this spiritual affair, as only belonging to the ecclesias- 
tical judge) may assuredly know, what hath been by us determined, 
that in that sense, th^ as pious and fiedthful catholics may concur, 
we have, demanded this decree to be written,, and in all places 
published in the English and Irish tongues, and have firmed it 
with our hands and sei^ ; but the other question of excommunica- 
tion we have reserved to the next session ; dated at Waterford the 
I2th of August^ 1646."* 

This document is signed by Francis Edmund, Romish bishop 
of Leighlin, (who seems to have been a most violent clerical agi- 
tator), and several others. 

A decree of excommunication (dated at Kilkenny, 5th October, 
1646) followed. It was issued by Rinuccini and the ecdesiastical 
congregation of both clergies of the kingdom of Ireland ; and was 
folimnated against all such as should adhere to ^e late peace, or 
sluNild bear arms for the heretics of Ireland, or aid and assist them. 

The marquis of Ormonde left Dublin, for Kflkenny, on tbs 
28t2i Aug. 1646. On approaching Cashel, on the 10th Sept., he 
was informed, that Owen O'Neale, commander of the Ulster 
rebds, (who adhered to the nuncio's party and rejected the peace), 
was marching Ipwards him. This intelligence was further con- 
firmed, by a letter from Sir Robert Talbot, wbo advised the mar- 
quis to ti|ko precautions fcK* securing the ford of Moygany, the 
<mly pass, where, without a loQg mardi tiuough .th9 counties of 
Canow and Kildare» to Monastereven, O'Neale's forces could pass 
tte Bairow in cwder to join the Kavanaghs, Byrnes and Tooles, 
en whom the latter commander relied for muck assistance. 

While the marquis was .considering what course he should adopts 
|he earl <^ Casti^ven , came and informed him, that it was die 
intention of O'Neale and Frestpn, the rebd geomJs, t9 cut off 
bis retread and that not a moment was to be lost ; that he should 

5 Cox. Hib. A»g. vol. ii« Appendix, 


itt VUlfOftT AVB AHTtq0IVIVt 

iflMiedtately Mwi^ fiw L0igllni*l)>rMge, ftnd hmriof liiere enibded 
tfcte BarMWPy Itttoa iiy fcftetfd l atHl in u to Dttblin. Hie ttuuN}iafai 
idieftp«tch«i 9vdtrt to ttajor gBcnersi^ Sir Fiwieit Witloaglkby, at 
Oowran^ toaiatclt with att Mt fbr«i9 to Le^Mki-Mdge, and pos- 
Mss Vmmki of that pk»«. ' Wked WMtongliby had admneed to 
in<ilti& tbiPM QiUaK' ^rf* LeigUtiii lie vat infanii«dy tkat coloaei 
'Widtor Ba^^natt, tiith ona hundred nien^ bad aecared the castle at 
ft^ foot of tbe bridg«!. He^ tb em lbtfe, senl tw^oftcen toB^paaDy 
Coleamwliettcriifewastocobtider btmasa frieiid or an enertnr. 
fagnaD courteously replied) tiiat &e passage over ^e bridge ^hotwl 
be ftee, and Hwil Im nigiit eeontiaiid any aecommodaion tibat tbe 
tastle ceidd tffiird. Tbe aaajor geneniP fbund tbe proiAise MBSMl, 
ittid^bairMg^cfoeBed die bridge^ btvoaadBed bis tte&.iaiiii open 
Held;, ivmrabe remaiiied naiil eretikig; wben^ leamhig dial^lbe 
ttirquis el Onoeade bad approadied near Leigb)ki» witbye borse, 
be'despatobed a courier to iDferm bieA> tbatbis meti bad lain ia !be 
Md a considerable portion of Uie day> tbat tliere was not accom- 
flsedatkm lbi» tfaem aiad for tbe bor^ieby wbicb be was aoeompaa^lisd, 
and eaggeirtittg, tbat be riioiidd march to Cariow witb l!he fiMt^ imd 
leaM £e berse in their prssent quarters. To this proj^tiea, tbe 
uutfcifib assented, aaid Sir FVancis proceeded late ifti tbe ereokigf to 
€ale^» where beieamedy that Ow^ O'Neale was matching to 
Ki]0«ftkNi in order to obstruct his progress. Ordeie were hi con- 
eeqaence given^ tbat the troops should march an hc^ur before day 
on the following morning, in order to pass tbat)Aaee before 
O'Neale couM reaeb it ^ fVancis and bk force artived in Dub- 
Hop OBtbe ISdi September, 2#4<» .« 

The nunciQ made a public entry into Kilkenny, on Hie l^b 
September, fin iret btep was to imprison lord^ Muskerry, and 
asosi of the members of tbe supreme Catholic council. Otbdr 
gefltleMen wbo bad been advocates for tbe peace, nnderwent si- 
ittilgr punisiimenU Cokmd BagnaM ^os amo<^ tbe number. <<Tbe 
dergy," Mys Caite^ <' delighted with power, assumed the gotem- 
ttMfnt to tbemeelves : and on the 20d], by a solemn decree, appointed 
It new eomM»l> consisting of fbor bishops and eight ht^men> oi^er^ 
Ing aU the generate to be sutject to their ordera, and inVe^thig 
tbem with l^e same power as &e former council, tliie mmde 
tnok upon himself to be president of this new conncO, and to act 
as euprame moderator in temporals as well as spit^xials/" 
' On the 2oA of No^em|>er, tbe nunoio> with gen^tde WestoA 
iad O'Neale,! made pronositions to* the marqaii^^ef Ortnondfe, Ae 
tliMl ef wbiob wae m felleii« : 

^< Tbat Cbtberkigb, &e., ttidal^ Aegmtisens within the IW- 
testant qaarters, begatrisoned by ^ <eee(fod(ftrafte Catfaolictf, *to 
maiatebi' and kesp tbo' scdd oitiM end pieces fbr the use of our 
gotere^ Ibrd, king Cbatiesi and bis lawfol successors, and for 

Ae Jsfente of tbe said kingdem of Ifebnd/'f 

'->■•. • • 

• Cart«'8 life of Ormon4e» vol. i. . f J)tAi. Cur. Hiber. 



A^ riii^ te' 4tf^Mf lihMd* ptd|>b^fibiis' did dot fbe^ pbao^-' 
renb^ ftbm tH^ W li^txteytiit. 

General CNc^eli^Vi] 
mipfptitiif cod 
Cri^neral Pire^okif 

of ClibiricfU^ On learning tius movemetitot u.neaie. T^u€«l_^ 
llittt fbli fklth $&ourd[ tt<i rej^b^-ih 0ie' contents o^ a letter wntt^' 
diat% t^e'l(»h EXec^lW, fo'A'eMdx^ lieutenant f ^e slip 
^c^of ti^'coMiriumbaticni Wpd; %Vgenend|^r^Qii'^^^ 
m&tch' id eUcOtuft^^ tife viEm 6t tihe n6rt&^ ai^Y, ^"^ 4^imifi; f&af 
lord It^t^ti^t^ tb ibeet 1^ ^M' \&' ibh^^s aVa ceHun^^^ 
Witih which reouest his lordship complied ; when- ili^mU^bf Pi^s- 
ton; hBftOHd tf leHtef ftsmc l&k^ Id m i6a¥qu!# of CUififtiyde, 
staling ^^MhittcOLdm^ywyX^Wlige^mtMibik^^ 
fa8^ froifl hS^ to the tftindO's putiffy, ahd'th^t§:lre Kll atlvliM^raAf^ 
to pi^dcei^iio fii^^ybuf to^xp6e€tMe^»3d<iof a ^^ftf^ui^bB^;' 
Oiar Witt fb Ve at Kittcetmy, oti tMiB ItMEt oiT JT^oaVy M^Wing^;' 
whed lie' dObbtea liorfottlrthtegtt'wiMiia b^ sbf ri^t ByHy^cdtt^t' 
of ttt^ i)liibl0 kingdom, Whi<^ Ttrotfld b^'mttbli ifiof^BfoF Ifis^iilf^^ii^ 
s^rvic^ thfiol t($ attempt tHe 9&tk:^gof ai'i^i^ iip6n thb^*" mM^ 
w«m aiH^cte toltL" The iftarquife r^TvM tcf il^i^ th'e'' iMk^ 6t 
tiie a8fia»bly. 

Ontbe lOHi of Januaiy, 164)^, m Rom^n^ Cmm miiimf 
mit al KakenEfy. The debatefs wei<e carHed dn fbt' thiM nl/i^^ 
vrit^'gifMtYiOlmtc^f b^t^een thb advocated bf peiibi^ ^d th^i^ 6pS'^ 
p6ii«titiEri The nuncio lottdty odA di^atbi^afly ' itivdghed' aj^iiiSCT 
^peim, IM year oOndUded: <<The bishop of tiel^^r 0^7^' 
BtfHt^, « wliO alieayg s&t upod ^ dtifinetit'b^ildi^atthe'ttt^^' 
etfd'df thtf hb^^; ctoifia,' i^ith waving" his hat; nm shhV a 'itbftf^ 
from the udddle sl^at^; and towards th«f dibr, fhit' nd^h^ dOiild'^ 
be Iftai^ fof a long" tiiiie after, but tho' ' re^^eat^d thutfder of T^^bt * 
No, or thafl'tMirie w^kh he first dittritM to theni:"* 

Thd86\i^* advocated the itaaifitebah6ebf theb^i^; nt^lihef^ 
vmfiM\mf of H^si^g'suppli^sftb carry oii a wa?; '^ey'rbmlffflBd'' 
tWUBMtldbQ^ of' thir gt^li'pb«t^ of th'6 Exi^sh' ]M)^MV ^ift'' 
ifar'nairy' ^ iUi'dmAabd; ^d dedab^^U^^^ fim^cbloHi^^dtt;' 
tlfltt^nO't^flOtti^ddWtttilftt^'fbr theirs^^ jniiaibn witT thb" 

fbhs^'oT f^ kif^j th6n r^y de6!itft^g4n>oW^r: *' Tfibr^^'v^^^ 
a^H^kOidbiU^aflsi^er ^HreW/' saysBblliiig^; ''byth^'s^'lJ^bp' 
of tiisMiib;^ nrlo citifigtthat text of Si^fi^tuf^; wfiier^ CbAst'rkWdt^ 
LuifefSfitolh the dedd; r^(hre^e'lhptdM,yiv]AeiVL^ tbotmSre;^ 
that'iiHsesr'ofl^' Saiiotar cam« tb perfeM that stufy^dbiifi^'wbrg^'h'e' 
gitii^l&i daM^eb'nb other sha^ii^ it, tbkn of ' reiAovin^'ifiesfbfie'; ' 
8«j sHU hb; p^Ohn you thM which is withid ybnr'powe^, rl^nibVe^ 
thTMMtef, r^ect thW pbttce, |k-(^e^ on vigbrodsly; andOM wtll d6' 
flUi-TMi Thft'waV iSti^ t^lf' given to tfae'pi^fn^it&f^'a&ii pi'ii- ! 
dim d&tb^itf^ of nikny; g^tfd^to^ whd tborigtit tbie"^ Weight of 
lM'S««$«et dbservbd rtbrb p<di(^ular s&fisfacti6ij to thfe a^gfmiiift' 


unoemong i% And tho9e sacred words a more rational interpreta- 
tion ; yet you must not wonder if it was cried up, since he spoke 
i^ wbo might command applauses with waving his hat/'* 

An order was made hy tiie assembly, that a declaration might 
be drawn up, stating that no culpabUity attached to those who 
<l^cludedthe late peace; while the peace, itself, was declared 
invafid and of no force to all intents and purposes. Before the 
declaration was engrossed, colonel Walter Bagnall, ^' a young 
man," says Bellings, ^ who to the nobleness of his birth, land the 
jplentSfulness of his fortune, had added a great stock of valour, and 
many excellent parts, took occasion to speak after this manner : — 


When I consider the weight and importance of the mattor now 
agitated, I do not wonder that we have spent so many days in the 
£i>ate of it, for the house may then be thought to have satisfied 
W own wisdom, when all objections are laid open and cleared.: 
but when I pbserved men's reasons are rather cried down than 
oonvincedy and that it is an impetuous storm, not a natural tide, 
that raises the sea of our passions to so exorbitant an height, I 
must confess, I look upon it as a sad presage of the many miseries 

i'if Ood prevent thc^m not) which will befal us and our posterity ; 
or I appeal to the consciences of all that hear me, if when we 
ware firat cpmpelled (for compelled we were) for safety of our lives 
and fortunes, ,and the defence of our religion, and our king's rights, 
to. tal^e up arms, we had then, while yet his majesty was in 
]iowQr, able to dilute his cause with probability of 8ucce89, witik 
his rebel subjects o^ England, been o6ered less advantageous con- 
cisions, we had not joyfully accepted them with a thankful sub- 
B^iifision to his gracious pleasure ; and truly I cannot see that im- 
provement in our condition, if we shall prudently weigh all eir- 
cupMstances, which ^ould make us now less willing to acquiesce^ 
We have plenty of arms, you will say, which we then wanted; 
our armies are formed, and our affairs directed by a constant way 
of government ; certainly, it cannot be denied, if the ccmparisoB 
extend nOtfJEuiher than between us and ourselves, and if we make 
our inference without having a nrospect upon our enemy, and 
judging at the same time of Qxe dhange of his condition, the th^ 
tumults with the new confederate ca^olics, we have manifold adr 
vpmtBges, which we then wanted: but when we shall considfir, 
ftat Ihe party in the parliament of England, which hath vowed the 
extirpation of our religion, and was then seconded but by the 
confused clamours of the multitude at London, hath armies at 
present, and the royal fleet at their command ; that they who thep 
were in their dens, and scarce would adventure to hop out of 
their nests, do now fly all England over, and that of the two con- 
current parties^ whose conflict gave us respite to advance thus £ur 
in our work; that party is ready to prevail which threatens oar 
dsstniction : when I say we shall maturely weigh this charge to tto 

« Dffiderata Cor. Hiber. Dab. 1772. 

OP TKB COOKTf 01* CAR&Oir. 1^ 

Wtter in our enemies, we cannot ^be bo partial to omvelvesy as to 
think ofir state so mnch improved beyond theirs^ tiiat "ve should 
now, upqii consideration of that inequality reject those conditioai 
which we would cheerfolly have embraced at nrst ; and it is visibly 
manifiBst; that if we should have inclined to such resolutions at m 
time when our kmg was in a posture to keep the parliament forces 
employed, and so to divert this storm fix>m falling upon us, both 
our own interest, and the dutiful compassion of our sovereign's 
present condition, ought now, in all reason, to move ua, byen** 
deavouring to redeem his majesty from his heavy pressures, to lay 
everlasting obligations of gratitude upon him, and by assisting hir 
party in England, ioh^np & shidd for our defence, which can no 
other ways be dene, than by accepting this peace, concluded and 
published by aa&odty of the kingdom, and by avoiding those' 
severe pumshments which never fail to attend the breach of public 
foidi. The Intter vengeance which was exacted of the lang 0# 
Hungary* for breakiDg, at ^e instance of Cardinal Jufi«i, the' 
pope's legate, tiiat peace which he had newly concluded nvith 
Amurath, the great Turk, ought still to be before our eyes, wherein 
tiie memorable circumstances make it evident, how that crime was 
the object of God's indignation, for Amurath had no soouer lifM 
up those articles to heaven, saying, Christ, if thou be'est a God/ 
as the christians do make thee, revenge the violation of thy namoi 
and this perjury : but the young king who before had so far pre* 
vailed, as he b^eved himself in (he possession of the victoiy, Wae 
instantly repelled, his army entirely 'defeated, himself overcharged' 
widi armour, drowned in a morass, and his evil oounselliM* miser* 
ably butchered* But now, Mr. Plunket, I shall beg the leave of 
the house to recede from the ordinary custom, and to apply my 
spirit to the prelates. My lords, there was a time, when our 
ancestcnrs, at the peril of their fortunes, and with the danger Of 
their persons, sheltered some of you and your predecessors from 
Ihe severity of the laws. They were no niggardly sharers' wiHl' 
you in your wants ; and it cannot be said that the splendour of 
your present condition hath added any thing to the sincere imd 
filial reverence which was then shewed yon. We their posterity, 
have with our blood, and the expense of our substance, asserted 
this advantage you have over them, and reduced the exercise of 
your function from the penalties of the law, and your persons from- 
the persecution to which they were subject We are upon the 
brink of a formidable precipice, reach forth your hand to puU us 
back ; your zeal for the honour of God will be thought no way 
tiie less fervent, that you preserve the Irish nation; and your 
jttdgmei^ will not suffer for the attempt, when you give over upon 
better information* Rescue us^ we beseech you, from those im- 
minent miseries that environ us visibly ; grant somewhat to the me- 
mory of our forefathers, and to the affection we bear you ourselves ; 
let this request find favour with you, made to prevent the violation 
of pubHc feith| and to keep the devouring sword from the throats 
of our wives and our children." 

MS nvrton and antiquitibs 

TSkif MOiilite addfMB obyioiuly affected to^io of Ab 
Ihiirlvaohitioiks wece toofiiody fixed to admi^ of cbangs. The 
]weM wae aecoidtfig^y lejerdM ; and tbas tiie lives and pnqp^^iiee 
ef A0 Boasidil^ity wera j^aced in jeopardy^ and ereDtaally, to 
a gveaft exti^t, lo^ by .the xeeldesB Tidenoe and iosatialiile embi* 
liQOdf ilfaeiiiltonests. 

Du|iog thp BlIktiQg of die aasemUy, tbe dei^ laid 'their iwishea 
Mofte it in writing. They proposed an estoUisl^eat of popery 
all pT^r Indandy not o^Ly in thar own, hat the FjQotortant quarters, 
ikm peosessian of all olinrcheii, bene^ces, and dignitias ecclesias- 
h^ ; w0 itp^al ojT the conunon law sp te as it gave tiie crown 
apy ecclesiastical power, liberty to erect nniTerfsties and schools 
anderlkair osmiegnlations, to appoint proinsioDs to bishoprics, 
digniti^) and livinp as tfuqr had done since tte beginning ai the 
ver» fund tt> exercise their ecdeaa^ttcd jurisdiction in its full ex- 
tSPt. 31iey also demanded a xestoration of all the lands formerly 
trtHpffg ^ abbeys, and olher religious houses in the kingdom.^ 

A^^'1643* Such was now the state of the govemmentin 
Indend» furrounded by enemies ; attacked by the Irish rebels on 
tJM» one bend, and m expectation of hostile proceedings from the 
SogUsh parliameiitary fiirces on die other, that the marquis of 
Qnnpode, of two evils, chose ijiat of delivering Didiltn into tte 
l|ands of the* latter. Meanwhile the Irish proposed an accom* 
aaodfLtion, which flie manpiis reacted, on account of tbeir absurd, 
iadeed» mder the circumstances, we may almost say insane, ie« 
^miseBientB* Time ncae, however, thus gained tp obtijin asupp^ 
of ameannitioa ior the defenoe of Dublin ; but he received no sup 
p&es ferthe o)^ garrisoi^ of the kingdom. The castie of Car* 
Urn, was funoBg thos^ most ^posed to Hie enemy ; and for its 
rriief, tde n^aisquis borrowed siiuty pounds, wldch he forwarded tp 
Major Herman for that purpose. A party of fifiy men, however, 
whmn he ordeiDed to the f laice as a rMoferoement, oopldnot pbtain 
enti:eQfle, ia conse^mce ok it having been invested en the night 
of Apdl 10th, the very day of the termination of a oesaatiaQ 
vhich had beeii agreed on between the parties. The castle re- 
sisted ike attacks of the enemy tifl the 2al of May, vAea it was 

Qa the Sath Jhily, the macquis of Ormonde ^elivoMd DuUin 
t» the pariia^entaiy commissioners, and ^ mbadked ibr Bristol, 
where he attured on the 2^ August ; but bis return bebg desjred 
Vy the military and Protestants, he lai^d fn Irdand ontheMth 
Si^fttember, 1648.. 

On At lltfa January, 1049* the marguie of Ormonde con- 
dudad apeace with the ftpi^iMi Catholics at Kilkenny. This «vent 
haweiwr had no salu^iy ii^ence on the proceedings of die le- 
nuUicans in England ; fi4o, on the Mth January, b^Mfdcd dieir 
Viag. Thus cnied the unhappy rei^ of Charles I. 

*Cvte. t 



TJi^fflfmeg/mm. A-P- UW9, /f AD, IW. 

TfllP remjblicftp paity^ wilji Oliver ;<?WWiW* |4 *W Ml 
were now fiipmplvipt in ^gif^d. The mi^qf^ f f Qnao^^^ ifi 
quality of lord lieutenant of Charles II., continued his exert^i^pijf 
Ineland£>r th^ roy^I eouae* 

In this y^ar, Pre^ton^ the )ate re^el ge^^ienili wUh(4^st^tm 
di9 t^fle of earl pf Cather]ogii, ^ he b«4>ii?e^y f'oc^ed ^i^ ^ 
viscofuit Tfix?ti^' To ihis latter di^ti^c^i^ w^ l^dM a g^^ ^ 
land to the /v^ue of eighthuadr^ pounds p^ f^PfVW* V^ ^vWftP 
enaUe Urn jto support t}ie <i%EUty.. 

Dublin w^ heU by i|he mHibUc9atf^ to W^^ it hi}4 ^99 cl^^ 
ered by lQr4 Onnpp4e jn 1647. He n^w x^oived^ p^iif^ liMlt 
city, Aa4 fo" th^ purpo?^ collected ^U his fer^cap pit l4<^HRrlMq4|% 
from whence l^e iparched theip to €lc^gl^eiUHo> w^er^ bs hft^ #, 
forti^ honse. Consider^le de^^y ^H^cun'e^ k^^ ^FW^ 4f^^f9f§9 
jpfiinds; b^t ibe tnari)!^ haying fit length bor|^\ir^ ^f^t i»jH^^ 
pounds, from Sir James Preston, he )iras e^Ued ^ p^v#pt t^ 
^jb^odizig qf his fpvfi^. 

^t seems thati^ p^csop W^ BocUortjit <Ms|ao90he)#|iMt«0« 
pppd#i|ce T^ Jones, the ggvefi^or pf Dw^l^^ ; fa ^gnt h» ft>p<WBl 
to h^Te comi¥fux4cate4 f^ rc^orf qf |t)e s^f ^ ^ fi|rc«ii3MtDA<^i «tf 
||)e rpya) party. Inptt^t^ «M^ 4% 4wfl# fromCwl»*r, fc» 
siiys, lh»t '^ fhe soldiefQ pf the aniiy ^ecfi «p ^eqi^ ^ Qinpmde^ 
far beyond dieir expectation, that nothing {Hit f( ^44^9 AttlMtH^ 
could prevail asainst him. None hath bipen made privy to our 
proceedings, but geneed Pvest^n, his son eok>»^ Warren, and 
a few other leading men so &r embarked in the work, as a ^j^able 
hath not dropped ^m j^ny of them. Tbis I ^ther Jby Opnonde's 
being friendTy inpted hither to d|pe on Thursday |ast^ thaqgh be 
would not (as we suppose, by ref^<m of tiie ci^utipn fiie^pe given 
iam) commit his person to us, ' ij^liiout his ow^ giia|:ds pf hors^ and 
ho% ; by which adveitisemept we miss^ pf our last oppoi^timity.'^ 
Jt appears^ that a plan was at this time formed to assassin^e the 
mar^itds of Ormonde. Early in June, hf departed fin* DubliiK 
where he siras defjpat^ by co}ime\ Jones at Ri^tfan^es, on ^ 2ii4 
ef August. 

Gmer €romw^ landed at DpbHn, on the 15tfi Augtu^t 

In October, h^ besieged We^lprd^ The man][uifi of Ormonde 
end^vouired m vain to sticcoor the place. Perceiving Ihathj^ couI4 
entertain no hope of success in a battle with Cromwell, he crossed 
the ^cUow mountains and rested at l4ri|^iz^bn^. SeK he 
Was^informed of t)\B su/ccesa of the republicans at Wexford. 

The Romish cl^gv met at Clonmacnoisji on die 4th of De- 
cember^ yi^i^iihfy issued formal acts and declaratipns, all of 



which are signed by Franci$ Edmund, bishop of Leighlin. Bat 
their acts and declarations were now of po avail ; an invincible 
force having made its appearance in the land, which finally depri- 
ved both royalists and Romanists of the possession of Hie country. 

A.D. 1650. An attack on Kilkenny bemg meditated by Crom- 
weO, he ordered colonel Hewson, governor of Dublin, to his aid. 
In March^ the latter left Dublin and took Leighlin-bridge on hii 

The deputy, general Ireton, now marched with part of Hie 
ESnglish army and encamped near Leighlin, where they remained 
for B time, finding good quarters for the men and grass for their 
horses. They continued to sojourn in this neighbourhood, re- 
moving every week or fortnight a mile or two for fi-esh quarters, 
without the occurrence of any remarkable event. About this time, 
tiiey drew near to Carlow castle, which was then well fortified, 
and had a strong garrison, commanded by captain Bellew, firom 
whom the deputy firequently received letters relating to exchange 
of prisoners, and several other concerns. No hostile proceedings 
had, however, occurred, nor had any summons been sent to the 
governor of the castle. But on receiving intelligence of the success 
(^the parliamentary force in Scotland, Ireton resolved on more active 
service here ; believing that under these favourable circumstances 
no forces would be required by the parliament fi:t)m Ireland. He 
inamediately forwarded a summons to his neighbour the governor 
of Carlow casde, and at the same time constructed a bridge ov^ 
&d Barrow near the town, over which he conducted part of 
tiiearmy, and invested the castle. The following is a copy of the 
diaracteristic summons: — 

^* To the Governor of Carlow Castk. 

« Sm, 

*^ We have been you^ gentle neighbour hitherto^ doing little 
more than looking upon you. But the time being come now th^t 
we are like to deal in earnest with your garrison, as effectually and 
speedily as God shall enable us. That I may not be wanting in 
my part to save any of the blood which may be spilled therein, I 
am willing, upon a timely surrender, to give terms to so fair an 
enemy, (especially if I find you inclinable to a more peaceable 
disposition for the future). I thought good, therefore, to send 
you this summons, requiring you to surrender the castle of Carlow, 
with the furniture of war therein, into m;^ hands, for the use of the 
parliament and commonwealth of EIngland, to which I expect your 
present answer. 

<*July the 2nd, 1(550, 

Your humble servant, . 

H. Irjbton/* 


, To which the Govenior retamed this answer:. 


^ For the Lord Deputy mid Commander of tie Parliament 

*^My Lord, 

'' This being your first summons^ I am not at tilus in- 
stant prepared to give any answer to it* I desire three days, time 
to acquaint the lord bishop of Dromore with your lordship's de-^ 
nvmds^ and in tbe meantime, that no acts of hostility be commit- 
ted by your lordship's army, the like being observed by the gar- 
rison ; by that time your lordship shall receive the resolution of 

Your lordship's servant, 

M. BeIiLbw." 
^ Cariow Castle, 3rd of July, 1650. 

To this request Ireton acceded ; and then proceeded to Water- 
lord, leaving Sir Hardress Waller, major general of the foot, with 
a si^cient force to prosecute the siege of Cariow. Sir 'Hardress 
-fljiortly after drew out two cannon, battered a tower belonging to 
the castle, which much discomfited the garrison ; after which he 
cannonaded the town and took it ; when Bellew surrendered and 
agreed to the following articles : 

** The articles of agreement made and concluded by Henry 
Jones, lord of Clougher, major Anthony Moroan, and lieut* 
colonel Philip Fernsly, for and on behalf of the right honourable 
the lord deputy of Ireland, of the one part ; and msnor John 
DuNGAN, captain George Darcy and captain John Wodisson, 
on the part and behalf of captain Bellew, governor of Cariow 
castle, on the other part, dated the 24th of July, 1650. 

I. That the castle of Cariow, with the artillery, provision, arms, 
and ammunition, and all other furniture of war, (except hereafter 
excepted) shall be delivered to Sir Hardress Waller, or to whom 
he shall appoint, within twenty-four hours after the signing hereof^ 
major John Dungan and captain George Darcy shall remain as 

IL That all officers and soldiers within the garrison shall march 
with their horses, and marching arms, &c. ana have a safe coi^voy 
to Lea castle, and a pass for ten days to march to Athlone, and 
carriages allowed them for their goods to said castle, and that the 
said carriages be delivered at Lea castle to said convoy. 

in. That all the musquets within said town shall be allowed to 
marcli, with each of them one pound of powder, bullet^ and match 

IV. That the inhabitants of the said towzr shall have liberty to 
live in said town, and enjoy their com, paying such contributions 
as others in their condition. 

V. That all manner of persons now in the castle of Cariow 
ahall have one month's time allowed them for the removal of their 
goods, and passes to carry them to what places they shall desire. 

VL That George—^ — » servant to colonel Prest^, shall have 

left fifarHMrt At^D" KtmUvrh^ 

tiberty to stay in A^ ((ttMfcii OiiQki^ tW& mUMU», to 

tiHMwtlu^faidNiiMer's^afUiis^fi^ paiif td oai¥y to^Waik^' 

ford siicli goodsy debts^ or money as belongs to his said nn0tB^^ 

VIL That iJl manner of persons now in the castle of CwAmr, 
shall have qaarters for their lives and goods. 

VnV. Tllkf dtf p^rsc^'sh^l^be'ai^^edtyii or stay tte goods, or 
iff6rel^«1&^ei%foA G^'^noiV ih' t&d s&!d dikfie njkm'i^y pi'dt^llte' 
whKt&d#^^. ^ 

££; For tKrfliilVpelfoMbhd^ of dl atid^v^ t1^ $lMir& at^iM, 
a^ th& aMci^ iHi^^M^tt^, the paHies abo^ itr^ndtldJi^d'haVe 
hertittiftb' ^' their faktidfe aiid sealis at tbe h&ixt ofWdrifin tlie* 
mornings Mf 2&&ki^ 1 6d0. 

X. That the 'Said carriages and convoy shall be provided within 
forty-eight hours after deihremg^ up the' castle to'doch 'as' shall 
be appointed by Sir Hardress Waller. 

(^gned) Geohj§;e Darc^j John iJungiin, 

(SMi^mtyrki; Bk nsM succc^^ful at Kilkeiihy, Whel^ h^'M^ 
cottsidfera% aided'by* a party in the toM. *« This tre^^^heV,"^ 
*s«y^€arte; **Was'nbtr grttwti universal, ari6iiig " softf^dmes * ^lih' 
the fears of the inhabitants^ and 66metirii&^ fi^M the CphHi^Hbi};' 
aVftrtCi^ 01^ c6Watdidd*of the g&Wsolia of tii^ tdWnT; aUd' wa^ the 
ciAise'of tlle'los^ of the' castle'df Catherlc^^/' &c. 

H^e fBlli>i«itig pia^sage^ appear^ in a letter df th^' mfar^d^' 
of'Orfnotatde id I'lgply toth^ Rbmish archbisho|^ of Dctblih arid' 
T?i^ :— ** Tilife rfebds have'wlthbat'afty'e'on^fdfefable rte^istance 
frbtii abh>^, taketi C^therfogh, &c. The Ids^ of tbefs'e pl^esi^ 
and the want of bx^ visible pott^^t' to' protect' them, hav^ 
dOftbt!eS^ly induced' xfikxty to cotltHbdte their sub^tanc^T, ahd 
p^r^oiial assistance tbthe'tebels'; frdni wM6h, whether they riiiight 
have be^ tiTithh^ld by^cbtif-di' Ceitdtir^^ We' biovtr not; btCt haVe ndt' 
h^Sii'd of aiiy%iich whi(;b' idStied ag^nst them.^-^ri'ofh Rbsicbitimdil'i; 
theabllof Atf^*; 1650.^ OkMO^tf." 

The castle of Tullow, commanded by colonel Butler, tivie'th^fir' 
year tak^Yi by coloi^s Reytiblds atid'H^wsoh. 

The Rbinish'c6rigtegatiori at Jatne^'s>tbwd'noii^leVieii tif^*; 
aWdta|f tfa^ redt; s6Meh6r8e\iMe^ Datii^ KavAnagU. 

Th6 nf&^uls of Oftnoud^ havin'^ ap>oiilt^ th^ id'afqoi^'df' 
Clanricard^'^ lord' deputy,. departe»d* fof France, otf th^' lith 

A.D; 1 651'. The Rtoikisl^ d6f^, stili busy UpdMtkYal^fk; 
now endeavoured to renew the old confederacy ; aod'asla'pi^eli&i-' 
n&ry step eifcOf^ihttnicatgd^'tiie mai'eiutsof'ClanrTihrd^, atd all' his 
adh^f^its ! to which > they>ad£t^d a strict pr6hibitioii tb \^^^ Ikibll' 
from serving in his army, "The mairiviev^," says Cartfe; ''of* 
thl^ d^rgy: had always been to ca^t off* th^ English gbV^itmlebt, 
aAdtb subject the kihj^oni to som^ foif^igji Rbmaii Catibblib 

• Bdrliifie's H&r. Rfeb. fol. ed. thikMr43r A]»p«iiidt^, p; 9«. 

or TBS OO0NTY OF CABiOT. 187- 

fMM»."* Inpin«Bmordu4pdicy, tlie actii^tttiwt &• told 
d g fty wtre c u i ifiumMl at a synod of the dorgy, aaomUedon te- 
1st SeplMdber, by lemusitioa of die bishop ot TirigUm, as senior- 
Ushop of Leiwier. He was die only Ronish prolate at tiie meat- 
hig, idddi took place at BaOedrohid; bnt die deficiaocy was cor- 
rected 1»y Ibe admisMon of fourteen cfioers of wandanag troops^* 
to dMkMMT of signing tbeir papers. On die S3rd ef September, 
Ibey appointed an envoy t(» invite die dake of Lorraine^ Qi Sonan 
CadMlic), to accept ef die oftoe of protector, of die Idn^lonu 
Tbia proMCt WW eonfirmed at a sidise^pienl needi^of Aedsrm 
held at JaawB's-town*t As if die duke of LofTMnSb even wid^ 
die aaiirtinrn of " die diarcb," could contend against die ininieni^ 
pOTPSi' of Cleat Bittaia ! 

b Fehmary, 16£^2,diemarvii8 of Oanricard feandit adij^aUe 
to retire t> B^hnd. 

Ireland bong now completely subjugated by die parliament^ ite^ 
nentetep was die i^pointment of a bi|^ court of jastice, in ordor 
to hffi^g Id trial die Mipetrators of the murders and outrages oom-> 
BeattedindMearlvJa^oftherebelUon. Colonel Walter Bi^naU 
was condemned by t£s tribunal^ *' on slight pretenoes and ssaall 
eiridence^" says Carte. Sudi was the fiitsd issueof die barlmrous 
and inhnman rebellion of 1641, of die fierce contentions in the 
land, ihe reddess, riolent pioceeaings of die Romish cleigy, and 
the panrerse disposition of die rdMs. 

IMgff of CkarleB II. A.D. 1660, to A.D. I6d5. 

Ow the 8di of May, 1660, Charies XL was proclaimed Icings 
InsAzing die datetoidl public documento, die years of his reiga 
were reckoned firom that (rf the death of his lather, the late 

Partianfent sat at Chichester house, Dublin, on the 8di of May, 


CttAerlogA — Sir John Temple, knt, Master of the RoUc^and 
cae of the Privy Council. 

Sk^augh 0f CMiherlogk^Jchn Temple, Esq., 
knighl^ Sdicitor General. 

Thomas Bordett, Esq, 
BorougA of on IHghlin-^'Sir Francis Buder, knt. ' 

Charles Meredith, Esq. 

* lite of OmOi^ vol. ii. p. 126. flbid. 

2 A 

)80 mgf^ftV ANY) All9ia0lfl«9 

liMiifetar of eig^t^ peroons into Cttglttiidy id- te agsmte -to iMaiMl 
iMtt-k^ ml^tfy kndthait (be emeliM' atf# ftaminalMiif 4|f aile& 
pmoli»tobeP«Mtyl#yed«bMlbd: bjF'bittoftiii^. ' ' ' • 

- l^tli 4^tify 16^1. — Upon coii6id«k«lio«i iiftd o^ ftVepor&madt fiiMH 
liM eetnnlitlj^ei ap^c^nted tocoflsiddt* of tbe b«Bt«xpMietiia for 
hM^ W&aif ibt supply of tbo agieilta'to be ip«i( into E^agiaadi k 
li«^e^ej(A»'«^i|iie8tk)fi^ tbadifao tfmt of three tbotewiik ^tlvc^ 
]ifliidli^i)0tt!id9 befortbwiCb rakfed totirainto tbe pM8eiitBi^^<^ 
1bli9ige»k *ybe seat into Bnglatfdi Ikud 1b«(; tbe m^mbeve afmlhg 
tbfi ^Mk paiti«edttr (toanty) keludia^ tbe citiba and bOANigbfif wWiiii 
Ae UtttM, 46 ^t^Utfr Ihe aota ef one buttdiMl ^6iitida ^a^ alM tiMl 
cities senrbff in tbis bouse for tbe county of Ibe ditf'Oif •Diibliiif ^ik^ 
-Auko^ dnemdred pounds ; making kk a^ tbere^b«ipgliiriyiiinro 
counties, besides tbe county of the said city, tbtW^aiiamUtfare^ 
littiflfr§d pounds ' ' -^il 

I9tbJiily, le^l.^Memoi'aAdmi}; Tbattbe boiis«beapgcAMed 

'0¥^ fidiofdkig'to tbe otdee made yesterday, tbe Hi^beit mniag 

IhrlhecdttWbf Anuagb, aad eitii^saAd borougb^witfaia tbeieaiMi 

AecAared unto tibe beuse tbat tbe^ trbuki bavs^ tbie ^m^^ ene 

It^^bie^ pottidi in readiness by Monday next beiag (be l^fdatb* 

\ht membertl wi^n tbeeount;y<tf CbtbeH^ did tbaoUto §» 
'^IMhitildred|)Ottfl(dlriBore. ' < At • t '. . 

SOtbJuly, 1661.~lii8truc(iofi«'|^ett ti^ tbe |»enibei^ if tii4 
bouse of commons tbat are appointed to attend upon bis sacred 
ttiyesty in England, by order, of tbis bouse. 

1. That they do fortbwitb repair into England, and bumbly 
present unto his majesty the bumble and unanimous address of tbe 
lords spiritual and temporal, and commons, in tbe parliament of 
Ireland assembled. , . 

2. Tbat they do represent to bis majesty tbe impoverished and 
conten)$tibl» retf)lm(7> of .tb# blBVopnpv of Kildare, lieigUin and 
Ferns, and of Clonfert, and in the name of tbis bouse bumbly 

^tmiitB hie. i*fgei|ty iK;ill. be pl^fts^d, open tbe st^tl^moi^.qfrtlus 
l^igdo«y lo aiiAoisiee en4 oommand tbe lord^ jufiticea ctf ti^$ 
knigdAia, anflotfaer c1tte£ge¥ernof :Oi: gqyeinqrs ter^tbe tim^ CH^ii|g> 
to make further additional provision out of such forfeited. Wv4ci''W 
iMW.4:ttee]rted:4]^tof, 0^ ere, iM^.jn|;eiMi«4.<K>b!^ ^^firg^d^ 
majesty's declaration, or otherwise, as his majesty shall thin|; ^ 
80 as the bishopric of Leig^^ aa^ Ferns, formerly and now 
united,. Q9d th^ bishopric of Clonfert may be severally, worth six 
btmdred pounds per amhim ; and tbat Kifd^e being ^^^ (tocbnd 
bishopric of the kingdom, may have such tm add^tieti oM <af the 
(^hyvisibntiforesaid as may make k vfor^ eigbt^ h^d^ed^ pe«inds 
per annum ; whereby their maintenance may in some measi^e be 
auitable to that double boaour wliieb tbe law of God gives that 
office, and to tiaat dignity which the law of tbe land and bfie ma- 
jesty's grace superaddeth to k ; and that the said bishops may re- 
new tbe pateni^fi of those bishoprics with the said additions respec- 
tively; and tbat the said members ' fitirtber supplicate bis miyesty 

OF 7IVI C^WVltT QF 0«fai9W& MB 

ogptiBAed s. find 1^99 that tiieaiMmeibbeitsw «od 

Msidt^e :ag«tots frwa Aec(mv0QfitiDQJh!tbo9eflnli4tetfs:wlM^^ 
kXe to (M g^ «6tltem6iit of Ad «faurdb, tiie jadtftecwaentrf a^t 
OgiaD, and in such other parttovkms ^Ma^ isomim^ thiteiBtik - ^ 

Jw Tli«ttbo]r lender k»B majeoj^ fannihks tfaaoki Hor biv grtdoas 
andprovjdwlvaro in «6isaiif% (Mm, mA i^ otter coiq^arata «iit 
waHed towns, iki ihe handa laf PiofeestaafB^ •and «6 ata|»iriM)«le >iii8 
vtqbstj (tat Ae aamd, vis. Ddblkiy €ork, Yoaghall^.&injidvt 
Limerick, Gal way, WatetefonL and't^ other )ditiinB,1olMi oacpoitAA, 
walMi^n^ awl idl other aei^Miits tfithiii tiiia kiagdom nvitalso- 
enrecy OMtf W 00 contitiiied in the haodt af and i>e inliabitkd hf 
such who shall maniiaat Hhetr conananion witii Ike ohinih of Bna^ 
land, by their taldUg 4fae oath oif flaj^reBiMKry ; pravklfid AatiUirdo 
dot iaVlllidat^ any mercy or fevaiit intoeadad ia liis oiajesly'a debhi- 
ralMm, or.any part thereof, .to any paaticidar ^lersoli lAr penatik 
invaded :ifi. the aaid dedaratiim. ' 

31atJ.a2.)r, M6i»^Fulrtheti iaatsootioaa ibr thanafiA^flataodl^ 
tand appall Ua : i]|i|jeaty, 

Ordevady upon iqaiegitkm^ Aat-tiia anembetoi of lAis hoilae ap* 
poidted to atfinid iipon his ibajaety in Ei^limd^ km iibpowieval %) 
rqpreaHit anto his mlgasty fta condition of ahaaa fwvaotta m^ibae 
Mfe «ra abeady fxady'or'niay hereafbeir &U apon swh ndproitaMe 
JandaaaiaEe tiotworA'AeqaitH^entr payaUe tfaeneont anfo laaioa- 
jasfy^ and tosretXManendilw tarns nnlo hia eiost gfaoioaa eduudaiw 
4d<l% £ir.aiick jremadyjlad relief .as ia hie graat^iadoteakaHJbe 
4hoQght'Bieet ; -aa also that they do irepr^ent unto;kid ttajofllty *tito 
iBonditioa i>f thota |iei^oisB HnAt ^oA iaaaea firomftite lat0 uamfid 
l^otaofa, irf/any hoiwaa, 4aoda> ^naniants or faareditaaiaaM tpfaai- 
HOairar* kotA which they are orafaalllw MOHPvad ky la«Md«atki»- 
talyv a4id Aat they may kwre a^aal aalnfeotidn^r tkeir.diiAcai(a^ 
«iaM> id lika aMuuier and ftrm jaa Iba advaBtafiai*s aad aaldiaaa 
«fe<to ha#a by kia anjasty's ktoignaciona declanttkmaf tla )MMi 
af Narasik^^ laat ^ and Ike aaid meaibars aire liiitker appoililad 
hamUy to ceaominend And flahant it onto kia aMuaaty^s oonfi* 
daMbtkm,. Akt^wOwa all die forfeited lands .in tba cdanQr of C^er- 
lagfi m» a^ ant to adaantarar^aod aaldiera that airp faaioiiad Irom 
iaa gaaialt Ae 4nka of <3nDondB^8 lands, if aaj' adiitenturcr ar a^Idiei*^ 
ao^«n«inraiiU ishaU, Arengk tka deficincy af ^wftitad kaids kitiuit 
Kmrniy, wt\Si» nnaalicfied, anoi4iB|ftolkoiaid<d4iokkntion> 4kat 
Ih^ iQwy ba rapfkoed m anch way aitdmanner mhm majaBl^ ikidl 

l7th Daattabar, l661i-^PtopDaafe of both kensaa Ko.flva hiMs 
pMkHSB about the Irifih, .and for preaenring Ike fmblic peace. ' 

To return the thanks of both houses to the right honoraMa ike 
lordii jvMliaafl^ far that their fordshipB have been pkaaad to ^bike 
aaeh oaue df te pabUc peaoa of this kkafdom, and tkat ^r 
laadahips waie pleased, to aoquamt the koaae \ritb the papera of in- 
telligence come into their lordships' hands. 

"Hiat their lordships would be pleased to toke a strict course for 


190 fllSTORT AND AWtt^JOiTm 

Ute proUbidDf aiiy pmont to Ihre in ttiy of tbe dSes, wJh i d 
|owiM| or ffanisoDi of this ktogdoniy wbo Mive beon b Aelafte re- 
•b^ODy or nved in the Iftthquaiten^ except tQchwlM) are dedared 
iBDOcenty or otberwke excited in his majesty's declarations, or 
such as dirir kirdshipe shall hcense. 

That in rq^ard priests, jesnits, and firiars have been liie constant 
fncoidiilries of flie rebelhon in dus kii^|dom, that therefore tfaejr, 
and fliose wbo hare been Ao chief heads of Uie rebelliony togetiier 
with other iil-affected persons, be se^iu^, except such as thw 
.lordships shall think fit to dispense wi^al. 

That tramed*bands be established in the respeetive counties of 
tills kingdom, and that they may consist only of suck Pitrtestants 
«s are weB aflbcted to tiie pres e nt government 

Parliament was dissolved, 8di August, 1666. 

Robert Price was iqppc^ted to die bishopric of Lei^Un and 
Ferns in 1661. He was son of Colonel William Price of Rhewlas, 
Merionethshire* He successively obtained the cdSces of vicar of 
Towyn, Merioneth, chancellor of the church of Bangor, dean of 
Comior, and chaplain to Thomas, eari of Strafford, Iwd lieutenant 
of Irdnid. He held the rank of doctor of laws in the oniversity 
of Dublin ; having been educated at Christ-diurch college, Oxford, 
where he took his degne of master of arts. Doctor Price was 
consecrated bishop of Leighlinand Ferns at Si Patrick's, DaUin, 
on the 27ik January, 1661, the letters patent for his creation, 
mandate for consecration, and writ of restitution to the temporalitiei^ 
bearing d^ the Idth of the same montii. He was permitted to 
hold the rectory of Killeban in cammeffdam, and was granted the 
BMsne pnAts from the deatii of bishop Andrews. He suffared 
muchfor the royal cause, while dean of Connor; by which he had 
datms snflkientiy stroi^ to procure him promotion. We are told 
by Bishop Dopping, that had he lived, he would have been advanced 
to the see of Banfor; -but Carte states, that it was St David's t» 
which he would have been appointed. He died at DoUin on the 
26tii May, 1666, and was interred in St Patrick's catiiedraL 
Neitiier monument or inscription was placed over his remains.* 

Richard Boyle, doctor of divinity, dean of Limerick, (to wUdi 
oiBcebewas presented onthe5tii February, 1661), succeeded 
Doctor Price. He was indebted for his advancement to the fovour 
(rftbe duke of Ormonde, then lord lieutenant of Ireland. His 
promotiontookplacebyletterspatent, dated tiie 7th of June, 1606; 
with tibe reetory of Killeban in commendam. He was consecrated 
in Christ-dinrch, Dublin, on the 10th January follonring, by 
Mi'cbael, archbidipp of Dublin, and other assisti^ prelates. He 
died <tf a palsy at Leigfalm in 16iB2, and was buried in the^»thedbal 

In Hie important act of settlement and die act of explanation we 
find references to our county. In ** His Majbstv's enACious 


• Harris'* Ware. WilKs; 

or TB& COONTY or CAMI^W« 191 

ttts or AtnmmaMM, noimsn, and onoE his ' ftUftjMrt 
TBBABy"* we raid as Mlowt : 

— ^^ Aad that such adventann) addier, orodier peraona^ whd 
lisrc been, %» shaU be lemevcd from tiie eatafte of James, laid 
marquess of Ormonde, lord steward of oar boosehold, for what 
he posaest diereof, for adveDtiire or arrears, shall be reprized in 
tiia coenty of Catheilough for the same ; erery person so to be 
retnoved flhall not be aco^Mnptidde for the profits he received^ iiiAu^ 
he or they enjoyed sach estates.^-*-* 

<< Gicem ai our court ai WkUehoU iht 90ih dof qf 
Nmf.ie60. In the iwe^h year rf ow rHgnr 


— — ^ And to the end yon may die more readUy proeeed in re- 
prizing such as in oar sua declaration are to be reprized, being te 
be removed from off the estate of any person or perBens 
restored to their former estates, you are forthwith to make op hooka 
of all the forf«ted nndisposed lands in Irdancf, and not bofore^ 
assigned for satiefacdqn of the deficient adventurers, or reprizing 
the adventurers and soldiers, the incumbrances on their estates, in 
which you are carefully to set down all the forfeited lands m the 
county of Cathbblaoh by themselves, and all the forfeited lands 
in the baronies of Barrimore and Mnskry by themselves ; die one 
bring appomted for the reprisal of such as are removed firom off 
the estate of James, lord marquess of Ormonde, lord steward of 
our honsdiold, and the other to satisfy decrees of the inuoeeat 
papists inhabitants of Cork, Tonghal, and Kinsale ; in the doinff 
whereof, yon are to appoint what quarter or point of the said 
county of CATHsaLAOH, and die said baronies of Barrimore and 
Musloy to begin withal, and accordingly to make up the said book 
or catalogue of the said lands by way of contiguity, with as modi 
incBfferenoe and impartiality as may be . 

^ Tou are to prepare an exact list of the respective adventorersy 
soldierB, and odiers, removed from off the estate of James, lord 
marquess of Ormonde, lord steward of our household, by diem- 
selves ; — — and accordingly, so much of the lands in the said 
county of Catherlagh as wiu suffice, shall be set out to die said 
adventurers and soldiers removed firom off the lord nmrquess of 
Ormonde's estate, as aforesaid.''—-—^ 

From the Act itself : 

<< And be it also enacted, that all adventurers, soldiers, their 
heirs and assigns, whose adventures and lots were set out of the 
lands of James, duke of Ormonde, and who have not been yet 
reprized, shall be satisfied ouf of the remaining ferieited lands in the 
coinrty of Catherlcf h, and also out of the respective moieties of 
the ten coonties ap^inted foir satisfaction of adventurers aad 

** And be it further enacted, that those adventurers and sddiers, 
thar heirs or assigns, whose adventures or lots were set out of the 

• Fristtd 16et. 


l^ndfl of Jamc^i duke of Ormoiufey and liaye been jemoe xemoyed 
from Ae same, and have ^ad Ly Hs m^esty's commissioners for 
executing his {[radons declaration, other lands set oat, ordered or 
igppointed is Uie county of CadierIogh« towards their renrizal and 
satis&ction, be and are hereby confirmed in so much of the said 
Icmda in their respective orders named, as shall be equal in valuei 
worth and purchase with those from which they have been removed, 
as afioresai^ and shall hold and enjov the same to them, their heirs 
and assigns for evei^y which said lands shall be immediately put oul 
»of coarfre ia his majesty'« court of exchequer in Ireland, reserving 
4iie ohi^ rents according to his msgesty^s declaration, any thing in 
this present act contained or otiierwise to the contrary tbereoi in 
anywise notwithstanding/' 

in the '^ Att explanatory of the act of settlement/' we find as 
foll«ms t 

■ ■■ ■> ' ** And it is likewide dedared, that the adventurers and 
toldiert, their heirs, executors, and assigns, who have voluntarily 
reHnquishfed or been remorted from the estate of Jamea, duke ut 
Ormottde, and pot into possession of any either lands iti the county 
of Cathedagh, nat since decreed away from them, and all others 
who have relinquished any lands Whereof they were possessed the 
Berenih day of May, one thousand six hundi^, fifty and nine, it. 
dbiftdietice to his majegity'ft letters, and have since been removed to 
oth^ lands not decreed away from them, shall have like liberty of 
i^tkhnng the lands whereof they are now possessed, or so xtiadh 
tt^raof as tlhall b& adjudged to amonnt to his or their fall two third 
patts, tis he or ihey might have had if they had been so possessed 
upon tSie seventh day of May, one thousand six hundred, fifty and 
nine, and what is wanting t>t two ihntl parts shall be made ap and 
sfopplied by the cornndsstoosrs out of some other foi&lt^d lands by 
ifaem to be ifllotted^* 

In the " Act of sefOemeiit'* 
• ^ IProvided always, and be it fiirther enacted, by the aaitiority 
liibresald, that any tlause^ aehtence, matter or l^bg in this net, 
or in any other 'act or acts passed or made, or to be passed or 
made in this present pailiSEuxient, contained, mentioned, or expressed, 
isftian not or may attaint, or convict, or be otherwise prejudicial 
vmto Dudly Ba^el, £2sq., son and heir of Walter Bagnel, late Of 
Dunlickny in £e county of Catherlogh, Bsq., deceased, not to 
Henry Bagpel, brother of the said Oudly, nor to Catharine Corbet, 
ttfit^ Be^epoel, sisti^ of the said Ducdy, nor to the heirs or issues 
hwfiillv begtftten of lhe said WdterBa^nel, Dudly Bagbe], Hetty 
Bagt^ev or Ctith^irie Corbet, aKas Bagnel, nor.of {^t(y o'r ellher 
of fbem : and that lire Baid Dudly .Bagnel, Henry l^agti^L and 
CaftdMine Corbet, alid$ Bagnd, aiid every of them, add the 
titers and asisigns of every of ihem respectiveiy, ^all have 
hold and enjoy their . respective , estates and interests in la^V and 
equity in aR and everv the dasties, lorAships, manors, seigaiories, 
heads, tenements, rents, teverglons, remainders, andheremtaments, 
with iheir and every of their appurtenances, which did of nght 

Utoi^ or apptttaan utito tbt 9«U: Walto Bigii< ofc iriMlftrf Jit 
wa9MZ6d;-« o§ faketfeite e£ iobifitifiice in «06, pos9ttiifB^'or 
t«iiialiide», 'on tiie tfare»and tirentietfa ^y of Octobov ut ^ JW 
cf oar Lord, oad t^ioiisaBil* ax hiin<irod «mI fiirtfiOBe^; qr at any 
time aHor -mtf act or aets^ ordinatiQe or oidiiiancaay' nmtter or 
iMlterBy tfaiti^ or thlngSy deiift or to be donct in tUs prescnfa'paHHi^ 
Mtnt^ ar atherwM at anjf tone naoeHie <sbree and tnnenlietii day 
of Ooiabery otie ihoMaBd^ six huadred andfi^rty^ono, to tbedamage^ 
pMfdKce^ orkamof tharsaid Walt^BagBel>: his keka wasaigaB; 
to Hm contrary aotwithstonding. 

^ Pft>irfdad ahra^y aodiboitenacted^ tha^ aei^er-tiiiafraMat 
aet ttot any tilings tfaereia cpntafaied;. da any waya praju4iea oc tend 
hi any OMatier to alter any ngh^.^i^. interest, mortgf^g qr leaaa 
tl\at Sir John Temple, master of the- roUs in tilia kingd^m^ or hii 
late mpther the Ijetdy Temple had in the year one thousand six 
hundred. ,and forty, to any lan(is, tenements, dr Iher^diliaments; 
belonging toWalter Bagnel, E^q., late fadier of, th^^ si^ Diidly 
Bagnd, lying or being within the county of Camerlogn*: sisTing 
He^rAfeleae to ail ande^^ry person and per^ne, bodies pi^U.tic^and 
aarporate, their beirs^ execirtors, . EiucMses^orB and asfNgn^t^.svwI^ 
xi^^bt aadljtla either in law or eqiuty,, and «uch benefit a^ ^yapr 
«ige of n>denptk» whi«A they or a«y of tb«a could or miglithavi 
bad either in Jaw or equity, as fully apd amply a9 if th^ p^^oyisf 
last before nentiooed had ..never^ b^n had Qv xmi»j ,afiy 
in the caid proviso to the contrary her^f ])6twUh^tani4iv^<<'' 

Tka '^ Aei eti^lanaiorif qf ik^t Act pf SfittUm^R^l fiOffm^ 
thefoUowing: ...x . ' ;, 

^ Ami it is fiartiier enaeted, by th^ autJ^itdty aforasai4f '^^, .^ 
aari ^ GUmrickard, earl of Q^iikhkyeii^, J^fpn'oughi ^1 of W^)r 
ipiiii, tfaaenrl of €]asicarly,.lord v»icx)iwt.C)il)on, Sip9i9ni.]iiUt^4 
Do^B^gnel, £aq., Hes^y Sagoel, Cat Wiiie Corbel^.. Ij^baobj 
PtaaceU, £aq«^ ajadsucb oiliers ¥fhQ are particularly mentionefi m 
lhe^«aid fanner aet to be restored to theu; estaties, aa^ t t ^ f eijtL 
tharebyt are actoally restored without any preyi9u^, F^pri?^ 
their Mi .every eS Aeir exeputors and aa^goae^ 4^1 
ftond and. continue reato;?^ to aud yested ia ^a^k tibj^ir estat^ 
ftereby intended^ and shall have and enjoy iht^ hvd^ taoamients, 
and bereditoincnts^ atid all other the benem ^nd adyfii^tpg^ of the 
aaid foanariMN: in ^ndi xafinwr mi form b^ f<w «uph e^tataa and 
mA flick privileges, UamunitMa aad disdwi^ges Jr^pect^vely a« ia 
and by tbe said former aci are.ia^ntiem^d and expressed : never* 
Aatesa it is bereby decbuned^ l-bat tbia. institution: and cpnfirjiialjion 
ja ae6 to eKtond. to any Unda,. tai»einenti5 or bereditaiwents other 
Iftaa $nri» 4a Hii tndy and without fraud upon the two and twentieth 
of Oatober^kme thousand mx, bundoed ax^ fi^rty end one, bdpng to 
and wera enjoyed by the aaid perwme er soope of them, their or eom^ 
of their ancestors or heirs, or were in the possession and seizin of 
aoqie otbere in trust for thm or t^oma of them, or he particularly ex- 
fweiaed n^ several and retpeotive clauses of the said former ai;t; 
and to the end it may more clearly appear how much land the pev- 

ItM . swsqmt And AKTiaumiBs 

tons tiannSA axh indY entitled unto by rirtue of diis or the teid 
ibnner act^ endhow mr the peraons who are or shall be diqpoe« 
awed by diem or any of them ought to be relieved by yirtne of 
this act, it is further enacted, that all and every the perMMis alore- 
aaid who claim any benefit by the clauses aforesaid she)! make out 
finch their title as to the several parcels of land which they demand 
before the commissioners for executioii of this act within such time 
as shall be limited by die commissioners and take out tb^ decrees 
fbt so much as shall be allowed upon their claims, and in de&nlt 
thereof shall forfeit two years' value of tiie lands in their or any of 
their possessions respectivdy or in the ]k)S8essioii of their tenants 
or trostees, one moiety to the king's majesty, the other to the in- 
fonaer, to be recovered in like manner as odier forfeitures 
this act appointed to be recovered." 


A.0, 1666—1684. 

To Jmnes, duke of Ormonde. — Carrigneslane, five hundred 
and one acres, (^ht hundred and eleven acres two roods and six 
perches statute measure), ten pounds two shillings and ten pence 
three fiurdungs. — Killmolish, ninety six acres three roods, (one 
hundred and fifty-six acres two roods and thirty»six perches statute 
measure), one pound nineteen shillings and two pence farthing.-* 
MizeU, four hundred and durty-eight acres and one rood, (sevai 
hundred and nine, acres diree- roods and twenty perches statute), 
e^t pounds seventeen shillings and five pence three iarthings.— 
Shri^, tkne hundred trnd forty-six acres, (diree hundred and sixty 
acres one rood and diirty*five perches statute), seven pounds and 
liiree half-pence.^ — Oarran Pursin Killcoole, one hundred and 
twenty-four acres, (two hundred acres three roods and eighteen 
perdhes statute), two pounds ten shillings and two pence half- 
penny. — Ballymogie, one hundred and eighty-four acres, (two 
hundred and ninety-eight acres and. eight perches statute), three 
pounds fourteen shillings and six pence forthing. — 'Ballykealy, km 
bundred and sixty-nine acres two roods, (seven hundred and sixty 
acres two roods and two perches statute), nine pounds ten shillings 
anddufee half»pence« — Ballywadnim alias Bsdlyvardmm, part of 
Baliykealy, Tobergurtine, pared of Mizell, Graigne^iedoge, 
twenty-four acres, (thirty-eight acres three roods andjtwenty 
perdies statute), nine shillings and eight pence halfpenny. — ;C]on* 
raacflhenine, one hundred and nvteen acres and one rood, (one 
liundred and eighty-eight acres one rood and nine perches stotote), 
two pounds seven sb^lings and a penny.-— Teaaple- Peter, half, 
sixty-six acres three roods and twent perchesy, (one hundred ahd^ 
eight acres one rood and fourteen perches statute), one pound 

0^ When the acreable eontents of the above g^rants are ^ven, both ia 
Iriflh phmtatioB and £iigHflh statute ineasurt, tiie latter is enelosed (thw)* 
The sijUM ^ecified are the quit^renta reserved by Uie crown. 


mfwn tUilHigs and Ikree tetfmig«.-^alliiiniA> <Mn tattJM ^'ttii 
twenty aeresy (onebondfodfaftid nineiy-few 80Pte>«iit MiN^'vmd 
tfretfe}'-oti6 perclieB statute), ft wo pounds 'C(^||bt«lHtHig^ 
Tenee ;ferthmg.— ^SkaDgftny, fMu* faimdred and Hilrteea mtmfUfhi 
hundred and mxty-eight acres, three roods^ andl)Mrt]r«HiuilifmM8 
ftatotiO' ®^|^ poBoAi «6ven shillkigA and two penke^^-^i^yiidliney 
ene-diird part of EU^Nirufi^ BbllygfoddemNm, 4wty1i«iliiPCNft mm, 
(three hoi^diied and t«i«nty-tfaree acres Ihree Wnida anA Hiht|f'4l^e 
Btat), fear pounds anil one shfiling. — Btdlymogelsiiie, onethitoidfM 
and mghty-^ree aeree and^ree roods, (two iitindred«Jn4»aket]r- 
nine acres one «ood and tiiree perches statute)/ three pooodv four- 
teen lifhiHmgs and 4en penee.— -Bailygerrell or Barrett, Ibree hnii- 
dred and fifty aeres afid one rood, (five hundred and -eiitfyJise^en 
•«ere8 one rood and tfurteen perches statute), sevcta pounds oncT'M- 
.Kag aad ten pence.— Ballywalden, parcel df ^lygarre^ '^^^' 
five aeres three roods, (6eveaty->fear acres «nd eighteen ^eHMs 
tlitete), dghteen shilKngs and six pence. — ^Niehomowne, part of 
Brfllyfcealy a for es a id, Bogganhegg and Bogganaiore ; 4iar. <Porth, 
cowkr CvAo/w.—Ikaed 1 ^k 'Hifvemher 1 8M year.^i C&rti. MM 
Amg.) tnrotted in the E:tokegt§er, 19^A Dwmi&tflMd* 

Sir Jakn Thnple^ knt», Masier af the Htf^.-^Jargan 'diu 
Bdlycamy, one nundred and stirty-ntne acres one rood.-'-^^slie- 
4o#ne, one hundred and forty-five acres.— ^PlirliOj one'httudred arid 
eigh^^«oQB acres and two roods ; barony and county ef €ario«r.*— 
Totu ^juantity, four hundred and «mety-frre aeres tlitoe reeils 
plantation^ (eight hundred and two acres Areeroedp and '€ltf¥Ou 
perdies statute.) TotiA rent, ten pounds and e^KU peoee<thfaa 
;!artUng8.— 4>«l^ i^M Junt IBM y9ar.—{Ceri. 21M M^i)^ 
InreOed 5th Jufy, 1M6. 

ArHiwt^ mri of Anglesey. — ^Lhkldnstowiiey two httdfed «nd 
•rfMy-^iree acres and one rood, ivve pounds six #hllRng« «id 
• sat^en'pence' fifftiung.-^jQoftengrowen, forty«foar aeres two roods, 
^rij^teen shfflings and one farthing ; barony and county of Carlow. 
^Daie'MtA June, I8M year.^Inroikdfkk Jnfy, I#t6. 

'Gf ir»9^fiifr Thomas jPl^^or^.-^HIeurry, three hundrM and 
"fiSiteen acres, ;bix pounds six slfflings bxA nine pence ftrfMsg.*- 
If oogherrine or Mongeherin, two hundred and 'forty'lbnr aoras 
•e a eroed, four pounds eighteen shiUings and eleren pence.-^-^one- 
^gaule, three hundred and thirty-nine acres, six pounds seToateen 
'SMBttgs and 'three pence larthing.— ^BaUyredmond, two hundred 
and twenty-lliree acres, four 'pounds ten shBlings and titfoe penee 
"three -ftrfhings; barony 6f St. 'Mullan alias Forth, county CaN 
'hm.^Daie \5ih Jan. Wihyeftr.-^Inr^Ued'^rd. Mareh,Mt§. 

"Samuel Blac^well, Esq.-^lMite Poliardstown, one hundred 

and sixty-six acres prof., fifteen acres unprof.,-tfaree pounds setin 

-iinfingsand twopence three nrthinge.— In UighKn, six- hundred 

and^x aeres, twdyegpounds five shilKngs and fourpencethreofiiF- 

'lAings. — Johnstown, -fimr hundred and two aeres one roctf and 

't|urty»4wo pereheft prof., seventeen acres unpio£ oight 'pcmnds 

486 . USTOBT ibVD AKTIQPlTias 

Amo aUliiigs and eleFMi pence three CMilmigB.---IGei!Dftii8town aline 

•CeKgiB^<Mie hnadBed aad absty acrea proC eigfaty-tiiree aorea tlaee 

. jRaeda* wmp^n Area ponoda four ehillmga andnine pence halfjpenny ; 

teitmy «pd eomty Carlow. — Date 2l9t March, 19M ^aar« — 


> Gqrtatii TAmnm A'eto&ti^A.f-Clogbiagk alias Clogfaaney, 
•jaw kanirad rad fifty tiiree acrea plantation, (seven hundrad wd 
ttii^rtiiree acres tkree roods and six perebes stat)) nine pounds 
Ikree siblings and five pence £Euiilung;t>aimy and c^ 
'^Ska0 UiA Decemi4rl9iA^ear. UroUed 7th February, 1666. 

Petegriae PriUjf gewt. — ^The casdei town and lands of Dim- 
gllistofme and New Gard^i, two kuodred and ninety-six acres 
•OM food and five perches plantation, (fonr hundred and sevaity-< 
WHO acres three roods and twenty-mght perches statute), six 
poqads ; barony and county of Carlow.*— Ai/e 28<A Fehruury, 
mh yea€.—lnroUed 20M June,, 1667. 

Sir Richard Kennedy, knt.^ second baron of the exehefuer, 
^— JRaftn^geraghi four hundred and twenty- six aores. — Drommgh^ 
two hundred .and twenty-five a4ires.— ^letughty, four hundred 
^l forty acres.— Ejiocloieaiumne, two hundred and fifty-tiiree 
atfres j^of. fifty actBs unprof^-^-Miltown, one hundred and two 
aires prcrf*. sixty acres unprof.— Crarryhill, Killraghin alias Tia- 
iwgtiini twenty acres prof, sixty acres unprof.—^Ballidoher alias 
JMlyduriey, tiurty-two acres. — Clonfiuiyy three aores pro£, two 
' acres uapro£ Ballinkillibegg, twenty acres prod thirty acnes un- 
pao&; barony of Idrone ShanOy one hundred and sixty-three acres. 
Jlpookdrumnagh and Knockilldacragh ; oae hundred seventy-£ye 
«eras*-*r-Rahim€«i and Bellalagh, four hundred and six acres and 
two roods ; barony of F(Hih. — Total quantity, (three thousaad 
aucbundiiad wty-foor acres tiluee roods and twenty perohes stat) 
Total mot forty-five pounds sixteen iduUings and three half-penee. 
Tw^JOateOth December, Idthyear.-^InroUed \7th March, 1667. 

Themae Crceethwaiie.--^KneeieUmn and Morreatown, three 
hundred and seventeen acres. — ^Ardnehue (part) one hundred and 
aeventy^eight acres; barony of Carlow. Total quantity, four 
hundred and ninetyTfive acres plantation, (eight hundred and one 
•ores three roods and eleven pei<ches statute). Total rent, ten 
pounds and five pence halfpenny. — Date I3ih Mareh» Idthyear. 
-^InroUed 18/A March, 1666. 

8irMin PonAnby,^ knt. — Qrangeforth (besides one thousand 
«aaveii hundred aad one acres and one rood, formerly confinaed to 
him) eig^ acres plantation, (one lumdred and twenty^mne acres 
tuse roMb and thirteen pen^es statute), one pound twelve shillings 
and four pence; barony of Carlow. — Date ith September, 21st 
^fear^-^InrolUd 5th January, 1659. 

Richard, earl of Cork, lard high treasurer.-^Einasrwmy, 
Ihree hundrad and twelve acres and &e unprof.— In Killought^- 
nfn next contiguous tp Branranny, to be cut by an N. and S. lin% 
two hundred and forty acres andthirty^five perdtes, and theun^noC; 
barony of Idrone. — Date 4th September, 20th pear* — tnreUed 
2nd October^ 1668: 


« .sdrikuf, .^Hurl of Afijglei^.'^CkiamMnf tkvee b«iidf«i aftd 
fifty-tkree acraB and Uuret roods, fivepoMidaseTaa shiUingv and 
aaven penoe frrthki^««^(>arrigdi:^e, one kmidridaiid nxty^lvrof 
acPMy two pooadfi nine sliSIings and one penny in-aa fiurttniga.*^-* 
Kiibiaaiab, two hundred and aevanty^Ta aerea> foar poaoda tkM 
•]iiUingaaBdsixpence««^The wood and mountains of £tto^ twenty*' 
eight acres tiiree roods and ten perahes, nghfi shilUngs moA seven 
pence taee iBrthings.*«^haIf of Banagh, with theb appmtenanoes^ 
fMrty-»two acres, twelToshilii^ and >nine penoe; barony of Fortiib 
Ballyhegan, sixty acfes, eighteen shillings and a peany v -^ D a l * 
leting, one hundred and ninety-five acres, two pounds ma^teen 
^hilUngs ' and two pence three farthings*—- thcr Gth part of St; Mo- 
Unges, -.with their appurtenances, opie hundred aad fifty- five acreS| 
two pounds seven shillings and tlu^ee farthings;' harony of SUf 
Mo\in9^.-*^Dai0 2Brd May, 2aiAyear.*^Inroiied9tkJme, 1668^ 
DatneAnne, relict of Sir Tkomae Hatmmti AnigM**^Qmm^ 
may alias Gorminagh, one hundred and fi>rty>five acres and three 
roods, two pounds nineteen shillings. — Ijabynyseay, sixty one 
acraii one pound four shillings and eight pence halfjpeBay.F«<-tiiird 
pariof Ratheden, one hundred and Umrty-six acres mi tworoods^ 
two pounds fifteen shillings and three pence. — Kilcojuckan ate 
Eilieopigan, ninety-eight acres and three roods, one pound aine- 
taiii shiUitigsAnd eievea pence hal^nny.— More, partof the sam^ 
sixty aoras three roods, -one pound four shilling and eight pence^' 
Jn lKtUcaUati3m> ninety seven acres and one rood, prof., ens 
huadrsd and nme acres and three roods unprot, one pound nine- 
tssB shillings and five pettce.*^More in the satne, one hundred omI 
fifty-one atoes one rood, three pounds one shilling and two penea 
thiee fiEfftldngs. — Pasture and timber in ditto oghtyKine aeres, tae 
poujid toralve shillings andnine pence haUpenny.*^Kn(OckanadaMie| 
twe^hundred and ninety aoree, five pounds seventeen siyUings and 
five pencb^-^Itt part of the same, marked in the plot (r. a.) one 
Sfive and three roods, with a proportionable part of<the unprofitable^ 
aaren peace fiurthing; barony of Idroae. Date 90th Jufy,2Qtk 
year.-^InrolledlStA August, 1668. 

. .. WiUiatn Draper, £^«^<--Owiert alias Owlard, one hundred 
and eighty-aeven acres, Cooleroe, two hundred and thurty«<ene 
jaaiat ; liarony of Forth.-^Atfa28/A Mt^, 20i^fear.^ItirdUgd 

. James St&gford, £sf .^Eifaie*Bell aKas EolttiBieH aMas Kili^ 
tinnell, Ballinvally and Ballycullin alias Bifilaghellin^ fiftynaeven 
acres tfalwe roods and one .perch. Knockanacroe aIiis»-Ladsanarly 
or.Lackananerly (part) eighty-six acres and two roods profitable, 
sixty-five aeres unprOf. Inr Kynogh alias Onnoge, to ' be cut off 
by a ncorth and south line, twenty-^five aceea ene need and twenty*^ 
three parches prof., sixteen aeres unprof. Killog^hfesman, part to 
be cut off by a north and seOth line> ninety-seven acres thrae^rlmla 
and ftte parches; barony. of Idrone. Total (firar. hundred and 
ttMsrtif-throe acres and tweitty^seven per^ea statute), rent ^r^ 
pounda. m^^ killings and two pehioe halfpenny. -: Ballycrin^an. 
three hun£ed and twenty-two acres. More of the same callsd 

BaNy ltg|r# 1*17 advs^ «iA liM moonteb lii*^ 

#C li/fmb. TiniMtofiMi m* Liaitfecan afes Cmicideflffiy I11P0 

§ottf4iimmt9BWlMtmoTood»^ TMaBy-iikBM BeMa, moJmiim 

jm«aA sefratffone^Mvea. The inototjr^!Iift««riTO^- g ^^ ^ m y* 
flvttMfiBS; gaB ya iw gh att (tibwrd port) tireBty^tiuweaKawBw m(^ 
iylBBocfa»qpei^ ol* ChMipaD, aad. Bo6ll»biatlB^ foiiy attre*; bahipf 
d[ St Mnlmib iBatibiuMie^ one huidredaerat ; bovea j aiMrenv^ 
lMal|t (tifo- AKNissiid tvfo boAdred and fil^ aorts two roodii «b«I 
tMv^fMndMB •tiiliitB)9reiifc twealytfiight pMrnk fwrdaUyiDgi and 
cigk* penotf fiurthiiig. Av/f UiA OuUber, 90M iwor. 
. Chatk$f Fkcamni fMr^iforiiui^^Bailyimmi and fCUliMUie, 
<aie; Imadred aiad twmHtf acres, two' pomidB eight ghiUtage and 
eeiteiD peaee fiyifaiiig.-^Urgyiii^ part ci, next to BaUynekii, two 
haiMbed acree, four poniidb one shiUing' and tax pence^^^BalhrmK 
UKaid Bfowneen, tucfy aibiws one pmmd four riiillmgt and ttree 
peocti hatf-penny^ — Poyardstoim, ^nrt of, neact t» BalljFliMa^ 
Urmtjf' acreSi eig^t ebS&gs and one penny iarthnig;^ barony of 
Caffli»r. Total, (sixhimdvfdmd ferty-'anren aofiee etatnle;) Totut 
xeot^ eigbtpoandfl two«hiHiDgt.^J%itfrllM&yil. I9tk yemf.^ 

JimiMj duke ^ Yerk. — Johnstown (part) aafanty^imie asMs 
tarora^ and «g^ percfaes^-^Bi^gany forty aoraa.^ — ^Btttpbrio^ 
afiaa BaHybanleni one hundred andtw«n^aGrea»r^Id Nefar Cbaidtn 
and DattgnnMamiy iaro handled and ttirae aerea tfavty-five-pen^MB* 
IniBa]l]rhnn alias Battybamen, fofty»fougacfe8.«-^Qin'teenc^ acl wa ii 
tfas €hirtittgroeBn^ forty^foor aeres tiroToeds* ; bamny ^'Cte)vww 

WtMimfi hrdFiBcmnt DongM, 6ifOt*et of Sir WaiUf^ tmd 
nm bf Bit-j0kn Drntgrnn^ JkmgJ^ mid haron$i$.--^lihmmmfbf 
tff the gMil and Sfludl tithea of the parish of C^oedagli^ C3ofdq(lf, 
thsee< pounds fitte shillingsw^The noiety of iha reot^ryof Athode^ 
wUhliiegtealiasid small tithes tliereo^ otlepoiindtenaMUfaigasBid 
Aif^ peae^ DmU 2»iA ,0f Jufy, 2M yet^.^MMfotbd Ml 
Oct€fier^ 1669. 

ArUkri miri of Ak^tUy^-'^-O&MiJSimt/^fiSM Cbmnfian^ one 
hundred andlhirty Ihsee aerto tirO' roodsi^. tiso> ponnds Ihhtssw 
WaXSko^ Mid t09i«>litfice. . TianiMnS^ alias Tjbyhinoh alias 1^ett»- 
heny, two hundred and twenty-four acres, four ponnds teoshilltage 
aUei^penoa. Bhll^rliMry alias Bhl^idb^^ eij^ityi£vi» «m«8, 
one^pentid fourteen shittii^ and five ^osce hidf-^eaoy ; harottf erf 
Sti MoBns.— ^Bogfy pastare, helen^[ing to PaiiD^ one^ handrsd and 
fifty-fonr ae^ tlnpee pounds twt> shiUii^ and tian^pencahatf* 
penny ««^Wood hdotiging to the two Pellardstown^ snd paar# of 
UrgUni, one he ad s ed and fifty-four acres, diseopoondiitwoshilliaga 
and tiireo penee half;peDny ; barony of Gavlow.^J^illkB AM Stft* 
fOfoi yomr^^tMioikdiflSMl Norn. 10Wi ^ 

PkHif^ Lard ir%Moii.~The cdstte, nmsoage, taifi aadiaide 
of KHiericb, foul* haddrsd mai eighty^niil* acres^^ArdttehliBk 
(part^'a%My*<one acrei|« Totals nmebuadmi and l#aaty4lMa 

09 T» oOimtf or GMUCW. im 

ita»89 <MM A>od aaA awe JpeM W iHtlnto) mat elivoi pMnk ta 
•ttttbgrn and ton peoce^tial^peiiiiy ; baffvmy ^ CnAow.'^Ihi^ 9tM 
/tt^, 2l4tfmr.'^rMroK^d \5iA Nw. IdCdi 

Or tFiUiam TempU, *«nM«/.— Kilballvhew. Hum baidM 
•Hi fiNtp*8ui acfcv tw» roods (fire hondrei uid riztf-dae acrfii 
1^ food and I^KOpflrdMfstateti) seven poqiMti threopeaoo tbred 
SpAingB; karfmy of Cariow;--Dal'r 20/A il%, 2Ui yeMt.-^ 

RieAard JlMft.—- Tlo iajpropriote tiftoo of tto parish of Catker* 
logii, Cloiuno)4ska and Urraff^diB. for evor. — Ckaries fF&fiM* 
Tbe imm-opriate titJies of the parish of GraogeforUi^ for erar.--* 
JosAa EMiwkk. The iaipropriate tilhe» of the paridh of Hachets* 
town, for ever. Richard Jan€8, Tbe impnmiate tithes of tfie 
parish of TempkhPoter, ^r ever. — Date 9tJi March, 2\9f year. 
InreUed \2th March 1669. 

Sit John PofWMiy, Kni* — Grangefinrtiii one thousand seresi 
bandred and one aeresi (two tfaoosand seven hundred and fi%-fiva 
•ccaaoos lood aad loorteen pOTches sfeatott^)^ Ihirty-four pouada 
e%hA shaHinga and nme^poaee three fiiHliings ; baronf of Carloar. 
Dtde 2Qth May, 2Ui year.—InroUed^rd Oeioier, 1669. 
' Mkha^i Bony. — Two ^rd parts of Radurash, four hundred 
acres.— Milltown^ oae hundfod and seventy-three acres, one rood. 
Affbeane alias Addbome^ stx1hf*six acres three roods^-^Tromon, 
Ibrty-aight acrea teee roods-^-Tofali six hundred and eiffhty*^ht 
aeras Area roods plantation, (oae thoasffiid one hondried lUid tit 
lasn acres two roods and tweaty-sevan pco'Aes statute), — ^rsnl 
Mrtaaapounda oghtaeo shittings and eleven pence; barony of 
¥offSbu^£Mel9thJMM0, 22ndyear.-^Jnri>iledl7thJ9in€, 1670. 

John Wilcox f of Lokdon. — In Klnogh alias Cunogh^ sarenty- 
aight aeras seveateen perches prof.^ sixty-one acres umprofl— Mora 
af> die sane, twenty-sevea aore6.-*-In Killesnell aKaa Kintaaell^ 
Battkvidly and Ballyculliii alias BaOagfaulen, to be cut oflFby a N. 
and 8. W%f two faonidred and three acrestwo roods and tfiir^*idne 
parches. Total three hopdred and eight acres diree roods sateen 
perches plantation, (five hundred acres one rood aad three perchaa 
alatote), rent sije pounds five shilliags-^baroiiy of Idrone. DaH 
9MJune, 22atfy«ar, Inrotted 4th November leiQ. 
. 'Jame$ Stogfard, Eif»--^In Loram^ one hundred and fifteen 
aarss^ one rood, thirty-six perches, two pounds, six and eight 
peaoa hal^e any , haroaiy of Idrdae. Date 6ih July, Wrd year, 
inroikd 5ik Oeipber, 1671. 

dir Biehard Kermedy^ knight and baronet, eeeond baron of 
the Msehegner^ Cloay, two hnndred and three acres, tiirea 
psvchea; Olassgrauay and Kaockshaae, one hnndred and fourteen 
aaMs, baroiqf of Forth; of Siskin*Riaa, Ihe south part^ two 
kOBidrid aad eighty one acres, oae rood, one perdi, barony 
of Idrotte«*-Total five hundred aad ainety-nine acres, oaa perch*, 
^ant. (BMe hnndred and seven acrea one rood five perdies, 
atatula), ral^ twelva noiaids two shilliBga and six-pence ^iree 
forflanVi. Jhie 19th June, dOthyear: InroUedVlth 9^. 1678. 

0mt grandson ^ Bdw0rd,—Tht CSistle of BattynekiU, «i& 
the apportenances and the Caatle moiety <^ Ball^iekiUi ftUcif- 
(igkt acre^y one rood. The moiety of Ardndiugll^ one kuadved 
and fAjdby-a^ acres, twenty p^ebes. — ^Tvo parts of PoQaxdBtow% 
one htmdred axid ei^ty-^gbt acres, one rood, barony of Carbw^r-^ 
GraJgne-Spidog% twenty-four acreiun— The moiety of Tenq[il^ 
Peter, sixty^eix acres, two roods, two .pegehes^^^Chmshanaoi^ 
alias CloghneshamuHif one hundred and sixten-aeresiVone n>Qd« — 
4k moiety, of Killaq^ eleyan .acres. — ^Th#. meiety of Moydidl, 
two hun<hred and nineteen aaree.^ — To the use of the heirs and 
assigns of UUck for erar. Dai0 HUA Feb* 3Ui year. tnroUed 
dri March, 1680. 

. fiichard Warburtcn, of Garryhineh^ in tie Queen*3 County^ 
^^g.— £albreckan» Kilgarran, and Balij^aemeere, two hundred 
9Bd fifty-one acre% twenty-^five perches, or. twohnndred and fifty 
acres, one rood, twenty-five perches, (four hundred and six acres^ 
one rooc^ twenty-one perches static), three pounds ten shillings i 
part Fennagh,, barony Forth and Idrone. I>atc 9th Oei.Mih 
year. Jnrplled 30th Oct. 1682. ,\ ^ 

1. J» acconnt o/thepartieular8aPing0C0ntamedmtkepaUnt9 
fmder theActe of Settlement and Ejtplanation. 

..In the preceding grant to the Duke ef Ormonie^'''^«m% 
to Edm^d.Roch a^d his hdr?, the fiill b^iefit of lus decree.^— To 
Franciit Eustace tl^bguefit of his decree to the. lands i^ KilL> 
aB^li8b.r— T^^Uli^k W^, such right as Am^ be decreed Mmt 
i^ a mwiQee, the duke b^ix^ first reprized, tO: Mizell, Graigeae^ 
^pifioge, Cionmocsheoiu^,. and Temple-Pelar,. half* — To Mary 
y)rid4i9 4i6 benefit oi her df%»-ee to J^oce. ^ . 

'On tliet^jrestoratipnof /tibe Idog,. the 4uka ^Ormonde waa^ces of j»nk and diEBity. He enjoyed 
the paxtiijulafCi&TOuc of liia.mfge9ty, wh<^ .iu mia^tanoeiat kasl, 
did.Qot «^em ungratefid for past servK^ - gat. the fiieq|a0Bt^,>tf 
not unirersial attendant of great prosperily is envy; to which, Wk 
courts, is siapei^ded the baleful pasdion.of jealojUjMy, as exhibited 
tffifards the object^ ,^ roytd ^your.. The. duk^ of Ormmida 
could not hppe tjo escape the disHke of |he envious atjid jealoil%* 
mir 0Ould he e^ect to avoid, the bad- feeling of ;lhe unsu^eessftJ, 
the unprpsperous, or the discp^tented. Accoidingly, wa find 
that attacks were made on him in various shapee ; . among the rssl^ 
the aid of the press was called in by: his calumniators. Abont the 
year 1671, several libeUous tracts appeared i oi^e ci which, was 
entitled : Queries relating, to the revenue of Ireland, and. to the 
duke of Ormonde. It was stated in this, production, that the 
barony of Idrone,.in our county, wip decreed to the duke by' the 
ofuno^issionera of i}ie/ court of claims ; while insinuatioaa ape 
made against the honour of the commissioners^ as well ea the 
▼ar^ty of the witnesses,, on whose testimony they acted*. .ThH( 
allegatiomwas, however, wholly untrue.. As. the duke did not 
then possess one acre of the barpny more than he had enji^fed be- 
fore the rebellion f when his lands m it were very limited^ m extent. 

AUtanipla were now made by the Romanista to repeal tte acts dF 
setHemeiit ; for which purpose pretended grievances and fabriclftoS 
«eto of injustice were exhibited. Among others, the duke of 
Ormonde was charged With passing fhe lands of various individuals 
Ibr his own, and &U6 adding considerably to his estate. Carte 
entflTB very fidly into iiiis matter, which might be considered ndt 
VMreiy an attack on the character of the.duke of Ormonde, but on 
die vest^ interests of tte Protestants and others who had been 
secured in the possesmon of their property by the acts of settlement 
As fwo of the prindpal witnesses brought forward by Hie enemies 
of liie duke and by tiie discontented party were closely connected 
wifli our county, and as, in short, most of the transactions re^ 
latod occurred within its boundaries, we must give the statement of 
Carte, which we do in his own words : 

** Edmond Byrne (says he) was a freeholder in the barony of 
Forth, in the county of Catherlogh, and as such, with the ancient 
pmprietorB in that barony, signed the petition presented by them 
to his grace's commissioners, in the year 1663 ; wherein they ac- 
knowledged a tenure to the duke, and th^s by the advice of t'atrick 
Byrne, tibeir counsel at law. He was a considerable witness in 
giving evidence to several juries for making good those tenures, 
and was himself of one or more of those juries, who upon then: 
oadia found the said tenures, being for tbe most part Irish pro- 
prietors of land within Hie barony, to whom some English protes* 
tants were joined. He gave the like evidence before the claims ; 
but renting a small parcel of land at ^iragh, of the earl of Arran,^ 
(upmi whom his grace had settled his lands in that barony), and not 
piqringtiie rent, he was distrmned upon, and giving bond for pay* 
men^ bat ^Eulmg therein, was thrown into gaol. Byrne in his 
Mcesslky was wifiing to try any means of relief andforgettinghis 
fdtmer oatiis, thought fit to pretend that there was no quit-rent 
really due to tiie duke of Ormonde out of the barony of Forth, 
and tiiat the lands he rented were rightfcdly his own. He offered 
Ids service to discdver this before th^ commissioners for conceaf- 
menls, but that commission not going forward, his son Oerald 
wmd to England, and petitioned ike duke for rdief, who told him 
he woold write to his agent Mr. Matthews to see redress giveii 
kim, M he were aggrieveNcl in any respect. The man did not care 
to be referred to Mr. Matthews ; and to give some colour to his 
pfetensions, produced three different hotes, with the names of his 
grace's c<wimisstoners put to them, expressing that hei was to pay 
only a ddefoy out of ^e lands of Shragh, and directing Mr. John 
Bagot the reoeiver to suspoid tlie rent tiH furdier order. The duke 
•afw by tlie hand-writing ^at Ins commissioner's names were ndt 
Wrote by tiMsmselves, and suspectbg the forgery, caused Mr. Oas- 
eoigne ysi secretary to take copies thereof. He told Bytne his 
eiii|)icioii8, but offered to send directaons into Ireland, thect he sSiould 
hm^ tiie benefit of Aesenotes, if either of the commiscdoners would 
own tSiey had signed them. Byrne seeing he was like to be ^e- 
tatid, came no more near hb grace ; bat meeting with eiMsounige- 

«i6ii^ fmmuM^k pelilioii tt tin Ihg far mireaa. He did nof 
malt ^isBue of it ; but finding that Sir W. Fkower was ia Iowa, 
Mid fcnriiy hifi '&i!|^ would be fitvanafy puniahed, be abaeonded, 
«Bd aaade off ior IielaJid. 

« Tbe •odier witneie (prodaoed waa one oipteia James NoIbii» 
4riioee ^anoestor Hugh Nokai divided bis Utde estate in Shaa- 
faiT)f, 4n the {same barony, containing ten ^aores Forth measuvey 
equally betuceen Us two soob, ^CaUr and Dani^ Tbe hnaa: 
1& isene, and tbe latter marrying two mrea, bad by tiie first 
JEdmond, fiitfier of Janes Nolan. Daniel^ on occasion of a dUbr- 
ranoe wttb ids son, dedaied ibat £dmoiid was bom %no yetm 
before wedlool^ and by a feoffment made September SiStk, 1640, 
veadj to be produced and proved, settled wbat bind be bad in Sban- 
gairy on Patrick Nolan, bis aon by biseecond wife Anastaoe Byne, 
^and bis brirs ; so that captain Nolan could have no right to the 
4aad, wbicb Patrick Nolan entered upon and possessed from bis 
.fiiiAer's death, till he took bmds in Connanght The ciqptain joined 
with tibe ameio'e perlgr in tiie war, and-belone be went abroad m 
Amiel Kavanagb's r^ment, in 1652, had, in- anezeurBion from 
the^ganison of Clonmullin bekmging to (bat party, being guilty of 
seveinl mnrdeva, and particubuiy bad hanged Patnck Nolan, Jas. 
CttMreea,.n servant of Thomas Bagnall, (whom be took out of his 
aMstsr'a hi^gard at Bfilliniunry), and two others of tbe neigh- 
bemboody and theEe were living witnesses to pro^e fte ^wli. 
Ci^tain Nolan came bade into Ireland eome time after the resteaa- 
lieii| and it i^ypeariag by an iaquisition after the death of Tbonws 
'Oarl of Ormonde, signed by Sir J^ilip Percival, that dm reals of 
eigbtpeneean acre Wd been daly paid bim ouft <^ ail the lands 
belenging to ancient preprietora within the barony of Forth, and 
.beiag proved that ISmi^arry in partienlar paid rent to Wafter ami 
^Oamonde; end being found in 1664 «t a eoort banm befeee 
John WaUbi as tbe duke's seneschal, by a jury of. ancient native 
nfoprietHs, (of «wbicb captain James Nokm was oaB),'tbat it was 
aeU of his grace by certain rents and customs ; andPatriok Nolan, 
'tiwandeat pfoprietor of that place, having aoloioivle^adlbe same; 
Sbangarry bad, npen these and other evidences^ as wiril as brother 
Isstimmiy, being adjudged by tbe court of claims to bekmg to Hm 
ddke of Ormonde. Possesion bad been accordingly taken of it, 
tibe iMds baviag never been set out to adventurefs ; and o^tam 
Noian^iented i£e prenuses for some time ; but ba^ni^ on Mayr6lh, 
1668^ (aa Ae indiotment runs) traitoreasly nunrdered oneTbady 
Nolan, and not daring to stand a tnal, be fled mto &)glmidk 

*^ Somewhat above a year after hu fl%bt thither, be came to 
Ae duke of Ormonde with a petifioo. aettiag foiih, 'HM be bnd 
been necessitated to come out of Ireland to ceuiplaini^ bioisaf- 
forbiga and grievances to bis grace ; .that be bad :been tamed oat 
of an estate wbkb bad beloMedtobis aacestoni, and ted bean 
iMtedby^laaMelf; that Mr. WaUb could certify it ma tbnasgb 
kts industry, that bis gsaee was possessed of several OtiMr landa 
in the berony of Forth ;, Hiat bo bad been at great chaqfeafaiaHr- 


ntn^QtHTX OF 4iMiMrc IWI 

TkomaB Bordell, in tlw luniii of cUtaiA; ud Wiiig-4i««ij4UllinMi 
vri& bim idioiiy ke. intedBd to swd. abroad^ iU efiumM^nkm 
^(tM wkaM to ']aB§m ki iMokf^ BQdde6<redUsgnfldi»iJHriit 
Urn aone aatifl&ftiicni &rliiB.d>iiig&a iadiA4i# |iMbBifipniB|)vMM 
ta4iHnita»luia)Mdito,lK«laBcL' The4iJift |pwre Um tif^*^tjAtifm 
Ip boar J49 ^h^igm lhithor». aiid mrafea^Q* Miu 3|aMiiM% .attti^iii 
Wal^ toigm ^lifiMi wnpunpsase^ if tfam -wa^ fM9t4ratttr iatjUt 
prataiiBioaf. 13iu.«MUa<teirf c«iu^cb«ig^ ^h^ lC?0;.;itfMnIi* 
praMRled ikatf etifioavto ^ffMice!; liat k«raa'aattifMaibviM>bl 
aftiTfpipdi adfattofiid. . For iiMttBA-iof'goiag.^«iy!^)A«litefiHiik 
tttidedy hefiaiiiid it aK)ce fixr Im advantage lo-oo«kidjiaMii3undam 
to blaiaaar i^^ainst the dakcrrfiOiniaadayaaAatJaailto'yftiiiateiii^ 
kiag. TM»lie4id^ Woircmbar 8fltii» iftgl^ ^^wiirrfh^M^Mt 
his graaiilifliev waa jfeisad in .fea 06 wNaa ^landa ia» Her/liiiiia;! 
of VatA mlbg> ^0i»at9 <tf Oatberloi^ onOckAm 26tk^ilM]^ i»i 
«ed ttafoof ^eAiiLl647,.^hkfiliiapikawiwdi^ 
ymg'riimkAm petitiaiiarioUiMircd UMixn^m^M.Uti^bmAuakm 
1&52, and continued constaniy.ia iM» aarnlt^e b^oaAiilii»dMa«tfll 
%693^ •wban>heii»teiiiedintaisal^n6^ iritji kapaa(Btipn Miliiii^* 
ty's tsestomtioti) t» be v^atoped ta tiba sajdianda m Ma lartlwigjiif fiid 
iahentapM*;'tb^ ilie dakaof OunoDda fi^udin^ thaaelandai^aniU 
gnoua to .papfe p^hkowned^to, ittid'Bot jeigiqradlrJF«|Bp«kalii> 
taper otMMdiep^ pas Mwo d hiw^of tfaa^ane widioai mf oglaH 
nar aif ^^ wtl: dMt ius 'gNMe» vfoa the fkMtkdaitli addrawto 
laai^ haftag^aiidi/aad ykiawad to. ntrtnifl fta gni^ iaadi to' Ae^itett^ 
tionar^ paytagi to Us goaee aad his ih ei w fmdp toratTeipoiisai fit 
(^ opoRtop joaasum^; JiriMrsantotkaf^dflnsr agraod^'^a mid 
ikm aharjps ii ynsaiig tbe 4X>att of . clai|nai; tbttt^^-jgriK^^^fptti 
fHBitt to" thak agceesien^ passed^ Ifcoselaibds imUtf diMMd»aaA 
lattsrafataots^ andacciBg^ial tha petitibacr ^oonlieatMl M& flwk 
agriMnnlwt) oi|itttod.thaadtraiiAafa.ka 4i|^ gatliyauing^liVMiliata 
iMdbSa 4he ooiiit of )da]ai8, cafqsad ^awr sosa to^g^ei4te^patil> 
libfaar^ibaJbtttditiof ^thaaii^odnkmcl; buk'sttl datainad^A«4aiida 
apaias^'iai ocudlifiaad jusdca» ito^Ao dteaalaiBlRiatioit nfilJia^fali* 
IJaissTy lys'wi&i'iaBd'inia yanpg cfaildrsa^ tf - iaotv<}opiinwttiBtod[*»by 
hto- sBMfisDf • ' Vila pKaaisas iOfnefdeoedy ^aad .fioiraainitiii^aa^.lM 
flai4 fends iMie aliH uadnfKifted ^ of 'to any. w^ bf tbdi abt«^«lt4lsl* 
tjaoBsait'aad'tKplaqatiowv aad<tfaattiie dufca -of. Qwao n ds iM fc d aa^ 
ja9«Bd Ibtoi ait pasiiflMicoiikl Metsndmi othar 4ill|iiito tbo dtmid biH 
a* way bsfero paemited^ JtWpsliit^picjff 42MPs£a|» -frnfoiiiSiMm 
gsionuwas aodt woM opllllesno^■ldigbt ibe .vsftfaed^piAo^aai^ 
laJsMJiaiiiii appobitodto«avi^ir.tlia aattteaseat «£ bakuid^i aiMl'tha 
aaid icoamiaiioavw ordsnid to toka saeb agsfdywivito^foiitto 
f t rt J ric M or 'fci raSsf aa A sa M tsiaa ov a pki# amd j|^^ '-'^^m.. '•.^--.^i 
^lliO-dakawiftaflrasODilalkcoitiic^ pat Ms a B ts woima a ^ 

nd^oriMd iihat N<^ im^tba^ qpUad in, ' •bk.graa^afiasody vitoH 
if Im oaiild.f»rafW)lliat aiididp^liknsal^orihoae enpbJFedfbyltw 
made any such bargain ynih. him^ as ho-i^aidiodody ha 4dsuld gifi 
k|p»'tha.U»d« .N<SM.aA^4duiirai[ivJ4ria^Wol4^^ 

9M wmoMx Afm awswitom 

wHk UnJMfim fiiitv wJfaMMs. lii diika wis rerjr mSktmtutai 
•f A* fahobood of rIolanVdauB to the few aisea of laDi} k qiiea- 
tiin, hfttiof befote jb answer to his letter of August atb, l&lOp 
Mttsived finm Mr. Walsh a expert x>f die «tale of the case, by 
wUdi ife ap pesir ed ^ tfaatneither tibe captain nor his fiilfaer had erer 
9Bfri^t, or bfen ia possession of the land, andtbatlhe true old 
IHippvietor,' Patrick KcHmup was still living^, and ready to prove his 

WW^^V ^Vl^a^iap -vi^PWBfli^^A ■F^^^^^p^y^^p^^a^^B"^ x^^b^^ w^r^p ^hs^^^v AsaaA^p a^^Hs ^^^fl^B^w^w^^^ aaassH 

Jidm Waldi had aever made any sach agroeninnt as waapretea^ 
mkl HisiiJiiiw allowed that Nolan night prove the ^buc^ chaiged ia 
Ihafpetittsii; which was ordered aooordiagiy. . The pretended her- 
pin with Mr« Walsh was now tiie chi^ and indBed the only 
>eintin<|ttestkm; and tbereGwethonah the duke ooold. not think 
ItpOBsiMi^ that he should enter at all into such a contract inhis 
MaKwidumt his consent^ or if that was possihle, thatha.would 
aolinaUthattimeadvise theperfbnnanceof it» yethe wroto (o 
WmfiMr an account of that affair. Walsh absohitdy denied any 
iadiCfl B trac t» having ouIt let him Ae landasacoonnon taianiy 
BBOtt the nan's desire to do soaduitted. 

^ Tbisan^eared prstty deariy from the oooasion of their heing 
Ist^ afenthe court of daimBha^nga^udgedtbaEato tha.duke w 
Oi'BwiiiJo>. Inmiediately after* that decree^ viz»^onjJaly 27tb» 
Mfi3#<:i(l9t8inNolan presented a petition, to hiisgcac^, which. I 
JMlga to be in hisown hand-writing, because it. ip evidently, ihe 
aa aa St Witii that in whichr the other b^faremaoticnedf and pnesented 
to ll|ft>d&ha seveayears. afterwaids, was written* seltiogforthy 'ihat 
fta patitJonsr's ancostoia had timeout of mind besn.fiirmers to Jbis 
gians and, his noble ancestors of the land of ^uu^g^arry^ .paying 
Iwen^ shiUiags rent a year, with other usual coyuntry custosM 
aadduftiss^ duithe had committed no crime to occasion a foifeitum^ 
imd ihad served for twdve vaara past abroad with his grac^.in 
hit <iH||ssys service^' yet had entered no claim, relying altcfetb^^ 
upofi'Ae gaodaesa of his fracci a^d being rrady to submit himt 
self to.tatih. increase of rent 9» his grace shoidd think &tk He 
desirad that bis grace would Ukendse be plessed to consider-. As 
aeahMia afection of tha petitioner's predecessors to the most noble 
iMnscofvOsmende; fot when Walter Butler, earl of Onnondi^ was 
d a tai p e d in England* and Sir/Arthur Savage came.witti soma pre** 
tended titb or hifcerost, . and e o ostramed . most . jMurt of. the faamigf 
of -Forth to' asmpottod with him; yet. the petitioner's fiithsciM]d 
gimd&tisr opeidy declared .agaiast his interesW and were nut to 
great charges at |aW| till Walterioari of Oraamide, had satttedJiis 
sJMrs^ a|Mt sent orders fiy their ^uiet poss e ssion, of the saM. lands, 
wfaishithagrtse cqoyeditiU the lateitimes of usuijiation, andj|ihere» 
fore he humbly pray!id his gntos tosettle him in the saidlandinvfaat^ 
apevar oMnner ho should think fit.' On the back of this potion, 
thsce isanorder signed. by his grace, referring the examination of 
Ihanatter to John Walsh ;. upon, wluoh the captsffi was admitted 
to reat the land of Shangarry* 

f* It is vei^ evident from ;lfais last recited. patiticn, that^ 

01^ 1Mb Qbtiktt or cAttcmr, 

•I|IIMB0I1tUKI AUVHVH 110R1 ranwu or Mi gnWVfl nCBRDil^ 

coBtcqiMDuy vttTB ngiitiy sdjiidMCi to Bhii by hNI coqH ot diiflM i 
IlittI eaptHBi Nohn had nuKle no Mfgaitt wMi Mf * Wafahi aor tnk 
coi rt ri bu tcd tmy tUiig towardftiiie procnHng the decra^of tteeowC) 
fiir if Imt hady Im would not hare oMn silent on tUb oecMloDi^tiNl 
MT9 reeled idl liis meiite on'BieittedBOQeBor'e BdheMneo to Ite 
honee w OnnoDO^ and en hie oewa semce abroiid* lie (Hfelind% 
indeed, tiiat he was an innocent, and might have entered Uis*elaii»^ 
if'lle had |ileased; but these w^ ^ene pretences, for'thoii||li *lie 
had been never so innocent, he had no colour of tidfe to Hie laMl^ 
fvych belo n ge d to Patrick Nolan, who wae so well known to b« 
the tAi p iop8 et w, tfiat he had at dus very time joined as such iaAe 
coniinon petilMia of the areehoideni of that barony to tiie dttha^ 
and^f hie descentand t^ hadbeen nenrer so go6d, yet his gn&l 
was sudi, tiiat by Ae act of settlement he oi%ht^ lose, hie hmdy 
and by the c6mmen law Ub lift alsou It is not a little stesnge thii 
euch a ftllow should be snftred to bris^ an aeotwatisn agiunet ^ 
man of the diike of Ormonde's <inality*ai^ ehanfeler $ «id it would 
certainlv have been tiie more proper way* first to hsraMllNeiMi 
into Irmnd in custody, to onde^ a-tniil for the crinws laid to 
his diarge; and tiien if he conldfiBdriy ac<|uit himself thereof tij 
faae nis >pieienfions mio coosHMsacioD* 

: ** Hie duke of^ Orhionde> notwilhstandii^ Nolan's orimee,; stH) 
ftooghtttbAoved'him to vindicate himself from an aeoosatiuB 
whtch had been industrioasly spread in the worid, and wai.«tef 
-oome liieedMecfr of common diseourte. He toA occasion frsm 
ihe two petitHma being sent hhn by the Ui^'s order to ^fer to hie 
BMriesty in ooundl theu following anewtor to the purport t h erea t 
* y ourmaje^,(sayshe), byyourotder of J«n. 19th, in eounca^ ivtte 
pleased to conanand that two petitions, tiie one from captsln Jaaiee 
Nrian, the other in the mtae of one Ednimid %me, should ko 
wntme; and though J am not diereby commanded tottekea*^ 
answer to Aosepetitkns, yet I conceive it may be your jdeisoN^ 
and my duty, to give your majesty die best accooifl I am, her^ 
and i^presen^ able to give of tte mutters co m |dai i i ed^o£ . 

«' 'Tour majesty may be pleased to bo hatonabdp that &o Joaii 
^conld be a greater stri^iger to his own fortune and interest ttan 
nqwtf; ndtherniyfiieu£des6rincKnationsnudienahlhig or •dk*> 
poling me to that kind of woric Besides^ that the breakmg out 
of the rebdHon in Ireland, when I Mfas periiaps more fit and hi^ 
«cliaed to ooaflider my own afiairs, gave me ^vtber employUieat, a»d 
•rendered any thougM of the management of my fortune (whkh 
was wh^y possessed by the rdbds) utteily useless* Soon aAer 
your majesty's happy restoration, you were (leased- to cewpmrtd 
«e Mm to serve yon in the g ovei- om ept of that kingdom ; wtans 
fte absence of the royal authority for so many years, the-dividsd 
interest Aere, and other ^Hfficolties, and attenffing the settlement 
of that kingdom, so took up my time and thou^ti, that I was 
eonetndned to put the managemeiit of my private coooerniMnto 
<into the hands ttf fiieods and servanta, the »ost prudent aad)M>" 

WMOET av0 ANttaovnir 

■MR IriOBM nni #B > wiQi hD8 gciwrAi ittiUimMM^ 1)9 lec on t MB w 
JMHr*iBr w tt ttt B tfrto odt bhik Tin* i&sltrwMi (I ilranftiA 

V9¥ ' BftfO 'OnM VOttf ODC HCnif ^HHe ID 00llC6iV6 WMV leiDpCIRMNI 

tMjr^NNM bttVQ lb »im j( W !W it Tim afi iavtrm^dn to Hik «fr 
iHn; ipw gfvni) sir wtvt, vi^iivQiy ivno iw one ot ms ' ponoM 

* M>Wh(ttM bttiFttflaifiv tioaMed yonl' mideiify wift> ittodH* 
diMgfclIrfidf Mm Ute BUtpiolcin of ttiy torJBl desire or istai 
oMfHeAmto gain More iini}« ttnli IniMil b# AMjr ebd joitflgr 
MbOi WlMrimi I awy tlw moi« iadytjiilKHeted^ for.ymttf 
tHtet I id^ Iq^ ata fiiMy li*^ kefit, I \ikE9^ pttM wilk liie 
Valoe b( tame thosstti^ • yeer^ td thoi^ Irboi thoofrht in edne 
imf^ #0i1h)r«f Mief vtaftiBomjplwrida. Aad if ^ trae, « 
I ftiirtieioifliiteitftppdir, iliriH feeeiki itfiiTObflMe, if not im 
«MH<!^ tiMe ivIiiMdd enter ibto eo low and l inwerren tiJile «e»» 
MmUs^ liitiWBeli l i ertwiA I isBehai^ in Hie Ml i^cMom; 

flibdimt UHlo, ftol ^^xoMHh^ («b I em faifbnMl) foijr fovadi e 

" ^Haying infiwmed yonr^eijifcty hotr grtet m e t H m i | ei 1 wtoeed 
Mrtonyowniiitereal^ and theraiy, end tif >flie fa e iaeu i C otied 
Inrtw H U i efc given IhtMe empteyid liy nm (ae I^ knedUy >edDeeit^ 
An^i^rMf Mb Hie ^m of their iuinge, if any ctioid haye 
MMi teed ttfK^i Hieii, aS^l4Hn«»w aaytetbe BMtterof dnir 
w faqM aiiifai is ; tot, aetoNdatii Ant about lliemmitii of Ai^ei^ 
IfM^ Ii0|g«fe tne ii pMMen to (teellM of that preiented liy kirn 
10 ;y^kir majesty Ittdtefetred Umeelf frt dve tnskk of kit allegation 
«»'MK<foliv Wal^^ (M6 of Hle:pMcaK ^atnwM by Ine), to 
ivlil»hrr «^tto pMtioil ilhd *e OMttf NMsai iMtod tiy UmMF. 
ll%ni'Mr/ WUMi I teeeiv^ a rAiiHi nmck dUMag from te imn 
iMid iff IMany wtolnitittif'eeefe ^ made a kind of rre^ly tarte 
it^-'^yhieh- ^r^tendod \A aitswef Hte eij trttomi of Mr. Wtfik ; wkiek 
papers am h ei e u A t o aaneiMi Bat not teif^akte tb jadge )rf tfie 
tMh w «idtev eidc^ laid Mig wHH*r 1» aftnd aH:i«a8oaaiab -re- 
IM td Neiaa, if faieellegfatioad ^fc^fi^ trae, I wHi a letter l^kkn 
to iny 1>roliior Oeonge Mattkentn^ who «l(UMg«B my liftdrsi weeb- 
ia| Mn ho enter into Ike Ml exaniimdon of te matter^ iMBd to 
ntohi tn^ a tree etite thereof; and gnv^ Noktaibonejr to bedrMs 
iteqgoainito Iiwiaxid^ Bot ftt what t%ato% or by what ad^Aoaie 
dedhiMHiift^ knd toisk tfce way^ Is mw in/ wd k^iiiy letter 
in Ms kairfs, ke beet kto^^ Thift Ifeav^ eaptalHi NPMii^ wMi 
IMaurtji obtervHiMi, thatwken he tkou^itariglHbf^fer his own 
«lvlmtage, he^frktiUy Kiv^iro those lands did hold of mo^ and tk«t 
Mw he as conidenay oAms thdt tiiey did aolL 

<^ < As to Byme^ tiM aoeonnt t itgeeive from Mr. Johi^ Waisk k^ 
tet hi ^«M» Hm» iri* df all Ha anoient proprietors of Hm bahmy of 
IMkj 'w4m> g«^ eirideaoe for my Me end tosure $a ike lanfti of 
ikiiMtaroby t «mt k»ifrilii otteiai^ned t6 a f^ 

>»atnii^«iytttii juifas tp^nwikifwd tto umUmtBf'^ukmm 
UiMKlf of<<iM <ir«KV» dF tlMir ^mM"; 4hltt to nuft Ui» ef Ikt 
nn^mmm^Him dipostd yufaiiclf »iihsiawit«£ daim% tkrt' te 
«aidl8iiii#M« held h7lB««iid)bi)e«iieM(Dra]^yeaW*Mte«^ 

t mt Kt wBa «idoHtfrtrewdwic«, 4m seidlaads t»ieMdi0ri0ed<»iM^ 
widfiflit to nw by oMiifiMtei i^ MM* ||MriMt Ipumnuii tv the 
Mt Bui Mr. Wahh alliriy ienm^ tiM Ae eiM Bymv ai4 <mr 
dest»hbaMoe«oiMMrainf« eltftoito bi 1^ hilii Mitned. in Ihi 
ixntt ^ pkumi) «or did he ever dfttert huB^ er mtjf Mly iiAil 
£Mini so doing'; dordideirerfludce«^«twk ffimim 4e Mie sdl 
J^^frncy, k» h« toratends* 
^'TUaiaeUIcuiclptfeiiBlmMleBdeiond Byiiiie» inrhoie 
(ceniifen friM Nebn V pkJMtpdDy in ^» 'thet wtwfei Ncditii 
Gniefiived, aetIhediMdee<ootttmrlwiihUfa% end iiethefa% 
efaie.lDfvoTelhat^ cheifedH iqiee fliMe ettpieyed hyme'; thin 
jBm% flonof tiieeM Bdeioiid^ pieia«edttWiWiiguiltoaeai»- 
iMngeoeneadb kaidef {irottBaentt he iio« pieleidB, .iitaarihed 
hySir William flovpeis Bdwtfd Bute^ end Mmfteir Henistm); 
frinle hands nfenmrtri i Ibend to have been iknatftef&hidt ee 
effl^ ot y ear^ df he he ealled iiptfn to predate the eajdryiyer^ yASid 
Sir. WiBiaaitflaivM* iahweto jedj^efhts c^mbtmk^VfMoip' 

^'Nohai had flattened hhaeeli; that<he{»rayer «ffhk petition 
laoaW haie heea readii^ franted, ^Mwi thaltlie Bfceeoihwtien ef the 
idatMr efvttiwMld haee heeb rdhtfed «e the before^ MM i tiuafld 
liiiiMiininnetai (appoiated in cenMquenee et Ool^att Talhote firti^ 
tliHi) fNTYeTiMiag the setdsneiit'of frelaadi fie ^ught hke- 
eii£ fliBie oC fiadieg pewerfa) fiieedd etneagilMtaH' n^o e^oaldhdlh 
•fife4he/dflfedtB of hb evidence^ eed did aet faMdea het Ihey wciela 
faegiad to countenance eyery thing ^^at eeald tfa]ioier«telleeli€Mi ee 
Aa ddke «f Oaaatade. fiel (he .eedM^ef eefmcH tfn M>v«mber 
$eth» i^<|ainig Um to piov^hie eU««iilkieeheibM tiie be»d> eff- 
(My dtaaaanertod all hk taeaiiMk.' I* ttcf IbUOiiehig ttieielh, 
vRhe» he was la predate hie urttbeiiMi ^meeeatta^ Ae efder, h% 
lledanlad aaoter pO r tk i i to iibs kiag^ ffvyieg «>lhet hie laejitotf 
weulJ km gim i o ariy jdeaMd ^ erdtt*, tiwifr eetonel Richard TMhel 
mi^t appear before nis majesty at council, to dedare his htlbi^ 
M^of ihaaMtterd^^ia|rbelv#eeahiegMi^lheMfie «f Or-. 
HModd^ead 4he petitieiile^* IMamm gteMd^ hel TiNMeppMi- 
haBBsre.1hafcifci&i|^t pieve et hM^t e seaedeletilr ^Adf^ >eed tfiet 
hnaelf asfjht pesobly be'iiivoleet inTOie e^eMe wkleh i^diMrted^ 
Ihettghtlittoiprateed boshMs M belaiid, leri tost <mt Ibrttet 

hh^dom. Nolan hereapon presented anotiier petitieii, #hich ires 
teadiii Jsmosiy )9t^ fa^eeMil; i^peeMitieg, 4hM h6 w«»iiot 
sdAstainredDtfe hiswitmsieshefeft«1d# ttajs^ b Bsglaed^ ea^ 
that colonel Richard Talbot had4^>arM M 'Irskaiid befbre his 
hnowled^ in the premises had been examined, and that the rest 
ef h|B witaesBesivese in Jrelatri^ ttd in IhelMords of his majes* 

tot mafosr avB ^NTiqvmtt 

tf€AtiMp^,miA dOer courts b tbaildhgdom diat could ftnrOiir 
juftify lad dewtiie true afieg^<mi of tli6 petitioner in kit said 
Conner petition; fnr which reeton he pmyed that his liiejeslM^ would 
hepleased to ocder, that the nej^ticmer's witnesses, and all other 
necessary j^mifi concerning tne premises might be examined in 
DubUn heme any persons uiat his majesty shcmld tiimk fit.' 

** After seven weeks' trifling ia this maimeri without prodadng 
any one witness, it was not thought reasonable to countenance 
Nolan's new shift and pretences ; so thai no order was made lor 
^yt^m\nmg witussses in Dublin* Yet the man met with such ex* 
traordinary indulgence, iliat upon a representation fit>ai some bod^ 
at die board (for it is not mentioned in Nolan's petition) * that Sir 
Bernard Gasooigne could give an account of what colonel Talbot 
sud on that occaision before his departure for Ireland, it was 
ordered, that Sir B. Gascoigne diould be spoken with to deliver 
Us testimony in writing unto the dtfk of the council attending/ 
This was a new kind of evidence,- which however it was allowed 
on this, was never admitted before on any occasion; yet it did 
not serve die turn. Sir Bernard not being sMe to say any tlung in 
the matter*. At k»t the several petitions of Ndan, and die dm 
of Ormonde's answer, bong read in council in February, tiie king 
dechured, * that the complaint, against the duke for seizing lands 
in the county of Catherlogh without tide, was false and scandalous, 
and commanded, that as such, the same should be dismissed from 
Ae oouncfl hoard.' It happened very luckily for captaiB Ndan, 
that his grace had not yet recriveddie account of his maiidsn al 
Ballennnry, nor the deputy derk of the crown Patrick Lambert's 
certificate, (dated Felvuary lOdi), of the record among the 
pleas of the crown of the county of Catheriogh, containing 
die captab's indictment tar die murder of Thady Nolan, witS 
(he dqiositions rdating to that fret; which did not come tote 
duke till the 2l8t of £at mondi. 

« When these two persons, Bvme and Nobn, weie die only 
iiritnesses that could be found, and their litde parcels of land die 
only instances that could be alleged, to colour die chasge laid upon 
the duke oi Ormonde of passing other people's land for his owit^ 
it must be a stnmae prejudice or a strange weakness in any body 
now to give the least credit or entertainment to so gxoundlessm 

Thus ended this base attack pn the duke of Ormonde, These 
vile attempts to disturb the arrangement of property were allfiiudly 
cnished by die abolition of the commission appointed for reviewing 
the act of setdement; which was aflGtoted in pursuance, of aa 
address to the king, from the English house of commons^ on 20th 
March, 1673. 

In the year 1675, being the twenty^sixdi of the reign of fte 
king, he granted a new charter to tibe borough of Carlow. The 
followiag IS a copy of the document : 

• Chris's Uk of OimQBds,¥Dl« lit p. 431. 

,ie0Miftt WANTSo mr 1^0 cbahim tn $acaifi> va. 


CffABLBs die SEOOND, by did grace of Gtoo, of Biigliiiid, 
Seotiand, Fitmcey and Inlaikl, Eing^ defender of the fiddi, &e, 
to all to whome diese presents shall come, greedng. Whbrbas 
by letters imder our royal signett and signe matfuaB, bearing date 
at our Court at Whitehall^ die nxteenth day of Angns^ wUdi 
was in tiie three and twentyeth yeare of oar raigne^ directed to 
our r^iht trusty and well-beloved conncellor, John Lord Beikdey, 
our Lieutenant-Generall, and (Jenerall Governor of oar ' said 
ICingdome of Ireland, and to the Chiefe Gkivernor or Ckyremom 
diere, for die tyme bring, wee did eigmfie oar Royal! will i^easore 
therein setting, Metiing forth diat whereas numy of the Charters 
of the sevenul cittyes and townes formerly corporate in our sdd 
Kingdome of Ireland have beene by reason of the severall mis- 
carriages and misdemeanors of the smd citdes and townte doreing 
the tyme of the late horrid rebellion in y^ our Kingdome, forfeit^ 
onto as and others of die said corporacons are dissolved or. Other- 
wise determined, soe that insdy wee might reseize all liie liberties 
and franchises diat have been by any of our RoyaH anoestors 
granted to the said corporadons, if wee would take the fall and 
uttmost advantage y* wee legally might against them, and that 
whereas wee were graciously pleased for the incouragement of 
trade in our said Kmgdom of Ireland, to extend oar &vour to 
soch of die said corporacons as our said laeutenant-Oeilerall and 
(GrenOTal! Governor of our said Kingdome of Ireland diould judge 
best merittmg the same, and to grant unto them new Charters: 
with such lands and other privileges, liberties, and advantages 
ibrmeriy belonging onto them, as should appear unto Oor said 
Lieotenant-Generall and Generall Governor of oar said Kingdome 
of Ireland, to bee fitt and reasonable to be granted unto them^ 
wee did therefore by our aaid letters declare our royall will and 
pleasure, add did ^ereby'give unto our said Lieatenant- Generall 
and Generall Governor of said Kingdome of Ireland, foil pbwer 
and authority upon humble suite knade unto our said Ideutenant^ 
GeneraQ and CTenerall Governor of our sslid Kii^ome of Ireland 
W the n&enibers of die swd severall citties and Hiifrt^ to cause n^ 
charters by the advice of our ledmed counceU in diatourkingdom^ 
br so^e <A th^m to bee passed unto ye said citties and tdwqb 
form^ly con>orate respectively nnde^ the greate seale oi our- said 
Ufigdome 6f Ireland in sach manner as our said lieutenant generall 
and genertdl governor of ours^Eiid kingdome of, Ireland should 
Hdiflce ^tt ; and whereas Robert .9towne Esq., late pokH^reeveof our 
towne 'aad borrottgh'of Caitheriagh in oui; ibunty of 'Cath^lagh 
m <^,|«bVince of Leii^er iti odr said kingdom of IteUtid/'and bv 
ti^ f^'Wgesses fmd oonim^itye of the said towneand btunrougl^ 
dikiety con^dering oto* gmce and ^unty freely intetided to oor said 
dtdes atid townes cOi]porate in our said Idngdome of Irdandhave 
bumbly petitioned us diat wee wocdd bee graciously pleased to grtjEttt 
QQto ^em a^iew charter fir the saiid l^ougb and to incorporate 


vilnmtT As29> AimqiMiGs 

of our 8aid townc^^MP l^ilMAjIfh >Df GMlMltil^ %M such frahchiset, 
^*W*i^ !WviJfltew>..aad a^T^iif^ig)^ as ft^ fpnp«dy,jp^^r ««eh 

4uq«jlr)i^our aittTU^ aidiflie #Uj|^porU,9( tpe 9a]4 ^li^.^^ .4«i4 
whffT^jKM ap^ pj^riqusly^leas^ for tte|?ettef' ifli; 

1^ nte^e f!^C(i^ 

|«ngdQmQf.J»dau4iap4. . . ^ ; , , . ^ ^r ,^ u . 

tfoirewa ^m wilder our ^pyitfl, si^et^ and e^^e 'ipaiuuVl t^ 
i(^ di^te .atioMr.gqu^t at; VTUiteb^l.tb^ sa^d.sijcteen^h jiJ^*)^ ^Ajx^ 
whicb wj#iij|,ft^ sftid three aud twe^jjieth yeire of^urniij^^^c 
}Q]Q^Ued lA tb^TOPl«i:of Que h^h ooiirt 9£ ^banA^erv Iq Qujr>^dI^D^^ 
dom^of ^if^and, h^y e dec! veii^ jordmiiied».apd appQipt^. s^iudi w^ 4^ 
b]^tbe9ff PW*wtsforu^ ourljeii:^,^^ succefsorB, 4^^9ice^yf^n^ 
mi.^jgf^}^ ^fQresmdtowiiepf Cai;h?rl0^ and aU apd^i^; 

|ul9r «ia$4egp me^u!|gfs4t»^^^^^ edifipes^ bui^djngp^^- 

wLiwwej^iwiw.ftWfaBpfir*^^ QC^n^^^^ .9r wWkl^ 

I?yjjhe8i^jr^aent».i w^^tfcerw^Q'dwby^w jfQsw 

f%y^^ •'^v ^W^* ^i"" ' Bl '\'"'J -...-|»^ J ^- - -,. r^-^-i-r^ 

ffwi^f 9a*aa4 » ^^iwnity^^^.^ tih^t aH y^.-, io|i 

WP« pf tPfs^ pjTpfiWtis one body /cprpprs^tq i^d p<>Ul*<Pfti8ftJi?i,. 

i.viiataofivar< Batuca^of. idna uav 


or TBB cqt^rrir of ^^n&ov. ftH 

««d to doe and oxecole ail o^ier mattoB and tlu^.by (he namo 
a forea ai fj , and tfaat by the nmie of aoyeraigqa.ft^t rtlg i Hi ii w tmi 
mmiBiipitye of the bontM^gfa of Cathaiingh ti^ |^k0ad^^b#egkiih 
fibadsd, aiw wi^ and bee ao^woredf dabfid and l9aa drfs^^ 
iw oar heirs i^id sopca^^orai ^a^b^fi^na wbalspeverjuatica^iaid 
JHdgeeofue» our beires apd aucee^sons in whateoevar ooiiftsof «% 
oar heirea ^fid anccf^^ora ffod ^arbaie whavaeoaiiw* of andb ^ 
in^nnerof ooifpiM, suites, pleas» quarnella and da m anfli adiaiioaifei^ 
agionst thaa or by them inf any niannnr.fa be p9fiffU0d0f obtaiaaiL 
iiiid that &qy the said 80Teraig4e and .Iree biicgiBiMi of.lbawiid 
biirrqiigh and their sucpesaoiv for oiiw shall hAViO fiitt pQw^-ani, 
authority to fi^ose, retucn^and send io discrae(ta and fitt OMln i^ 
sanre and attend in every padi^WMili hereafter to betbaldiitt,' atar 
said Idngdoipe of Irefoiu^ and that such men sae chosen^ ii»tmna4. 
i|nd seaty may have fidl power and authority to debate aiild aOBSttk 
of B9ch affairs and matters asah^ bee tiiere dtelarad ^nd jlJp^vitAtf , 
totbemaadotWs, thereupon fi^y to give thar TOtea. ima to doe 
jf^id exeottte all other things wh^tsoevor as fully and fisealy aa any. 
o^r bftrgesses of any other anoient burrougb in oar said kii^gdome 
.of Iralapd or in our said kiagdoma oi En^nd in parUament theft. 
Jiasre ^acuatomed to doe and e^oute; whaaa&raiirae will and by 
•%^ J9^af/« ^ fisj our hejrs Wl Bucoessara wa-doe give and gsaiit ' 
^ ^foffimi- sovaraigpe and &ee burgesses of the said bairaogh 
ipd lii^ aaaca9aocs^a4dalsowedoo.£9r us, our bmres andauoces- 
JWa taquire end c<»qinand all sbenffs, officers andminiBters what- 
Uparar of .i4S»oiff httias and ssaoaessprd of oar said awmtf of Ge» . 
Ibarlagb {br the time being to wbott any- onr-writt or writia of ^ 
jiitifi&Hi of burgesses of parliament witlnn oar said ooanty of 
C^(Brl9f^ at. any time ^ir ^times haraaftar shall be diaeatad, that . 
m^ #a^ sheriff, offiow or minister to whmn any suah^mr wsittot^ 
^YTfitta abf^l ^ da^^cted el^ malm thetf |i^^ to the spvaraigi^ 
.|sid6^.bmgai»ie8 of the said burrougji for the tyoae being for the 
^Bating aiidseturning two of th^ buigessesacoMiting to tte faKBm 
]«iDd. irffaalcof the saaoa writt or WEtUai and these or fr^ 
jftiQlbne^' thereof shall bee as well to the said sOYeraigne and &ee 
.^ofgesaes of Ae said burrough and their suoeessors as to all and 
.eii^^iilar fte^8bari&9 .officers andmmisters whatsoever of as^orhaira 
endiaiMCcasiiprs, or sufficient warrant and discharge in that behalf. 
j4pd:to tbe.ii)tant.tbat it may appear to after times that this new 
frnpoftttkn 'W4s at fint competed of bopast» . discreel men, wee 
4^ mA^ awHninate tmi comitate the said Robert Browne^ £flq. 
to bee tbe fiinrt and modeme soveraigne of the.said burrough, to 
apptme m the same office until tiie fesatof St* MicbaeUtheAadk* 
eegeU m$A after the data of these paent^; and wee doe by tfaMe 
jui^i/a iaati^ute, ordaine and^appoii^e that the said BobectBroimef 
before be ,take upon him to execute the said place of soirei;aigoe <^ 
%» said burrougb, by v^tue of these pstnis, doe taketthe oaAa 
ol sopremaipy established oy aet of parliament aecuado EHiaabpiAe 
.Viftb.kii^Mie^.siidthe oath ef aUagianpe, besidaa the oatb hiM« 


4ofim ufluidly telntti upon tiie admLsdoii of my pson ititd Qie tMet 
-of «tttre8v«*of die saul'lmrnnigfay and dsa tliia ensoefaig ooUi, m. 
I^ Robert 'Br6 WD, doe dedare and believethatit is not UwfiiU upon 
'Bofffienee'iAadaso&Yerio take armes egatpst tlse king, and that I 
<doe itikor yt« traytenma positioii of tuliig\aniie8 by Bis autiiortty 
rngtSaaat bis paon, or against tboae that are commtfeskmed by him, 
4toe hdpe mee God : the said oadis to be taken before our trusty 
and wdbeloved councdlor Sir John Temple, knight; master of ^ 
ttdls in our said kmgdome of Irdaod, whome wee doe hereby "im* 
power and anthoffixe to administer to ye- said Robert Browne, Esq. 
Midoalhs. And wee doe likewise make, nominate and constitute, our, 
tniBlf nd welbelored oouncellor ^ J<^n Povey, knight, chiefe 

Clieoof#iur court of chief place m our said kingdome of Ireland, 
WiiUam^Femple baronett, John Nicholas, Esq., Robert Browne^ 
Bsq., Edward Reynolds, gentleman, Jdm Warren, Esq^ Robert 
CnrtiB, If iehall Heade, gent 8amudl Blackshaw, gent Sir Thomas 
•Butkri bart, Sir J6bn Davallier, kni^t, Henry Berkeley, Esq., 
«nd John Tench, gent> to bee first and modem twelve free burgesses 
vtif the said buifough, to continue in tiie said office of free burgesses 
*of Iheiuiid burrough during their sererall lives, mJesse that they 
«r any of them in the mean time for misbehaTiour or other reason- 
Bblecausedian be removed from the siud office or offices; and wee 
'4loe likewtse by these p$etiiM institute, ordaiae md appoint that the 
«aid Sir John Povey, Sir William Temple, John NichoiaB, Robert 
•Browne, Edward R^BOIda, JcAm Warren, Robert Curtis, Michdl 
-Heade, Samuel! Blackshaw, Sir Thomas Butler, Sir John Da^ 
<irallier, Henry Berk^y and John Tench rei^pectively, b^orethey 
^ir any- of them take upon them to execute the said place or places 
'^ free buigessesof the said boiTough by virtue ci tbese-^Miilf, 
idk>e take ye« aforesaid severall oalhs of ^lupremaey and aBegianoe, 
iiesideB tiie oalh hereto for e usually taken upon the admisiuonirfany 
f90n orpaons into ye* ofl&ce of frae buigeesesof ^saidbunoi^, 
and also this ensueing oath, vis. I, A. B. doe declare and believe 
4bat it is not lawAdlupon any pretence u^atM>ever to take anniBS 
against Ae long, and thatt I doe abhor that traytoroos ^ositkHi of 
taking armes 1^ his authority against hiapsan oragaimtt^oselhatt 
are commisskmed by him, soe heipe mee God : the said oailhs to 
hee taken before the said Robert Browne^ being first sworn afpnt- 
uigne of the said bunrough, whome wee doe here4»y impower and 
«nthoriseto adminiBter to the said Sir John Povey, Su* Witliaia 
Temple, JohnNuholaSi Rob^ Browne, Edward Reynolds, John 
Waxren, Robert Qia-tis, Michall Heade, Samuell Blackshnwe, % 
Thomas Butler, Sir John Davaliier, Henry Berkeley and Jdm 
Tench, severally and respectivdy the said oathes. And wee doe 
' itkewise make, constitute and nominate Jc^n Smith, Richard Curtis, 
Jdka Paagett, Richard Browne, Thomas HoUyday, and William 
Sc<riey, end such other psona who are atpaetfi free of the s«d 
burrough together with all the inhabitants of the said towne, mid 
see nuuiy o&er paom as the soveraigne and bee burgesses of the 
a|id burrough lor the time being ^haU admht into the d^ooie of 



er vi(B COUNTY or cAiuboMr. Ktl 

tiie MMd'buitoagb to liee of tliecMiiiuiiityo'orttieMid'Immliigb. 
And wee doe by ik^psenta fkrtlker ofdakie, institute and appoiiite^ 
tiiat ntie pertoporpereonfl tbatghali hereafter bee elected 8 0»e r dgi» 
or bui^peeee of the eaid borrongh of Callieriag)i ebiiD bee capeUei 
of holding, enjoying or executing mny Ae said oflKces, plans or enW' 
ployments nntill hee or diey shall have taken the aforesaid oafli bi 
fii^remacye and the oath of aUegiante, besides tilie oathea vsoal^ 
takeanpon the adansson of any psons into His said respeda^ 
offices, places or em^oymehts, and also this ensneingoaflij viz% 
I, A« B. doe declare and believe, that it is not lawfiill upon any 
ptenca whatesoever to take annes against the king, and that I dee 
abhor that traytorous position of takmg armes by his andiority^ 
against his person or against those tiiat are commissioned by biai^ 
soe helpe mee Qod : the said oathes to be taken before sadipenMRi 
orpsow as shall admit them to the said sevemll offices, plaesaawl 
employmentB, who are.hereb^ anpow«:ed,anthoriaed andveqaired 
to administer to them the smd oiuthes and upon^any maApBom or 
paons refbsall to take ye. said oathes» the election of such p§an mt 
psona into any the said offices, places or Employments is heveby 
declared to bee absolutely null and void, sdch paana only excepted 
with whose takeing the said oaUi of supiemacye the lord lieutenant 
or other chiefe governor or governors of our said kingdome of 
Ireland lor the time being for some particular reasons shall thinke 
fitt by writmg under his or their imnds by nAme to dispense. And 
oar will and pleasure further is, and wee doe by diese jpsenis for usj^ 
oar heires and successors grant unto the said soveraigne, free bur- 
gesses and communitye of the said burrougli and their succeseiOKs^ 
tiiat tiie said soveraigne and free bmgesses of the sfddburrough for 
die tjfme being, shall and may an the feast of St. John Ihe Baptist 
yeariy for ever assemble themselves in some convenient plaoa 
within the said burroogh, and that the said soveraigne, free burgesses 
bong soe assembled, or the major js^^ of them, before they, departs 
may there elect one of the more discreete free burgesses of tbe^ 
ssid bnrroagh to the cdSce of soveraigne of tiie said^borrough^ who* 
haveing taken the aforesmd severall oal^es in manner as'amesaid> 
may enter upon ^e txecucon of the said office for one jroare fron|f 
the feast of St Michaell the archangell HufkL next foUawmg, and 
untiU one other of 1^ burgesses of the said burroogh bse dxAjf 
choeen approved of and swome to thatoffice in mamier as afcMesaicu 
And furUier of our lik^ espeddl grace, certain knowled^ and^ 
meere moeon^ wee will and by these ps^nta for us, our hens and 
successoTB doe grant unto the said soveraigne, free buigesses and. 
communitye of the said bnrrough fmd their successors, that if and 
as <^en as it shall happen that the soveraigne of the raid bnrrough. 
for the tyme being wi^in the yeare after hee is chosen andswoma 
to the office of soveraigne of the said burrough aswaforesaidlhall 
dye, or any wayes avoyd his said office that then aadsoe often fte 
&«e burgesses of the said burrough andtheiv successors, or tiie 
mijjor j»/e of them, shall and may within fifteene dayes after sucb. 
vacancye chuse another fitt paon oil the said number of free bar- 
gesses to thesoveraigneshippeof ^. said burrough, for the govendi^ 

.of llMtiidlown^ daring the reridtte of ike aiMyea^^ end that evfi^ 
fiMM orj^on^y tothe Budofficeof soYereign of tlie said bunrough soe 
m afoesaid oboeen, AaH and may execute the office of eoYeraigne 
df the said buirougiif untill the kuet of St. Michaell the arckangelly 
nfizt after fuch ekctlonyhee first taldog tiie aforesaid several oaths 
in slieh aianoer as in these fsenU is set forth. Andfurther^ because 
tfie soveraigne for ^e time being may many times hare just occasion 
io bee absent from the said burrongh of Gatheriagh, either for the 
pofalic affiiffs thereof^ cm* on bis own urg^t occasions ; >vee doe 
tiiarafore for us^ our heirs and successors by these pBenit give and 
griott imtaye« said soveraigne and free burgesses, and their suecee* 
aors, thai Ae said Robert Browne and his successors, soveraigne 
jol &e said burrongh for die time bdng, and every of them ihall 
have fiifl potver from tyroeto tyme during his tyme of government 
tvilb tihe eonsent of the burgesses of the said towne, iot the time 
beii^ or of the greater pte of them, to substitute in his absence 
some disereett and Rubstsntial pBon^ being one of the number of 
Ae liniig^ssesy inhabttting in the said towne and burrouch, to bee 
the deputy soveraigne of the smd burrough during the absence of 
the said sovend^e ; and such deputy soveraigne for the tyme b«ng« 
wee doe by ik^epeeniSf fiiUy and absolntely authorize to doe and 
exeeute all things whatsoever belonging to the said office or place 
of soveraigne, during the absence of such soveraigne in as large 
imd ample manner, as if the said soveraigne himselfe were psonaujf 
peent ; such deputy soveraigne bdbre he enter upon the said office, 
first taldng the aforesaid several respective oaths, before the said 
soveraigne and burgesses then pseni, wbome wee doe hereby 
authorize duleiy to administer the same. And further our will and 
pleasure i% and wee doe by these peenis, for us, our heirs and 
■uecessors, make, ordain and appomt the soveraigne of the ^d 
burrough of Catheriagh, for the tyme bebg, to be a justice of tb0 
peace within the said countie of Gatheriagb, and within the bounds 
and lunitts of the smd countye, during the time fliat bee shdl bee 
soveraigne ; and wee doe hereby give full power and authority unto 
the eevenugne of the said burrough, for the time being, to doe and 
execute all and every act and acts, tfabg and fiiiogs, whatsoever^ 
lirittin the bounds and lyroits of the said countve of Cadier^aefa, 
in as absolute and ample manner as any justice of the peace Witaitt 
oar said coontye of Catherlagh^ may or ought to doe, by tbelawi 
and statutes of this realme. And fiirther of our more especiall grace, 
oertmn knowle^, and meere mocen, by and with the advice, 
and consent aforesaid, wee will, and by iSieee psents^ for us, our 
bars and snccessorSy doe grant unto the said soveraigne, free bur« 
gesaes and communitye of the said burrough and their successors, 
thattf any of the fi^ee burgesses of the said burrough, sOe as afore* 
sUd m these p«^ff/> named, or any of the free burgesses of the 
said burrongh, hereafter to] be chosen, shall die or are removed 
bun thm offices, which fi«e burgesses and every or any of thein 
nMiehavliig themselyes in that c^ce, our will i^ that they bee re* 
moveaUe at the Measure of the soveraigne, and the maior pte. of 
the free btu^ssee of the said burrongh for the tyme being ; Ihat 


fhtetk tte sofcraigne and the rest of flie free b ti r gdBiM of die Mud 
Irurrough for the tyme bemge, vd^an seaveii days after tlio deatii 
or reniovaD (^ sadi finee bui^gesse or burgendesy AsM. and nay 
asaemUe diemaelveB in some convenient place widun tiie said dor* 
roagb, and tliat die said soveraigne and free ba rgeas e s being so 
assembled, or the taajotpie of them before they uepte, shaD and 
may dect one or so many as shall be wanting of die aforesaid 
number of twelve free bm^esses, of the better smd more discreete 
inhabitants of the said burrongh, into tiie place or places of diat free 
bnrgesae, or those free bnrgesses soe dead or removed from Uieir 
aforesaid offices, to continue in the same office or offices dorii^ 
their natnrall lives, unless for misgovenraient or^ misbehaviour in 
that bdbaMe diey or any of diem shall be removed ; and diat everr 
psoM so chosen to the office of a free burgesse of the said burrou^ 
before bee bee admitted to execute that office, and widiin seven 
days 'after such eUeeouy shall take die aforesaid several! oadis of 
sofMremacye and allegiance, and likewise hb corporate oa^ before 
the soveraigne of the said burrough for the dme bemg, or before 
die residue of the free burgesses of the said burrough then survivein^ 
and in y«* said offices remaining or die maior p(e of diem, wdH 
and foithfolly to exercise the office of a free burgesse of die said 
buntMigh ; to which said soveraigne for the tyme bang, and to the 
free bmi^esses or the maior pie of them for die tyme beingi wee 
doe by m&si^psents give frdi power and audiority to administer the 
aforesaid severaH oaths to such free burgesse newley swome, and 
soe often as in die like case shidl happen. And fordier of our espe* 
tiidl grace certun knowledge, and meere mocon, by and widi die 
adnce and consent aforesaid, wee doe by these psenis for us, out 
bars and successors, give and grant Qnto the sm sovereigne, free 
bnrgesses and communitye of the said burrongh, and didr succes- 
sors, that they and tbeir successors for ever shall and may have, 
and hdd a court in some convenient place within die said burrough, 
to be held before the soveraigne of die saidbmrough for the tyme 
being, and to hold pleas in die said court ev^ry rhursday from 
week to week, of m and singular accons of debt, covenant, tres* 
passe, detinue, contract and psonall demands, whatsoever, hap 
pemng or arising in or within tiie sud burrongb or the fiberdes 
thereof not exceeding the sume of five markes sterl., and y^* y^* 
eourt bee reputed, and accounted a court of record for ever. Aixd 
bur fiirdielr win and pleasure is, and wee doe^ by these psenis, of 
onr ISce especiall grace, certain knowledge and meere moconj by 
and with die advice and consent aforesaid, gratit Unto die said so- 
veraigne, free burgesses and communitye of the sai^ burrongh, and 
didr successors for ever, diatthey and their successors from tyme 
to tyme as often as diey shall think fitt, shall and may congrejpEKte. 
and assemble themselves in some convenient place within the stdd 
boiTough, and in dieir assemblyes there make, appomte, ordain and 
establidie such acts, ordinances and by lawes for the good and 
wholesome government of the said burrough, and of the inhabi- 
tants Hiereol^ ^ fliey or die maior pt0 of them ahaD thinkfitt and 


liiecewary ; and that thqr may have power and authority to punisli^ 
chastise aiid oorroct^ by £nes and pecuniary mulcts^ whatsoever 
Busik fsonSf^ka are offenders against such ormnances and by lawes, 
6oe t£at the said acts ordinances and by lawes, fines, and mulcts, 
be reasonable, and not contrary or repugnant to the lawes and 
statutes of our smd kingdome of Irdand, nor any the rules, 
orders and directions made and established by our Heutenant, and 
councell of our said kingdome of Ireland, for the better regulating 
of the saidborrougb of Catherlagh, amongst other our citties walled 
townes and/;^iji^ac^«, within our said kingdom of Ireland. And 
■fiirther wee will, and by iheaepserUs, foruB, our beirs and succesi- 
aors, doe grant unto the said soveraigne* free burgesses and comr 
munityeof thesaidburrough, and their successors for ever, that 
they may have a guild mercatory, within the said burrough, and 
the same or the lil^ caman seale which the portreeve, fr^ burgesses 
and conununitye of the saidtowne, lately had; to bee ingraven with 
each forme and inscription as they shall think best to serve for the 
affairs of the said burrough for ever ; and that they may from t)rme 
to tyme, forever, as often as need shall require, elect, ccmstitute, 
and ordame of themselves two serieants at mace, and otlier infe- 
rior officers, and ministers necessary for the better government of 
the said •burrough, and the inhabitants thereof. And every pson, 
8oe firom tyme to tyme chosen, constituted and ordained, wee doe 
make, constitute and ordain to bee serieants at mace and other 
officers, and ministers of y** said burrough respectively, and to 
^continue In their said offices duriqg their good behaviour or at the 
Avill and pleasure of the said soveraigne, free burgesses and com* 
iQunitye of the said burrougih ; and that every such serieant, officer 
and minister, before bee bee admitted to exercise his office, doe 
take his corporall oath, before the sovereigne of the said burrough 
for the tyme being, well and faithfully to behave himself in Ms 
office. Ajad further of our like especisul grace, certain knowlec^ 
andmeere mocon, we doe, by ^esepsents, for us, our heires and 
successors, give and grant unto the said soverugne, free burgesses 
imd comuumitye of the said burroughs and their successors, for ever, 
that the soveraigne of the said burrough for the tyme being, for 
ever shall bee clerk of themarketf^ widiin the said burrough, and 
tbe liberties thereof aud that hee shall have from tyme to tyme, 
fidl power and authority to doe and execute all and every ^ng 
and things, to the said office of clerke of the markett^ within the 
said burrough, belonging or in any wise appertaining, soe that noq 
other clerke of the markett of us, our heirs and successors, shall 
enter into the said burrough or ye* franchises thereof, to doe or 
execute the said office of clerke of the markett or any thing to the 
said office of clerke of the markett, within the said burrough be^ 
longing or appertaining. And whereas, we are fully satisfied 
that it is of great importance to our realme of Ireland, and will 
tend much to the advancement of trade, traffique and commerce, in 
our said kingdome, that all sorts of manu&ctures should bee im- 
proved therein, and that the said sovereigne, fi::ee burgesses and 

or THB covstr m oiafiow. 817 

eonuBtmitye, have dedaisd . thenudveB wflliiig^ and 'fcnrasd to 
ffhre tSL laeoarageiiieDt and fiiriiieraiiee to foe good a workay there* 
late, Mr will and pleasure is, and tiie eaid eoveraigfie^ £see biir» 
gessee and oominiuutyey of tiie said barroi^h of Cathiriagh, doe 
for diemsdves and their successors acoordii^y grant and agre^ to 
and with us oar heirs and successors, in manner and Ibnnefolbww 
ing, that is to say : that it shall and may bee hiwM to and te 
every ffion eoidpsonSf as well strangers and aliens, as our subt 
iects of Protestant religion who are or shall bee traders, artiaansi 
or otherwise skilled and exercised in any misteiye, craf^ or trade, 
or in the wockeing or makeinr any manufacture, who shall at any 
time hereafter att or befcxe me end of the next session of parlia* 
ment to bee held in our said kingdome of Ireland, coaie into thf 
said burroij^ of Catherla^ with intent and purpose there to int 
habitt and dwell upon his or their reasonaUe suite or requeetmade 
ia tiuit behalf, and upon payment or tender of ttrenty shillii^ 
by way of fine unto the soveraigne of the said towne, to be admit* 
ted a freeman of the said buxrough of Catheriagh, and duriag 
his or their residence Ihere to have, exerdse and enjoy all piivilegea 
and imuaityes of tradeing, buying, workeing, and seUmg:, in as 
large and ample manner as any fi-eeman of the said burrougfa, nay 
have, exercise or enjoy the same, by vertoe of hb or thdr fieedom^ 
any tlung in tiiese our Ires patents contamed to the contrary tiiece* 
o^ notwithstanding^ Our royal will and pleasure is, and wee doe 
hmby grant, and decUre ftat every Bficlt' pson and fsom^ wh» 
shall bee admitted to bee firee of tiie said burroogfa, inmlttner aa 
aforesaid, shall from thenceforth bee deemed, estaenaed, and takeoi 
and bee denizen and denizens, within this kbgdome, and diaU and 
may have, hould and eaioy all other fiieedoms; benefito and advan- 
luges granted, or intended by Ihe said actas; any former law, slatiite^ 
charter, usage or custome of our said kingdome of Irelaiid, or of 
die said burrough of Catherlagh, or.otherwise to the contrary there- 
of in anywise notwithstanding ; provided nevertheless, and our 
expresse will and pleasure is, that all such strangers, artificers and 
otbera who shall bee admitted fireemen, in manner as aforesfud^ 
before hee or they bee admitted freemen, doe take the oath of al^ 
legiance, and such other oaths as are directed and iq>pointed in 
such cases to be taken, in and by the said act^and shall pay beare 
and sustaine all such and like charges as qthere fireemen, our sub- 
iects of like trade, craft or mistery, shall or doe usually beare, and 
pay within the said burrough. And further of our ample graoe^ 
certain knowledge, and meere mocon, by and with the advice, and 
consent aforesaid, wee doe, by these prejs^nts, for us, our heirs an<i 
successOTB, grant unto the said soveraigne, firee burgesses and com* 
munitye of me said burrough, and their successors for ever, that 
these our Ina patents or the inrollment thereof, and every clause, 
and article therein contained, shall be construed, interpreted and 
adiudged to the greatest advantage, benefitt, and fovour of the 
eaid soveraigne, free burgesses or coinmunitye of the said burrough, 
and tiieir successors, against us our heirs and ■nccessjovs, as weH 

inallfliiroDirti andelie when asia ourgiudJd^gidomaf Ircbw^ 
M «k«wiicra wfceresoever, without any otber con/cnnacon, ly« 
eroeeor toiler aeon liereafterito h^epcured w obtained, aotwith- 
•tending that our writt t>f ad quod damnvnif had not iseaed to 
^tMjaira of its pmi^aes befora rtbe making of tboae our Ires patents, 
•end notwithstanding any other defect or any other cause, matter or 
llang whataoeTer, to the contraFy theroo^ although noe exprie^se 
m0ncon baa made of the true yearely vallue or certainty of the 
pmiss e$f orof any gnift or grant heretofore made by ua or any of 
oat pgmiiiorSf to these the said soyeraigne^ free ourgeBcaa and 
f omaaunstye, of tha aaid buiroug^ of Catherlagh, or either of them, 
of &e said jDimM^^, in these jaMii/« any statute act, ordinance, 
proTiMon or re^MccoH, or any other cause,*matter or thing what* 
aoever to the contrary thereod^ in uiy wise notwithstanding. And 
wae further wiH and by these j»«^if/« for us 'our h^res and saccea- 
Bors, doe grant that these our hrcM patent, shall be passed under 
the great aeale of our said kingdome of Ireland, unto them the 
aaid soveraigne, free burgesseia and eommunitye of the burroi^h of 
Catherlagh, and their successors for ever, without any fine, greats 
or small, to bee rendered or paid unto ua our heires and snccessers 
in our hsBDEper of said Idngdome of Ireland; provided always, that 
Akese oor Ires patents bee inrolled in die rolls of our higb court of 
dianoery in our aaid Idngdome of Ireland, within the space of six 
months next .ensoii^ the date of diese psenie, any statute, act, 
opdinaaee, ptiMon, or, reetriecon, or any other cause, matter or 
tiling whatsoever to the contrary hereoff in any wise notwithstand- 
ing, Ik witness whereof, we havecaased these our ir^a to bee 
made patanta, Witnesse our aibr^said lieutenant general! and 
gienenul governor of our aaid kibgdom of Irdand, att. Dublin, the 
four and twentyeth day- of December, in the sis and twentyetfi year 
of oar raigno. ^. . 

AJ). itSBL The country in geiieral, and our county not 1^ 
flian Imy other part of it, seems at this period to have reached 
some degree of order ; piroperty was secure, the laws were respected 
&iid.the professors of me reformed religion were now ao eligibly 
circumstanced^ that, (as may be collected from the feflowing pas- 
sage in a letter from a chaplain of the duke of Ormonde), Ireland 
tiras considered a desirable plac^ of refuge for the perseented Pro* 
testants of France. ^' Joignez d tout cela/' says the writer, <Ma 
douceur des loix, et Texcdlenoe du gouvemement sous lequd on 
vit ici 80H8 les meillpur des rois, qui ne se propose de goaveiver 
que par des loix si donees, et qui est d'autant plus padaitement 
un daces dieux etde ces enfansdu souverain,dontparlerecritur9'; 
qu'etant vrayment monarque, il ne peut etre (yran. Ajoiftte? encore 
la veritable liberie, et la propriete de Uens dont joait ici le aujet; 
Bans ctre expose d se voir accable de taxes et d'imp6t8, ou raimg^ 
de gena'de guerre."* This flattering picture was, however, sooti 

Of TH8 COtrVTr' OF CAVMfW. 319 

^imreven^; th^ time speedily arrived, wheil instead df pekotf 
aiidr protpefitjTy Ir^and presented a ecene of tumult and disorder ; 
and hafff vmd it have iMsea lor tiffi irifataated Jaiaes IL^ had he 
Mloiwed &aeicample<ef faismoremoderktebrolbcbr. ' * • « ^ • f 
, Nardbsut Marsli wati a ^^nte d to the tmriippine of Lei^liUii an d 
ftems, m iil82. ^ He was* Wm' at HmnSogfxmf near fitghworOii 
ifpWiHsfaice, mi ike 20tfa of Debeiahdv, 1039? : By kid fatter'e 
tide he was deseended frokri aSaxbn fomilyV anciently liettled in 
Kent; from mHhioh conaty his great graiid-fathiei^ reAraf^edEto'tlie' 
. place of' lii^ birth. Hie moither's name was Colbutn^ ^ef a IDoteef* 
aUre &mily. Havingpacqairedtbe rudiments ^ tearnixi|^ ek'tRf^ 
worthy and beii^ fatty prepacMU^ enter the iknirerHty^' he wM 
adnutted a stutdent of MagnfeleQ Ua\[, Oxfeifl, tn Jiilyy 18S#; 
and on Ae 3(H]i June, 16^, was elected probatibnei*: Mdwviof 
SxeterrHali. He took lilb degree of roastdr of arts^ Jt]iy> IOBO7 
en the lljkh December^ 1607, that of bachdor bT diitinity y aaod 
on the 23rd June, 1671, the degree of doctorcrf diidnity.; idudi 
degtM%nis again eonferrod:on bith, by tlie dniverslty' of UaUin, 
on tbe'Slth Eebrinry, 1678. Having Ifaoe mfentiinM .tiib daleil 
of yaetoUer promo^nsi. we ishall boW hotica somepassages in<i( 
ilbik aietd>i{igraphy, yet extant. W« Akve great .|>lea6tii^iii aval«> 
119 osmielTes pf this docamient, as it admirael^^poiirtray* ibe dia> 
taetoc and cendact of this' excellent man, distisgaimd** sdiblaiv 
and flxfltoi^ary prelate. 

DnBBg fab residence at themnvefBity, be says, ^^ I betobk m)r« 
edf aerioitBly to tiie study of > the eM philosophy, raadieraatios» Biid 
erieatal hmgln^es ; and before Lent, 1656, (wbed 1 4eok mjf dUi 
gyee of A.B.) I had made a good progress in thein «ll.= :^l; i^if 
then miietoen yearn old and about a quarter, v All Ab whfle.{<oo^i 
stttttly kept an entire fast every week, from Thumd^V'tiit o'clbcls 
al nighty unlil Saturday, eleven at nbon. For whidh God may te 
piaised." At-tlus period be unbent his: mind bi^ odeasidkial ■perc' 
foTflMuice on the bass violg; and by a weeldy eoneer£in' bis (roomie 
V Tbis' I did (he says) as an exerobe, using no otWr'; blit la^ 
bonring bard at my «tudi^ all the rest of tiie wetfk; Yel^ <0 Lori; 
I beaeech tbee to this loss of tiaaT'^and^'tnifi^icbi^ 

verMitioBu" ::•.:♦:!, mo-yo 

f Ho Joeks on bis.promotion to tberaafe of fellow of EhMerffdlfj 
m Ibe event which Jisd to his subsequent su^cesttful^ imrele';! l^U 
U»rch, 1662^ (bemg then a little past twenty-three yeavt Qf*^)i 
) .was iavited up to liOndon to. take tbe living ef Swiodfat^ WUtft^ 
that was Oea void, and in the. king's gift. In order wherediktb l- 
wae pot into foil mders at one and the same time by Dr. Skidli^ 
bishop of Oxford, in E. Hen. VII. chapel, Westminster, though 
then nnde^f^^ for priesthood. The Lord foi^ve us botii ; biM I 
Imew no better but Aat it mt^l^iaHy be done/* ' < - 
. Portly afterwards, he #as appointed: chaplain to:clbctor*ii0tlv 
Ward# bishop of Exeter : " bat pscHeiTittg my studyto alt W(lrtdly^ 
advantage, I still stock close to the university.*' Indeed an attach- 
ment to literary retiremei^ seems to have fcMined a prombent 


9iO snromT Ain> iiimqmviBs 

tnutialiUdilBacter, as we may diaa Icarar :-*-<< fiiidhig that Uu» 
WBBttpBg a gBdflawomaii wotAi ht expected firtifxi me by tboe^ eo 
whoie (arbor I kad already 4iid nmt tmioir depnd^. and iNnng 
avene to entang^gmyfelf in Ae eases of Ae worid, I qahted Hm 
fiting after I kad enjoyed it a year, and ad&ered to my Mowafcip, 
fUmpDg in libe coU^fe aB akmg/' Hamag stated tma affair, be 
ptvf as frUoini : ^< O asy God^ I bless tby holy name for deliveiilkg 
me eat ef the snare diet they bad laid for me ; and if 1 bave done 
•ate fa tkat affiur, I heg tby fo rg i veness : and O Lord, pardon 
Ikem I beMvdi tbee, for wbat tbey designed and acted (noti^fainst 
ase I de think) bol against the intent and purpose of m.y heart 
te ipoBder tiiee and tiiy holy church such service, as in the married 
«MA I cotdd not be able to do^ which is my odv reason why I 
liave Uttttito kept myself a sii^ man. The Lord, my God, 
«fM^ me keneeforlh to be so, that in tins respect also I may re* 
dee m my time/' No one can feel sorpxised, that sack a man 
eotnved at erairiewce* 

Having soocessivdy obtained the appointmente of ehapWn to 
ftftkidMip iOf Exeter, and to loid chanceDor Hyde, earl of Cto-* 
vendoii, be waaoBFthe 12tkol May, WIS, prcmioledto the eCice 
«f IMudpalof Alban HaU, Okford, by the duke of Ohnonden 
AiiaesiBnr of the oniversity. . As an iadividaal of great' lesaming 
^andifcarit^ his.waa.nnflmmondy chosen tO' preach thAanoversavy 
eerm^ on the 5th November, 1667, and tbeaetsermOD in 1678; 
HelMlbata pirevio usl y selected as one of the additieaal pnoetors 
for psaiSfffiBg order in the univeffsity daring tke abode of €%arlee , 
Ilitete^ ja 1M&. . t*hese are the several offices wfavdi He filled 
frerilms 'to hiif removal to Ireland. Throogh the exertions of 
uofller John Pell, find the iwoar of the duke of Ormonde,* thed 
tofd'Heatenaat of JMand^ b^ was nominated by King Charlee 1I« 
asi cQs s Bo r to .Doctor Michad. Ward in the provostship' 6i the 
u m iwlaii y of Dtd>Ifai^ in December 1678 ; and was sworn kto 
odke on the 24ih January following. During his occupancy- of 
ttft eflce of prevost, he devoted nwch time to study ; which, 
U sw we r, HA not prevent the strictest and most<correct performance 
ef Usipnhlie duties*; .By the death of Doctor Boyle^ a vacancy 
occ n r r ed in the bisiiopric of Leighlin and Ferns, which' was filed 
^ tteifrafiMott of DoclMr Marsh, by letters patent^ dated Ihe 
37tb Ffhrnary, 1682. He was consecrated in Christ-dmn;!!^ 
DiMb|») «ft the 6th of May, folbwing, by his metropolitsn, Fraa- 
fss, aroUbidtop of DaUm, assisted by die archbishop of- Ammgh, 
and) Ae biihops of Meaih, KiUare, Oork and Boss, and KUmore. 
With these sees, beheld the rectory of Killefaan, in the diecodi^of 

By an iafuisttion taken at CMow,' on the 2nd Ji»e> 1664^ it 
was found, tfiat Edmiuid Widl, 28rd October, 1641, was Wk^ 
plM«9r and poBsemor of thetowp and land of Ballyleaa and Kil- 
lessne^ hi the parish^ U^gUmy and barony of Catheriogh, ooi^ 

• Hlrrb's Warc^ vol. t. p. 4i9. 118. life. ^ * 

or MB oojDHTv or «4U0w. |tl 

»iiwmg4»> iMndied asd tmtakf i«ire8<of land; put of &• tpwa 
and iMfeof BdlyinlBUy wd Bcow«iMii#, IB <fa^ 
■I aaidbaraoy, f'^aHaJaJBg aUty.apraa of land; part ift tha Imp 
and faui4a of U egUu^ coalamng,-twp Iwndrod aciWy pait ftf Aa 
loam and hawjkof Pq)tedatova» ^ealy ^icrof. 
(L%irifa.U..dkd oii,«a 6|h af Ff^tmmy, 16^. 

.to»^^-^»^™»*»- ^ » iiiti » 



•# • 


jAHte, dul:^ of T^k| saccetded Us brothcfi tbe lata laa^.. 
Being a bigoted Roman CaUidic, he, with a total &regard to hia 
iNtyfe6$ioii8 on accesrfon to tbe tiirone, commencadand ootftinned 
a series of tyrannical acts for tbe fiutberaBce of bis fiect.aiid itk^ 
deprefifeion of hk Ptxitestant subjects. In Ireland^ the aad of da* 
rendon, as being too moderate^ was recaUed from the govetmneD^ 
and colonel Ricbard Talbot. ,cii6ated earl of Tyrconhali a fttrioa^ 
papist, appointed in bis place. One of bis first steps was to dis- 
arm fte Protestant mifilia, which, as has already been noticed^ 
Was established in each county. And notwiAstandbg, that dia 
inemben of tbes6 corps had purchased their own anna, tiiay waro 
required. With an utter disregard of justice, to deposit ftemin Ili» 
)dng's store. 

Among other unjust and IDegal devices fer fha com^^ proatra* 
fion of the Protestant interest, it was resolved to dias6lva the cor* 
)>orationa; but being well aware that the membinrs of diase bodiea 
would never relinquish their chartens unless compellM by law> Tyr* 
connd at first endeavouired to persuade them to admit ftoman va- 
thdlids, in order Ikvta to efiect their subversion. The resdolioo^ 
however, of ffir John Knox, then lord mayor of DnbKn, and of 
ftke board Qf aldermen, completely finistrated that projea^ jmdhB 
Nvas obliged to biing Quo warranto inqiuries against tlie corpom" 
tions in order to effect tbeii^ destruction. 

To piievent tbe transfer of writs of error to Eagiand, all thaa^ 
vexatious inquisitions or quo warranto, were Drought in Hin 
court of Exchequer ; where in two terms judgments were obtained 
ajgainst most of Iftie charters of Ireland. The /chief baron, n 
cntoture of the gc^emment, hurried over the causes with die tnost 
indecent haste, and did not even allow sufficient time for reply 
from the d^endants. While in no case was just ground of cBsfran- 
cbisement alleged, nor Was forfeiture adjudged after a Iwftl trial. 
On pitiful pretences and paltry grovinds were one- hnndr^sd C€rp<^ 
rations deprived of tbe title to their rights and piivilegas.* 

^Kina^s State of the Protestsals. 


BiSVOST ANK ANtl^mMlfir 

' lit iftmie ea<ee lh§ ancioit eknter wag fiupciraed^ by Ike gmi 
of a new me, 'by wliieli no«iittiit» w«¥e coMf tutedl moitera ani 
iMIirtf^lia; 'Wko, wlien imtailed da oiic«, IbHbwftli comiiiiifNNl t» 
prisdii aH the old inembera who itinM not 'submit to'tkeia, 

AiiioDg the rea^ Gteiow didmot^teapa. • The diMrter'graiiled 
by the late Idng was abrogalBd^ and aiiotfacry4>fwhkbl&0lM 
ia a oopy^ iasiied in its atoad. 


JaMBS the 8BC0ND, by the grace of God, king of E^tand. 
Scotland, France and Ir^lf^idi^ 4^fKki^foi the feith, &c. To all 
to whome theae preaenta shall come greeting. Whereas the towne 
of Catherlag^ ia; sfi anci^t towii in thf province of Leiaster and 
county of Catherlagh, and populous, and that the soveratgne free 
buigesses aiad eojnmpnaltye of tiie said towne had and u«ed divers 
fripchises, liberties^ and priviledges, and to bee a bodie politique 
jby.the name, pf soveraigne, firee burgesses^ and conraiCNEialtie of 
the to^vne of Catherlaghy all which, franchises, liberties, And privl- 
ledges, by Judgment of our court of Exchequer in Ireland^ were 
aeised into our hand ; yett wee being willing Uiat a certain order and 
tneihod may be observed therefore, keepinge the peace, and for the 
better reflating and govemiog the said tow|ie, and pur people 
therein innabiting and resorting tOt the same, and fore encouraging 
of trade and traffi<|ue within the said towne^ know yee, that we of 
.our spetiall grace, certaine knpwledge^ and meeire mocon, by and 
with the advice and consent of our right trusty and right w^^bdoved 
cousin and counce)Ior» Richard, earl of Tyrconuell, and deputy 
generall^d generall governor of oarkipgdomie of Ireland, and 
according.) to the tenor and effect of our Ires under our Royalt 
signett and signe manuell beareing date att our court fit, Windfljor, 
the twentieth day of Sept«, in the third yeare of our raigne> and 
Infilled in the rolls of our high court of chancery in our said 
kiqgdom of )b:elahd^ have declared, ordained, and appointed, and 
wee doe by these presents for us,ourheIrea and successors declare, 
.ofdaine, and apppmt, that the aforesaid towne of Caiherlagh and 
all and singular castles, messuages, tofls, mills, houses, edifices, 
buildings^ curtilages, gardens, waters, rivers, landsj^ tenements^ 
;and hereditaments, whatsoever, with their appurtenances, I^a or 
belngin or within the same towne or village, or the preciuc^ thereof, 
sbalTfrom hepce forth for ever bee one intire and free biirrough of 
ittselfe, and shall for ever hereafter bee caUed and knowpe by the 
name of the burrough of Catherlagh; and all and singuler the 
,aforesaid premisses into one intire and free burrough of ittselfe, by 
the name of the burrough of Catherlougl^ wee doe for^ us,^ our 
heiresj and ' successors, erect, constitute, piake' and ordaine-by 
these presents ; and that the said burrough and the franchises ang" 
liberties thereof, shall extend to the same meares and bounds that 
the burrough of Catherlough and the precincts thereof didformeriy 
extend themselves; and further, \yee doe by these presents, will. 

or Ttin 'Odtf ^t¥ <^r cAMcm. iS8 

cnrdfakn', tio^' HfifHolitf/ Aat i«>Ahiti'tiie sftid Iwrrdugh tbere'bee <>n6 
llddy corporate, tnd polltkjtie, cotiftietiiig of one wverA\gBi^ and 
tw^ntt' Imtr-fi^cr biii^ses and a commoiiaitie) 'iuid thatdl tike 
iHliltbitteM wiilik tbe said (owD^ m4 uietemdi beeaodfitt* 

^«r b^rMfter shall bea by fovee add vMiie of tb«8d-preMiite OA0 
ba^ eo^povala and poliliqad, (a maHer, deed and daiae, 1^ the 
name of the soveraigne^ free burgewes^ and eemtBenaltie of Hbm 
bniTDUgh of Catherlough, and &em by the name ef the fioveraigne 
freeburgeflaea and eofmnoMtfe of the batremjfh' of Oitherioag^ 
aforesaid, into one body cerpodiM aad poKltqoej in deed imd namej 
reftlhjr and fitlly, tree doe for us, oiir helrefif, and satTceasoii's, by 
^leee fireiteifto ^ect« imdcej ordaine, and constltatey and that by 
liie saaie same' tbejr aliUI have {Hrfpetual eiieeeasion, linfi that they 
by the nnae ef aoveraigne^ freebarge^^ea, and oemniotfaltiei of 
the add bttrfoagfa of Calherbugb^ ' hm and Hot ^vf r hereaftftr riialf 
bee'tMi'scaia able aad eapable in Urn to'have,t)tm!haae)reeeivei and 
fmis^tMfi laade, teoMaents, liberties, pririledges, juiiMiictidn», 
lianelilaea, and here^tamebtsy whatt^oefver/of what nature ot 
lllade soever Aey*'heey" to them imd their sttcceasors, infeelemd 
ftrev<lr,' itatialaae goeda and nhattlesy' and all other things whttt* 
ao^V^^'of iakatseever nature or kinde they b^c, and alseeto give, 
^itu^ demise-y and assigne' lands, tenements, and hereditaiaentr^ 
geMa and'fi^atto, and to doe and execute airolber matlters and 
tldii^ by the name aforesaid^ and fiiat by Uie name fiT soi^^raigBey 
'fiee'i^nrgessea and oomraonaltie of the btnrongh ofCathedagh^ 
lAey may plead and bee' impleaded, answer and be 'aabwered; 'de^ 
Ihadattd bee defended, b^ore us, onrhieirs, adid succeason^ and 
b^ore 'Wlmt^oevet justice and judged of us, - o^r heires, atid succes- 
tl»9j in whatsoever conrts of ns, ' our heires, and succssors, 
aad elsewhere, wheresover of and in hll manner, of actions, 
eitttes, pleas, qoarrdls, and demands, whatsoever, against themj' 
evby them, in any manner to bee prosecuted^ or obtained. And 
wee doa fiirtfaer for us, our heires, and successors, give and grant 
ta tiie eoveraigtte, feke buiigesses, and commonaltie of the burrough 
of Catfaerioa^, and to their successors, and wee doe by these 
presents for as, our heires, and successors; ordaine, constitute, and 
deaiave^ that they the saidsoveraigne and free burge$9es of the 
add^bamoi^ for the tyme being, ^nd dieir successors forever, 
shidHAiave Mi ^Cfwer and iemthcHrity to choose, retume, and send 
ito'diseraeta end fii^ m^ ' to serve end attend ht every parliament 
tefCTBft arto bee held in our said kingdome of Irekmd, and that 
eoeli men fnmi tyme to tyme so cboeen; returned, andsen^ may 
have ftdl^powei' and authori^ to debate and consult of such affairs 
ead nuMfti as sludl bees&ere declared and propounded to thfem, 
andotiiers, and thereupon freely to give their votes, and to doe 
and execute all other things whateoever, as fully and fi^ly as any 
^oAkx bmrgesses oi any other ancient burrough in our said langdome 
of Irdaad, or inr our 'kingdome of Gnghmd, in parliaments there 
have'aoousUnaed to doe and^xecate; wherefore wee will, and hf 
ibes^ presents for ns, our hwes, and succesaors. Wee doe givf 
and grant to the aforesaid soveraigne and burgesses of the said 

hurangli for tibe tfm» bripg, vnA mmt amcn^UMmf mi oW HM 
4oe Ibr us, our heiree, and duccf b^om^ re^ra •nd ffwynand all 
aberiAy offieem, and mioialers wluite0ver» of ua^ our hmM$^ mA 
w&ceem0ni of our said cowitj of Caftedoiig^ ftt tba. tjmfrbaiag^ 
to whm» fwy oar wriftt or wvstts ofeleelioB of. bm^gesAea 4if ffo*^ 
liamaat ivithin yonr ml eoonikjr of Cadioddagh att any Ig^iai^ or 
tyviosy beraaAerahaU be.dirooted, that every imck aheriJE^ ofteery 
or ifuaistar loinrhoiiie jaay aaeb our mitt, or writti^ ahdl be^iiiMtod^ 
flikaU maka ithw. jpreo^te to tiiie aorovaigna and Ireo hvrgemmiJt 
tW6aidlwn:<oi^ forthe ^row Mng» aad their a«cee8«oi:g for lk# 
Acting aad rettumeiiig two burgeeaes to servo ti^ paiiifunaot aa« 
i^^rding to the HMme and effect of tho aaveiimtt or vritte, aaA 
tfiaae*oar4etterB patents or the iaroUioeiit th^^eofriaalL beeiv woU 
to i^.aaideoveitugQeaiid'freaburfeQseaof the««di^^ 
their eaecesaon to all and eiog^ar the eherifiiwy <^£aepi» and 
miiiiatere, whatsoerer, of os, awr heires, aad aaooeeaoniy a «afi*- 
ciant \vaitant aad diacharga ia tbat. behaUeu. And to the iotenl 
thatit may appeare to after times, thai tiib taw corpora^ 'Maalit 
first'oamposed of honest and discreet me% weo tioe W a% OUT 
faeitesy and sneeessors, make, iMuniaato^ aadeanidtiiley.'QiarfM 
Qaigley, merchant^ to be Hie finit aad modease aoreiliiigiia. of tiia 
said tomigh, to contiiHie in tiie same office untiU Dm fiiaat of* .St 
Ulichaell the Ari^hangell, naxt after the date of theaaprsMits^aB^ 
aftsmwds utttill aaothiBr bee akeotod md awectWi if in'.tbai^fi^ 
l»Be beei'fitxfc'remoTed, whome tod every othei^ aoraraigfia hoqoaftir 
to be namad^ within the said burroughs wee wiU -shaUbeomnave^ 
Hble ^ miflbehavionr in Aw said (^oe, att ye« wiU rad i^aaftuae 
of y«« burgesses of ys* said barrough far &e tjpmd beitig9<0r ffi 
maior parto of them, And we dee by theses preseslaoOfistitnteiyar* 
daine, and Appointe, that ye» said Garret Quigley^ b sfc np h^ Idfia 
i^nbimtoexeeflite thesmd oflkaof aoyeraigneof the amdbanNW^ 
by vertae of ttese pnesents, doe taflse the usual path of dnaly aad 
mMMy executing dia said office, and akoe the oathaa eB8iieio|^ 
Wu^ I doe hereby acknowledge, prdessor testifi^ atid'daakve, lo 
ay oonsi'ience before God and t^ woiid, that oar sOyavai^Da loid» 
kizi^ Jamest is lawful! and righlfiiU king of this realaae BwLofter 
hm majesties dotninioiis aadrcoaatnes, aad I Iritt beaM ifailk aad 
friie)idlc|giance to his aotajestw^ Us;keii«s, aad>a«acessorB,{«ilddQBi 
and Aem will defend to the utmost of my power agakist«B«na^ 
simaaieB and aMeaipts, vfaataoerer^ widckahall be maAr^^iiait 
Jns' or thcdr owwiia and iSgnity^ and doe nfy beat eBde»imr4o 
disclose and make kaonnae <unto his majesties his keiras, mai msn^ 
eessors, or to the lord d^uty, mro&er chief goveraor or gDvemaat 
4»f thisUngdome fer tke tyne bang, alltisetams, aMtnatesana 
oonspiraoies, which Ishallknowerheere to^bteintandad a§iiaBt 
hismajestie, his lr<nres, and suoaeasors, or any of then, midl ida* 
make this recognitton and acknowledgment heartily, wiiltnfly aaid 
Imely, apoatiie tmsfiuHiofaahnstian^aoekeipesieeOod, &e., 
wid I doe also dedare aad believe^ tliatiit is MtiUnssfi^Qpenttaj 
|Krateaoa whateoevir, totakaarmes against the kis^, ami that Idoe 

w TU eouam or oamott. HB 

■Mor tikat tmylarais poakfaik of.takiiig nmetby his mAarikf 
igaiMl hw poMUr or agaitist those that are commisnotied hy hini| 
eee hc^ «ie God, 4be. The said iwkhes to be tdken beforo tiiia 
lart aeveraigns^ or some justkeof peace wilUn^he said county of 
Cyidierioagl^ whoiM we dboe heeehj impower and authcniu 
Mstertotfaesaid Qanret Qoigley the said oathes. And wee doe Uks^ 
wise-ior OS, oar heiresy and sacosssors^ make, noounat^ and con* 
sliliilBy oar troitf and well beloredSir Lanrenoe Esmond, haroiie^ 
Heary Beribeley» Esq., John Wamn, Esq., Piecoe Bryan^ Eaif. 
Maior Chailee Cavanagh, Insigne Calk^hane McCaQa^an, Fran^ 
da Burtace, Esa. John Baggett, Esq., Patrick WaU, Esq., 
Hidyert Kflly, »q., Marcos Baggoit, Esq., S^aond Jones, 
Baq., Wittimn Cooke, Eisq., Olirer Orace, Kiq., John Dwyer^ 
Saq., John Chnaoe, gent. Pierce Byrne, goit.^ E^ond Dwyer, 
■petheoaiy, John Browne, gait, Edmond Carrell, merrhaal^ 
Thomaa Kcegan, merchant, Henry Webber, merchant, Thomas 
dMslers, nayler, and SamuoU Banett, gent, to bee the first mid 
■sodeme twentie-foar free boigessea d the said bvrroagh, to ooa^ 
limmintte saidefficeof free burgesses o£ the sudfaan^io^ during 
llisir sererall lnres» unlesse that they or any of them in the mean tiaM 
by rsasoB of some provision in these presents, or for misbehaviour, 
or eliierieasoQfliUe cause, shaU be removed from the said office, or 
offioes, and wee doe likewise by these presents constitute, ordahie^ 
and appoint^ Hmt the said burgesses and all and every bnfgesse or 
Wf gfasscs hereafter to bee nanmd, shall before they or any of them 
bee admitted to execute the said place, orplaoeaof free burgesses 
of drnsud burroughby valuft of ^e8e..j^esents, doe take the usual 
ealkeuf dnely and fidthfuHy executing the place of a butgeBse^ and 
te-otker entibe of fidelitie aforesaid, the said oathes to bee taken 
bsfetwlha aoreraigne of the said towne or burrongh for the tyme 
^, wfaome wee ior us, our heirs^ and successors, doe hereby 
wer and antiiorize to administer Ihe said oalhes. And wee 
doe Kkawtse make, con8titute,*and appoint the inhabitants of ^e 
said towne and see many other persons as, the soveraigne and free 
bufgeaseaof the said burroogh ioc the tyme being' shali admitt into 
Ae frredoaM of thesaid burrough, to bee of the communifie of the 
said buROOgh, and wee doe^ furth^, by these presents ordain, 
ititnte,aiid appointee that noe person or persons that shall here^ 
bee elected soveraigne or burgesse d[ the said burrough of 
C ath e ihwi g h shall bee capable of hdding, enioying, or executing 
any tfM saul offices, places, or employments, wrtUl he or tiiey 
ihaU have tsdcen the aferteaid oatfasbb^Gore the last soveraigae, or 
beiwe senwjustiee of the peace of the said oooaty, or before two 
or anraef ^ said bwgesseswhome respectively wee forus,oui^ 
heirs, aiiAsacoossoi's, doe impow^ertoi adninistM' thesame. And 
oaT'Wi&aad pteasane Inrther is, mid wee doe by tiieBe presents for 
as, <mrheirB, and. aeceessors, grant to the said soviwiigne^ free 
hmgasMfs, >and commoniMe of the-said >barroagh and then* sue* 
esBsots, timt.the said soveraig«e and free bnqfesses, of the said 
banoiigh for the tyme being, and their saeceasofrs, shall said may^ 

880 . mmcovTASs^ Afmq;9m:B» 

on Ae feadt ^f fte imtivity of St. Jolm the Baptist, yearly, for 
^we, if it bee not Sunday, and if itt beeSundaf^ <lieB:itl» vmU 
day foUowlngv aasemble themeelvesy in sone .leoitvenieMt -plae^ 
widmi the Mttdburroughy and that the said aoveraigu^nnd fraebur** 
giesses, 80 awembled, or ^ maior part of them, befgftt'they 6e* 
part may there elect one of the iM^re disoiteet finae bn rgco g o a of the 
said bnrrough, to the oOSce of soreraigne of the said humm^ 
who having taken the aforesaid sefireral oathes in ummenmB afim* 
sud^ may- enter upoaexecu^km of the said office for one tf^Br^ §nm 
the feast of St. Michaell the arehangdl^ then next fottowiag, and 
from thenceforth nntill .another of the free burgesses of the said 
burrough beedaely chosen and s worn. to that o&ee. in maaiieras 
aforesaid. . And.fiirtiier of our like special ' grace, certain kno«w 
ledge, Imd meere i7U7Ctfit| wee will, and by these prescMfai for.nsi 
our heirs, and successors, doe grant unto the said aOveraigae, fees 
burgesses, and commonaltie of the said burrough, and their siicv 
cessors, that if and as often as it shalt happen that th« sovenugao 
of the said burrough for the tyme being after election and befo» 
bee is sworn, . or within the yeare after hee is chosen and bwdoi lot 
the office of soireraigne of the said buniettgh,^ aa aforesaid,^ shall 
dye, or his office any wayes become 7oide^ that then, aad aoe- oftwi 
the soveraignaaad ffree burgesses of the wd burrangh and ■ theio 
successors, or the maior pa^t of them, aa the ease sbatt.happeay 
shall and may, within tenv dayes after such vaeanofe, idioose tn*'- 
other fitt person of the said number of the free b ur g cbses io tbif 
soveraigneshq)p of the said burrough for the goreminjg of thousaiA 
towne, for one whole yeare from the feast of St. Miohaell the ateh* 
angell, then next following, or during the rMdue of the aaiA 
years, as the case shall happep, and tlmt every person «n^Mstoiis 
to the so veraigneeshiqpp of tiie said burrough soe as aforesaid chosen, 
shall and may execute the office of soveraigne of the eaid bumMgh 
for one whole yeare, from the feast of St. Michaell the archaagdi 
then next following, or for the residue of the said year aatiia* case 
shall happen, and £rom thence forth, untill another beechosstt and 
sworn to the said office, in manner aforesaid, hee first iakiag the 
aforesaid severall xiathes in such manner as in these presents ia salt 
forth. And further, laecause the soveraigne for the tww w i 'beinf 
may many tymes hare just occasion to hee absent fhuatbe aaU 
burrough of Catherlough, either for the publtque afiatie'dieBefl^ 
or on his own urgent occasions, wee doe therefore, for us, our 
heires, and sucoesson, give and grant unto the said soweBa^iMv 
free burgesses, and commonaltie and their sacQessors^that Ihe aaid 
Garret Quigley, and hia. successors^ soveraignes.ofthe.eaidbaff^ 
rough for the tyme beiog,^ and erery o/ them shall haveMiiMwer 
and authority from tyine to tyme^ .di^g his,oft their. tyihe.'«>i^go<« 
vemment, with the consent of the: ffee iittr^caseaf «f tlfeaaid Unwtm 
for the tyine being, or the maior pai^ji^ of them^ t6.a«betitule<ia ^ 
absence some discreet and substaattall peraoo^rbeii^dunim'cof the 
number 6f the burgesses of the. said towne lind bii£roi4^,'lo<>h» 
the deputy sovei^igne durtngt the absence xt will- and ^easuce lof 

09 taa oowtr or cabiiOw. t^T 

H^ tOfMraigne for tlie tyme heing; wee doe, liy thesd pveMitSi 
fUly aad almliitely, au^Mnrize the said d^uty eoveraigne Ito dda 
and exeente all tilings whatsoever bdonging to the said o£G4:e or 
j^atoeci soreraigne, daring the absence, or will and pleasure of 
such floveraigne, in as lai^e and ample manner as if the sidd so* 
Tendgne himself were personally present ; such deputy soveraignev 
before hee enier upon the said office, first taking the aforesaid 
sererall and respective o^thes before the said soveraigne thenpre- 
•eoty whomeweedoe hereby authorize duely to administer tfiSf 
•ame. And furdiery our will and pleasure is, and wee doe by 
these i^esents for us, our heires, and successorsi make, ordaine, 
and qipointthesoverwgne of the bnirough of Catheilough, for the 
tyme beii^y to bee a justice of the peace within the said county of 
Caflierlongh, and wi<hm the bounds and limitts of the said buirQugh, 
daring the tyme hee shall bee soveraigne ; add wee doe hereoy 
give foil power and anthoritie unto the soveraigne of the said bur- 
loii^ for the tyme beii^, to doe and execute, all and every aod 
and acts, thing and ^ings, whatsoever, within the said bounds and 
limits o( the said county of CatheHough, in as ample maimer a« 
any justice of the peace within our said county of Catherbugb 
may or ought to doe by the laws and statutes of this realme; hdb 
takmg the usual! oathe of duely and fiuthfully executing the plaoe 
of a fustice before any two of the burgesses of the said burrougli 
for the t3rme being, or before the last soveraigne, or brfore sonie^ 
justice of the peace of the said county, to whome by these presents 
wee give power respectively to administer the said oathes. And 
of our more especiall grace, certain knowledge, and mere m^d^, 
by and with tiie advice and consent aforesaid, wee will, .and by 
these presents for us, our heires, and successors, doe grant unto 
the smd soveraigne, free burgesses, and cpmmonidtie d the said 
bmrrough, and their successors^ that if any of the free burgesses 
of the said burrougfa in these presents named, or hereafter to bee 
dioeen, shall dye or bee removed from their office, every of which 
bm^gesses herein as aforesaid named, and of the burgesses here^ 
after named, misbehaving themselves in tiiat office, our willis^ 
tiiat they be removeable att the pleasure of the soveraigne and 
bttigesses of the said burrough for the tyme being, . or the maior 
park of them, within seven days after the death or removall of sjoch 
free burgesse, or free burgesses, shall and may assemble them* 
selves in some convenient place within the said burrough, and 
that the said soveraigne and free burgesses being so assembled, or 
the maior part of them before they depart, shall and may elect One 
01^ soe many as eball bee wanting of the aforesaid number of 
twentie-foare free buigesses, of the better and more discrette in- 
habitants and commonaltie of the said burrough, tmto theiplace or 
places of that free burgess^, or those free burgesses soe dead. or 
^removed from their aforesaid offices to cofitinue in the same office or 
offices dming tiieir natnrall lives, unless for misgovernment (Mr mis* 
piehavlour ia that behal&| they or any one of them shall bee. remoy^d ; 
and that, every person so^ chosen to the office ^ a fr'ee buigjiiee 


mSVDHT AN0 AKtiQmtini 

<if ilm fu4 bonioogli, before kee bee admitted to execute ttaf 
«ftee^ befim tfie •ovwaigne of ^ said bmroagb for the t jnie 
Wngv or before tiie reeidue of the free bargcsees of the said bur" 
TOugh dien aonfivitigv or the maior parte (^ tbem» shall take Hie 
TMwnM oatii* weU and fiiHIdii&y to exercifie the office of a free bur- 
geeae of the eaid buiroagh, and &e oathea of fidelity aforesatd, to 
iribick wd aoveraigne for the tyme being, ijr the icee bttrgedees or 
Ibe makr part of them, for the tyme being, wee doe by these 
praBeBte gi^e foil power and authority to administer the aforesaid 
mremtt oa&es to sach free* burgesses and soe as often as the like 
caeedmll hi^pen. And forther of our more especial grace, certaine 
haaewledgey aiid meero moooHf by and with the advice and consent 
afoMnid, wee doe by fliefie presents for us, our heires, and sue- 
ce a ao TB^ gite and grant unto the smd soveraigne, free burgesses, 
ittid eomoMnaitie of tiie said burrough, and their successors for 
<Sfnr» that Ihey and their successors shall and may have and hold a 
^HMirt in tome convenient place within- the said burrough, to bee 
ImU before tibe sov^eraigne of the said burrough for the tyme beii^i 
and to Md pleas in tiie said court every Tuesday, from weeke to 
waoke^ of idl and singular actions of debt, covenant, trespasse, 
Miixuei ooatradt, and personal demands, whatsoever, happenii^ 
«r«rriaing, in or within, the siud borough or the liberties thereof 
aot«gtoeeddng the sam of five marks steriing, and that that court 
boTeputed 'and accounted a court of record for ever. And oar 
fitHMT wifi void pleasare is, cmd wee doe by these presents off bur 
Ske^peciall {^raoe^ oertain knowledge, and meer mocanf by and 
with tiieadvice and consent aforesaid, for us, our heires^ and suc- 
eessora, grant unto the said so^eraigne, freis burgesses, and com- 
moMdtie of the said burrough, and their successors for ever, that 
ftey and ^heb* eoocessors from tyme to tyme as of)»n as they shaB 
ftlake titty i^iall and may coDgregate and assemble ftemsdves in 
aome icdnvenient place within the said burrough, and in tibieir as- 
MidUie there to make, appoint, and establish such acts, ordinan- 
ees, «sd by laws for the good and wholesome government of ihe 
Mdbnrmcigh and of th^ inhabitants thereof, as they or the maior 
^art of tliem,'shall think fitt and necessary, and that they may have 
power and authority to punish, chastise, and correct by fines 
and pecuniary mulcts, whatsoever, such persons as are ofien* 
deia against each ordnances and by lawes, soe that the aai^ 
M», ordinances and by lawes, fines and muldts bee reasonable 
and not oontrary or repugnant to the lawes and statutes cf our 
aatd IdBgdom of Ireland. And farther wee will, and by {hese 
presentSf for ua, our heires and successors, doe grant unto the sa!4 
iKMreraigae, firee hmgesses, and commonaltie of the said burrougl^~ 
vndth^rauoc^ssors forever, that Hhey may have a guild merca* 
tory wklmi the said bumragh, and the same or the like common 
lesie, which the soveraigne, fi%^ burgesses, and commonaltie of 
the said toMme lately had, to b^ engraven with sacli forme an4 
ittseiiplioii as th^ shall tbinke best io serve for the afitdrs of the 
iiM lHinroug!h,' Uft fever, and that Ihey may from tyme to tym^. 

OF !rHfi COUNTT OF G^BItQW/ tgf^ 

tor »r^r, 9$ ofi0Q as occaMon shall irequm, ne^ eoontitote a94 
ordaine of themselves two seijai^ att mace and ^Sb^ infiukr 
officers, mid necessary for the better government eS the eajd Imr 
rough respectivelj) aad to contiaue in their elQ(C« dmipg thair 
good hehavioor, or att the will and pleasure of tihe said soreiaig^t 
and free burgesses of the sai4 bur^ovgh^ qr ih^maior pirt o( Aiai% 
and that every saoh sepaat^ offi^r« asA iwiister U^rf hee beo 
adaiitted to execnte hi»office> doe tajcehia eonofaB m^s^ an* 
tientiy used before Ibe soveraigne of th^ said bufrqugh,^ ihf'ilki^ 
tyoie bttogy well aud faithfully to execute his {liace and bshnv^ 
hioiselfy aud the other oa^es of fidelitye itfofasiud, A^d <i^H^ w^ 
doe by these presents for U8» our beires> and oueoesaors^ give ami 
granttothesaid soveraigne^ free burgeisses and oommoaaltiiiiaBAtkair^ 
successors, that they and tiiw successora sh^ and may have wJAh 
in the said bnrrough, for ever hereafter, a towne ei^rl^ ^ and wse 
doe by these presents for us^ our heires, and sueQe«aeiB| ordainff 
constitute^ and make John Quigley to bee tiie first and moderns ioim» 
clerke of the said hurrough* to continue in Aat ofioe during his 
naturidl life, unless in the mean time hee bee removed byi^r^ ff 
some provisionin these presents, or for misbehaviour, "whoaate wMl all 
Oitheis hereafter sncceedinghim in the said (office in such oasei, w^ 
win to.bee removeable by 3ie soveraigne and^free borgesses of Aa 

said burrough for tiie tyme being, or ti^ Hiaior part of thess ^ the sai4 
office of towne clerke to bee exercised by Ucmsolf or his suffieiefit 
deputy ; and Ihat as often as the said office shall become vacant bf 
deikth, or removaUi tbatt thmi the said soveraigne and free bn^ 
ge^ses of the said burrough for the tyme beii^, or the maior past 
of them, shall and may choose anolher fitt person to bee town0 
.derke of the said burrough, to emil^nue in Aat office dmring hm 
natmrall life, unless hee bee remoyed as afoiresaid, and Ibat tiba 
said modern towne clerke, and W others hereafter succeeding him> 
.in the said office, shall, b^re thsy or any of them h^ admitted 
to execute the said office, take the usuall oatbe of w^ and £eiitfar 
frdly executing the said office, and the oa&s of fidelity aforei»id». 
before the soveraigne of the said burrough for the tymo bmi^ 
wheme wee doe always for ns, our heires, and luccessors, in^wer 
4pd authorize to administer the said oathes. And fmrther, of wm 
epeciall grace, certain knowledge, and mere nwcont wee doe by^ 
these presento^for vb, our heires, and successors, give and graiMk 
unto the said soveraigne^ fi«e burgesses and eommonaltie ^ tb^ 
«md burrough and their successors, finr ever, that Hme sovera%ne cjf 
lbs said burrough for the tyme being, for evor, shall beeclerbs of 
the marlcett in&n the said burcougli and the liberties ttereof, antf 
tiiatt hee diall have from tyme to tyme fiill power and authority tp 
dpe and ezecufte all and every tfaii^ a^ things to the office of the^ 
aaid derke ef &e markett within Ihe said buirough belonging, or In. 
any wise appert^ng, soe that no other ckrbe M tte aaarhett of ns, 
our heires, and siAeessors, shall enter into or intermeddle tbensin. 
And fiirfter, c^ oar spec^ gnce, certain knowledge, andmeeie 
macsm} for us, oui heires, ana sucoessers, for the better Sfypflr 


cf tbe said townd and for carrying on the puUieworket Atfeot, 
wee have given and by tiiese presents doe give and grant unto tbe 
said soveraigne, free bmgesses, and commonaltie of the said bikr- 
loogh of Cadierlough and to dielr successors all and singalar the 
casSes^ messuages^ houses, tofts, gardens, orchards, curtilages^ 
lands and tenements^ r^rersToiis, remaind^ and all such and see 
many tiie same and Hie like incomea, services, cnstomes, petcy 
du&s, pavementa, gAlta^;e0i feares^ marieetts, usuages, authorities^ 
jttiisdictioiw, 1&«nchises^ liberties, and priviledges, and all o<lier 
nmditaniencs whatsoever whidi the eovera^ei &ee burgeesee and 
conunonaltae of the burrongh of Catherlough aforesaid^ att mar 

ae before the said judgment was given against the said burrough 
> possessed, occupied, nsedcMrenioyedbyreasonof any charters, 
ietldrs patents, grants, prescriptions, antient custoanes, or any dther 
bwfbll tfHe ^atsoever or which tliey or any of them were ae- 
^Bttstomed to have, possesses occupie, use or enioy ; to bee hdd of 
us, our heires, and successors as of our castie of Dublin in 
hee and common soccage. Satbino alwayes, and out of this 
charter or grant, itt is excepted and reserved for us^ our hdres, and 
euccessors, att tides, rightes, rents, services^ oustomes, subsidies, 
poundage, excise, priviledges, and demands whatsoever, whidi 
wee before the said judgment was given had held or occupied in 
right of our orowne m or withb tiie said burrougfa, liberties and 
franchises thereof, otherwise then by reason of ^scontinuanoe, 
forfeitures, or dissdution of the liberties and franchises soe seised 
imto our hands as aforesmd ; saveing and reservmg to the chiefe 
governor or governors of us, our hdres, and successors of our 
said kingdome of Ireland, power to approve of any reoiMder or 
towne clerke, hereafter to bee elected within the said burroughs 
and that noe such recorder or towne clerke shaU exercise any sudi 
oflGlce untill bee bee approved of by such chiefe governor or go- 
vernors, in writing, under his or their hand. Provided alwayesp 
and by tiiese presents for us, our heires, and successors wee reserve 
and give to our deputj^ generall and other chiefe governor, or'go- 
vemors, of us, qup helves and successors of our kingdome of Ireland 
for the tyme being fuU power and authority by o^er of tiie privy 
councett of us, our heires, and successors, in our said Idngdome of 
Ireland, written under their hands as well the soveraigne aa any 
of tiie burgesses and other officers of the said burrough of Cather- 
lough, by these presents named and constituted, or thatohaB 
hereafter be chosen and constituted, at tiie will and pleasure of our 
deputy generall or other chief governor or governors of us, our 
heires, and successors of our said kingdome of Ireland by any 
euch order of our priv^e councell of Ireland from tyme to tym# 
will remove the soveraigne, or any of such burgesses and officersy 
or will declare them to bee amoved from thence forth from their 
offices respectively, tiiat all such person and persons, is, are^ and 
will bee ipso facto amoved, and removed, without any further 
pfocesse, soe as ofteh as the like case ihall happen, ,any thing in 
these presents to th^ contrary notwi^tending. Aiid nirther, of 


t oat vpeciall graee^ certaine kudwledge^ and meere moeon, by and 
widi the advice and consent aforesaid, wee doe by these presentk 
for U8y our heires^ and succesdors^ grant unto the said fsoyeraignOp 
free burgesses and commonaltie of the said burrougfa of Catiber- 
lou§^ and aU flielM eucoessors, for everi that tbe sovendgne, free 
bux^esses for the tyme being shall have power to admitt persons 
to bee free of the sfud burroughs they takemg the usmll oath of a 
fr^man, and the oathes of fidelitie aforesaid, before the tuyfrenigofi 
ior the tyme being, to whome wee give power to administer the 
same ; and that th^ our letters patents, or die enrollment thereof 
and every clause and article therein conteyned bhall bee construed^ 
interpreted and adiudged to the greatest advantage^ benefitt, and 
favour of the said soveraigne. free burgesses, and commonaltie of 
the said burrough, and their successors against us, our hwes, and 
successors, as well in all our courts, and else where, in our said 
kingdome of Ireland as else where, wheresoever, without any other 
confirmation, lycence or toleration here after to bee procured or ob- 
tained ; xiotwiustanding that our writt of ad quod damnum^ hath 
not issued, to ^iquire of the premisses before the makeing of these 
our letters patents, and notwithstanding the statute of mortmcdne, 
er die statute made at Limerick in the three and thirtieth yeare of 
the raigne of King Henry the eight for lands given by the king; 
end notwithstanding, any other defect, or any other cause, matter, 
or thing whatsoever to the contrary thereof although noe expresse 
mention, &c. Proyidgo alwatbs, that these our letters patents 
bee inrolled in the rolls of our high court of Chancery in our said 
kingdome of Ireland, within the space of six months next ensueing 
the date of these presents, any statute, &c. In witnessS 
whereof wee have caused these our lett^ to bee made patents. 
Witnesse our aforesaid deputy generall, and generall governor of 
our said kingdome of Ireland. Dublin, the foure and twentieth 
day of February in the foprth yeare of our raigne. 

The sovereign and burgesses thus appointed were, witii scarcely 
a single exception, Roman Catholics* It wiQ also be observed, 
that the new corporation were rendered complete slaves of the 
government by the absolute power over them reserved to it Thus 
were exertions made to propagate tyranny as weU as Romanism. 
Protestants could never submit to such thraldom, and accordmgl j, 
.many of them now removed to England. 

It is worthy of remark, that in 1687, every siheriff appointed io 
the kingdom was a Romanist; with the exception of one, who was 
admittM by mistake. Sir Laurence Esmond was sheriff of the 
county of Cai'low.* 

A.D. 1688. On the 4th of July, a charter was granted to Old 
Leigfa&iy empowering it to send members to parliament. As usual 


ilie oficert seem to banre been. Roman. CaHudics. Tbe fisUowisig 
i9 alist of tkeir names : 

jS9tMrr^A-~< Nicholas Keally. 

Burgesses — ^28, 

,Piere0^1ofd viseonnt Qalmoy, Nicbolaa Arcfadekia, geat 
Dudley Bagnal, Eaq. Gilbert Widl, gent* 

MorgMi Kavaiwgby Es^. Micbael Wall, gent 

Patrick Nasb, Esq. Hugh Fagaa, gent 

Theobald Demi» Eaq. Thomas Purcell, gent. 

Patrick Wall, Bm{* Richard Keaily, merchant 

William Cooke, Esq. Theobald PurceU, gent 

Patrick Lambert, Esq* Pierce Hagherin^ "gent 

Edward Wall, Esq* Henry Rickens, gent 

• Thomas Keally, Esq. Ferdinand Brent, gent. 

Richard Keally, gent Pierce Poor, merchant 

WMham Kearney, gent. William Reddy, gent.^ 

Ignatius Nash, gent Richard Batler, gent* 

James Kedly, gent. Nicholas Nash, gent 

Jas. Hackett, Esq. Toum Clerk. 

The new magistrates thus i^ppointed acted with little or no r^ 
gard to justice. When a difference occurred between a Protestant 
and a Roman Catholic, it required but the complamt of the latter 
to obtain the committal of his opponent to prison ; and the magis- 
trates, flushed witii their unaccustomed authority, had no hesita- 
tion in issuing warrants for the arrest of persons of the highest 
rank. To enter into any detail of the misgoTemment, oppressive 
acts, or tyrannical proceedings of James II. or of his instruments, 
woidd be inappn^riate in a local work. Suffice it to say, that the 
Protestants, who fenced the majority of his subjects, unable to 
endure the unrelenting persecution under which they now groaned, 
applied for aid to W&am, prince of Orange, who, at the head of 
the Iqngdom of Holland, had made himself feared and respected 
by the highest powers in Europe. On the 5di November, 1688, 
he landed on the British shores ; which event virtually terminated 
the brief reiga of the bigottcd^ despotic, and ill-fitted James U. 

Beign of miSam III. A.D. 1688, to A.D. 1702. 

&OMB necessary preliminaiy pn)ceedjngs having been tnmsact^^ 
the royal dignity was accepted by the prince of Orange, who as- 
cended the throne of these realms by the style of Williain HI., on 
the 13th February, 1680. ^ 

James having fled from England^ landed at Kinsale on the 12th 

Umnkp IfiBSy luid altered Ae flMtropQlii te tlM 24fli oFfhe lamid' 
montlu One of his first acts was liie bsue of a prodamatida cal- 
ling a parliament to meet at DuUio, on the ?& May icXifrwitig. 
Had &e bouse of lords been regularly assembled^ most of its mem* 
bers would baye been Protestants. In order, if neoeseary, to 
oTerpower . them, the outlawries of popish lords wens verersed, 
new creiati^s were made, and other oxpedieiits were in raa£ness. 
But none of Uiese measures wera required, as of sixty-ma^ Pro- 
testant temporal lords, not more than four or five now i:enBitied m 
Ireland, and of twen^-two spiritual but seven were fortibootaiing. 
With regard to the house of commons. It was evident that it must 
be almost, if not altogiether composed oi Roman Catibolies. For, 
the power of election in boroughs had been completdy takeA from 
the JPfotestants ; while in counties, many of the frediolders had 
fled, and thpse who remained w«re intimidated fi:om appearing at 
elections ; tlieir attendance at which, they further knew, could 
effect no good. In short but six Protestants were elected* 

This parliament, thus illegally convened and . returned, met at 
Dublin, on the 7th of May, 1689. 


County of Cqtherlogk. — Dudley Bagnal, Esq. 

Honry Luttrell, Esq. 

Borough qfCaiherlogA.'^MB3rk Baggot^ Esq* 

John Warren, Esq. 

Borough of Old LeighUm.'^l^&AY Long, Esq. 

Daniel Doran, Esq« 
In the house of lords sat, Cheevers, viscount Mount-Leinster ; 
saewicitetion, we believe, of James* Among ihe nobility of 
Mand si tiiis period, was William Brereton, baron of LeighUn ^t 
niu^tfeamsnottb hfave been present at lihis parliament, and yet 
esoaped tbe atteinderwidi which Richard Ogle, viscount Gather- 
kgli,t^wa8.visitied. , 

Thau pariiament continued its sittings from the seventb of May, 
totlie ^bdk of Jtfly -following ; and, in this very brief space of time, 
eSboted thie complete destruction of the arrangements of property 
m Ireland, by a repeal of the acts of Settlement and Ebcplanation, 
ODdAl which two-thirds of &e Protestants of the kingdom held 
liieir property; all of which was now restored to those who pos- 
flMBOd it previously to the 29nd of October, 164 1 . They attainted 
(hnee thousand Protectants, by name, of high treason, and vesti^ 
fteir estates m the late king ; the pretence on which this act df 
plmifar was committed, bong the absence from ttxe kingdom of 
the vigaoto of it 1^ tenor of this act was, that it should have 
Mi' latce did tbo indiyidnals named not return in three month^ 
and make Hieir submission ; wbile, vdth an extraordinary descrip- 
tion of jofltioe, Hie act itself was kept perfectly secret until the 
apeei&ed lime had elapsed ! The foHowing persons connected with 

* A Protestsat. We learn from Lawrence's Jhtereit of hekmdi, (P'rM^.) 
fhiTte IMO, Slr'^ilUim BiilMton, baisa «f Lelii^in, irat lord justice of 

tAProtestant, and peer in 1661. tmvretie*. 

114 jHifomr and AUTtamvivi 


lieutenaiit Joseph Stopfiirdy 
Ilabert Dofne, Esq, 
Jeltt Dunbar, of Catherlogb, gent. 
Captaia Ghi^l^ Coofte, of Sbierwood park, 
liuicinas Mafsfa, lord bishop of Leighlin and Femsi, 
BeDJamin Burton, banker, y 
. . John Tench, ot Staplestovrn, Esq., 
RicluQfd Warren, Bsq., 
Francis Bradstown, of Morterstown, gent., 
Hiotnas Bernard, of Cloghuae, gent.,^, 
John Lucas, of Rathdaniel, yeoman, ' 
Edmmid Jones, of TuHow, Esq., 
Cadwallader Wyn, of Kiilelongford, genf •, 
Boger Piers, gent., \ 

Joseph Ivy, of Grangeford, gent, 
. Urban Vigor, of Old Leighlin, gent., 

■ Cocks, of Ballydartane, clerke, 
Robert Stopford* of Bfdlybrack, Esq., 
Charles Wilcocks, of Sherwood Park, getti, 

•--T EUiot, of Staplestown, clerk, 

Ogle, viscount Ogle of Catherlogh, 
Richard Boyle, of Old Leighlin, Esq., 
Eidmond I^leydell, of Tankardstown, Esq., 
Sir Maurice Eustace, of Baltinglass, knt. 

It was now quite obvious, that Protestants could eacpeol no 
curity for either life or property. Such of them as yet 
in the kingdom, were plundered by thieves, instigated, we r^gtal 
to say, by the priests, andencoun^ed by their popish adghbowv s 
from which species of persecution no remedy existed, Imt attest 
dance at mass.* The - clergy were treated with even move of 
cruelty. The house of the bishop of LieighHa was broken opea 
and plundered before his departure from the kingdom, and aeweiral 
of the inferior clergy were not .only robbed, but personally nial* 
treated and abused. In shorty every indignity was offered to tiiant^ 
and they found it difficult to escape with their lives.f 

At this period, Dudley Bagnal wa^ lord lieatenant of the comio 
tf of Carlow, and Maurice Baggot and WilUam Cooke, da* 
puties. ' 

There w^e numerous grievances suffered by the Preteetaafes^bf 
Ireland, to which we have not made allusion; and it was noMr ebf 
viouB that some speedy remedy should be applied to Aa evttsilitf 
Ireland, some effort made to reduce the kingdom to peaoe, order, 
and subordination. For this purpo8e> duke Schombeig was dee« 
patched with a considerable force, and landed^ on the l§lh Augna^ 
1689. His progress, however, was not as speedy as was desi- 

^ Kuigra State of the ProtsitK»ti. Bub. ed. 1780, p« a'45. 'ffM/ 

0# TBB COmiTT OP dAftbOW. f$B 

mUo, nd kiiig WiOiim resolved ta undertake die^ vedii^tiip o(' 
Ireland in person. ' 

Prenooe to hie departure from Iiondon ,the king qig^ 
cessary to appoint commissionerB of the gfreat mbI lor Ireland. 
Aeoordinglyy by patent dated at tVestminster, 80th. Mby, 1690^' 
he nominated Sir Richard Reeves, knt.^ Rob^ Rochfort,* Esq^^ 
and Richard Pyne, Esq. to that Qffice, They attended king. WiU 
liam jto Ireland^ and remained at Delist until the victory ait the 
Bovne placed the greater portion of liie country at his command* 

The fcdkiwing were among tlie officers of the army of James 
IL, on the 2nd June. 1690.: — Colonel Charles JCavanagh, colof 
nel Sir Maurice Eostaoe, colon<?l Dudley Bagnal^ lieutenant <olo« 
ad Richarrl Eustace;t 

On the Ist of July, 1690, was fought the ever meraorahie 
battle of the Boyne ; when the forces of king William v^re oom* 
pletdy victorious. 

^ ' Resolving to use all gentle means to reduce the people to sub- 
jection, his majesty issued the fdlowing deda^on, on t^e 7di 
July, 1690. 

^Thb. declauation • ov, Wtvuxi/L ABuiu Mart, ElfifQ and 
ftUEBN OF England, Scotland, Francb, and Iremnd, 



As it hath pleased Almighty God to Mess onr arms in Ais khag- 
dbm widi a late victory over our enemies at the Boyne, and with 
the possession of our capital city of Dublin, and with a g^enil 
dtspersidn of all tiiat did oppose us, we are now in so happy a 
prospect of o^r affedn, and of extinguishing tiie rebeOion of this 
Idngdom, that we hold it reasonable to Siink of mercy, and to 
have comJMuniOn upon them, whom we judge to have been seduced. 
^HBRSFORB, we do hereby declare, we shall take into our rojral 
psotectioii all poor bbonrers, common sdldiers, country fiirmers* 
ploughmen, and cottiers, wbatBoever» as also all citizens, towns- 
mfo, tradssmen and artificers, who either remamed at home, or 
having fled from tiieir dwellings; shal^, by the first day (rf August, 
next, repair to their usual places -of abode, surrendering up what 
arms they have to such justices of the peace, as are, or shall be 

rmted by ns, not only to receive the same, but also to register 
appearance of such of the said persons, as shall come, and 
submit unto onr anthority : for our royal intention is, and we do 
hereby declare^ that we will not only pardon all these poor, se- 
duced people, as to f^^ lives and Uborties, wito shall come in bv 
the time aforesaid, for all vralences they have done or committedi 
by the command of thrir leaders during the war; but we do also 
promiio to secure them in their goods, thefar stocks of Mtl^ mid 

• Aaceslor bf John S. RocUbrt, Eio. of ClcgbffrsnsBt ui on» ssanigr* 

♦ KiiW^ 


iM BMf cut jtMB AK^c^umss 

dl ftd^ (Shfttfeidfa pdndiail whatvMfer/ wBltng and i^qbk^; Am 
to CQme in ; ,aiid .where they were tenantB^ tfien to pr^iet^e Ihe 
UffV«8t6f grass axid com ^1^ the Supply o^^ Iboi, for 

as inueh as ibaay of thetnEad A legal right to fte tenaiieyof 
s^Teral lands, some holding fly)m Protestant aiut some Ihrnipc^pl^ 
piioprietorB, who have Wtti tdndHrniad in fte relM^lioa agai&st tn, 
our will and pleasure is, that ifl those leatatswho held frbm^wii' 
good' Protestant sul^i^ifts, do pay their rents to thdr respeetive 
UmdloidSf and Aat the lenahts df all tbose, who have be^ (Otm- 
cerned Lb the present rebeQion i^pinst us, do keep their rents in 
theirs hlrnds, until they have notice from the ^commissioners of wA 
revenue, unto whom they are to accontit for the same. Akd ad 
w^ do hereby strictly forbid all violence, rapihe, and molestation 
to any, who shall thus come in, and remain obedient to us, to for 
&ose of *this, or any oAer nude or quaBty, who are already in our 
miarten, pnd within our power, and obedient to us, we do hereby 
^atge and require, that they be poF disquieted in any tfOr^ widiout 
our particular command. Fbr the desperate leaders of die present 
rebellion, who have violated those laws, by which this Icingddm is 
inutod^ and inaeparaUy annexed to the iquperial crown Qf,Bii)glandr 
^iio have called in the Vrench, who have authorized $A violeqoea 
sad depredations against the Protestants, and who rejected Ae 
gracious freedom we offered them in our proclamation of fte 22nd 
February, 16B9, as we are now, by God's great favour,, in. con- 
dition to make them sennble of their errors, so, as we resolved to 
leave them to fbn event of uto, unless by great aAd wsai^ifest de* 
iln0astfailioa% we shall be oonviuoed they deserve out itaerdy, wUdh 
we diaDncfver refosefb those who are tnriv|>enitenL 

' ^ Givei^ at our royal camp at Fio^ai^ near 

' DttbHB, theTthday.of July, 169d, iBliie 
* eebond year of 6ur re^fB* 

^* By the long's moat exosilent BMyeaty, md 

areherchy requMl to ajQbt our great eeu lb 

tins dedaoratioD ; for whicpi this shitt he yoor 
■ w a rr a n t , 

« ffe iirf tkmmbri^nerg of out ^ . " -* 

great seal tf inktnd,^' 

The commissioners of die ^reat seal appointed certain J^fiecs t]{ 
the pciace iu each county, to receive di)e arms and rej^ter the namea 
of fdl persons who should submit^ in consequence of ihe foregoing 
declairation. *t^t following were nomiaaled in our copni(jy : . 

The Sheriff for. the titne Wiqg, Wm. BreretQ^ >., . 

'Sir Thomas BuHer,. , . . Marmadi^e t^fliffy . 

' ^ Dr. Henry Bericeley, J^ames Wall^* 
.'.. Nkholae ElemyB, ...... . , 

' William, resolved not to remit in his exertions for (he reduction 
of Iretaod, how pnteoed his course to the soutiiV Brom Cadeir, 
he despatdied the duke of Ormonde to Kilkenny, to secure pos- 

Of !^»,4>0W»T 9F fi^mCfT' Wi 

hav^g fsr^ %$t\fix\Bi a cimfli49r^))ft^i:(m itf iponey frpn^ tb^ ioliabi* 
^lits: . .William fNrpcMffcl fr^gi ,.Carlaj« to Rilkei^^jr,, ifirl^siie >e^ 
?CW.qplw4Wly «ntai?taiiipd by *p dufee.Qf OripoijdeVf . ^ 

^ KvRg Wiiiiam ^iM^ked ^ A^lmL Qn the 5ti ^ B^^v^^ 

\m. : . .. t . . :^^\ .•: 

to the arclibiriropric of OasMt W /iWi2C|th.F^ruary,*lw4 fyo^k, 
*B%fl#.tqI?i|bfcii on the 24j5|i of May. 1694. flod t)ia!ig§ tq.^r- 
ffiagli, ontbe iSth February, 1703. He died op ^0.|ii4 ^f' 
Noyember, 1713, ^ii.tihp 8weWrtF:6i^^lkSP%rPf bis ««»• flftpabS 
fished a work entitied ilanuduciio adLogtcam, written by Philip 
de Trieu, to which he added Hie €k^k text, and some tables ; 

prioM MQ^ioiA, in 167S. 8yQ. He «d^ed ittftdtt^t^ !4Wto8 to 

Gassendus' smalltractZ)^ I7^«l<9fi«/r«/to;i^, printed with the former. 
While .pififQrir pf the univarsity of Du^ti, he fviMf^^-I^fii- 
Miones Logics in usum jupen^uUf Acmifmics Duhliniensisy— 
1681^ 8vo. He wrote abo a work 00 aooustica^ A &iiiSfg^ d^- 
▼ered by him to the clergy of the diocese of Dublin, was published 
in 1694, quarto. But, independently of his works, the well 
known valuable public library which bears his xiame will ever 
raider ihe memoiy of this prelate reacted. It was during Hs 
occopanoy of th^ see of Dublin, that doctor Marsh resolved on the 
establishment of Hus usefid institution. Having built a house near 
$lt. Patrick's cathedraiy and purchased nine thousand volumes of 
Vooks, (being die l^rary of the bishop of Worcester, Ihen lately 
deceased,) he procured an inoorporfition in the year 1707, in which 
it is stated, that the '^ Most Reverend Fa&er in God, Narcissus, 
loid archbishop of Anoagh, primate and metropolitan of ail Ireland, 
while archloshop of Dublin, did, out of his generous inclinations 
to the public ^ood of this langdom, for the propagation of the true 
chris&m rdigiOD, and for the encouragement of learning, at hia 
own great costs and d^arges, er^ct ana build a Mr large house, 
upon part of the garden or ground bdonjg^ to the house of St. 
8epuldlire% whidn is the ancient seat or palace of the archbishops 
of Dublki) near t6 the city pf Dublixy" &e. He had, himself 
three tfaoKcsand volumes of books^ in every branch of literature,^ 
which he dfffionted. together with the nine thousand, already men- 
fioned) in this public Imrary. The archbishops' of Armagh and 
Dublin, the lord chanceDor, lord chief justice of king's bench and 
conmioD pleas, the chief baron of the exchequer, the deans of the 
two cathedrals of Dublin, and the provost of the university for the 
time being, are governors, and a body corporate, whose^ duty is, 
to manage and preserve the library. 

BardM^mew Vigors, L.Ii.D. succeeded doctof March as bishop 
of Iieighlin and Ferns, (fe was educated in ^ ]imvef8it|r of 
Dublin, and thence appointed to the rectory of St. Mary'S| Wex« 

? ^Story's IGitory^ the wmof IrslMid. L<m. 1693. 

ifti, MmT 9iibMqitentIy to the deanery of Ara^gli,' by letteni 
patent, d&tid 29th June, 1681.' On the removal of bishop Manb 
lotto tee of Oasheli he was promoted to the bishopric of Ldghtin 
and Ferns,- by letters patent, dated 27di February, 1691. He 
wtm.'p^mAtM to hdd the rectory of Kffleban in e&mmMAun. 
Ddistor Vigors was consecrated in Christ church, Duten, on the 
6ffa of Awch following his appointment, by Francis, archbishop 
^ DabKi^ asaisted by the ardibbhop of Cashelj and the tnshopa 
4f Deajf Meadi, Kildare, and KiUaloe.* 

On the 38id Mai«h, 1692, king William dedarad the war in 
&fdand to 'be ieoDdoded* 

Ptefiament met oo tibe 5di of October, 1699. 

* • < * 


Cbwn^ ^ CatkerJagh.'-^S^ Thomas Buder, knt and baronet; 

John Tench, Esq. 
A Oi/Atfr^4--Sir Wm. RusseU, knight and baronet. 

Walter Weldon, Esq. 
A Old LdgklM.^EdwBrd Jones, Esq. 

John Dunbar, Esq. 

15(Iu Oct. 1092. A petition of the deputy sovereign, cominon 
council, freemen, and inbalntants of the borough of Catherlagh, 
oomplainii^ of an undue election of burgesses to serve in this pre- 
sent parliament for the smd borough, was read, and referred to 
the committee of elections and privileges. 

18th. Oct 1692. Mr. Poulteney delivered mat the dork's table 
n bill in paper, intituled, an act, declaring all attainders, and all 
Other acts, made in the late pretende4 parliament, to be void. 
' Ordered, that the said bill be laid on the table. 
* I9th. October, 1692. The petition of John Browne, Esq. com- 
plaining of the undue election of burgesses to serve in this present 
parliament for &e borough of Catherlagh, was read, atid referred 
to the committee of elections and privileges ; and then, it being a 
A fest-day^ and the house being to go with Mr. {Speaker to Chnst- 
Church, the house adjourned, tSl to-morrow morning at nine of tiie 
' 20lh. October, 1692. A petition of Edmond Jones, "Esq.'oom- 

Slainingof an undue election and return of a burgess to serve in 
\m present parliament for the borough of Catherlagh, m the county 
^f Catherlagh, was read, and referred to the conunittee of elections 
and privileges. 

Parliament agmn met on the 27th August, 1695» 


Catherlagh — Sir Thomas Butler, baronet 

John Allen, Esq. 
S. *QUherkigh — Edmond Jones, Esq., 
^ Robert Curtis, ESsq. 

« flsrrii's Ware, vol. i. p. iM» 


Jdin ' Beandkarap^ Jim. Bsq.^ mIhmA. m 
plaee of said Bdwaid Jomt • . . / 

Slat August, l#M. A pathkm td Mm Bicmm, Eaq., laaa 
ficasaiitad to tba iMoae and f aad^ seMiiiglorlii) ftatHia petidooir 
andRobert Gariia^ Baq^yirBredyyel^ctribiirgoaDM toa^gvefertiig 
boroagliof Caliierlagb» infliecountyof Caftariagb,inthiapwao»t 
paiiumitat^ and were so ntnmad by Waller Rodifort^ Biq^ 
90fv«raga«of the aaid borough* (and to whomtfae j p t e ce p t forthg 
aaid ^^tion waflf 'directed), by indenture signed ana seatsd by tiie. 
said sovereign and tbe majority of tiie bugesses and freenin of 
die said'beffoagii ;' that sdon after the said ekction, thesaid sofs- 
feigntsodsfed As said iodoilare to Benjaoun Badbufy,' Estf.^ 
hii^slisriff of llie said county , (iil^ had' difeded &e Hud fwaoept 
as aforssaid), and desbred him to seal and exeeute a t^ouDterpart 
Aeieof; but the eaid shieriff refined ebtodo, aadeanuund,tolh# 
writ of election an indentare, signed . and sealed by some of the 
brir g esse s of die said borough, and not by the soveie^ thereof 
by which last mentioned indenture^ the sAid Robert Curtis, and 
BadflMoa JoiMS, Esq;, are retamed aa duly eleotsd to serve inlhia 
present parliament fcur the said borough.; whereas the said B<dmoBA 
Jones was not to elected, but the petitioner . and the. said Robert 
Curtis were duly elected burgesses to serve fok* die said boronj^ aa 
aforesaid* ' * :.;.:*: 

Now ferasraach as it appears by the^t mentiooe^ i^dettttDs^' 
ready to be produced to the houise, that die petitioner and the said 
Robert Curtis were dtil^ deoted burgesses to serve in the present 
parliament for the said borough, and so retomed by the proper 
officer; and for that the said shciiff.hath ncstcniousiy nasbehaved 
himself in making tbe saidretum anaex^ to the writ, and in re- 
foaing to indent with die said sovereign, according to the form of 
die statute in that case made and provided; and for that the said 
borough hadi at prosent no reprssentadves m this parliament retorned 
by the proper oSBeer aeisordrng to law; and therefore praying the 
house to take die premises into consideration, and to order the 
clerk of the brown to annex unto the writ of election tbe said in- 
denture retamed by the said sovereign, and to give die petidcmer 
such relief in the premises as shall seem meet and just. 

Orieredi That the examination and. consideration of tbe said 
petition be referred to the oooimittee of elections and privileges^ 
and that theyrqport the matterthereo^ widi theur. opinion theroon, 
to the house. 

5th September, 1695. A petition of Thomas Bunlett, Esq., 
was presented to the house, and read, setting forth, that the^peti- 
doner stood a candidate for the decdon of the borough of Cadier- 
bgh, IB the county of Catherlagh, but was illegally obstruetU in 
hisiEMud election by tbs sovenngn of die said bonMigh, who at the 
beginning of the election publicly declared in court to die petitioner, 
that he would not indent widi hun or any <ms^ uul^ that he gave 

MH ouroBt AND Awiaomss 

bonds to iadenuufjr tbe ooipoiatioBji by wIMi ^tti»p•flliBMr Jip- 
poMB flie*>Mid oorereigii' oM«it to ■ e y y e«them without cbargw, 
wbiA wag|«8 (iboiigl^tiie pedtioiwr) did ttotezpect desire, yet be 
does humbly cenrider, thafttle sovereign's executiug the said bond 
wnvarbknry.wid iU^g^aly «DdafaiBdniiicefloa'iioe.dee(ien, lyon 
ii^deh ^ potttioner was free todedine ; end thoiefoe praying the 
betta^to'OMMa^MvrelectioB, and •granl.sudi eidnr agianolfte 
said soTersig(«^ ae shall meet. 

Ord^rtfdf That ^ examination and oensideratien; of the said 
petition tfo teferr^ to thex;omiaittee of elecfions ani'pvimie|es, . 
and thiit they feport the matter thereof to /fte honse^ willi 'dieir 
bpudon thereopoii. 

llthSeptatnber, 1695. Mr. Solicitor General vepovtedfrwitibe 
ooBiniittee of privileges and efections, tbat^ said eonunitlea had 
tMcen into .consideration tiie petition of John Bfowse,' camiUaiag 
of • t|ie mdoeeleetion andfetom of EdiiM>nd Jones,' Ssqv^ retorned 
ta serve in this wesent pariiameni as a burgess for jA^ town of 
CSaOerlagh, iA uie county of Caihedagfay and came to this iMeotw* 
tm; whieii he read in Us place^ andaftenrardadsliveredinattibe 
ftMey and is as foUo\iieth, via. : . . 
: Mmoited^Hntit is ^ opiaion of tfaiaeomnoiUethallidmond 
Jones, Eaq,, is duhr elected to esrve -es a burgess ia this pariia- 
ment for die bpiougfa of Gatheilagfa, to'whiob fesohilien the house 
agreed. . . 

21 St October, 1695. Qrti^rfcf.-~That Mr. Speaker .issue Ub 
waimnt te fte deric of (lieeit)wntoindE^oaitajM«>ivvit to the 
Aeriff of the county of Calherlaghp to choose a buigiese for tiie 
borough of Old ImigMini in Oe place of Edmond Jones, Esq., 

2eth March, 1696. The Asoociation of thebnghts, dtisens, 
and buxgesses of Ireland in parliament assembled* 

Whibsas there has been a horrible and detestable oonsj^racy 
for assasdnathi^ his majestjr's most sacned person, and invading 
bis fcingdoma wtth Frend^ fovoee, contrived mid cs^tied oo by the 
late Id^ James and hie adherents, to subvert our religton, laws, 
and liberties ; we the knights, citizens, and buigesses, in puiia* 
ment assembled, whose names are hereunto subsmbed, doheartiiy, 
sincerely, and solemnly profess, testify, and declare, that his mar 

af Idng William was, and is, rightfid and lawfol king of En^- 
, Ireland, Scotland, and France, and the dommions and terri- 
tories Ihereante bdongmg, and we do mutually promise and engage 
to stand by and assist each other> tn the utmost of our power, in 
the support afid defence of his majesty's most sacred person, title, 
and goverasfient against the late laog James, the pretended prince 
ot Vv ales, and all their adherents, and against all oAer persons 
whatsoever ; and in case his miyesty come to any violent and un* 
timely deaths whidi God forbid, we do hereby feriber freely and 
mnaunously oWge ourselves to unite, associate, and stand by each 
other, m revengii^ the same upon hteeneaues aadtiiearadMrenti^ 
and in sapportiiig and defending Ae suocession of Uie crown, ac^ 

Off tax oooNvr' of carloW. 


eoidiiw toan actuftde b Bnglaiid in ibe first year of die tfiga t)f 
kinf wHliani and (pea^ Mary, intituled, ** an act^ deelu^ tiie 
rights and libertieaaf Ae sabject^ Bod Betding tbe aaooeadonof &• 


(TUa doeument 18 signed bv Robbrt RochiokT| epeakor; 
Thomas Butlbb and John Axxkn, membevs for the county of 
Cariow ; Edmond Jonbs «Bd Robert CuBTts, members fer the 
borongb of Cariow ; ^ and numerous others. I do not observe the 
names of the members for the bofough of Old Leighlin in the list.) 

14th Ai^st, 1B97. OrdereA^ThsLt Michael Wall, of Kil- 
kenny,. John Fitz*gerald, brother to Oarret Fttz-gerald of BaUy- 
ellin, in the eount^ of Catherla^, and George Gwhan, be taken ' 
mto custody of (he seijeant at arms atteoiding flus house^ for ft breach 
of privilege G(»iiplmned of by Mr. Ck>nne]ly a member of tUs hoiae* 

Pai&ment wasdissolTed; on t2ie.44th June, I6i^.^ 

In 1693^ Charles, seoond and youngest son of Thonuis, enil of 
OsBory, was created bar^ of Cloghgrenan, viscount Tullo#, iemd 
eari of Arran. He was brother to tiie last duke of Ormonde. ^He 
died without male issue in 1768. , Thus Uiese (ptleabecafnefiKr'the 
second" time ex^ct. <; * 

Forfeitures, of coifrse, &lk)wed the war in Ireland egaiatt W3« 
lian» IIL la consefuence of the intolerable tyranny of James 
ILf Wiffiam had been acknowledged king of diese united i^Bakm, 
on &e Idth FelMruary, 1689, by the major part of the people; 
and all Who irsged war against bis goTemment,' afterwards, were 
consequendy^ engaged in xebeltioo, and coifld hope for nottiiigfblit 
the ususA results* Theestatesfim forf^ted werevest^inirairtees, 
and a const was estab&hedy in. whick all who had aity de$c^>tiflii 
of legal clum to fliem, or any part ol them, were to deblaso 1^ 
on or before the 10th August 1700. The Mowiiif k a tvaaM%« 
of the cbdms r^h^ting to-S^ids in 


* Jounuib^f the Irish GbmBe of CoauBOBi, 

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254 ntSTOllt AND AMTIQ17IT1BS 

NMneBofpcTBons. j Pate, | P!a^ where taken. 

udkr Bagnali, . 7 
I/tttO) " •• •• 
Pierce, lord Galmoy, 
John fiaggottf . • • • 
Oliver BiutBoe, 
Charlei Cavanaght . • 
Oliver Eufltaoe, 

DittOy • • •• 

8th D^mihery 1690. 

27th July* tamo 6. 

I ■ II ■ I I 0a 

25th March, anno 7« 
. 7. 

17th April, — 9. 
15th Novr.» — 9. 


From '' an abstract of the arrears of quit-rentsy &c. returned by 
the cdlectors of the several districts to be standing oat in arrear in 
each barony in each district at Christmas, 1694, in theiiprovince 
of Leinster/' we find the following in relation to our county : 

Barony of Catherlogh, Quit-rent. j£42 3 10 

Crown-rent.... 79 9 3 

. ... .1 Idrone Quit-rent.. ••.. 145 5 3 

Crown-rent.... 26 15 5§ 

■ Forth Quit-rent 164 10 3 

Rathvilly Crown-rent.... 30 5 

St. MuUins Quit-rent 21 2 lOf 

King William the third died on the 8ih March, 1702, in tite 
fifty-second year of his age, having reigned thirteen years. 


Reign of Queen Anne. A.D. 1702, to A.D. 1714. 

Annb, daughter of James II. ascended the throne, on the 
death of her brother-in-law, William III. 



To Sir JFiiliam Robinson, of Dublin, knt., 15th May, 170S; 
consideration, five hundred and eight pounds. The town and lands 
of Ballylane, one hundred and fifty acres ; barony of Forth. — 
The estate of Charles Byrne, attainted. — InroUed 27iA Mav, 

JohnAsgitty of Roes-easile, JB^g.— 23ttlJune, 1703.— -The 
manor, capital messuage or mansion house of Dunleckney> and 
all other Uie estate of Dudley Bagnall, Esq., attainted, for his 

*In the Chief Remembrancer's office. t Appsn. H. CommoBs Jour* 

OP tflfi cot7)<Tir OP carlow. 3d5 

fife, witii such remainder in fee as was left in him by his s^ttlcakient 
Inrolled 2Bth July, 1703. 

Richard Wolsley^ of Mount-Arrant county Carlina, Msg.f 
17th June^ 1703; consideration^ seven hundred and fifty pounds. 
The lands of Ounore, two hundred and twenty-seven acres, three 
roods and twenty-four perches. — Killma]apoge, one hundred and 
seventy «five acres. — Total rent, six pounds, thirteen shillings and 
ten pence half-penny ; barony of Idrone. — The estate in fee-simple 
of Dudley Bagnall, attainted, but were claimed by Anne his wife, 
Walter his eldest son, and other his cousins, daughters, or rela- 
tions, for teveral particular estates and incumbrances pretended to 
be to them limited by two deeds of settlement, datM 7th May, 
1688, and 17th October, 1688, which claims the trustees did not 
^Wow.—fnrolled 30th July, 1703. 

Thomas Burdett, qfGarrahill, Esq,, 16th June, 1703 ;con^ 
sideration, one hundred and three pounds. — The lands of Tobber^ 
noha, thirty-four acres—- part of Ballymore adjoining to Garrahill. 
To hold diese during Bagnal's life only. — The rent service or 
chiefiy of five pounds four shillings a year out of Seskin^an and 
Gormanagh ; barony of Idrone. — The estate of Dudley Bagnallj 
Esq.. attainted.— InroUed Both July, 1703. 

Maurice Warren, of Numy, county Carlow, Esq,, 14di 
June, 1703 ; consideration, one thousand and fifty- seven pounds. 
The town and lands of Numy and Ballinvally, Ballan and Coniger, 
Cappaghwater, Laraghteige and Garryoung, Ballykeeneen, Agha- 
clare, Cooleneshigan ; barony Forth. — The estate of John War- 
ren, attainted. To hold to him and his heirs. — Inrolledlth July, 

Watter Stephens, of Dublin, Esq. — ^21st June, 1703; con- 
sideration, four hundred and forty- three pounds. — The town. and 
lands of Ballybrin alias Bally bamen, one huncired and sixty-six 
acres ; barony of Carlow — the estate of the late king James. — 
Inr oiled Zrd August, 1703. 

The Reverend Benjamin Neal, of Wexford, archdeacon of 
the diocese of Leighlin, 26th April, 1703; consideration, 415/. — 
The town, lands and mill of Waterstown, 686 acres ; barony of 
Rathvilly, demised by Richard, earl of Arran, 6th November, 
1676, to Hubert Kelly, attainted, for the lives of the said Hubert, 
Harbome Kelly, his eldest son, both since deceased, and Mark 
Baggett, now in Dublin, son to [John Baggett, of Crosclogh^ 
county Carlow. — To hold to said NeaU during the said Baggett's 
h£e.—Inrolled7thMay, 1703. 

Charles La Bouleey, of Carlow, gent,, fl7th June, 1703; 
consideration, sixty-one pounds. — A house and garden, the base 
court, and the wsJls of a brewhouse and malthouse, which were 
burnt, ten acres ; town of Carlow. — The estate of John Warren, 
attainted. — By lease from the earl of Thomond, for ninety-nine 
years, if his sons Henry, Thomas, and James should so long live; 
commencing 29th Sept., 1687, at the rent of five pounds, and two 
ehilKngs and six pence receiver's fees. — Inrolled ISM Jufy, 1703. 


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WNiafy; iMth»|Mlilian6rm()Bndingto«taiidGMAdalemtbe^ 
dtocii(>Q,«ppli€aliMwa0«uidbtotliieflMd8l^ fte 

pilitMQcr, IQ ftppoiiifc a 4ay for tb» laid dectfoB MM tine b dia 
mimmAf but Ae ahtriff dedarad be would not, bat woald a^ 
yobl tiia fl»st of Odobar tben a«it $ tint tlie aald sbariff baifiog 
iMtenraidi oppoiiitad tbe 4tli of lUs instast to prooead on ikm uU 
elactioD at Carlow, die petkkmar aad Jefey VmA, B«|., tfaa^ottar 
candidate^ came d^re^ and the abenff baTing declared the nufontf 
of fraebeUam ot tbe said ooanty for Mr. Paal, tbe petitioiier de- 
manded a poll, which was agreed to, and the said Mr. Paal and 
the petiitaier consented to poA ten at a time, aad conturaed so to 
do by luraa tiU tte deetion shoold be ended ; that dnni^ tbe idbole 
time of tbe soid election the said sherifF behaved himsdf so mooh 
in the ^voor of tbe said Mr. Paul, that he refused the TOtea of 
aeveral persons for t2ie petitioiMr who were legal freeholdefs, and 
adaDDtfted sereial p^nsons to vote for the said Mr. Paidt who had 
not fresholda. for ax BMutha before tbe day of election, and others 
who wore by law disabled and unqualified to rote in tbe said ekce- 
tion; that the pell being ended, the sheriff was desiesd to ognify 
bow tbe same stood, who direetsd bis dark to declare tiie Sffin^, 
and accordingly tbe clerk declared tbe minority for the petitimier; 
and tiitireopon tiie hooks were closed by consent of both partiesi 
the said Paul not pretending to a majority, ortedamandascnituiy,, 
nor was there any scrutiny doaianded by the said Mr* Paoly €ir by 
m»y other person on his behalf; that the sheriff then dedared that 
he woidd ai^urn bis court for half an hour, and take with bia his 
clerk only ; that the court beings aooordingly adfoomed withouttha 
i^nsentof the eandidatos, tbe sheriff and boa dark witbdnaw,. and 
having returned, the sjberiff declared be disallowed thirty «aeae9«C 
the persons who voted for the petitioner, and had been examined 
by Mr. Paul's lawyers, and sworn to their freeholds, and thsir 
names entered and polled by the sheriff's directions ;< that .the 
petitioner and several of the freeholders present demanded of tiie 
sheriff the reason why he disallowed the votes of the said thirty- 
seven who had been so exanqned and sworn to their freeholds, and 
were ready upon a scmtiny to make good their freeholds, to 
which the sheriff made answer, he neither would give any reason 
for disallowing the said thirty-seven, or give them any opportunity 
to make out meir freeholds ; that the said sheriff notwithstapding 
that the petitioner was duly elected knight of the shire for (he sam 
county, on the said election, by a frur maiority of tbe freeholders 
of the said county, hath indented with, and returned the said Mr. 
Paul : and therefore praying the~ house to take the petitioner's case 
bto consideration, and to do therein as shall be judged proper. 

Ordered, that tbe matter pf the said petition fa^ heard at ft^ 
bar of (his house this day fortnight 

86Q1 Oct. 1725. — ^The house, according to order, proceeded to 
the bearing of the merits of the dection for the county of Cather- 
k^ and the counsel on both sides were called in ; andthepetitioa 
of Walter Bagnail, fisq., com]^aining of Ae said dection, was 


Ae coobmI bfli^ dmcted to withdin^y 
BmdtmA^ Aiat Joki GrifiMi iMdE pwMkttod wMi Am 
i y« tnwJMrfBiinj IB m wi te M i before Ihe Ikhmc 
CMbm^ tiiat Ibe said John GnflMibe» fer hk pmratkiaMi^ 
irttotfagfrtBdyof tbentrjentat aEnsattenAngtiiisliMn. 
TbM IfaB bo«M dyoned tUl f»iir of tlw ckidi in tho aftmio^ 
Tha iioan pfooeeded in fortiier Iwaring te Bwrite of the said 

IMliiiaaH^a cmaaA exaaiincd sorotal witaesses^ and dke sitting 
's oaonasl also eznminBd seroral witnssaeSf and IImb Ifaa 

Baaolred— That Jeffihry Paul, Eaq^ is dolj ofeded aknightof 
te skin t» serve in tfak pariiament for the county of Catiieriogfa. 

Resolved— That Richard Wolsdey, Esq., h^ sheriff of Ow 
eoaafty of CadMiiogh, did discharge Ids diity^widt graal integrity 
at telafte election ibr the aaid eoonty. 

Then the house ai^oonicd tfll to-momnr morning atttn o'ckick* 

Sad November, 1725.-*A petition of Sir Pierce Botler, hart., 
ad Bichavd Bnder, Esq*, pnyiag that leave may be given to 
fang in hondn of a bill for limitiog the said Sir Pierce's cstetsv 
immadiataly after the deatii of him and Dame Anne BoHer, his 
wihf wiftoi^ issue male, to the petitioner Ri<Aaid Butter, and 
for rairing money on the said estate for the payment of incmBfbnmMe 
affBCtii^ the same, was presented to the house, and read. 

Ordmd^— That Mr. Jeshon A3^ Mr, Pcml, ftc.^ or any 
three or more of Aem, be anpointai e oommitlee to meet te* 
mofs oig auxning, at nine of the dock, in the speakei^s ehambier^ 
tO'examine the matter of the said petition ; that they hftve povref 
tead^onm from time to^tiaw^ aad place to jpiace, as theyefaattlUnk 
6^ and report their procc e<higs> with then: opinion them^pon to 
thie house. 

A complaint being made to the house of a breach 6i {irivilege 
oemnritted by Mrs* Anne Bagsnal, and Mr. Francis Earagbt^ her 
attocuey, against Richard Wavren, fisq.^ a member of tfabhonii^, 
by eerviag several of his ffenams on tim lands of Otai^og, in the 
oennty of Catherlogh, the estate of ttie said Mr. Warren, with 
wmmwis in «qeotment, during the time of privil^e. 

Oideced-*-That the matter of the said complaint be referred to 
the e mn wi t l s n of privflfiges andel o c tio nu, and tlurt they do examine 
end report the same, with their opinion thereup<m» to the house. 

1 1th November, 1725,r^Mr. Joshua Allen- teported from ttie 
cnmmittee appointed ^ take into oonridersdon tile petition of Shr 
Fftnm Balkr, bart, aid Rashard Billler^ Bsq. ; that tAiey had 
come toe resolution in the matter to them Inferred) which hereed 
m his place, and after delivered in at the table, when ^ the ssttne 
wnsagemiead, sad agreed unto by the houee^imd is as foltoweth: 

Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee, that the 
petitioners -baive.foliy proved the aBegatiotts of their petitioo. 

Oriered-^That leave be given to bring in heads <^ a bill toen- 


M^i^l^mee^BMty hmm^t, and Riebaid JM^> B^.*'>m^ 

nephew and heir, tomake a ibrtber««tdeiiieiitof tiie«it«to latohfi 
MMipogitoSir Thimuw Bolier, deceased^ for the benefit of tbem- 
aelves and their ^Hiiily, witkout prejtidioe lo the joiaMre o^ Dvvtm 
MmnB fiollery wife of the daid Sir Pierce, or to the .prevkkms 
made for their -iesiie by a settiementiBade on their marrlaga by ti^' 
said Sir Titomaft Batler, and for other purposes therein meotionedy 
and ibatit be mfeired to the committee to whom the said patflfbn 
was nfiured, to prepare and bring in the same. 

18th Notember, 1725 .--Ordered— That the cemmitlee of. 
privileges and elections be discharged frmn proceeding on a breaoh 
of privilege complained of to be committed by Mrs* Anne Bageaal 
and /Mr, Frauds finragbt, against Richard Warren, Esq^. a 
member of this house, they having made the said Mr. Warren; 

29th November, 1725. Ordered— That Jobn Beaachamp, 
Esq., a member of this house, have leave to go into the cooairy* 
for three weeks, upon extraordinary occasions. 

.1 7th February, 1 726. A complaint being made to tiie boose of 
a breach of privilege committed by Mrs. Susanna Moore, against 
the honourable WiUiun Moore, Esq., a member of this house, by 
serving him adih notices of trial for recovery of dower in several 
landiSy <^e estate of the said Mr. Moore, in the counties of Wiefclow^ 
Catberiogh, and Tipperary, during the time of privilege; 

Ordered — Tbat the matter of the said complaint be referred to- 
the committee of privileges and electrons, and that they 4o examine 
and report the same, with their opinion thereupon, to the house. 

Parliament was. dissolved by the death of the king, on the lith. 
June, 1727. 

A committee was appointed by the house of commons to iaquire^ 
what addresses were sent from several counties and towns within 
this kingdom, in opposition to the addresses of the late faonse o£ 
comm<»i9 for removing Sir Constanjdne Phipps from his employ- 
meat. On Uie doth November, 1715, they presented. a. report,^ 
from which the fc^owing is an extract : 

*^ That an address was sent to ber late majesty, mgned by the 
governor,, high sheriff, the justices of the peace, grand jury, md 
gentlemen of the county of Cathedog^, dated the 211^ day of: 
March, 1714, containing the following paragraph, viz. 

'* We cannot but with the greatest sense of gratitude acknowledge, 
bow much we are indebted to your mig'esty for the fiili seeurities. 
provided, for the Protestant succession in the iJlustrioiis hous&of 
Hanover, against popery and the Pretebder, and likewise of your 
sacredn^jesty's consummate wisdom in the latoafiiEur relating to 
that excellent aqd faithful mi^iister, your chancellor of. tbis kmg- 

The number of men in the militia of our county in 1715, was 
* Journals of H. of Commons, vol. iU. Appen. p» vuU . . 


hro hundred imd sixty-eight; the number of arms allotted to the 
county, one hundred and seven. 

From ** an abstract ol the returns from the commiseioners of 
army of the several regiments, troops, and companies of militia in 
the provinces of Leinster and Connai]^ht," it appears that in27J9^ 
the county of Carlow had one regiment of dragoons, consisting of 
five troops, and one independent company of fooc. 

The fc^owing names appear in '* a list of sheriffs who had not 
dosed their accounts the 19th day of October, 1722, commencing 
at 1692, and ending at the year 1715, exclusive."* 


A.D. 1694, Edmond Jones, Esq. 1706, George Brereton, Esq. 
1707, Digby Berkeley, Esq. — 1712, Maurice Warren, Esq. — 
1713, Benjamin Bunbury, Esq. — 1714, Richard Vigors, Esq.— 

A list of sherifis of County of Carlow, who from 1714 to 
1 723 had not closed their accounts. ' 

A.D. 1715, Henry Percy, E8q.^l716, Charles Nuttall, Esq. 
— *1717, Wentworth Hannan, Esq. — 1718, Charles Bernard, 
Esq.— 1719, Jeffirey Paul, Esq.— 1721, Richard Wolseley, Esq. 
—1722, William Pendred, Esq. 

One of the first acts of Ihe Irish parliament in 1715, was the 
attainder of the duke of Ormonde, for conspiring to restore the 
Pretender. He possessed considerable property in our county, 
and, therefore, an account of the various titles then enjoyed by him 
will be apposite as well as interesting. He was at that tune pos- 
sessed of the fi>llowing titles, viz. The most high, puissant, and 
noble prince, James Butler, duke of Ormonde, earl of Breck- 
nock, and baron of Lanthony and Moore Park, in England ; duke, 
marquis, and earl of Ormonde, earl of Ossory and Carrick, vis- 
count Thurles, baron of Dingle and Ariclow in Ireland ; baron of 
DingwaD, in Scotland ; hereditary lord of regalities and governor 
of the county palatine of Tipperary, and of the dty, town, and 
county of Kilkenny ; hereditary lord chief butler of Ireland, lord 
ygfa constable of Eingland, lord-wanien and admiral of the cinque- 
ports and constable of Dover castle ; lord lieutenant of the county 
of Somerset, lord lieutenant and custos rotulorum of the county 
of Norfolk; high steward of the cities of Exeter, Bristol, and 
Westminster ; chancellor of tiie universities of Oxford and Dub- 
lin, colonel pf the first regiment of foot-guards, 'and the first regi- 
npent of horse-guards ; captain general and commander in chief of 
all her majesty's forces by sea and land throughout the British do« 
minions, or acting in conjunction with allied powers ; one of her 
majesty's most honorable privy council in England and Ireland ; 
knight companion of the most noble order of the garter, and lord 
lieutenant, general, and genera] governor of Ireland.-— The estates 
forfeited by this great nobleman, have been valued at eighty thou* 
sand pounds sterling per annum« An act was passed in 1721, 

* Journals of the House of Commons, voL iii. 


m^TOXT A^H AMflQViVltil 

BMiliHng 4b brcUktifj iStk^^mA of Amn, to r»fufdiaw dM enM 
of the InA property from the crowns tsvB tiw pdatnMl^ of Tip> 
peiory , wbi^ was Mppnwsed.''^ 

Doctor Vigora/ miop of LeigUiii and Feme died oa ibe 9fA 
of JaoMify* 1 721 ; having eajoyed the aeee iSbirtf years. He was 
buried $/b 8t. Patrick's cathedral, DnUui. lie purehaeed from 
Joseph Dean, Bsq., ehief baroa of the exchequer* a fee-ftana in 
IteeaHMior of Old LexgUin, for five hundred and foity-e^t pounds, 
and lijr fals viS desired that his exeontor, by advice of the arch- 
bishop^of Dublin, diould convey the fee^fana to his next soccea*' 
aor, the bishop of Leighlin, for liie use of him and his successors 
for ever* He further bequeathed to the said prelate, the sum of 
three hanArad pemds ; to be employed in the increase (d the re* 
venna of the poor Udiopric of Lmghtin ; either by the purchase 
of afee fan, or the erection of a house for the more convenient 
habiMkii of tiie bishop ; with the advice of the ardd)]shop of 
Dublin for the time being. He left ten pounds each to the poor oi 
tte paiwhes of BaUsidearig and Urglio, and the same sum to tlie 
poor of LeighKa. Bartboiomew VigorB, A.M., sen of the bi- 
shop, wa^ presented to the deanery of Leighlin.t 

Josiah Hort succeeded doctor Vigors. He was bora at Marsb- 
Md, in doucesterafaira. Having attended a graaliiBar-school in 
Bristol, he was entrusted to the care of a private tutor in Lon- 
don, aad afterwards entered at Clare-hall, Cambridge, where his 
toftor was Mr. Richard Laughtoa. He received deacon's orders^ 
IB 1706>, fnxn doctor John More, bishop of Norwich ; and to* 
wards' the cottclusmii of the same- year was ordained priest by 
doctor Simon Patridc, bishof» of Ely* He was then appointed to 
the parish of Wicken, in the last-named diocese, by the earl of 
Oxford; and in 17(M^ he was presented to the vicarage of Wen* 
dover, in Buckbghamshire, (in the patKmage of the crown), by 
Ind ohaaoettor Cowper. 

lHu Hor^ in 2709, attended Thomas, marquis of Wharto% 
lord lievtaant of Ireland, as his domestic chaplain ; and shortly 
obtained a patent for the parish of Kilskirin the diooese of Meathy 
vacant by tiie prom o tien of doctor Ral^ Land)ert to ik» deanery 
joi Down. <' But the ti^ of the crown," says Harrk^ '<totfaat 
afltw>wson was litigated; and Moreton, bishop of Meatiw admittQi 
his own son to it^ under a title derived from a popirii lord, who 
hMl forftrited by the rebeUien of 1641. Whereupon a fwaret^ 
p$dk was brooght, and a cmnplete verdict obtamed in bebalf of 
Ihe cfoWBi But the cause was removed into England by writ ol 
error, where it depended for many years ) aud at last was endecl 
by a tadgmeat of the British house of lords. During this intervaly 
Mr. Hort was mstttuted to the rectory of Havensham, in Baddb^-^ 
liaaaikire, upon the qaeen's presenfaition, by the fovoor of ihm 
iWd chaneeilor Cowpen Jadgment being at length given in be« 

* Memoirs of the family of Grace. By S. Gmce, fisq., F. S. A. 
t Hsriii. • 

or VBB ^09MTT V¥ CAI^W. MB 

UU <)( OfttiHeof tibg orowa to Kihrkir, in 1717, h% mmm ow 
and poBM08ed himodf of tbe parish ; but lost upwiurds of ttwi 
jear'» jx^ta^ wlMch could not bo rocovarod fron the oltrk dofei^ 
daiit» by my low dienln forco. This ¥exAtiou$ dali^ gavo iw 
to aa act of yarliamant, aono 6 George I^ and siaca toatinoadL 
far tka better secuniig the rigbts of adTowson aad prMeatatioii to 
aodeeiastical be a eficee; by wbicb not only all oaaoitti ia writiof 
jfaare iny^edii are taken away, bat tbe iatroder ia upon enoimi 
made accomitaUe for tbe nesae pro&t% after aaufficieat aflowaaaa 
au4e foraerviag the care." 

Mr. Hort was promoted, ia 1718, to tbe daaaefy of Cloyai^ 
aad rectory of Loutb, by the duke of Bolton, lord Ueateaaat of 
Ireland. In 1720, be was traasferred tofta deanery of Aida^^ 
aad thence waspreseated to Ihe bishopric of LeigblW and Ferns, 
by tfaodidce of Grafton^ lord lieatenaat oi Irelaa^ by letters pa* 
tent, dated the lOtb February, 1721. He was also graatad the 
ipeetory of KiUebao* Tbe new prelate was ooasecsatsd ca the 
26th of said month of Febniary, in the ohnrch of Castlalraool^ 
by the bishops of Meatb, Kilmore, Ardaffb, aad Dromiaro* 

Oeoig« the I. dkd on the llth Juae, 1727, 

Retgn of George, IL A.D« 1727, io A.D. 1760. 

George II, succeeded to the throne on the death of Creofge t. 

By the favour of Lord Casteret, lord lieutenant of Ireland, bi- 
shop Hort was translated from Leighlin and Ferns, to ^ sees of 
Kilmore and Ardagh, by letters patent, dated 20th July, 1727. 

John Hoadley, archdeacon of SaHsbury, was promoted to the 
bishopric of Leighlin and Ferns, by the letter of king George I., 
dated 3d June, 1727. But the king diied before either ha or hi- . 
shop Hort could pass the patents for their respective preferments. 
He, however, procured the letters patent of Greorge II. dated 
August the 4tii ; and was consecrated in St Patrick's church, 
Dublin, on the 3d of September following, by Williaro, Archbishop 
of .Dublin, and other assisting prelates. Bishop Hoadley was 
translated. to Ae arcbdiooese of Dublin, on the llth of January, 

Arthur Price was translated to Leighlin and Ferns from the see 
of Clonfert, by letters patent, dated 26th May, 1729, and thence '-* 
to tiie diocese of Meath, on the 4tli Feb. 1733. 

Edward Synge was translated fitmi the see ofCldyne, toLc^gl!* 
lin and Ferns, by letters patent, dated fiie 8th February, ITod^ 
Tbe foDowing is a letter from tibis prelate to Dean Swift >^f* Seph 
18, 1738. Sir, a message which I just now received from you by 


Mr. Htigliefiy give^ me some hopes of being restored to my old place. 
^ Formeriy I was your minister in musicis : but when I grew a great 
mail (and by the by,yoa helped to makiB me so) yon tmned me off. 
If yoa are pleased again to employ me, I shall be as fiuthful and 
obsenrant as erer* I have heard Mr. Hughes sing olben at Perd- 
▼al's, and have a good opmion of his judgment : so has Percival, 
who, in these affairs^ is infallible. His voice is not excellent but 
will do ; and, if I mistake not, he has one good quality, not very 
common with the musical gen^emen, «. e. he is desirous to im- 
prove himself. If Mason and Lamb were of his temper, they 
, would be as fine fellows as they think themselvei). I am, sir, your 
'most obedient humble servant, adward Fsrns/'*^ Bishop Synge 
was translated to Elphin. 

Qeorge Stone succeeded, by letters patent, dated 5th June, 
1740, He was consecrated at Chapelisod, on the drd of August^ 
by the archbishop of Dublin. He was tran^ated to Kildare. 

William Cottrell, son of Sir Charles Cottrell, master of the 
ceremonies, dean of Raphoe, was appointed to the see of Leighlin 
and Ferns, by letters patent, dated 24th March, 1743. He was 
consecrated at ChnBt-ehurch, bv the archbishop of Dublin, on the 
19th June, 1743. He died in' England^ on the 2ist June, 1744. 

Robert Downes succeeded, by letters patent, dated Ist August, 
1744^ and was consecrated in St. Michael's church, Dublin, by 
John, Archbishop of Armagh, on 19th August. He was tran»- 
lated to Down and Connor, on the 13th October, 1752. 

A new padiament met on the 28th of November, 1727. 


Couniy of Catherlogh* — Robert Burton, Esq, 
V Jeffery Paul, Esq. 

Borough qf Catherhgh. — James Hamilton, Esq. 

Richard Wolseley, Esq. 
Borough of Old LeighRn^—Thomsis Trotter, Esq. 

John Beauchamp, Esq. 

Parliament again met, on the 23rd of September, 17!^. 


Couniy of Catheriogh. — Robert Burton, Esq. 

Richard Butler, Esq. 
Borough of Catherlogh. — James Hamilton, Esq. 

Richard Wolseley, Esq. 
' Borough of Old Leighlin. — ^Thomas Trotter, Esq. 

John Beauchamp, Esq. 

11th November, 1729. — A complaint being made to the house 
of a breach of privilege committed by Mr. Charles CallaghaD, 
Thomas Callaghan, Patrick Cummin, Thomas Cummin, John 
Bourk, Miles Devitt, and John Sheehan, against James Hamilton^ ^ 

* Hawkesworth's Life of Swift. 


Esq. a member of this house, by disturbing him in his possession 
of the castle-yard of Catherlogh, during the time of pririlege. 

Ordered — That the matter of the said complaint be referred to 
the committee of privileges and elections, and that they do examine 
and report the same, with their opinion thereupon, to the house. 

I Ith December, 1729. — Ordered —That it be an instruction to 
the committee of privOeges and elections, that they do hear the 
matter of a breach of privilege complained of to be committed by 
Mr. Charles Callaghan, and others, against James Hamilton, Esq. 
a member of this house, on Saturday next. 

13th December, 1729.— Ordered— That it be an instruction to 
the committee of privileges and elections, that they do hear the 
matter of a breach of privilege, complained of to be committed by 
Mr. Charles Callaghan and others against James Hamilton^ Esq. 
a member of this house, on Tuesday next. 

15th December, 1729. Ordered — ^That it be an instruction to 
the committee of privileges and elections, that they do hear the 
matter of a breach of privilege, complained of to be committed 
by Mr. Charles Callaghan and others, against James Hamiltodi 
Esq. a member of this house^ on Wednesday next, at nine of tii 
clock in the morning. 

18th December, 1729. — Dr. Trotter reported fipom die com- 
mittee of privileges and elections, that they had heard the mat- 
ter of a breach of privilege, complained of to be committed by 
Charles Callaghan, Thomas Callaghan^ Patrick Cummin, Tho- 
aias Cummin, John Bourk, Miles Devitt, and John Sheehan, 
against James Hamilton, Esq., a member of this house, and had 
come to several resolutions therein, which he read in his place, 
and after delivered at the table, where the same were again read, 
and agreed to by the house, and are as follow : 

Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee, that Char- 
les Callaghan is guilty of the breach of privilege comj^ined of by 
James Hamilton, Esq., a member of this house. 

Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee, that Thos. 
Callaghan is guilty of the breach of privilege complained of by 
James Hamilton, Esq*, a member of this house. 

Resolved — I'hat it is the opinion of this committee, that Patk. 
Cummin is guilty of the breach of privilege conq>lained of by 
James Hamilton, Esq., a member of this house. 

Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee^ that Tho- 
mas Cummin is guilty of the breach of privilege complained of by 
James Hamilton, Eisq., a member of this house. 

Resolved — ^That it is the opinion of this committee, that John 
Bourk is guilty of the breach of privilege (^omplained of by James 
Hamilton, Esir, a member of this house* 

Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee, that Miles 
Devitt is guilty of the breach of privilege complained of by James 
Hamilton, Esq., a member of this house. 
Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee, that John 

972 filitOn AND ANTiqClTIBS 

tSieehan is ^^ty of the breach of privilege, complaiiied of byJina/i 
Hamiltoo, %84» & mefiiber of this house. 

Ordered— That the said Charles Callaghan^be, for his said 
breach of privilege, taken into custody of the seijeant at arms 
attending this house. 

Ordered — That the said Thomas Callaghan be, for his said 
breach of privilage, taken into the custody of the Serjeant at 
arms attending this house. ^ , 

Ordered*— lliat the said Patrick Cummin be, for his said breach 
of privilege, taken into the custody of the Serjeant at arms attend- 
ing this house. 

Ordered. — ^That die said Thomas Cummm be, for his said 
breach of privilege, taken into the custody of the seijeant at arms 
attending this house. 

Ordered — ^Thatthe sidd John Bourk be, for his said breach of 
privilege, taken into the custody of the seijeant at arms attending 
this house. 

Ordered — ^That the said Miles Devitt be, for his said breach of 
privilege^ taken into the custody of the said Serjeant at arms at- 
tending this house. 

Ordered — ^That the said John Sheh|m be, for his said breach of 
privilege^ taken into the custody of the seijeant at arms attending 
this house. 

10th February, 1729.— Ordered — That Mr. Speaker do issue 
his warrant to tiie clerk of the crown to make out a writ to the 
sheriff of the county of Catherlogh for electing a knight of the 
shire to serve in this parliament for the said county, in the room of 
JefferyPaul, Esq., deceased. 

Parliament having been prorogued on the 14th May, 1730, 
itaet again .on the 5th October, 1 73 1 . 


Cbmidr ^ Cuthtrhgh. — Robert Burton, EVk). 

Richard Butler, Esq. 

Borough of dUAerlogh.-^JaaoBB HamDton, Eisq. 

Richard Wolseley, Esq. 

Borough of Old Leighlin. -^ThomM Trotter, Esq. 

John Beauohamp, Esq. 

20th October, 1 731.— A oomplaint beinfnnade to the house that 
Chas. Callaghan, Ihds. Cijlaghaa, Jdm Bourke, PatrickCummin, 
John Sheehan, Thos. Cunuum, MBes Devitt, who were orderedinto 
custody the last session ot parliament for a breach of privilege by 
them committed agakitt Jaaies Hanaiton, Esq., a member of 
this house, h^d abaoonded themselves so as they coold not be taken. 

Ordered— That the said Charles Callaghan be takan into tfas 
custody of the seijeant at arme, attending this house. 

Ordered— That the said Thomas CaUaghan be taken into the 
custody of the serjeant at arms attending tUs house. 

Ordered — That the said John Bourke be taken into tiie emtody 
of tlie seijeant at tfitts attending tins house. 

Ordered — That the said Patrick Cummin be taken into the 
custody of the seijeant at arms attending Ais house. 


Ordered-^TlMit Ae tud Thomas Commin* be tabm iato the 
CMtody of Ihe eerjeant at arms attending this house. 

Ordered — ^That the said John Sheehanbe taken into the custody 
of the Serjeant at arms attending this hoose. 

Ordered*-*-That tiie said Miles Devitt be taken into ^e custody 
of the Serjeant at arms attending this house. 

Jd Norember, 1731 • — Ordered-^That leare be^en to bring 
in heads of a bill for repairing the road leading frmn KilouUen- 
bridge, in the county of Kiidare to Leighlin-brtdge, in the county 
.of Ca^erlogh ; and tiiat Mr. Aylward, Mr. Wm. Qore, and Mr. 
Patrick Wemys ^ prepare ttid bring in the same. 

10th November, 1781. — Mr. Aylward, according to orderi 
presented to the house heads of a bill for repairfaig the road lead- 
mg fixMB KikuUen-bridge, in the county of Kiidare, to Leighlin- 
bridge, in fhe county of Catheriogh ; which were received and read, 
and committed to a committee of the whole house on Satniday . 

next. « 

Ordered that the committee be empowered to reodve a clause 
or clanses. 

I3th November, 1731. — The house according to order* re* 
solved itself ifito a committee of the whole house, to take into 
consideration hea4s of a bill for repairing the road leading from 
KilcuUen-bridge, in the county of Kiidare, to Leighlin-bric^e, in 
the county of Catheriogh ; and after some time spent tiierein, Mr. 
Spe aker resumed the chair. 

Mr. Aylward reported from the committee, that tiiey had g<m» 
Arottgh the said heads of a bill, and made several amendments 
thereto ; which he was directed to repc^ when the house will please 
to receive the same. 

Ordered — ^That the report be made on Monday next 

15th November, 1731.— -Mr. Aylward, according to order, re- 
ported from the committee of the whole house to whom heads of a 
bill for repairing the road leading from KilcuUen-bridge, in the 
ooanty of Kfldare, to Leighlin-bridge, in tbe,comoity of Cather- 
iogh, were committed, that they hiMl gaoe through the same, pa* 
jBgraph'by paragraph, and agreed thereto wi^ some ammid* 
nents ; wiieh he read m ^s ]rface, andvafler delivered at the table^ 
where the same were again read. 

And a moiton b^ng madoi that tibe said heads of a bill be now 

again lUUU I 

The same were read accordingly. 

Then the amendments, made by the committee to the said heads 
of a bffl, were agreed to by the house with some Ivrther amend- 

Ordered — ^That Mr. Aylward do attend his grace the lord lieu- 
tenant wfth the said heads of a bffl, and demre the same may be 
trmismitted into Great Britain in dm form. 

1st December, 1731 • — Ordered — That leave be given to bring 
ia heads of a Ull for exphiiinig and ameadiBg an act, made In thai 
twenty-eighth year of the reign of king Henry VIIL, intituled^ 


'* An net for the weirs of the Barrow, and otiiel^ waters in the 
county of Kilkenny ;" and that Mr. Marshall and Mr. Flood do 
prepare and faring in &e same. 

2nd Deceniher, 1731. — Mr. MarshaUy according to order^ pre- 
sented to die lioiiBe heads of a bill for explaining and amending an 
act made in the twenty-eighth year of king Henry VIIL, intitoled 
** An act for the weirs of the Barrow and other waters in the 
county- of Kilkenny;** which were received and read, and com- 
mitted to a committee of the whole house on Saturday next, 

4th December^ 1731. — The house, according to ordei^, resolred 
itself into a committee of the whole house, to teke into considera- 
tion heads of a bill for explaining and amending an act made in the 
twenty-eighth year of the reign of Henry VIIL, intituled, " An 
act for the weirs of the Barrow, and other waters in the county of 
Kilkenny;" and after some time spent therein, Mr. Speaker re- 
sumed the chair. 

Mr. Marshall reported from the committee, that they had gone 
through the said heads of a bill, and made several amendments 
thereto, which he was directed to report when the house will please 
to receive the same. 

Ordered-^That the report be made on Monday nest 
8th Deo. 1731. — Mr. Marshall, according to orda*, reported 
from the committee of the whole house, to whom heads of a bill 
for explaining and amending an act, made in tlie twenty-eighth 
year of the reign of king Henry VIII., intituled, '^ An act for 
the weirs of the Barrow, and other waters in the county of Kil- 
kenny," were committed, that they had gone through the same 
paragraph by paragraph, and agreed thereto with some amend- 
ments ; which he read in his place, and after delivered at the table, 
where the same were again read. 

And a motion being made, tiiat the said heads of a bill be now 
again read. 

The same were read accordingly. 

Then the araendmeiits, made by the committee to the said heads 
of a bill, were again read, and agreed unto by the house, with a 
further amendment. 

Ordered — That Mr. Marshall do attend his grace the l<M'd lieu- 
tenant with the said heads of a bill, and desire the same may be 
transmitted into Great Britain in due form. 

lOth February, 1732. — ^A bill, intituled, an act for explaiaiag 
and amending an act, made in the twenty-eighth yesr of the reign 
of King Henry VII I., intituled, '* An act for the weir upon the 
Barrow, and other waters in the county of Kilkenny," was pre- 
sented to the house and read the first time, and ordered to be read 
a second time to-morrow morning. 

lltii February, 1732. — ^A bill, intituled, an act for explaining 
and amending an act made in the twenty-eighth year of the reign 
of king Henry VIIL, intituled, '' An act for the weirs upon the 
Barrow^ and other waters in the coiinty of Kilkenny," according' 

or turn OOlhiTt OF. OMMWr. ftS 


lo ordff^ VB0 re«4m te^ond time* and commitfld t^ a ooina^jNia 

iMi Pebniaryy 17d2. — ^l%e botue, accdrdmg loMder, yeiqlv#i 
itMlf intb a eommlllaeof the wMe lioaaey to take kiki.oonsi^^ra^ 
tioDy a Utt inlitaladi an aet for Mcpkuniiig and amopdiny a^ aol^ 
BMdeia &e t«MBty*«igiitli yaar of iSbB reigii Of king Hamy VIIL» 
intHidedy '' An act for the weirs upon the BarroWy-aadfothev.wjalarf 
m fto ooaatjr of Kilkenny ;" and after some time spent ' thnein 
Mr. jStpeaiMT'ivsiMiied tte ebur. . 

Mr. JMavsbaU reported from the cimimitteey diattlMjr bad gon^ 
ttrougft tbe eaU hill, and that be was .directed to report wbeit ibe. 
bease will be. pleased to reoeive tibe same. 

Qrdeied — TlM&tberepwtbenpw. made.. . . 

Then Mr. Manball reported^ tbat l^e comnuttee bad gona 
ttcoi^ the said billy paragfa^byparagr^b^ and^i^eed Amifea^ 
wUfcont any amendment* . t 

Ordered— That the bill be engroesed. » 

. letb Fobmaryy 1733.-^ An engrossed biU, in^kd, an aet fiit 
explaining and amending an act, madq in the 28ib year of tho 
re^ of king Henrv VIIL, intiUded, ''An act for tb^ weiraopon 
ttio Barrow, and oiber waters in tbe oouaty of Kfflmnny/' was 
read the tbM time. 

ftesolved-^'Oiat the bill do pass. 

Ordered--That Mr. Marshall do carry the said biUl to the lorda^ 
andacqaaint Aemi tbat Ibis boose balb passed the same^.and 
lAesired their cenomtenoe tbereaatow t 

!28t|| Febmary, 1782. A message from tibe lords by Mr. Ste« 
pbens an4 Dr. lUley, tbat the lords bayo agroed to an engrossed 
bill sent up by this bouse^ intitnled, . an act lor expbdning and 
amending an act| made in the twentyf-eigbtb year of the reign of 
king Henry VIII., intituled, ''An act for the weirs upon .the 
Barrowy and other waters in the county of Kilkenny/' .witbont 
any amendment 

lOtb MaKb, 1732.— The royal assent was given to tbe Utt 
fiiHowing: , . » 

An act for explaining and amending an act made in 4io twenty-* 
eighth year of the m^ of kmg Henry VIIL^Jntituled, ". Anact 
foff the weirs, open the Bairow, and other waters in the oonnty of 
Kilkenny." « . 

Pariimnent was this day prorogued. It met again on the 4th 
October, 1733. i 


CouM^ of CaihertogA-^Rohert Burton^ Esq. 

Sir Richard BuUcr, Bart. j 

Borough of CaiAerhgh.-^JBmes HaniHtoi), Esq, 

Richard Wolseley, Esq. 
Borough of Qld tetghlin. — ^Thomas Trotter^ Esq. 

John Beauchamp, Esq. 
3rd December, 1733. — A coinplaiat being ma^e to the house 

'2 m.- 

♦ •• • • 

flheriffof tbe countv of CathMlogli, Mia Bt!gg€^^ Mm DiM^ 
tMrtftud Biiilaee, UuHbff M«Bt«y» J^^ Cmn^een^ «iii Jolia Me- 
lted i4faiiiil<3lMtrCald<mgh» Etaq., a it ai bor ^ thii i iw ms by 
fhltiMy atttMtelf •n Mi po i i ai AM hi to laais of Bt afi u i teim ,aai 
oiiar1miAiteto<B«ideooaty, aiid toniiiigamMa « t¥ att(anl ai Mg 


* Qiioi<wlM'That tha aaattar fti Itia gaii> ^wapTairil'be wfcnfut ^ 
tiia oonunittee of priTaeges and al^edmia an! llMqrii^iHMaaiK atti 
jytt'ti^ liiaflB^ iHOmialf 0|feloa fc ara q ^onip tha kam^. • 

MibielM|b«r^ ITW. Ordafed^Tbat ieanw Wgitvtt to iite 
fat a bm for relief of ^e m«fitofa of tiw baik^Mriykapibf teaK 
Burton and Daniel FaHdtt^, and of tba aredilori of tiw Uknk 
hUdjr t«pt by Baajamin Biirton» fS$muA Banon> andOatoie! of 4he owBlow of tlia iNwkhtely keft^ Baqaiail 
Burton, and Samuel Burton, and of the balik lately keplbv Bb»- 
jamin Burton and Francis HarrfftMa, find tbeA it be retoradlftlfae 
a a tii i itt i » toWbdai itbe aaid yielitiOkiirae i^iferted, «a |m c | n iN>tod 
%rin|rtn ttio bead* of a MIK 

• 14«k Dee^ttb^r, IfSS.-^-Dociof Tfotlef nsporlMl ftom 41m 
aawmilltPir^f piMc^ aisd cieetioa% ttiaktbeybad beaaA ttekaab- 
ter of a breacb of privilege complained of to ba wmntmiMi. Iiy 
Denny Cuffe, Esq., high sheriff of t^ Masdf ii QMmAo^ On. 
Bikglfol, ^Aa DMm, aof«Haad fiasiaa^, Darby Mainqs J#hn 
CiilTfM»^ iind Jdba IVfeliitfis, agcfinst Csosar (MAotlfjk,' Baq., a 
member of tiiis house, and had eoma to a eya tal a oa sj atkim < h a wfl% 
^iMthlia f^dlbiliisplaca, attd«ft6rdeli¥«radat1iM«Mfct ' 
' Aai'tba irst of Hie iaid veiiekitiotta being itgaia t9tA, : - 

Oriar oA T hai fee aaid Tfffifit )ba re^eowmittad. 

104b December, 198ft. Orderad— That JalttiBaauebaaip>BM|4 
a tfieafAartif this bousifr, have leavd to go into the cotaitryibk«t)ii«4 
iraakai upsio 'MrttMnSndry oecaaiobSk 

22nd December, 1733. — Mr. Sheppard, junior, aa a o fdiag to 
«inler« pt^mnbei to Hiebooae bMa of a bill, far reM'if this ^• 
ditors of the bank lately kept by Samuel Burton and Daniel FdMI^ 
aar, aad oFUmb et«iitor# of Ifae bank lately be|it>iy SadjaarfnBur- 
tna, Sethud burton^ and Daniel Falbiner, and of Iha craditofB of 
ite :hiiMk4atoly kept by Bevjatnin Barton and'Smnal Birrtan, aad 
of the creditors of the bank lately kept by Benjamin Boitaaani 
Fhftttois iiarriadii ; wbidb tvere ir^eiiived and toad, 4iBd aonnrited 
to a committee of the whole house on Thursday n^a^ 

24th December, I7d3.— A yeliiioii of Jas. Butler, of Rath- 
dman, in the coun^ of Catharlqgb, ^gentieman, and Anna Butler, 
ciias Harrison, liis tvife, setting forth, that th^ will be gtwAj 
affected by heads of a bill now before this bouae, for the rdief of 
the creditors of the bank lately kept by Samuel Burton nd Daliiel 
Falkiner, and of the creditors of the bank lataly kept by Beina* 
lain Burton, ^aaniel Burton, and Danid TanQner, m of &e 
creditors of the "bank lately koptlby JBenjamin Burton and Sanwei 
BttHdh, and of the creditors bf fteliank lately keptl^y Aeitjaaua 
Barton and Fraocia HartMoa, ttdfrayin]^ for a saving dieran,in 

or r Ml i9w»%% f>9^ iumms HI 

#r thai4lK) iiiiiitioMHB om^ be )i#wd hy tbw m^mM f^mti^ 

Ordflnd^Tkat the coa^MfvatiM pC He 9<p4|ietUi«|pr Wr^flirai 
t» <h » f 9i m i lt fti pC Ae wli^le b^iMa towbom 4ii aaid bii49.of a 
tiU}viu:ei«»i»ii»l^ and tto^ ih« p«i»tiw»ff» bci lim4 byUiwMmt 

fd, if tbey ftink fit, before the said committee. ' '••!.) 

: ajM^.OiMiiUry I233,r-A ffflirioii c^ CSpr)^ Guitcm md 
Wtmam BwrWSf :iu b^halC i^f tibWeLimnad olb^Wf l:bff eMdiM 
«i4 tegntiHi .^ .AMemuiii Bflq^HHu Biirtmi> diMqi09M4 HiMJnf 
fcifl)i» ibafetlwr s^ be^||v#a|4y.efiec|eA byibfiidf ^ ^ bill i^w hH 
fore this house tor the nsmf^oS the. f)fi94itor» of Ihe, blplpMriy 

W|it by i$ftim«el.9«rtoii and OfuM Fqll(i««r9 and of ^ i^r^^rA 

f>f .(h^ hMik Uitely liepttby Beiyaiiiin.SuFt6% j^awifi Pi|rt»»r MlA 
Daai^i FnUuoerif Md pf tlia oreditoiiB of the hm\^ Mtety ki^it 1^ 
Beq|Hiniii Biirlea and Saawiel .Buirhwi» wd of; tk«;:€reditofa al Ibe 
bMk kMjr bvv^ by Beq|99iiii Btrton wp4 FrapK^ia Hmmmt w4 

praying to be heard by their coonsel ay«mt A^ lA^ .b«ld»-Qf »bil|^ 
was presented to the fabune ^994 WmL • ■> 

I .QniffeA^TJMt tluieQiwid^ti^Pl of Ifae asM l>e)iHe« b0jrffened 
i» tbn nmmittet oi the whoin hpiw to whani the md bevdn of « 
Mil Mi'.cumiiatidt .and 4»|iti ^ petitio^eiv be tietird by tfaM 
mmi^AtiM 4bty ttok fi^ Wt^r^ the eelal•itte^• 

The hoase, aecording to inAvp resQlved iU«lf iipAp ^^eoinndtiteii 
¥'Ae1l|^]^4lllwe» .ip'tfis^ j^amsidva^ll be^riil^ 4rf 4 biU for 
relM <e£ tb» flreditam of ik» bap»k btely Jsept by S^mud 0wto%' 
<Im;.> wd»ftppfff## ti«^ ^^tbrnioy A^t S pwi t rcy jNw<»gd>fc> 


Mr^ SiMyp u rdj jiWicwv KW>rted from IM eommittee, Mi ibey 
bed in t fa , f ee fi » pwigreQs m >fee matter to item i^fwiidt mi iliat 
W was -difMlod to i»eve the iioiiaf Ipr leavi^ io 4»^ qgfMi)* 
V ftei0liridrf Tbi^ this boipi9fi wi|l» tp-mofvow momti§, aesbl«« 
ilMilf intetiM^niiifivtteid <of tb^iwhoto imm to tK)fe4b»ii«td ktmiB 
ef.Ai)itt.iiitoifiwlbereowd»BitiGiii, ..i^ 

itself into a committee of the whole house, to take into fifrfiiliA 

mmidfMl^M imi» 4^%]Hlliarrdi#|.rf A#iii)0ijteiii^lhe 

bank lately kept by Samuel Burton, (&c.) ; and after some jtm(ft 
spent diereiii, Mr. Speaker re^yiaed ^abfWV* < - 

r Mrv 9bi$t9ll9^ jupifir, f«pi9i^ed frpm tbeflfuwii^M dia4 t|i»y 
))(id iBUdn fome duttbef pnw^^i^ ^ 4aaMv ,tor jthe^i irefipnudg 

and that he was directed to move the bouse ier Is^vil to ait dgfub^f 
' ihwieivpd^"-Tb<il thisbmifM will, .oa Tbuntday iiext,>>«frj|wie}v» 
•*fi^ le^^lye itself into a cepmittfie of |be wbpW bllM9 tovMM 
the said heads of a bill into further consideration, and «oelll^9ig !• 

[AgWii'itakea int» 4)oiisidiinitioD^ i^fminf ^ 4ai»« 4/>lwi»ifii^ 

If8 • BMiTORT AND Airrvq^iflnl 

mrtttg k liMli of a UH now before* iMi hotee for frfW «f • tiie 
crcd n ert of "tiie bank lately kept by Saamd BortoD, (Ae.), m vria^* 
Hon to nmenl mtma of mooey paid into tbe handp of tie Mid 
BoBJamki Barton oat of tlie rentt end profits Ht Iho p O tit l Ou er'a 
Mile, nm prMontod to ibe hoQse and road. ^* 

<' Ordered— That tbe conmderation t>f tiie eaid petition bo Mfevrod 
ter tiie oommitteo'Of tl^ wboie house to trbom ibo eaid beads of a 
bill an conunitted. ' 

^ iOCh Janaary, 1784.^-Theboaeei Bcpor&ing to order/ reaolTed: 
islf into a vomndtteo of the ^rfade bouse, to take io^ litflher 
ep mM o raUo n beads of a biU for r^ef of tbe creditors'of tbo^baak 
lately kept by Sanoel Burton, (ftc.) { end after some lime spent 
Iberein^ mt. Speaker resumed the chair.- 
' Mr. Chfdgman reported from the eonnuittee, tfiat tibey bad 
node soine further progress m the matter to tbem refcrred, and 
Ibat te was dh«cted to moira 'flie house for KeaTO to sit again* 
^ ResoNed^Tbat this house wiR, on Saturday next/ resolve itself 
kto a committee of the '^ole bouse to tAie tbe said beeids of a 
bill into further eonsideration* '^ 

[This matter further considered on Jan. 12.] 
• 14t]i January, 17M. — The bouse; aeeording tooirder, neelted 
itsdf into a committee of the whole house to take into IMbetf 'eofr- 
sideratfon' heads- of ^n bill fi)r rdief of the i;reditors of thebenk 
lately kept by ^Samuel Burton, (Aa) ; and after sone time spent 
tiierein, Mr. Speaker resumed tbe chair. 
*• Mr. Sbeppard, junior, reported from the eommitlee, that Aey 
bnd gone through die said heads of a bHl, and made semalenBend- 
anents thereto, which he was directed to report when the boaso w9i 
please to receive the same. 

Ordered-^ That the report be received on Thursday^ ^neat. 

I7tb Jaflui^, l7M.^Mr. Shepptu^, jumor,* si e e ot idisig to 
order, reported fbom tbe commitl^ of the whole bo«M»-to^boi» 
beads ^f a bill for relief of llie ci^dHors of the banklaleif ksptW 
Sanrael Btaton, (Ac.) were commHted, diat they bad^geuetbroug^ 
the same, paragraph by paragraph, 'and agreed tbet^to*/ With cote o 
amenidnients^ which he leadin his place, uid af^ deli w ed attbe 
table ; ' ' ' * . , ■ . , 

f And a notkm bemg nad^, that Ae sttd beads of a biR be MW 
i^ad, • 

The same were read accordmgly. 
'C Then severalof the amendments made by tbe o o nia rfttcc to the 
said beads ofa bill wore again read, and agreed to by tlrie houses 
witfa some further aihendments. 

' Ordei«d--That the further cetosideration of the said rep«l« be 
ftijelinied till to-morrow morning, at twelve o'clock, and neMng" 
to intervene. 

18th January, 1734.— The house, according to order, pro- 
seeded to tak^ into consideration the report from the committee of 
the whole house to whom heads of a bill for relief of the oredittts 
ef Jttie^ baok latelgr kept by (Samuel Burtoii^ (&c.) were eonsmitted. 


I . Aai tibt^rofttiof the aoMndmeiitB laafB by die*c6nliwtl6^ to dit 
Mid kaads of a bill wore again md, and agreed to by the hemiei 
with some further amendmeote* .. 

. Ordevd— That Mr. Sbeppard, joiu, do attend hie grace the 
lord lieatanant withthe said beads of a bill^ and desire the saBi# 
tmy be tnuMnitlied to-Great Britab in due form* 

[Said biU read first time> on 25th April, 1734. Oidered to ba 
eBgroasedj ' 26th April, 1 734. Passed and sent to the lords, 27tb 
April, 1734. Received &e royid assent, on the 29di April, 
1334.] . 

5tb March 1736. — A petition of Samuel Low and many othera^ 
whose names are thereunto subscribed, gentlemen and fireiBholders 
of the counties of Meath, Westmeath, Cavan, Kildai^i Carlqw, 
Monaghan, Tipperary and Limerick, and several o^r part^ of 
Irdand, in* hehaii of themselves and the. rest of the. gentlemen 
and land-hc^falers in this kingdom, setting forth that the clergy in 
the several parts where ^e petitionexa dwdl, hitve commenced 
and threaten to commence suits for a new kind of tithe, under 
the name of agistment for dry and barren cattle, which will be 
very grievous to the petitioners, and to all those who are sned for 
tiie same, and praying relief therein, was presented to the houa^ 
aad read. 

Ordered — ^That Mr. Morgan, Mr. Serjeant Bette6Worfh,.&c« 
or any five or more of tiiem, be appointed a committee, to meet 
to-morrew morning, at mne o*clock, in the liqpeaker^s chamber, to 
examine ^e allegations of the said petition; that they have power 
to send for persons, papers, and records, and to a^oom from 
'time to time, and place to place, as they shidl think fit, and re- 
port their proceedingp, with their opinion thereupon, to the house,' 
and tbatal) members who come have voices. 

4th January,' 1738. — A petition of John Beauchamp, Beq., iir 
b^fdf 'of faimfteif and Nathaniel Evans, and others, minors, to 
wkomheiegQar&m, setting forth* that they will be greatly af* 
footed by a biU now under the consideration of this house, for the 
relief of the ereditors of Daniel Reddy, Esq., and of Dudley Reddy, 
bis brother, deceesed, by sale of their real wad personal estat^ 
for payment of their debts, if the same should pass into a law, ai4 
praymg to be heard by their oounsd against the smdheads ol a 

Wee prsse^edto Ae house, and read, and referred to &e com* 
nnttee of the whdie house, to whom the said heads (^ a bill are 

' Ordered— That the petitioners have leave to be heard by their 
counei^, if they thbk &t, .before the smd committee. 

13th February, 1740.— Ordered— That Sir Richaid Butler, 
bart., a member of thi^ house, have leave to go into the country 
for a month, upon extraordinary occasions. 

29tfa Nov. 1743. — Ordered— That leave be given to brmg in 
beade of a biH for aUowiog further time to persons in offices or em* 
ploymoits to qualify themselves, pursuUnt to aa act intituled, *[ An 

j&ff BMnWT AND AHViilVmil ' 

Trattdr^ (ooe oC the membera lor Old Leigbltii) bud Mr. ] 
li^rii do prepare and bring in the sattft* 

4 Oid«red-*-TlMiiliav6 be given to bring in headi of » Kit 'for 
anendsDg, Tepairkigy and shorteniiig ikt highways or road lead^ 
ingfrom Athy, in the county of KiidiMy &raug4 tbt oo«l«fitt to 
Casttebonkv in the county 6f Kiikeanyy mud kotat thence to the 
town of CarkMr^. in &^ oonn^ of Ctoiow; and that Mr« hkoFgm 
and iir John D^nny Vesey di prefwr* and bring in'thaeamei. 

After prorogati(n% parliament met on the 8th day #f Oo 
tobei^ I745i ' ' ... ^^ - 



Countjf of Caiherhgh. — Robert 6iu*ton» E$(^ 

Sir Richard Butler, Bart. 

Borough qf Catherlogh^ — Jajuee Hamilton^ Esq.. 

Sir Richard Wolselev, Bart. 

borough c/ Old LeigARn, — Thos. Trotter, Esq. 

Hon, Rdbert Jocelyn^ 
Thomas Carter, tbeyoiiDj^er, Esq., 
in the room of the said Thomas Tfott^r« Esq* 

8th October, 1745. — Ordered that Mr. Speaker do . iagiie hit 
vn^tnfiBk to the olerk of Ae oown^ to ftiate oout a nen^ vmk for 
alttoting a burgeaa ,to serve in this pr^pent paiiiaiBoiil iqir the 
borpi^^h of Old Leighlini in the county of tht 
mom of John Bfauchanpv Esq#, decensed^ 
r. l«t J>fovemb«iv 1745. — Orderedr-That Mr^ Speaker do iisne 
hia. If the clerk of the erown^ to nakn^ont a neir writ for 
^eetiog a burgesa to serve in thif piesenik parHanient ibr the b<N 
rough of Old Leighlin,^ in the county of Cntherkigk^ in tka.|onm 
of ThaiQ«aTratter» E«^«»deceased, 

, 23d January^ 17^6,^ — A petition of Jodefih Fado.. and > J^An 
Wilwif Patrick CroB^, Nichoi«« Clinton, . JiMea Cafel. Mnik 
Whyto and John jFarran^ for and on bebidf of tbemtelT^s^ •nnd 
^stml other of the. creditors by debenture. ttokcftSfOvwaffrnntof 
i^•ued by the trosteea of the tu«npike-foad l^adingiiroui the towsn 
of Kakidlen^ in the iSQunty. of Kild^re^ to. the town of CaAer'* 
tog^ Mtting fertb»; tbat tb«(y ^ifo f^vMmd ]|if)gn mm cf »onn|i 
towards the repair of the said road^ and that the tolls arisiK^ 
tbeneonpuv :net ei^eient .to .fn^.&eiMteKtet^f (tn said loilfey, 
and praying, relief wns prfsis^tod^ttfiQ honae, «»dreiid.; 

Ordered— That Mr. Wall of Maryborough, Mr. Ke^tang» Aot 
^ Area' or nme of- timaa^ . ho i^pointod a ootomillte,. to ,mm% in 
the speaker's chamber to-morrow mnntfng^ at nine e( d»e j>*de»if^ 
to nxiitiiiie the matter of .the said petition,, imd that fth«y /te im- 
port the same^ with their pinion thereupon to. ib0 iionee; mti 
they have power to adjourn from timo to timc^ end pk^ 
9a thay "shall think fit. 

24th Jimoary* 174&---M^ Bei^gtoiii Bmtm pMMtod to th«^ 
JlOMse,. I^nrsonnt to their, order : 

Of nm Q^wnr er aammr. Stl 

Ai«tiimliMiiJk» tBwpiiMBinmw ^mtOf tor Urn mmtf <ot 

The wstwhOTMf wweffMd. 

O0ie*nltlii««e nid reCms do He «pm te tdUe,ftoW po» 
niBcd bjT tlie wifunhcn. 
' IM DMHriMr, 1747.r-«Oideped^Tliatlttve1ie girM'to btiiig 

imde for lepairing the roed fixNyf^etown of Kileiilleii^aiftiroDoiity 
of Kildiftylolhe toim of Catheriogh, «ed fdr]a<srefiflniglhelDUi» and 
fepiaiSng the oxpewM of the sold roed ;«iidtiuitairRi0hordCiBK 
end Mr. Dovid Btedon do prapoe andhridg in^ muml* 
' PeilbDiaiC henif beeo pnrogted, MetoBliie IQifa Oct,l74a 

UBiniSBS. ^ 

CpM/jf^/* CkUkerlpgh, — Robert Burton, E$q. 

Sir Richard Butier, Baroneb 

B^r^ ji '^ CMUr/(0£'^-^aaie8 HamiUoPi Esq. 

Sir Richard WolA^ey, Baronet 

Borough of Old LeighUn. — Honourable Robert Jocelyi^ 

ThoQuus Carter, the younffer^ Bso. 

Parliemevt was prorogued, and again met on the oth October, 
1751 f when our district had the eaioe members. 

llth Doceiober, 1751. Ordered — That leave be given to 
bong in hfods of a bill for making and rex»airi^g the road leading 
feom Ao town of Al^^, in the county of Kildaro, ihrougli part <tt 
the Qfeep'ti county, and throogh the town of CasQecomer, in fh^ 
ooonty of Kilkenny, to the town of Leng^Uia-bridge, in the county 
^ Cariow; #i|i that Mr. Fitz*Gerald and colond Blennerbaseet 
do prepare and bring in the aame. 

13th Deceviber, 1751,— Mr. Pitz-Gerald, according to order, 
presented to the hooee heads of a bill fior malong and repairing the 
totA loiduig &om the town of Athy,iin dbe county Kildare* through 
part of the Qneen's county, and through Ike town of Castlecomei^ 
in the county of Kilkenny, to the town of Leighlin-bridgej in the 
connty of CarloW| which were ceceived, read, and committed. 

Araotved^-^Thattiiishoase will, ^n Monday morning next, re^ 
aoke itself into a committee of the whole house to tal^ the said 
tieada of a biH into consideration. 

19th Decinnber, J 75 J . Ordered — That the committer of th^ 
wh(do boHse, to whom heads of a bill fiar makii^ and repainn? the 
read lending &om the tcnvn of Athy^^^c.}, laro cosimitted, navo 
power to receive a clause to diiect the trustees, in the said heads 
of ahiU to bo •amec^, to meet alteimtely at 4he towiis of Athy, 
Cantiecomer, and Leighlin^hndgo. 

And also a clause to prevent the scraping of the tuny ike ros^^ 
or iaying elvaw lOr olber materiala thf^neon for ifakiog dutig; or 
digging and taking a^y the grooi^d in die high roads^, on either 
aide die turnpike roads. 

4Ad4h«i the4ioiHSb ^ocpopdiogltp Qrder« jreeolfeedTitself intoihe 

• .< 

* Joumali of ths Irish House of Conunoni* Vol. IV.' ' 

Md ecMBmiltoe ; and afler scnae time ipeot therein, Kir. Spetfcer 
resumed the chair. 

Mr. Fitz-Gerald reported from the committee, that they had 
flSMdeaomeprogreiaiii the matter to th^m referred, andthat^he 
was directed to move the house for leave to sit again. 

Resolved — That this house, wUI, tcMnorrow mornings lesdve 
itself into a committee of the whole house, to take the said heads 
of a bill into further consideration. 

7th January, 1752. Ordered— That the coaunittae of tiia 
whole house, to whom heads of a bill for making and reputfing the 
road leading from the town of AUiy, (&c.), are oommitted, be 
enpewared to receive a clause to enable the trustees to fiirm the 
tolls or duties, to arise on the said road, for one or two years. 

And then ^e house, according to order, resolved itseu into the 
said oonunittee ; and after some time spent thereini Mr. Speaker 
resumed the chair. 

Mr, Fitz-G^rald reported fi^m the committee, that they had 
ffone tlirough the said heads of a bill, and that he was directed to 
T^ipoti when the house will please to receive the same. 

Resolved — That the report be received to-morrow morning. 

8th January, 1752. — ^Mr. Fitz-Gerald. accordbg to order, 
reported from the committee of the whole house, to whom heads 
of a bill for makmg and repairing the road leading from the town 
of Athy, (&c.), were committed, that they had gone through the 
said heads of a bill, paragraph by paragraph,^ and agreed there- 
to, with some amendments, which he read in his place, and after^ 
wards delivered in at the table. 

And a motion bei^g made that the said heads of a biU be now 
read, the same were read accordingly. 

Then the amendments made by tiie committee to the said ' heads 
of a bill were again read, and agreed unto by the house. 

Ordered— That Mr. Fitz-Gerald do attend his grace the lord 
lieutenant, with the said heads of a bill, and desire the same may 
be transmitted into Great Britain in due form. 

2l8t April, 1752. — A jbill, indtuled, an act for making and 
repairing &e road leading from the town of Athy, in the county of 
Kildare, through part of the Queen's county, and through the 
town of Castlecomer, in the county of Kilkenny, to the town of 
Old Leighlin in the county of Carlow, and from thence to and 
through the town of Leighlin-bridge, in the said county of Carloiv, 
was presented to the bouse, and read the first time, and ordered to 
be read a second time to-morrow morning. 

22tad April, 1752. — A bifl, intituled, an act for making and 
repairing the road leading from Athy, (&c.), according to order^ 
was read a second time, and committed. 

Resolved — m^at this house will, to-morrow morning, resolve 
itself into a committee of the whole house, to take the bill into con- 
eideratioif. j 

2Srd April, 1752.-'The house, accordmg to order, resolved 
itself mto a committee of the whole house, to take into consider- 


tttimiy a^ ystt ySfkM, aft act for makiag ami i^iidof Mm fMl 
laadbg ima fce town of Alhy, (&c.) } Md Aftar Mtte tllM»tepttil 
tlMre% Mr. Speaker fasuiied tihe diidr. 

Mr* FitB-Ctoral4 reported front the oDMtiiMio^AMIIfailf'M 
gonetbfo^fh tfio \M, abd tkilto w«e diMOltod W» i> Hfe t» H lM U't ii i 
kdde^ wiKpllwietoreeeit«tib»«alnai. ' • • i • -' '^•'^ 

ReBoHred-^That tiM report be fiont veeekVd^ ' r* "-i 

TheoMf^ Fkz.Getfald rtfported^ tiial tlw eoMSMM ktf* fMi 
dmNigh dkv liiy patapaithf hy pangrapbi dtoa^ ifrMi^MMItH 
vhlioui lebiy ineii&iieiit^ 

Ofdensd-^^'^rhat tho bUl In» oiigTOMid^ ..i: ... i^ >^. 

making and rau^tinff flio nadleadfaiyfrofli'lto tM«Fdf Aiiy»« 
(<rc.V iMf MmI tke ttibd dmew ' ' ' 

Reealved Aatte byi do {ffaM« 

Oideradr'-'Tkat 1^. Fba43eMld d(> cittry ifo Mi M^ 
andtdedin^ their coM«itieM«. . '•-' 

39tii Apri^ 1 7tt.^A tt^MOgi^ flww tte lM«4i bf BoMT Wai 
and MtjOjdS^ that dM kwig^hat^o agffeed to m iif fftt m t A Ml «Mit 
up by this bouse, intituled, anaoe ftrvMiMttg' «iid^ repiHriil^ thi 
^ l^adifig' from-tko town of Atby,<&c'^)| without Mf ItfMiid- 


MMIqrf^ It^c^Kfr. SpMfltei^ «epw«e^ fbtt Utt' iNMuSi^lttl 
dMendted biff graM diebPdHeitleMtotfft'tlie'boiAiii ef pMM. 'WftMH 
Idd^v^M ^ffBi'pteaeed'IO'giir^tboi^ti^ 
. AiriMtfaiMWi^'aiidfidpeiktef A^foiriloftdu^ 
of Atbyv (Ac^)^ 

On the 7di October, 1755, when p rth M MiflP tfim m ao rt d 
e«itei^ tfae.iiMMbe>8 of oiir ciMHiy coiitiitiM I^OBaMMf'^ttl last 
stated^. . • : , ..i 

Pkd&iifHttmaMgateo»tkoliAO#lob^ t 


• ' • 

Sir Richard Battier, BatbtnnL * ' 
JSi^rMr^A ts/* CbMtff/o^.^^mtt^ Hatt0 fikl. ' ' \ 

Sir Rit£^.WobeIey, jBitt*oiul' 
B&rongh 6f on LetgMin.-^ThxmM Cart^, jun.,£dti. 

Rt. Horn Ricfaatd Rigby, bi«om Ad 
24tfrof Octobfef, 1757. 
f M October, IT5I. Ohlered-^that Mr/ Sbe&kek^ db ii^W 
bfe trtMitit to (2i6 clerk of tto ctown, fo maker out tf new Tfi^i^ ttst 
electing a burgess to senre in this present parliament for . t&^'^bd^ 
i^ugh o^ cm LeigUin, in die countv* of Carlbw, in the fOoAf of 
die hononttifolb Robert Jocelyn, now lord viscbunt Jbd^hrn^ '' ' 
After prorogatfoB, parGament met WAi Octdbet*, Vtm. 
l^tK November, 1759.-^ A petition of din eoveiftigd dud ftitf- 
ges&es of die town of Cariow, and sereral plfnc^ g^ddiftOii 4iS 

* Journals of H. of OommonB* ?oU ▼• 


tM < HlfiTORT AND AVniiVftVBM 

jibe /coUDtJM of.Carlow, Kilkeiiny, and Kildare was ptumteAfa 
the houMy and read, Mtting forth, that there hadtooi a grieal 
trade earned on for many yeaie bytte river BarrovTy froftrMooaa* 
toevandinM^ tike town of Atliy, in tiie eomity of Kildare, €kr- 
hm 9»i L&f^tiMiMg^ Carlos, to tfietoini of 

R068, m the ooim^rot Wezfoid, and the city of Waterford^tothe 
gnat advant^ or tibe trade of fSbk Idngdoni. 'That iksm «fe 
fMvne anudl atoppages in theeooneof tiie said river/ xMdk grMly 
toijetniet tibeiiavigalion thcMi^ in dry seasone^ and wUdi nnglit 
he remored or avoided at asmidl expense, and render the navi^^ 
gatiottof tbe said river of the ffreateat a4iKafitag0 to ihe pubic; 
wd'ivayiBg Urn hofkae to take ue prenriees into eonilderation^ and 
p giant smk a8n8tance> as the bouse shdl think* proper* 

Ordered— That Mr. Beigamin Burton, Mr. Keatinge, &c. or 
aiqr three or more oftfaem, be appointed a oonnoittee, to meet to- 
jaopnm wwmmg, nfaie of the dock, in the speaker's diamber, to 
examine the matter of the ^said petitioBi and that they rqwt 
)4ifBi'ianie» • ifiQi ibeir opiaioa iherMipon,' to ike house ; and Ihat 
they .have power to adjourn from time to time, and plaee to places 
and to send for persons and papers* 

14th November, 1759.^^Mr« Bei^aaun Burton reported from 
•the com^ttee to whcmi the petition of the sovereign and bui^gea* 
(B^ of the town of Cartow, and several .^ the piladpal- genlie- 
91^ of ^opuntiea of Carlow,. Kilkenny and KildarewaiBtrefamd^ 
the,|)9solu|kioD8 which the ooounittee had directed liim' to'report to 
the bouae^whicK be read in Ju3 place, and afterwasda«delimed m 
at the table, where the same were read, and agreed unto by the 
)iou8e« andiareas follow: 

,|lesolveilr-That it is the opbuon of this committee; that the 
petitioners have fiiUy proved l2^ allegations of then: pelitidn. 

Resolved— Tfmt it is the opinion of tUs committee, tibatihe 
I^titiooen deserve encouragement. 

Ordered — ^That tb6 said report be refeired to the committeB 
of the whole hoiise appointed to take into consideratiini tiie supply 
granted to his majesly, as also hie grace the lord lieutenant*6 q>eech. 

17th November*. 1759. — The right honourable the chanocjlor 
of the exchequer^ according to order, repcnrted from the committee 
of the whole house to wbom it was referred to consider of tiie 
aupi^y, granted to bis majesty, as also his grace the lord lieutenant^s 
speech, the resolutions which the committee had directed him to 
report to tiie house, which he read in his place, and afterwards 
ddiyered In at ihe table, where the same were read> and are ^ 
follow: . • ,. 

, 17./ Resolved— That it is the opinion of this committee, that 
a siun of two thousand pounds be given to the Right Hon. CharlM^ 
earl of Dro|p^eda, Sir Richard Butler, Baronet, Maurice Keatinge, 
EM|.,.3emanjin Burton,^ Esq;, John Rochford, Esq.,^' Walter 
Wddbn, Esq., and Jazncs Agar^ the younger, Esq., or any 
three of thein^ to be by them applied to remove die bbikmctions 

OF TBE covtnr Of €AKU>w. isH 

m the uviWIiDii' of the mer Banw, from the 'tide watef ^t 'st 
MidliBB to Haautenran, to be setoiuited- for to psHiiuneiif J 
. The sereiitMBtti' reeolatioB Imi^ read a second thbe; 'wiu 
«Moded, and SierMolutioaeb amended, is aa'Ibni^vrMh^' ' - ''" 

tUadvad—Tbet a sua of-two tb<Aunt4 peabdb b^ ^M^^tV , 
Oe Rt Hon; Cbartee eart of Drogheda, Sir Richard Bufl^.'Shtrf. 
HaNBce Keatii^, Esq., BenjoKin BtiTton,'B«q., Jdij/'IlW^- 
fanl, E«|., ' Wtdler < Weldon, Eeq.,' James Agar, tti6' ^oiD^ 
bq., dieRiriitHMk James^ eat! «f Kildw^'&e R^E <iMit 
iiUm, oari oCWaiKtwfbH. ^ WiDiatfa Cooper, Bart., JodWCto^^ 
Eoq^ Beeudamp Bognal, Esq., Robert Doyne, Beq./ Rtd^ 
Gtm, Esq., Joo. D^^, Beq., Henry Bunbiuy,' EM];, 'EXas 
BeM^ Esq.,. John St. Lwer, Esq., WHIiam Stevar^ Esq., Oeoi^ 
Har^l^ Esq., and Wuliam Browne, Esq., or any three of tbem, 
to be by &em applied to rmieve the ebstructionBin Ute narration 
of the river Barrow, from the tide-water at St ^Midlins to Mo- 
na s l e rer a n, to be accounted for to parliament. 

To which resdution so amended, the 'qaesdon being pnt, the 
bonse did agree. ^ ., 

3 let January, 1760. — A petition of the eorereign, bm^esees,' 
freemen and itdiabitants of the corporation of Catlow, was. pre- 
sented to (he housed and read, praying to allow a clause t^ Ifafin- 
serted in heads of a bill intended to be brought in relative to tiie 
lampa of the dty of Dublin, to empower the petitioners to erect 
lamps in the liberties of the said town of Carlow, at.^such pMjper 
and convening ^stances as to the house shall seem nieet 

Ordered — lliat tiie said petition be referred to the comnuttee 
iqq>ointed to tiring in heads of a IhII rdative to the lamps of tbe 
city of DuUm. 

nth March, 1760. Ordered— That the committee of the 
whole house to whom heade of a bill for the more effectually en- 
lightening the city of Dublin, and liberties tiiereof, and for tlie 
Meeting of public lights in tlie other' cities, towns coi'porate, 
and tnuVet towns in this Jtingdoui, are committed, be empowered 
to recmre a dause, or c1auseR,'for enabling the representatives ot 
William Aldrich aod Hugh Cuming to recei' 
lamp-money as shall be due to them at tbe ' e: 
sent acts of parliament now in force for ligbtio 
•od also a danse, or clauses for charging tbe 
'Ae sum of one thoosaad five hundred pound: 
hands of 9ir Chaklss Bitrton, and James '. 
«p tiie lamps, and lunp-irons now in use, sn 
in the said clause, or dauMs to be mentioned. . . 

• 22nd. March, 1700. — Tbe order being read for the^Ijouse. to 
Kflolve itself into a - committee of the whole ' house to takei nto ' 
conuderation heads of a bill for further continuing, explaioiogi 
and amending tiie several acts of parliament now in S«c4m' eroct- 
ing lampd in the city of Dublin, and liberties thereof,: - ' ' 
, Ordered' — That tiie said order be discharged. ' '' i ■ '.t 

Parliament was proro^ed on the 17tb May, 1760. 

$9$ WTf^BT «arD AiiTi^nifiw 

fV9m f^ m IMfont of IkeiHMiiber 4>r PiwIislviti'Mokmre ketn 

()be profinoe of l^irin^tfr mi Cmdi^^ mt iM mmd^ibe com- 
■MMom pf «nrqrp iBito yMra 116G, and 1757/' it ftoem 
^ tkfiinnibqr in the pimMv of i)adm was^igl^ Undfvd'imd 

Jflln Qmai^wu mmmrnMi bbhop of I^ghfiiii moA Fmw iii 
17^2. H«ira>MicceffM67^«ie^0ii.WillMwCs^^^ 
^ |raRfl||#4 IP 1749 ; and h the iftme yMV Tlioitea 8f|liMl 
wwMMiiite440lb9^9<l«flK. ^ JOMmA RoUii0Oii:«m tnttibM to 

<)^W9f tbe iwfmd dKe4 09 «i9 2^ 

F> >W I I I T KH -i 4 

J^^ ^Gtorg< ///, A,D» I7fi0, «9 He sm 1800. 

Oil<yr|fe Ad thitd succeeded George II. 
l^Baroent met op the 22iyl day of Octobef^ 17$)^ 

Thpnuu Butler, Eaq. 
.5pfw|^4 i^ C<iM<?r&5'iJ.--"Robert Burton, Ibq. 

Sir Richard Wolseley, B«rt/ 
^rtmgtk pf QH Mg^^-^BigU Hon. Fra»ci« Aodrem, 

who made bia 0lecti<w to mtm^ Jor 
the city of Loodoa^ecry^ 
John Burket S^q* 

Sdward Nicholson, Esq*» b the room of 

the aidd Francia Andn»W0y 9woim li^Hi 

NoYemberji 1761. 

2Tth October, 176J.*-^The Right Hon. Francia Andrews being 

cboaen a citizen for the city of Londondecry, and ftlao n bnrgw 

tQ€ the borough pf Old Leighlip, in the QO^fity .of GfittMaHdqghi 

tnade his eleptjon to serve for the city of I^i^doQdeix'y, . 

Ordered-^Tbat Mr, Spta^er do isane^ fai% wamuit t9 tiie ^k 

ef the crown to make out a new writ for electing ^bui^gew taaetvi^ 

in this present parliament for the borough of Old I^eighlin, in tb(9 

f^ponty of Catberlogh, in the rc^om of the ^aid Francia Afidrfws. 

27di Octob^. 1761. Ordered-*-That the Reyerend Doctor 

• * JoomalM of the Houae of Comnpoaik 

t We hate been favoured by Edward Butler, Esq., Sovereign of Carlow, 
with a copy of notlees kept by nis Ikfher of the various elections in the county 
^«fel7Dl; from whicb we learn, thalon the abave oecaibioA BaMichamp 
Bagena], Esq. wi^ f candidate. 

or TBE COnUTT 4XF CAStOW. |87 

nioiiifis M^Dnymidi, be desired to preai^ before this bouse,' «i^. 
Andrew's ehiircby on tbe |pth day of NjOv< next, being the niHii^' 
versary thanksgiTing-day for tke bappy ddiyevance of long James 
ib0 fim^ md Restates of Engladd, from tbe most indtorone and 
bkiodl^ ialBBded oMBsaore by gtrnpoi^er^ and idsa ibr Ibe bfliipjf 
nrnkwelei bis majesty King Wiiliamj of gloriotlB metttory^ for^e 
-delfasTsnce of tbis cburcb- and nation, and tbat tbe Blgbt Bon. 
Framcis Andrbws and Doctor Clement do acquaint bim tbere- 

284) Oct 170*1 .--Orderad—Tbat Mr. Tbonias Butler, Mf. 
M e m s p , '&»,i or any^ fire or more of tbem, be app<nnted a eom- 
mittee, to meet next Friday morning, nine ofi^e dock, in Hid 
spealier^s diftn^ber, to inquire into tbe ap^ca^on of tbe n\xm of 
tvro tbousand pounds given last session of parliament, to be applied 
to Tvowre tbe ebfBtructiQQB in tbe river Barrour, from tbe tide-water 
all St, Malluw to Monasterevan, and to examine ^nto tbe state of 
ft»«aivigalion of tbe said river, and to report tbeir opinion lft)w 
mucb more money wilt be necessary to complete tiie same ; and 
(bflv Imve poorer to adjoum from tinpie to time, and place to place, 
Mid io send for persons and papers, cmd aH members #b6 come 
•re to bftve voices. 

81st Get. 1761. — ^Tbe bouse was moved, tbat tbe special repok*!: 
from tiie oQmmittee of privileges and elections, on a corapleont of 
on undue election, and doul^e return for tbe borougb of Catheriogb, 
in tbe year 1703, October 14tb, and tbe resolutions of tbe com- 
mittee tbereupen, be read ; t^e same wa^e read accordKnglyr 

jM Ifov. l761«-^Oydered, tbat tiie committee to wbidiit was 
iofci ' i <sd i& inqutre^ into ike application of tbe sum of Wo thousand 
pounds given last session of ptoflament, to be appli^ to retnove 
the obstr«u!1^oiis in tbe river Barrow, from tbe tide*w«ter at St. 
IMfos io Mctaasterevmi, be revived, and tbey are to meet next 
Friday mon^. 

Ttfi Nov, I76i. Ordered^ diat tbe several committees to'wbom' 
tenv^asreferrad to take into consideration tbe petition of Patrick 
Bwiagv toinqdireinto tbe nppHcaden of tbe sum of two tbousand 
pounds g^ven last session of parlitiment to be applied to remove tl^e 
eteirucilione in tbe river Banow, from tbe tide-water at St MulHns 
to Monasterevan ; and wbo are i^pointed to take into Consideration 
Ibe petitions of Firaads Oeier, silk mMiu&etur^, (Ac,), be em- 
po«i«red to examine, in tbe most solemn manner, sucb persons as • 
Ibey i^udi tMiric pir^er upon tbe sU^ect matter of tbe said several 
fctition» and inquiry. 

lOtb Nov. 17^1 . — Mr. Tbomfas Butler reported from the com- 
ffMee to wbom it was referred to inquire into the application of tbe 
sum of two tbou^md pounds given last session of parliament, to 
b^ i^lied to remove tbe obstructions in ibe river Barrow, from 
tbe tide^water at St. Mullins to Monasterevan, and to examine 
kite Hie state of tbe navigation of tbe said river, and to report 
tiMr ej^monhow mueb more money wtH be necessary to complete 
tbe same, tbe matter, as it a]^)eared to tbem, and the resolutions 



of tke ceminittee ihereupdn ; which report he read ito hb pfare» 
and ^fter delivered in at tibe table, where die same waa read^ and 
Hie roeolutioiis are as Mow : 

R^dved — That it ia the opinion of this conuBittee, tiiat tiie 
continuii^ to cany oa the navigation of title viYer Baimir, firaiti 
iSie tide-water at St. Mailing to Monaeterevsn, will, be graatiyad-' 
vantegeoos to the public, and deaeryes the farther aid of paiiia^ 

Resolved— That it is the opinion of this ccmunitteev that a mam 
of five'lhoasand two himdred and sixty-three ponoda wHibe ne- 
cessary to cany on the said navigation from St. MuBins to \Ab 
town ii Grraignemanna. 

To which res<duti(msy the question being seva'aUypuit t&e faawfS 
did agree* 

Ordered-^That the said several reports he referred to tk^joon^ 
mittee of the whole house appointed to take into coosideralion'^tha 
supply granted to his majestjr, as also his excellency. the. ksdlieit- 
tenant's speech. 

18th Nov* 1761. — The Right Hon. Anthony Mdone, according 
to order, reported from the committee of the whole houae to.whioh 
it was referred to take into consideration the supply granted to Ua 
majesty, 7 as also^his excellency the lord litoteaant's t^»eech» the 
resolutions which the comnuttee had directed him to report to the 
house, which he read in his phce, and afi»r delivered in /alithe 
table, where the same were read, and are as follow : 

22. Resolved — ^That it is the opinion of this committee, that a 
sum of two thousand ^pounds be given to - the most hoiioiinible 
James, marquis of Kildare, Charles, earl of Drogfaeda, Joba^ earl 
of Wandesforde, the Right Hon. Sir William Fownes, Bart, the 
Right Hon, Benjamin Burton, Sir Richard Butler, Bart.» Thomas 
Butler, Maunce Keatinge, John Rochford, Waiter Wdldon, Jttaies 
Agar« Ae younger, John Gore, Beauchamp Bageadl, Robert 
Doyne, Ralph Gore, John Digby^ Henry Bui^bury, ^Elias Biest, 
Jdin Sentleger, WDliam Stewart, Geoige Hartpde, and Wiiliaoi 
Browne, Elsquires, or any five of them, to beiby them a|ip^ad/l# 
]»movQ the obstructions in the navigation of the river Baivow from 
the tide- water at St. Mollins to Monasterevui, to be accoioitedi^ 
to parliament. ^ • - 

The said resolutions being severally read a second tin^, vf er^ 
upon the question severally put thereupon^ agreed to by the J|M)«»e. 

23rd Dec. 1761 .—Ordered, that Mr. Oliver, Mr. C^iQg0r, &c» 
or any three or more of them, be appointed a committee, to me^ 
to-morrow momiog, nine of ike dock, in* the speaker'iS chiunbery 
to inquire into the state and. condition of the tumpike'roed leading 
from the town of Qarlow to the city of Kilkenny, and into die 
management of the trusteee, and the Application of th6 tolls arising 
from the said road, and to consider of proper methods to put and 
preserve the said roadip repair; and they have power to aiyoura 
from time to time, and .place to place, and to send ffit persona and 
papers, and to examine in the most spleron maimer such j^ecaeoa 

Of t&fi COUNT f OF CARtOW. 989 

|ui they fiiifdl flunk proper upon ilie subject matter of tke eaid 
several inqniiiefl, and <hey have power to sit, notwiihstandiuff any 
adjournment of the faowe^ and s^ members who eome are tolia^ 
voices. ^ 

ISfJi April, 1762.— Ordered— That the eommittee to whom it 
was referred to inquire into the state and condition of the turnpike* 
toad leading from l^e town of barlow to the city of Kilkenny, and 
into the management of the trustees^ and the application of the 
^tolis arising from the said road, and to consider of proper methods 
to put and preserve the said road in repair, be revived. 

llOth Apnlj 1762.— Mr* Oliver reported from the committee ap- 
pointed to inquire into the jtate and condition of the turnpike-road 
leading from the^town of Carlow to. the city of Kilkenny^ and into 
&e management of the trustees, and the application of the tolls 
arising from the saidroad> and to, consider of proper methods to put 
and preserve the 'said road in repair, the resolutions whicli the 
committee had directed him to report to the house, which he read 
in his place^ and after delivered in at the table, where the same 
w^e read, and agreed to by the house, and are as ^Ilow : 

Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee, that all 
future boards of the trustees of the said road, shall be held alter- 
Yiately at Leighlin*bridge, in the county of Cariow, and in the city 

Resolved— That it appears to this committee, that on the 9th 
day of April, 1751, Joseph Blunt was appointed treasurer for one 
year, at a salary of six pounds as the funds of the road could not 
&en afford a larger salary ; and tbat the ssdd Joseph Blunt ha/» 
eversinee Hiatyear claimed crecUtin his accounts for fifteen pounds 
yearly, notwithstanding the frinds of the said road are decreased 
since mat period, and are now less than they were on the said 9th 
day of April, 1751, 

Resolved — ^That it is the opinion of this comn^ttee, that the 
salary of six pounds] a year^ is' sufficient for the treasurer of said 
road, from^e 9l!i day of April; 1751, to the 9th day of AprD, 

Resolved — ^That it is the opinion of this committee, that the 
saving out of the treasurer's salary from the 9fh day of April, 
1751, to the 9th day of April, 1762, should be immediately ap- 
pHed to the repafr of the road from Carlow to Leighlin-bridge. 

Resolved — That it is the opinioh of this conunittee, that it is 
Che duty of the trustees of said road to settle accounts with their 
treasurer pnce in every year. , 

Ordered;— That the said report do lie on the table. 

Parliament was prorogued on the 30th Apr3^ 1762, and 
met again on the lltb October, 1763. 


Ooun^ of CatAerhgk.'—Bighi Hon. Benjamin Burton. 
^ ^' Thomas Butler, Esq. 

290 iklgTOBT AND ANTIQI^ll'fES 

iforRicbafd Wdsoleyi Blurt 
Sw^gi of Old Leigfklm.'-'dokn Borlwy Esq* 

#^ Edward NicholsoOj Esq. 

m Vl&femh^jf IT^.—Onlered— Thftt tli^ Rig^ Hon. Mr. 
Bttrloii, Mr. iDoyne^ and ottiers, or any tfuree or more of Aem, 
be ajmohited il(k)mAi)ttee, to ni^t tb-taoictow momli^ nine of 
the crock, in the speaker's diamber,' to inquire into the expend- 
tore of fAie earn of two thousand pounds given the last session of 
parliament to remoro obstructions in the navigiiiion of the rirer 
Barrow^ from the lade-water at St. Muilins to Moniisterev^a ; and 
flkev have power to ad[joum from time to time, and place to plac^ 
tend to send for persons and papers, and to examine in the most 
Sohfknii manner, such persons as they shall think proper upon the 
subj^^miittet of th# said inquiry, and all members who come 
are to have vbides. 

151& Nov. 1763.— The Right fton. Benjamin Burtoa reported 
from the committee appointed to inquire into the state of the navi- 

Sition of the. liver Bwcfow,' the resolutions which the committee had 
t^ted him to report to the house> which he read in hi» plac^ 
afid after deliveredinat the table, where the same wer^ again reaa» 
and agreed to by the house, and are as Mow : .. , 

Resolved — That it appears to this committeeyr ^tthe money 
gittnted by parlii^nient for carrying on the navigation of the river 
Batrow, has be^ expended in carrying on thit said work* 

Resolved — ^That it appears to this committee, that the snpi 0f 
five hundred pounds over and above the money granted by paiiia- 
ment, has been expended in the said work. 
/ Resolved— That it appears to this conumttee, that a ven| const- 
(terable progi^d has been made in the said work^ eimi &(a laat 
session of parliament. 

tUsOlved — Thatit is the opinion of this committee^, i£at a sum 
6f five thousand four hundred pound's will be necessary to can^ on 
imd^ finish the navigation to th6 town of Graigenamanagh, iii.. die 
county of Kilkenny. 

Ordered — That the said report be seferred to the committee, of 
the housoappointed to take ii^o consideration the supply granted to 
hisn^esty, as also his excellency the lordiieuteoant's spee<3u 

22nd Nov. 176S.— The Right SoBj Anthoaj^ Mal^ne,. ac- 
cording to Order^ reported from tibe committee of the whole hdust» 
appointed to take into consideration the supply granted to hu| ma-^ 
jesty, as also his excellency the lord lieutenant's, ^peechi^ tj^^ ijeso- 
lution&which';&6 committee had directed him io xieppi:t,^Mthe 
hoiise, which he read in his glace, and a^er debM^ea i^.^t the 
table, when the same were retuf, ^ a^d are as follow : 

Resolved — That it is the opinion of this committee, Ihat a sum 
of four thousand pounds be given to the corporation for promoting 
and carrying on an inland navigation, in treknd^ to be by tbooi ap- 
plied toward making the river Baorow navigable from the tide- 

OF T&i; cdmiTT ct oauow. 


wiler alSt UoBiiiB, to te tqm of MpBastemrtti, . m Un emnty 
of Kildare, to be accounted for to parliament. 

The twentieth resolution being jmd a second time, was amended 
hj exjmAging the words, ** four thousand," and inserting in their 
stead the «roras, ''one thousand five^ hondted^V aad €b$ i«s#la* 
tton so amended is as MIowb : 

Resided— That it is the optnioft of tihte odMdiOi^e^ tbal « jom 
of one thowiad fivif hundred pounds be given to the coiporation 
for promoting and ekrtjmg on aninlatid aa^gafion nLlrelandf to 
be by them applied tot^ards malidng the river i^arrow navigable 
from the tide-wafer at St MnBms to llie town of BfotfoBtarchiito, 
in the county of KOd^ ; to beaecounted for to pariteMnt 

To Whieh resokitioi»/ te qaesdon being pci^ li» hoaae ^ 

2SAJB3maj, 1764.— Ordered^That MnMorveis, Mr.Bagv 
wcH and oth^, or any three or more of flieni^ W appoinlod a 
committee, to^ieet to-morrow moming, nine of the clocfa^ in&a 
speaker's chamber, to inquire into the state and managementol the 
fttmpike^road froiivthe city of Dublin to KilcuUeit-bridge, Carlow> 
and Kflkenny, and the foods and tolls betongiftg to tiiei aam^ and 
report die same, with '^ittieir opiniott thereupon, to the hone ; aipd 
they have power to a^oom fi«om time to time and place to f^ace^ 
and to send for persons and papers and to examine in the nMgt eoieam 
manner, such persons as they shall think proper upon tne subject 
matter of said inquiry, and all meUib^*s who comearo to have vaiees.. 

2drd February, 1T64.— Mr. Morres reported fvom t^e Gom*> 
niittee appointed to mquire into the stxite ttid managenient of tiie 
turnpike-roads from the city of DubM to KtlcuUeu-^bniil^, Car* 
low, and Kilkenny, and the funds aud tbfis beloDi|iig 'to tha 
same, the resolutions which the committee had directed Mm to. re- 
port to tiie house, which he read in his place, and after ddivtred 
in at the table. 

Ordered that leave be given to bring in heads of a bfll puxsuant 
fo Ae said resotntaons, and that Mr. Morres, Mr. Bourke, and 
Mr. Le Hunt, do prepare and bring ia thesamid. 

28ih February, 1764.— Mr. Morres presented to the hooee^ 
occording to order, heads of a bill ^ altering, amenimg, and 
making.more effectual the laws for the repair of the road leading 
from w city of Dublin through the towns of KilcuUea and Car* 
low, to the city of KOkenny, which were received, read, and corn* 

Resolved — That this house wSl, next Thursday momiag, re- 
solve itself into a committee of-^the whole house to take the said 
heads of a bill into considerataon. 

[March 2, 17^, Mr. }/LoTteB ordered to attend the 1^ liea- 
tenant with the heads of said bill. . May 7, bill r^ad ^rst time. — 
May 9, bill ordered to be engrossed. May 8, bill read second time* 
May 10, bill passed. — May II, agreed toby the lords.] 



Tftriianoii hanngteen prorogued, met again <m tte SXnd O^ 
tober, 1765. 


Ckmnty tf GiM^/^^Afe-^Rigbt Hon. Baijatnin Burton, Esq. 

Thomas Butiier, Esq. 

Borough of Caike/rhgA, — Sir Richard Wolseleyy Bart. 

Robert Doyo^ jun*, .E0q. 

Borough of OH Leighlin. — John BoQrke> Esq.; 

Eidward Nicholson^ Elsq; . 

29iid October, 1765. — Ordered — ^That Mr. . Spealoer do issoff 
his warrant to the clerk of the crown to make oat a new writ for 
decting a borgew to senre in tibis present parliament for ih^ bo- 
Tongfa of Catherlogh, in the county of CaUierloghj in the room of 
Robert Burton, Esq., deceased.* 

19(li Noyember, 1765. — ^Mr. O'Hara reported from Ihe com* 
inittee to whom it was referred, to inquire into the expenditure of 
tbe eereral sums granted by parliament during the last session, 
how much of the said respective sums remain unapplied, and in 
whose hands ; and also to inquire what progress has been made in 
those several works, and the expediency of contbuing the same, 
imd whether any bf them, and which, be so far advanced, as that 
& certain estimate may be made of such sums as will be necessary 
for their completion ; and to whom the several petitions presented 
to Uie house ^is session, for an application of any part of the pub- 
lic revenue, was referred ; the matter as it appeared to them, with 
the resolutions of the committee tibereupon, which he read in his 
place, and after delivered in at the table, when the same were 
read, and the resolntioi^ of the committee are as follow : 

Resolved — ^That it iq)pears to this committee, that the sum 
of one thousand two hundred pounds three-shillings and ten-pence, 
excepting forty-five pounds for pells and poundage, has been ex- 
pended on the navigation of the Barrow since the last session 
of parliament, and ^t the remainder of the grant of last session 
remains in the treasury for the disdiarge of debts contracted oa 
account of the said workfe. 

Resolved— That it appear^ to this committee, that the said work 
has been completed for diree mUes, and that a considerable part 
of the traffic of the countiy is at present carried on by large boats 
navigating the said river, and that it will be expedient and very 
advantageous to that part of the kingdom that the said work should 
be completed. 

Resolved— -That it appears to this committee, by an estimate 
laid before them, that the sum of thirteen thousand two hundred 
and forty pounds will complete the said navigation. 

To which resolutions the questions being severally put, the house 
did agree. 

26th February, 1766.— Ordered— That the committee of the 
whole house appointed to take into further consideration heads of 
a bfll for the more effectually amending the public roads, be em« 

ov 9HB cooriftnr of cakiaw, 38S 

poMredtoreo^e a ckase or dauses, to enable theres^rieB of die 
Mhr^tal'parishes in the towns of C^low, (&c.), to raise money 
Bpoii tfa^infaabitantB of silch parishes who live within the bounds 
of «aid towns for pavings gravelling^ or cleansing the streets 
airi lanes of said towns, or for fixing up lamps to enlij;hten said 
streets or laaes. 

After several prorogaiionSy parlkiment m^ on the 20th October 
1767 ;' being ilB fonrth session. 

" County 6f Catkerhgh^-^Thomoa Butter, Esq, 

John Hyde, Eeq. 

BorougA of Catkerhgh. — Sir Richard Wolseley, Bart. 

Robert Doyne, Jan., Esq. 

Borough of Old LeigUin,^ John Bourke, Esq. 

Edward Nicholson, Esq, 
' ^90th' October, 1767.-^ Ordered— That Mr. Speaker do i«Bue 
bis warrant to Hie clerk of the crovm to make out a ne^ writ for 
^ec^ngaknightof the shire to'' serve in this present partiament 
fyr fhe county of Catheriogh, in the room of the Rigfat Honoura- 
Me Benjamin Barton, deceased. 

6th November, 1767. — Ordered — That a committee beappoio* 
^ tb ifii^lre into the state <>f th^ navigation of the river Barrow^ 
tdii Whecher^the money granted last session of pMiament; towarda 
carr^ih^ on the s«d navigation, hath been applied to the purposes 
fef v^idi'ft wis granted, 

IMi ' Novcftijber, 1 767. — ^Mr. Agar reported fifom the commit- 
tee to whom it was referred to inquire into the stato of the navi- 
gation of the river Barrow, the matter as it lappeared to tbemi witii 
die lesoiutSq^^ of the committee thereupon, which report be vead 
id' bis plaee, and after delivered in at the tabloi where the sanhd 
was read. 

' Rai>oitT.^Yeur eominittse fins^ eacammed Mir. John Semple^* 
deputy director of the works, who said^ that towards making the 
said river navigaUe firom St. Mullins to Monasterevan,' the lock at 
St Mullins ha&been thoroughly repaired ; that thebankii or track- 
way bath been fortified, by placing large stoneift in the front next 
the river, for near two mil^, toid^end said banks firom the great 
floods,[as well as from the ^boatmea's poles fixMU tearing it down, 
wbich was iihe case before this was done. 

That ibere is a bieastlock completely finished on the lands of 
Carrigleade, to pass the great fall there. That there is four hun- 
dred and eighty yards in length of a canal at Carrigleade afore- 
said, whiqh is nearly finished. That there is likewise seven hun- 
dred yardsfbf the bed of the river, cleared firom the end of the 
aforesaid canal, to near the bounds of Knockeen and Tinehinch, 
by blasting rocks, and removing the same to a considerable dis- 

* On this occuion, Thomas Bunbury, Esq., of Kill, addressed t)i« oouQ^ 
ty, bat decBned a contest.— From notes bg ike late Mir, BtUkrt 


tmKBi TfaM Iheve is 4iio 86v«i inmdoed yaedi of a tacfeiri|rttftfo 
along the &ce of a rock^ and a waU of eig^ feetHuds, btiSt la 
Ihe me naatttka river, to defend k from tbe same. Iliat tbere Is 
apatt of a stona wdr, made across the rirer at tbe graat'aftream 
df Canig^eade, to rise a back water to a propel heiglit» That all 
tbe said work is nearly finished ; and had tbe weaAer contiattedy 
wwM have been oompietely finidied be^sre this. 
And yoor conmiittee have come to the ii^lowiag reasluttonss 
Re8olved-*-Thatit appears to this committee^ that since Hie last 
sesmon of pai&ment^ the lock at St. Mullins, has been tiioroagbly 
tepaired, that Ae baalcB and trackway fi>r near two miles^ have 
been made and effeotoally fortified ; that a breast-loGk' hath been 
compTeteiy fimshed on the lands of Carrigleade ; that there are 
lour hundred and eighty yank in length of a canal nearly finished ; 
likewise seven hundred yards in length of the bed 9I Ifae nver» 
cleared near Knocker, by Masting of rocks, and otherwise ; and 
alse^' attaekway of near seven hundred yards near eidd iock» and 
a stone weir, aeross the river> at 4ie great stream ^ C^urigleade. 
. ftsstAred-^Tbat it ^^pears ta 'tibis oommittee^ thai the sum 
granted last sesi^ien of parliamtfit, $nd the emn remaining then in 
hands, have been applied to the purposes for which uey wera 
flvinled. ' 

. Besokedr-Tkatit appears to this comauttee* that lo mdce mid 
eempiate a navigation^ from the eqd of the prepaii^aroik^ to tfaa 
xemoteetbooods pfihe lands of Knocknabdad^ h&aog nMr tiurea 
miles' in length, will require the sum of six ftousand one hundred 
aad etghty^foiar p^H^s, eighteen sh3Kng% and ten penoe^ aa ai^^ears 
by 9m etfliitMta of Ae swne laid before yenr eoamHtiljefb ^ hex^ 
anHr aimexed, ^Q'wkidk your eamm 

i Resrimd-^Tkat it ia the, ^i^wnion of this cezomittee^ that the 

said nairigatsQniJ^eqi^ree aad dessrves ^ fiirfter aid of paxttament. 

19th November, 1767. — The r^ort relative to the. naviga- 

tHte'oC'iha ti9er,^9$nt^; was :iead> aabho the r^sdkdiens of ^e 


i rTo' wUcb res<A>li<ms> the quastioja being aeveially put, tha 

hcmae ' did agrae^ ' ! t ' . 

r A naw. taribmei^ net m the. 17tb day oj Oclek^ 1769. 

^Oiunt^ of Cia/ieylosAJ^-^BesLuclmoig Bageiial, fiflS^.V 

WHUafei Burton, Esq:'' 
i Borough d/Catherlogk.^ J dh^Uyde, Efeq. \ 
. . . / . Edward ^oare, Bfe^.^'. ; 

James SomervlU, Eisq^ ^ii t&eroom 
of the said John £(vde^ who made 
his election io ilerv^ i^r the county' 
of Cork. 

I •! • If ■ I 

•Theglyye members were elected on the 18tU July, 1768. Tl^maa 
Butler, Erf<t-> addressed the county, but did not contest the clectloni—Jrow 


Mtk 0€toW> 1769.-^oiin Hyde» E^f^ bgiog diPMfc it 
1ai%|it of 0i0«UrQ for Ae cowity of Corky and »lio » burgeM fiNt 
tbe borougKof iCariowy nade hNs «il«ctloii lo aorv^ £»r the ^^uoty 
of Cork. 

Orda-tidr^Tbat Mr# Hpeeker do ianie Us w«nrani to tfaa ite'k 
p{ llw orovm^ to make out » nav writ for aloctiiig a burgaaa la 
farvala this pmaoot parlkunent for tke said boro«gb of Q93&mr h 
the roonaof the ^aid John HydA. . 

8th Nov/B|iAfri 1760. — ^Mr. %aaker acquainted tb^ bouae, tbat 
he btid reaetred a l^tter from BeMicbfwp Bageaal E^q^s wb^ is 
atpraaantindiiposed, that be being cbosemi ki^gbt of tbe Am 
for the county of Carlow, and also a burgess for Aa boroagb /of 
Baniacortby> ta tbe county of Wexfoid^ made bis election to 
aervefor tbe said ooimty of Cariow. 

Ordered — Tbat Mr. Speaker do issue bia vaMnt to tbe dark 
of the crown to make out a new writ bt tbe deoting 4 bui^^ess to 
serve m this present parliament' far tbe aaid borough of. S«i>niaeorf 
thy, in the xoom oi the said Beaiiehamp . Bageiial» . > 

lOlih No/vemhet, 1769. — Ordered-^Tbat a ooolmxltae be ap* 
pointed to inquire into tbe expenditure ol tbe sum of two: Aeusaod 
pounds, granted in tbe last session of tbe last parliament to the 
Gorp<»«tion for canying on tbe inland navigation of this kingdom, 
to be by thiem applied towards carrying on tbe navigation of tbe 
river Barrow, and what fiiftber ^um will be necessary towards 
finishing tbe sam^. 

And a cominitt^ was appointed of Mr, William Bmrton^ Mr* 
Attorney Gteneral; and others. * ' 

14th. November^ 176^. — Mr, William Burtqn reported .from 
die committee to wb6m it was appoinfed to Ipqmr^ Into the e^rpen? 
ditiire of the sum of two tbonsand pounds, granted hx tiie h^t ^* 
sion of tb^ last parliament, to tiie boiporation f6r carrying op .tbe 
inland navigations of this k&igdom^ ,to1)e, by them' appH^ tot^rni^ 
earrying on the navigatiotk of the rircnr Bft^oVr,; w'what forthei* 
sum wilLb^ necessary, towards fiiiljAring^ th^ji^e, tbe matters^ 
it appeared to them^ wlA the resolaticms of thrcdi^iittee tbere^ 
upon, wbkb he feadtnhis:pkce,.ahda{V6t^.'d^^^^ at ibe 

table, where th« ^e Vr^re r^ad, and iitd^M'^Vk^Hi^ ^Vfi 
for the peHiSal df the menffi^r^. ' ' •'. '."'^ ;; '"' '7^' ^ '^ 

RfipQEl^.^^lt^e cptaimitteeJ^rdtr^J^aniined Mr. 'Johii'Setnble, 
directol^ bf &e work, wlo iiifehned Cbem^ Mt te ^ ^t^fldy^ih. 
tfie yeftc 1761^ ta carry on the ^vi^tion' of tb'evrivc^ BluWvv^ 
tiiat (faei-^ m fdiii' mifes'coibiilet^d, and diat so btacl» of 'tbe ri^er 
is navigable. ,Th^ to fipisb fjrpm ;that part fcr tb^ bounds, of 
KnoclmebandiUjei^ ! ^ r^i^e^iith^^ Stun of finir" tbottsatid s^ven 
hundred and Ydrty-fwo pounds ' V&at the sum of two i&ousand 
pounds may be expended be</«re^ih»and tbe next session of par- '. 
liamentupQU^Ae'siddworki. '> \ 

Mr. GeoigeiKiig; pay^el^ki' being also examined, as to his 
acGOuntS| d^vered in Im account of receipts and payment^i (to 

fi09 ttlSTOEY AND ANTlQUItlfiS 

' wUdi me conjomttee reler), by which it appears Aat thei^emeias of 
the tw4> thousand poands granted in the last session^ and three 
hundred and sixty-five pounds^ seventeen shiUings^ and seven pence 
fial^penny, renminiog of a former grant, only a bdance of mxty-* 
dae pounds, twelve shillings, and tfaree penoe« 

And then the committee came to the following resolutieBS : 

Resolved'-^That it appears to this committee, that of Ite snm 
of two Ihoui^and poands granted the last session of pariiament, 
the sum of one thousand nine hundred and thirty-eight pounds, 
seven shillings, and nine pence, including fees, has been applied 
towards carrying on tiie navigatipn of the river Barrow. 

Resolved — That it appears to this committte, that fboT' miles of 
the said navigation have been completed, and that the river Is 
navigable for that length. 

Resdved-^That it is. the opinion of this comiiiittee, that a sum 
of two thousand pounds will be necessary to carry on the said work, 
until the next session of parliament. 

Resolved — ^That it is Ihe opinion of this committee, that it will 
be of great advantage to the inland trade of the counties through 
which the said river rune, to proceed on the said work. 

.Parliament having been prorogued on the 18th May, 1771, 
inetagamon the Stiii October, 1771. 


(jounty of <2aUifirlogJu — Beauchamp Bagenal, E^q. 

William Burton, Esq. 

horou'gh of Catherhghs — Edward Hoare, Esq. 

Jam^s Somervell, Esq. 

Borough of OlS Leigh&n. — Sir Fitz- Gerald Aylmer, Bart 
,; , . ;. . Tho8. Monck, Esq, . . 

|J2nd Nqvember, 1771.— Ordered— That leave be given to 
bring ii^. heads (>f a bUl for enabU]tlg a company oif subscribers^ at 
^if own_ ex|)€;nse, to carry on fiie navigation of. the river Barrow, 
and for other purposes ; ;and thatMrl William Burton^ Mr. Agarj, 
Mr. Thomas J^^tler^ andsthe Right Hon. Sir Archibald Acheson^ 
jb prepare^ ^nd bring iu the same. 

* ',23rd Miarcli, ITf^.-^^ir Thomas Butler, presented' to the 
bopse^ according to order, headsof a. bill fcH* incorporating a com- 
pany of si^I^si^ibei^ fpr promoting and carrying on the navigation 
of me river Barrow, 'which were received, read, and. committed. 

Resqlved Ibat this bptise; will, to-morrow morning, resolve it- 
self in,to ^ comn^ittee of the whole bpuse to take the said heads, of 
a bill inti) .coi^si^eratlqn.. . ' , . . ,^ | . ' , . [ 

. , [SHid bill ,|kia,k;en into ponsideration on 27th Marclij 1772 1' and 

^ the 28th Ma^qb.]..;'.' . ..;.■;,.' ;. ,: .' 'Zly,.\, 

, Parliament j^was prorog^e4 o,n the Snd June^ /'^ 

Parliament assembled on the 12th October. 1773. "' 

County of Catkerlogh, — Beauchamp, Bagi^«i|y,£^«r v - < . * 
; ■ . . Williapi Burton, Esq, .o; I 

S\ " ...,,. • . ■. ' 


•; ' ., 'f '. - • . . •.•:•: j: • :'»• , , 

I \ 


Bormagh of Caiherlogh, — Edward Hoare, Esq. 

James Somervdl) Ei8q; 

Borough of Old Leighlin, — Sir fltEgerald Aylmer, Baionet 

Right Hon. John Blaquiere.* 

12th Oct 1773. — ^Mr. Speaker acquainted the houBe ^t hp 
had issued a warrant to the clerk of -the crown to make oat a new 
writ for the election of a member to serve in parliament for the 
borough of Old Leighlin, in the county of Catheriogfa, in the 
room of Thomas Monck, Esq., deceased. 

5th Feb. 1774. — Ordered — That leave be given to bring ia 
heads of a bill for altering, amending and making mor6 effectual 
the laws for the repair of the road leading from the city of Dublin 
through the towns of Kilcullen and Carlow to the city of KSkemiyy 
and that Mr. Agar, Mr. Nevill, and Mr. Foster, do prepare and 
bring in the same. 

[Heads of said bill presented to the house, on 22nd Feb. 1774. 
Taken into consideration and ordered to be laid before the lord 
lieutenant, 8th March.] 

Parliament having been prorogued, again met on the 10(h Oct. 
1775, when the members for our district remained the same. 

6th Dec. 1775. — Ordered — That leave be given to bring in 
heads of a bill for incorporating a company of subscribers for pro- 
moting and carrying on the navigation of the river Barrow, and 
to enable them to regulate the trade thereof, andthat'Mr. Burton, 
Mr. Agar, Mr. Pomeroy^ and Mr< Morres, do prepare and bring in 
the same. 

6th Dec. 1775.— Ordered — That leave be given to bring in 
heads of a bill for altering and amending an act made in the twenty- 
fifth year of the reign of his late ipajesty King George the second^ 
entitled, ** an act for making and repairing a road leading from the 
town of Athy, in the county of Kildare, through pitft of the 
Queen's County, and through the town of Castlecomer, in the 
county of Kilkenny, to the town of Old Leighlin, in the county 
of Carlow, and from thence to and though the town of Ldghlin- 
bridge, in the county of Carlow, '^ and that Mr. Talbot^ Mr. 
Damer, and Mr. Serjeant Coping^*, do prepare and bring in the 

[Heads of said bill presented, 8th Dec. Ordered to be laid be- 
fore the lord lieutenant, 1 Itfa Dec.l 

[BiH read first time 19th Feb. 1776. Agreed to by the lords 
'5th March, 1776. Received royal assent, 7th March, 1776. 

18th Dec. 1775. Mr. Burton presented to the house, according 
to order, heads of a bill for incorporating a company of subscribers 
for promoting, carrying on, and completing the navigation of the 
river Barrow, and regulating the trade thereof, which were re-^ 
ceived, read, and committed. , 

* Is this the person of whom the MetropoUian Magwrine flpeaks hi the 
ioSUmfSkg terins, in abarticle on the peerage ?:«-*' down to DeBlaquiere, the 
rttined adyenturer, who was made a peer (Lord De Blaqui^ie) at the Union 
in order to save his person from arreut for debt, when the Ixish paniament 
eeased to be a protection,— iV'b./or March, 1833, p. 265, 


906 msTOtT AiTD Avaqjcnrnm 

IleBolyed«-T%at (Im house iriR, tlia first Wednesday after tbe 
recees, reeohe itself intom cemnittee of the whole honse^ to take 
te &M heeds of a bUl into comidenitioii. 

Patfiaaient hairing* been dissolved, a new one assembled on the 
l«th June, iTm ^ 


C^nfy 4^ Caiherlogh. — WiUiam Burton, ^sq. 

William Banbury, Esq. 
l^augjk qf Caib0rlQgh. — Right Hon. Jolm Ponsonby, who 
made his election to serve for the county of KOkenny, 

John Prendergaet, Esq. 
6or0ugi o^ Old IMgAlin, -'Bight Hon, Sir John Blaquiere, 

K. B, 
Hugh Massey, Esq. 
20a Jane, 1776.— Ordered that Mr. Speaker do issue his 
WafrMOk to the clerk of the crown, to make out a new writ for 
electing a burgess to serve in this present paiiiamont for the 
beroii|^ of Catlierlogh> in the room of tibei Right Hon. John 

Paiiianient was prorogued, on the 20th June, 1776, and again 
naet o« Oe 14lli October, 1777. 

County of Catherlogfu'-^VtiWvam Burton, E!sq. 

W'flliam Bunbury, Esq. 
Beauchamp Bagenal, Esq., in the 
room of the said William Bunbury, Esq., deceased. 
Borough of Caiherlogh. — John Prendei^ast, Esq. 

Arthur Dawson, Elxf. 
Borough qf Old LfiighUn. — Right Hon. Sir Jphn BlMfuiere, 

K. B. 
Robert Jephson, Esq. 

15di October, 1777.— A petition of Wiiliam Paul Warren, of 
Kflkenner, in &e eoanty of Cark>w, Esq., was presented to the 
house, smd read^ setting forth, that on the 18th day of May, 1776, 
the election for members to serve in parliament for the said county 
of Caiiow began, aad WflKtun Burtmi and VC'ilUam jBonbury, 
Esqni., in conjunction, and petitioiier, declared theansehres can- 
didaies: that said election was proceeded on by James Oarrett, 
Esq., the sheriff of said county, from thraee to die 23d of May, 
aftvenid, when Ae smd sheriii^ upon casting up the poll, declared 
a majority in &voiir of WilBam Burton, Esq,, one hundred and 
seventy one, and ia favor of William Bunbury, Esq., ninety two, 
end declared tibem duly elected : that the gross poU appears to be ia 
number five hundred and ninety-four, of which twelve were rejected* 
of the remainder, petitioner had .two hundred and forty- six voices, 
vAeireof one hundred and forty-six were single £or petitioner : that 
as weM befere a8>daring the course of the said election, 8Bv«n4 
threats abd menaces wa^ made use of by tbe agents of, and by 


«IM».«iktefivt^tbftB«* William fiori^ Btti. 

Iraty, tDintiiiiidatft«ich*f thefreehaldi«9of Ae 8dd cooatjrwbo 
iDtadtd, aid had dieclamd their intititioiid of rai^tagiot j^alitimior, 
fiotndoiiigaa; lif wbidi^andodiarnidueiiiiiooiistitiilioin^^^ 
pidiper inealKBy great ndinbera of such fredidders wJM iotiaddaiM 
fimaTatiogfHrpetitkmeryaiid wereindnoadtoiote te 
Barton and Wm. Bunbqry ; tfiataevenJ per s ona who wq»|ia |l it W|aM< 
others who were Qlarriad to polish wiva8» and aaviend'otti^* ber^ 
sons wiiD hil no Iteehold in stfid county, weiler reMrodanf per- 
mitted to vote for the aaid WiHiam Barton aad William BMniry, 
on aaid dedioli: «iat petititfaiNr finding that Itie agent o$ knd 
ottiekBon dm partof the sa&d William Bnrtott and WUiAm BmiL 
htrj, p er watel in ondidy hifloencing in manitef flimaaid> 4l% 
toMb who otherwise WdvM hare voted for petidoaf^ >fioni,d0H^ 
so, and that each voters were by such means unduly infldcni wil ^ 
totolbr tte sHid William Burton ^id.Wilii^ Bimbbry f^p^tiUdoer 
hda^the'cfosedf tke poll objected tothe whole of flm^fi-ediriildb 
who voted for the said William Burton and WHlianv Btnbtty, 
and requested dmt the shcaiff shoold take dow» scMh aljeotSvMi 
m his poH-book, bat said sheriff refused so to do ^ diat 'ell* 4r 
meet of the persons who voted for the said Wiffiam BMrtoa aid 
William Bunbury^were jndnced so to do by the to n d a e -meana 
aforesaid, and ako by means o£ ihe said William Burton and 
Wmiam Bunbiiry's entertmmng ^uch voters public^ at ,9eiv^ral 
houses in the town of Oaiiotr, which were opened b/ the said 
William Barton and WSliam Bnnbury for tbe^ entertainmeo^of 
sach voters^ Ae expense of nvidch was defivyied by the said Wil- 
liam Burton and'WiMuun Banbury, contrary to ^tiielate ae^ of 
parliament: that not for the above undue mciaii8,-^^fitronec 
would have had a great maiority of voices in his flavour oyerfthe 
aauf '^^iam Burton and Williani Bunbury^^at^.th^erore prayiiig 
the house to Order tie name of petitioner to be itseirte^' in the 
md sheriffs return, in thcplace.of tl^e aaid .William', Burtoa or 
WSSam Bnnbury, or to give petitioner other reixef." ' 

Ordered — ^That the sna petition be tak^ iutb c'onsideratiop the 
2nd day of Dec. neact, at two of the clock. / 

Ordered — ^l%at Mr. Speaker do issue his warrant or warrants 
fbr such persons, papers and records as ^all be thought necessary 
bythe several'pardes, on the hearing of the matter of the said petition^ 

l(Mb October 1777. — The house being satisfied upon the (exami- 
nationrof a Witoess at the bar, that there were but two eandidates, 
and no contest at the election for the borough of ^ Old Leighliui in 
fbe county of Catheriogh. 

Ordered — That Mr. Speaker do' issue hia warrant to the clerk 
of the crown, to make out a new writ for electing a burgessf to 
aerve in this present parliament for the borough of Old Leighlin, 
in the room of Hugh Massey, Esq., now lord baron Massey^ 
caRed up to the house of peers. *> 

25tH November, 1777. — Wm. Burton, Esq., being chosen a 
knight of the shire iSr the coootj^ of Carlov^, and also a burgess 

2p ^ 

^00 HISTOBt AND AKfl^l^ITltt 

for (ii0 borougii o£ Bdlytaakfll, in die Queea's oonntjr, maddlife 
aloctioa to senre fiir the said county of Cariovir. 
. A motion was made that theorder of the 15th of October last, 
i^poiating the 2nd d^ of December next for takmginto eonsidflr- 
■ftion the petition cf Wm, Paul Warren, Esq., complaining of an 
imdna deotioii and return for the county of Caprlow, might be 
.nad, and the same being read accordingly. 

Ordered — ^That the raid order be discharged. 

Ordered — ^That leave be given to withdraw the said petition, 
.' And tho same was withdrawn accordingly. 

4th May^ 1778.-^Ordered— That Mr. Speaker do issue his 
warrant to the clerk of tiie crown to make out a newwritfbr elect- 
higm kniriitof the shire to serve in this present pariiament for the 
eovnty ci Catherlogh, in the room of William Bunboiy, Esq., 

In 1776, Arthur Young, the celebrated agrieultuiist, vimted 
Ireland. In his progress t^ugh the kingdom, he did not leave 
.die ooonty of Carlow nnvlsited. He alludes to the fiirming opera- 
tiOTs of Mr. Browne of Browne's-hiU, Mr. Handlton, Mr. Jas. 
Butler of BaHybar, Mr. Bernard, and Captain Mereer, and 
•jeaks rather (avoorably of the state of our county.* * 

Parliament met on the 12th October, 1779. 


' Counfy qf CaiAerlogA. — WilUam Burton, &sq. 

Beauchamp Bagenal, Esq. 
' . Borough of CaiAeriogh.—Jchn Prendeigast, E^sq., 

Arthur Dawson, Ekiq. 

Borough of Old LeigAlm.—RU Hon. Sir John Blaquiere, K.B» 

RobeK Jephfion, Esq. 

Parlument wa3 prorogued on the 2nd September^ 1780, and 
met again on the 9m October, 1781, having the same members 
for our district 

14th February, 1782. — Resolved— That according to the true 
construction of an act, passed this session, entitled, ''an act to ex- 
plain and amend an act, entitled, an act for regulating the trials 
of controverted elections, or return of members to serve in par- 
liament," when an excuse (rfTered by or for a member for his ab- 
sence has been disallowed, such member shall be ordered into flie 
custody of the serjeant at arms, without putting any question 
thereupon, unless the house shall inflict some other censure upon 
such member. 

The name of Beauchamp Bagenal, Esq., being called, and no 
excuse havingbeen made for his absence. 

Ordered-— That Beauchamp Bagenal, Esq., be taken into the 
enstody of die serjeant at arms attending this house. 

13th June, 1782.— -Ordered — That a committee be appointed 
to inquire into the state of the navigation of the river Barrow, 
what contracts have been entered into for executing any part of 

5 Tour in Ireland, ¥ol i,p.87. 

or TH& COUNTY OF CAftLOW. 80l 

Qie same, and Vbat eums have been expended and are due ^n tfie * 
eaid works* ' 

And a committee was appointed accordingly. 

Ordered'-*-That the committee have power to sit^ notwithstand- 
ing any adjournment of the house. 

ParBament was prorogued on the 27th July, 1782, and dissol* 
vedonthe25thJaty, 1783. . ^ ^ 

The depression of trade and manufactures, the de&lcatioa «f 
the revenue, and consequent weakness of the government, had 
rendered it unable to afford due protection to the people of Irdead 
. dmring the American war. In consequence of this unhappy state 
of things, the volunteers first appeared, about the year 1778, and 
continued graduidly increasing in strength ^ 1782, when they 
comprised tt large body of the gentry and yeomanry of the country j^< 
Beaudiamp. Bs^enaly Es(f.» of Dunleckny, was the leader of 
tiiis independent, self-constituted array, in Uie county of Carl6w $ 
and some noblemen were enrolled in its ranks. It was oertainly a 
hi^py .circumstance, that, as <he raising of mtk a inilitar]^ f<Mroe was 
et aU effected, the higher orders should have become its conductors, 
as thus thaevils of anarchy, or perhaps spoliation, were avoided* 
It was, however, in the abstract, a dangerous kind of proceeding; 
though, on this. occasion, its immediate termination was not uo* 

Pmect legislative independehce having been obtained "by tiie 
Irish parliament; mainly ttemgh the exertions of Henry Orattan, 
the hoUse of commons was disposed to grant him fte reward due 
to hisjabotirs. On the 27th May, 17^, Beaochamp Bagenal^ 
Esq*, one ol the representatives for the county of Cariow, spoke 
in t^e house, in' the following, terms : 

*^ I will beg leaveto congratulate tlds country. We have at lasl 
got the freedom whidi dl the woidd should hmre— it is ear liMir 
right; but in our meridian there is no life Without it. Oiirexis^ 
tenoe now begins, and wiD d^end upon what use we waske of th^ 
popidiUion and wealth that will result firom theadvi^tages of a free 

• ** I will b^ leave to congratulate En^and^-^Instead of a nomiaal 
or a repugnant dependant, she has now a powerful, Mlhinl aAy, 
one that she can never exist without. 

' '* I will beg leave to congratulate his majesty — ^he has Conciliated' 
Aree millions of such, subjects as must make him happy — ^men as' 
willing to be loyal as they are determined to be free. 

*\l will congratulate his ministers also. They may now depend 
upon such support as they ought always to look for.— And to whom 
does the empire owe all this ? To a man principally, who is re« 
solved to take no reward from government. — 1 will not pretend to 
aay he was wrong, though 1 raiow tiiat such merit ought always 
to be distinguished in every manner that is possible. Shall every 
body have what they ought to have, except him alone,> to whom 
every individual in Uiis empire is so much indebted, and by whose 
example every individual in . the universe may be so much benefited 

* Hardy's life of Cbarlemonti vol. i. p. 378. 

9/n HtSTOltT ANO AKtt<l0IflB9 

' ,J3e hBB 8a;red ttis empire from hn koa age and baa refttorecl «i 
unequivocal «>lden one. By our affectionate alliance wi&'Bn^ 
land, we BhaU not only be benefited ourselTef, but aball neita be* 
Ipved aiater revive, without any pmnM repiamgy or app0dhuBiBk)na 
for ber prosperity. 

^* In tbese happy circumstances in which he has placed na (&dagb 
I honour every private compliment I may call those ^il seepttd 
It0 our illustrious boiefiictor) I believe there is no. man liiat would 
not bbisb to think a Qrattan's child might point at ,a statue or 
nM>aument that has often been dedicated to shuider or pfoUematical 
mmt, and say, that was my &ther'8^ your bene&ctor's onlyra* 
lirard, I have therefore a motion to make you» which might iqppear 
like presumption in me, as it is of so much importance to the glory 
and interests of this Idngdom, if 1 could sappose that any iiiemb«r 
' 9f the British empire would give itau^^ative; the purport of it ie, 
|ihat we should take into consideration what sum we should gn»A 
fi)f the puipose of purchasing a seat, and building a suitable mail* 
skm for our great be&elactor;^ in testimony of our gratitude for the 
unequalled services that he has done for ^oam kingdons. Were ire 
to oimt this, or should we do it m a mpnner unsuitable to the ntuK^ 
tion he. has raised iia to, we should be very ungr^tefal jadeed, and 
zieve? mig^t we expect that a blessing coiud attend it 

^ It must be needless to say any tmng in &vour of such a mea* 
ame^ ?or I would not date to be themov^ of it. I will only add, 
^at af he has left nottdng undone tiiat is material to tiie praaperity 
of this kingdom* it can no more lay a precedent for hurtful gtaaie 
of the same nature herct, than Blenheim did in Great Bntna. 

** Far be it from me to compare even the senrices of Mfflibocoagk 
to those for whidi we stand indebted ; we have no d^dndians^ to 
make from our gratitude^ Wiftott protracting, or any public ex* 
peases his emks have been timed and eond^octed with so much 
vosdoBij and the appearance of such a being on eartii was so esseu- 
tial to the e«kablishmeiit of liberty at tfaia most critical junctuMv 
^t without superstition, men may well record him amongst the 
most propitious interpositions of heaven. 

** He has crowned his work — and under his auspices the tbrone 
of freedom is fixed on so certain a basis, and will probably be 
always so well supported by the due influence the public are likely 
tn ai^uire under his system, that with the blessing of God th^ e 
is po danger of parliament itsdf ever being able to shake it; nor 
shall parliament I trust, ever again be profimely styled omnipotent 
I am consdiouB I must have anticipated men infinitely better <piali- 
fied to bring such a measure forward; one excuse I have, fix* it is 
not the impatient wish that every body must have to see such a' 
diaracter exalted— nor any little vanity to distinguish myself-— but 
as I B^ver had any private acquaintance, nor private convtersatioB 
wUh our great benefiEictor, I thought it nnght come aa wdl from 
ope fi?om ui^om he coidd not have any item, as fit>m the most dis- 
tiBgui«hed par^oni^e that he is intimate with. 

^ Virtue^ to be sore, is its own reward^ and wo know, that 



mir gmerooM besefiusftor mrnVkawtt spbero of happinen, content. 
But fhall w6 be content .vilbottt ddi^ oar duty ?-«8hafl we. be 
ttngratefbl? — God forUd. 

. >^. OMitede'ieene to be a vkine peculiarly adapted to nationa 
ftat b^we feoeived each benefits aa ouni. It i« often n^lected by 
indiTidoalf, becanfle it is often out of their power to be as grateful 
as they wish ;*^we| I trusty shall never have sudb another oppor- 
Innity K>f exercimag ours. Ooi foibid we slioidd let it slip. 

** TtymaaoWf &» the grant to his nmjesty is setlledyand after 
a proper thanksgiving is offered to beaven, for the bappy recovery 
of our rights^ I will move — * That tibis house do resolve itself into 
aeoadtantteey to take into consideration what sum we should grant 
Ar die purchasing an estate, and building a suitable mansion for 
our iUustrious benefiutor, Henry Grattan, Esq., and his heirs for 
•ver, in testimony of our gratitude for the unequalled service that 
be has done for the knagdom of Ireland."'* A liberal grant was 
wide to Mr. Giattan. 

Charles Jackson was translated to the bishopric of Leigblin and 
Ftens in 1761. He was succeeded by Edward Young, in 1765. 
Tbe-Hon. J. D. Bonrke was consecrated bishop of these sees, in 
1772; Walter Cope waa transited to them in 1782, William 
Preston in 1787, and Euseby Cleaver in 1789. Further mforma' 
tien rehiktt; to the diocese of LeigUitt will be found in the appendix. 

A ne# parliament met CD theI4th Oetobei*» 1783. 

Onmiy of Cdiherlogk.f^yTWamBmtonf Esq. 

Sir Richard Butler^ Bart. 

Borough of Caiherlogk. — Sr John Browne, Bart 

Chaiies Desvoeux Esq. 

Borough of Old LrigUm. — Hon. Henry Lawes Lnttrdl. 

Hon. Arthur Acheson. 

IIA Nov. 178S. — The order of die day for calli^ over the 
names of such members as made de&ult to aj^pear on Friday « the 
7di instant, being read. 

The name of Henry Bruen, Esq.^ (member for tibe borough of 
James-town,) beings called* mid no excuse having been nuule for 
bis absence. 

Ordered — ^That Henry Bruen, Esq., be taken into the custody 
of the seijeant at arms attending this house. 

The name of the Hon. Henry Lawes LuttreO bring called^ 
and no excuse bring made for Ins absence. 

Ordered — That &e Hon. Henry Lawes LuttreQ be taken into 
the custody of the Serjeant at anns attending this house4 

• The Hibemiaa MsginQet for 1783. p. 661. 

t John Rockfoft, Esq., eontested this election. At its oonclunon, the 
votes stood thiu : for Mr. Burtm, five hundred and eight : for Sir Richard 
Butler, three hundred and fifty^me : ,for Mr. Rodifort, three huadred^wid 
thirty-seven. Gross poU,^ hundred and seventy-one; of which one hun- 
dred and seven were single votes, or plompers, for Mr. RoGfafort.--Ji6'i But* 
kr*9 Noies, ^ 

t JP^ouxtsen members wer^ tateninto cojitody gn this cocasioni 


The name of 4lie Hon. Arthur AcbeBon being called^ 

H appealed to &e house that the Hon. Arthur Acheaon k nomr 
aerving on a select committee. 

13th Nov. 1783; — The names of the members who had been or- 
deried to be.triGea. into the custody of the >seijeant at aims, wers 
upon motion called over. 
■ ,The name of. the Hon. Henry Lawes Lnttreil being called, 

Ordered-^That the Hon. Henry Lawes lAtireU, now in cus- 
tody of the seijeantat arms attending this house, be dischai^ged, 
payii^ his fee& 

The name of Henry Bmei^ Esq., being called. 

Ordered — ^That Henry Bruen, Esq., now in custody of the 
Serjeant atarins attending this house, be dischaiged, paying his 

23d February, 1784,— The names of Sir John Browhe, Bart 
{&c) being severally called, and. no excuse being made f(Hr tiieir 
absence, they were severally ordered into the custodyof the' ser* 
jeai^ at arms attending this house. 

28th February, 1784. — The names of Sir Jc^n Browns^ Bart., 
WiUiam Buifton, £sq.» (^*) being severally called, they were 
severally excused in pursuance of the resolution of Thursday the 
^tii day. of November last 

. 1st March, 1784.**A petition of the gentlemeii, deigy, and 
freeholders of the county of Carlow, was presented to the hOttse» 
and read, setting ftxrtfa, that the petidonen^ sensible of 'the excel- 
lence of our original constitution, wish to have it restored to its 
genuine principles. That the petitioners, with ooneerQ • observe 
that the people are not at preseht adequately represented ; 
that the majority of the present, house of commonSvare Tetoraed 
by ^a few interested individuals, and therefore cannot be said to 
speak the voice of the people ; and that the trust which electors 
repose in their representatives- is of the utmost importance, and 
ought frequently to revert to its original owners. That a reform 
of the parliai^entary representation would add lustre and dignity 
to the crown,' secure the happiness and prosperity of the people, 
and invigorate the trade and manufactures of this kingdom : fmd 
therefore praying the house will take these things into serious oob« 
sideration, and pass such laws as shall appear adequate to remedy 
the grievs^ces comj^ained of. 

Ordered— That the said petition do lie on the table for the pern- * 
sal of the members. 

Parliament was prorogued on the 14th May, 1734, and inet 
^gain on the 20(h January, 1785. 


County of Catherhgh. — Wm. Burton, Esq. 

Sir Richard Butler, Bart. 
Borough of Catkerlogh. — Sir John Browne, • Bart. 

Charles Desvoeux^ Esq. 

^ or TflE COUOTy OF 'CAELOW. 305 

•iofougk if OU Lei ffklin.— Right UoxLWeaty Lawes Lut- 

tfell^' commonly cdled htd Lut* 
■ •'• ••..<': ^ ..• • trelL 

Hon. Arfliur AcHeson. ' 

9Ki^MMb, ITfiJI.^A petition of the Right Reverahd Patlier 
iH'Gdd; Writer, lord bishop of the united bishoprics of Leighlitf 
and Ferns, was presented to the house, and read, setting forth thai 
Ab demesne or mensal lands of the said united bishoprics lie ti 
gritet dktiinc^ asnnder, and are inconTemently sittiated, atd there 
k no nanadn-honse yet'builtfor the residence of the bishop o( 
tto said miited bishoprics ; that part of the lands of Lower Ferns, 
and oflier lands sitaated near the cathedral church of the diocese of 
Ferns, containing two hundred and sixty-seven acres, part of the 
aettte <tf'th6 sud Hshopric, are convenient for a demesne for the 
bishops of the said united sees ; that the said Idnds were demideef 
Jbrarlefffti of years to James Symes, Eisq./ deceased^ who at his 
dea& demised his interest in the said lands to Mitchelburne Symies, 
Bml; ani Robert White, gent, in trust, for the use and support 
ti St. Patrlckfs hospital for lunatics stnd idiots, that the said Ro- 
bert WMte is dead, and the ^aid Mitchelburne Sym6^, with the' 
consent of the said governors, has agreed to surrender the said^ 
lease, in i^oHBideration of one thousand five hundred pounds^ 
to be paid by petitioner for the use of ;the said hospital ; that the 
Right RjBT. Bar&olomew Vigors, heretofore bishop of the said 
aae, betpieathed the sum of three hundred pounds to his immediate 
SQCcessor, for the purpose of buy^g a lease, or buDding a house 
tor the more convenient habitation of ihe bidiOps of the said see ; 
Hiat the Right Rev. Edward Young, heretofore bishop of the said 
see, bequeathed to his successors in the said see the sum of seven 
hmidred pounds to be laid out in building a house for the residence 
of the bishops of the said see ; that the 'said two sums have not 
yet been laid oil^ pursuant to the said bequests, and are now in 
tibe hands of yotu* petitioner ; that the petitioner apprehends the 
intentions of saddtestators will be more effectually carried into ex- 
ecatioiiby applying the' said two sums in aid of the purposes 
aforesaid, than byapi^yingthem strietlyaccc^ding to the (Urections 
of the said bequests ; and that petitioner is advised the, aid of par- 
liament is necessary to enable him to carry' the several matters 
aforesaid into execution : and praying the house to make such 
order therein as they shall think nt. ^. 

Ordered— That said petition be referred to the consideration 
of a conunittee. 

And a conunittee was appointed accordingly. 

4th April, 1785. — The Honourable General Luttrell reported 
fiom the committee appointed to take into consideration the peti- 
tion of the Right Reverend Father in God, Walter, lord bishop 
of the united bishoprics of Leighlin and Ferns, the resolutions 
-which the committee Imd directed him to report to the house, which 
he read in his place, and after delivered in at the table, where the 
same were read, and are as follow: 

906 KlSTOftT AND AKTiaUlVI^ 

bas fij^ proved the aO^tions of his petition. 

Beeolved — ^That it is the opiBion of thfc oammitfeee^ tliat the 
petitioner deservee the aid of parliament* 

Ordered — ^That leave be j^ven to bring in a iiSL pm i mni - AvAe 
pn^er ot the said petition, and that the limicnrM^Qftmnlin/^ 
treu and the BUght Honourable Mr. Ogle do prepare and mig in 
Ae same* 

28th May» 1785*— Sir Hugh Hill, according to ocder^Mpertod 
from the committee of the, whole house, appointed to take into 
further consideration the most e&ctual method of oontinuisi^ a«d 
completing the mkmd navi^tion of this kiagdoin, tiie iwahitinw 
which the committee haddirected him to report to the bewie^.whkfc 
he read in bis place, and after delivered in at the table, iwheve-Ae 
same were read* and are as follow : 

10, The resolution amended, was agreed to by the bMs^ 

Resolved — ^That the said engineer or engimeeniy.dpn^e, 
vey 6 and estimates for making the river Barrow nasigaUfii.^xiie 
Monasterevan to the tide-water ; (&c,\ such surveys «»! estimaftei 
to be laid before this house the first day of the nextsession^i 

7th September, 1785. — The house was this ^y j^v^^poffi^ ,. 

From '^ an account of the sums granted by th»Qav^|fati«» fanaai 
from the 29th Septembcu:, 1771, to theSdth Septepibw.U^^^T 
we learn that the following grants were made fcnr iha riverrBatfrgiw^ 

' j£» Sm di ' ' ^\*,' " . • 

A.D. 1772, 

5,000 .*". 








1,000 a . '. f. . 





2,000 a .0 

21,060 0,..Q* , 


Paiiianwnt met on the IMi January, 1788; filing tire thiid 
session of the fourth parliament of Geo. HI* 

»'> I 


Couniy^of Caiherhgh. — William Burton, Esq. 

^ Richard Butier, Baronet* 
Borough of Catherlogh. — Sir John Brown, Baronet... 

Charles Desyoeux, Esq. 
AfrOugA of Old LeigMin,— Hon, . Hienry LaM'ies Lttttrell^ 
^. commonly caDed lord Lutti'efl, 

^ ^ Hon. Arthur Achesoo. 

%li March, 1786.--Ordered-^That the eommittee riH^t 
* Journals of the Houie of Omimonst VoL IX« 

or fHB COUKTt OF CARLOW.' 9tiSf 

wkole faooBe to whom it was referred to take into consideratidn a luU 
to explain and amend an act passed in the twenty-third and twenty* 
fourth years of his present majesty, entitledj *^ an act for the protec* 
tion and improvement of the inland fisheries of this kingdom/' be ^ 
empowered to receive a clause or dauses to alter the time for 
taloiig salmon in the river Slaney. 

Parliament was prorogued on the 8th May» 1786, and egain 
assembled on the l8th January, 1787. . 


Caumiy 4ff CaiAertogt- — William Barton, Esq. 

Sir Richard Butler, Bart' 
BoreugA of Caiherlogh, — Sir John Browne, Bart 

Charles DesvoeuXy Esq* 
BorougA €f Old L$ighlin, — Hon. Arthur Acheson. 

Edward Leslie, Esq.; sworn 12th 
February, 1787^ 

23rd January, I7d7.*-^A motion was made end thequestton 
bebg put, that Mr. Speaker do issue his wairant to the clerk of 
Ao crown to make out a new writ for electing a bttrge$^>.to serve 
ia this present parliament for the borough of Old Lmghliiv in the 
county V of Carlow, in the room of the Right Hon. Henry Law;efl 
Lttttrell, commonly called lord Luttrell, now eari of Carhampton* 
. It was curied inthd affirmative. i 

The proceedings of the house, on Saturday laa^ in the wprdl 

**Jl motion ^tbs made, and the question befaig piit^ that Mr. 
Speaker do issue his warrant to the clerk of llie ca'own to -maka ' 
out a new'writ for electing a burgess to serve in this present par- 
liament for the borough of Old Leighlin, in tiie county of parlow, 
in the room of the Right Hon. Henry Lawes liUttreU^ conunenly 
called lord Luttrell, now eairi' of Carhampton, 

^* It passed in the negative,'' 

Wefq upon motion read at the table* \ * 

And a motion was made, and the question being put that the 
8ttd proceedings be expunged from the Journals of this hou^. 

The House divided. . 
Tellers for the ayes, C Right Hon. Mr. Connolly^ 7 27 

ivho went out, \ Mr. John Wolfe : C 

Tellers for the noes, X Right Hon. Mr. Mason, c 94 ^ 

who staid within, .{ ^''* ^^^^ Toler : 3 * 

' It passed in the negative* . 

24th February, 1787^— Ordered— That the secretary of &m 
|iavigatioii board do lay before this house an account of the money 
paid to James Oates and James Delahunte, in consequeoce.of the 
contract fo^ completbg and finishing the locks at Qdiaety and 
Augfanagash in the river Barrow. 

. 26th February, 1787; — ^The house being informed that. Mr^ 
Bi|ggs, secretary to the navigation board, attended at the door, hel 
was called in, and at the bar presented to the house^ pursuwiit to 
their order. 



Ah itcdmiii of i&(» money f^A to Jaittes OaM and James De- 
lAutit^ ill oob^il^ce of the bontr^d tot completing tod finkbiiig 
1^ locks At Clolmi^tV and Augfanagasb, in the river Barrbt^. 

The titte ^fabrttot was read, and the account ordered to Me od 
&^ htbre ibr the t^ehisal of the members. 

1 0th April, 1787.--Ordered-^That the committee of the wtkole 
^<6\kh id Whom it Wd^ risfeif dd id tiake into coiisideratioii a bill 
for directing the application bf the fundd ghint^d by parliament Ibr 
promoting and carrying on &land navigation in this kingdom, and 
for other purpose Iheft^hi liieftitioned, be empowered tb tekieiy^ a 
dauae or daa^ for ^e better tiegulafion of the Barrow navigation. 

] 1th April, 1767.— Orderal— That the coiiiitaittefe df inm Wfiole 
hoase to wkoni it wai i^ferk^ to take into further consideration a 
bill for directing thb apf^lication of the funds grimtijd by pMHoietit 
for ^FomofSiDg add cartyin^ od inlind navigation in this kingdom, 
and for the purposes tiie'rein nittati'otfed. be empowered, to receive 
t ^Ikxm dr bUHSte td drnpoWet the Ibrd ttentenant, dt* ^^ ctiief 
^ft^^^iS fot* tto 1im*« beihg^ to appoint proper i^en^s Ui M^6f 
Mrttte^ fol* 0(6 «uVpo^ df takaldi^ Estimates and sbrt^y^, iM id 
M^dWer ftii cobkWsioliiliS^ ttiJAtedIn said bill to rh&h &(My dtt 
Ad fbils df fh^ tiV^ BaitbWi forthe i^aitis of m^odia oh Md 

14th February, l788.^The Yk^ df m dliy ftr ^!»]% oVer 
MiHhMM sttfeh dl^mifilirs ashi^ dtefttdt to ^i)p)|ifear j^terday^ 
being read, 

thti Mm«S Of WiAiam Biiitoik, Eitq.i l^g aflKd^ ahd iW> ex- 
wAi l>^g'<)ff^l^ !br his atft^ce, 

*AiJtt tftte -^tf^l^tiaA tl^i^ ^ttt, that th« feMd Witlftb BIsirtbii h^ 
ttft^fntb tife 'custody of the ^^kjt^ai^^ srmsttllK^M% Ms hdUM^ 

H wns )»ri1^ in tftfe flffir^tiVe. 

The name of Sir RicfaM Bntl^r, 6m., being a^H^, to 
as an excuse for his absence, that he had bi^n fll Ih ttie dodnl 
and was not able to come to ^Uhfh, befdi% f^^lMkfi aMd Qiat oa 
Mil arrivU ^e ^oor ^^ras shut, 

Atsd th« ^ksHoh f^at, thtt the eiccase MSttM b|r *(te aMl Sir 

Richard Butler be allowed. 

It bassed In the n^gffahive. ^ 

Ai^ the question ^tdg pnt^ thM the said Sir RiJmi Mti^b be 
ta^ into th^ cu^ody Vyf tbe Sjeije^t iit aAns attebdfi^ ftia ^Mte^ 

It ^as carried in llbe affirmative. 

The name of Sir John Browne, Bart/, Wng dilldh, ^^Mified 
m)e*exeo»ild for fafe kbkehce, b^fc^^iirty ytert of l^jpr Ap^i^firtla; 
and iMvh% ht ttb tttble verified the danke of isttdii^sliUh^^ 
(Mlh, he H^ e)^<^^a adcordiU^ly. 

Theii«aiet)f Sir Ohkries De^vtVeux^ BM., 'b€%oi&BM'iftrfte» 
excuse being offered for his absence, 

•And Ae ^^on bi^irtg pftft, tHat ihh said Sit- Ctterltti Oe^Oeox 

batafceihftbHSi^dttstoeydf fhiB Wrieant'at ^rtn^ '«««hdifltf »«« 

It was carried in the affirmative. 


or tat CQOKTS or pu^i^. iim 

Tin name eg &e Honoifrable Art}>ur ^^eam W*VI ''^td? V4 
po excuse being offered for bis ^bB^pitpf, 

And the queGtipQ being put, tbat the ^4 Arfbur AcWqq ^ 
toVes into the custody of the serjeant (ft arf^ ^ttSHdjog ihj^ nQjifj^ 

le b^ i)U9;f>j§¥i 

It wu carried in the aOirmatiT^, 

Xhfr name of Sir Edward ^atie, B^-i t: 
cuBB was offered for his absence by Qi» ^igbt 
who informed the houw tbat he b^ received i 
fcom the said Sir Edward l^ie, purjtortiag I 
in Bl>g1and, but tbat as Boon a$ it wap despatc 
tua iiiy, V^i Mr- SpeaJier having vpri&ed thp fa^ iipoii OfiQi. 

And the qaefllJoa being put tbi|t ^g e:iccue<e ^%^ f!?f ^ j^ 
^ ^ward Leslie be allow^. 

It was csriwd if ttie affirmalir^. 

Parliament was prorogued on we (8(1) Ap^, 1788. 

In "An account of the flour sent by Und emi^n V^ PV^ 
to Dublin, from the 24tb Junp, I78II, to tb? 24jh ^une/jp?, 
.dii^i^uisbing the paaies of tb« mjllp, the ntunber Qf 'taifiB &p^ 
&e castle of Dublin^ &tfi pwnere' names, th^ ijupa^]j^ b ^m- 
4redB weighs and the bounties pid fof ite sfhKie/'* y/^ af^ ^ 
p^atmg Mlating to tba cowty of C^w 1 








Jame* Bjnie. 
Matthew Weld. 





W . il 

Film " An account of l}i« bating ^id on vb^ })we, u^ 
barley, and oats brot^jht by inland canWe sod canal, to t|i|^ aty 
of DuUip, from Midi^maii, 1784, .to Mitjiaabiwi^ ^785, ^ped- 
'fy'i^g th/a paxticular i^ount of et^ eyea^ tf ff^aia, ai^l bo^if^ 
,f^thfireqa,"t we tajte tbe foUowu* relati|ig(p ow^couirty: 
.4>rw huadrQ4 ^f^ eig|ity-two thousand, four hundred and &Ehr- ' 
one stones of wheat ; one thousand, four hundred, and fi%-^ig£t, 
jKKHida, fow shiUijwe, paid :^0 hun^i^ and thir^-fluse th^^iup^^ 
«igfat ^utkdred and lh^-tbi;«e slopes of qafa, wp tbousan^t ,v>p 
^t^mdnad atid ii&fi^ pffojtdfi, £v$ shillings, si^d fivip p^nce f^i j 
tmo bifidred iifid fourteen thovsHi^, nine )iui|dr^d .BQ,d forty-^erc^ 
stqqns of hei« pnd bariey ; five bufi^'^d !^ ^^YW^Sf^P^ 
'two shillings, ^d eight pence .paij. 

Pft'iiatiteqt met qa the fitb F^truary, 17S9, [-w^Q thje^n^^en 
^f OHT district remained jts l^t nifn^qn^- 

llth March, 1789. — A petition of the uadernig^iiy g^^Wf^^m 
^flr improving ^e ^^ftrov ij^vigati'fin ,betv(!en Attjr ^r^M^^tbe 
p^ttnty of Kildare, wd th? t|d^-wat«i at ^ Mallip^s^ intUt^G^uiuf 
.Of C9rioy,>itt a BiflP H ^^^^^OftVVSfimli^llf 

* Joaiqi)B of tha Hodm ti CoinnHiiv, yol lii iJMi, 




the I1OU66, and read, setting forth, that tiie petitioners have lately 
cansedaplantobe made for the improving of the navigation of ^e 
river Bairow firom Athy> in the county of Kildare, to the tide- water 
at St Mullin's in the county of CarloW| and also an estimate the 
expense of said proposed work, to which p|an and estimate they refer. 
That the petitioners are willing to undertake the execution of said 
work in the term of ten years, to he computed from the 1st July, 
1789, on recdvmg from parliament an aid or hounty equivalent to 
thirty thousand pounds or two lliousand pounds per annum for the 
term of seventeen years. That in case the petitioners shall he 
encouraged to undertake said work, they {Hropose to provide by 
subscriptioB (the particulars of which are annexed thereto) a further 
sum of thirty thousand pounds in addition to sach parliamentary 
aid, subject to the provisions contained in the sixth resolution of 
the house of tihe 26th March, 1788. That the said petitioners do 
not xequh^ to receive any part of the said aid, except as they shall 
prove before the commissioners of imprest accounts, from time to 
'time, the expenditure of their own money, and they then humbly 
bope to receive a sum eqaal to one half of what they shall have so 
proved to be expended, so as in the end to s receive half of the 
whole expenditure. That the petitioners^ in consideration of the 
amd aid, do propose not to exceed three half-pence per ton per 
mile for coals, culm, flags, stones, bricks, sand, and such like 
artides, two pence j?^ ton j)^ mile toll for all other goods, and. 
three half-pence i^^r mile for eadi passenger : and there&re pray- 
ing the grant afioiresaid. 

Ordered — ^That the said petition be referred to the dondderatioQ 
of a committee, and tiut they do in the first place examine how 
fiir the orders of the house of the 25th of March, 1788, have 
been complied with, and report the evidence upon such examina- 
tion to the bouse on the report of the said petition. 

And a committee was appointed of Mr. Colville, Mr. Griffith, 
and others, or any five or more of them, and they have power to 
meet to-moirow morning, and to adjourn fit>m time to time, and ta 
send for persons and papers, and all members who come are to 
have voices. 

16th March, 1789. — Mr. Burton reported fifom the committee to 
^hom it was referred to take into consideration the petition of the 
subscribers for improving the Barrow navigation between Atfay 
bridge, in the county of Kildare, and the tide-water at St. Mnl- 
tin's, in the county of Carlow, which report he read in his place, 
and after delivered in at the table, where the same was read. 

Ordered-^That the^ said report be referred to the committee of 
the whole house, to whom it is referred to consider further of the 
application of the tillage deities. 

27th April, 1789.— Ordered--That the committee of the whole 
liouse to ^om it was referred to take into consideration a bill for 


the promotion and enconnigement of inland navigation, be^em^ 
powered to receive a ^ause or clauses to enable the Eubscribers to 
the BaiTOW navigation to obtain possession of the said river and 


(he works thcreoQ frcon the bridge of Aihy to the tide-water at St* 
I^ullin'si on the coalitions and under the restrictions therein 

Parliament was prorogued on the 25th May, 1789| and again 
met on the 2l8t January, 1790. 


County of Catherlogh. — William Burton, Esq. 

Sir Richard BiiUer, Bart. 
Borough of CaiAerhgh.'^ir John Browne, Bart 

Sir Charles Desvoeux, Bart 
Hon. James Canlfield Browne, in 
. the room of the said Sir John 
Browne, now lord baron Kilmaine. 
Swom2l8t Jan. 1790, 
Borough of Old JjeighRn. — Hon. Arthur Acheson, 

Sir Edward Leslie, Bart. 
Parliament was dissolved on the Sth April, 1790, and a new 
one assembled on the 2nd July^ 1790. 


County of Catherlogh.* — ^William Burton, Esq. 

Henry Bruen, Esq., 
Borough of Catherlogh. — ^Augus. Cavendish Bradshaw, Esq.. 

John Ormsby Vandeleur, B^q., of 

Kilrusb, in the county of Clare^ 

Borough of Old Leighlin.'— Hon. Arthur Acheson^ 

Eldward Cooke, Esq. o' 

Parliament was prorogued on the 24th July^ 1790, and.mct 
l^gain on the 20th January, 1791. 


County of Catherlogh' — ^William Barton, Esq. 

Henry Bruen, Esq. 

Borough of Catherlogh. — AugogtusCayendiA Bradshaw, Bsq. 

. . John Onnsby Vandeleur, Esq. 

Borough of Old Leighltn.-'li<m. Arthur Acheson* 

Edw)Effd Cooke, Esq.f 
Patrick Duigenan, EBq.,$ in the 
room of the Hon. Arthur Ache- 
son, now lord viscount GhMfiord. 
Sworn 28th Jan., 1791. 

Pariiament having been prorogued on the^5|]i May, 1791, met 

* The county was addresBed by Sir Richard Butler, bat thsre wbb no eon- 
test— Aft*. Butkr't Natew. 

t This gentleman held a hlg^h office under goVeniment. Tbeie is a bio- 
graphical account of him in a volume of the ** Pubne Chaiactei*." 

ITfae oekbraMand flUrenuousoppoDcat of the RoonaCetiiolie chins* 

Ill amoEir and ANTiQuitiBs 

i^pm m, Qia \Wx Jwataj, 1792^ when the member? for pur 

28dk Janoary, 1792. — The house bebg informed that Mr. Mac 
Twif ae^reltty to tjie camjolsmomis of ^icoount attei:i4e4 9t the 
door, was caHed in, and at the bar, pr^eated to the hoi^se, pur- 
soant to act of pariiament, an account of the Barrow navigation 
tamp&ttf from the 27tfi day of Oc^tober, 1788, to the 8ih day of 
Jannary, 1791. first accomit 

PtoiuuneQtwfuBprorogoedon &e 18th April, 1792, and again 
aflo e m blcd on tte l(hh of January, 1793, when the members ^om 
the ooop^ of Callow requiined & same as last. 

29fr Jan. 1793. — ^The house b^sg informed that Mr, Mac 
Lepn, secretary to the commis^oners of acooant, attended at the 
door^ be was called in, and at the bar presented to the house, pur- 
suant to act of yiriiament, an account ai the Barrow navigation 
company from uie 8th day of January^ 1791^ to t)ie 25th day^pf 
Fdvuary, }792. Second ikcconnt 

6t]^ Feb. 1799.-;-Oi^red— That lecnre be given to bring in 
a bin to establish a raflitia in the Idngdon^ of Ireland, and that the « 
earl of Hiflsborougli, lord viscount Headfor^ Mr, Monck, the 
R^htHoo. Mr. Secretary Boher^ Mr. Bushe, and Mr. Hayes, 
do wqMone and bring in the same, 

[Biu/ar amenSmg and reducing iHi0on& act of parUament 
ike laws relating to the miliHa of Ireland,] — Jlead first time, 
Bfarch4* Reiid second time, March 7. Read third tame, March 
19. Agreed to by the lords, March 26^ Rec^ved royal assen^ 
April 9, 1799. 

In pursuance of the bill just mentipned, fi regiment of militia 
was raised in ^ county of Cariow. Henry Bruen, Bsq., of Oak 
Farkjf one of the representatives for the county, was appointed 
MCmd. domnuBsions to the foUovdng gentlemen were «gned by 

To be Major— Walter Kavimagh* Dated April 26th, 1 793. 
To be Ci^tainfiH- Thomas Whelan. Dated do. 

pyiip Newton. Dated April 27, 1700. 
J<^n Newton. Dated April 28th. 
To be Ueutenattts^Johtt Wdseley. bated Apjil 26di« 

John Bennett. Dated April 27lh. 
John Leckey. Dated Apr9 29th. 
William Astle.* Dated April 29th. 
Abraham Jones. Dated April 30th, 
Constantine Brough. Dated May 1st; 
To be Easigns— William Carter. Dated April 26th. 

Ashley Crofton, jun. Dated AprS 27th. 
Josep];! Malpne. ^ Dated April 28t^. 

Haggerty, jun. Diated April 29th. 

To be Adjutant.— Jolm Wolseley. Da^od April 26j^.t 

.^ *iGf«uid«W|cleel4be|Ai^r. He w^0 «£|erFr<M^ H Captahiin 9^^; 
meat t Antfiologia IJibenuca. \jpH, i. p. 4030* . 

OF THB cotfHtr 6f cAH&dir. Md 

ment of militia. When em/bodicd ih 1793» it was ohtered 1ii> 
Keriagii) thcinee to Chftk'les('-forty niBat- Kitusble ; to Cofve ; to Wn^ 
terford ; to Trim ; to Downpatrick ; to K^drferi^r^ Camp ; i6 
Drogheda ; to Navan, where the regiiiieiiit Ixras ets^mied ta 1)98, > 
and from whence it proceeded to Nittstown, on the banks of the 
Boyne, where an action took place with the rebels. The latter 
fled almost immediately, although they were in great nvteben^.— 
From Naran the regiment itiarched to Robertstown ; to Cork ; te 
Ciarlee'-fort; to Middlteton; to Mullingiu* ; to Roscrea; thence 
to CaiiotW) in 1802^ when it was disembcMlied^ 

Phk-litancint wis prorogued on the l6th AnguBl, iTd^iend^iii^ 
met on the 2l6t January, 1794, when < t^e members for our dis- 
Irici nrmained as last. 

10th FelA-uary, 1794i — Third ftccount of the Barrow nayiga- 
tio<i cDrnpany, from the 1st day of February^ 1792, to the 1st 
fay of Mdy, 1793^ presented* 

Pak'Hament was prot^gi^ed ou the 25th iMLarch, 1794, and 
again assembled on the 22ttd Jantory, 1795, ciur diistiict having 
the same members as last stated^ 

31st Jam, 1795.— A petiitioh of ^ c^thdlles M the wmaltf of 
Carto#^ whose nbmes are thereunto subscribed, onbehalf of them- 
i^hrcB hnd others of his majesty's datholic 8ubjects*| was presented 
to Qke hotise and read. 

Ordered — ^That the said p^tkm do lie on the taUe for the pe- 
itnal of ^ memfoere. 

i4tii February, 1795.-^Foubth aeeoUht tt th& BmeMrtwn^ 
gatioa company froei theltot May, ltf9d^ to ^ 8.Wl ']>«e)3ttiber 
MkiwiiLg, bretoofted. 
On theSth Jvae^ porliameilt wils pt^(M*<^«d. 
In 1795, the Rontatt Catholic college of CilHttw Wte>«stkb- 
Hahed by i>oictor K^effe^ Homit4k bishop of Kiid^te Uhd LeSghlki. 
It was finet opened for the ed^^ation of lay «l^di0nts> 'but has been 
einee extended to the ^qrarbttoft 6t pttoti^. The acc<)OWittodalfoii^ 
iRB-caMilated for (he t«deplipn of (^e hutihfred studeiits f>f each 
class; but there has never i^e^HthMitilU^^ at one time^iiithfe 
establbhment. The present officers of the college ccmsist of the 
president ; professor of thedogy and vioe- president; principid of 
the lay-college kad professor of natural philosophy ; "professor of 
logic, and H6breV ; bursar ; dean of the eoclesiasticcd DoUege ; two 
prof^sote 6T cl^'sicfs ; professor of classics, ancl dean of ihe lay 
college; le^tiir^ bh natural philosophy; yice^ean of the Is^y -col- 
lege ; &tik professor of ^halthematics, ai^d of the fittidy halL— 
D0ct6V Dbyte, the present Roman ca&olic bishop of Kildare and 
Iji^hllifl, w$d^6 plibiicatiohs under the signature of J.K.L. (James, 
ICicditre tt^d Leighlin,) have rendered him so celebrated, ^entered 
the college of Carlow in lSt)9, as professor of rhetoric,- and a few 
yeans afterwards was appointed professor of ihfSohgy. Dotftor 
i)oyie wan i^iOden for the vSce of Romish bifiiiof^, winch he 'nO\Kr 
holds^ m November, 1819. He has since been eic^Dnined by com- 

sit . mtmmi a.^w Amiauitiw 

Munes rdalMg to the coMfy of Carlmr : Walter Kwnmaght a^ 
}i«i««0d m 17M; Rev. Heary> St Oeerge, 1791 ; Joehaa Fnvk 
¥mi ; SHHmd Cavpeiiter, jim., iTdl ; Edw. Euslaee, 17dS ; 
HmPfBrnta, 179a; WUHaaEtiomMs 1793; Beaoehaiaj^ Goi- 
doagfa, 1795 ; David La Touche, jm., 17M; Jefan Steuite 
Ae^UbM^ »t99; Brvan K«wHigls 1796; Jahft Batier, 1^796; 
^.IBiMlaM, 170$; Rk^aid B««qe, 1797 ; Jwiea BiHkc, 1797; 
l^Mfkifflray, 17S7; » Ourite Aedlt^ Banwel, 1799; ftilpp 
K^W 17W ; Heniy Rudkkis^ 1^; ReveieiidJav.M'CBne^ 
i78»; |JMMa9 Aytwnnl V«or% l797>Thomt8.Hai^ 1W7; 
ip)RWii«^BHtto,6art^ 17^8; 6ibw4 E;iutM»^179a; Tim. 

Tte K^nty oC Cmipw WM 004 ei^mpt from Hi^ ^fa^skom 
99n«PHi»#OA9f of tbe rebe|%n, of 1798. Wq tai^e lii^ folWing 
tnww t^ A0^ prwdQua «r9tis9i}lA9P9 fe^m.tto work of Sir Bicfawa 
Mosgrave, Bart., who from his personal knowledgj^ of manf of 
IIm^ ^arm^. of thcvf «i«^^ «?. w^jtf as, oppwltfij^^s of obtaiqing 
direct, audientic iuformationy most bf » <}oiMiidBffjri ft ounffdt ^ ftH^ 
Bnfficient authority. 

^* Not only in Carlow/' eays Sir Richard, ^* but in most of the 
eoonties of Ireland^ tbe priests in Ae year X791 and J 792^ b.^gaQ 
to take an accurate acobant of tbeir sectaries in every fiumly 
within tbeiff r^specljvQ parishes, which was supposed to be dpne 
with a view of asQei>tpiiaiog their relative strength by their numbers, 
wheipi cpmpared with, thie members of the established church. — 
About &e same time, maps pointing out the property of the old 
p0pi^h pessessprs,. were prirSted and published. 
' ** The great zeal with which the priests began about that time 
to establish relifioua fratemities among the popnlatce^ of whipkrtlie 
acapular was tht nK>st prominent, gave an additionid proof that a 
Q0S(i9pinic]( waa in coatemplaiionu This institution iotrodiieed 
wnong them an. ^traordinary sanctity and ai«9terity of mmmewy 
and. ^rded a trial of their silence^ which was so eaaepj^ t^ 
^ promote such a measure. 

** The insolence of the lower class of people wan obviously i«k 
creased about the year 1793^ by the following' incidents: tbf 
friia^, wece^ enabled tp build stately chapes by dm subscriptions 
'not onlyr of their own flocl$^ but; of Pinotestants; ndiidb fenneda 
■tritdng contract to» and reflected on, fte ruined edifices where 
Prole8tants,less enthu3iastjlc» worshipped their God. At » tine that 
a Pi:ote8tsiit clergyman in that county couli not ohitain a sbxk^ ef 
'.money to build a church for Hiree hundred Protestants, whom he 
bad attended for twelve years in a sooty cabin,, the prieet of 
Carlow built a college and cheque], which must have eost.ftett 
l|iMe' Id four thousand pounds. 

'* In the beginning ofthe year 1797, the insolent looks and liaughty 
denl^anour oftbepeaaants^ who would not focmarly appioacb a-gen- 

■ • ' ' - • . 

* JournalajH* Commons, vol. xvii. Appcn. 


tkBMft but irifk tbi^fvMiMI faiuMiiQr, ^Mie$S^ UifatlwIJiDdrifh 

^'SogIi waB the state of tne county of Carlow in tb^ iwiHi toC 
Noi^embeiv .1797^ when toliie Mlsitoiyti^iwa^jww^ 
a. magiaMto^ gUTe wquMtloMMf Irooft ttiat : » ^<»iq| )i i ; iity imi 
fcrawigri. awllfae foitowiAi^> •ifefU vwnovKId ^vory^ dmite •ft ital 
ketolli Mr. Bmw^ who lit«d iitfar Xi«ifhlbi-bii^,.lia»«iiif 
MfMgh M dbckM fata ^(Matidii of ^ Usft<!4 jMAni^) ^ fOM 

<m te flMM tiiglillie wit wbdevM, wldiei^bi«dfa«wr9£tkii,«i|M 
a«d hia iioite im rottM o£ fiv« bat^^ mna^* iHiti 

vriqnctabla a» «neii^# iaapmd tfa^w id «a«^h HfMi' 4^9 hUH ^ 
iawwwpMiiliy Am laAiii d^i^> Aal Aey b«i|aa Ki aaMMalu 
greatBoaklMi^ and toioijg^Mtewitb grdlt Deton(iy«f. ! ; / c 
. ^ A gqatonali ^aagay thifaugh L^^di^bfid^|.i?aid| hejmiflit 
« jniie to ig^va t^ep€0fb a drak $ Bfsd baiyJA^ 

Ss^ibsag^ .ifa0 oomf imtoi» ill gi^ BQ^^ ^to«ie«lned|«^piiiaA 
»tiiA .JNdm^Mp QMnoitod aflie of 4Mr dri^^ 
pi a a p a da dafc c^lav azvi^, and with aoma ai»Miy tcr tba hafriia^ of 
ariaaBfat Aloaayb^ (Bagfeiii^'8^loiirD)y ^ihbhtAvwuF^mi^fmM 
tiaBB agfciiai^AciBeof ikm^ and- y M t wk ga d ^ateia ki^ bad^l jthajT 
lhaii|iaoaeedfid to &a habaaaf Mn Ba^aaab a^gaalklnaQ n^ Ml 
ionrie^iy fa^pfeaoatod.tiia comity^ but htmv^ ]^|fl>.Mtiad a baak 
of earth, it protectoi thani from. iheJb<itof tbvae of-to Ptof intoni 
jpaoAiai^ ilpfioikepl up a.i»)ifii^t%e«ip'oaibai]^ t^;aiNi«id«i- 
lal.fibo^. fram »Uuiidafbaflilof onaof 4hair owkipailiy^ j^iliad'OM 
of tfaeiaiiitod man, oftttaiaaiifipicioua-naiaa of f^aiti^' . it 
. ^ftx bf'.kia poptah yatenao Ware paatod twIiUa bil hpaaty )^ 
tiiadra caNiIH (fejr Iris k^ 1k^ ^f^tMaato witiw il^r iPQaaaiMM 
by his liaolenanl^ Wto afteraranja iacteBMi«iaadto.>l!ifr» -Bayaab 
lioHtodepaDdanr ar papist^ tbaagh hmp and hiait)via a<»8^1i^&taof 
tiial! perauflBion^ aa^h^ eaaUl .n^i^oavaUr on tha'.tiireat.adi^nff %^ finl 
lai tfaaaaaaMaate ;r aad:bediwlawd» tlwi he mJO^woMmrf^'^ik 
any of tinin<«^lB thak retreat they phindtirad and : tibafebirad tt0 
bavBttaf MnuMblhafian, itei jbeati and lAauitod biii^i* Mawat 
^■alnl^larocfaiua mataaer^ 

^ From that time they never ceased to plnnder.baasiil'af ialBBi^ 
atid^^fterfMlbW aMitdafl^ avaaiia^ die pkooSea ^ Mff^ Ek>bert 
ttoabfon^ of Ci^hgrenan^ abd U^ Coiuwatt,- of %rii^kM|^ 
tfkoi ttaich-to! thak holioui» flie«to oeaaed to hartaaa th^aa iifcdfK^ 
aata by ji^b^ at l^a head of theb MepeMiya y^onano<Npp^'$r WbSa 
other geuHameni pabiad by iaas^ aeoght iot paakictioatby aaartiig 
flnpnaala;' luihott^ I^vaJb^ asaurady tblait >tbe>i aaaol): of 
€Mow troddhiBira beeaiaaiaii^daMblada&^l&afoaaaty.ofi)29)^ 
^ybu* liiafeAoae gtintlameny by aiai»itodeaDex«ioait:aiid^<iaaal 
lOKbuttiited coohragie; staraak lerrof* kt^r tftem^ by aaitli'ikttiyiapil 
arresting numbeirsof tbem^ in their most secret baftints and recesses, 

<< Is all their d^redtitiens/ they never ofiieureda^yiii^y. to tbe 
property^ ot insult to the person of a papist, except .that te 

fit tfWORT AND AviYQtnmt 

MttfrfiMM dwy took anoB fitrni nicli perBofn of diAt p«i«b«« 
skm; lat wore not likely to^nso Aenii or were not engagod fnlko 

' ** Oa foqoiriDf omis of a widoir of tiio popish idigioo, near 
Li^gUki, ftoy inibniied ker ^tthey wore for bar benafift^ andtkal 
el Ao catfK^io- canaOk A imaioftkenamoof 'Haghaa^ ap p a anwl 
kafera Mn ConmaH, of Mpliall-lo^gey a magiatMrta, oa the SM 
0f July, aadeonfessadAatbakadkMtaUattlepMai^ aadavmcap* 
teia J^anes Noirlan ; and ka alflltal tiia wkolo ppograaa of tka aeM- 
Naa froBi ite aaBMnaBoamaDl. HaauAadlkattkaaigkipaariaiiala 
tile attaak on Borrk^ LeigUm-bridgo, «id Bagam^a-lxma, ka 
faeamdordaiafran Noarlan, howlm was to a H a ck tka aaamy; aai 
an nMng Mm wbom h» was to conaMar aa aoeb, 4ia cmtain i«pli« 
•d| tiia ttig'a tpoopa aid Ika Pfoteataaki ki ganaraL Tka fo p ik 
rabUe^ and mrniben of Ronan catkattoa in oomforfeAiay mif^ 
op ai c a t aitoalkway took oadis of aH^iaaee baiora im^iisttrafies, 
wko gttfo tkan aertifieataa of tbekkavkig dona so; and an abtan* 
daaaa of aw^ oeri^catea ware found w tfaair pOcketa wkm tb^ 
wara mada prisoaerB at tbe battka of KMcaaDsayy aad abairkafati 
' '^Maay Protettanti waramordered; aiany al tiiakkoi^ 
Vivii^ aai nvefa^of th«r property waa daabroyad, m itfit partiol 
- Ike caanly of CMowkcwderng uponti^ooantyol Wiei^^ 
Wexford. Moat oi tbe popish yeomen m tke ^comity ^ C^dom 
wara dkadfeotod^ and wouldy bad an oppartiMii^ cftred^ bare 
y tamed tiieir arma againat tbar king and eoimtry« 

^ InlBb RAsbard Bntlai'a corps (^cavaky, wm papkrtrol wban 
kb paraaansBt aeijeant was one^conspkad to maWkr its PMastaat 
members. Tke serfeaat iraa to kave poated in tke rsar tbe ooa^ 
apkators, who were to ktsfe fired on tke Froleataats- m aotton, 
Bevaiiof ikem were eotavietsd and banged, theotk^twaJadj 
bat oaaikig w underibe procknaatkm obtained their padkak; \ 

^MrvBorton, member for the oonaty, had »«oipa of ufoakry^ 
ki which be ^sooveradtweafy popish trailori^, whom ha axpaiiadi 
and seveaitMn of tkam were afterwaids banged or traaspoited* 
The aryaa >of hkieorpsbdng deposited in the gaard'hoosay and 
tfea a d a d ky s« popish membefSy wkenl tbe-aBaanisctkBi^wM 
expected, diey poured water mto the muazkai and wel iM paa^ 
of ^Ibeir lirelodBi. i 

'* <^ Ai)oat thirty-rix popish yeoraan were shot m CMaw oimL ita 
fkimty; but there was not a single mstanoe of disafiaotion disoa* 
V. vcred m a Protestant, Aat I oould hear of; except Sir Edward 
Crosbie, who was hanged at Caidow ; and itis well known that ha 
kad ka^ i4qned Imaself on being a dost and a lepobtican."* 
• AtmoK otr Ca&i«ow.— On the 2dth May. 17^ the gavrisoa 
of Gariaw oensbtsd of a party of the SWh UagoOo^ tite kght 

faaqpany t»f the aoidi Cork mihtia; commanded by Captain 
H pMtyof tboLoi^ militia^ under lieutenant Ogia» 8ir i 


-•Memcrtri of (bfe 4i£ferent rcbelHons hi Iwto^,-Appcn, p. «4. 4Ur 

SQ« lyvtt ' 


BartBoV corp0 of yBMuuxrj cavdrji OoCariow yeoman igfaMlqr* 
o o uMMin ded by CaptaiiiB WilUam Burtoaand Hardy Easteioe^ «m1 
forty vdunteers ; in all aboat foiir hundred and fifty* Cokwial 
Mfibonof the9tfi Dragoona had Uie chief command. 

llie gartiaoohad intelligeaceof the Intaaded attack by an iak/f^ 
oepied letter^ as well aa from the Yigilance of Lienleoanl Ro^ oi 
the norA Cork militia^ who had obaenred ihe common people aa* 
BiiWilig near the town on the cremng of the 34tii May, Cokmal 
Mnhim, acoordingiy, made immediala preparations for tfio deteat 
of the town; which were not unnecesaary, as^ ebovl two o*clodl 
on the morning of the 26% the rebela in namber about 800(H 
having met at the hooae of JsSir Edward Croabie^* marohed tbenee 
into Carlow, under thecommaad of one Rochoi ahoutiog that tha 
iQwnwaa their own. But aigmd was tiieir diai^pointment* Their 
progress, was unchecked until they readied the potatoe market in 
TnUow-atieet, where they were spiritedly attaclnd by twj» aen t i o ah 
posted at tiie coUectxMr's door mid a loyal Protestant who joined 
them, iknd so effectual was the fire of these three peraoea^ that 
tlie rebels were compelled to diverge towards the gaoly in whi#l| 
quarter they iMt an equally warm reception. In shor^ auoh waa 
A» deatruetive fire to which they were now exposed, that they 
were coEiq>elled to a speedy retreat^ and endearoiured to escape by 
tlieread on which they had entered the town* Several of them 
look refuge in the cabioa of that outleti which were fired by tba 
aoldiery, and many of the unfortunate wretches wera thuaconsumad* 
Jt ia ciJcHlated that not less than 600 of the rebels were killed on 
4jbia occasion ; of which number, 417 were buried in gravel pita 
At the Queen's county cnde of Oraiguo-bridge. 

It was intended, that a junction should have been effectadnit 
Cariow between the rebels of the Queen's and Carlow countiaa; 
but the intelligence that two pieces of cannon were Ranted at 
Oraigue-bridge^cmisedthelbrmer body to change their route. They 
burned the hotuesof s<mie Protestants at Ballyckmdler, and at* 
tacked the mansion of the Reverend John Whitty,t situated near 
Arks, and dwut five miles fincHU Cmrlow. '^ But," says Sir Ri* 
<terd Musgrave, ** it was bravely defended, by himself and ^teven 
FrotestantSf who k^ up a constant fire» killed twenty-one rcbek^ 
4uid baffled all their attempts to stcMrm or bum it. The cenflict 
continued £rom three to six o'clock in the coming." We have 
4)ften haard this defence mentioned in terms of the hig^iest admim* 
tion, aa one of the most brilliant actiona of the rebellion. 

Executions by martial law followed the battle of Cariow* 
Among th^ number who suffered, was Sir Edward Croabie, Barb 
It is but justice to add, that this gentleman's fiiends assert hia comr 
pleta innocence ; and Sir Jonah Barriogton (who enters somewhat 
fully into tiiis matter in his Personal J^eickes) warmly advocalaa 
a Qimilar opinion. The truth seems to be^ that the unfiNrtnoate 

^ • Cordon's History •£ %ht Rebellion of 1798. p* 77.~Sir Edward Crosbie 
lived at Viewmount, near Browne's-htH. 

tMow of BMs^fitoym; Rector 9f tbeamott of Rstbtil^* 

ttO StSVOftT AND • AtmwmiBA '* 

Iw mHk <wiB wmenrhat ikog^d wtdi the '< liiiefftl*' |>rlaeiple9' of 4m 
Iktjr, ^iMMigti ptfrbaps he did not «ancttOH tbe fUU deYeldpemeat «f 
mMy i» eodubited in open ioBurreetHNH. 

Battlb op HAOKKT9vowiii.<^l%e fint attack on ihiB toW 
eeoMPred 0ft the 25th ef May* Hie' tebek were^ bovreverj re- 
{Riltfid by llie yeomamy «nd a party of tiie Antrim militia* Tbn 
iteotid aiid more rarious a£9ur toekplaeeoi^ the2i5lih Joae^ The 
mtA gbrrieon ceesisted ef Ae yeeman infiMBftry, £lty men^ eom« 
aiaiided by Capttaa tftwdy, taid forty of the Antrim nilitia^ uMlfir 
lieiiteBaiit€^ifdiner« - The cooiitry people were Been a<6embliB(f on 
Ae Mtb, of'Ti^hieh inteffigeDOe "wwi forwarded to the commaDden 
of the iiei^lAMmiWyeomaiiiy eot^; bat) with tbeexeeptioa of 
€aptain Chauiie/e, none of tbeift were enabled to render any 
BMistaneeb The i«bele were Id^OM strongs commanded by Gavfet 
iBynie of BdlynHausy fan brotiier WiHiam, Meifne. P^inTi 
irafahea, Mkhael Reynolds and Edvrard FitSBgerald. The 
gafrieott insoed forth to attack them, whidi eenred as a fsint, bat 
0D their retreat Captain Hardy and four men wei^ killed; Sem^ 
of the infimtry, whose entire force was about one handred and 
twenty, took pe^ession of the ban^6k, while oAevs entrenched 
fbems^lifvs bdiiod ik breast^work which had been previously dm^ 

' The rebels^ snpposingf their ytctory certain^ raised a tremendoas 
jelly and mshM towards the toni^ but they werei^eiredl Willi A 
^ sttoady, weil-direeted fire from the garrison. They then set ite 
iyifhe honses, every one of which, except the barrack 4iild t#e 
more, were speedfly in flames. The ecene at this period motl 
have been horrible ; the incessant fire of die moBketry,' die eritH 
of the rebds, the smoke, the fiamecr^ the Adlmg hoases; biJI dt 
didnot daant the spirit of tiiogaHaat Imnd who defended botawir. 
9he Reir» Jatee6 M 'Gfeee had secnred himself aead imio iMn kt 
one of the hoov^iadiicb remained mitooohed by tfiofre^ itiid> to^ 
getherwkh ^btm within the barrftck, mdntained a dba^ fim on 
the rebels-; who> findmg all their efforts miavaSlii^, refreaM^ at 
half-past three o'clock. In this very severe engagemeAl, w%lch 
eontinued for the greater port of a* summer's day, Ike loss of Hie 
rebels has been calculated at five hvndred killed ; more than fwetity 
earali^dedwithdeadaxid wounded were removed by tl«i». The 
toss of the loyalists was but eleveo men killed' and fifte^ iw i mJ e A 
The aeUerement wite certainly gforioas, when retaCte^nnitibm 
are considered.^ We fee! nosmal pride, that sach in^^ilMe'inea 
as the HacketstOwn YfioMimRT should have been fonaii WMdii the' 
Bi»midaries of the county of C6H0w. Do not eueh m^ merit ^ 
rti'aiugemettt and protection ? (16). 

' ' 'With reference to the Rev. J. M^CThee end his aietij^ (Bir Ridiari 
Mfewgrave remftrls : « That gafflatif party would havti-Heen anaUe 
fb^d^end themselves ibr want of ammunition, had nod lieutiMaift 
Fenton, of the Talbot's-town cavalry^ been providentially gre- 
vented from attending his duty by a contusion, occasioned by a tail 
from his horse^ als ba sat behtod a fm between two windowi^ maUng 

or TB$P0OtfTT OF CAUDW. Stt 

tetniges; waA to ^ nanorial inonoor of Mcs. Foitei^ 'Aftoaw 
tinufid to go about ^e konse, and to supply, tiie besieged witfi ro«. 
freshments during tfaeit labocii^ttB uaA planlons servkfe; aaod ^i^e^ 
lliflir j»loisk «£ baUs irafr nxhaaatbd, i^ broke up berpeirter plMes^ 
ddiont boflelBof themwitkberown haad^'trfitcb b^rliafaaiidHMdeiip 
into: cartridges/' — Tbe garrison retreat^ to Tlwaw in tiiaeveanigk 
Subsequenfly to tbe Inittle^ the same body ef rebeb bttmed Ibi 
beqae of CRnery Protestant for a circait of six miles avomid Haekel^a^ 
tQ[vn» Mid imiiidftfffd ail tin innuKtes who feU into fteirbaads.^- ' 

Bouis. — ** Mr. Kanranagb, of Bonris/' Bays Sir RidaBnl Miis^ 
grmfe, ^ bavii^ beep, distkiguisbed fiur Uyioyaity, and bis aetivitjr. 
as a magistrate, waa pecuUaiiy iiie object of rebel tengeipMe/*--*- 
On. the nig^t of the 24At May, Bonris hous9 was aittoeked by ft 
body of 5y000 rebels ; tiwy-wiere, lioirevery repulsed by Captain 
Kacwanaghf.8 yeoau^nry corps, with the loss of fifty men killed' snd 
WDvndecL On the 12th June, a second attadt was mtfde en iiii 
loam of Borrisy when l&e rebels burned the houses of Mt* Kavn^ 
na^'s yeomanry. At the mansion bouse^ whidi was gasHseued 
by twenty of the Donegal militia and seventeen of the yeomanry) 
ttey met a formidable resistance. They were oonrnmaded by 
Keamsy a priest^ who was afterwavds bulged at Edendetry. The 
rebels had a howitzer with which they attempted to bnew down 
the fndls of Ihe house, hot w^e unsuecessfol.* They ^ere. fi* 
naliy obliged to retreat, with consideFsUe loss. ^* One of the re« 
beb," says Sir Richard Mosgrave, *' who was wounded and eonld 
not retreat, proved to be, a tenant of Mr. Kavanagh, who Hved 
dose to his house, pnd to whom he had been singularly kind. Om 
hmg- asked why he embarked in tiiis treasonable enterprise, he 
iMmi^ssed, that he was tempted to do so, by apronise of oblMU 
log: a portion of his estate." 

At. Kilcomney, near Borris, a brief action took place' { the 
laag'^ fiorces beiifg commanded by Sir Charles AsgiQ. ' A few^s* 
duM^ea of artillaiy were sufficient to cause the flight of the rebels^ 
They set»ated to' the coanty of Wexford, through ScuUogh-gap; 
puvsned by the mmy with great slai^hter for mn wskti. The eatm 
of their, cannon, baggage^ stores,; and provi^eas feM into tM 
bands of the legalists. 

.Fran » paper of th0 rebel conspirators read at tbeir nalbnal 
conBnlttee, on the 2idth Feb. 1798, we learn thai tile number of 
tbeir asmed men in. tdie coant|y of Carlow was 9,414 ; fiomiea 
these in hand, 49/. &• lOdL The foltowinff are tvra resdutieoe 
agneed to on tAie sane occasion : ** Resolved^-^That each comity 
t^aihave^aet yet paid np* their fibanees, shall be requested to pay 
eev9enty*pounds, 6xoept the county of Carlow, which shall o^ 
pay forty-pounds., ilesolved— lliajt the counties oi Carlok^ 
Maath, Wicklow, I>6rry, Down, and Antrim deiienw well of their 
ooimtry^ for theur. manly offinr of emancipating her directly; but 
that they be requested to bear the shackles of tyranny a little longer, 

• Musgrave. Gordon, 

Aistoatr AKD ANTiaoitres 

be in «iicfa Estate of oiffai^zalidn a* wH t 
hy Aeir joint co-operation> effect witliout loss their desiraible 
point, wkich is honriy drawing to a crisis."* 

We femarked, tfaat^ inurcdiate conaeonences of tin existeiiee 
of iJkB Tohmteer force were not unhappy. ' The fottowiDg extcaot 
fiwn a papar otreniated by theooococterscrf the rebellioii will riiow 
the nse to which the organisation and proceedings of that body 
were diordy afWrwards applied. We print the capitals and italics 
as in die original >^^* And we do cdl on and most eanMstly ez« 
hoit our brediren thb voluntbbrs of ibkland, who may in 
/dk^estaUishynsthey iMveitt/Atftfrfreatored^ the independeooeof 
their natiye land : we call upon all our countrymen in genmd to 
foUow our example, and to form similar societies in ev^ quarter 
of the kmgdom for the promotion of constitutional knowle^^ and 
the dispensation of genuine fVAig principles; the people when 
Am collected will fed their own weight and secure that power 
which theory hasalready admitted as their portion, an4 to whidnfthey 
iMrnot aroused by their present provocations to vindicate it, ttey 
desevre to fw&it their pretensions for BVBB."t Nothing can more 
clearly demoostate^thaii the preceding paasi^, thepemicioasybane* 
fid ecmseqaeiioea arising from the advocacy ol wild, aadefoied notions 
of popoltf liberty. The mind of the unthinking multitude &ub re- 
oeiveBaD impetus, winch harries them on to lengths, from which* 
perhaps, die beginners or fomenters of tlie work would themselves 
i^ecoy. Xiet the Whigs bdiold what were considered their genuine 
priuctple9; let them learn, that they have been preached up as 
aanctioBing revolution, r^ublicanism, and rebellion. 

T3ie firrt lodge of the Orange Institutico was founded in the 
eottttty of Arm^, on the 2 let September, 1 795. The name of 
Orangeman, however, previously existed. ^^ They wen^" says 
Sir Ri<^ard Mnsgrave, ** merely a society of loyal Protestants, 
aaaodated and boimd together, solely for tiie purpose of maintain- 
ing and defending the constitution in church and state, ae esta* 
blished by the Prince of Orange, at the glorious nevolutian, which 
tiiey regarded as a sderan and sacred duty/' This body was and is 
purely defbnsivb in itsprinciples. Its members are men attached 
to a limited monarchical form of government ; they are sji^KNrters 
of genuine civil and religious liberty ; they ure adrntrera of the Bri- 
tish constitution; tiiey are attached to British oonaectigD : Aey 
are aot wild tiieorists; th^ are not bvers of revofaition ; they ar» 
not fond of innovfition ; they are not inclined to republiean priad* 
pies. They reckoned sdl, or nead j all the Protestant yeomanry of 
1 798 in their body, and were mainly the'savipurs^ of tiuBi country at 
&at important crisis. They are the men whom a sound and wise 
British government woidd cherish and support. — The county 4]f 
Cariow is indebted to John Stauntoii B^K^fort, Eaq^, of Ch^- 
grenao,, captain of the Cloydagh yeomanry, for ikd introduction^ 

• Journal H. Commons, Vol. XVII., Part 2, Appendix. 

t Journals of the House of Commons. Vol, 17. Part 2. Appen. p. 844i 

. - . . • , . ■ , 

By '^An account of tbe sains of noiNqr 4!lnlDai'liy#a«tt& 
feriiigt<]9«llbls (a ^^ diff<miit c«ftntiM la Ifelsiiay ifarttw iiiees 
Mfltain^ IK! tW ir«MMn'of If 06, HiMk laid ¥i^Bmm ika^mukda" 
timwrd cppoiiilMi ^ «ict ^f "{ladMmiit ^ uiliiipfctafttg teii^ 
we find the sum claimed by the county of Gailwr ihikimtJU4L 
I4f. 7rf. <••• - • -J 

fhurifittot«tm«tl>nllkeMiid«tniu^ i7Mk^ . .^ 

• ♦ n I ♦* ? ■ » 

SirHidiard Buu^r,.Baronei^\. *. 

Jojm WoKe, fiiq. ' .'\ ' J . 
BofQugh qf Old £^A?Mi.-r-3Edwei^ Coolc^y Es<i. , •, ,." . ' ' 

.^ir Boyle Rodie^ Barooetf. . . ,, 

^ for tiie division of tlie baro^of Idrone^in fhe ceiartyeW S il ^' ii ^ 
Md ftal Hr. Jdbn^taiMtbta Rodsfort, (of tlHogbifrMM, tiieAiber 

for 1li# borough of Fore^ countyWestmeatli), embnel Bloiy^ Mr 
eSckcra'Biitier, Bart^ Mr. Wffiam Bi^MI wd l^tOsvmi^^d^ 
prefMire and bring in the sanicr. 

Shatd Mu^, IfW. ' Mip. ^ohafitEiantDii 'Rochfoit pvisdiMl to. 
ttmhoiiMy- iMotiMn|;4?e'Otfder, ^ > *^ 

A bill for the division of th^ barony of Idrone in ^ eaniitf 4if 
Ofetrftfif ; MhiA ihm ^MMf/i*d ^aond reoan ftttt^m^j ftid^iitaw to 
%e^!^ead «i«eceiid tiiM km Monday next : 

[Said bill paised, Maith^ A^rec^ to liy iheidr^^ Mmb 13. 
AsMtity MmiW.] ' ' . 

fMiffinenf was prero^fuad on &e l^t Jtne, ItW, add agiiili 
assembled on tiie 15th Januaryi 1S00« when the awBmbers Cor o«r 
aistrk^ Wire a» last sdtfed. '^ 

' 'l^ui T%0raaryy f899« • • i^titMii tn tiva iraelvaKitvs -of ch64iMHMf 
of Cariow agfun$it a l^islative nnion wil&€hiMtfiritaMiy praieiiM. 

OiPdeNll^TliitUa'^aid pcMlic^ dolte m tte iaUe Ar the 

Q^rasBi'Oi viv ineinDeiB* 

48i1IItftA,<1B0O.'-'-lMi<i^n^Hlhe Ihfehftiddkii dftli^ «0fR^ 
of OatW.agmnt a k^eiathm tnian wKh Great Britain, proMDiai. 

OiAlNd-^TlHit •tfae 46ii' potion do lie on the table for the pe- 
rusal of tiie members* . 

7ft Jufw, WTO,"— 1%© house was "mcrred^hiA the order «f the 
day, that an euffrossed bill fof lite unipn of Great Britain and . 
JMtaAi bift read^iB ftird dme, mi^t beTimd. * 

Aflil^e «M 'Oidarbemg TOid laeo^ 

•"iTie author's father, (amemberof the tallow yeoman cavaify fn*1798) 
joined tb« Onrnm Society.— He was a mem>er,of the Tallow lodge. 

* . • 2 s 

0t «uiQftr 4um AKfwnm» 

A Urtoawm «•», aal tiie qoMtioii iMOg put, tinkOe Mid 
kill Uraid a ttHKdtuM on Friday tteSiid day of January naxt^ 

TImb tha Mid Uyi» aeooidiiiylaardary waaiaaiaOMtina. 

▲aatrnwaaand^aadtequattiMi Mnf pu^ tkitAetaid 
IdMapaMraadliMiftlltttilfelMii Aaaetfiviteiiiiiaii of Gnit 

It was eanied ia Aft afimalnra* > 

A wa fia a wai laada and fta q^tegfaai baaiy pa^ 4hit tte 
Hon. told Tiacouat Caftlereagh do eacry Ibe said bill to llie kida 
and derire ttieir ccmcurrance^ 

It was carriad in ilia affirmatiTe. 
, [Said 1^ agraedtoby the lord^ August 16. ReoetTadfta 
topi assaitt on Hie 1st Augnsty 1800.1 

Ist July, ],800. Ninth accoimt of ttie Barrow nav^afion coai- 
pan to the Ist Fehmaryi 1800, presentad.* 

On .die 2nd Augosti parliament was prorogued, land; in oonse- 
winca of the Act oipnioB, did not again aasendilemliaiMid The 
ihn a at l i ofOld LaigUiii.was4|bQlisliadt«iid1iiattf 
af onsfasnbar* 

A mffiafing^ ihm ^rmAuA^JMm af tiu^ ^^^^n^ ^ ^4gl(Wr , WSS W^ 

A Oa 2ljitJaaaary, 1799. . T^ 

EowABa EusTAOK, Esq-f Ugh sheriff, in the chair ; when Oe 
Mtowing lesolotiona ware aifteed to : 

Besolved ananiaied4y — That no advantages this^coontry coold 
dsrire from a union, would be a compensation Sk tfaa loss of its 

Besolred'Unanknously— That oar representatives have not the 
power to annihilate t^ parliament, ana to'transfer to (hi^ of ano- 
ther kiiigdom the right of legialati^ for this nation. 
, Resolved unanimous]y*--That it IS Ughly dangenws and impro- 
(fMWilo aiptata the question of a unioo in the present unsettled stats 
it ftisldagdon* 

Besofard unanimously— That the high sheriff be requested to 
^MBwmieale as speedily as possible thoM resdutionsto our lepre- 
asBtatives in pariiament 

Resolved unananously^That the conduct of the speaker de- 
psqres our warmest thanks ; and from hie opposition to themeasuie, 
aad Uskw»w)e4ga of the interests of this country, and oonstsnt 
•tlqition to iSfsm^ we are strengthened in our present opinion* 

EwD« EfTStAOB, ^leriff* 

Copy of letter fitan Sir Richard Butler, Bart, M.P^ for the 
county of Cariow: 

« ToSdwwrdEiisiac^Esq.,iigA$Aerif4ifae4founi^qfCarhw. 

'•^ Dear Sir,— I have had thebonour of your lettsr, «nclosiiig 
fta resolutioos of the freehcJders of the county of Cariow. 

!!|^ I shdl be always happy to receive and obey die in^traction^ of 

• Jsuraalfl or the House efConuaoiui. vol, ^ ' 


a cwtftitu M ito , I]«iicntextraiiidv1killlaqp|MMdt5te 
n tlie qoMliaii of a leibtethB VQpoabetWMii tirit kmgdqm anl 
Great Britain was bronglitfiirward. JEJad I tifpoied that a ana- 
«ira«C •»di impQiteiea anoald liiva baaa djjgiwgedia (uliaaiinl; 
on tibe fint day of flie l o ti i o n, I ccrtunly wooll lum al>mfcd» 
iw>twithgfanriiny the Tory yroaarioos itete of hoaUbef tta deawil 
paiiof mv ftmily* My.Motiaientiaa iHiat qnaetion periicAf ea» 
mcjde wm thoee axp roM od in the leedntien a andif the moMm 
•haK jbe.i^jfab brought fii^rwaid, be aseored I w^ oppoieitto te 
!iitiaQet<iCaEiy.power» i|KBi&e, 

'< Oaityhunden, Jasoary S7tb, 1799v Rich. Butub,''* ^ 

Socby it appears^ were the sentimentB of the. fireehoTdert of the 
county of Cmow oa the Bublect of tbe legislatiTe nidon wift 
Qieat Britain. Matters are, however^ so much changed dnce the 
occurrence of that event; the tremendous eyils apprehended from 
thtf unien not hafmg ariaen ; the RoBModsts bebg shwe ■iiaiilMi 
Jnippa riiaMon t'^tfaeperBidow lefeto t j ona gy gpiiit at p i c eent abroad; 
theift daoMMfences^ aawiUaaotiMniy have placed the qaeilion ha 
an aspect so different Ihat we are hiUy convinced, that not out 
el Iha land owners, gentry, or Protestants, who nu^t fanmtf 
have opposed the UnuMD, would now desire to behold its repeal* 

* Wfllfcer's Hibernkui BfafiaU for 1799. 

dMut fetA* tnil^ vMlk of TcOloir/ Alkd Mj<umng-llid totA IM&qr 
^ N^wtowti-BiniSr. It is prettily sitaiited oti geiifiy d^ntted 
jtouild/ in tke 'mtdst ' c^ ft Ii^lrly (mltttuMI AflCNd. A ift^tel 
Tunning dose by the chorcb-yard acMb te^ l^e Mlfttity'<Jr«iititfaftM|ttH 
some. Th» chttrc)| is'a moA^m alracturo of plfuo po-chitestme, 
and of (he usual oUon|[, shape, with square belfry and dj^re. 

TOMBS AKD INSCRTi»Tl6i^'lS. , '. 

I iAi ghkiifte, cat in die rudi^t manner^ in Ronian ca^Mb - 
HiiB UBS ma boot or Dskis DoNocnvB (ton ow Niotoo&Aa 


Sisi MT otf Mab^h m raB27th tbab or m» 40% I)38» 

' There are several oAer tombstones in gramte of an oAldite> W^ 
' fbeins^tions contain nothing wortiby of note. 

Widmi abandspme railed enclosure^ planted uritb ev«]gieens, is 
Braised monument on which are to be found lliese words : 

In memtny of the Rev. ffenry SH. George, late of AUamont, 
m. theeoumy of Carlow, dwingforiyyearsrectorqftiia parish; 
who died May the 30M, 1831, »» the S8M ^ar ofhU age. la 
every station of his Itfe, he executed its respective duties with 
judgment, diligence, and fidelity. The purity of hisfmith, the 
rectitude of his conduct, and his unwearied labours in the pas* 
ioraleffice testified his piety towards Gon ; his kindness, humiliiy, 
and candour, with his exemplary attention to the wants, temponU 
as well as spiritual, of his fellow creatures, proved his ienevO' 
lence towards man. Reader ! behold the upright^ for the end 
of THAT man is peace** 

The fiunilies of Baillie and Tomlinson have tombstones here. — 

For further information relating to diis parish, see the Appendix. 
(17). or, rt— 

ARDRieTAN. — ^Vnthin one mile of Tullow and in the parish and 
town-land of Ardristan, are the ruins of an old church. The 
walls yet standing are sixty-three feet long, twenty-four feet broad 
at west-end, and eighteen at east-enid. Leoigtfa of chanoel twenty*, 
four feet. One gable and part of side wall are standing. A stone 
pomted arch in good preservation divides Uie chancel from Ae 
nave. There are but few tombstones. The burial ground is sur* 
'rounded by old thorn-trees. 

Ballybllen. — ^This burial ground is situate near the highroad 

* It may be observed, that pooeiblsr this and the following inqcriptions 
may be heit prsienred, whea decayed, or obliterated in their tot aituationr 

iMttif Ucm Bonis tff Gor^VlirUlfa, nod ^Mtwioa^ |«kl)i« talt^. 
Tbt miiM.of an (34 cburck «tand here, of whioa but n soudl |M«ri 
of the wdt wmmin^ Inside ^ «b«ircb lies n tpmbitoqe w^ 
vmrtfqr of «otiee. In &e centre ie e ^roea wid the Ittterd LHiS., 
end coond the nargiD ue engre^ed in rauied Roman chsrectem the 
following wonle: , 

Av&O. D.OM» 1626. ^. 

•. We.i»gret to uyp th«t the lower part of the itone it brokeii| 
end thai tte pert w&h we huve omitted above k loRt^ illegible* 
tie beiifie in wbicdi the above named O' Ryan (who was. a gMi^t 
man, aa (he. word gtm^r^sus indicRtes) reaided» 9tiU ^B(taiil9 iear 
tha diupch-yaid, l^e tradUiona of Ifae peaaaatrj r^rieike^ Ihattlie 
i>'Ryans fiimiBrly owned « targe part of the ooimtrjr aboa4 0^^ 
dlen ; of whiiAy indeed, we hare better proof than meia tradi^oOt 
aa the veader of the fixregoing^ pages ieaware« It ieeaid^ thutui 
large pot full of gold wav faaad buried in the kitchen of Uionya«aa 
O'nyaa after the mansion had paesed from hie &m3y* 

. BAUTKN0OKAN.f^The chttTcb a&d burial ground of JWlyv 
loBOcItaBi ate elevwfced ever the river Barrow, and in the oafl<ii 
of'Jjei|^lii»«bridge. The charoh la a modem fivuctnre of una* 
domed appearaoea. The feDowing areamoi^tbeiniiofif^tioile i ^ 
. Haul. ui^m. tbb^ hodw* lor. WiybiAii# Cabiiw«wpo. 
maE4tMb. vui^ 13« of. Oct. 1732. aobd 90. vu* ANth usfh 
wnsL mpY* dr. ois* viriFv« liAat. wsa D«oftas«>,. vab^ 1(K 
or. Fan. L700. avd. also. Tsa bqdt* iif« "CHaia* son* 
PfltOB.. vrto.«<-{The stone ia here saolkin fte enith,) 

HSBB., liTllTV. THB. BOOT. OF. HVAH. DoWUliak WMi 
PSOSJIBCD. THS* ft DAT. OT* OcTOBni. 1712. 


Bert fi^ il^ earth of Robert 0are9p died April ike lei 
1155 aged 14. Since ikeyeat 1900 Of Ws 1778 Lei^hlm' 
bridge woe noi without the namfi of Carew. 

Undernee^h this tomi doth He , 
At much virtue (ts eonUt die 
* When niiee did tigowr give 
To as much beaniff as coul4 line^ 

, .Mfs^ Catherifie Moore tone oke ^ the celebrated Mise 
tySeirnee of Dublin departed this life 21th qf June 1794« 
0ged 36 years, and maf her soul rest in peace. Amen^ \ . 

In an indoeuret ai^ininjilP the ohurch-yarc^ is ^ monwijenfy m 
which ia the following inscription : 

John Stewart^ J^;., died October the 28rd, 1819 a^ed 63 
ge^s. Although the tie between them is in this life broken his 
widdwjtorrow not as one toithout hcpe trusting that their hmpff 
retmion will iahe place in dtemf immrtality this the tori 

msrait AK|> Mxm^nm 

Jifhii CfM$i. Nai fo reeordAiifoeliJtnown vforih 6^i i0 grd^ 
iAeir.own feelings ibis monument U ^ected to the memarf ^ 
the deceased ijf hie aiiacAed widow and his *aJfeetionate eon. 

Near fiallykiiockan^ and contignoiis to tli^ road leadkig to &• 
Royal Oaky is one of the ancient rathe, of very coneiderable ex^ 
tent It 18 called Maudlin moat by the peasantry. 

BALiiTLAueHAN CA9th&, — In the parish of Dunfeckiiy, |0wn- 
hod of Ballylaughan^ and barony of Idrone East, stands ib^ tmtk 
of this castle ; of much pristine strength and importance. It is at 
present rootees, biit the walb are m good preeervatioii. The 
castle is sq[uare in formationi having two roond towers flanVwy 
the front; from the outer extremity of one of which to that of the 
odieri being a distance of forty-feet. Prom front to rear, the cas« 
tie meai^ures Jbrty-two feet ; breadth at rear, thirtjr-feet ; greatest 
height of wallS) about fifty-feet The walls an about ore feet 
thick ; built of rude stone work, but in the most pecHument man* 
ner. Fourteen stone steps cbnihict to the second floor, which rests 
on ab arch* There are two flights of steps higher up^ hot they 
are in a state of dilapidation. An apartment, Mout seven feet in 
height, with two windows, seem to have been meadiof the tow- 
ers ; between the towers was the chief entrkiee of arched, eoi 
stone. The appearances of the ground adjacent would hsdicate^ 
that the cas^ was formerly surrounded by a ditch. 

At a distance of eighteen yards to the west,' stands another ram, 
of about Airty feet scraiare. It has one stoneMJased window, with 
holes 'fer iron bars. The walls are five feet inihrckness, and the 
etracture is about twenty feet in height. ■ > ' ' 

About forty-yards fi^om the main building, to the north; is and^ 
th^Tuiaof small dimeosidns. Near which is a largo, ancient- 
looldng dwelling-house, ionnerly dccupiedby the Beauchamp fiunily ; 
a meniber of which was fer a considerable period one of the repre- 
i^elitatives ^of the borough of Old Loghlin, in parliament The 
fpmfly of Beauchamf has been for centuries and sliH is opie <rf 
great distinction in England. . 

The history of the castle may be found in the preceding pages. 
We shall now merely mention, diat it formerly belonged to &e 
Kavanaghs ; and was occupied by Donogh Kavaoagh, (second son 
of MuTFough Ballagh, styled lung of Ldnster,) at tiie end of 
the sixteenth century.. Shortly afterwards it passed into the poa< 
eessicm of the Bag^ial family; but is now on the estate of Henry 
Bruen, Esq.. colonel of the Carlow regiment of militia, whoee 
father made a laige purchase of land in this county fi^m' tbs late 
Beauchamp Bagenal, Esq, 

B^LLViarooN Castle. — The ruins of this spacidus' (^taructure 
(fmflt by the Knights Templars) stand on the town land of BaU;^- 
moon, pariah .of Dunleckny, and barony of Idrone East . It'm 
on the estate of Robert La Touche, Esq., Lieutenant Colond of 
the Cfrlow regiment of militia. The building is roofless; tiie 
walls, which are about thirty-feet in height, form a square, one 
hundred and Uiirty- two feetby the same. From the eastern wall 


project two mftuce towera, from Ibe Bonth^ one, and bcm the 
north, another. The windows, beinff mere loop-holes, are la 
good preservation, abont five feet in hdght, four inches broad, 
and of a crucifix form at top ; which latter circumstance might pro« 
hMj have arisen fiY>m the semi^ecdesiastical profession of the 
founders. The entrance is on the west; by a cut-stone arched 
gateway, the upper part of which ha^'now fsdlen fi^m its place. — 
The main walls are not less than eight feet thick, and are covered 
widi earth and grass. When the author visited the castle, some 
•heep were peaeefiilly grazing wiliiin its walls. The cen^ ap- 
pears to have been at sul times an open, uncovered area, surrounded 
by the tenements of the inmates. The architecture is of great 
strengtii and durability. To the right oh entering is a pointed 
arch, inside which and in the main wall are some stone steps, 
leadmg to a loop-hole. From this ^circumstance, some idea may 
be 6>raied of the extraordinary solidity of the structure. The 
Ustory of this bastle is given under the proper dates* 

BARSiiGH. — ^A church in ruins and burial ground, with this 
name are situate in the barony of Forth, a mile and a half from 
Myshal, and near the road leading to Newtownbarry. One ga- 
Ue and part of the side walls are standing. The walls are clad 
with ivy. The church appears to have been seventy-eight feet 
long by twenty-one broad, with stone cased windows of but six 
inches inbreadtii on the exterior. But one of these windows now 
appears. The burial ground lies about twenty yards from tiie 
ruins, and is divided from them by a rivulet. The following, in 
Roman capitals,^ is among the inscriptions :-^ 




Followed by a death's head, and the words mbmrnvo ilOBi. 

BoBRi8.-*-The hoose at tiiis place belonging to Thomas Kava- 
nagh, Esq., is a spacious and magaifioent structure. It was built 
by hie grand&llier, but greativ altered and improved by the late 
Waiter Kavanagh, Esq., elder brother of the present proprietor. 
Tba Messrs. Morrison were the architects employed on tiiis occa- 
sion, and the model adopted by them, was the English bannuaK 
mansion of die sixteenth century. 

.There is nothing coming strictiy under the denomination of an- 
tiquities in Bonis ; the r^er, however, will find an account in 
the appendix (18) of some relics connected - witii it, and which 
we are enabled to publish through the fiivoor of lliomas Kavanagh, 

Bbcwnb's-Hill.— -One mile and a half fiom Carlow, at Broni^'s 
Hill^ (the seat of William Browne, Esq.,) is one of the Danish 
pagan altars, called Cromleacs, firom Crtm, Ood, wAleaCj a flat 
stone. It is a rock of great dhnensions, raised oa an edge, and 
propped on the east by three upright supporters. Another pillar 
stands at some distance. 

880 VISffHT AM 


Tto dilef flIoM and MippiMtoi m^astro (Accokdiiig to LeAwM) 

Heiglkt of tbe thrM mippbiteire • «, 5 8 

Thifckttrts of the tipper end of? 4 6 

the coteAag fetone J ^ 

Breadih of the Bftme it • 18 ^ 

Lefigf^ of the dlbpe indde # « 19 . 

Length of the outside •h • • 22 6 ' 

Solid contents in feet, 1,280 ; weighing near eighty-nine ton^^fire 
hundreds, ghd making an angle with the horiaton of thirty -four deH^ 

CABtiOW.-— The first object which demands our attention here ib 
tiie castSe^ This once magnificent structure, built after the most' 
approred Anglo-Norman models of square torm^ with a tower 
at each angle, now presents but the mere wreck of its former groa- 
dear. It is built on a gentle eminence ^ in the town, and on ihe- 
east bank of the rirer Barrow. The bridge leading to the Queen's 
county, is within a few yards of the castle* Until a late period this 
Boble structore was in very tolerable preservation ; but In the year 
1814, it was tenanted by Philip Parry Price Middleton, M.I)., 
wbo, we regret to say, effected the overthrow of a fortress which 
had witllstood the assaults of l^me and of man for ages. This 
gentleman tnten<Ung to convert the oastTe into a private residence^ 
proceeded in his UteraGons so very unsldlfisillv, timt, havinff &« 
turbed die^foundationsy more than one half of the budding mD te 
the ground. Fortunately, dus event took place on Sunday, as 
oBierwise many lives might have been lost. The height of the walls 
yet remaSning, is about sixty^flve f^t^ which seems to have been 
the original ^titude of the etmcture. The length of the side finttir 
the esD^mlt^ <>f one tower to thatof the the(^hef isone hundred 
and five feet^ tod as the boiUii^ waa Btfoare, an idea eaii be 
fotmed of its fimner great extei^ 

The ehurch isa m^em structare^ and will be highly ornanentid 
totii^town, when the very elegant spire, bow erecting, is oom» 
fleied. 0« entente the ^tirch>*yard « flat mwble slali^ wilh ifae 
foHowiflg inicrytioB, strikes ihe ^ye of llie vsitor: 

^Ia SITUS BST Beni AMiNus Daill^it OaLlus BaitAS^u n- 







of tn cotfimr w aammr: Ml 

. woftii0irAoAimtrMmmii mnm? 
imubMs xram ftBitt MUM ba^d n^UMBMeUr dvmfti; • 
cnjiMfAmt qiTv iiAFts trrtfr mo A«ttf miql 
OBift tviM Tim jau. Iff Atr: Doii« MI>OOA. 

Near flie precediog, a)so in Soman capifsdd : 

UruAIlT 17X9, iw 799 ^il VMR Op Jii^ AW, A.^'D WWAlM^.^m 
5!ra OF f «3<. RNCVJt;^^ SM 7«& 7t|| ¥JLAE 9F H|^ AGfi^* AQ|^ f^ 

UBVT« coiifw ipparwrOiupuHP ^aur and A£r««s? p« isoi;(4i)0 

H1SWIPS« \ .... 

HfiRB USTH 799 m»V Pf X9*< ^U>« FAG^r I^TPBR OF YM 
9BRB. 1720. 

ContiguocMi 40 tfM^abore :% 

Ins IIOFI8: of : A: BfiKSK» : AttBirapEiteYioirc Bttfi: usth : 
THE : BOiMttS : OF : Mif/AMi# : AUKKM t^rt» r FiMsR : and : 
BSHiAMm: BOii99|tv: 799 2 SON: fovp?: OF : ium|]UA*-^fps: 
TH|B;F09ii9it:;PSfAiiWD ; THIS : WFfB : AFHIi;: n 4ti| : VQI.;^. 
AOIBD ; 44 ;• TftA«^ ; . 9|i9 : I^ttw : JAN y : T9 : 3 : }tlfS<^)^ % 

Witiim tlie dmrch the following attraeft our notk»,> Q& w4dM 
marlik^ 1^^ ^am in 40Ottit drM6> at top^ 

an affeciumate iribnis fo M# MMMr^ flj^ iltff k^th&9* fiAOMfi 
€kM»tf, JE^<«PM# 1^ MtoffMMMcjiir Ait JMAjf fririm^. Hia 
friends and ocquainianceB lament the irrepttraN& bma ^ M» #^ 
eeremd*WiM^fiiemkk^4 ugra$Mamd iMru^m^ ^nhePsa* 
iion, polUe and cAeerfulmannere, Meralwei prudent AospiialUy, 
andePerf a^eiat ctrsue^iOmi eweeUfna mud adorns prmaie ^fa — 
a&died 4n ^99 mtk dt^ of F^mary, rBS^ in tks ^th year ^ 
Aw a§^» ■> \> \i 

M 9isM%' fiide^ of tito dbmafmaion ti^bfe ivkh Ae^ alMWt, :(«■ 
wUHa iftwWe,ii^«i^%iM8.w^ gmdpteral by Kkic,) is %Aidbmm 
in g inscription: 

TMs small trihUe of respeetand affection to departed excel- 
lenee and worth ts erected t&4Ae memory of Jane, the beloved 
wife of the Rev. Gsobob Vxilu^Wy Rector of Carlow, and 
ar^ydhig^ ef ike PenerMe Tj^Oimas &»i»«to«Br, JkM&r 
BBAdOif W KiA&AKA^ \sf 4er ieeplj ttffi(«Qd hna b ahd i ^kik 
nite^ly 4emif, enH^tenei ckrisUt^n diedin iU pftme ofMfk§ 
andher'eharoiehr^ms a ^waeomimati^n of etiry f$% >mm^ 
eivery perfectum. WUh itiknisfar bey(md4jieaegio^4aAe ge» 
neraUty of persons, eke Moer $ovgkt any ikpUiy 4f tfiem, — 
JFith a deep knotdee^ of hteirahare, eha p^emd^ aitme all 
that knowlqitge whieKmakeih ^$e mlt» oakMHam. Tbnfgh si- 
lent and reserved amidst eeimpmy, and rather ies^^m^avoid' 
inf it, Ae was «9«r acm^'M^ 14 the poor dnddMkssed, 
and always stucfying km to ^eU^fa their n9amMi and 

jNB awrom ak» Aimatnt ibb 

mmiti . 8As e$te$Utd in teylfiwre paMmg, omi Meq^mn- 
Umm wiih ihe lemmed languug^, but far mare S0 in the 
^xempUarf duekarge ijf duty in wery relation of life ; as a 
Ining andfiui^'dmighUr^ a4ender and affeeiiouate matAer^ 
m most devoted and fondly attached wjfe. Her death M>a» uni- 
wereaUy lamented, for in her society lost an ornament, her pa- 
fonts their pride, her husband his wtore than companion, his 
guide, his esample, and friend; the poor of this town an ac' 
Koo mutreahus benefactress and its youth a pious and Christian 
insHruciross. ' Trusitingfor salvation ahne in the merits of-her 
B a oiou r , she resigned-ner soid into Ae hands of God who gave it 
SnfiwAihdt^of Deeember, 1827^ and 29th year of her age. 
Spotless wiihouiakd innocent witMn, 
She feared no danger for she knew no sin;" 
So unaffected, so composed a mind. 
So firm, yet soft, so strong, yet so refined, 
JBhuoem as its purest gold, wUh sufferings tried 
' Tko Saini sustained it^ bvd the Woman died. 

V%eet Ae Barrow, and on Hie north of the town, is an ancijot 
ftorial groond called the graves; said to have been granted by Uie 
teri of Tfaomond, when possessor of the castle and oth^er extensive 
prope rty here. There are no inscriptions of much mterest. We 
kave noted the loUowing : 


esttjj^BMif: hb:-*-^bd thk: 6: of: M M: 1718: sass: 

■ to .; TSS 64 of: DBCJBMBAft: 1()91. 

AL&80B: «u: g&ampchiwrb : by: MABfl&BT: cabboll: 

This atone is hrolam, whidi causes the Uankain the above. 

bkbb: libs: thb: boot: of: bu.Kn: kbagan: alias 
iOBMBB : wiFB : to: 7HOMA8: kbagan: of: gbaiqb: and 
dauohtbb : t6 : william : ooembr: of : boss : who : dbpari^ 
bd: this: lifb:'thb: 18: day: of: august: 1708: cflB- 
bi8Hbd:thb: nbbdyialwaisb: wth: flbnty: blbsd: akd; 
MAY : HBB : SOTLB : SNIOY : etbrnal : bbst. 


Sacred io the uwmory qf Catherine Macartney, alias Coffey, 
iks most braved wife of Thomas Macartney, of Archer's grove, 
in ihe oouniy ESlkenny, Esq., who died 5th JFebruaty, 16U, 
agad 5Q years. The Lord have mercy on her soul. Amen* 

Here Use inshrined beneath this sacred tomb^ 

By heaven foreboded as her final doom, 

A mother kind, a unfe sincere was she. 

As Dt^hme mourned even by every tree* 

When Death's dread dart had pierced her mortal frame. 

Mar godlike spirit left this dreary vale; 

Her ooul was wtfied to the joyous plains, 

^kfre awesteet harmony for ever reigns. 


TIm general appearance o( tiie town is modem. Tlic^ anflquahf 
will find no private residence of an old date in Coriow. < In wkm 
respect, it presents a striking contrast to tiie neighbouring* city of 
Kilkenny^ wiiere, independently of publie stmctures, the streete^ 
passages, and houses affosd considerable interett by their obnonsly i 
ancient constmction. It is, however, gratifying to ns, to-be eoth 
bled to state, that as regards the essential article of neaiMSB^ no 
to¥m in the kingdom can cluof superiority to Cartow. 

CA8TLB*€rRACE. — A ruin of this name stands near Tnllow« It 
was erected by the distinguished family of Qrace, descendanis of 
Raymond 1^ Gros. 

Clonmullin. — It was, we are told, at this castle'(6ituate in tti» 
barony of Fortii) formeriy belonging to the Kavanaghs, that the 
&r-&mod hean^ *Aileen Aro0n, Kved. Her name^ it appears^ 
was Ellen Kavanaghs ^e has been inunortaKzed by the poet's 
art. Mr. Hartstonge gives some account of her, which may be 
read in the Appendix. (19)— Daniel Kavanagh of Clonmidliny 
Esq., one of l£e confederated cathofics in 1646, forfeited his estate 
and died unmarried in Spain. The^e are frequent notices of Gkm* 
muUin in the foregoing pages. About fifty years since,, some xe« 
mains of the castle were standing, but now; the plough passes over 
its site. The estate at present belongs to that very fBstimable no- 
bleman, John, lord Famham, one of whose ancestors planted it 
with paiatiBates fi'om Germany, whose descendants yet remain>,and 
.preserve much of their peculiar manners and appearance. - 

Clonegal. — This village is situated oa the river Deny, about 
seven miles east of Tullow. It is on the borders of the county. 
A castellated mansion, with ramparts on top, at present inhabited 
by William Durdin, Esq., M.D., is wortiiy of notice.. i|t was 
built by the Esmonde family in 1625, and continued ia their pos>* 
fiession to a recent period. In the early part of the Fast century, 
Morgan Kavanagh of Borris Idronei, Esq., . married . Franoes^ 
daughter of Sir Laurence Esmonde, c^ Clonegal, Baronet. 

The churchy is a modem structure, in excellent preiiervation, but 
the biuial ground is. evidentiy of nO late date. Among the inscrip- 
tions are the following : 


who: dbparted: this: life: june: the: 9: 171^ 


Representation of a soldier with a gun on his dioidder^ audi 


Here lieth the bod^ of ike spiriied volunteer Henry Btowne^ 
departed the Wth May, 1784, aged 26 years. 

The following lines were written, I am told, by the. late Hemy 
Tighe, Esq^ of Rosanna, in the county of . Wicklow : Ralph, the 
cnii^ect of them, was wood-ranffer to Mr. Tighe. iWhaps his lady, 
die gifted author of V Psyche^ lent a hand to4ie proda^on : 


T0$h^m0mor3frf William lUiijpii cfKUomtry^wh^ikioH 

- GMiori ^ti0 w00iin 9H4ki low oanitnt 
Uped mUnm Rtdpk, a rmM^pmidMi reni. 
^ 4 knijfi i« V^iMV /oiV he oHmhti the irett, 

A mm, h€ iw$4 ihem-rueiUng in the hteeet. 
A$ h^ gr^m M, hie old oempenione eftread 
A hrojikPf breeomer ehedmo o*efhioheed» 
WhUe thoee he plented ehet on high end made 
.., fi^ manjf m POoh m ioop^Me 9hede. 

With tMe one change life gently crept aetm^f^ 

A pioM etrcem Ufimedfrom d«^ to dnjf. 
, mf/nfnd$4in4childref$lop0d him mt the tear 

frell m^te, pfo/unfy »hed upon hie Her. 
If hf hqd/mte^ ihom oho hi9$t thy eheere^ 
ofrihe /Ar ^^^ y^^ end feel what Iwrketh there. 
£[e ufho eeee aU eholljm&o both him and thee ; 
. Mepe^tf for ae it /alb eo liee the tree. 

CtiOGHOBSNAN. — The old castle of Clogligreiian, t6. wbicb 
dlftsiaii has beciti fi^HenUy made in tUs wotk^standsat tibe distance 
(tf aboot two miles soutih of Carlov, on fhe west bank of the Bar- 
t<n(r. It ttow ionns the entrance to the demesne of John Staimtoo 
Modifbttj Ei^. ; and, as may be supposedi is completely in a state 
elf4eetLf. t'tom its considerable hdghti situation, aild ample cover- 
ipg of ivyi i\ is^ however, yet a picturesque object. — la &e de- 
fll^stie, attd romimtically situated^ are toe rums of the ancmnt 
<httfch of the parish of Cloydagh, with its burial ground. A lai^ge 
old tiree gtowd inside the church. The walls are standii^, in 
td^ndfle preservation. Tombs with the following inscriptions ar^^ 
to be found In Ae interior. 


ttere ^etJk th My of Ur. Riehari fTarrmh wha departed 
m^ tgkon the Ui de^ ^ FeWuary^ 1733, aged 60 years, 
^^tfd ip hie w^e Theodima Worrenp oSas Bryan. 

Here lieth the body of Mrs, Amy Greene^ wtfe of Wm, Nae- 
sttu Greencj Esg., of Carlotv, who departed tide life, January 
t9nA 1761. 


Erected to the memdry of John Oreene, of Millbrooh, in the 
county of Kildare, Esq., who departed this life on the 2Sth day 
afJtdPf A,D. 1S19, aged'H) years. Also to the memory of 
Mary Anne, his widow, who departed this life on the 2iih day 
o/ AkgHst^A^SK l9Xip aged m years. 

•tm^^^i^t t i» ^ 

Thist tap^b i^ ereeied by John Qteene^ EsqL ^ Moat/Uld, 
cbunt^^ KUdare. to ihe memory of his dearly behved wife An^ 
^eene, who d^rtj^i this Itfe \9tk da^ qf August^ 1S18, in. the 
^iyi^q/l ^.m^fkh ^jncer^y^f^d mg^ de^t^dty lamented 


OF VM cocMTY^ OF oiaaDw. 

B^ieri Greene^ tAnr ittf^ta 9on. 


OnamirUA 8liJi>i8 tbefQlWwing: 

Lw^ R^hf&rt lorn iOtk Decemter, 1803, died ^Znd Ju^ 
1804. Ju9t known and lotL 

III the o1iureb«yatd (• to be fiMO lliia carious iiiseripfion: 
Johnf Baifis one of Ckfi9^9 Uiih onm. 

Cmn H Oftfi CASTLC-^The 9pAciotts piece of antiquity of tUi 
place is situate near Backetstown, and in the barony of RaflivSlyi 
in i^pe square ; one hundred and serenty feet, bv Khe same^ 
The castle has towers at each angle, and is snrroondedby a fosse, 
of about twenty feet in depth. The walls are five feet thick ; and the 
narrow, stone-cased windows were obvioudy fiirnished with iron 
bars* One of the side walls has disappeared^ bat the other three 
are in good preservation, and if unassaaled by (he OotUo hands of 
man, will probably resist the tooth of Time, for ages to eonM« 
The demolished wall, was no doubt removed in order to prooore 
free ingress to two or three cabins and their appurtenances, which 
classicslly ornament the interior. Indeed, I have been credibly in* 
fenqed, that part of tbe window-cases now serve the very ignobly 
purpose of farming part of the materials of some pig-sties \ But 
ttuch desecration of ancient works of art, by the unthinkmg and 
ignorant is not at bQ an uncommon circumstance in this country. 

InGhKosfi'S Antiquities,* we read as follows i '^CLeNMOBB 
CAsrtK. This is a square castie, the south and north sides of 
which are defended by towets. The walls are of great thickoessi 
but frst hastening to decay. Ivy covers the breac&s in the Wallsb 
and the ^Hndouvs are quite in rutns. It seems to have been stronglj 
protected by a wet dhch whidi surrounds it.'' — Such is the meagre, 
hicorrec^ and unsatisfactory account given us of Clonmore; and 
ffaat in otie <A our standard works. 6ut too frequentiy do we find 
the contents of topographical publications on Ireland, superfid4 
and ertt»neous ; as welt from want of due inquiry, as from ne^^ect 
of 'personal obiservation. — Clonmore castie was probably built by 
the Ormonde fiunUy, who obtamed an extensive grant here fix)m 
Henry VIII. By m inqaisllion taken at Carlow, in IdM^ It was 
feuady that the earl of Ormonde was p e s s a s ued ol the eastle oC 
Clonmore, and consideraUe territory adjoiaiiy* The castio and 
much i of the surrounding country is now die property of the 
Honourable Hugh Howard, undo to the earl of Wicldow. 

At the distance of about a hundred yards from theruins, stands 
the aanldl |iarish ehurch of Clonmore ; near which is a rude granite 
<i06% aove» leel in height To the north of the diurch hes aii 

* Writtett1>y Lodwich, though having fhs nsmeof Grose oa the title page ; 
the premature death ef the latter having prevented the exec&tion of bis i&« 

889 HtSTOHT AlTD AlfTlQetTtSS 

old ttone baaiii, probaUy at one ttme used as a resenrbir for ^ lK>Iy. 
water." In the .burial-ground are the shattered parts of another, 
stone cross, which, when complete and erect, could not have been 
less than ten feet high. The shaft, sunk in a stone socket^ still 
stands, and near it is to be seen the dissevered upper part* The 
countiy people have a tradition, that this appendage of Roman^^m, 
was broken by Cromwell ; but almost every devastation of the 
kind ia attributed to him; perhaps with some justice, as he: certainly 
could not be charged with f|ny great love of popery or its emblems. 
Few pers(ms oftmy taste will, however, justify the unnecessary 
fmd indiscriminate ravages committed on works of art by the. puri- 
ty of the seventeenth century. 

The following inscription (somewhat mutilated) appears on a 
stone in .the church-yard : 

Hbek: ltbth: thb: body: of: m: [Edmond: M'Huoh: 
Qavskaxjqb: Bybn: and: his: thrbb: childrbk: Mor- 
taoh: John; and: Ann. Hb: was: ye. grbat: grbat: 

obandson: of: Phblim: Bout: ue : Dbcbasbd: Oct. 

THB : 420 : 1737 : agbd . 

Clonagoosb. — ^These ruins of a church, and a burial-ground, 
lie one mile from Borris, in the barony of Idrone east. The length 
of the building was seventy-two feet, ^e breadth twenty-four. iW 
remains of five windows yet appear ; the breadth of which on the 
eitterior is but six inches, while from their gradually opening to the 
interior^ they are rendered there, perhaps, five feet across. Part 
of the walls had been recently thrown down, obviously for the stone ; 
some of which seemed to have been re-chiselled there for other 
buildings. This is another instance of the barbarous ravages com- 
mitted on the ancient structures of the kingdom, by persons equally 
devoid of good taste and right feeling, I was, however, glad to 
perceive, tibat the burial-ground is wdl enclosed by a wall in 
thorough repair. A stone reservoir of^about two feet i^ diameter 
lay inside the ruins ; a sure indication that it had been a Roman 
catholic place of worship. The following are among liie inscrip- 



Erected by Pat Cloney in memory of ki$ wife Ame. Gofuy 
cUae Byrne who depd.ihi8 life February 16, 1232, ag^ ^ 

Like you in this world I had my da^ 
Remember death and for me pray. 
May she rest in peace. Amen. ' , 

OLOxnnnm. — ^The mull, pfauD dnids wsd baiU-gniud «f 
dooHNlflhy MPB wttiitff four iBcB sooA oC 1^6 oounAy topifi^ inflM 
Imvobj of CMoir, and lb tfw left of tfia imd hmSaginmik$ 
bltar piaee to Bi^eoabtowiu The fiiBoinBg^ lOKripImB an Id 
be fooEid OA toari>-eloiies : 

fhcMcev Manmnme, dtmgkier qf Sir Tkmmn mtd le^f 
Atfbr o/Bmlim Tempie, died m Oe I4ii d^ ^tf Nc9mit^, 
1829, aged 12 j^eors. 


HereUe eniamied the remuM of TAammi Emtimoe. Egg,} 
9an ofHardf Eustacs, Esq^ whod^ied tJkis life iAediAdi^ 
ofJmmy 1819. 

, AUo the remauu of Hardy Eusiae9, Esg., toho departed 
ikU tifeihe22addt^ of Auguti, 1820. 

Beneath this tomb Ue interred the mortal remaine of Mafor 
(Xwer Moore* who died on the TSrd March, 1814, aged S7 
years; twenty-one of which he devoted to the service of his 
king and country abroad, in Germany, Holland^ the West 
Indies, and in Egypt. He encountered aUthe dangers qf the 
field at home, as Brigade Mafor of the yeomanry of the cowmty 
of Carlow, for nearly eleven yejars. He discharged the duties of 
that station with the most unremitting zeal, a^tity, and exer^ 
Hon, and having in public and in private mtdntmned the high 
reputaHon of the soldier and the gentleman, he lived adn^urfd, 
respected, and beloved, and died universidly,- deqfty,- and de- 
servedly lamented. 

Rev. Thomas Roberts, 
Also the remains of Mrs. Mary Beevor, who departed this 
life the 6th day of Feb. 1822. 

' Erected td the memory qf Catherine Hill, by her brother 
Ctdonel Sir Dudley St. Leger Hill, K.C.B., whose poignant 
grief for her irreparable loss, • but equals the love and fraternal 
ejection he bore her while alive. She died in Carlow, on the 
j^h of Oct. 1817, in the 26th year of her age, unwersallyre- 
grett&i by a, nutnerous acquaintance, 

* Beneath this stone rest the mortal remains of John Bennet, 
Esq., of Fieumount in this county, who departed this life on 
tte 4th of May, 1827, aged 68 years. Truly regretted, an 
honest man . and a sincere friend. > . 

On a blue slab indented in the wall of tiie oharch.— £bcr^ to 
the memory of Mrs: Bridget HiHi this monument is erected by 

f Brother of George Moore, Esq., late M.P. for the city of Dublin. 

IN WMomr Amr MMnnvmn 

mtrMm Uf Hunt hfr mm^ twin^on Botih maybcrmmr^M 
it Am90n i^ Hmt inmiwnmt vowbr wka is Wmjw merc^l to 
UsawdrnmB 00 th^jf ffnr fbedhnt to Am wM^ EjumiM^ Ukai 
her redeemer UveiA, resigning herself io km mercy^ emd tm^ 
fketJBg Ms hktsing &n, \tkef40Mg Ae was leaving efier ker^ 
si^jImdM ike llik^efJul^y IM^ in UaMtAyeat of k^ age. 

CxiOOH*a'-P0OilL| (literally the hole stone, in Irish.) — ^Two 
uB^ boqA of Tntlow, m the parisiT of Agfaade^ is a hugf pteee of 
granite of lE&ngcdar appearance. Ft is about twelve feet In height 
and four in breadthi having an aperture througii n^u^ Ae top: 
llxere is- a tradiltttD, that a son of one of ^e hiAi kings was 
chained to this stone ; but ffaait he eontrived tor break his cluiin and 
, escape. This tradition coin cides e it a c tly with our historical notice, 
(p. Vf). TheKe are macks left^ caused hj the fioctioa of -Ihe 
ifOnoA Ae stone. We would at once conclude that it was a b«IH 
or s«Bie 40th«e animal that was chained here, and not a human 
bfiiqg ; w?re not the tradition confinced hy written hiatairy» th« 
varitiF. of wUck w» are not disposed to controveitC The stcme is 
QoiK &roiR» fron its perpendicular, and it wkb a practice with d» 
pesMttUry to pass ili-thriveo infants tbroagh the aperture in order' 
to iiaprovB Ikeir (ionstitution^ Great numbens formeriy indulgsd' 
in lUs Bif SFstitioas fidly^ but far the last twenty yeais the practioa 
has hmi disooBlinuad. My infomant on this ocaaaioft was'i| 
URamaB who had heraelf passed one of ker infwte ^voiigh die 
aperture of this singular stone. She informed me^ that aaeoa oS the 
country people tall^ of having it cut up fqr gate posts, but a 
superstitious feeling prevented <hem. Every jsntiquary would regret 
the demolition of Uie cIoch-&-ph(nD. 

DoNiikqKVT.* — Elight miles gcmth of Carioifi and barony of 
tdnme East. Pari! of the sf do walls anA gafcles of an oTj cburcb 
are to be found here ; contiguous Xiot the one hi present use. The 
former building, in common with almost all others, of an ancient 
dot^fniKe coaaty, isof vei^ mde ar db tl es l w e. Tber^ aiw iwo 
stone-enskd windows 10 die* €Mt end,ei« fed in- heigfit by tsit 
fnehe9ia'£i«a<^. ht ft# hitemr Mands a tahed tM»t» of tte 
Bhctaief ftrnily. 0« « fiag'indsBtei ita ^ms^ Hw i^la b As 

lUlfvwiIIC lUBCIipmMI • 

Here lieth the body ofJamerBymet who Aedihe 90/A Jufy 
ViM* A^iflT 78. tmm^ ftms eneny^ 0h hisa^ Jmm^ Mso 
JUury Bjitmei 

Them ABB sevcealLothaR insosiptiMiiB on\ riflBsindadlBd en the 
walls, and the number on toiufciitoni'M m the ahimk-yavi is veqr 
great ;> bttt thwwaae none of aiwAwitdatat 

aiaasHHttb*.-^ftkiapkw8innaNl writer: ^^GwryhiU^Alaiie 
ruin near the church of Primesin, it was anciently one of the cas- 
♦ ' .- ■ ■ • ■• • ' •_ . 

* Correctly Dua-leiGney the fort on the hill side* 

«v -na oMim Of ojMOw. Ml 

de94)f flie IdtagB of Leintter/' Bmakfii^ ahouid 1% flnbstitiited 
ib» DriiMMii. ftwitf(teKawtt%bikoilytowhfeli the coiUedf 
CTanuchiU or OarryhiU belonged. 

Fenagh. — Seward thus speaks of a eastla situate at this 
place. ^ At FeDagli church are the rains of an old caslle which 
appears to have be«i weH fortified by strciig tamparts and a double 
ditch ; formerly the seat of one of the kin^ of Jjeinsler." — Titpo* 
^raphia Bibermca, 1795. This was probably a just representa- 
tion of the state of tiiese nuns at the time specified ; but com now 
wa^es oter Hie grolind fyhneAj occupied by this ancient effifieob-^ 
Vesti^ of tibe ditch or fosse, however, tdniain. 

ThSb diardi is a plain, modem building* The following 
among the inscriptions in ^ band-ground : 

Bare UeA ike iotfy of ike ehariUible J%omm,GurrM qfJgne^, 
Hlle doeeaeed, Aug* Si, 1759, aged 48 ^eare. 

* ikdt - 1 

Bere lie deposiied iH humiU hope 6j Ajogfid reHmredtvonthe fhor- 
ial remains of James Garret^ late of Mountpleaeant, isa, — 
Finn would prove an atiempi ai paliegyrie; sino^no eulogj/ 
could injustice to his inerits. Reader^ u>oUtdst ikou be had in 
everlasting remembrance? Sndeavoiit to enhulate his virtues. Be' 
d^t^tei this life Mg the im, 1818. Afednyem^ 

IVhen the kutamfkitrinnp shall sound. 
And earth in etrong eomndsion groan» 
In nAes made white may he befmmd, 
. From sin exeti^ before the throne^ 

■ ■ ■ ■ ■■ 

Within a railed enclosure, is a nosed tomb, overhung by ever- 
greens, en which may be read the following words : 

Vndetmsitth this stem are deposiied the remains of Cobmel Dmnd 


Joined to an tq^pearence calciUated to win all hearts he possessed 

eoerg viriue'that could endear him when hnown. Uberal, benevolent, 

and stieere» the mast dutiful son, the fondest ^ huskmd, the mesi 

ejfectienate father, the warmM ffkndB the hindest landlord, ke 

fulfilled his private duties with matchless itUegrity, and his remaina 

were honoured bg the regret of a whole eounig. His afiicted widow 

makes an humble acknowledgment of the gooisess of the Jilmightg in 

having Nest her with such d husband and her chUdren with such a 

fathef. Bom 5th of Mag, 1769. Died i5tk March, 1816. 

MOjf t die tht dettth of tie righteous, and may my last end be like his, 

Cecilia La Touchb. 

Hacrbt^Towx* — The cliurch here is of recent erection. The 
following are among the inscriptibns in the burial ground* 

Rudely cut and obvioudy of old date : > 


2 u 

9^ sisvomv Ain> AM^^DirrBS 

9tan0wa9 erected by John Bfmeforhimedf onifamSf. 
Here UethJhe body of EUza B^e who departed iMe i^e 3lef 
ihe25tA. 1779 aged IB years. 

Tender parents weep no more, 
Nor friends shed a tear, 
' For I am gone but Just before, 

Z/nto my Siaviour dear. 

Bere lieth the body of Mr, John Jones of Woodside, mho 
departed this life 2Qih^ April 1830, in the 99tA year of his 

Sacred to the memory of Thomas Hardy, Esq. who was 
Mtted in adibn when fighting for his king and country against 

the rebels at the battle of Hachetst&wn on the efJunt 

1798. ThUemonwoient is erected by his sons Lt. CoU. Henry 
Hardy and the Rev, John Hardy in respect to a beloved father's 
memory June 25th 1829. Beneath this tomb aho lie the re- 

mains of Francis Hardy ^ Esq., who died A,D. and, 

Henry Uar^, Esq., who died A.D. grandfather and father 

qf (he above named Thomas Hardy, Esq. 

The nax/nsa, together with the total abseace ef the ^'I.H.S/ 
and other indicaitioiiH of Roman CatUoUcism, amply show, that 
the great majority of persona buned here have heen Protestants. 
Indeed, since the early, part of^ the laet century, when Benjamin 
Burton, of Burton-Hall, Esq., leased his large estate here to 
' PktyteetantB ,(who then were die only eligible persons), this part of 
' the county has been tbe strong hold ot that interest. 

Kbiatstown. — ^Of Kellystown, Seward writes thos : *« Here 
is a large ruined church dedicated to St Patrick, and said to have 
been buitt by lam* It farmeriy belonged to tin andent fiBOBiiy of 
Cummins, a name still surviving and numerous in this part of the 
(Dountry. There are several of that name interred in the church 
whoae vaults are still remaining, tho' there is but mie whose 
inscription is intelligible ; it is as follows : Hoe Jdeet sub lapide 
Hugo Mae Cummins 1603." On the above, I hav*e to observe^- 
that the mined church does not seem to have been large ; tiie name 
of Cummins is not now numerous, and there ar6 but few inscrip- 
tions of this fidmily. The latin epitaph is not correctly given.— 
' The words so far as legible mntiius : 



This inscription is in raised Roman capitals, and runs along the 
margin of the ^tone, in the way usual in the early part of the 
seventeenth century. On the left side the words are completely 
obliterated, apparentiy by the feet of people standing on the stone. 
The tomb is for the most part worn quite smooth. An arch of 
the old church, in perfect preservation, atiU remains. A new church 

or TffS COUKTT 0» CAKLOW. 9^1 

^wte erected, a^yacent to Ae foroier on^, aboat the year 1807 ; 
wben we r^ret tasay, that one of tliose angular stnxctores^ Ae 
round towers, was pulled down to make way for the beUry. Tlds 
act of inexeasable barbarism, much, and justly, annoyed Mr. 
Doyne, fSbe- proprietor of the estate. Ih the cbunch-yard is the 
tomb of a Cummins, i^;ed 106, who died in 1796. K^ystown 
Metf about five miles east of Cariow. The ground bttog here de-> 
▼ated, a considenible prospect ie obtuned of the surroun^Bng 

/ Mr. Brewerteffle us diat^ **the more ancient name of tUa place 
is QiU-mmit-^rtHOsat'na'moen — the church of the poor mourning 
Munst^ women; allusion to a Sanguinary batUe fought hiere, in 
or about the year 478, in which the Munster warriors .were de- 
S»ted .and tdai^^tered by those of liekister.'* ^ lliiB battle is anan- 
tioned, pp. 18 and 67 of this work« . 

KiLBaMUMD.— The church of Kiledmund which was bu3i by 
one of theBagenal fomily, stands at the foot of Mount Leinsterj 
and in the barony of Idrone East. The scenery here is of a su- 
perior order, from the contiguous mountams aod extensile planta- 
^lionof trees. "'^ The Black Stairs and liie celebrated pass called 
8tullogh-gaf are prominent objects. The church is a neat 
building, fifty-feet by twenty-two. On a monument mside a walled 
endosuie, handsomely oyershaded by laurel^ is tiie foUowing b-* 

Ri^ert Edward Carroll iepmied ikis Rfe Augwk t/ie lUk 
1806, aged 30 years. 

This gentleman's widow, Mrs. Amelia Carroll was buried here 
about the year 1825. She was a daughter of the late Beauchamp 
Bkgena), Esq., of Dunleckny, and lived in a plain houi^ which 
etands near die church, Mr. Carroll was a member of the re- 
spiectable county Wicklow family of that name. 

Near the prece£ng mausoleum, is a monument with fliese 
words : 

Here lieih ike remains of Doctor John Minchin of Bagenals" 
ioum toko departed thk J^e the 1th of January ,1823 aged 25 

In sw»e and certain hope of 
Glorious resurrection 
Hark from the tomh a dolefkl sound, 

My 'ears attend the cry. 
Ye living men come view the ground. 
Where you shall shortly lie » 
This tomb was erected by his aj/^ted widow Catherine Uin- 
chitty d&as Little, as a smailtribute of her affection and lovc» 

On the townland of Lacken, near Kiledmund, is a granite 
cross, about three feet in height, on which the following inscription 
is legible:^ — 

O.K.L. DEC. 1737. A.C. 


Nfi|r ^a 6|9&« is a ofubrn or h^ap of stonfi^^ Hie frovs is 9>h^ 
]|(^|d; ^peMantry fay thedmqiiig^ wns done by soina saldieiSy 

Ki&TiTNNai*.— *Ooe mSlp from Kflednumd >• tha mia^ chravli 
of RilikQpnd; aiCinate^m a rode and wild distviot* Tyro gabU4 
^<^e 8i4e irall of thu €oqjrMit areUtec^ore, aia atapdiag. — 
Tl^are is aa arched aatraaoa in tlie waU, abpat sixaadaludf feet 
lug)|y by twelTO in breadtii. Ivy covers Ibe WdXk, aad insida isa 
ii§ceptacle for ** boly water," of aboat eighteen inches in djamelw* 
. Aa ^dq#u«y ^r f ootiniiation 0^ 

ins^ which a heurga fsh tree is growing. The ftUowii^ inssiH»- 
^onJ[wil^ a coat of CM^iP^ At top), on a slab indiinted in the wslii 
lalfi^ 19s of t|ke lustpry of this etibjuiiied edi^oer 

1^Ri/T£D. TB. SAMB. IK. Tb. TBAR . 1709. 

' On a flat stos^e are these words : 

Unfierneath this stoM doth lie At^muoh Virtue 4U Couli Die 
V^McA when Alive did Vigour give to om much Beauty ae Could 
Uve^ Her age was fyttr years old and died last Miffho0bi^ 
day, 174!3. Name. Ann Warren. 

N^isr thaV^c^d^^ • 


mm Lisa Wf 86tb tbab of jna abb* 1711. 

In ^e burial ground niay be found the following inscriptions ; 

Erected by Laeuienant John Stone in memory qf his father, 
the late Lietdenant nomas Stone who was hilled by the rebela 
OH tie 26th day of Jme, 179,8, ^ged 76 years. 

Bisected iy John SinnoU of Kiledmond in memory of Aia 
beloved father John Sinnott, Lieutenant of Mount Lebister 
Infantry,who d^arf^d tfii/s life January the 7th 18^, ag^ 
76 years, 

KiLLiNANE. — ^The rains of the chorch of Killinane, aod itB 
burial bround, lie halfivay between the B#y4 Oak and Ldghlin- 
bridge. One gaUe and a side wall (sixty-three feet in length) 
are standing, sxA the nnn is Msaated by another wall. A window 
in a ruinous stat^ is obsencaUe in Iha east and. The whole is co- 
vered by a profusion of ivy* . lasida tha western end of the rains 
is a tomb — witji tba following iasoriptioB ; 

IJnderneath are deposited the remains of Harriet C.Smyth 
second daughter of Pairich Smyth late of J^dlHeborow in the 
county of Camn, Esq. She died the ^nd of October^ 1806. 

In the burial ground is this InscriptioD, amongst otha:^ : 


THE 25th Of fUiiV; 1710^ aoed 99 tears. 


'thu finty-rixA nileieoiie, (Ueb mnu/m), from DablK 
«t tbkplaod. 

Old LEfGHLiN.— -The cathedral church of tiie diocese of Leigh** 
}m stands at the diatwfie of two KegUah miles west of LrighUn* 
bridge. The site is admirably adapted for a stnicture dedicated 
to rdigiotts purposes. A nook is formed by Hie adjacent hffls, and 
here, quite removed from any thorough-fia«y &r away from tiie 
bttsyhaimli of men, this mHe of antiquity nises its venerable 
head; The hntory of Old I^Ub may be leanwd in the for^OK 
ing pages; weshaH here Milder a mtnute aecouat of its proscat 
state and circumstances. 

IThe cafliedral' (which is of the plainest Gothic architecture) 
consists of a nave and chancel. The length of the nave is eighty* 
four feet; that (^ the dianoel, sixty-feet; breadth^ #wdiily-ene 
feet Th^e are a door and window in die west end, and two side 
entrances. Ancient reservoirs for '' hdy water/' are fixed in the 
wall to the right handy on, entrance, of the soulii door, and on the 
left of the western. In the nave ii a large stone bi^tismal font, 
austained by a pedestal which rests upon a raised foundation six feet 
square. IThe umt is at the height of about five feet from the^floor of 
the'nave. A very curiously werhed arch of stone may be observed 
over part of die nave. The entire inside is, with the usual bad taste, 
whitewashed. The belfiy tower is about siztv feet in heisht, and 
has a mean sort of slated spire on top ; which firom its pigmy size, 
and general unsuitableness to the building on wUeh it is erected, 
has the worst possible effect. Windim* stone steps are oontimied to 
the summit of the belfiy; forty steps lead to the first landing pkee^ 
after whidi twenty-two more, of very narrow construction, cotH 
duct to the top. The date on the bell is 1787. — From tfie norlb 
side of the cathedral project two structures in a ruinons state. 
The dimensiops of that toward the wes(^ ar^ twenty-seven feet by 
twenty-four, on the inside; with windows closed up and roofless. 
The other vans on a Hne with the east end, pngeets from the 
eathedral twenty-two feet, and is fifty<.two feet m length* It is 
about thidy feet in height snul is roofless. A Gbdiio window of 
superior workmanship, and in good preservatien, is to be seen in 
die eastern e^ctrsmity of diis latter rain.«««In fte chancel are stalls 
for the dean and chapter T»tiMright^ on entrance^ we find them 

diUS lettered: DBAN-^eHANCttIift(Ml«*-«TOUM>OTMAH^>*^EC0LM — 

BBADBn-*t» die ten dbas: p«aemvOA--TBBjyBi7Ui»*«^ARCBDtf a- 


Having thus depicted the geneial fealntee of the eathedral, let 
OS BOW proceed to the m<muments« These are weU worthy of no- 
tice. Inscriptions may be observed on five flags in the aisle of the 
chanceL ^ Commencing at the communion table, they are in order 
as fgOows. Tn Uack letter, widi curious figuring in centre : 

Si^ is»nt nvbtuM imcifttii 

t IfiWt froyCri $tt ttimn Bii. 1567. 

Pert ef tUs slone is improperly covered by die wooden steps of the 



tomaunaon table. . Thb is tbe tomb of M^ew Sondere^ b^op 
of Leigblin. Near the preceding, also in obscnre black letter, of 
which the following are a few words : . , 

— ^— et Ht jo^vnxH mntnn (flfnif ^ 

. , ' ... 

In the middle of the aisle, with a cross in the centre, and the 
foUowivg words round the margin : 


« * 

Near the preceding : . 

OF. MARCH . 1703. 


TELL. MB. I. SAY ^ . 

WAS. IT. li{. VAIN. 
' OR. DOTH. IT. GAIN. . > 


Adjoining the above, also in Roman capitals :